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l\i Caiftrrnia ^armir 



Tjotter fcomWaah" 

the Mount,-' in ij. 

We give the 
best writers, eac 
merit. Trulhfu 


of two of the -world' 

cblnim'mg for their therao great 
there is "good in evcry- 
eveiy where; on the sea find 
n the land. Oufriend "Wash asks a question, 
and tells his ownltory. It u indeed a caw of 
ouien sabt, if afcur friend describes sbotld 
happen to all, bun-Tosh writes so h'oppily upjn 
the ills of furmiiiL'C-n li.-IEcvu In.' likes it. (he 
thing is certain, LojClS d. glorious support in lie 
trials, and wo supnW ho has realized, in prt, 
at least, the prcttyines : 

A lOsle UUOTtH S>l=d. 

A Hub L-./»dl BiiW, it 

So we con say, p ahead Wash, yon are i la 

to hoe your roic, inspito of panthers, griz; ! 

allocking cows. Jun't bo in baste again 

all the cream of thi pail at once: 


"■Who would not «U ■ Farm and 
The above caolfltion is from i 
particular, but is often used by £ 
ingly, wheaercr tlioy have an oi 
for oompluiniig of their hard lot, 
as it 19 called, in sea parlance. A 
that a farmir "bus the easiest 
world!" Nothing to do, but to watoh th&t 
grow in stunner; and in winter, sot by the %>, 
crack walnuta and drink cider i 

Tha hfo of a Mariner is o hard 
profession ii there that does not 
ships? la my lifetime, I have found but f , 
who were satisfied with their colling, 
have 1 been guillv of envy, and also of ma) 
when eiiui[<iriug my lot with the Farmer, 
joined m with others in abasing him foi 
imaginary happiness. We had porbops, 
returned bet'.iv. after Wing culled up to 
topsail*; wet, Cold and hungry, everybody 
bud humor. But Jack must mail 
and then comes the remark I hi 
quoted, "who would nut sell a form and go! 
s, that "it Is- 
and others f< 
low with, "what a beautiful shower w 
had ;" "how this will moke things grow 
"tail mill bring rverylhiitg out of tltc gn 
This last remark brings in response {froj 
old joker, who has lost his regard for the ft 
aei), "I hope not. for I Iravo two wives undi 
it!" Thi?, f-arlitlly, restores grji)d hui 
all drop to sleep, perhaps to be called again bi 
fore the watch bi ' 
I bave nlway 
country, and to raise and own cattle; hear"! 
music of the lowing kino" wo road about, e 
fresh milk and butter, etc., oto. 

I have tried it; the romance of the thing 
gone, and in a short tirrie yon will hare amoi 
your odvcHiscments, Form for ,iU, cligibl 
located, utitli llic best breed nf stock upon it, etc 
tic. If soma dan buys it immediately ho w 
he fortuuutr, in securing nu elegant place, wi 
the kindest and "best broke" cottlo upon 
be over saw. For the benefit of my brotbo 
niatdoU who may contemplate turning farmers L _, 
Iwillgivoyon an abstract of my Log-book: L furnish 

nobody e 

Toe machine illustrated by tha above plate, is 
^tended for broad-cost seed-sowing and har- 
ming in. The grain to bo sowed is contained 
ithintho two cylindrical holders, A A; both 
rsvolvo upon a common shaft, I. Motion is 
given to the shaft by belts and pulleys, which 
connect with tho hobs of the wheels (cast iron) 
of tho cart. The slides, C, cover in tho plate, 
triangular apertures in tho cylinder, and aro 
connected together by a wire, through which, 
when opened by moving tho slides, the grain 

escapes and falls to tho ground. The quantity 
escaping may bo adjusted by moving tho slides, 
to enlarge or contract tho apertures io tho cyl- 
inder, thus acourotoly regulating tho quantity 
of seed to the acre. H is a revolving harrow, 
for pulvcriring tho soil and covering tho grain. 
It is attached to tho rear of the machine, nod 
receives motion by it chain connected to a pully 
on the outaido of the wheels, as shown ia tbo 
Tho chain being cross-banded, gives a reverse 

aictii (.') farming, though. Go by tho way of 
tho Russion-river Volley, up Fetoluma creek; 
thick this ereek meanders some! Wonder if 
ours is as crooked ) Take stago next morning; 
rido all day. Notice all tho (arms, somo of 
Ihom look very pretty, but they are too much 
on a dead level ; havo no scenery, 

Mako a new discovery in Natural History. 

Seo a number of hogs in a meadow, eaoh one 

with n bird upon his back. Aokod driver whot 

kind of birds ibey were, and what they were 

doing! Said they were blackbirds; did not 

know what they were doing ; saw them ia that 

position every day; may bo thoy were bunting 

fleas, Thoogbt tbis conjectore plnusiblo, 

watched them closely. Found each hog 

but one rider, who seemed impatient nt this i 

moans of locomotion, for ho was continually 

flying down in front of the porker's noso. j 

came to a conclusion, and as tho fact 

d down in any book upon animals that 

for Toad, and Audubon says nothing of it 

work npon birds, I therefore eli 

discovery : tbot what tho jackal is to tbo lion, 

d the pilot Gsh to tho shark, tho blackbird is 

tho bog. Thoy travel in company, th 

Dial in this instance doing all tbo work ; ho digs 

up tho ground end takes all the big 

grubs, and tbo bird has for his share tho small 

Noit day tuko a private conveyance and rido 
within twelvo miles of my Enocho; find I 
go no further on wheels, must finish tho joarnny 
on horseback. Am o littlo astonished i Was 
told tliat there was a good road all tbo way. 
Resolve to lake another day for il 
risgo busk, end stop with a farmer, who I End 
ito neighbor. He kindly offers 

— -vith horses for Iho morrow; 

elegant Eancbo for sale, cheap.thioks though that I had bettor take mules, as 
A fnend has visited it, describes it as the most hey aro the safest in n "bad trail.' 

pilot point 

to i 

ask pilot if wc i 

id says wc must cross 
Am nearly tired out already ; my mule hsj 
into the chaparral, and raked me off a dozen 
limes. Ho steers very badly ] it was "bard i 
starboard, and hard a pert" with mo all lliotimc 
At last reached the top of tho last mountain, am 
commenced the descent. Weivenldown! down 
down! My place fcemcd a Will o> tho Wisp 
reccdingfrom us. After goinga mile (which thi 
serpentine course of iho trail makes at least 

L- llSt I,. 

beautiful place ho over saw ! Scenery magnifi- 
cent; high mountains in front and rear. "Mean- 
dering creek running oloso by the door." The 
"*ok makes me determine to purchase it 
diauly. Cuid Bm( , u B(l!t waWr Bti|][ Ma 8n j oj . 
sea food. Halved to plant oysters. Know 
that the rtaaoho WM fa , bo Cgut rf 

mountains, W nad nQ ^ . ( ^ bo ^ ^ 
coasL Have ae anJ lh , t tWo h B(jmD diffloQh 
about tit es in C)if__,;„ i, > j , 

n,i.- ii-i. : iuiurnln . but urn assured that 
ton ii oil right, ti. „ ,. „ ,. 

fltor. Conclude thoy r,,„„„ - 

oelloot above all others." T L t -. ,v , - , . 
ota after. I purl .,,^ . Tbat u lho ^ l 
Pack up everything nnd etartnettdav with 
w-eondebiid WlfcW^SS^ 
pect of a country life . lho was ^^ ^ ^ 
ti Pennsylvanm ; au ,p eot ber of ^ Dotch 

<atractiom always den 
wwti" won't look 

i the 


at sour-krout; knows all 

agin to "look dubious," but Wife is still 
ii-.rlul and sangainu. 

Tho evening was cold; our now friends made 
hbuiiHtf firo in on imniniie ^hlfosbionod fire. 
Inco. Enjoyed the fire eiceediugly; hud not 
:en one of the kind for many a year. Sat a. 
ng time looking into it; Co aid hear tho roar of 
io sea, and tho wind, and seo figures of ships 
id houses, tnon and horses flit before mo in 
ie live coals, as they used to In the days of my 
jyhnod. Retired to bed early; dreamed of my 
anobo all night; towards morning was anoken- 
I from a horrid nightmare — en enormous, 
jinpkin, I had found growing upon my farm, 
id which weighed two thousand pounds (1) had 
Jen while I was hoisting it upon tbo back of 
o of tho Government camels, and rolled over 
3, mushing mo "flat as n fiounder." 
Early tbo following morning, 
;igb," Three saddle-mules and a pilot, 
enced ascending a mountain ; go up 

Spend first day c 
It.fs in tho bottom of a 
hight . 

ining ii 

; the 


F purchase. 

the sun about four hours a day. Look about 
the farming land; cannot find ten square yard 
of level ground ; see a spot which most havo bcei 
intended for a garden ; lot of bruhh piled arooni 
it for a fence, and ground so steep tbat turnip 
would roll down hill before thoy bad limo t< 
ripen. My creek, I End Io bo, after every rain, i 
mountain torreut (river we would call it in tb> 
Eastern Slates). A creek, wilh us, "makes up 1 
out of tho sea, tide ebbs and flows, etc. Will 
assures mo that they call theso fresh waloi 
strcamn, creeks, at tbo West, and this is tin 
prettiest duo she ever saw, I find that wo nri 
thirty-Qvo miles from the Pacific ocean, and al 
an nltitode of fifteen hundred feet above tha level 
of the sea. 

Give up all idea of farming; rcsol 
my atlontion to slock, fullconildcntthalBlthough 
not Abel to till lho ground, I can beal Cain jabs 
ing sheep I 

Hunt up my cattle ; God Ihctn five miles Iron 

home, high up on the muuntain sides. Try n 

them down into the ravine towards homo 

all break and run lho other way ; work "Tom 

orse" on them ; pretend I want to 

up the hill — wholo band nearly run 

get down. After an awful quantity 

of yelling, and throwing rocks ; arrive home, and 

ith tho assistance of tho family, ■■corral" Ihom. 

litermlno to select two milch cows, and turn tha 

51 loose. Wife selects an old-fashion Amuricaa 

W, "becauso she looks so genlle" ; I havo my 

o on a beautiful black ono, cHppor-built, long 

,d narrow spars, light and or great length, had 

i oyo liko an eagle. Turn tha balance out. 

Black cow begins to give iniiicalluns Ibat she 

not going to stay wilh us. Run for a lasso 

(havo some eiporienco in throwing lines), and 

clears Ihe fanco, at a bound, succeed in 

getting thu "bowline" over, her horns. Bush 

ronnd from treo to tree, trying to "catch a turn -" 

before 1 can do so, cow jumps over a precipice, 

.wing rope through my hands, and burning 

m to tho bone. Suspend opcraliona for tho 

the harrow from tbe onward motion 
of tbo wheels. 

Tho machine Is provided, if required, 
noothor sot of smaller cylinders, for sowing 
gross, olover or Alfalfa seed, which may hi 
attached at pleasure, if it is required to seed 
and sow at tho some tima. 

For further information with regard to tht 
above maobine, address Dr. H. Hewitt, care o' 
Warren & Co., Farmkb Oflico, 130 Washing- 
ton street, San Franoisao. 


cow lets mo gel pail half full, is dissatisfied with 
something, and kicks bucket plump against tbo 
bridge of my nose! Am nearly blinded by tbo 
lacteal flood, and discover several new constella- 
tions in tho heavens I Wife asks if Ihoy are the 
"Milky-way." Cant give up tho black cow jot, 
bring a new power to boar upon her, employ Ihe 
force of maternal affection ; secure bar calf and 
bring bim boniB, cow walks behind as ''quiol as 
a lamb." Am fully impressed with tho belief 
that "sure bind, is sure Snd," therefore faslen her 
securely, by mooring ber with strong bai 

tough bushes, and when once it has been burned 
over, tho brush become; seasoned as bard as iron. 
Tied my horse and commenced making my way 
through, part of the time on hands and knee*. 
Heard an immense crackling before me among 
tha bushes | rise up and see a head end a tre- 
mendous pair of antlers, within ten feet of mo 
another head without antlers, a few steps off. 
What beautiful creatures I what eyes I and with 
what astonishment thoy seem to look at me 
now I would like to havo ono of them ; for tho 
Grst time think of my gun, and thay arogono; 
console myself with the thought, well I did not 
cotno hunting! 

Proceed to the top of tho mountain; am re- 
paid for all my trouble; c-in see tho ocean and 
everything else lor a hundred miles around. 

It is getting lalo, I must start back. Shaped 
my course toward my hnrso (southwest by west 
half west a little westerly) and crowded all sail. 
Alter going far onough to reach my horse, find 
myself entirely of my course ; got ercited, think- 
ing of anight In tho mountains, rattlesnakes loo, 
and no anlidote with mu; commenced making 
tremendous bounds, in every direction; soon 
found that I had le.n ' cirrnu.- ,i Wavy press of 
canvas," but "sail was coming oil* of mo fast;" 
coat, pantaloons and garments of a lighter texture 
(to say nothing of the cutaneous covering), were 
hanging about upon tbo bushes, in small pieces, 
signals of distress, 

I at last stopped and recovered my presence of 
mind again, went dolibcralcly back and shaped a 
new course. Tbis time found my horse easy 
enough, and late at night arrived homo safe, but 
as ragged as Billy Bnrlow j wife said I, looked 
liko one of the last of tho Baro-uns. 

On inquiry afterwards found I had ascended 
Mount SL Halens. There was formerly a copper 
plate with lho name ond an inscription, placed, 
number of years since, on the top of thismoon- 
.in, by lho Russian authorities; hut some vandal, 
fear Hil, perhaps, that they might claim tbe moun- 
tain and carry it off, bas taken tho phto away. 
"Satis Superquo," WiHH. 


Cultivation of the Alfalfa. 

Bamael Horrli, 

a Gov. I 

diking, am proud of my 
idftto witness it. Gontlo 

Have a great fancy for Poultry, think fhis 
elegant place Tor chickens, determine, in time, 

nu. |idIi7.c lho whole San Francisco mark 

Mako a alert, with Gfly laying hens. Lot th> 
all out to sun themselves, and stretch their It 
after their long journey. Immediately tbo air 
led by a flight of eagles, kites and bawl 
get my double-barrel shot gun and blare nwr 
but find that every ono I kill, a dozen come 
funeral. Oaunot leave bomoa momont, every 
o I do, lose three or four hons. End of first 
week lako an inventory and Gnd twenty-sovon left, 
igular what becomes of lho eggs ; hear 
lho poultry "cackle," and seo shells; something 
take Ihcm, keep awako all night, on the 
iocs, out! There is a terrible commotion among 
tho "feathered tribe," I rush out! hair dressed, 
into the cold night nir, resolved to make a des- 
perate fight with tho Intruder, and conqueror 
dio, Poke my head into tbo chicken coop, and 
am gteeted with an awful smoll of "cheap per- 
fumery I" retire gracefully, and leave my enemy 
in quiot possession ; ho ha little too strong/or me. 

An evening or two after my arrival, bad u 
sympathies eiceedingly exciled by a cry of di 
' rods from tbo bouse. Tho voico w 

liW a 

hi Id's. 


my gon ; ran in tho.dfrectkm of tbo sound, found 
it proceeded from alreo; saw a pair of shining 
eyes ond a large, dark body between mo and tho 
moon ; think it must bo a young bear ; go back 
for my gun, but during my nbsenco thu animal 
had retrcalcd to a ledge or rocks. Directly hca 
his plaintive moan again ; mako it out this tim 
to bo ce-oo-a I know Ihcn that I havo been wiibii 
ho spring or a Cougar or Panther. I havesinei 
ascertained thai there are a number of families of 
bora in my vicinity, and conclude it would bo 
selusa to attempt sheep raising. 
Have noticed a tall mountain within a few 
iiiles of us. Think that from tho top tboromust 
.0 a beautiful viow, and, may bo, onother sightof 
alt water. Delormino to mako tho ascent ; start 
at daylight, taking nlong my horse and gun. one 
barrel loaded with ball, as a protection from bears 
id other "varmints," At noon urrired at tha 
edge of tho ohaparrnl, near tho summit. This is 
called tbe "chemlso," becauso, as I suppose, it is a, 
shirt collar or rufllo near the head of tho moun- 
tain. It consists mostly of shrub oak and other 

if Sacramento. 
Rureiro Be Puto, J rnnnIT so, Ida 
MR. WABRES : Dear Sir : Feeling consider- 
able interest in regard to the cultivation of tbo 
Alfalfa in Chile, and thinking that any informn,- 
lion in relation to it would advance the Agricul- 
tural interest in this State, Irequested Mr. John 
Bigler to inform mo in regard tu tho manner of 
its cultivation. To my request ho bos written 
mo a long letter upon lho subject, a copy of 
which you will find inclosed. 
You will pleaao give it a placo in your paper. 
Sasiuel Norms, be Chtl*. Hov. 15, 1BST. 
Sakuel Nortnis, Esq. : Dear Sir: In com- 
pliance with your request I have mado mnny 
inquiries in relation to the cultivation of Alfalfa 
in Chilo. In tbis country Alfalfa is cultivated, 
less or more, by nil engaged in farming. It is 
generally irrigated, and when woll watered and 
attended to will produce fonr, and somo say as 
many as six or sovon crops within tho year. 
It grows vory rnnkly, and sometimes as high 
five foot. It is said to ho quite ns nutritious 
California wild Clover, und will certainly 
yield four limes the quantity to tho noro. 
It lakes very doop root, if loft in the gronnd 
or threo years; but ovon after having boon in 
tho ground as much ns four yoors, the sod enn 
lily turned over with a prairio plow and 
two yoke of cnttlo. I Ibiuk that Alfalfa onu bo 
iltivBlcd ndvnntogeously in California, if at- 
tended to, ns is tho red Clover in tho Atlnnlio 
Slatos. In Poousylvania tho red Clover ie sown 
lho ryo or wheat in lho spring of the- 
year, and the year following produces a crop. 
After cutting two or threo crops of Clover tho 
ground is turnod down again, and sown in wheat 
or planted in corn; tbo Alfalfa can be profitably 
cultivated in tho same, manner in California. 

l formed after two yoors' growth, c 

vd, can bo easily out with a good plow, 

and turnod under without much diffioulty. The 
Alfalfa when growing, or soon after out, is the 
richest looking gross I havo over seen in any 
country, and is devoured by horses, mulofl ond 
horned cattle, with groat ongerness. 

I find that tho seed of tho Alfalfa is scarce, 
and cannot be easily obtained oloar of tbo seed 
of sovoral kinds of woods common in this conn- 
I havo thus complied with your request, 
rivon you nil tbo infonuuti,,,, I ,-ould obtain' 
latum to tbe cultivation r,f Allulio, in Chile. 
\ ory truly, yours, &o., 


Tbe shipmout . „,.,,. ,„ ., . 

Wo -una L., „«s ,~ !,!.».< i.ii/Ji; ij_[|,;. 
nunibor of possongors only 181. 

on Tuesday, by 

The amo> 

St!,!,. TlLH- 

aist, lasr, t 

nt of tbo Stamp Tin paid into tbo 
iry, from July 1st to Docombor 
nounts to 853,023 2I.| 


r from Mia. BUbo "W. Foxnhain. 

t. (MtfW« 

(Wilfciaiu «d B#«4oIi 

EDITORS FiniiER: If yea over »w the taoo 
of on old friend in a far-away country, a face 
that was freighted with good n°»* foT r ou ' 
every hoe recording something pleasant to your 
est and proBtaolo to your soul, you can judge 
how we, Inst Culifornians. hail the fight of the 
Farmer. We rend tho dclidmi fruit lKn,B 
over, and say. with sparkling eyes and proud 
hearts, "Ah, that is the country." 

We dilate, mentally, if there bo no audience 
present, on tho grain crops i and potato crops ; 
and big trees ; and grand Fairs ; and gold pro- 
duots ; and if there bo a man or men, woman or 
women at hand, we relievo tho pent up enthu- 
siasm by nfow words which as to Dish or provoke- 
their unblessed apathy into expression. "Oh, 
yoa are iusano with regard to California," say 
they; "clean daft, wo never expect to hoar a 
reasonable word from yoa about it." 

That, retorts tho exile, is beeauso of your 
benighted ignorance. When yoa bavo 
grown a California crop, bow can you know its 
wealth; when yon have never trodden Call fo. 
nia soil, how can you know its riohnas! ; when 
you have never felt a California breoxo, how 
can you know the freight of life it bears ; whi 
you havo never eeen o California sky, how er 
you know the glory of its deep, clear, tranquil 
blue! It is «u who are wholly reasonable and 

sane, and yon who are — . 

My friend S was moved by muoh elo- 
quence in regard to that country, and intensi 
disgust with eitremo caloric, cold and corrup- 
tion hero, to consider tho feasibility and desira- 
bleness of moving thither. Ho had a wifo and 
four children, throe splendid girls and a son; 
each ono of whom would have been a treasure 
in any neighborhood of your State — our State, 
I intended to say. Ho oamo to tho city to see 
what tho expense of going would he, and the 
second day wrote back to bis family that they 
must no lui.c-r think of California as a future 
borne, fur it would eo-t mure l<> get there than to 
buy n large farm in one of tho Western Sir 
Comment is unnecessary ; and besides, could 
not bo very graciously made by any Iroo friend 
of the State. 

In thia eri-is. had there been any reasonable 
means of getting to San Francisco, yc 
havo received great numbers of good 
from the East ; pcoplo who were broken up and 
had to look for new homes somewhere. Il 
cheering iu the midst of all tho discourageml 
that has bent every budy to tho earth here, to 
get good tidings from anywhere, end ; 
come with especial welcome to our pride ai 
as oar affection for the land they speak of. 
The lovers of Art are now enjoying r. 
treat fur America, at this time. There 
exhibition iu this city a collection of French 
Pictures, n gallery of British Paintings, and 
separately, tho great work of Huso Bonheur, the 
Horse Fair. Indisputably (hid is tlic picture of 
tho day, though painted by a woman and though 
the study is so purely an out-door ono. Thank 
God. tho women oro getting out of the cabinet 
and bovd'jir for their subjects, when they havo 
an inspiration to do something. Never won 
So oil a moil of rollicking, snorting, rearing, 
plunging, willful imd v ■ i - ■ , > 1 1 » lifo put upon can- 
vas by any masculine band, at this lady hutli 
portrayed in this gronp of brutes : some mount- 
ed by figures equally well done with themselves, 
some led by i inlinui Qi Confident hostlers, and 
some, like certain animals whose acquaintance 
wo havo aforetime enjoyed upon the plains of 
California, defying both riders and hostlers, and 
incoutiueully showing beels when they should 
be showing points and paces. It is a picture to 
rejoice in, to draw inspiration from, to'mako the 
basis of grand and glowing hopes for our own 
sex, in tbo divine world of Art. Itosn Bonhcur 
is only a representative woman- She speaks 
to-day for the future of womanhood, which has 
not in all the ngca, ever had such a proi 
now is made for it. Tito painting is owned by 
a gentleman in Ifubokcn, who, it is said, paid 
61000 for it, and has been offered 816,000. It 
is cheering to seo that tho wealth of thi 
is corning to such liberal uses, and tin 
procure at, wall as iuy fine pictures; a 
Church's Kiagara, which went abroad lost 
Spring, and bos received the most 1 
at the beads of jealoos foreign critics— liberal 
that is, if just praise can over bo so Called, for 
the picture was powerful, truo and noble, tbo 
only ono paint. ,1 that was worthy tho snliji 
It is bring engraved in England. 

You will tee by tho papers how narrowly tbo 
city ha* escaped the perpetuation, through an- 
other year, of tho infamy of the last three. Tho 
election for Mayor yesterday, under tho now 
tropolitan law, was a triumph which tho friends 
of order and decency broelho more freely [oi 
having achieved, though tboy only carried it by 
a vote uf 2500. Tbo wonder is that a man of 
such character as the defeated candidate should 
dare to run. and then that ho should come so 
near succeeding. It is a sad common tary on 
tho soundness of public opinlou. that despot of 
Republics. But for this toward event. Now 
York would havo needed end have had a Vim'. 

lonco Committee, before another Dooomboi 

mad. So say, nt least, somo of her 

gravest citixons. That was a noble lesson which 

California taught the old States last year, and 

it. feels proud at hearing honorable and appro- 

,tivo mention made ofit by good nnd lhought- 

Wo hopo yon will keep all that " ~ 

iu, and add to it, yi 

tor be ashamed to rend enywl 

r Stnto wants, to mnko 

icord wo shall 
All that 
tbo most desirable 
tho face or tho globe, is a civil history 
from this day. worthy the manhood of Amon- 
ians. Preserve that to her, and her future will 
urpnu our conceptions of those great elements 
if a State, wealth, power, and freedom. Keop 
( p in public lifo, the standards by which mon 
an live and grow in honor and self-respect, as 
, Commonwealth, end you will havo fewer de- 
partures from them in private life. 

Ono fools here, jealous and xealons for the 
lienor of California, ns for one's own family ; 
jubilated, in quiet ways, over your 
majority "to pay tho Stnto debt." "Accuse us 
gain," wo said, tauntingly, to the slanderers, 
■but whilo yon are doing it, show us. if you 
please, another Slato that has done so nobly for 
herself on California has, in tho lost eighteen 
ilhfl, by her Vigilance Committee, and her 
election to pay tbo illegal debt " 
One word of caution, Mr. Faimikr, and I 
ivo done. Yon havo yet somo bad mot) in 
fica in California. When death comes lo re- 
ive you of them, as ha good nnturcdlv •}<••**, 
ice in a while, don't let bim transform tlieui 
from living ruffians and dobnuohees, into gen- 
i — from ignoramuses into scholars, and 
from oorrupt placemen, into patriots and noble- 
itonishing how instantly and greatly 
dculb magnifies the infinitesimal virtues of 
public men. I have known him make heroes ol 
arrant cowards in u single day, and honest nice 
of the veriest rascals, in tho twinkling of an oyo. 
Wo exhaust ourselves praising men dead, whom, 
alive, wo warned our mhis mid brothers against. 
I do not eeo any great merit in a bad innu dying 
in office. It may bo very e-'uvenhvit nnd suit- 
able, that be should do so ; tbo most suitubh 
thing perhaps possible to bim, except l.uvinj. 
his place to a better, without awaiting that dis 
missal. But we nro guilty of something worst 
than folly, I think, when wo pour out oulogy 
upon n man whoso vices wo abhorred 
and whose memory in death has only their bad 
odor dinging to it. E. W. F. 

Poteen, Postmasters and Expressmen. 
bIbssks. Editors : At oar friends Messr 
McCrayand Kivercuiiie's we get excellent whinkey 
toddies. It is undeniably true. Dispute that fact, 
and tho whole superstructure of my coi 
tion falls to pieces. Jest listen. It was only the 
other evening that 1 had the good fortoi 
sealed nt tho comfortable stove in the bar-room of 
their highly respectable hotel at Miller ton, 
with a number of the steadiest fellows in the world 
from Temperance Flat. Tbey bad cotno to 
for the express purpose of receiving good 
from the old folks at home, and also from (heir 
friends in San Francisco nnd other places ; and 
not one of them had received a single letter, Ibcy 
hod come to the conclusion of hunting ml 
the most reliable penny-a-liner in our quarter, for 
the purpose of having their private grievances 
brought within public notice. As I have the 
same respect for miners which every other good 
Californiar] has, I listened to their several tales o[ 
expectation and disappointment with becoming 
decorum, and drank their healths again and again, 
singly aud collectively, as each man treated in his 
turn, besides tubing u closing night-cap to wind 
i with, to the tune nf "better luck next time." 
Now, Messrs. Editors, let me ask you, do you 
think it was owing lo the inspiration of some 
homely Muse, whoso words arc not sufficiently im- 
be translated cut of the original prose 
into halting rhyme, or to thu whiskey toddy, or lo 
itber spiritual influence— or was from mere 
accident, to Ih.- accounted for uccur.ling lo lllu doc- 
of chances— that I bad a wonderful dieurn 
that night T 

■sin the hotel again, with all my friends of 
ening nbout me, nnd a number or others, 
names I do not recollect to have beard men- 
tinned before in this place, hot who were so bent 
talking that cot a single one of our miners 
eoald edge in a word fur them. We hud con- 
verted ono of the billiard tables into our festive 
board, and they had douo me ihe honor to make 
uie chairman on tho occasioo. I really felt com- 
fortahle as I looked into the deep, old-fish i a ned 
punch-bowl before me, reminding me of olden times 
In a distaol land ; nnd also proud to find Unit, ns 1 
lii-llnl about the iiiiiiiit.ilil..' mi stiiru, every eye was 
fltileniiij; ileliirlit, and |ijr a time all minor 
considerations overlooked. 

neaa is business. As well as coming 
to the resolution to "toslu tbo barley -lireo," we 
bid coucladed to havo tbo ^ueitio rerula el muils 

id express^ brought under con side rati uud 

conseqeendy, oo the motion or Mr. Boulderllint, 

unartz-mlnur from Kern Iliver, with three 

strnkci of my lodily-ladlu I called tho mealing lo 

Mr. Boulderflint, who seemed a man of consider- 
able importance (at least in his own estimation), 
■poke warmly on the sobject. He commenced by 
saying thai wo had been shamefully misused in re- 
gard to oor letters and other matter, not only from 
the absence of proper supervision over thll impor- 
tant branch or the domesllo duties or the govern- 
ment, in securing to tu tho certainly of commoni- 
calino with the Atlantic Stales aod Foreign Coun- 
tries, but, what was less excusable, In the careless 
manner in which the business or the depsrti 
was conducted In our onu State. He pointed out 

tho convictloo in the public mind of tho nosafo 
character of our mail arrangements, tbo round- 
obont course the mail sometimes had to make, and 
the unnecessary length of time it frequently look 
, idler „t its desliootton ; end concluded 
by saying, that, although sending by express in- 
volved mora expense, he saw no oilier way in which 
a person who valued time, and Ihe proper d.spitch 
of business, could communicate with his friends nt 

He was followed by Mr. Bluonoso, whoso where- 
abouts none of tbo company seemed to know any- 
thing about. Mr. Bluenose said that ho lived 
away up in the mountains, among a lot of boys or 
therightsort, who were determined to stand this 
sort or thing no longer. He complained that not 
ODe-halfof his letters- reached their destination, 
whether far or neat ; and as to nowlpnpcrs, the 
fewhu did gel were in such a tnttered condition, 
owing to picvions perusal, that they were perfect- 
ly illegible, nod seldom received sooner than a fort- 
night after (he dnlo they should havo reached him. 
Ho said tbo boys in his digginga hud resolved on 
club-luw, nnd were determined iu future lo nse the 
cudgel on tho nearest postmister, whether ha were 
guilty or not ; as by so doing ho was sure cither to 
resign, which would not make things a bit worse 
than they were, or Bnd oat the goilly parties for 
the puipose of saving his own bacon. 

Mr. Barebono wished to call the gcnllcmun to 
order. His conduct, he said, was perfectly nnji 
liti.iUe. nnd he lot one had his doubts in regard 
how far the meeting ought to givo credit to 1 
BtaiemcaU. It certainly had a right to demand 
proor. K tho gentleman meant lo move resoli 
tinns on such a basis, ho should certainly propose 
a co ontor-m alien, that a committee of inquiry " 
appointed for tho purpose of ascertaining the r 
rucls, as his remarks contained somo very serious 
charges. Be believed Mr. Blocnoso's object was 
to lore tho legitimate busiocsj of tho Post Office 
into other hands. Ho was inarmed that he was 
connected with nn Express Company, nnd was not 
snre but he had heen cent by them, on this occa- 
sion, for tho purpose of making misstatements to 
servo their Interest. (Cries or "heatl" "bear!") 
He had strong suspicions that whether such was 
actually tho case or not, there were not wanting 
many who raised a deal or clamor about missing 
letters lo whom Iheir Mends hnd never written. 
He did not see any reason for supposing that the 
Expresses were moro reliable than the Mail. He 
considered postmasters were honest in their inten- 
tioos; and if nuy newspup'-rs were iiu.-ising, thu! 
they had either never been sent, or else had been 
stolen by Ihe rascally minions of tho Expressmen. 
(Repeated cries of ''order!") 

The Ohairman regretted that gentlemen should 
deem it necessary 10 use such strong language, 
and prop'>-e 1 that they should have another hntvl 
of punch before tbey said another word on tho 
subject; which WIS unanimously agreed to. 

Tho punch beiue. di-cu.—ed. the Chairman pro- 
posed thai Ihey should proceed to discuss the 
Other matters Ufore the meeting. 

Mr. Barebone again rose: "I fully appreciate," 
said be, "the sensible manner in which the Chair- 
man conducts the business of thu meeting) but I 
tell you, gentlemen, I am not sure oven of him. 
is ho not in some measure connected with tho 
Press? Is not the whole tribe too partial to the 
Express folks 1 and are they not repeatedly tell- 
ing us of favors received from gentlemanly Ex- 
pressmen, who do their business gratuitously, 
but ours at such a high premium? (Discordant 
of "Hear I hear!" "Yes I yes 1 yes!" '-No! 
) I say, Mr. Ohairman, I 

Useful Knowlndgo RoapoottnB tho Veg- 
otnolo Food of Man. 
DuniHO tho early part of tho winter of 1857, 
niter. II. Wood, of Lowell, Mw., addressed 
the distinguished Dr. S. L. Dana, requesting in- 
formation relating lo tbo cheapest and best kinds 
i[ food. Tho anfwor of Dr. Dana his been pub- 
lishedin lbs Medical World; it is scientific— as 
might ba expected, coming from such high chem- 
ical and phy Biological authority ; and It alsocon- 
much useful information, littln known to 
tho community in general. Wo will endeavor to 
present tho substance ofils most important points, 
iso wo believe such knowledge should be 
lalcd through every enrnor of iho world, 
prning, as it docs, tbo weir,™ of ovcry human 

Tt S b'ns been laid down asa law of physiological 
chemistry that all rood sot 
poses: one part, for buildl 

hlnml out of which conies bn ...» -■•■—■ -;™7~ 

the other part forms fat, nnd furnishes the fuel by 

t,i,h the animal heat is kept up through tho 

-" - . Food contains H'."d. 


PARSONS &- ... 

FLD/SHINU, n«r NEVl i (K| 

OFFER FOR SALE aa juwrtn of ^ 4 

Flints whiff, '!>'■> !'*■" '-'- 1 '"" r io me uf saia- 
tours, and bars l'---'l '^ '■ 'j r "^^'"'e^lncltni lad 



L . body, for. 

prize, -i >il 

it of 

When I 

I ai 


md I a: 

sk toy rights, and I will b 

avo them. I 

working-man. I cam my 1 

ring by hard 

md 1 cannot afford to give tw 

dollars nira 

ent by Express, Tor which 1 

would only b 

pay t 

. bits if 


■ two bits foi 
it had paid o 
uld only charge 
I not Eubmit 

ry, therefore, detol- 

o en in any kind or food, 

,1 ewe.-ie: the rehlivo value or that food for 
the»c |.uri..i:':e=. The starch, mini, fit, sugar, and 
wiiler anil occnEiOnally a portion of woody fiber 
or grain rarely ministers to tho wants or nutri- 
tion. These substances are Ihe foci formers, out 
of which fat raav be formed, which is as essential 
as blood. Ten parts of fat arc equal to twenty- 
four parts or starch, grape, and milk sugar in 
boating power. 

Life cannot long he maintained by anr food 
that fulfills only ono part of the process of nutri- 
tion. A man fed only e-u Hint lu.,d ivhich form* 
I, |,,od nnd tissue soon dies or starvation, and .so 
does tho man that is only fed on fuel-forming 
food j and if a man is deprived or certain salts, 
such ascommon salt, compounds of sul|.hur, phos- 
phorus, potash, soda, llmu, inugnesia, and iron, ho 
cannot long survive. And even if fed on all ilie-e 
three classes uf substances, ho will die of sluria- 
Jesa allowed a certain proportion ol re.oly 
formed fat, in addition to tho fat that may bo 
formed not of the other elements of his food. 
Nature has taught us the type of our food, viz., 
lilk. It contains tho essentials of four iiresi 
roups of substances On which nutrition in it. 
■ sense depends. The elements of milk arc, 
1st Curof, which is a blood former ; it contains all 
the nitrogen and all tbo sulphur. 2d, Butler, 
'licb is fat. 3d, Sugar, which is a fuel former 
heater. 4lb, Satis— soluble nnd insoluble— 
tbo earth of bones, potash, soda, and phosphoric 

ic substances which Nature has pre- 
pared for our first food— a mixtarc of four groups 
ir iubitauces. To suit human wants, according 
o its age, we should iniitnlc this best natural 
nixturo or those siili^i'ineid designed as tho food 
of man. 

In vegetable nnd animal fond there nro sub- 
tinces representing thu.'e .'oiilnined in milk. 
Jr. Dana merely alludes lo those of fish and flesh, 
nd slates (which is something new to most per- 
ons) that thu flesh of fish contains the same 
.mount of nulricnt milter, as the flesh of oxen. 
Ubumell forms gristle, sinews, membrane, luns- 
:le, nails, and is found in the iier>o lubes. Fat is 
i lubricant, assists l« form re I Is, and it forms purl 
md parcel ufall tho chemical changes which the 
body undergoes, and is required for more pur- 
than merely heating tho body. Sugar 
brms part of the nniuiul lis.sues, but it per- 
forms an important office in the changes of all 
i. It forma -lactic acid, nnd contri- 
butes largely to tho formation of fat 

The waste of anything essential to lifo, and all 
its healthy functions most he .supplied by a like 

ihstanco. Pood, therefore, is nutritious just in 
proportion as it contains thu elements, properly 
mixed, which go to sosLiiu ihe body and supply 

its waste. What is (be beat and cheapest f 1 

for this purpose J This is a great question, and 
one respecting which much refiuife information 
lias been "anting. 

Wheat, Indian corn, rye, rice, and buckwheat, 
are the principal grains ured in our Country for ._ 
food. Wheat holds ibe lushest place in the mar BR 
kct, and its finest flour— that which Is deprived fl£ 
or most bran — is the dearest, and tbo most i 
mired. This cherished flour— tho costlicst- 
actuolly tho least valuable for food. The Tat and 
salts of wheat reside chiefly iu the bran, nnd Ihu 
flour deprived of these, docs not con 

,it,1j,nl Apple* 

t caro in taken In tti. culllrn „( Fruit Tret 
io bullhorn of allowed lol 

The Ornamental De-tment 

.„. . M.-. miT.-lnr. .Mr...n, |,ne .lly Tbt» an 
II ciiolully gTO«B for those- wh> itro plaau u( irra- 




I uViiil.-yV:!'..!'.. ."■'"■■' 



i. 1'Lnr--. 

■■ 11 i; !).;. 

---- U.. .1 

.-II-', I' 


. . . ' : 

'i'iii'i'i: VI i'.'.ii'i'n",'. i-i'j, 




letter, afler my friend who si 
bit before, for which the mail 
tbreo cents altogether; and I 

Mr. Bluenoso said ho considered Mr, Barebono 
small potatoes. lie supposed if hi 
or threo bin, which ho seemed ti 
highly, to a bookseller in San Francisco, for the 
first number ur tho Atlantic Monthly, ho wi 
grumblu if ho were charged three bits mon 
tho Express Agent; but if as this not belter I 
that It should be forwarded by mail and no 

Mr. Barebone did not sec what potatoes b! 
little had to du in tho matter. If money was 
sent fur a Magaiino, and it did not come, the™ 
were evidently other folks who wero smaller 
potatoes than he was. 

Mr. HurdflU said ho had lislencd lo tho argu- 
ments pro and con in regard tn the propriety or 
sending by the Mail or by Express, and had 
beard wilb regret that those who ought to bo tho 
guardians of our rights were not oboto suspicion. 
Ho said bo had lived long enough in California 
lo come to the conclusion that there were many 
pcoplo in it who would bear walchiog; that tho 
question did not appear to him lo bo ono of the 
relatlvo value of three bits and three cents, but 
whelher rogues or honest men wero to bo counte- 
nanced and supported ; that whether wo sent by 
" ight lo be entirely nt tbo 
idual, but lhat it 

Dr. Dana places Indian corn and rye above 
wheat for oor food, ,'irnl he surprises us by giving 
oatmeal iho highest place of all— it contains ihe 
greatest amount uf albumen, its starch is equal to 
that ur fine wheat Hour. a;.d its fat exceeds that 
of any other cereal grain. Buckwheat and rice 
nro poor articles of food : „ne pound or beans is 
equal to three and a half of rice or potatoes, 

Li.ibliaitu eon tains a ^real am no nt of nil leu, but 

no fot, sugar, or sails, but il is excellent fur mix- 
ing wilh socli us potatoes, which 
In these. Oatmeal cake, bean and pea 

pudding sweetened 

baked beans 
rilh molos 

.. be tl 

: Iho 


Mail or by Expn 
discrglion ur each separ 
was tho duty of every 
country to take immcdiai 
evils complained nr, and I 
of letters, packages, and t 
by Whichever of theso n 
thought It only required 
tho part of the people lo 

no who 

i steps lo prevent tbo 
ako tho transmissi 
mney, perfectly seci 


The gontlen 

. singular dream 7 

push Ibis desido 
ild chcora so lou 


lull* to 


.' ■ 

Ornamental Shrubbery. 

: l i',h'!r'!s,,m , . l ., J !v',',;,i',', ii. n'l.-'Ii 

llacibarriu: Nr~ iioci 

Oil of Kale Fern— Tronia. 
Im Guy's ■ Hospital Ileporls, Dr. W. W. 
s published a paper couioining notes of 
ses of tape-worm Ironed by the uso or tho 
thoLuifrasFe/i'j: Afai. Inaboutlbo year 
Pcscheir, or Geneva, proved the valno of 
antasan Anthelnienllc in scrotal hundred r 
1 1852, Dr. Chriatisoii. of Kdinhor^h, nuhl 
paper on llsuso, In 1853, Dr. Chirtihon 

thu results or his 

l.venli ,: 
t led lo 

with D 

.flora single aosc. 

The experienco of Dr. Gall folly confirms t 
■xperiencoor Dr.Cbrlsiibon. In each of tbelil 
ascs, in hisown practice, as well as in olbcrs nnd 
bucareof hlsfrienils, the remedy proved olfo 

1,1. Ill,, ,,,e [ ,„-ati„„ „..,,| |, y [, r , H,.,|| wllH f 
Ultra,,! J'luclitf.: ,-/ It,.: rhiz..m^ in ,t„,ei 

one and a half I,. t m . 1 1 ,j i. 1 .Ir'n.-l , ,„ 

rginous draught. Tho average lima aft 
ministration of the medicioo, and tho 

a Qia 

To B 1>. ii,pv._A lotior reecived at tho Pate 
"Hie,, Irom Ijuriiianv, Pays, it,. p,.ii;.y i, ,,ult 
luthoru Gi 

tho i 

ubstituto for sweat oil. It has nun,, J, 
of the imported nlivo nil wholly i n Ih 
rther sjatcd that tbo soil ni 
States is high 


climate of Iho Now 
suited for tho oultu 
might provido tho v 
and thus savo a birg 
to Pranoo nnd Italy, 


ml Hi 


t in ii UK n of iuest. 

fltlj wWi oncd pleasure thai wo tsjbdbreour n»dei», 
[ D ,W9n,Iiicio(r,urncwroiurcc,lliO fcllowtng bcontlllll 
prtJoca™ oTUidnpiWicil Florence Percy, "a star lo Iho 
E^i ,- iac winaiiiiiey hM often illoinliutodibn poetry at 

:e Ladles' ScptmncBl hero 
nf IMl gtftcd writer la ou: 
(f our belief In the dcelrini 

Flireuco PercjibBt li 
ordinal HnroiKj-.l 

iqulbbbis of said Journals, hi 

. 1 i!.-l1' -.'i Trh.>J«olt there, n&ougbl mo to 

Bo tber Led tj- iloraber oppressed, 
> ■ dear Lannt, tvfcich J think of tu-dij, 

breech-pin of n gun which did tho mischief, Wo 
would respectfully- inquire of the Geography clapp, 
ivhotber Lhcro ire say Qsh in the com ill odious 
buy, upon which tho city of Moiico is situated, 
and if to, would tho; inform us, what would bo 
tho probable cost of catching and barreling thorn 
up read; for market. 

Now, Mr. Editor, I think it rather unfair that 
the young Indies should have tho inspection of 
all our papers, iu thoir primitive stole, and that 
wc should be debarred the privilege of inspecting 
theirs ; otch when ivo see a composition, it has 
been under tho hands of their preceptress, so that 
''ore is but small chance for criticism. 

When wo unwillingly made Iho remark, that 

Iho Wreath hod slopped operations, suc-h w.s t1_ie 

se, it being near Iho end of Iho lurm, nod in 

ire fun ibere was placed after the siniiTnent a 

|.|.,t-.-il cause, not with Hie inlonlioii ol' j-.rinj;, 

thu slightest degree, tho social rein li urn. ivtucli 

;isled aod I liapo sti 1 1 exist, bet ween tho 

Wmilbaiid Young America. We however ws- 

knoivledce be: .u]ien'.>rny niv.l Humbly bend our 

knee to solicit forgiveness for past (raii.Liv--]ori-. 

aod hope that now and hereafter Ihe Wr.Mil, may 

fjivu[iv n p-^Uiou above the Young A i i i ■.- r i . : - l , Mm- 

l..;uiii'k- t [■l-'i'iii:^ hi b-.' inly, iiitillicLuililv, 

slrengihondcourage. I remain, jours, Abbwo. 

rbi a Joyooi surprise, 
. abrlrht Paradise 

,, !r-i! . v.. -rL': 

5 |L!.,'.> dn :.;.'> '!y I" 


lulbat, mj tut anicr of Rot. 
SuELbou^h long □by*3cUd« tho dc 

I';, lriiit'; 1 

;:.[| I'i. ■.:!.., ■ 

Yting Amonci. 

BiONO been favored with a copy of "Yoog 
America," aTerjSpirilcd semi-monthly periodbl 
published at thi Collegiate Instill 
by the young gentlemen there, 
rused ils pages .lid found much lo commend id 
approve. Tho aumbor sent is very doally prir- 
no, pen/typed, that is tho style. Tho presil 
copy is Xu tuber S, of Volume III., and 
pages. The work is ntaily bound together t h 
tri-calaed ribbons,aod upon the cover a Godi 
(a bealiful woman of course), holding in 
hand ui evergreen wreath, in tho other tho sc 
Of Jusfce ; the American Eaglo sits perched u 
the Anerican shield of Stars and Stripes, holdig 
in hisjeafc the motto, "Justice and Jmnatlialir 
Round the head of the Goddess is a circle of fits 
whiloibovo ore placed a group of banners, vjh 
tho teoplo and column in lha Cent 
bears Iho name of H. F. Hastings, 
whole we esteem it a very happy 
one of tho best institutions of our State, 
happilj executed, reflecting great credit upt 

ITt bice extracted one of the articles, and sbl 
give it iho name of the 

Gallant Criticism, 
for like all literary works, we notice the riraV 
springing up between Young America andi 
literary wlrk from tho Female Institute 
but wo hope nolbing leriotu will happen, at let 
nothing more alarming that 

Mr. Editor! It apptstrs that our cotempor! 
the Wreatli has Ik-cii making the Young Amer 
the unworthy object of ils attention lately, 
nso natural consilience, lias picked several Qi 
or thinks it lias, in our composition, grant] 
smiling. &ci of courseit is ail righ' 

IPe ate very sorry indeed to havo 
displeasure of the Wreath, in such 
to warrant iu making public our i 
perfections, mistakes, &c. Having niwnyn 
Ihu gri-;il-.-!l ri-ii-tcl and veneration for that 
eiontKriul.,].; i-litut, il icoa with no little sur[ 
unci horror, thai we beard Df Young Americi 
being the bmI-j. ct .,1" si.cli unerring criticism. 

As 1 said before, however, we arc trery si 
indeed, thut ire did not know th-iL which WM 
Used in referring lo boys, or that "which br. 
(that is, if I remember rightly, tho mannci 
which it was written), iras not correct, wo hi 
always supposed that trAi'cA, in thai case, n 
definitive adjective, and showed what boys 
spoken of | but thanks to iho timely a&sisloe 

next lime, il being willing, shall write it ''ir/n ■''\ '|''' M ,' 
boys." The unfortunate object who spelled green ^ ,.,.', ,.V,i 
g-r-c-B-n, is doubly lo bo pitied, since lo his dis- ^[.dui in 
may and chagrin he his discovered that ho bajquiroinent. 
been spelling nading, r-e-a-d-i-n-g, while ihe','. : ' ;' r '- t ." 
proper spelling is r-0'd-i'n-g, il being « mien l'.[, ',.".'., \ u 
thus In onu of ihe Programmes of Exercises at 1'ui'Sla » 
tho Seminary ; also, that oblivion was spelled: 

unifold i 


100.000 ' 



THE favorablo reports received from our onjtomen lo 
varhu! Feolior/J °i the wunlvj, rcsiieollnn Ihe mp=- 

r :.. r .|n!>iitj' l .ftb.j n.'iivrii si;v:i'» t-otaioed in iho 

lveed°iu to adapt aiiinlUr {.Ian in [.ullins up 
Collections for Largs and Small Gardens. 
Cho 6csd» f,w Iho following ua»n bcon islcclcd with 
..,!.,,„- ir-iiillK !.■.-« i-aiiL'liciill culllviitifflB, ood coo 
recommended to all love re of good vegetable!. 

The oolleolioos aro offered a» follom: 
. 1— Ojb^IU! t',!\,-:,.! iiir.i'.r n inrje Guricii for 

^.■],',',l , .."(:J.„i:',i'. •'!-'-. ■''■■■ ! ; , \;':;.' l ;^i'\,\i l i' u mB w 

S,Sri' , . ,, L -'l,' l '. : .;Vr'{ '■.'■'■. l'"-!"!-, „l'" r :" , i' 1 
Sollilj, H^L- I'h.r.l. 1'' 1. 1- 1 -, I-r;:ll'-i.-, ILlinbisr ^, 
Sw«[ rir-.L !''.: II- :1", ■"■ I "i"'-'", l, ! |,l[ '■*'"' -''• 
lullniirj- n:;i .. '■ '■' ,: ; | i: '[ 

NO. H— Ceaplt!' OV-r.-lii". l-ir njn.l.r-il.' «lio Qenlrn, C0M- 

nrlCTl^-ln propurlluu 9-J W[ 

. . _ -Cmbojb ColJnilni for awnull Gerdon a* w 

The qajinlllloi Included ill toe abovo collecllorj will bo 
fooad delalled a. lea C lh la oar ^ VkcIuU.. .- V...-I Li: '.- 
hlch will lie v-ue'i oboai tho lUib of Jaouarr, 1859, and 

K. i:.— Th<- s.-i-l- 'Till l... , : .i rcfol ly i-iBked la lln, and 
i..r,-..,rli.-.ny i;.i|,rf,:...,ti ! ih«itUc,islliorarehiiMriiiar 

,„, »—8assaf!5a 


tS>U STANf'OiU' ■■!:! '.- 1 

11-1 flflC^ GALLONS POLAR 
1*13 "sTANfORil WHO: 



1„„ L 

O rjrj{~) GALLONS SPEItM 0] 


1.000 p ™*:»gl™'; 


The Largest Family Grocery Store in this City. 


WE hare again replonilhed our iteck, ana aro naw 


al Saa Fraielico Eiuser. 

lent or Fine Tone, Coffee, Spices, Bird 
American and Frtncti IV-ervc. m.I 
„rl.. ler flai M10L-, EnBlllh and Annsrl- 

■ui", Muitird, Ei)„-|i.'aiaai:«, Salad 


A " hI'bevsdlm (t CO, 

■**" D.ri. «icrt, Ben FniBdd 

Samrlca of SIRUP aj rannufeitntea from tho Can 

1,1 JST DD SE-Z-is 

DonblB Acting Hotary Force Pump. 

TUISiJ no..-.- i'u U ,|,, (■.I.:i l '..-lir. ,■ Tiicrir.i n:i-l I/d 
l.inJlol^.ViiJClt.rti-roru.;, W..ll..,Mi.i. ■, Ki,.:iti. 

1.1:,;: ■: 'n I ■- 1 '• T. tm.-o 1-jn.M-y I111.J, I'r-.iu ■■[!■. t",.*.e 
1 1 ; r . ■ I r c-.l !'.:.'.; -m.'I ■:■. i J , b ■oi ■■lj-J i.l|.| . I, ff .i_] vl- 
3 860. 

I I a fall doseripllMi tcm 10 all parli of Ihe 

.....reoopoa ge, ju.. ,':_, ,'_"■;. 'j, -{";{\ ■•-"• 

n> i _ > ^ MJNhn Jti,.,t.N.v: V.TkCilj. 

In? lo tho 


The Collegiate Institnto at Benioia, CaL 

THE School Year a! Uiti fort itn tioa, (j divided Inr. 
tnotenj." ..f five U.MI.ill: ,::,-:h Ih-j .= l-.':inn. Rll 
.. I : CI ul. rl]„ ■;■(, i,[ J.-.HU..C-, ....■! 11.-! .'.II. ■■!' ; ■'... il., 
..'.. ]., • ■..,,....! f. ,».\„ 
To (ho Pair n.ef Iho Iiulil 

. That 


I-: :.!,.,■ !■:. ■ 11 il.ri:. -ill:; tl,c An.:l- n' ..I. 'I "■ ] ■ - J L- T I > L.-.i.,:.l:i.r..:, 
i. I, il,.:.. , ■!,.■., r II.'. 1 .1 ' m." .'..HIM 

a have Iho bsfl IcncUerj inlhoSlnto 

■ b-liv 

■.nil"- -'.:h 



,.j| itii- 1 

.. ... jwing probably, lo our baring hoik- I.iil i,, rl '„'i'ii ■„ .;.r.i 1 1 ■ ■ .- .'■!■■ !■. rn l,i'n;:n.i.:c.., S'i 

Webster's Dictionary at our wliool, that we have .ad Pfiri.: I A-.-Mii- f life, n> iho elna ooi 

toade such unrorlunate blucdcri ; and I think V^l,'; 1 . "' " LaDeunB " M 

"it would boagood plan lo appoint a com- & .1 .,!■. ... 1 of roellationi aod dapertmon 

upon tbe young Iodic 
Willi on hemttii petition for tho name of tho die 
tionar; ubicli they use, aa by ils acquisition we 
may p ih .[., ij C a (j| c ^ Bpe] j corrK1 |y by cost 

As we have , ^^ lho pcrsonif, anion f se ]f. 
conceit uo^i^i,,,,,.,,,^! ^„ lvrl ,. L .^ i ml! . i |. u i|._.j 
words, ic, It is not to bo wondered at, llial in 
11,., Lv.ii-nce, 'lho ui^fa of ff]li( . h [fac 1Tic( . is 
composed, we sbuul 1 ,x,. lt .,, „ in t hat manner, 
-.vhjlo r,: :.„<(,„. „, ,t,. ; UhtralMry clans, it should 
I • I rosscd, "tho fibers o[ wo f cil lhe vic ^ aro 
■ivo also been informed by 

those most perfKl" grammarians that -horse" Is 

o proriiiOM, u-r, a,., sii-l, stupid ,1-dU tbalrwe die! 

t.-.t .I,:......., rt.-K 1,1.,,,:. II,., .li^.jMivuappara- 

ally strorij- lo be in wortciajr order, afitr a cannon 
ball bad torn its way ib rough him. Wo bad, 
•erroneously 0/ course, supposed that it was ibo 

. :i„.i I. ,.1111.1, 


To Seedsmen, Planters, &o. 

Great Collection of Strawberry Plants. 


riu nil Oulrii-nt-.r." of lha SlR«oeriy 
.n.Uih'inl Ihe Slolc and lh?y 
:,,::-< |.r.-|.:.--::lU' ■.lf..rlli-!Ii-l.>M.:-!i-ri 

I. , . aou aij^havo been fully looted aa lo their boat- 

,-.'.'. (hare ihll lledlti luihaut iho loaaon, iu iho mar- 
' ,u or Sao Fraacifco. Thty now oiler Ihom lo tho 
ililic, irilh lho insurance ibel tboj will not only prove 

|,m|,. :,,.. i,|.,,-,,^J.l.ur iL|,rl,r, i.s Ihoirconslant 
I. Lrl',,;.|iL..lili.- hr,vc-!.i 1 .-".T.1 lli,m, Uity liv.13,: r,. 
ceived the hfit [insinlumj at all lho L.hiblii ,n ■ ilus- l..r 
Iho prcseal rear. Tho subscribon offer lho followinE 
kinds lho present iciioa 1 


Thi« maciiilJL-fai r»n u m-.l 1 -_-.l r. r 1- 1,:,.. ...ia laarelsfrom 
.ill j.i.J ju L-.i-iffRiH. I..M, .-.. I., ir.r.v. ,.||. ,.,-,. , f U.iv.r, 
IU foain.rV.abln site :■--. if^u.ioe 610 lo >lx 

ij:-h in. I ihe abun- 1'. ■■: l- •■ Jitl.l- .Ibi. beea 

nDeiBllr.ulsptBduono vl Ito lory Us: ii'.arkotahlo 

IVbltoreitnaybeeaiiir ■••*,-; i-.n-.-r ■. . ■ splendid 
(ruiuboald bo cvran ic eierj rlii.:,. 1- In lniso, 
L:-iu!iiii! .iiidd.-H-.'L.-Kis .-. I .'iti t -.::(• Ibo highest 
prices in the ma, toL .| t 1 .,, -1., ScMlotoaon 


Thi.. fauv-ui firawbtrrr i.-' fully up tu tho Great namo 
It lieere, nod is oao of Ibo beet variolic; known. The 

Til;; -nl ■:rK, : r-. l..ii".- 1 -.■!-.■ Par.;., .(■-:!: .r, li:.i. ! 

il ii, aud I', r i.iiitI:';!, ;ii)l | .,:■■ [,.- -.-i--L.ii._- ..;d-.-r> -t !"r. 111 
10,000 to 25,0-0 plinti will be dealt nilh on rcry liberal 

As Ibo undonltroed ate fully abto to supply tho market, 
parcbuen will do v.- ..-II !■■..■ ui .n il,- .,11..:, ..f ■„,., ,-.f 1I..1 

Slini, °thoro°! inline as clo boTcon^and al«° al"lbo 
i;:i,.|v„: .,1 t).,v|.ii.:l, wliLT* lermi and orieee can bo 
known, which will olwajs bo Ibo roait liboral. 

1T0LP, LUSE t CO., 

Eruwacnar PiASTATioaB, 
N. B. Samples of lho Plants can bo toon nt_lho officii 

Seeds! Seeds! Seeds! 

Jl'iT received l.v i:^,^., a large aaorlmontof rnE«n 
FiKi.n r.,-,1 ijAiun;:; .--l.i.I'.--. .h.j v.hi, ...,,,. .,„n v 

revive l.j-,viry .,!,.,,,- ;■.-( lb- .-i,i. ■■',.. fr-.ui llio l„--'l 

(oly with canudeneo on any seeds they miy |.i.;dn', 

All r.. 1 ir.ia thaconolry, accompanied wltblhoensb, 

Ril1b..|lfl,l|.tlV,-.1F..,id ( .| I.;,, Ill r.silMllllv UICSUH-I,r„Uli.,.nM 1,. I- ITALLii:. UaliiLvi, :f.,r- 

"aidtd Li. parlius duiirirji* ..iii.ii., ,c-A— l;-l. WLLIo, and Yellow. 
Ciblirt. ■,['- Carrol, of soils. 

II. ,I-L in-: V.'hil-; .-ik-lia !'.■ 1 Mi.aralw.tisol. 

Extra Beans of ,lid,r t „l liii.d , 

FliulT eteda.of allkinus. 
Tone seeds, oi diiiiTcnt forts— Lx Jt -o Orango, Black 
L--:j- I. Il-.noy Locusts 

On»ns BB1D9 — Tlmeihy, Ky IllocjTJja, Hed-Top, 
L,,.,, „„.] l'.;.,-i:n.-:., ULivi.tiIIiJ an. I lVliil-j), Winl«r 

""niVo Mae-Oniaary, MUlol, Bad Hemp. Together 


THi; „i,lT,i. T n,l, uefworta Iho late 

linn ■■! J. M M. ,-.r. , : . '.'... [,.;■■. -il.., :i„Ilv 

■ In.. ■, Li, li i.i ii,. ; .ii'i.iaiie 514IM and 
Eorope, nddlllons to his already large 
assortment nf cholca 

Field end Garden seeds, Flower dn., Fruits 
do., Tree seods, Canary, Hemp, Millet, Bapo 
and Haw seeds, Herb seeds, French 
Bngar-Beet seed, Cbineu Sogar-Coiia seed, 
which ho nfr Qr , l0 lo0 rnrmors ond lo tho trndo Ihtouirh- 
■ ■iil il:c.-i:,i.. ..,, III-., r - 1 1 - ■- rr.i .. - Tin: ,11 .ml v.i.l. -,,;,.,.] 
r.-1-ill.iti.n..fHii. li. ,,.,., II, ;:i,i I,,, lliil .. .-,,,!., |, ., 
nnl-i |.|..:.ilT,l lull,, i::,.l.:rn Sim,. u;.l Lur-.j, (.,, 

■iir, c«„i.iiil ,.,, ,-,,rv ;,iii. |, ..,1,1 mil [,,,,,■-,, ,ui (., 

Hi, l.l-l, .-ill ,r-i.-. ,1 ,.,-[.. My s - .i.i.-l. M,..i. ,,| 
il Hoi Ubn^'NoVYo"k Md '"" apbjlh ° Bbnl "" 1 

1'i'i-l'l. l'.v f'|.',,.l,!, : u':,'",,'dii r rf.' ,.,','.. ,7 ■''-, ,','Vl.' 1 '.'i 
1 - " ' " " ; ■ "1 " ' r ' " 1 'l "' :, '" : ' '■ '''""'"''"-''-''"'"•"'"e'llhroaEh 
0*TALoaocs fun.i in. 1, .,n ni.piiciiiion, with pilcos 

For aalo, wholesale and retail, b) 

v8-l n -3tn 

etall, by 

i. W. J100RE, 


Fr..i, i:.-,,. 

Alfalfa Seed. 

Tim-i;.,hu .1...!,.- r„. 1, Aii.,ir, .^ ,i.« 11B b, „ W ,|„ 
either ol rh ilbl 1 1,. ... 1. 1 .11 • .1. i.-..-. ... .,.'- . . 

WAIU'.llN .-. CO. 



tL nursery, ■ Ka 

l,o American lUver, BS aUta »™ U10 


-*- Patrons of 
pablic, Iwth 

Proprietor has the ploasnro of offarlog 
- -nroestabllsbmaatUiBp: 

if TREES that tvill be offered lo Ihe 

eslablUhmootiho pro. 
Till bo off. 

All Klndti rill IT TREES, 


And also an unusually Ono crap of 

B E E3D S . |i| 

All of which ivo offer upon as reasonably 
low terms as thoy con bo had at any 
reliable establishment. 

Nectarine, and Plum Trees, 
Aro very large-sized, many of ihcin of very supe- 
rior 1I10, malting it an object to persons who desire lo 

early call, aod oiamlne far laonuolvcs before purchasing 
olsowboro. Fir tho convonloBco of pnrohasora wo bavr 
divided onr trees octordi lis lo tho follunloe soalo of 1I10, 
andponoas in making their ordarswill ploaso lotnon- 
Hon Ihe site thoy wkh, as follom : 
FromSfentto G fool biibi 
Fromfifeetlo TtoothiEh; 
From 7 feet to 10 feet bigb. 
Wo call nartienlar attention to oar splondldsloekor 

The Finest and LanoEHT in the State, 
ombracinc all Ibo finest varieties, and of which ho c 
fnmlsh Irees In largo qgartllios, and of tho rorj Eni 

1 acquire tho 1 

its ad dine lo 

t c,l|:;;li..o 

to inn 

. Ou, 

pply r.irlit! 
vnrietlos aro 

lion, than the] 
from uno or tho most nnuAoLn ooeocia is the 8a 
and having boaoinepienledhoro by os, wo can sell Ih 
BETTER TUBES than Lhoj- can import. 

Tho immense quantity of fruit sent every yi 
from Ibis establishment to Sacramento nod San Francl 
irpasscd fe 

nd Hav- 

es for being 

'In tho department of 

Shade and Ornamental Trees, 

Fe bare a very lino slock of all the leading rarv 


The Greenhouse Department ia quite full, aud 

Is nneqoalcd by anything of that sort in Iho Slate. 

Garden Vegetable Seeda, 
Of this year's crop, Bno and of Qrst quality, put 
np In paekagat, all tlict, sullablo lo the trade, lVu- 

For fuller particulars, see our new Catalogue, 
nblob ivo nlll furnish ocaiio lo all appllcanta. 

D3-A11 orders, sent oilhor by mail or expien, ao- 
eomtanicd by tho cash, nlll bo prom pi I y a Honied lo. and 
Tree, carefully picked, lo carry safely 10 any part of Iho 

>8-13-Goi A. P. SSIITH. 

an Tho Proprietor of this extensile aad noil-know 

'-V- ■.■,,.;■.. ,„[..r I,.; pablialhal ho has for sal 

■*-,(,:-: i-.„,l.r, „ l:,r.:v :,i,.| vcrj ■-■hulco stock of th 


lituoa oo'ejiarolJ Ap^.tai 

Fig Trees. Raspberries, 
Curraitli, Gooseberries, 

and about 20,000 Grape tines. 
500 lbs. China Sngar-Cane Seed, 

10 pnnni! and n-half being a 

1 '..lif ini... .1 .id 1, IbenihTo Itoona and reliable. 
■:■-;.- AH. t. I,., .Till I,. ,.!|,lly attended lo. Thooi' 
-,,.i..l" (.iicliLng aad [r.-kht if III be ctiaiKcd lo lha poi- 
huor. Torms owh. 

L. A. OOULD, Pro|,riotor. 

71,,; V.iri.-li.:.. „„i.-,,l „r Arado, Pear, Plain, Cherry, 

l'...i:-li, A|.n.;.it. f.eclarlnc, and nil lU ,],..:|..| | I. I.i 

fniillniesrorlhoOrch.n.l and I'rli-ui^ Ijnrden. 
II,., ai,.|,v.l.r,„-,l l,„vii, t - I,,„| 11,, ^...m.,,1. ,,,„ ,„■ y,,,,,. 

Trees lo be wlul lho T are roprcsonred, ''Zitt'ihoVihej- 
ha«tall»n rain, la oiToroi choice a collection as can bo aie inviied w vljlt ibo Nunory, aalhoy 
!;'.■' Y' ' - : "-i.'l""l-' "!ny of lho Trots andlhn prlio 



5 0,000 



fodk miles rnoi-t s ak iiEAbTDRO, 

Million of San Jose. 

«b*S£>, THE snbsoriber troold rcioecifnlly Invito 

AW-'. • !::■ ■■■< 'i' '■!' nil lb'.- "i-binjf In plant 

„ 1 I II II 1 ll oiiiia.-IVinUT and .-|. line, 

W5Wffl»|0hi! oilen-ivn :,.,:< . .1 l-iil'IT TliLL'.-, 
,\,, containing nil I lie .Uk, " vuri.-llr. ..fl-inilJ 




Throo variolic* ODTtRAKTS ; QOOSEQEttBIES, and 

c^^ DAILY "nV'tJUMliLNG KfJSES, §®g 

Ills coltecllon oinhraccs over Two Unndrod different 
variotlcs of Frails, tho meet or which here been graded 
from bearing trees, and will bo warranted trao lo lhn 
label; and all those varieties that haro nut frail od havo 
bean selected with tho greatest care. 

All orders for Trees most bo accompanied wltb tho 

Office. Alntnoda county, or 10 11 KlBO, 151 Clay stroot, 
San Francisco, and thoy will bo promptly filled, and tho 
Trees packed In good order and famanlcd as directed. 
All persons ordering Trees most slain eiplicltly by 

My Tress aro gronn entirely nilhout irrigation, oonie- 

qoeotly will bear transplanting on any variety of soil. 

Prices of Ttbcs. 

APPLE TREES, two vests' old : 

Largo <EfC, Alned with law bad/ - £0 ccauesch, 

Standard Trees, rm pear eloebff, Iwo yoarw from graft (1 00 

Pr-fir pah"! oa lie Anelcr. Qulneeslock ■ - - 100 
>:■;,.„ ■b,-i.,-.rLnj: Tree* ISO 


Tivo ymr* h flrnwrb, lirr. 1 -I?'-. Ii.iJiil.I ..'.jil; lo;v heads 1 00 

Extra largo BIQ selected 1 Si 

One year's cruo-th from Ibo bed • 50 



Cherry Trcci -100 

Well rooted, large slEO -.-..-IDfJ 

All other Trees and Slipjbj mil be cbnr?vd In proportion. 

On all onion for one thousand Trees, or apnnrds, a 
discount of (ob per cent nlll bo made. A moderate 
charga will be mndo for boxing treoi. 


3 0,000 



^^ THE Nursery ia located second block northcajt of 
^SihanoivSleam Flonr Mill, on Sovonlh slreet, San 

Tha stock eoosisbsof over seventy varieties, carefully 
selected. Ho pains or oipcc'o haj boon spared to obtain 
lho best sorts, nnd tn render these Trees what I hay are, 

in California. D. T. ADAMS. 



Sllunlcd on the Nnpa IUvnr, nt Snacot PcrrJ", 


j!?$i$]$ THE uin'.ersittntd wishes to cnlljM 


Also a choice lot .,f GAltUHX and GREES'- 
UOVSE PLA.WS :l!< >*r.s. sll((UBS,$c , 

Comprising all of lha Vary l.le-1 V-iii,M... ,.f Caltivalcl 
v s Frnils, soeh as 

ivi'l.r.., rr.\cn. rwr, \ irr, unsr.. .win- 

C:>i:<iii.i:i:Y. .n.'N'.vi., i;r/.vr.'.-. -, 1 riu n;t:L.~, 

<mt.i.-£it£i;t:r. rri:ii.i.M; r,- s ,i n.israsjisr 

Together islth a Inrgn let of 

rimiilin^ m [.irlnt BIik.-Ii M'l.lnal, English Walnut 
(..., Jl.. Li,, ?;„,!. .liNl-l 11); 111. i. rt, l.lui, Wc^piii,; 

Willorr, Locus I, Sugar and Silver Maples, do. 
Grape-vines of all the Beet Foreign and Native 

Tho Frail Trees offered for sain aro all budded and 
(rafted from the be-1. 1.5.. -1 i,|i|. ru. .-1 ini ( ..[.ulur i-aiir- 
■■---Iwcultllnli.liatL., riiii.;.l>,.,l,...,„dKuropo: all 

. ..ioh are gronini;, un.l r:.., u,.j-,my ...f ,■.-!,;, I, 

liivi. rruiifJinoiiroi™ nrcbards and vluoyards, under 
our own lie modi a 10 Inspection. 

Our trees nro nf ono and lira year's' grow Ih from Bad 
mil ilr.iii, lliril'iy iiuj id Inrsa eiio; all of which havo 

Wo would call narllculnr allontlon 10 our largo slock of 
Applo Trees, nhirh 1 r tii'.r ..r .;r.„iiii aad beauty of 

!.,„„,.-., 1. l.. ! .,l|...|.i,llioSlalo. 

Our slock of ( 11T1-I li r-.-rd.-u-'; I'lanls, Kotot 
•brol... ,1c, 1.1'1,11-r! '.. :.ll (hi: l<::,,il..:: .T'li'.-IU-., mi.-t ,| . 
nrafcklnrbouuLityiiii! |. rival.' rimdi „, resldeneet. 

r.Vl.tUinri^f'.ntaiiiints full liM.jf all Ihovarietios 

ivlll I,,. ],j-ooi;,il>- ailcaded to, and 

-7^^r~oi-"Ll^QBISriA. JFAIRMEjR. 

t\}t dLnliftrriiia farmer. 

rrBUrciBCO. FBn.AY,JAHl»M*J!^ 

lottert- ind Exaaangm 

.1 our prioninaJ °ta«, fin Franc 
0.I1 naif periodical' « llb " 1 "™ ' 



TBo Glorious Btehth of January. 
One Sew Volume. 
Wo fed this doy a propitious odd to issue oar 
ncn - Volume. Liko the years of toil and struggle 
ere closed by the tattle of Now Orleans, 
o look buck upon the toil end struggle 
through which wo havo passed ; end wr — ' 
with ell faith and gralltudi 
ended— tho victory is won. 

Four long years have we bent ell our energies 
t0 ibo cause in which we ore now engaged, and 
thej hove been years of toil end struggle, « ■ ™» 
L'contest which dosed by tho-tory of h 
8ltl dayof January. But ours has not been a 
Btrire of blood; our* bos been . work, of "peace 
and good will- Wo "nuBeaoed by thi 

to el);' 


and ability of the 
orious Stole; wc 
iojien of all par- 

plowshares" and "spears into pruning hooks," 
and now w« an look back upon a "glorious vic- 
tory" achieved without blood end without strife. 
During the four years past wo on say we have 
never passed a harsh or unkind word among our 
eoicmporories. If we bavo c^iono.iv^-lilted 
Iho lance," it has ever been with tho kindliest 
feelings-more in sport than in anger ; and as we 
look back, wo only remember tho many kind- 
nesses received. Wo wiih success and prosperity 
ir lo build up, not to pall down, 
can never enter into tho warfare of 
sciarian strife. We have no sec- 
tional or party lines, but strive to Bud the good 
everywhere, and tho bright side Is what 
Wo believe in tho great powi 
Industrials to bnild up our gl< 
labor with and tor the wohkih 
ties, creeds and sections. Tho earnest, indi 
and frngal worfcingman wo love; ov^r thi 
State wo End them ; at their dwellings t 
been welcomed ; at their social board w 
fared sumptuously. Tho mast sumptuous board 
is that where tho generom icrfcome gives a zes 
to tho food. With tho workingmea wo havo la 
bored, and with them no will contiuno to labor 
their interests are our interests, their prosperity 
our prosperity. 

To those who havo been our patrons wo to 
oar sincere gratitude on the opening of tho 
year and the commencement of a now voli 
Wo trust wo shall continue to receive their I 
cooperation, and in an increased ratio. W 
lend to labor with all earnestness, and to di 
more means, more ability in coming years 
we have yet done. 

For the past time we have labored alono on 
this sido, hut now wo have one by our sido who 
will, liko ourselves, do all that can bo done lo 
make tho 0*urotl[tia FaBMEb tho best journal 
on the Pacific coast. 

Steadily and surely havo o or subscribers and 
patrons increased, and wo aro proud to say our 
lists of patrons havo swelled op fifty per cent, 
within tho past year. Wo ask our patrons (o oi- 
amino this number, and judge if wo aro not wor- 
thy ol their continued and their increased support. 
Our aim will not only be to make our Fahsieb 
tho true exponent of tho workingman's interest 
but the friend and advocate of bappy homes— ti 
build np and beautify homo ; and for this purposi 
■wo have secured and intend to secure tho very 
best talent io tho land for our "Ladies' Depai 

tho past, or tho clouds which hi 
this glorious State, both In ber financial and bum 
ncss interests, we look to tho future with m--" 
hope, for the bright sido is yet to cc 

aho has been " 
alio bos not 


in Agriculture, 
enter npon tho 

great field of enterprise to which sbo I 

Her works w 

the best 


derfully adapted, 
proof of her well. earned tamo. 
ier prospects in 1854, and «" 
S5S, wo behold her power. T 
.nd tho Geld of ea-poriroont was a now one ; now 
tho sun shine* upon her fcir and burnt- 
;pon hor majestlB hills, when, herds of stock arc 
grazing; hcrTnlleys and plains, from which an 
abundant harvest has been garnered; orchards 
that havo bent beneath the weight of luscious 
filled with flowers redo- 
lent with porfuruo— wbilo her presses have been 
ing over with wino. "The earth is full of 
;lory," and abundance seems showered upon 
und. Who cannot say, Indeed, "Hail lo 
California— Garden of tho world!" 
o lime has arrived when the publio mind 
rccted to tho great improvements within 
all the boundaries or our country. Tho cry 
raised, Shall not Industry bo mado pro-cm- 
ent, and shall not tho science of Agriculture 
i better regarded among us, and become among 
en an educated art? It is indeed a worthy 
bject for tho energies of great minds. Much 
is been done fur tho cause of Agriculture by tho 
iding govern mon is of Europe oven. Agricul- 
ro has mado giant strides from tho Atlantic lo 
tho Pacific shores. What can compare with the 
ogricblturo of California io tho world's history ? 
Tbo New Yearhusindecd opened upon us with 
smiles and sunsbino. Tho cordiol greeting or 
friends, tho social re-union of kindred, dear as 
our only life, has given the assurance, that hero 
in California, oven though gold is tho reigning 
idol, there Is still blessed socinl enjoyment to bo 
found. To those who so kindly greeted tho 
stranger in 'a now land, wo would e 
warmest gratitude; may their path: 
strewn with peace and prosperity, and troops of 
friends gather around them in life's bright path- 


"Hope on, hope ever," has been our mott 
with it wc shall labor with confidence and 
Wo throw ourselves upon the generosity of those 
who yet know us not, but shall know 
will advance with true hope. Storms may hong 
around us, and clouds and shadows cover u; 
through the moontains of life ; trials and carel 
may assail, and lash their burdens on our should- 
ers, bat amid it all, however severe, wo will keep 
that bope,uD til apon our brow is placed thi 
of triumph. As our Let eland within tho goal, 
and tho Eden sunsbino falls ai 

ho glorious hills and valleys, wo will look back 

tho psst, and feel wc merit that repose which 

rrounds us in our ovening days. 

With all the kindly greetings ol 

= a»y— „ \ . 

interests that shall tend to strengthen 
Institutions that can mako California a 
prosperous State — the Homo and the E 
As wo have bald, wo havo called in I 
work. One who has labored 

o [hi 

Howard Park — San Mateo. 

TUB loto rcsidonooof W. D. M. Howard, Esq., 
now tho Estate of Mr. Geo. H. Howard, ot Sou 
Mateo, can truly bo named Howard Parle. This 
is ono of tho largest nnd finest Estates in nil 
California. Wo boliovo tho grounds oompnso 
six miles squaru. tbo ontiro area from tho great 
stage road to tho sea. Lawn, bill and nolo, 
woodland and lake, it reminds us mora of tho 
beautiful Estate nt Chotsworth (tho Duko of 
Devonshire's grounds), thnn any wo bavo mot 
thissidn of England i and any pnrsou who boa 
visited that noblo Park will agree with UB. 

Tho mansion is largo and in taste, 
in keeping with tho 'lawn that surrounds it 
Hero, as at Broukeido, which joins this pleeo, 
it is surrounded by largo nod finn native trees 
of tho Bay. Holly nnd Buokoyo; tho former 
being now in blossom, and tho fragrenoo is ex- 
haled npon tho olmosphoro around to tt groat 
dograo. Soma spaoo is devoted to a garden, but 
tho ohiof portion of tho front ground is given to 
tho lawn, Since tho doceaso of Mr. W. D. M. 
Howard, but littlo has been done ia gardening, 
as tho present owner, Sir. Goo. H. Howard, is 
more busily engaged in stock-raising, and who 
has roooatly imported some of tho finest blood 
stook that has boon brought to this country. 

It will bo rooollocted that Mr. H. returned 
from tho East last year, and brought with him 
four splendid animals, two balls and two heifers 
(Orion nnd Young Bolvidere, Hopeful and Miss 
Nigbtingnlo.) Tbeso splendid animals nil figure 
in thn American Hord Book, as being owardod 
tbo best stock of tbo country, and will prove of 
great ndvantogo to California, as will bo seen by 
tho stock that will speak for itself, from these 
aires, tho coming year. Mr. Howard took 
premiums for this stock at tho Stole Fair, tho 
present yonr. 

Wo saw the animals, and they are indeed 
noble oreaturos. Much is to bo hoped from 
them, and if wo had spaoo would give tho pedi- 
gree of each. Wo saw some very fine Merino 
sheep, nlso, nt this plaeo. Suoh exhibition of 
good stock is most gratifying, and wo are glad 
to herald it. 

Mr. Malono, who is tho herdsman at Howard 
Park, showed us much kind attention, nnd af- 
forded us all needed opportunity to view this 
valuable stock. Wo saw much olso to admire, 
hat must defer further remarks till a further 
visit to this famous "homestead." 

WUlaid'a Pntorit Hood-sower and Hnrrowar. 

In California tho cost of labor is so much moro 
an in tho old States, that all labor- saving ma- 
chinery will bo highly prized, and with this view 
shall always take pains to bring into notice all 
that tends to this desirable end. Tho preparation 
of tho soil by good plowing is tho first groat step 
towards a prosperous harvest ; next to plowing is 
tho pulverizing of tho soil by the harrow, to pre- 
"fortheseed. When tho soil is prepared, tho 
next wisu step ia tho quality of the seed and the 
of sowing, und for this purpose and to this 
are glnd to introdnco Willards Patent 
,wer nnd Borrower, os ono of tbo best in- 
i of tbo present doy. From tho tostimo- 
3od in the Scientific American, aad from 
soorccs abrosd, wo havo been induced to 
proenro an engraving of tbo same for tho first page 
of tho Fabmbb, where it appears. 
In tho last number of tho Fahseb. wo presented 
o subject of a Plowing Match to tho considora- 
jn or the Executive Officers of tho Stato Agricul- 
tural Society, as wo believe great good will result 
from snch exhibitions, and as wo knnw every pit 
maker in tho State would bo glad to test tho c 
pabillty orhis own plows. Should tho Executive 
Board ofter a plowing match, these Seed-So 
could also bo tested, and the various kinds brought 
that tho very best could probably be 
known. The owner of the valm 
seated in our journal this week is here, ready and, 
ious to test it beforo tho public, and wc sin 
■\y trast tho Flowing Match will bo hold bj 
early as possible. 

Wo have bad a model or this Seed-Sower at oui 

office tho preseot week, and have tried it. Wf 

fully convinced of its value, and we therefoH 

cheerfully recommend it, with the following twelvi 

itrong reasons in its favor : 

1st. Simplicity of construction sod unquestioned 

2d. All metnl except polo and axle, and conse- 
qnently durable, and not likely to get out of re- 

3d. Iniurei even distribution of seed, and is in- 
dependent of winds or fogs, which often interfere 
with sowing grain. 

4lh. Its ndaptedness to evenly distribute plaster, 
guano, ashes, lime or any other palverisablo fer- 

ath. Its perfect Jndaptcdness to sow nny given 
quantity of seed to the acre. 

6th. Tho motion or the cylinders being gov- 
erned by that of the hob of the wheel, the same 
quantity of seed will be sowed to tho acre whether 

To Our Advertiser! 

mill bo our aim to do as mgood as la 

possible to those who give us tlpatronago; 

" a our circulation is largo, etontliiDBliy 

increasing, nnd extends over a[ Q B p lal r 

ry, wo bavo it in our power I g reat good 

Wo bavo been obliged to lay o Kmo ] Br g 
and valuable advertisements, botlm ii,o East 
and from this State, our space bemoro than 

ur Urms bio in advance, e ndverlise- 

its which came lo us with promise of 

prompt paymaut (that promise being kept) 

"(ft out; by roforenco they bD known, 

vide extent to which wo caiake known 

any impoi lant business, wo feel, Eld secure us 

prompt payment. 

Directory of Advortiaeta. 

Acknowledgments.— To B. K. Bli:-, Si-cl.- 
an, Springfield. Mass., for a very fine collection 
or Flower Seeds, put In oniquo packages, which 
perfect order. From the long 
ib ova well-known establishment, 

d ihuii 

veil c 

re introduce their advertisement to 
s, and which will bo found in another i 
Till bo promptly aad ct 

All order, 

i and for us 
on the Atlantic side, is now with us. Sido by 
side will wo work for tho objects wo havo named; 
and as we shall each and together havo mnch lo 
Bay In all our future numbers to oir friends and 
patrons, wo "ill now offer our clo-ing lentenco 
in the earnest wish'of a prosperous nod bappy 
Now Tear to all our frieods end patrons, and 
lotrodoco one wbo shall speak briefly io this 
number Tor himself. 

It is expected when a new face appears at the 
editorial table, to hold communion with the read- 
ers of a journal, that matters not of an ordinary 
nature, but those of a personal, familiar and bene- 
Ecinl character will lie presented. 

The Junior Editor of tho CALiFondui Fajuieb 
would come before the patrons of this long estab- 
lished journal, apon bis arrival in a new country, 
with all due defiance— with the most kindly feel- 
ings and most earnest wishes, yet with the raosl 
sanguine hope of a pleasing, happy and useful in- 
tercourse with those who arc to make the great I '"G slock, can be had, 
body of the Industrials of California. BUOW ""> Cat alogue 

A loog separation from those near nod dear to 
him ; a suddeu meeting ; tho living over again 
many scenes, whose changes havo cast deep 
shadows, and death made cruel havoc ; the union 
again of tliow whom n kind Providence has still 
spared to greet the stronger in a strango land- 
will be a good apology for that .lack of interest 
which might otherwise have been expected from 
ono wbo canes to lake so responsible a post 
the ono assigned in this important journal. 

To tho new comer all is now and strange, yet it 
is grand, beautiful and interesting, and a little time 
will enable him to unravel what items so Won 

To tbo kindness nf friends of this journal, thi 
co-workers in the good work, ho will look foi 
forbearance for a brief time. 

Whatever may have beau tbo discouragements 

fully fi 

As this branch of business, particularly choice 
Seeds, is assuming so much attention at tho pre- 
sent time, wo would invito the attention of our 
many readers to the advertisement of Mr. Bliss, 
our now volume, and bespeak for him a 
arm encouragement. 

To Messrs. Ell wonger & Barry, Rnchcsler, N. 
Y., for a Duo collection or Fears, which were sent 
lo our Mr. J. Q. A. Warren, Tor exhibition in 
California, but the delay of Iho steamer, and tho 
rapid ripvning of tho fruit on the passage, pre- 
vented their being rcceitcd Tor uihibiiion, which 
we deeply regret. Messrs. E. & B. have onr 
warmest thanks for this especial favor, which wc 
slnill take occasion to reciprocate. 

To Messrs. B. & C. S. Haines, Elizabeth, N. J., 
for catalogue of choice stock. Wo have prepared 
notes of a visit lo their Farm, by our associate 
editor, which will appear very soon. 

To Hon. A. 1). Conger, Woldberg, Itockland 
county, N.Y., for Catalogue for '57, of thorough- 
bred Stuck, comprising some eight hod of Ayr- 
shircs, tivunly head of Shorthorns, and fourteen 
head of Devons — all carefully bred from the best 
bourns. Several head of Southdown Sheep, i 
folk nnd E.-.-^x Pigs, from iiniwrlcd stock, 
■Iso included. A fine opportunity fur thu^e wish- 
_J -o shall bo pleased 


Tuasis— Received.— A number of very f 
Melons were kindly sent os from Jos. Lick, E= 
of Santa Olari, for which ho haiour kind regards. 
i received many kind invitations for the 
Year, from various sources, both public and 
private— for all these we return our thanks. 
Prom John A. Warder, Esq., President of tho 
uoinnali Horticultural Society, a Circalar, on- 
mncing tho preparation of a new work on Fruits. 
To tho Pomologista of the country this is wel- 
come intelligence, and wo cordially extend our 
best wishes for its early appearance, when wo 
shall notice it as it deserves. 

Circular of tho Alameda Collegiate Institute, 
of Alameda. Tho names of tho Principal and 
Assistants aro well known, and speak well for tho 
shall refer to this Ii 

This ono of the most beautiful spots 
the circle of Sao Francisco. It is tho i 
residenco of F. W. Mncondray, Esq., om 
olik'U rL'iidcnts, and ono of tho most esteemed 
merchants, and wc can say one of tho i 
cessful uncs of tho Bay City. 

The mansion house at Brooksido was erected 
for homo comfort, in modern stylo, airy, npocious, 
and elegant. It stands back from tho stage-road 
about 500 yards, embowered in a grove of oalivc 
trcesor the finest giowtb. Tho sweet bay, buck- 
eye and holly-cherry border tho Pan Slateo crcck ; 
that sweeps round from tho left of tho lawn tt 
tho rear of tbo mansion, giving it a picturesque 
appearance. Tho grounds in tho rrar strelch 
back, gradually rising, lo Ibo hills, wbile tbo 
heautiful lown in front, the fruit garden on the 
right and tho fine conservatory, with tbo other 
outbuildings, all erected with taste, givo to tho 
whole that peculiar pleasing appearance that a 
finished picture gives to the eye of an artist. 

Our visit to this heautiful spot wesa short one, 
yet wo wero there long enough to admiro that 
excellent judgment which could plan and finish 
so charming a homo. Wo regretted tho absence 
of the proprietor, whoso, tasto ond interest for 
horticulture wo havo known ond appreciated in 
tho Eist many years since j ond as wo viewed 
tho grounds, as wo saw tho collection of choice 
pears in tho garden, the grapes, figs, cherry, 
peach and other trees ; as we examined tho fine 
grapery, wo did not wonder that from this pli 
came the_^ue»/ grapet tliat vere ihtnnn this year 
at the i Mechanic's Fair, ond at Stockton also. 

Wo bavo never seen a finer lot of fruit bu 
upon young treeslhan wo witnessed here recent 
tho ehorry especially ; down tha entire branch 
and oven the body of young trees, were full cl' 
ters of fruit buds. 

We most heartily approve the high stata of 
cultivation of IheF-c elegant groundn, ui 
also pleased , lo nolo Ibo preparations of high 
trellises for training fruit trees; they must ii< 
well in this climato. Tho nso of the muscle sbelli 
also upon this heavy adobo land, together witt 
manure, is admirably adapted to enrich the sol 
and keep it molten bio. 

Wo observed a largo and valuable collection of 
domestic fowls, dairy stock, ond some line Merino 
sheep. Theso oil add lo tho comforts of homo, 
and build up tho industry and improve the re- 
sources of our State. 

Mr. Q. W. ftlullen, tho gardener, who very 
kindly and politely woited upon us, deserves 
great credit for tho excellent condition of the 
orchard, conservatory and garden ; it speaks well 
for him ; and wo think that next season tho 
abundant crops will testify well for him and for 
this plaeo. 


e fust or slow. 

7th. The harrow being driven with about thrice 
the velocity or ita driving policy, nnd in the oppo- 
site direction from its forward motion, tears in 
pieces any stubble, eod3 or manure, leaving 
them behind, instead of drawing them into bnnehes, 
as in the common burrow. 

Sth. Having but about one-fourth of its teeth io 
the ground at the same instant — aided by tho lev- 
erage or tho pulley and the lifting tendency of the 
chain, as well as by the wheels of the 
powtr is required to operate tho machine than tho 

3th. Tho teeth of tho harrow are screwed 
id may he lengthened or shorteoc-d at pleasure 
10th. It covers tbo seed as soon as it falls, thus 
aiding tho pillage or the birds. 
11th. It is provided with another set of cyli 
ders for sowing grass, clover or alfalfa seed, if it 
desirable to slock down land to gross while so 
g it to grain. 
12lh. It will sow and harrow in, from fifteen to 

We have good authority for saying that, from 
mses before named, the yield of grain sowed by 
lis machine will be from six to ten bushels 
ic acre, than from hand broadcast sowing and 

We can only say, in conclusion, that thi.' imehirv 

ill bo shown over the State by tho present holder 
of Iho patent right, Dr. H. Hewitt, Vfhl 
nppi-ar." in our c"luinns,anil who has also 

; circulars giving full description of this valuable 


jugUt to b 

Grapo Culture. 

A thorough preparation of tho soil for the 
growth of the Grape-vine, is highly necessary. 
In order lo insure success, every means in the 
power of tho cultivator should bo bn 
upon deepening and enriching tin 
border or vineyard. A light, porous, virgin soil, 
made liberally generous with manures of slow 
decomposition, is the best. 

Many who havo limited practical acquaintance 
with tho necessary requirements or the Grape 
vino, orr in selecting uet land for tin " 
Because they require profuse waterings, i 
stages ef their growth, it is no reason why the] 



camber £rcd,..L-ttanJl Ue 


envy tho owner that homo, wero it not that 
feel that one so public- spirited, and one that has 
done so much lor California, richly di 
Long may ho and his estimable family onjoy that 
happy homo. Brooksido is twenty miles fioi 
this city, and opposite tho San Maleo Hotel. 

should bo forced into conl 

wetness. Tho vino suffers by being forced 1 

ind in wet soil, whero the vital energies of th 

ml ore expanded in milling ibo killing infi 

cos of continual dampness. 

Soil light, dry, deep and rich, is what tb 

nut; and water, applied by artificial niea 

freely, as soon os Ibe fruit commences its socc- 

iwelling. Attention at this time odds much 

he size ond bloom or tho fruit. Wo havo 

article on iho above subject before us, by ( 

skilled In such mutters, published somo ti: 

■ in-,; in iti, ; s,i„ Andreas Independent, onoofr llltLT-;.1lll^im..,rjijr i:.\..l |f,|, ,-,.. — .,,. I,,,.], |>, 

the apparent |irn.]ii,-„l :„-,,, i llm[lu ,.,, .,, ,(,„ ;,. n 
with tho subject, we will renulilish next. wetl:. 

Apple Squash Seeh.— Those desirous of ob- 
taining this seed for their own uso, or for presents 
to their friends East, can leave their orders at 
our office, Tho supply at present is limited. 

Tha Ban Francisco Fost-OIEce. 

Wo often hear the praises of the No iv York, 

ostun and Philadelphia Post-offices, their effl- 

iency, dispatch, &c Now, wo belico we can 

is good a PosL-olSce in San Pancisco as 

oftho world. We have ourielves seen 

bo postal arrangements of all tbeso wa havo 

icd, and those of all tho principal cities of our 

on ; wo have seen the great machinery of tho 

jOndon and Paris Post oIGcl=, and He venture 

ho assertion that for prompt, for dls- 

oofd latch, for quiot ordar and regularity, none can 

our own Bay City. 

i bavo ortun been behind tho scenes, and 
ssed tho workings on the arrival of the 
Eastoro mail and its distribution, and tho 
cgular departure of our up-river mails, and wo 
that for system, our afflca cannot bo ox- 
eeded. For nil lliis desirable binKess the present 
'oslmaslor Wollor and his able assistant and 
ithcr aids deserve an honorable regard; and wu 
moh pleased to notice tho pleasing result 
if all this cheerful co-operation among those an- 
;ed in tho Post-olllee, which was made known 
Christmas doy. On that day a very valuable 
gold chronometer waicli, lull juwelled, was pre- 
sented by Assistant Postmaster Ferguson to 
Postmaster Wollor. The cifl was spontaneous, 
iiid was presented by Mr. l'ere;ii.-uii in nil earnest 
ind heartfelt address, as from him and all tho 
th continue^ clerks in the office, which was responded to ia as 
itiful and feeling a manner by Postmaster 
Waller. It was a sincere tribute to a worthy or- 
and iho whole mailer was ono of pleasing 
and permanent interest. We wish wuhndspaco 
publish tho address of eaob, for both wore me- 
inioes of truth. 


■ Gail 


i that 

" " ..UMi-ii- .,oo of the vorr but AmltotjiHn, rhofi. 
grajilu, or Dmriiormoljpei, tl is but an act uf ilmi 
jaKlce ta ulrcoi taora lo lull artl.t, who I, cuir rulrnUu 
tol). itllaoai „ tunorlor on tho Pm1b„ (Jout, if wo mid 

'■;'■»>■■ .lU.Mliei:,!^-!;;,.!,,,.. ,,,,, ,„„„,,,, ,- 
Qallorj— that will eoiiIo lbs quaiUon ot oooa . T 

What is Itl 
Wanted— A man for Pruning; must boa 
good bond; wages SW." 

Such is on advertisement which appears in ■ 
morning paper. Now, what is Pruning? Is it 
wonderful species of promiscuous curtail- 
ing of vegetable limbs that requires judgment 
lensurofo with tho amount offered above; or 
a process rtquirini; a/Li"((? Again wo ask. 
what is Pruning? Will some practical i 
er our interrogation 1 

Em Mat 

■ Hoi bl— Among all [I 

than tho San Malt 



,.b,. i.i.l, ,. ,, |, ■„-,„,;. r.iro.r. Sir. L>.k l tbn pruont 

|'"=lw. un.j hi, ,.,.,ui,ii ly n.- ,,.| ,.,i. ...... it ■■- I" 

iIici.iiM. i., *n ilulr i^.mU, anil thru tbo lluum bu 

booomo ik:un ...Ii j populi 



Onr Now 

Wb shall mail tin's number to nil vvboro iro 
tbinfc will feel on interest in California—to many 
who nro riot jot aubscribors, M a «sn>p!o P*P°'- 
and hnpo they will oeoome gubscriuors ; and 
thus help n Q Ibo work of building up our Stnto 
and stimulating the industrial nod agricultural 
resources of our liigblj' Favored land. 

Wo shall mail it '° fiomD wno uavo OC0Q suu " 
senbera heretofore, with u tvlsh that [hey may 
renew tlioir sub* orations, and tlma be iu weekly 
ro«.ipt of that kind of information which is of 
more importance than politioa, party or soot — 
nud we iro^l a generous response to otery 
paper wo send out. 

Oon Festival. — AsRoroe ofo'tr eo temporaries 
have, made a kimlli mention of Ibo honor done 
us by our friends nit Ibo Cd of January, and as 
we tve re greeted at our ulb™ by a glorious bevy 
of foir friends nod Iheit liege lords, beaux etc., 
vrtcin onlv iMIOrn Our thank 1 ; Io iho fourscore 
that came, and s») tbst no itill endeavor next 
time to bo ready fur all our friends, and give all 
due notice. The surprise was a pleasant onB.atid 
we felt happy in finding our printing office re- 
sound with hippy voices, and to greet faces beam- 
ing with smiles. We tontura to say that never 
were lliero a fairer or brighter host assembled in 
a printing otHceon [bis coast. Diamonds shone, 
but bright eyes shone brighter. Onr friends 
were happy ; our typos tvere happy ; our copart- 

IB- 10,000 ponndi of ALFALFA or Chile GIotbi 
jut received end ftr (»lo nl 20 conu per pound— bj lin 
bag only. Mj 1> gathered from the lalcttcmp. Apply 
to S. BRANNAr.*, 

,1.1 im Conier Mcitsomcrr »no CUIuraie .Ira 

Dsy We havcjuM received Inn the Iiiut tome of thi 
cioicc.l FLOWEit and Khar rnro SEEDS, over rec* ire.: 
in i'.lii.mi.; amont; there a email invoice of Fan 
LAWTON BLACKHERKY— the oelylollo Ibo country, 
nad warranted freih and pure, orop of 1S5T. 

The collection nas mudo by Mr. J. 0. A. Warna, and 
broochl 0D1 tir bin. on lut *toaia«r. 

Alco, opening-, * ciwot FOREST TREE SEEDS-IB. 

.r labor 


i g others happy; and 
God grant all may find it a happy beginning for 
n happy new year. 

To OrjR RcADcns asn Cohrespondi 
Lovo! by Edith M'Hiiivssor, will appear 

week Tbi' vuln:il>!f hht'-ry of Locusts nud 

Grasshoppers, by A S. Taylor, Esq., will 

commenced next week Manuscript copy 

, from Alice, on filonnd will appear in No. 2 

Lines addressed to a friend on receiving n Port- 
lolio filled wilh writing paper, hy Mm. S. II. 

Clarke, will nlt.0 appear in onr nost 

We hove a moss of letters nnd communica- 
tions, ell of which will receive, dae attention. 

Suitisa the session of the Legislature, the 
CeJifomiu, Stmiui C.-mpany mil dis- 
patch o boat fur Stitrj ntci, i.very Sunday. 

1,10-SIVFB! ^alpp, teajap-iltn; ftaiilu, 
• doc; iloir?, si met; VsUiqd, is s a'« p n. 
■3— Calory, 13* * le^OiLstucc, MtPdoii 
,'d.ij j Tirclj.., Ste f deK'Cjullfloii-er, 81 SO 

>„t.!o«, *PB! Irbh Pantos, HMO ndy 
'itf B: fried Ochre, 81 f =>; GrtCnrep 

fc P a ; CtcHc, I7'« : Efp, 15c p draco. 

F lad, m jmnc an 
iei>™ br t3.IT do. 

On Ibo Etb last, at Swrameuta, joddtnlr, Fiobevci 
only child of JnSan and Addle Warren Howell 
Ton nnt child hail l«ked upon M r fair earth bot 

ooj ro.v-.d, „„.! ibo cH h„ r] u [ D„ Ln „ aeb[ L[ ^ tJ 


33" WE HAVE Ri:CEn'El> tuvoml c=k. of Sen 
and R.™ Pi ut *. »od .boll nalvo rot,™ b r the nnt 
ttWBgr.TjerlhToroiperfateanildoratllra. OatllOgnU of 
-aBBiMlw ban:! r,'. ,,., ■■<:: ,.. : ,ii, r ■_;,„ Ymr-iday. 

cp- KHORBtnura inuiaou and mun c .m- 

J. iL TUOttnUKK it. CO, 

; »l(o,»coojpl«roaHortoientorAirleullural Boolo, 
choowouldinvholhe attention of nurcuilomBre. 
nk Foreilor'e Ilone and Dorse nmnship of Ibe 'Tolled 
SuUMjoi-orotuma; the fjncsi=orliuf the klod ever 
pul.lL'b^l in Hii' i^innlry. cau nun- to leen at our office, 

• in different Mjlej— Plain, and Turkey Ant! 
Diving Iho tola ogonoj of Ihu ralunbls work, la Cal 
nii, wawuold invito lorera of iho beautiful 

and those entering their nawts bolore the 20th Insl. 
receive tbii nork at Iho ra.liett daj. 

ady Foa auiiBcniiiERa. 
mmawHeruert's Great National Work 





Gormantown, Philadelphia, Pa. 
ffiS rncludv.1 in his bminess the collection and 

Every Kind of Tree Sccdft 

Iho l-j rornanlcl l.j- L'iprtj-, ihi.ulJ 
have mode urraneomonL, iDr Iho receipt of rhoianio.or 
remitted chon;ci,u all loch rrelchl mud bo prepaid 
without eicoptiaa. Hitherto, ■ MtL-faclory guarantee 

23 A. FROST A CO. 

Hi Gnu. D. Ciccx- 



2 118 OL*Y STBBBT, , 

lfo„a.n.t comer of S^a... ^ 

f Amtrfa of J. M. Noeu &. Co., O^Anus .!««.> 

IS Collioj public r.(i™ii..n tn nur SEW SEED STORE 
»0 llceu. n Icorthoncd B..licj Lii,[,cLL-.:ir y . We wiuld 

BOOKS, &c. 


THE bell on Baa si/apf.d variety 

T3 tli,! kin-1 In" ;i'l„] It 1 fur rulli v . n i ,>ji on .lump, loam] 
"ill i;r..!t Wlic-o .-iiKiv.-u.: d'. nfiur f.v. yean, lacy ofio'r 

Brinckte's Orange Raspberry, 

. bundrfd fl| Mpordoien, 

Pina Red Antwerp, Frnnconin, Knevatts Giant, 
and Fas 10 If Raspberries, 


To Soientifio and Practical Agriculture. 

ibnreh, and tbo lain J. P. N01IT0OI, 
'n.fcuor of Scientific Aplcullure in Yato 
Odloite, Koir Haven. 2 rdli.Rojal Octavo, IfiOOpajjci 
and aumerout Wood and Steel Erjcmvingr. 
Thl. It, confenedlT, 

Tire aiosT Co)tPt,t.iE TVobk on AantcDivrr/itB 
ovor puhll.hed. und inurdor tu pve It n wider circulation 
tiio publuherj bnvc resuh-cd I., Ibo prica to 

lVljtu -r r.r iiy irmil dr-,-(-pii<l|l'i C.ilif.imia ondOroiott 

...:'; .'.! .to! r^lisf r^Th'ii'Uk'lfnn^ 
nld "Uu-jc of the Fnrm," 

i.,i, ■ -'i..' ■ ...,,!■ .■!,.. .,,,.. "'' ' "" aa "fPtotiltural 

D3- Roiultlnnco for the ahovo work should be ad- 

' 1, l J V i >:'a [ ;' j i ' .- ..- A CO. 
23 lm 54 Gold Krcot, Now York. 

New Treatiso on land Surveying. 
E. C. El J. BIDDLE, 

Tr.-inise r.n Siirvcyir.g. by S. Alsop. In ibis 

-, ,>i(... i.'.:.,ri I.- ill;, !y r.. r. |,,ii-' I . ],,,.'i.-'r, ■.■[.' i'','|!-,-'|'',V 

d tlicj itool.l roptTltuHy li 

Uriltendtn's Tre 

cordial li? and iara«tlj n 

tuary iuut dvhd iwsTANrLYTo 



V;; "' : " "■'■ "' "ip: Voii-iiu or TIM 
OALlIORMi ^li-'Si-:_H; » i.^ DA., 
Coalril-ulor, u Ir.mthoEut.are 


J. d. u., "ti-isn," and others. 

".m"";, 1 ';,' ,';' ; ^ I ; i;';'-^^lTi|,nU^ 
DUM^il, - ! '' "' '( 'J t-T."' P'ii". K ^ r >0 

^ w.i ia^i ,».di« ( ,i.i,„. 

«i.arklln B C«ur„ r „,„ 




150,000 ''^T^ rSiffgfi W1JEAT ' n ™ 

,,. ! ,... J i " N :' r ; r - wt^lb"*: c 


tttr-ecu S«™oe 1 ]i ( , KdCollbrTl|lnraUi 
SAN FRASanco.' 

... P ' T ' ""E8, TroprtBor, 
° f °"°orlr ol-th aA nBfc., E.unm.,0. 

117E?" 6 Mel0Q nn ' 1 Cncnm W Beed 
*V -■;■:'' ■•■, ■;:■■..-.,.■, ■■,.■.-.', '.-1>W.£ mfi.. 

OTwWuU^tJoa. ^ WARI1E.1 t*JS7'" ,1, I 



rer (O.UiJJ uppU^Uoni bsvc been 






inMbo,bjDro e fUij 


,\ 1 zvu,^™ o, "' ^m '' M, 



K£l Br™l»-.y, Kow Yort. 

J PESCO.S.— Lad 

Inventors and Solo Mnouficluron of Iho 

PatcDt Anlt-Fi'Ictiun Avie Greas< 

II . A. Dnt'ER. 
_ 327 Chestnot street, ^ 


purea rjujillty giotm, 



[nTMuf l4rdueuqud Abode, nud bdapial 

^ii'tu"ibe^S^ l 'Sc'|^j™';"^ A "^'; j l ;J ii ,, , ' , ' l r 1,Jd ' 

( 1 -" ,r '-"' '■■ ■*'«±H l;,|-in,;lll|.. I,.,l u ,[ri,,| Estlljlli:,] 

.' '',-.'". £ '\ '■{■■■ ",'',' " "■ : " ''■'' : ' ' : podillj had 
* l"i:.ii.'., (■,i!;?. J !.-,, : -''"' 11 "" """boAnlJIcon oipooto. 
BOTm /r™. ri. /t^r, 0/Uj 0lM , /jJoJo „ Bdflifa . ,„[ 

,. . | "' : ' | ' r, '- l -"" i - "■ •■■■-'<■ l--~ 1."". li '*HI l»;r«uu»tllH 

lolteparl laiUicr 

lodlrtdoilt, via biro eilhc 
b Uioujli ut i town j dISemi 

I,,: Fi.lrrr'L* J'i.1y r -riJlu LtaJ I h rccLlt 


> i Viw'i [{'-"";"„ h'!:,'''""v"' ' ,, ' l!l ' L: -' : ■ ,, ' : '■''■'■' ill--"!'.-' 

I ' - V- RO™J, 6tt.*t FlUU * lld0ra ° n,,al * 1TnERB ' 

Native IHih-, ami BrauOIcs. 


rralo to Lhe tndo lu leu to nit, by 

''•' 3la HAIHSEVAI!! DUOS. 

:elvod f.,r Iho abovo planut, al (hi 

'*' ''!' f "' '" '">' "'I ■.!>■■.■.', i'y ID- 

F. TROWlllllDia;, 

Bcitfamiii K. Jtii-f-s 


^"(Gariltii, Vegetable, and Flower©; 
iSfe seeds, ^a 

'Ml.: f-r-.-iN. .1.^ nn.J i-.,l|., „1, , tt ,l „..,-, r im,,.i I , i r 
.i,,-!,.,-.,,-,,,,,!,,. .,-,,, .J, .„,|,],, ,;„„■,.■ lr , ,„(,,,,,,], 
A de.cnpllve c;ilal..£uo Kill b„ ™ui I., nil opplkintj. 


F.iMbo acc'.QHH.i,L,li-,n ,.f lii.jc »h„ |, 1[a ( | M uulllvalioa 
mcplof FliliVr '<■'■ l'ri " ,'' : |'' f'l ' ■'•'"'" " llr . lw W a5™"t- 


| Harness, Saddles, Bridles, ££ 

n.-j-ltppalrii,. ptompUji nl 


By JACOB scuheiber" °" a "' 

Mnr.udii-rur... n.,.1 n t ,.| er la Bedi, Rl 
aWcUn? 1 '"" l """"'-e io 'hu JTl 
niri^aS^/j 1 * D °«E. 
undBavlneniBdo B rro!ieeBw77^.Tr^ ?, , 

So. 173 Jacluoa.lreat (3d door belo K Kearny) 

Mtt ill 1 " ilrly " 1 ''" IK' til.! Inl.r ,| ||„,„1 

Sliced Apples, 

50 "rihf BBLS «"° »- BB- Anple^uu. to 

p>" n "' t_ Tllll,; » D"".*na and F.ftv casra, In 

''■' *' r i' : '-'"-'' '' -Mb" [■..r,l i ., 1 rw,ll n.-i, ./,!:,. 

il'a ABaoniMEsie, j^,i ni .. u [.ivid. 

Book-kccpinp. Tho 

ili'li'li'-'j' 1 . "|" K '"' ^, '" ' " ''"' "' I"'"'''!! 1 '' i» i-i Si k 

'.'. Or, riuiji.: „.,,| i.i..|.i,!.. r, irr -. i.,, i.',,i,ira m ScIioala 
J- 30 do do (or Hi.-li A-o.,,1-, 

„„ ,!' ''" „ ' " l;T rtii- C'.t.i.u:,; IS.,,.;.,-. 

1 - 11 - -■ "■■ '■'■■ ..'■'■ •- V:.r:;. I':,ii. : >. ||.;,l-,. i ,,. „,...., 

C'1-..J.I, ."I 1.T.1I-, !.: ||..-.ii:,. . |,.. : hi,..,.,,,., ,1., .■,-,. r| ..,,i 

■i ■ ■:■■.., ic ■ ,:■., Ui , ■ ■;,:-..i i r i/'„, : !..,,'/. ,),'.,!, 

erntnro. 7\ce 

i ■ . ■ ■!.-:.-■■■ ii .■' A.j'ri '"."";, '.j :',". ■[!'"■!.! 

■v ''■i| V ' ■.'i'ii'^i ■ i'ri'r ~' ! fl ' lll;ii ' i-i-''i''Ttii: 

r«r |iriv^iiJj(niV "!!:,,■ j, ;;;i' 1 , ,Vr'7j l Ji l ' l ' :s0 ' i * , ' r,:hm 

ii-VL-loml'-i Anicricnn Litem tore. C/ereland's 
irriwn on the: Ili-s-, Proprops, and Present 


II' , Till hr- ,].-!■.. ,„!(., LITK FUTURE, AHT.atd POLITICO 
ill,. :i:-i i-r rut. n. tii^fic u. ini.i. nl:, 

Tii.-y .:,.!. i.i . ,i, ,.; ., ... |: ,i,' ,.".',, ', .'.' || ', i ;. '. ,', ';' ..' '' _ 

■ ■■'•, I u n 1 1 y 1-. in-:';, ,,:!,■■ 

p-n, „ r .ii.,,;.-. ),;;, „;; n .;, : '.Vi v : ,.,,., v ., r ;:; , r,™...";,.';;; 
■ I -1..-.1 1., ..,,,,1,-,,.:.. i.,i;. , r „, ,...,,, ,,.,. ,„.. , .;.>.. ■ ■ 

^,ll.l.-,l]|-,„Llv .,,.;, ,,.,...,. ., ,,.,. b r ,,n;,.- : ,-„.!,,,,.; 

i-iiii -.n.r ... t ,.r, ,.;„..' i. „ ! ■■,,.!,„',; i, I/!,, '„;.'.: ■.ii;';,-!, 1 ! 1 .",!! 

vl'-r.-Mr M^,"-"- 1 ' ' ; """"''' *'"'"<■' Mj U""«r, ..!,,!„:; 

tbo , "o°".")7'°Ironr n '* UT ''' Ul adr v™™™*. thoymdoln 

i^ ; .ya.'.,i l ,i,j l o;>....;';,^.^i , !: ;r ^;;;,;X^;';j|;,|;; 1 ';;";: 
'■''■■'■'■ ■■■"■■■'." : : ■:?,:,ti'r:r ) ;",r!:.:,;:^ 
'l l ; f; l ';;- F, u' ; r l,l| ' : ' i ''"'" '■" '" '"'■ ; "^ , ?W 

U'T. t". Ij". l'li.-|";,'-. ii"! 

■, |'"ii;o 

■'.'iuriiij- ivV,^ 
.,ll,,r,u. rj- in 1 

';'"'"■■"; "■■■^yl-ll ! -ir!ci..,,.i.,:„„ - ,>',■':,.,,,". 

Attention, Fanners I 
BrondcaNl Gialn Sowers. 

1 bt "sofv'Elts,' 

,',;>, ll„. : . r ..„r. n 
It Tcbmu" Sffllli 

■■r,u..-.r,.l !>„ 

>iiui l *»°i,T ,Bl 


■Id I- i-.irli. „ 

ftto,ih«nwwa n, u 

The leonardi Cauliflower. 

T' 11 '.". '" ' '■■' '■■ .'i!ljd:.-.T-^ f l™ alnady airoaUbn! eiorv 

-■■,' ' :: ; ■'•""■'■■'•:■■:..■'":. !!',;.:,;•:, ,;■■■,:'• ,'■,.!' 

twpoaadpuk^i.j; "''''"Vird'Hi"-'/"™'}'!!;."' 111 '''' 

A Splendid BuU for Sale. 

' -City 6,,., I.I 1(11 AM Hfl,l_,,„, ; , : 
-»D! ,,,,,ii,j „„ i,,,,,-,,!,. 


no. llMtnav. Author ol 

i^u^?bo^^3*?iSi 1 ot Tlr ' >,l K^" ,Coiu "'*' 1B " 


AT il.i-. l:.|,,il.iri.lii-,,.iliiiiiu.(.iilontlboro 
■"■■ l.'.U'll.-T i ,ii l.i.i Tn.;. i..|.' i,jv- 
NO IVlLll ANlilAl^ ovor eibibllcd un 

Ataoag them may bo teen the Grictly Boar called|...!i., " l -iKlilii|.'i J wrl.::ii.l 1 -, ul „l, lu i 18 |;„:, l1tl |i r ..- [0 
I.L'.ir, ,u-u,},i,^ „.,..,„ ||,,;, ,.,.„„,,. ,„,.,,. . ,,„..;. 
] !l ^ 1 "';* I '■■■.'■'■■'- HI'- 1 . Ilv-n. II, .r; I-,., It ■:.. .M.-i,m- 

a i«^f 1 £SiX » l ^T:.' , i- ' '. " !l ',"'" ' ",';- r :',' ';'■' ^'■■'•■"'■■'^' i'i'-" 



,..!) .-.. ,.- 

''I' 'l^'^St'lSlsElay^LV M 

New Winged Triangular Harrow. 

"J 1 1 J I:> i:"' t_ 1-.J >.:,■.!!.: 1 1,, ; (--.irnicrsandOrala 

lu "V ■.■'' V'''-'".'i'' ; i..''i.i.'-.".!, l rT',: > ; ri.',,,,.! 

n II arls and Urura n 

Union- City Flour, 

/MXST.LN-TI.T ,..N II.,;,,, .„„, „, r ,„,„ i„ | ,, to „u 
^ l"";:h..- : ...|., N. HKVM.ILHS ± CO , 

Suirrtnolieo, OcL 29, 1ES7. Ilia], 

£nW DrpvtmmL 


.-rv...,h„««l««««IW'" ra . , ? b ' 


y,t, t ,iiUiiO M .i.l»"»P ,iB - 
Urton ton,, urt «f"' a ■ 
FtrehMce DImuo "ill i"!fllr «! 
E ( r «lliTbritht,laspW''S«l'°. 
Ccmpuilcn Bironful ond ;•(! 

thy I..I h.vo oft-times Irod," .gal" nnd *^'" 
*1„ .h. »■!.... ■^•™» , ~'"^X 
Horn lb. di.!.»» »™ " dh "°" I "[''„,ri 
Mid .nj„r my -IB taij.miip- A I ni» 
„nd.irf to lh» «a-sbor., »' " 
„„,J ..d li.l...d lo lb. m«wol " '""""= 

tod..™, .f. II. «'W"»» fc TbC ""°'' 

d.,b,p,.,h. ™.d. ..*»'-* 
,„d lb. b»A B «»d ' ~ d * ^ ; 

o in thnt great day when thou yi«M«* «P 

du'iiwfta-. »«"!" thou host saddened, homos 

Inado dewlale, and Ibo midnight cry of MB""'' 

and despair drowned by thy mounlam surfies. 

cen stilled in thy chill and cold embrace, l 

pictured to myself the hie terrific B^. **» 

•at its fury on ibo noble ship, dooming it to 

;troetion, and sanding to the depths of ocean 

many manly hearts. Would to Heaven the 

storm-king's requiem had been sung. ere out 

pliant Ilcrndon hid braved tbo angry enters. 

No monument can mark the spot of hi. heroic 

sacrifice ; but an angel's wrtiR laden with il 

prayers of grateful hearts, "" 

loned wall of sorroi 

gates of Paradise. 

■ound each object 


tof Ibnlinghlniril 

m the i 


And thoKfllr 

Of UM«s»l!ilj..-ii:iii5 .:■>■« 

AbJ Ibo laptoroiii dtllsbl 

Of tin "orat in moraine I 

At irortlvolr Ibo (nobeim 

Amid IholtEWu at slitter 

{Tho Ooeui'i nitrata to too D»j v— 

And the fonnlilB'* Etulilng plom-ui 

id hoorttly bj thslhuoJcr, 
itiirt breaiint; nilb lbs eh' 

olut with fear apialiiae, 

SboduST, dim, nod i 
CJEtlhiDB lane rani 
i Lottla IhoputoV 

mo baotihtd Ion.,— or]a,,-or(eellD 

Ombolof pjln and hllu ilba 
[hai ipeetre-liko, thai ilronprtr ilei 

[n lonfjlnenlnj ihadom o'or the Hint 
LcnslbmlDsibad™ npunni iweeDii 
Frem the put, and from the lonty, 
loLbo far ramoloanu hull. 
Where eternal Train I< keeping 

Bcecrd of the ogei gone, 
And tbe put »nd future bleniiarj 

Wllh the Hindi ^-.liac 

„ „„. iv *i» ""-* 1 "? «rs 

oad itnmorlal history clu 

that is left lo tell !u glorious post. 

foiioy's wing to tho 
m build my fairy 

r the dcep- 

for fits loss unto the very 


idmynwiTecot. ThocryslaiBpriogbubhles 
clear and sparkling beauty, and the tall irees 
i on as in days of yore, when, from amid 
■ branches, tbo bluebird's throat sent forth 
;iq U jd music The wry moments thi 

out cold reality, end soar o 
ideal spirit-land ; there I 
wtle s, n0 d K 1 lal.buo JB n,,n li u eh. 

dM-WHttt poetic fancy. B ho "ould no 
h, o dreamer, if dreams "Oold bring them bapp> 

nC Bu ? tthoroiso n0 street "spot to «>**m*™' 
I fain trould visit ere I say good night , r. bright 
Bl ,d flowery home, ncath Califonim'e warm s*y , 
n carden where the choicest flowers bloom per- 
petually ; a bower of roses upon which the sun 
orer- smiles, and a bed of tiny blossoms over 
,rbo BC bloom the stars of night stand sentinel to 
chase away dark shadows while the pale-blue 
beauties sleep. Ooe little Cower, though frail 
and small, 1 havo preserved as a morocnto of tho 
past, for endeared by association is that garden to 
my heart. Oft has its fragrant beauties brought 
soloce to my loneliness, and tho kindnem of its 
messengers s well- remembered joy, never to bo 

Adieu aright Boies! night her onotlo ip.eadf 
Around lay heenleeai bloawiDi. Eochiio'j brilliant Jump with "Trial d< 

dishonesty, and not a causeless, senseless panic, 
„= .nn; w iso jouroolists would still bavo us be- 
..... Otio great good will, t lraet, «"=« °ol of 
the ovll, tho misfortune, tho suffering. Of Ibo 
thousnntla who are thrown out of employment in 
our cities and m sou foe luring towns, Boroo will 
surely have wisdom enough to botako themselves 
lo iho country, whero lobor is still in demand ; 
and such as havo Hie means will toko up their 
march Westward ho 1 and adopt as a last resort 
the first grand profession of man— Agrioulluro. 

There is eobio strange, terrible fascination about 
city-life to tho poor. Its feverish excitement 
noise, hurry and discomfort, its confinement 
unhealthy gregariousness, all seem to have [ 
orful though unnatural attracting for them 
prisoners, nrter many years' incarceration, I 
gr0 wntolove a dungeon with .is darkue. 

fllth.nnd its Tormin. so they cli 
ijastilo. tho cltyi their damp, 
which lurk want and crime, and 

dark alloys, in 
lostilo rices breed, 
of the freedom, 
id cleanliness of 

I seem, can rouse 

tcbed thraldom, and drivo 

Canaan of 

of thee. 

, Blab* Forgif m 


i lied, shall t 

.,. ,v„, .ife seemed , . 
path was lined with flowers, and eoch succeeding 
hour revealed somo hidden happiness. Youli 
hath its bright-eyed joys, bul like the morn tbo; 
fade ere St is noonday. Ond night and age o.^lie 
in dark shadows whieh destroy Hie floweret' 
bloom. Youth and hope, liko summer sunbcsln 
flv its dreams ore evanescent os tho morning 
dew and ere wo know it, hopes and hearts oi 
cohered to tho silent tomb. Yet, with the sou 
like thoughts that never die, the world may fetter 
the joyous impulse of the body ; but, tbe spirit 
iGod.lonecanchain. TVilbin thebrainnreslecp- 
.[, sad fancies, that tell us of a goal be- 
yond this mundane sphere ; there tbe imprisoi 

Italy ltara!ld( 
the blue ether, free from care an. 
g in tbo sunshine of a Savior's 
Well do I rcmembor tho happiness that shed 
its halo round tbe faces of my father and my 
mother dear, »s with a parent's pride they looked 
upon their only child, and with fervent snpplico- 
tion knell to ask God's blessiog and protection 
for her. The tear steals down my cheek unbid- 
den when I recall those happy hours that lime 
bus now so changed, but memory is with mo still, 
and deep enshrined within my soul, helping to 
banish the daik clonds or present woe; their 
spirits linger round, and breathe in whispering 
accents, an influence that comlorts and suppoi 
Stern death has chilled the life-blood, sealed I 

ilh silence, made tho form grow cold unci 
rigid, but tho spirit has gone forth to God who 

it, and, in a home with ongclr 

holy, will intercede for dear ones still left upon 

from Grace Greonwoocl. 
Tho annexed letter from Ibis greatly admired 
and justly appreciated w Uer, will bo :eci';ed 
and read with more than usual interest. Tho 
various subjects so gracefully though briefly 
spoken of, glow with a radiance which but very 

lVo believe w 

.he Sew Yea 

blelo give lo their thoughts, 
with a just pride present such 
a worthy "intellectual gift" for 

the spBco, tho quiet, puro 

the country. Nothing be 

gradation and sufforing, i> 

thorn to break this 

them forth on their osodus to the now 

Wcst-tho grand "forests primeval that 
never rung to the woodman's ax-tho smll- 
ing prairies that havo lain failow ««a the M* 
siding of tho flood. 

Tbe mechanic, tho artisan, is never truly f-co 
lie nnd his family arc in the bands, in tho powe. 
or his employer, dependent to a fearful degree Tor 
comfort and subsistence upon thot cmplojers 
will or the accident of his success. 

The artisan may "stiike." at times, with good 
often, liko a blinded pugilist, be 
__,& nly hurts himself. But the 
farmer Is Nature's freemen ; the master of a Tow 
acres of is independent of iho world. 
When be strikes, it is always with effect, tho 
hardest soil gives in to bis demand. No agrieul- 
tural crisis brings him a discharge without warn- 
ing, and no quarter-day glooms before him, liko 

Wo sincerely hopo tho circular, which wo hero 
ippend, will awoken our people to dovisa eomtj 
way by which Oaiifoml.ns can cither bring tho 
•most deserving of those who need our help here, 
send aid to them: 

ttar Vow, Bomber SB, 1BST. 
Sin: Tho extreme suffering and destitution ol 
irkiiic women in our city call for some imme- 
diate measures of relief at tbe bands of thooc who 
may bo able to devise and carry them forward. 
Thoso should bo also measures of telf-defonso 
against tho unparalleled despair and degradation 
to which vast numbers of these unfortunate poi- 
sons must como If neglected in their present 

in investigation into their numbers and con- 
dition, has convinced those who hove mode it 
that there never was a time in the history of tho 
city when her welfare was more deeply imperiled 
hy crime and depravity than it will be this win- 
tor, if charitable and thoughtful persons do not 
I interposo to rescue tho destitute from thoir ex- 
tremity of exposure ; and, also, that never beforo, 
" any period ordlstrcrs, were there such ample 
cans at hand for averting its most deplorable 
suits. Thousands of our homeless, slarvin;: !■-- 
males nro wanted all over tho vast West, only 
thirty-six or forty-eight hours' travel from us; 
and could wo but bring them there wo should 
have done a lastiog service to tho ploco tboy 
leave, ns well os lo that whither they go. 

Animated hy tho hope and purpose of bring- 
ing this idea to n practical result, wo earnestly 
invito your presence at a meeting or a fow citi- 
zens, to be hold nl Room No. 7 Clinton Hall, on 
Friday evening, December -lib, at half-past seven 
o'clock, where interesting statements of facts re- 
specting tho numbers nod conditio 
ployed womc 
general disc 

in tho city i 

^ffe^t; but 

be made, and n 
for their ralicf 
nnd tbe public safety will be had. 

Signed, J. W. Edmonds, Peter Cooper, S. M. 
ease Horace Greeley, Jnmes Baorman, L. T. 
Warner, M. D, T Rev. Joel Poiker, 0. R. Puller, 
F J. Otiorson, D. C.Ysn Norman, A. U. Gib- 
bons, H. Chapin, W. G. Hunt, Eliz. B. Pholps, 
R. S. Bcotty, Eliza W. Farnharo, Emily How- 
land, Elizabeth W. Owen. 

noli doomsday, foarful tr 

lo stands o 

change comes o'er the Spirit o 
ow 1 am in Italy's fair cYijni 
poesy and song, a land fraught 


Beautiful Dreamn from -Roan. 

}[','. l'n-. ■' .i'l-'.i ■ , '.'.,V.'ri..'.irj.-.:',,;!,: V'.l./ 
«*..!...,, [l,lH:l.lby l|„. II, .,0(1,'.- 1,| ..;,■..■] „rii 

Whji ■hoJln^ ImVact purmuuitlUI" 

my dream, 
the Innd of 
ilh golden 
the heart for over. 
Rome, tho "Eternal City." with its departed glory 
is beforo me, and in the dim and shadiisvy i\: i s l ■_- 1 ■ T 
fountains and lis seven hills. Lent is 
ver, and now tho solemn grandeur or tho 
Roman faith is seen Id nil its majesty. Tho 
"washing of tho feel" by his holiness the Pope, 
where he teaches the lesson of humility, the chant 
of Romc'6 grand choir, tho splendor of its foun- 
tains all in play, and tho glorious illumination ol 
the matchless St. Peter, reveal to the astonished 
gaze scenes of fair enchantment. Lislen 
chant which, like a flood of melody, flor 
I,. i.._;iili lli'.t,iii.-liii il'.-iiic ; the famous -Mi 
poured forth in touching strains, resounds through 
lofty arches, till a sweet and wailing cry, like 
thotendar mnrmer or n breaking heart, comes 
with an elcciric thrill to add sublimity and won- 
der to the scene. Then tbo air re-echoes with 
tbe note of anguish and the chorus at Drat swell- 
ing louder and still louder, with sighs and sobs 
the faintest whisper. Who would not 
feel their heart subdued by this sacred chont, 
ind that too when pealed forth within thissacred 
isnctoary. Thousands of human beings celebrate 
higli mass, and mighty crowds assemble until the 
very earth around is a mosaic of living heads, for 
all troe Catholics now como to Rome to 
tbe benediction of tho pious, and, to the 

'Tis night of Eastern, Sunday, and tho noble, I lized and christianized up to ft- 
grand Cathedral. 300 years In process of erection, ance of the "glorious liberty," tho 

fitter e/rttCTii-^fa*™"-' 

DESitSlft: I wrote, despond- 
ing, Sovemborish loiter by the last moil ; but 
(hough tho natural sky has brightened since then, 
and wo hivocold. sparkling, invigorating weather, 
our moral heavens oro yet overcast with thick 
portentous clouds— our financial atmosphere is 
still heavy wilh tho dense fogs or doubt and dis- 
couragement. Sad news comes to us from Eng- 
land, of suspensions and failures, consequent upon 
the disruption of international commercial lies 
and the financial crash and chaos here. Houses 
that have stood the shock of very considerable 
earthquakes at home, havo been toppled lo tho 
ground by ours, which seems to havo reached to 
them, under tho sen, liko the Atlantic telegraph 
that Should have been. Had that sub-marino 
marriage of the two nations been happily accom- 
pli-lirf, English merchants would have had a lit- 
tle more warning of the falo which awaited 
them; oed toon, perchance, might havo effected 
an escape from their doomed houses— not gone 
down with them, liko so many Blondoises, 
smiling ond smoking in fancied security. 

To hear of these great European failares, re- 
minds one of ihe revolutionary times of '47 and 
48— ■'the times that tried kings' souls." Th< 
I "merchant prince.-." are taking their turn — nl 
overturn now — nro being dethroned and driver 
I to sirring!: slniits. n9 Bern then Ihe ruyal "snribb' 
of Franco, Austria. Piusaia and Italy. Hay the; 
nil come out ns well as most or tbesc, and will 
belter deservings than any. 

It was beautiful lo see how completely th 
government of England put an extinguisher o 
the mere panic there, by prompt, wise, energetic 
action. There is something magnificent in tho 
working of a powerful, popolnr monarchy. 
Doubtless a republic Is the ideal form of human 
government— the glorious Utopia, of which poets 

all the ages— the political Miiluniuiu for which 

Ijf I.USMjSSilH 

he wido, hut Iho i 

hallows' every foot of it; he may be 

bis trees, but they ore more beau 

fol than oil other trees j they seem to strike thi 

rools into his heart. His house tuny be humble 

id homely ; hut it is tho castle of honor, tin 

iloco of content. His flocks may bo small, hi! 

,ttlo few, but their faces me as the faces or 

iends, and every Bower of Mb fields comes up 

with a special message for him, from tho kindly 

heart of Nature. Ho stonds on bis own land, io 

tbe pride of complete and sovereign manhood, 

and he owns down 10 carlVs center and up to 

the stars. 

I scarce know of a more melancholy thought 
than that one does not o«nsii feet of land, with- 
in which to stretch one's i 

spot on tho wido breast of Mother Earth, to nestle 
down into, for tho long sleep. 

Apropos of living to the country there 
lately been formed in this city, a society, tbo ob- 
ject of which is to assist laboring 
thrown out of employment, hy obtaining for 
situations as domestics aud seamstresses 
mntry, and, especially, to send them wei 
ward. It is an oicollont entorpri 
rorthy of encouragement than soin 
lore pious, nnd ponderous chontioi 
We havo not much gulng 


fkuit~trees , 

18,000 M-*»9s:»iass. 



Fon Sale in lots to suit purchasers. Thade 
supplied nl a liberal discount, 

_ -I hava tho lorest variety of Emit and Ornamental 
TVrj. SorubP, Bmos, etc-, that cao ba funnii in any ono 

iflBloamoratAIviio. My Colled 

'nut PrEHiUK al Iho Stato Folr 

Mril-.tii.n -,r rnea vsrioty I 

lbs I 

"□ lie had at iho Kar 


too sclf-conQdon 
claiming in our 

nobly raih, if you will, 
undisciplined, hnlf-bnrbr 

grand result of civilization. It is not passible 
that republicanism can bo a perfectly successful 
experiment with us, because we nro as yet bul an 
experiment as a nation— a mighty, unwilling 
mnt-, mixed but not mingled ; ncongl'itiiiTn'.iuii 
or nil tho iribes of men, voricd os the face of tbe 
carlb, and antagonistic as tho elements of nature. 

But oven the partial success of Iho great dem- 
ocratic principle of rrjn] lil niiiTii.^in, working against 
such tremendous disadvantages, proves that It is 

tnl, eternal, divine. Ail we wanl 

full accept- 
;n of justice 



Ctmld I thai bul arc 
The beautiful i-b idi from di turn-lend, by onr 
new correspondent "Rcna," from the "sunny 
South," brought us by the last steamer, will .be 
p~rused by oor readers with mueh pleasure wo 
know. Although ii r <_■ f-- - , i 1 1 1 ; lu come from drtnm- 
land, there is so macli of our evory-doy life In It 
that we love it ; it Is a picture uf life, true and 
beautifol. Il calls us again to that Mr clime 
where We have wandered with very dear friends, 
among bright and beautiful flowers. The tribute 
paid to our own California is duulilj beautiful. 
We hope each steamer "ill bring ui the rich 
gifts of "Ilena ;" they shall be duly apr,r(cialed. 

:d by 000 men, absolved from all their and peace which it declares, 

for their task is full of danger. When the advanced minds of this time sea it as it really is 

great bell tolls forth tho signal hour, they light —tho hopo of tho world's political redemption— 

thousand Ores, whose silver radiance (lashes Freedom's star of Annunciation. Shrewd politi- 

L'jo noblo structure, until ltsccmsone liquid cinns, worldly- wis-; statesmen, loolt upon it as a 

of Homo; yet lookalittloloDger.nnda golden moral ignui faluus, or a perpetual piece of po- 

"' i [id sky. Slat- litical pyrolechi " 

blaze of golden light, and jets of innumerable 
fountains fill like sheets of molten gold into the 
maibln basins ready to rceclvo them. Oh is it 
not most wildly beautiful 1 Could wa not wor- 
ship and bo holier in a lovely land like this, where 
religion is clothed In wondrous beauty, and every 
foto and form Speak to the heart, and drape 
imagination with rovcrenliil awe. Dearly would 
I lovo tolingerin this land of classic end historic 
memories, and omld ils ruina, temples and palaces 
now crumbling to decay, team of the wealth ant 
wisdom of its ancient days. Truly has ft bcci 
long piat,nnd reviewing the flowery baonta ' called tho "Oily of Ibo Soul," for at every step w 

But 'tho enlightened patriot, and tho simple- 
hear led Christian, behold it for otherwise; not 
as born of tbo earth, not as the cunning con 
trlvanca of man, but as a heavenly light, sereni 
and ununcnchnblo, attesting the glorious nm-nfo 
whieh Iho divinu spirit of Freedom brings to tho 
hearts of all true men; just as the magil who 
studied Iho heavens more than the world's lore, 
and honest, rurorent shepherds were privileged 
lo rccogniie "tho Star in the East," and to re- 
ceive the "glad tidings" of tbe angel of God. 

To return to tbo crisis, which It is now gener- 
ally acknowledged was the necessary, iocvitn 

of tho older, 
of tho time. 
.musorncnls have scarce- 
ly begun os yet. Parodi ond Vieuxlerops gave a 
concert last evening, and succeeded very well, I 
behove, in exchanging their notes for specie. 

Miss E. L. Williams, a young vocalist from 
London, called, there, "Tho Welsh Nightingale," 

She gives a novel and amusing entertainment, 
written for her by Mr. Snmuol Lover, author ol 
Handy Andy. Rory O'More, ic, in which flho 
appears in twelve different characters. She is a 
actress, and sings Irish, Welsh, and Scolch 
ballads, with great feeling and effect. Her voice 
powerful soprano, or a clear, sweet and sym. 
pathotio quality. It strikes mo lhat Miss Wil- 
ould do well in California, if some of your 
.nngers had tho enterprise lo Inkc her out 
She brings a warm letter olcommendation lo mo 
from Mrs. S. 0. Hall, of London, Ihodisliuguif bed 
authoress, aud has boon ihe pupil of Sir Henry 
Bishop. Signers Oruvelli and Lanzi. 

Madame. Lola Monlez is bore in her now 
acter ofleclurer. It is said that very good 
cucos ossemblo to hear her, or rather lo seo bur, 
for her lectures are very ordinary affairs, I hear. 
But tho bowilching foil of her lustrous block hair, 
and tbo flash and sweep of her magnificent cyos, 
doubtless mnko up for tho lack of all wit and 
wisdom In her words. It is wonderful what fire, 
what spirit, what daring, what deviltry those 
great Bpanish-lrish eyes yet reveal. The unter- 
Iflcd, unsubdued, incorrigible Zingara of Ihe 
stage is one of the marvels of the world to mo. 
What experiences sho has hod; what a wild 
swing oflife! It seems that nothing can daunt, 
or dismay her ; it Is said that sho oven contem- 
plates making on o lb cr trial of matrimony. If so, 
brave as sho is, rash ns sho is, mod as sho may 
bo, there Is onu oiiver, rasher, mnder — tbo other 
party. Adieu, On 

MR .>i.i.,ul;^i;.;i< ,y 

in. MIL A. VIEriltlCil.C 

Aid to Buffering Women. 
Tbe Tol low iog, circular come lo us by last mall, 
with o note from that noblo hearted woman, 
Mrs. E. W. Fornhom, who, It la well-known, if 
laboring lo elevate tho character of her sex, ami 
awaken them to a more jost conception of thoii 
ability and influence, and to arouse them to 
higher and holier ambition for their own Eos. 
Mrs. Fnrnhnm's letter in Ibis numbor of tho 
F*nMEH will bo read with deip interest by all who 


M THE PrapiUloitof thUoU utoblbhodWA-jW 
jE*. r-Tnrenonr.ropircdto furnish to their friends.^ 

Largest and Moil Select Collection of 

tier offered in thi, Slate, 

At Reductil Prlcci! 
The FRUIT TUEE3 offered bj as nre all groan and 
awbdta the N^ery bj u, Ir-m variety obtained 
'»in tbn celebmled MOUNT HOI'i: NUI'.SKKiE-, ,-1 

1,000 PEAR TJ1EE8 on rarwoclu, "no and two yean' 

jV.,,,1 CHiilLUY TIIUKS, „Hv,™ij-liv..|.H i l«ricll» 
V»J'J rKACU, ol livcnlyvmSutk-s uno voir frem *«- 
1,000 PLUM, ol twenty boltielcttcuiartciJ". 

,i.»,.-) GRATE I'lMISf. l-M Au^lf, '• - '"" /' >""' r '' " ■ 
i ira c,.»k. 1,1,1,-H.i ■;,.,- r.iai.T, i. nl l„r, i.-ii larli.l't. 

iloiuoi con bo obtninoil en application at tho Nur- 

!-, i.sjii-r "tbonrta. 

I fliiH-ed I" 

full, «i 

roftboTrcoiat thoSur 

ranted, Itnle i 


consequence of foregone folly, recklessness and have a tusln for tho "good, tr> 


ChineBB SuBor-oano Seed. 

JAJ1E3 fl. TIIOIllil'llH t c 






Stills, Worms, Brew Kettles and Heaters 


Lift and Force Putins, Brass Work, 

No. 30 Jaekion ilreet, 




5an Francisco Brass and Bell Foundury, 




autifnl und most 

rpttE PEOPLE OF TIIL cm, , : 

-1- (>,:■ IML.T.-;-,^ FACTS: 

dnnbla or ail descriptions of Picture*, agftla 


r..^, Li'-,: I b^ricalJv veiled, and the rou: 

on OStrnt 

£3 G-.A.XjXiER'S'J 

V .A. TO" a E * S G- A I, L E H TT I 
PD3 nniTorullr admired, arc taken it redowd priou, hi 


THE FIRST PI: EM I CM AMBi:u |\'I'E?, amurr*Bed in the trorld, are taken at 
v -A 3M a E ' S G- A I. I. ZE It T 1 




122 tang Wharf, 






Steel Clipper, 





.he «f Cullfn 

of the 

,ik,:'" ! ' 

/ PIU.TJ »V« 

nrnusbt U) the unlic 


l.,,| Slid:-, .. 

■" " , - :, " !r 

CAST l'LOWS (EaRle Pattern), 


Wo .ball be in con.tnn 


. PlOB 

(lantljf o 

Machines and Agricultural Implements, 

And cfwdfof nil dcwri|>;ions, cotulEntli on bind noi 

" T ""' " TREADVCELL £ €0., 



Gauge Cocks, Cylinder Cocks, Oil Globes, 
ite am Whistles, Hydraulic Pipes and Nozzles 


[=-,■- i:<iri'i,i:; ( ; joint.-* r.r ; .li -irr., vFMC.itn 

boileb A.Tsrr> steamboat 

Market Square, comer of Buih onn Market streets 




Hardware, Crockery, Glass and Woo den ware, 

Agricultural "3^£S and Mtnln S 

Pioneer Hart) worn and Agricultural Emporlam, 

Cordage Manufactory. 

W 1 ' """; '"■": '■«!; HOi'i: WALK In .ipcr.llon.aiid.™ 


Tin and Coppenyaro, Slicel Iruu, Hardware, 
osc, ate, 


vi. 'dimly ,,n lirun-J .1 ;i<-[ 11.: .■.ji<n:-?n 1 u! Cookins. Par' 
lor, Air-Tiniit on.l cltior «!<*!■<;». 

Jl-'lin.-. .1. i.i.n,- ■ 1 , i>iy ,|... : .ri| ii..,nd"no la order, la 

jap ■ss. ri.,t.T :«3< 

O^Og ,?""■,., • *™"»l "-<!-> 

i<o ^-t" rf^ jig 

«Hr bn^o 

Snarpcx., Ac., fct, ^. 



122 I,ons Wlmrf, 


JOHN a. WOLF, Manufacturer, 

And Wholesale oad Retail Dcalsr in 


Own «/ Dn,* aK J Sto-„«« llrtei . 
33-Broomief all qn elitlo, D1 do k erdot end™™. 

inx A WOLF. 


110 anil 112 Clay Street, 




ctoo., eAac 


g RETAIL, jk 

^-w*- «.ECTTE>S 


'' " ot |r, « l 0, "> MlMlmi ttrceU, 


MANUFACTOHi. .-tf: .1 .>T7Ni;r:ii:?. SAW AND OHIST 
Mill Uncliiiwr]-, lloilco, Un, n; diampcrt, Amatgnma- 




Dealer in Agricultural Implements 

HIDES, Vdo'L, SS ' 


FftlEUn i Tl.RllV, cor. M nnd « .tr«t* Si 

A [■ r.MlVH ■■■■ :■;...,:! K . ,„ ,-.. >,„,-,-.. .,,. 

[' 'Ji-JJ: ■■: '1 Vli.-llijl.'^,' f.i.j.'J.' - ! '-- 1 ' - 





French, Spnnislii Englislt, Gernian and Italian Book*. 


WL. Of STDDBm ^ 

iAL and Srl'DlOTTS' 
■uli oljwf. jjlajM, IL ih. 

I"-, "ti'l o t ,1 ijuollly 

Paitcc Oataloodeo nill lio «ont oaai.i, ^.„- it 

v -.,'■') r '' 

Colored pLaics of California Prnit. 

■inHplotu iWhj h at o cojj. 


Silk and Mkkino "YEsia ; 

Sils akd Merlvu Drawers; 

Misses' Meihko Vests; 

Hots' Meeimj V.-^-rs 

I^tntEa Ann CiiiLDiiENs' HostattV, *o.,so.; 

The Best Assortmont_ in San Francisco 

LADIES' LINEN to oar own oritor ranch 

•nparior to nnjlbinir OVLr bef.-.o gflbnd', 


LABI£S'ULiES;iTRlMJJiNi.;s i r;Li)VES Ac. 


HAYINO erected o owd sbnp, with facilities et 
•^•■■'-•■■r-' I -----J 1-> 1.1,1 i,.„i... i„ ■>,;.■ .-(.„„!„ 



the Stale o( Wlnoufrj, Id tbo dawn of her groat aijrl- 



Therefore, ulthi[>j,-r 1 . l . r i.-, 

"H.IL-. .:. rl„. oi^.rri Mil 
•-I1...T ). [ (.■,! ;..,i; I,al rhii 


Rubber Hose and Packinp;, 

Hnrdwnrc; Fairbanli!' Platform and Counter Scales, 

San Francisco Planing; and Sawing Mills 
HOBBS, GILJIOUE i, CO., Piioi'uiktohs 



No. 140 North side of ^jj^ Wnahlneton ilroet. 



.,r„ ,l,l[.,„m' 
:ill nn.lnill J. 

••■- .if till. ...111111 

I dcslpi, and have under praj, the tnanufnetnring of 

,500 Cast Steel California Plows : 


r" '| -^ ^rlrt^y fuporlor tonnyo»ernork«l before in 





Sc, £0., &e. 

In addition to nhat I rasnnfnctnro, Iihnll c^ 

tsoo czisrciisrio-ji.Tl 


Hi Seerainonln .treat, nboro Monlgemerj. 


U. S. Swoans ■ 
U. S. Emulation Belts • 

U. S. Rkoulathis s'.tsnEs; 

Tn r™M„l l„? EA ",T ,;iTES - laUBBOIOHHW, ElO. 

IofnKch will bo Bid at redocod nrieoa. 

,,, , r> S'ORCROSS, 



PK0 ^£;^ ; V:V^.^ WELS ' 

1« Saeramonu, .Ire ^b f il ' 1 "' l ' , " lSS ' 

Odd FeUows' Lodges and Enoampmenta 

FBTDlfLed wlLb TL'LL SETS, at Inner nriooi than er=r 
»8'7 lil Sacranrtato etreol, ai>j,o Wunlauniorj. 


"lilc"! 'laii-l, in |,.in, ..I |ni, ; tnoril and troll,, iilhuiclhci 
It :li.:, ju)- ,nl, ( .„ | u tlio f ; n^ricli!(iLr;>l .-la...- 1. 

K3~ Plnasofnror mo with a call, am! kc for jourtolf 

: '.'-' '■'-■'' , ,lli ---- l] !i" ' -.tM|.'.,I.IM„„, : 1... I,u..i,I.„.t.1.,i 
'■i:;,l7li..i .,.:,: f . ir ,.. ,,,., ,„,„ ,,.„, ..,„„..>,.„,.,,, 

ii'hin |r .■11,.tlr..-:..|y j.r.,il,l,, I],,, f tnri-r ., [rh 11,1 ,!, ., 

iiil-irt... ;,- „■„,, ,,.,.,, ,„ Ufe ,in |.|„,| „f ,. r ,,„ ,, 

iii|>Icincnl( and i 5 i-:..l,i , ,, ,,r. .1 ..:, -li..j[ n.,[L.:o j 


::, S.LiMtiunrM ■ir.:..l,t,r.,rll.,,i, 
.-_ .-t„-,|, c.irrtor li.iti. .Ln.lri.^riiiu.^il-.-lreoL-, 

Notico to Family Grocers. 

i Facuk- i.Nl il-.i'i ■.'.',„, 1' .i', 1 v.vv'.' 1 '"' 

Presents tor tlie HuUdaysI 


Importer of and Wholcsalo and Eotnil Dealer 


B I a m o mi h , 

Silver Ware, 

Jewelry, a n «l 



Of aU Kinds Constantly on Hand. 


Wo. 12S Montgomery Street, 

7* Penan* In me interior dcrowor n 

i'|,.--,.;M,lj-.„r l'-v-,r,.i,. l .ri,'„. . |.-.. ri . ':„,, 

-iri.'.!!,,. ;,\C >. '■ Viiii'v 1,1 ""' " '"' 1 J ' ,L ' l:,i 

■i uihrtem«^ 1 !i™JrtiVn l . G M ' : ''' b °°" '"' 

Er-Personi in th« Interior wfchinff a 


" ? 4S™ wlSrSVi bTKSdl ffiiSSiir'S™ "»*""*■ 


Keady for Caiinn;. ,e; : i 


' '-'•■-iH.t.J,''' 
1 Oaf, 

The Victoria Regia," 

A FEW corny .,f , a i t,,,,,,,!,^ f,,,„,. f i„.i,iu.„„„ 

" A '" '-'■ "'. ' lll..'.I..L l„ Mr I! . : ..', ,.. , . ' , , 

OF THE AllMEIt, jjio pnujjj^u. ' 1( 

!k'.'i.'.. '';! '.'''■'■' J, '' ll V,,';'j|, l ', , ,',''''"'' iir '' 


I"""'!- . „, lit. 'KH, 

001, oi.f4.jie IVnior Watl... Itoil.lln: 

J - ~" _~ = — "T„-r/ TT-OK-I I WTWP.S A "NTT) I 


The Legislator 8 - 
Th. nlntl. «»»« »l «». . U *"l"™„° 

,.„ ,, ,„»...«* »**-« lb . F opl : 

of Call* 

scmbled at tba feBBULi 

Mticn of this body the present session. 
id our glorious Union hWtIb so ™«" ' 
orcr tho world; uo State so free 

Bent; none with brighter prospects 

of soch . 3f H nod yol bo* ft* «n re ' ' 

■lfeM pra* of lh. H» P" » 
,„nl. hu boo. • -1» " "»»«• ""'' ' »h . 

lb, oltor. Tbopo,P""" b "«";"" , "|™,„ 
tbo pure m*a\ from lb, bu. •»»! I »«• «■ 
bo tbo rofinerol „„„„,ltl 

TofboWi-Morsofoo..™..^"-""' 1 ;; 
«» look for a wise dinrcLlan. Uivo us 

tbo Swto bo the chiir "■- ol 

,bo ro.p.mibl. pl.»ol M-V" 3 "' 

13 TVhot Legislator en look opon Iho groat -Agr 
oollonl inlral of Colifo.nii, nno «»>■ 
,f„,ido.l.b. prood po.tti.n .bob» -.•»» 

look !«..■ to »p« ■<■'">» "*;","'",„ 

l Q fnnn.1 on rnrlh than in Cnldomia? Ag.' 

Tbo following ia 
Paris, SepL 30, 1857, fain 

Hmo O^Hornl, 1. Tlow.d Ab.o.i 

„l,.olfam,l< ll ". a "f 
fan, ono of lt«b..l oof-b- 
and oboiMiboooiirnoiotbor 
'polnnon ibo informnlinn fan. » S "'; " 
.nn,n.».i»g Ibo kind- of ■<■* ""'". 
,„. o..o .and fa" C.lif.rni. "■>•»"":-.£ 
ombroo, . l.rg. r.riotr of - »~ "" d °' k " 
Shrobborp and Planlo. Iho order sajs. 

b T ;^;sr.:".,fd*r:.™S.'"- 

,.„.'.„ received wilh preat satisLaclion. 

^remain, g=nlle,n,,r, y.,ur< .-v-I-" 
fully, ViLMOiim.ANDm 

The following is « "tract Irom a letter wo 
received by last mail from Xcnis, Ohio, written bj 
friend who has boon a reader of our journal, 
ir airaturen view our glorious land thus, how 
irr^rui A^how.b we,, « 0.1,0,- 
nia should give their friends a cbanco to see- too 
true picture of Califoroia: ^ 

,- i.'.-.'.I.ii .St'ite in "1-5 impart 

These a 
Slates of C 
so will it 

a Manufoctu 
thiTfuturo for this 

,o that 

■ giori. 

i Uni 

" For" all the years past, liul* \™ y <f" 
Ihi^e "mnt inmri-fts. U'l 1L1- fi|.iitiy 
Mintutlrtoor Lep.Uigwl»bor«iKl 

,,-.., L lor 

of Csli 



_ Ayrshire Caltlo, 



S. H. MEEKER * CO.. 


Jiri'o^rboiMlno, "bleb Ibor "H 
oroblo lorns e. or. boo.o in lb, 

o Vi.r I".''™ 

io Ll^oo 

California B team Havigat ion Company. 

fJ »p. J "i,S"Si''"j£Jf3! 

*^Sj»^-'»'W'W.I» - 
Rnviim' umTKf. states hail. 


Ki'md's'i.rr.l'BUeKS, f« »le. ">' from SSO, to 

STror" ". BEi'Ksi^itK^KSEX Pios. pr th. 

'l. !^ir U V:-.,,r'LVl^-«^__ ■ 

ills or th i 

Fine Old Bombon and Magnolifl Wbiskey 
Very Tine Old Cider Brandy-Apple Jack- 
Old Virginia Peaoh Brandy ; 
1 000 PaekagesNew York Brandy, Whiskey 
and Gin. 

Alio, all tho Choice" Brand") of 

Fine Old Frcncli Brandy ; 

Harmony and Nephew and Duff Gordon 



03- Wn an, Solo AgsolTioTthD Paclto Coast of 


AnU Solo Imp™ 'on of 

Very Superior Cabinet Clmmpasnc 

S. H. MEEKER &. CO., 

B9 Front .tree I, U< r=:.i:ri,iii^i1« nnJ Caliform;! -I;., 

Ficucli BIcrino SUecp. 

TTavTVn hfrti Dnirii^od in importlnff and. 

.Tiog, which should sliuiulate all to «ork 
;tlv; icod hts words. 


will (Id 

tli, TirvECTIt EiTSSiOl 

The Lpjiislaiiir!. a^iiiiH 
.tf.iul,. mot al 10 o'clock, I 
der»" in tha chair. The 


n. Samuel A. Werri 
riomas N. Carnosu. of 

.-, Il.,iv!.u, 

..ti.ollbE Clc,k ; ?' 
EncTOSSiog Clerk, Ia 
ptMU-ai-Artns, Jatui 

Assembly— Tho Hoono was called t( 
Hon-narTeyLeOsSpojlter^ro/ii".. Th 
Called by Iho M-Oletk. Motiotl was made by 
Mr. l,..-wi«. of Tehama, to elect a bp^il^r _»,ih 
■•■ '.",iwin« rt-iolf X. f- .VliiltHi<li.-,J, of luba, 
i 66 "votes, aod W. W.Shcph«rd of Sin 



remarks by Sir, IVhiiesides 

i-iliiiguistieiJ honor confurrtd 

dencfi o( 

his associates, to avoid parti 

sbhb. Editobs: 1 feel deoply inicrcted 
Agricultural improve: 

oveuients, a ad 
j batter the conditior 
bumltn family, on any part of tho earth, 
been busilv engaged in cultivating this h 
rocky soil for more than half a century, 
as much interested to try to make impro 
as over I did in my younBordays. 1 non 
the benefit of ono of the it 

Contra Costa Perry Notice. 

Californi a Fro anctien. 


3 " r. 3." »\i p. 11. 

•10 per Jt^nlb. 
MI.Ull.K^ MISTURS, *t.m, 


and think I cannot spend 
cusefol manner If 

o,o. if I r 

RioiiARDSos'B Clock-work Water Powbb. 
Wo poid a visit tbo present week to tho Oriental 
Hotel, to sen tho working of tho moohinery 
which Mr- Richardson has placed upon tho woll 
of thut house. A lead pipo hod been io sorted 
-.""tt/X't'lhT meinU'rT'w-iiilii un'iw wUli ' i„ t o the woll 23 feet deep, this was attached to 
,„ <,Ti.k-.i. oiiiig to brim: thu st-ssion to a L n „ mI ,(,uiiiory, and by moans of the pontr tin. 
,lv elosc, anil i>y thus lichims: lh '' ll \'''; 1 ' ' , aa taipe a up in a continoous stream nnd 
[hen of the people. rL'iL.n, lIj- »■'""■■ ''''- l1 '- ,',,',„ ,|, r ,„ vi , m, mi iucli pipo 53 f< 

i, I..-, hlii.ll f[...UHin -!1_-Tin V. 1,1-11 l,,.-i-.l t 1 ' 1 " '"' ,...''.■ ' 

^be ' 

. -i.-.-.-iiiiL; ■- 

ould do 
cspecied by the 

3 tbo choice of 
Ir sworn in by 

Clurlt, J. W. Scobc)-. of Placer; Atffl'slimt 

Cl.rl:, -I. l\ _ . llimriy. of Cibvura, , Surueatii-ai- 
Armi J.F ijniii. of San 1'ranci ■;'> ; MurollLii— 
Cl^i-k T. W. Mii.-h.-ll. •■■." Sicriiii^nt.:,, Eii-iu-m- 
ina Clerk. W. M-i.'miin-U. of KldutaJu. Lloor- 
kceper, A. F, Wagner, of Nevada. 
Eastern News. 
Tfie mail steamer John L. Stephens, Capt, 
It. S- Pearson, arrived on tho 2fllh ulL, making 
the trip through from Kow York in twenty-foul 
daya. The steamer brought S23 pasa< 
Gen. Walkerhad 

ing, of the U. 



Vim th 

. ir.iri' 

a tun 

Tho plan 

Mi 1! 

!..» |.T. 

In wind 



feeta h 

s completo, It t 

. ■.:.-,! 1 

to tho 

■qtel Io 


((-jiTOS.vncn"-T.y|'Alb«rt" (taiporled), monlh^ 

.-(.'l ivillil'i'v"— .1 .',.■'■■!:, i|- if- li.hiri'-iiTl.'.M. 

-,,-,-, | S.-lli-lel, - -,.">.' J 

1. 1 1,1. 1 Mil-"—!.; "C mi:t," i.liuf iH'i>. ^ ihodUii old. 




— —— n. KESICK-Circlti-ill<j. .'ickrujiiYC 

Lyon & Co.'s Brewery, 

106 JohIo strooL ' 


I A I-t, KM i. <T OS Tl 

or arPEills, : 

} aSD Pill. rURIflEU OP TllK DLOOD, 


MktTattd Eitnid will 

HOTELS, &c. 

AUTISTIC— Every day rovcals now proof thi 
tho Arts and Sciencosare making rapid odvnoct 
on our PaclGo shores. We found upon our tubl 
ouo day last week, a very superior specimen of 
tbo Photo graphic- Art in Iho likeness i 
friend M. A. Sarins, Ern}., of tho Collsgii 
stitoto of Benicia. This specimen of tl 
was from the Booms of Mr. Fnrden. and w 
from the c-.vci-lli.-nd- nf tin 1 fric-oil 
It represonts. or tho skill of tho 

w not— only thio wo know, it is 

parfecl likeness, and one that we shall bi b -hlj- 
, ., I prizo for that frinnd'" 
rri.inli-r. il to Com. Pauld- 1 » 
.m-frigato Wabnsh. The 
Gcnoral and his forces wcro to bo strut back ! | n „ >_h e house furnishing department, 
■■from whence they came." Thus has tnis \ mm y fctnilies arrived by ' 
find i').|)ciliiioii ■■!" Wiillitrr's bi en up. ■ orl nar s i l0lrea( w0 would i 
Daniel F. Tininfin linH L.-t-ri cluctoJ Mi.yor of ; , ri ,. L . ft c -,)\ un Joseph Ccn 




im0 iij n-Bleli nro > 6rvot cumber of 
largo Single anil DooblD, and BoiU of Hoonu, 


il,lr,.>'i!.E>,' TilSr'.'an.l A .Nil -DYSPEPTIC ov. 
amiuutViilo. N.T., where lao Tu 

unovo ill DnbraUlij- HcrtUons, paiil 
i, mil fraitullT, bat ianlj-, wlinate tb 

a "•litrsuj'of Ewtiblre, VcnnouL 
}un: I Iu-to been illllcini «1 

.r SanaiarlUj, I lnvo 

Solano Hotel, 

Oman has been elected Mayor of 
Sow York, over Fernando Wood. 
It was stattd in Washington, that Senator 

i">v,-in, i>l CulifiiniiiL, was [.r.'i'uring hills whir 
he would introduce at on early day in Congres 
□r"auiiing the Territories of "Arisona," ai 
"Sierra SoTaSo." There was anntherroport 

tin i-iu-i'tihal ho '.v.iuld mil iutri'iluei' iW bill 
I'm the evi-iiiitiii til" tin- K-rrit-rinl (jnv.rnment of 
i,=:.„^ ■■ f„r tin- r. i-.n t!i-:it u part of tbo coon- 
sed to be incorporated in tho now Ter- 
■ j u -w belongS"16 this Stato, and wo have 
as vftt given mi titikiiil indk'ali'.itk)f Viur will, 
upon which "or Senator can propone to oedo 
awnv our jurii-ilieliun. If the Legi.-lnlurn shnll 
iiiJii.-nti. an npi-r.,-.- il of sneli mi iirtciDjj-im-nl iw 
U (iiilifipalfil, thi-rn "ill In- mi dillieully in w> 
Bjmpllshiag it 

Gen. Laiuiir. of T.-m-i. is to po .nil n- Minis 
ter to Costa Rica and Nicaragua. 

M.jni -'.'iii- 

, where they 

"l r,2 ii'rnl 1-1 

mt ol Cicckervwiire, 
Frencli tjiiina. llobtniion mid American fjlai-.-i. 
ware, '1'alile Cutlery, ami in hei i-verj ihiiis* that 

>- tbo 

try propoi 

> fun 


wir. oALUsnA 

mocta; ooil ij Urotrstit" gtotmilj-. 



to that 


He has just... . 

ilcdChino Dinner Sets, tho ,... 

Jij Imporloiions aro made froi 

.vliifli nijiiU-s him in oiler iho b 

uoods in the iiiaikct. A walk through this lnr 

establishment will convince iho most fastidio 

even thai hero they can find everything soiled 

their wants, and gentlemanly nKl.lnnU i 


WhES yon vi-ii tho's, remombor ' 
Hall." the Pioneer Clothing House, established 
in Boston, Mass.. in 1841, wboro you will find 
ovory article of Clothing mid Furnishing Gnruls 
(on the one ptiei- system), necessary to com- 
plete u. genteel (kti-s, fir the tloini-.stic eirelc, 
tho drawing room, or tho churoh. Tho stock is 
doily replenished with goods manufaotured for 
iho Wholesale and Ho tail trado, and offe-rsgreat 
ml ': inihie f.- in fills to porchusers. 

i-ii:,i:i;nvil..'h:si i:.--i:ni'i: m pijui; Jamaica 

Aorl nil the Sirup ■, «r- . r . L - . a I - -■...) I'.slnrM now lu e-o lp 
lliL-> t ..l.;,l.v TL'itNKH 111 .'iT 11 KH--S , 

iloTkol6lrcot,oprs»lioR.O." ' 

-..rivi 1 ,"; 

i, 34, 

6 and 3) 







And all tho dlfftreat terms of Bilions Bisoasss. 

HoDOSALD It Co, Baen 

llL-iiL'.ni. Olilo, s«a aUraoari, 
0. BAKI13, TiVbolBllo Drag. 

is deservedly f 

Fiioh Oncaos.— By the slean 
are received Trum Portland to '. 
k-.ving is the only ilem of impo 

liuliani /oining- tke il/oroioj 

ried that the Clicl 

■ ILi-st.-1'i 

ST.— Thoro 

y, by which wo i 
■i- ln.e lo speak. ' 
No. 112, Montgomery I 

Fremium Marble Works 1 

K ilwtl, cur>ier Slitli, 


t, Mod- 

■ .M:.l.| 




icatness and ordar that prevails 
care and attention that ' ' 
, ,. ..— cooking deportment, as 
itiun hesloivetl upon the patrons of the ' 
Vo'ahould think that, by i u - ~ 
daily seen there, = 

All klnrli of Oraamoo 

. Jan 

icing o 


and tho Government. 

. _.. . .0 thai < 
roll knuwn as formerly 
;e Hotel, and was de- 
that popularity follows 

toihlly lias many 
iniint depend up-: 

i., dyfpeptic, thni 

ogonnAjK odviE 

.Sold at the ma 
Now York, fend f 
all druggists, nt 2 

c, I.iVthoontrTofall 

faclorios, No. eO Maldon Lane, 
■1H Straild, Londun ; ond by 
1| 62 l c,,audSl pcrboxorpot. ' 

finest Varieties of Domestic Fowls. 

a. a THE undorilgncd now otTer for ulo, on tho 

ill in tut> couiilry, ami u LAYE11S j- 
nucd™" ba 'r T c "r"r'r 1 iri C |i' m u''l „",!,, '„ 
mlt oideni Jaouarj SOIL. 
m* LOSO 4 Ell 

Broom-Corn Wanted. 

Ai.Aiit,!-: i.ri'i dp iiiii.iii.M-ri.H:; ...mi,, 
l.i in,, ■ 

ft, N. REYNOLDS & CO., 

I^Prodoco and Oeaorai Coaunluion MDrchaats, 

.TJinJ LSI DavL, ■■.«:■:■ rt-.-L Uu W.-Mujlonil 
BAN fllANCiaCO, I 

Ey- Pint Ului Dloraeg Pei-ntibeO, and |[bnr.[ ad 

R. II. BENNETT, &. 00., 
luoe Coia mission Moroh. 

Sugar Beet and Cainese Sngar-Cane, 

A PINE Invrjloooi Scot' -'■'■ 

:elved i 


b a .."l'." tf. tolling , So X I 

ftirnurjoil bp Ijpn 



istos. 4 -t-i.r-mi e 

Court Block, Clay Hired, 


To Poultry Baisere. 

AFPl'.r,-:-lv („, I It. tu -.j i.f ¥■, I ■,-„,. „.!,.[., ![..■ 

lucfiMffunfurtyuMif,!. f.,,,1.. 

i i<:-,, i!i..„,.r it ■■ ■ ■■■ 

"""""Ver'alab" 1 "' 
vT-7 130 W 

IN ills liaekL'nJ.wlilc 

id diroollons for eon 


SJmSi SomsiBiBi id 8 

■ SSlSml ©«4 81SJ88S. 



jt California farmtr 

Gophars, Babbits and Squirrels. — Ho. X. 

ir other 


XL is thoy 

n judge*; 



Wo had but a limited 
■ to divide among a considerable uumi . 
re had Gopb»rs. Pigs, and Coirs lo contend 

Tho pigs an'd bovine rattle tec coul," " 
and we did so. We managed also 
: our supply of water, and learned lo 
it; but the Gophers, though in to 


.m-vd I 

I,- tl, 

overcame. We had 
tions about them, ond different schemes lor 
doing them were argued with appropriate 
quence. Still they kcpUhcirground; and beets, 
carrots, lettuces and cabbages were carried ol 
Irinraphautly by those original occupants of lb. 
soil, who doubtless looked upon ns as intruders 
on whom they had a right to moke reprisals, for 
daring to interfere with their vested rights, to 
which they probably considered they were fully 
entitled by priority of sol tlcmcnt and prescrip- 
tive possession. We did not lake the eaine moral 
»iew of the subject. We did not argue morally 
atoll. They were ourencm-cs. and "c concluded 
to exterminate them, I.iko Glossio in Scott's 
Gny Mannering. oar motto was 'High I makes 
right." We despised ihu Gophers ; we would 
have them rooted oil; and to accomplish ibis 
object no proposal nis thought too base to ho 
, adopted. Some said u*p then, as U.ov domoles 
in other places; son., said poison them; >omo 
Mid drown Litem out ; some said smoke them out 
We differed as to lhe means; but we .11 agreed 
in keeping no terms with the humble Gophers. r 
whose time-honored homesteads we had uncere- 

■[I Concluded uc could easily catch them with 
inch traps as 1 had seen mole catchers usa so 
effectively in the old country. But I was not 
snro that I knew how to catch even moles. I 

of labor and businesses, that the man whucatche 
, moles does nothing eke. You may see him step- 
ping stoutly and independently along the road 
With his traps on a string thrown across 1 
■boulder, and his pouch by his side into which 

Tho property or E. A: C. S. Haines, Elizabeth, Now Jersey. 

Ke D iTlm^ A r i 'f, 1852 i STre ' ^^ D " ka °! I f ?' bj " ilDp0f ,0d AleMnder (4J; B r - E- d- I Wellington (C84); g r. E r. gr. gr: g. d. Old Prir 

..-t.., , 1. I L ,_). D.,u, >„,,;,!„,„, by imported Fashion, by Otlo (04G3); gr. gr. g. d , CMS, by VYymard (703). 
Duke of Wellington (3044); g. d., Old Snow- 1 Moscow (9413); gr. gr. gr. g. d., Princess, by I 

neighboring gardener called in ono afternoon on 
his hotpeward journoy frotn San Francisco. He 
laid me to give myself no further trouble about 
Gophers, for ho bad got as much in his pocket as 
juld soon clear his garden, and that he hoped 
be able to inform me tier! limn T c,„ him „r 
his perfect success ... 

2 producing a pretty largo parcel of 
arychuine, on Lhe virtues or which ho discoursed 
quite volubly. Of course I felt interested, and 
rjoyed Lhat a man or bis acote intellige 
] so certain abont their destruction and o 
t he bad promised to give ine a full account 
modes or using his poison which he mi| 
lind it necessary lo adopt, and lhe exact num. 
of Gophers which he succeeded in assassinati 
Having unhesitatingly coalesced '- >•'» — ; -= 
I had given up all thoughts an tl 
-sj ■ nil'! leirn tho re *' ' 



i. let 


lo the fin 

i tails, 1 

r for whon 


-— He looks on himselr 
min or skill, and keeps his secret lo himeclf. 
mates twice as mocha day as a plowman, and 
us idle three fourths of it ; during which lirot 
Site coiily by the kitchen fire, and makes lov 

tin- housemaids by repeating his wondrous 

ploitsin following out bio profession. T bo girls 
look upon him as a little hero, and though Miss 
Mitford has characterized him os '■ofthoearlh 
earthy ," he enjoys " the heaven of love" deriv- 
able fr„,n (he iv.trhir-f; dunce-; of l, B |f the bonny 
lasses ia the country-side, 1 was consequently 
ignorant of tho business. But J had observed 
lhat the mole, though taming up hills »H over 
those Holds io whiehbe «as at work, had his 
KgQlar home from which lie roads in jjr. 
feren, directions, and that thote roads he invari- 
ably kept as he went out on his daily excursions. 
Kb) this tho mole-catcher's secret seemed lo lie 
SWMInl of oloso observation he had learned to 
"•Woutthe .pot where tho chief burrow was^ 
■* Ibence, where the molo woald naturally 
«*** "ad to and from the place where ho was 
J*** All he bad to do was lo plant ono of 
DW traps „, , hli ihoroughfare, and his victim was 
doomed. Lie had him for certain. 

I set to tnu^,,,,,,,, ||1U |]ai]iu 
fittdhad ""I*" l»*l they used similar means o 
^ibuLl^,,^ The Gopher is 
^ ,, Ll ,„w,an i> not lobe caught in, his 

manner. The poor bhn-1 , uo i, ,„ , 

^ ibOtl,lutf0 P"» i -^i B U.ed 1 .nd,helng 
beaten ir.i.:l ; . i,,-,,!,,],!^ makesa new | 

"nsi^a!.rr i ';!. l i i,J ' m " eMddmifl1 " 
t I had convinced myself that we must devise 

Otner,,,, f,„ ,-,,,,„„. ,1,,,,,^ „,,,, n .^ 

^mea how to c Bect the desired object, when a 

ild pcrcuivo lhat _. 

icre graver than usual. I Milled tho mailer it 

vhich we had a deep and ninlual inlerest. If; 

mly shook bis head. Al first, he said, he merely 

caltered his strychnine loosely over the leaves, 

tid watched the motions oL his insidious foes, lo 

itcover lhe effect or iLiepouerrn) doit! nhich he 

ad provided for Lhem. Uerosc early noxt morn- 

lg, heroro daylight, gathered fresh loaves wilb 

is own hands, and distributed them in those 

where he found them liu-ie-t in their de- 

ioos; and sat down patiently to wait the 

;dawn,and tbecoming Gophors. He had 

itched long, ho said, when he observed the 

itirring; o Gopher made his appearance; 

1 bis inDnite satisfaction made straight Tor 

tho poisoned leaves. Ho roll happy, but his grati- 
fication was of short duration. The cunning fel- 
. asifhosmcllcdnrat. He cauiiously 
put his noso to tho leaves, took lhem up as cau- 
tiously by one corner, and shook lhem lustily ; 
smcllcd them again, and shook them again; till 
it length, convinced that Ihere was uu danger, hi 
arried them off to his hole, aud was out uf fclghi 
in a rnument. My friend was disappointed, bul 
he did not despair, He helioved he was not tc 
be baffled by a Gopher. So, next night, he mixed 
bis poison with paslo, and spread it over the 
like butter. Next morning, as on the 
former, a Gopher soon made hie appearance ; he 
L-et,,ved the tame cuining fellow who badalready 
itwiltcdhlm. He hoped it was, Tor he con- 
uded it would puwlc him to shako off the pre- 
paration which ho had now provided for him. As 
the previous morning, the Gopher main 
walked ca uli0(la , v op „, [)l(J ^^ ^ ^ 

lying ^Pllnelyl,, hi, wttyj^d bavin,. H,.,|hd 
m comment shaking one as formerly; 
tiled It again, and shook it again To imlUt 

tho fitmous ode or "the glorious Jonn," in regard 
the love-sick hero of Macedonia 

But this was not all. The good folks In San 
Francisco had learned that my friend was spread- 
ing poison over his vegetables, and many or bts 
former customers were reluctant lo have rurthcr 
dealings with a man by whom, however uninten- 
tionally, they ran a risk or being killed. Wo nil 
look lhe hint ; and nobody, from that day forth, 
entertained lhe idea of oiterminaling oureoemie; 
by such doubtful and dangerous means. 
But, as Burns says, 


Ik. It, ■:.,,. ri, T i,; 

l iiii *• nit there, «» B m. 
''oliorfnao ithorwber 



At length, convinced lhat there was 
wrong with them, which hodid nbi'car 
ling himself to investigate, he turned 
on his heel, and cutting for himsclfo, 
worth atleaat two bits, with a Laugbl 
ricditolT to his burrow, contempti 
wholo deportment ehoiviug (hat he 
why ho should bo taken for an egregi 


for troub- 

u"ly ; hi., 


is ninny. 

Onr unsuccessrol attempts at tlieir immediato ex- 
termination induced mo to bo ttioro observant ol 
Iheir peculiarities and habits. I found that thoy 
are impatient of water, and seldom molest gardens 
which are properly irrigated; and, though amus- 
ingly pugnacious when unearthed, that Ihey aro 
naturally shy aud cautious. I also found that 
two or three or them will do agrcat deal ofharm, 
and lhat tho clearing ofa garden does not gene-' 
rally involve the slaughter of so many individuals 
is wo may have been inclined to believe. 

-ion, in so small an- animal, renders the Gopher 
in easy proy. When ho comes out of his bole. 
10 reaches himself up, and looks cautiously round 
lim, before proceeding lo select those tender 
vegetables to which ho is partial. Now is lhe 
imo to nail him, particularly in the morning 
bout sunrise. Let any gardener who is molested 
lib. Gophers, send a man abouL this time to 
wkovcr the garden. Uo will soon discover 
.heir whereabouts from the freshly turnod-up 
earth. Ho will not have long lo wait before ho 
will observe ono show his nose. Let him be pro- 
pared, and have his gun ready leveled After 
knocking off the loose, earth from tho mouth of 
Ms hole, the Gopher will slrclch himself up, to 
tee whether there is danger in Iho way. Now is 
tho lime lo lire, hutthogunncr should takoagood 
aim. An ordinary shot will ,-cldum miss as tho 
poor follow seems a little bewildered at Urst with 
the light, and lakes longer to look round him 
ou would naturally cspect. 
idopting this course for only a ft 

ishing what a difference will be 

Tbe Grnpc-Vjuc. 
[The following is tho article, on tho culture o 
the grape-vine, In which reference was mode Li 
our columns last week :] 

Tue grape-vine, although held in Iho emble- 
matical category of plants as tho prolotypeor in- 
rlheless, tho prolific parent or 


.which no Stale or JTi 

i tho t 

. — „, uaulu| . L . ,„,,,.. , ll||i: 

ck-irly shows that, though indiVMlimlly very UN* 
-hievous, they aro seldom very numerous in well 
ulliwted garden?. So far as my own experi 
t*e goes, I had no trouble with, hem after ' ih, 
rst year ; and I believe the same was tho ca'. 
■ilh all my neighbors al tho Mission. 
Squirrels and Rabbits cannot easily be exter 
tinalcd by such means. But their coso mns 
:and adjourned till next week An,,.,.,.. 

jIiLLaavex, Ju, 1 165S. ' Anl " t ">'-*. 

Paint Yoor Hotuei and Itnpbmonta. 
e the clear good weather last,, all who 
ibto their dwellings and other boildincs 
Ip-ove light, and water and wea.her proof, 

should not forget they can have Oalifomia Paints 

lo work with, ol modcrnlo prices. 
Partners shuuld paint their reapers, mowers, 

Cnlifortiln in producing. 
If Bacchus, who is said to bate Bret taught lhe 
U50 of tho vino in making wine (in honor of 
which he worn tbe first crown ever made, and 
which was made or vino leaves), hod originated 
tho device of manufacturing this exciting bever- 
age In lhe nineteenth century, tho pcoplo would 
undoubtedly have held him in as high and gra te- 
rn, as did the Grecians, who conferred 
i the exalted title of a god. Pliny talis 
"tho vino sprang from the blood of tho 
giants; who, having made war on the gods, 
perished in battle." From Lhe treatment in 
many inslances wo have seen given this plant, 
which holds up its gratcfol head, and frequently 
lloorishes under tho most cruel treatment, we aro 
inclined to believe that tho tacit influence of 
superstition has still something to do 
dern notions, in governing tbo actions of 
grape growers. It is believed, by many, that tho 
shes best planted upon soil saturated 
lood of animals; and in many estab- 
great expense has been incurred In 
s mailer, such as slaughterhouse 
and tho like, for tho purpose or 
il for the grape-vino. Nothing is 
Ihao this system or bringing 
Und aiumil matter ioto immediate contact 
ith the tend! r Uloments or a plant. Instead of 
Lvfng a vivifying influence, it rather destroys 
tbo spon e ,olcs-tl, n delicate and hair-like organs 
•if absorption. The soil best suited for the grape 
» a light porouB virgin soil, mode generous by 
tboral applications of decayed vegetable matler 
table "■aii[pre,(oad-icrapings, ilc.; besides, horns, 
(Oofs, bonus, oyster-shells, old shoes, and other 
abslancesor slotv decomposition— ail thoroughly 
neorporatcd with lhe soil before the vines aro 
plaulcd. A position should bo selected for a vine- 
yard v,here tho sub-soil is neither cold nor re- 
tentive of moisture. In cold, moist sub-soils lhe 
exeremcutitious discharges of the grape-vine— 
which aro very great-arc retained, and prOduco 

collecting c 
offal, deal 

enrich ■ ■ 

of which there is little danger, if Iho cuttings aro 
carefully iofcf in the trench, and tho soil pressed 
i, nnlv agaipst lhem with the hand in sufficient 
quantity to hold them in their places, while a, 
spade or hoe may he used lo finish tho filling up, 
and smoolh the ground. Propagation from tho 
single eye Is to he preferred to slips or cuttings ; 
but as it requires more time and attention to raise 
plants in this manner, those totally unskilled in 
the art would fail to havo that success they would 
by the former molhod. It would be superfluous 
to say that cutlings ought to be well ripened 
vood ol one summer's growth, gathered at the 
all or winter pruning of tho vines, whic6 ought 
to be done towards the close or December, in this 
locality, at latest ; or when the vines have shed 
1 their leaves and the wood is thoroughly ripe, 
io cutlings now, gathered should be buried in 
ud, or in soil, where Ihere is plenty of drainage, 
— "il early spring, when they may be taken up 
and planted, as already mentioned. When tho 
cutlings have grown one summer and ripened 
3d in the fall, they should be cut hack to 
., __ from tho original stock, ond curefolly 
token up and transplanted in tho vineyard. Fall 
or winter transplanting of tbe vine in this coun- 
try, where there Is no severity of weather to 
ill ripened wood, is preferable to spring 
planting; for bleeding at Iho roots, which fre- 
quently results from spring planting, Is, in a. 
great measure, avoided by transplanling in fall or. 
winter. Where vines aro grown on tho French 
vineyard system, sii feet apart each way is a good 
distance for them to stand. 

Pruning and General Treatment.— Practical 
experiment has proved satisfactorily lo my owa 
mind, that no mechanical rulo can he laid down 
with slriet propriety, be followed under 
istances, in iho culture of the grnpo. 
ise of individual judgment is over nc- 
. i insure successful results. Observing 
practitioners hare reasons of their own for vary- 
ing their treatment or plants, separate and nloor 
from those of tho scienlific investigator; yet it is 
a fact that cannot bo gainsayed, that scientific 
skill combined trllh practical experience, form 
tho only knowledge that can properly modify 
and control intermittent circumstances arising 
from climate and locality, and render thorn sub- 
'icnt to the interests of husbandry. The con- 
cralion of tho sap ; tho office tho loaf performs 
xbaling moisture ; in feet any part of vegetable 
physiology, would be unnecessary hero to touch 
upon. Tho only general rulo wo reel perfcclly 
(ado iti recommending, in pruning, and the general 
trealmeot of the grapc-viao. is to check tho ac- 
cumulation of soperaburidant foliage, and ram- 
bling lateral t boots, os much as can bo done wilh- 
" danger of bursting or starting iho huds on 
--- main stem oj tile same year's growth, for 
these a,o what aro to bo depended upon for a 
future year's fruit. A lateral shoot will start at 
iry joint, which ought ( he cut off at its Urst 
it thereby leaving ono bud on tbo lateral 
..-.icn .will start again, and which ought lobe 
cut off above the first joint or the new growth, 
and so on during tho season. Walcr should not 
be [Jivcn u, very b .r,;it .j^r.titj.-, ■,, J.ile Iho vino iB 
in Uower, because the lecundaiin" dust is some- 
times so much affect-. j l,v in,,,, I. ,,,!,. supplies of 
' "■ '"prevent the r™it from ''letting' 


the ■-■. 

Dr. J. L. 1'uIIii.imu.;, ,.f ;-;«.i. ir.,1-1,!..,, 
tbI agent for lhe large Paint Works uf 

Propagation.— Tho method of propagation 
u.t generally followed, and that requiring iho 
ost care and attention, is by slips or cuttings. 
Ihcso cuttings should beat least two feet or four 
i,lonfi-the lower end of which should be 
oeo to lhe joint or bud, thereby leaving _ 
at its lower extremity- except that which 
the actiou of the bud incites lo .olive life Thoy 
should be planted in a trench, made with the 
at least fifteen mohes deep, or suflicienlly 
deep io admit uf two joinls of (he entire cultin E 
covered wilb soil, The Ircnch should he 
■do lhat he cuttings, when planted, will 
in a leaning posture— say about forty de- 
grees. A foot apart will bo none loo much for 
^ filings t o sumd [„ lho dr|U i n p , ttn[i 
"II ngs, care should be taken not to force then, 
to the required depth by the hand, for by so 
aohft the bark at tbe extremity may be *> d£ 
l-rhed !hat disease of the part is sure lo occur ; 

...v !«!,, n , m ... , re n I'll varieties — 
I-.-.tuiuhkau, White Frontignac 
; , which in my opinion would suc- 
wisu n-uii in some of onr mountain girdons tho 
fruit-bearing shoot will generally show three 
bunches ol Iruit, and die- three niihio the first 
Ave joints or its growth. Not mom lhan orte 
bunch unj-ht to remain on each shoot. After tho 
fruit is rairJy,,Y, and the berries swollen to about 
hosiio of a marrowfat pea, the vines will then 
egm tho hardest part uf their trunk,,,,,,. 
.Jbor-tho making of stones or seeds, which in 
all plants, is the fruit proper. The knife should 
not he used nt this tun,, but rather let the later- 
als ramble, as by cutting U, eol oil; a flow or sap 
would befo,c=d ,,,,-n rtie berries a, a limo when 
they are in a state not filled to receive il It 
being lho returning sap that feeds the fruit the 
proper use of the knife m preventing lhe ne ease 

It mu^not'h ^ ^ tb Y* t0 'i 'K? 
It must not bo understood Hal lo the evk-nt , ou 
prevent lho increase of wood while lhe "i,lt 
too^^bVtTTu™" 1 Wi " 3-0U increaso 
liW » th . e rrUlt - Tnc bnire must never heso 
liberally used as to prevent the Ircond health fiTl 
operations or all lhe functions of the plant D 
ccmplellon of tho second swelling of the fruit 
■hey swell but little when forming lho seed), t 
will begin to color, at which limo watering ought, 
■n a great measure, lo be suspended. This will 
accolcrato their ripening, and add lo their bloom. 

A New Sawh-ill.— A very exootlont sawmill 
has reoontiy boon eroded at Pleasant Valley, 
El Dorodo odunty, by Moears. Fleming, & Co." 
Thoy run two seta of largo saws. 72 inches 
onoh. An abundance of excellent timber is near 
by, of pino of various kinds, ond spruoo and fir, 
Avery superior kind of U„ oak of extra quality 
m found suitable for e.xles, plowa, buums oto 
Tho mill saws 12 hours por day. and throws 
12,000 foot of lumber to cuoh sot of saw. 
Tbo Company aro Gxing tho works so ns to saw 
logs or 7 and 8 root in diameter. It Is a very 
unbound? Grm ' " d " ,0 mi " WU1 d ° fi° ofl t0 


Califoriua fotts. 

,., nllllol]l , tDn]0O1 , n p fl n n .7l^,«r 0B ff-.dd-lth 1 .tit 

, ik .a.taof.«..i..b». J .«.-/'»»- 

rCTmrk ha. tai m.d. bj .W 
(lta „ B b >b. P.iha,r., r ,. : U85n •! ■»£ 

those countries'" 

climb t 

.; ibor Eball ion upoi 


„.„ jieth btforo Uura 

i- .,0 banietb; the land b ai tho Gi 
ihtm, ul behind lb™ a aoiolaUi an 
nc-laiac >oalle«op« lbom._ Too mo 
u tho Bond of chorlota 

o liatllo. And 

n klnc oi 

(o the PnsHlo Occoi 
im mod in to vicinity- 
- _.j™ knowledge of tho natives 

- ol the I-aogostos 

of Cnli- 

ostify fro 

w Ii Abodrji 

ttTorecks il l> AF° u T on " 

Tqe bets connected with lh« »»■*» °J 
Locust species or insects to the countries o 
North American Contin*n.offectedb,-as 
l.rity I" PM"1 8«g"I*T' soil fln ?. clln "" . 
S" of ihe most curios and interesting 
«;.Hhi n t O0 -g0 Of t, :niS .oryo ho 
N.linil Sciences, From the chroniclers or the 


October, 1SSG, and commencing about the middle 
or May posi, tii-so ">«£=" h "° cxlerdcd lhHn : 
sdtes over a space of the earth's surface much 
gn ,Ur than has ever boon noted cither in ancient 
or modern limes. Foreiamplo: the entire tern- 
torpor Washington «nd Oregon and every vaJ. 
Id. of lie State ot California, ranging from the 
pLttto Ocean to the eastern base of the Sierra 
Kevada. The entire territories of Utab and New 
Mexico and the immense grassy prairies lying 
-on the Cflslern slopes of the Rocky Mounts. 
The dry mountain valleys of the Republic of 
Mexico, and the countries ot Lower California 
and Central America, and also those portions of 
the State of Texas which rcsomplo the physical 
characteristics of Dtah and California. These 
records prove thai the Locusts have extended 
themselves in one year a surface of country 
comprised wilbin thirty-eight degrees of latitude 
and euTuteeo degrees of longitude (in the broad- 

fornip, tho frequent 

this country. They wero very 

summer of 1840, as tho writer 

iSn^yinclc^nt .inters. Through- 
rdtirLia, with its a»t< 1S43 
throughout Lower California, New BleXico.and 
111 the dry, and the elevated mesas or plateaus of 
t he Republic of Mexico, their ravages hove been 
noted bv the old Spanish chroniclers, from thi 
1 settlement of the countries : 
trappers, hunters and travelers 
regions, tor tho last fifty-five 
Russian ond French 

of roasting them for food, and of which ^they are 

very fond. This Is always found o sicRcn en 


loltlur's and natWes of old, 

avelcrsand voyagers who ba- 

by tho pit 

by many irate' ;■' ■""' 

California and the Rocky Mountain country, and 

also by the Jesuits of Lower California. Tho 

Grasshoppers appeared in 1855 in much largo 

numbers in the valley of the Sacramento, and the 

mountains whicb bound iton the eastern or bierra 

Nevada side, etc., than in any other part of the 

State, and ho-cand in Utah they committed the 

greatest ravages. 

in the southern coast counties thoy wero com- 
parolivoly few in number, and d.d very little in- 
jury ; they were more troublesome around Los 
Angeled wbero olso in <ho south. The 

loticed by 

r M"i.l'T 

papers in 

also, by Amcrii 
through* tho same rcg 
yours; also, by Engli— . 
writers and navigators. The Socraniento-\ alloy 
mtion that whole orchards, gardensand 
have been consumed by them, insovoral 
lo tho ontiro destruction of tho crops of 
particular individuals. One gentleman near 
Sacramento City had the fruits of his orchard 
nd gardens destroyed to the assumed amount ot 
twenty thousand dollars. Entire fields of young 
grain-crops and gardens have been eaten up 
within tho space of a single day, leavinc. tho 
ground like a frost-willed, blackened desert. In 
some parts of the valley they annoyed tho pass- 
engers and horses of the public stages to such an 
extent as to cause tho greatest ipconvenienco, 
biting the hon-es, or flying into the faces of the 
pagers and Oiling the air so as to obscure tho 
sun. They appear in some cases to have posi- 
tively endangered human lire. Tho only feasible 
remedy appears lo have been, to sweep ihem up 
them, or gather Ihcm 
or them with dirt, or 



wing ; tho legs 

est part), I 

t one-twelfth tho superficial 

into great heaps 
into long ditchc 

consume them thero with Are. Tho annual con- 
flagrations or our plains occurred this year (1S55) 
■ly, rrom the air being oiccedinj-lv :tmI; 
the dryest year, indeed, since 1816, which circom- 
ippeare to have bad considerable cilbcCin 
destroying the swarms of Grasshoppers ; as, to 
escape the heat, the animals seem to have en- 
deavored to keep out of tho influence of the Bros, 
and being driven before tho winds, wero swept 
into Suisun Bay in incredible numbers. The 
passengers in the steamer from Sacramento lo 
San Francisco, on Satuidaj tho Hlh of July last, 
state that they felt in soch Incredible numbers 
into the waters or the bay as to mako, in places, 
a complete covering over tbo surfaco. When 
driven ashore afterwards with tho tides, they 
Filled tho air with a difgusting stench. 
It would seem that tho only fe 
roylng the propagation and 
ml Is that which nature am 
suggest. Tho extensive conflagration of th 
grassy plains and bills of Calitornia has bee 
noticed over since iho years 1542-13, in the a( 
count of the voyage of Joon RodriBues Cobrill. 
and particularly near San Pedro (the present - " 
barcadeio for Los Angeles), which bo 
Bay of Smoko. 

Tho French have a very pithy reply to grum- 
blers, and people whoso inquisitorial intellects 
have been shaped into pertinacious notes of in- 
terrogation: "What God mode, God made good." 
The entire range of California, Dtah and F.astern 
Zi comestibies"of Oregon, and ^burins countries, being deserts, 

6 of the 

_orfa'ce of the dry land or onr planet. 

Wo have very little doubt that tho future re- 
cords of Russian and British Amtrica will dis- 
close the fact, of the entire country on the Pacific 
Ocean, north of Washington Territory, and ex- 
tending north and east within the physical char- 
acteristics of the Rocky Mountain chain, with its 
peculiarity of wet and dry seasons which affect 
this entire district of tho Western Hemisphe. 
—being visited by tbo different varieties of t 
iocuiftt. It would bo i very singular coim 
donee if the Lacuita should have made thi 
visits to the Countries of the Soulbern Continent 
in 1855, as their ravages have been several 
noted by the hislorianaof Colombia, Peru, Chile, 
Argentina and Brazil. 

On several days in June, July and August of 
of 1855, tho Grasshoppers (or langoiUu of tho 
Spaniards) were seen in sucb incredible numbers 
in t'bo.valleyof tho Sacramento, in California; 
in the valley of Colima, in Southwest Mexico ; 
in the valley of Iho Great Salt Lake ; in Western 
Texas and certain valley s of Central America— that 
thay filled theair like flakes of snow on a winter's 
day, and allocked everything green or succulent 
with a voracliy and dispatch, destructive to tho 
hopes of agriculturists and herdsmen. Immense 
amounts of frails, vegetables, groin-crops and 
■cultivated plants, bovo been utterly destroyed by 
them; and oven the eatables 
itrawli-rc have not been soared, as is staled in the P 11 "" 

covered with trees, and everywhere thickly 
thinly clolhed with grasses, wo know then I 

i-eighihs long by one eighth of ; 
lh three black blotohcs on oao 
also barred black ; th 
body parts of ochorous yellow; tho inside wings, 
which ^a-e very thin, are yellowish, with a broad 
black rringo. The head is of a lighter color then 
tho body, and is as bard as tho shell of a. peanut. 
Tho mouth Is ormed with two hard, black forceps, 
nearly one-eighih of on inch long, tho inside 
cdgMof which are beveled inwards, and finely 
serrated, and very keen. Four of these Octobe! 
grasshoppers {which wo take to bo males, .« 
full-grown) weigh thirty grains weight, which 
would make a swarm or two millions of tho ani- 
mals weigh somewhat nbout thirty-two thousand 
pounds, or sixteen tuns of two thousand pounds 
each. If, standing on the plains of tho Sacra- 
monto, or of Dtah, during one of tho days of 
July, when the Grasshoppers "wero as niimcroi 
as Hakes of snow on a winter's day," and descnl 
inginlhe transparent atmosphere a radius of 
seven miles in diameter, ond a quarter of a tni! 
in altitude, end supposing that each grosshoppi 
would occupy the space of one cubic toot, an 
estimating this radios as the extent of a man 
vision in snoh a place, and under such circun 
stances, wo would orrSvo at tho incrediblo omou, 
of ono thousand, eight hundred and twenly-thr 
billions, and one hundred and seventy-five mi 
,-er,orihis destructive insect to 1 

Palestino, and tho countries of tho Medj- 
terranean shores that wo may yet bo afflicted even 
with the direful malady called the Plasm, which 
has ravaged thoso countries times without num- 
ber, and desolating thiok populations with ita 
blaok and sickening horrors, has shown that 
man can bo reduced, though trained under influ- 
ences of tho most ennobling and refining civib.-i- 
tion, to a lovol with the poor brute heasts which 
crop the grass of tho earth, or burrow 
and caves of deserts; for il has been 
the historians of nntiqnlty ond modem 
pcslilonco ond sickness follow too ol 
vake or memorable visitations of thu Loctota; 
■nd probably tho plague was bora of its distress- 
na n HI it fu,us. E61 us then not forget the warn' 
ings of the past, and particularly of 1855, in oh. 
own territories. Tho Grasshopper will no doubt 
bo upon us In numbers a thousand-fold increased, 
in future years, as has been indicated before in 
Opplt Calibrnia,as related by the Jesuit Fathers 
Truly, in popular parlance, it is a'subjeel whKih 
ought to "be kept before tho people." And, doing 
a small share of duly, wo shall say Amen. 

Since the year 1823, Grasshoppers have several 
times ravaged and destroyed tho fields and gar- 
dens ot the Franciscan Missions of Upper Cali- 
fornia. About tho year 1827, or 1838, they ate 
id occasioned t 



II o !• i; NURSERY. 

. THE KunorytilooaMdiecoodblflcknorthoattor 

In Collforola. 3 



sii ...»t.-<l oi. Uio Nni>« Blvor, at Snstnl Ferry, 

JKJSj£|j THE undersigned wishes to call»*g 



Also a choice lot "1 U All I) US <n„l GREES- 

'nnv&E I'I.asts honkh. xupuvs. .yc, 

0"»*rWl ■" ° f lh jS2; "eh L""" 10 ' ° f C0l,iV '"' :i 

up nearly all tho growing crops, f 
severe scarcity of wholesome food, as their rava[ 
extended to tho postures, which consumed t 
food of tho herds of stock animals, that in lo 

deteriorated in sustenativo qualities, 
the Mission of Santa Clara, Padre Jose Tind 
fired tho pastures, and getting oil his neophy 
together made such an infernal noiso, that th 
which wero not killed by tho smoko and ft 
were frightened off so thoroughly as to save 
grain crops, and tho Mission fruit gardens. 

About 1634^35 occurred another visitotion of 
tho Grasshopper, when they destroyed a second 
time tho crops of tho rancberos, and Missions, 
-ith tho exception of tho wheat. Ala third visit, 
old settlor informs us that they coin- 
" Rafael, and on thu 

.[i.tJ tin- 

ir lands or h 

tains, sparsely 

iSacromenlo Union of the Bib September, ultimo, 
■on tbo authority of Mr. Jacob Uarvcy.who 
that bis pony of emigrants encountered, on the 
western Elopes of tho Rocky Mountains, about 
tbo end of Jane lost such multitudes of Locusts 
flying to tho eastward as lo neorly ouseurc tho 
beivena. In Western Texas, incredible numbers 
wero seen by various travelers, in July and Ao- 
guit, who also mention a species of bird which 
accompanied tho flight of iho Locust 
flocks, probably the sterling or blackbird, ond 
devoured them with great avidity. In the st 
■vey of the Great-Sal t-Liko country, by Captt 
Henry Stansbury, in 1850, are described and 
figured three orifour species of Gryllidoo, which 
are found in tho vicinity of Eastern Utah, ond 
which are very tittle different from those of Cali- 
.fornli; most likely tho very camo species. Every 
. traveler, trapper and trader, hovo mode mention 
.of these animals, in writing about those regions. 
Wo may here mention the accounts of the 
Mexican press of 1854-55, in which are related 
the extraordinary appearance of the Locusta in 
tbe valleys of the States of Chiapas, Honduras 
and G no lamalo, about tho time of a terrible con- 
vulsion of earthquakes, all or which occasioned 
In those countries an Intense scarcity of food, pro- 
ducing indeed actual fmnino and disease which 
carried off many ol their inhabitants. 

Tho Shasta Courier, printed In the northern 
Sacramento moontainSj remarks that "an Wed' 

iely dry for three months of tho 

year, when they either lake fire from accidenl or 

design ; or, as Is roost likely in some cases, from 

■ilion of the leaves and glajcd stalks in a 

dry and windy day. As soon as the porched 

itolion is G red, with a good breere of wind, 

111 lick up and burn down on immense dis 

l of country before it is slopped by a wido 

r 1 1 1 r 


nesday last 1.19th September, 1855) 
flight of Grasshoppers passed over 
flying vteslword. Tho greater porti 
flew very high, and could only be se< 
ing Ihc eyes from the aan. They wi 
in the heavens as flakes 

progress i t eon eumes and destroy: 
luro nol capable of speedy flight 
r eKope; ond among Iho things It does, good 
nd bad, we must include the suffering it causes 
sick Gia^hopp»(«, thclt oodcvelupcd larvre, 
,nd tho millions ot eggs thoy lay in tho ground- 
is well as ihousandsof tho healthy plague, whoso 
ivings ond legs got singed ond burnt in trying to 
-ualio their eBsape from the devouring heat. The 
jluiosphero, under such circumstances, hecomes 
In places, or extraordinary parching hcot. 

wind, at times, must conspiro (In large 
fires) also, lo bring immense numbers of 
the Grasshoppers within the infii 

.filing them, bring them to the ground 
very speedily. In a strong gale, when swarms 
Grasshoppers are on the wing, high in the air, 
they are swept along nofsiu rolenj, until, as the 
w> slackens, they arc obliged to descend, and 
. foil Into Iho waters of .largo bays, scan, and, 
ro Shalt sea, even of largo extents of tho sur- 
faco of tbo ocean, whoro thoy Tall o prey to greedy 
of which In particular tho waters of every 
by shad- 1 hay and lake of Colirornia do most astonishingly 
thick abound, and at those very seasons when tli 
low-storm. | Grasshoppers are more plentiful. Wo hai 

seen by humon oyes ol one time. 

Iho habits of this insect ought to be diligently 
observed by iho cultivators of the soil in our 
State. It requires from the Stale aulhorilies the 
employment or tbo best naturalists to study and 
compile, for public use, tho most searching inves- 
tigation into the birth, multiplication, and best 
methods of checking the increase, of this terribly 
devouring and consuming pestilence. Wo may 
nolo hero that tho Grasshopper in July, around 
Monterey, where but few came this year, is no 
more than half the slio which it is in October 
and thai the female, or what wo take to he thi 
female, is of a yellowish color. This rerurs lo tbo 
species found near Monterey, only. But all thi 
requires closer study and continued observation. 
Since writing the above wo met with the fol- 
lowing forcible nulices from the Oregon and Salt- 
Lako papers : 

Grasthopper Ravages.— In tho southern part 
of Orison, ill--- pri'iiL-m suifjn, crafsliO|if.ers linvi- 
becn ravaging tho country, utterly deMruying 
even- green vegetable sut^Uiiiee. Fruit trees 
hun/^ill'i.-reil preaily frnm their depredations, ond 
in certain localitis". "Inde iiur-irks 'if fruit trees 
havo been killed, and whole llelds of crops 
destroyed. The pr^.-lioypurn in rented Northern 
California hsi year, and seem lo bo making a 
pilgrim^e Uirrmjiii Uri-son. Thi* year they have 
dime but little daiiiiigeJ.tiisM'k- ol Lin- Ciilnpotiin 
alatmtainn, but are getting quite numerous in 
Linn, Lane, and Btnton counties. It is feared 
Hint they is ill m:iV.t sn.l imvoc nest year through- 
out the Willamette Vnlley. There seems to bo 
no F'jlely from tlitir Jiiiipi'lali'iriri, and lliey would 
seem lo be as bad a pest as the locnftn uf Eiypt. 

They hive irile-U-d pnrli ; uf t'nlifoniia the prist 

season— sweeping all before them I and in Utah 
they bave destroyed at least one-half of the crops. 
Fences, ditches, or streahis seem to present no 
barriers to their ravoges.— [Oregon Tiroes, Sep- 
tember 2D. 

The Great Salt Lake Sows of 10th Sept. Inst, 
stales tho t on Thursday, 3ilth August, several 
millions of gr.issli',|iji'.T.-. d ■■c-'nilid on tho scttle- 
uients north of Utah oiimty. destroying every- 
tliinu gn-tn in their way. Tlie county of Tooele 
was visited by a similar plague. 

ifttd from the bt>l.u,....ia]-tif.'veil 
„ non colli voted in ttiD I'nllcd heai 

We hope Ihey will not slop flying until thoy amused ourselves by the hour, when at Beniclt 
reach tho FaclEc." And no End in the accounts In 1851, by throwing Grasshoppers into Iht 
of Iho press of Humboldt and Klamath counties, waters of tho Straits of Carquinez, and wilneis- 

Ihat about this time tho Grasshoppers did visit 
tba Tailoys of their octan vicinity. Tho Oregon 
and Washington Territory papers also notice, 
- that in the first week of September the Grass- 
hoppers were becoming more numerous than ever 
In their valleys, ond doing great damage. Tho 
Deserol News (of Utab) notices, In ono or Its 
Joly issues, lhat at ono lime the Grasshoppers 
filled tbe atmosphere of tho Salt-Like country 

ing how soon they were picked up by the highly 
" e little Qah of various opecies, that de- 
light in making thot sub -salt current their oqueoua 
habitation. And Ihey make very good Qsh to 
i ovary wayfarer or resident In those 
parts can testify. 

In many parts north ot the Bay of San Fran- 
cisco the wild Indians wero seen sweeping the 
Grasshoppers into piles and holes, for tbe purpose 

Il is a Utile singular that though the ravages 
of the yra-sl j uppers haie been noticed by all tho 
1855 presses of California, Utab, Oregon, and 
Washington, and porticulnrlj by thoso of the 
Sacramento and Utah volleys, nut ono of these 
presses has mode any detailed description of the 
different species of Z,ornis!ti infesting thosa dis. 
triets of country. Nor havo any of our naturalists, 
or observing writers, mode more Ihnn a passing 
notice of thu animal, whose history hereafter, by 
future chroniclers, will leave the most melan- 
choly marks of itn ■lev.islaiii.ns and destructions 
on the means of life and subsistence, and, proba- 
bly even safe prosperity of the people who may 
Oil up these territories with tho industrious re- 
sults of generations of accumulated labor. If 
they havo been recorded in the annals of Africa, 
Asia, ond Europe, for four thousand years, ond 
havo been chronicled In the histories of Iht Cali- 
fornia! for one hundred years, wo may bo Burt 
that there is nothing to prevent their periodical 
lam iue-ii ink ing visits within tbo boundaries 
tho Norlh-PaeiBe slope, for four thousand years 
more Let it not be forgotten, that tho devour- 
ing ravages of tho Lunula hive driven races and 
nationa of men to starvation, desperation, and 
oven sanguinary revolutions : overturning dynas- 
ties, systems, and governments, and leaving bea- 
cons of deserted cities and countries, as memen- 
tos of the ignorance and fotuitoufi folly of man, as 
well os of tho unfathomable mysteries of Divino 

And let us also remember that as California so 
exceedingly assimilates in Its physical character- 

milled great ravoges nt 
north side of the Bay. 

single afternoon, a Hold of thirty acres of boons 
_nd peas, consuming to the surfsce of the ground. 
In these parts they stopped for three years run- 
ning. An old California sea captoin informs me 
lhat ho has sailed through the Sanin, Barboio 
Channel, and neighboring waters, when tho sur- 
face of tho oceon wos covered for miles and miles 
with tho dead bodies of Grasshoppers; Iho air 
being filled with them at tho same time. Shoah 
of fish fed on thorn. 

A gentleman who resided in Colusi county, ir 
Iho Sacramento valley, in tbo summer of 1855, 
Informs mo that these insects appeared to risoo 
of tho eastern boundaries of tho valley, where 
is hot, dry, and sandy, and thot, on some days, 
they filled the air so as to obscure tbo sun. They 
consumed all gor.Icn 'vegetables, tbo leaves ond 
bark ot the elder tree, and ihe-young leaves ond 
bark of the small blanches or the cotton wood and 
low. ond even the soft green parts of the tules 
bullrushcs. Tn Stony Creek, in tho same 
county, their dead bodies wero seen, at one lime, 
completely covering iho surfiice of tho water, for 
miles in length. In some parlsof this valley, tbo 
Grasshoppers attacked and ato through gi>uzo, 
and textile coverings of all kinds, which had been 
used to shield animals ond plants from tboli 

The summer of 1855, and up to tho 31st of 
October, was the dry est which has boon know 
for ten years. The estoro or laguna on the fin 
near the town of Monterey, which opens into the 
ocean in Iho rainy season , became entirely dry, 
animals, So ports, could cross from one 
the other with safety. Tho waters o! Ihc 
lagoon appear to partako of tho character of a 
soda and nitrous lako. Il Is separated from tho 
ocean by some three hundied yards of a sandy 
beach, and its surfaco appears lo be always lower 
than that of Iho sea— about sixteen inches differ- 
ence. During Iho months of September and Oc- 
tober, 1855, the surface-bed was as while ns if 
covered with a layer of flue salt, and is no douhl 
identical with Iho substance called Tequesqilil 
which the Californions and Mexicans use fl 
making soap. As long as it contains water, it 
filled with an astonishing quantity of infutori 
and oqiiotio insects, as well os small frogs at ce 
tain years ; in tho winter and spring months il 
tho resort of numerous Backs of ducks of every 
variety. At limes, in the summer and Tall, tho 
lorvm, or skins of thosa insects, may hi 
immense quantities on the shore edges of tho 
stem. At their lowest stale, the 
cry bitter and milky, ond then become filled 
villi a species of ml'miti-hnnl infusoria, of a deep 
•rterial color, having the smoll or decaying fi,|i T 
vhen kept fur a few hours in a vessel; whon il 
Iricson the ground it has the appearance of flakes 
of Vermillion. Ai certain periods in tbo summer 
months a portion of the cstero, when stirred by a 
gentlo breeze of wind, oppears like a tnassof blood 
dissolved in water: at other limes, the water is 
intensely yellow, showing as if colored with 
ocberous earth. These appearance .i iudieiio.-itlier 
two species of Infusoria, or iufosoria in different 
stages or growth or tiidiirnorriliosis. It in highly 
probable that it is a variety of tho red Fpccies of 
the above infusoria, which causes the color of the 
Red Seo of Egypt. 

Apple t™;*^;* &; 

"tnck of Garden 

^l.|.-'|..ri.Vii'iliia.- ITiia 
i.'AT.A l,'n;i"]-- .-■nr.-.iiii 

Order* rrom a uliLriaee wl 

,,e.UiN.:'i'r tl 


5 O , O 







a s e Hood load! 

n E from Oakland id 

Million of 

no i™. 

THE (obforiber 

.t,„ ,L,r,.„i.. n .»t,i 

,. L -1; '■■< till El li-U-C-. 




bo'sTin; trooi, ond will tr 
i; nnd all tWo varieties It 
selected ivlib the groaleit 

All !■ 



To Make Nice Salt moit Biunc,— I 
ovor a good lire in an iron kottlo, and sk 

woll when it boils; then cool mid strain it. 

skim nieoly ngnin, then boil it down fast, ond 
tbo nioo Bait will settle to tho bottom; keep 

r'ti linn the salt out km fast as it sottles, nnd 

put it in n linen bag, and it will bo as nico table 
ealt as you buy, 

Asparagui Btdi. — Throw nil tho skimmini 
and nil tbo old Esh brine on asparagus bod 
also tbo Bweapings of the moat houses, if yon 
wont Gno aaparagua. — [Mrs. C. H. P. 

■ for them after ili-y are fernoi 

My Troos are grown onlirsli ullhunt 

lenllr "HI bear Iransntaatiag en any 

Prices of Trees. 

APPLE TilEES, iwo vein 

oo jar"! grmvib, from two to nvo feet lo 

,1 ,,:■!, T-Udllf 






All other T™ 


will bo cb 



Ob all oruon 

n lh 

niaod Tn 

itaont or tea i*r 
barge will ba modt fu 


Bill be m 










Idfo'n Compon»B*i 0[,i - 
Tnc happiness of this world is not so unequslly 
distributed as msny imagine | tho rich havonot 
.11 the privileges, nor the p«r "» lhc Pylons. 
Thank God, the purest pleasures of lib arc those 
ttnicb mono/ cannot bny. l'ho artisan, going 
from his ivejrisonio labor lo his humble home, as 
he meets the tovtMil anile of his wife, and Ukes 
fcls liir nnd heallhy child upon his knee, knows 
thrill of sweeter joy than the mosllnvisb eipondi 
lure of gold upon cosily slimuUnls can bring tho 
'idedmind of llio epicurean In pleasure. Tho 
wildwood flowers mid llio dan-drops nro n 
DOOgbt; the glory of .sunret and the migntficcn 
" of tho full moon ore free to ill. Tin; idunlii 
Check mid beaming eves of afleclioti cannot 
purchased i virtue and beauty receive not th' 
glorious riches from the hind or Mnmtnon ; t 
lalellcctually — 


if tho i 

nvly lioim 

,1-. Ion--. 

as lie beers bis bride to their 
with the impulse of affection, to ami 
form in the seme ntlotumeiits which 
FiEler,- «--■-■ Lohighlen their charms; bat it U » 
iVjli-h. il.o.^li '.'■■n-.T'iui impulse. If he lores nis 
bride. ;>".! -lie turn, ito.-v mv.i not covet (In- mW- 
tilion of tho>e n-ho-o love of rivalry, display, and 
•■pride ef fdace" hove most likely driven out sim- 
ple, heartfelt bappii " 

ir glance of onsullkd virtoe, 

f-rici-.n ud ivill make tho face 

en father, looking around 

r pcrceptiona as 
upon tl 
. shall hav. 
i n-'iili- ambition. 


of a won: 

So, the uorkjngmfln fathoi 

upon his blooming- children, 

Ihcir intellect is aS keen, Ihi 

ready, an those of the nobob'_ _,. 

Street; and he determines they ~lin.ll have similar 

advantages. This is a noble ambition. But, in 

these davs, it is no reason why a man should 
grumbling discontent, because 
ir system of common schools 
rithin reach of Ibe humblest, 
uca lion, every son and daughter 
o achieve rcs/iectautfity " 

Spend his years in 
he is not rich. 0' 

«l,:di ii 

stek tho power and honor conferred only by yQ | » 
money. Yet, that son or daughter may have ' - " ' 
yearn in gS'after the development of peculiar talents 
or genius: the .-en may thirst tu drink deep of 

:e Piereiti :-| rn l' of classical learning, m/y hi 
t gift lot a proR-. ion (without "inch especial 
calling he lias no tiusjtie-s to attempt compctitioi 
in the overburdened ranks ol the prfifjiai'Tis) 
and the daughter mm have visions of beauty, o: 
have dreams of melody, which call for her finger 
to occompliili '.li'.m.-Mli-'.s in [lulling or music. 

r the petty 

the Bea, 
i mans of 
With souls 

the details of 

rldly gifts. 

.1 into tr- 

Thcy a 

qb only 

in bis onfuriiishi.-l e-irret, ivith his coffee- pot and 
lull" of 1,ihli I, iii)i.l his hard bed in the same room 
with bim, is Mled with a richer pleasure, as ho 
situ, and dreams, and uroodn over the creation of 
his genius upon the camos before him, than it is 

Cbla for the wealthy ..-^.jiini who buys it of 

beloved, worshiped Ai 

Tdb Mangostcou. 
TnlS eitreonlinnry fruit isjust now attracting 

cuiiridrrul,],. dtii'iiiii'ii in Eiii.-liind, in onnao- 
quonco of its having lioen iViiitoil .-u.-cesid'olly 
at Sum House, tho seat of tho Duke of Nor- 
tbumberlnnd, ivhoro nt tho auino timo it bore 
flowers, ond tho ripo mid ripening fruit, ns rep- 
resented in tho drawing. 

Tho tnangosteon has lonu been col. 'Undo.! by 
travelers ns tho he.t kui'ivu fruit, and ,>ir.,rls 
bnvo boon frequently made In fiimiliiiriin- it to 
other countries thno Iho Malay Fciiinsoli. mid 
islands !i< I tu- 1'a.livard of Hi n-jal, but. till ii"«', 
in vniu. Tho rruitisofn spherical fotm ; <-f the 
siao of an onmpt— ivhen yuuiii:. it is of n rod- 
ilifli given color — when rir-e, of r, iir.oui; 
and, when old, nf n chestnut brown. 

Its succulout rind is Hourly tbu fourth of nn 
inch in thickness, con turning a vory powerful 
astringent juiw. and, in wet ivemlur i>sudinc a 
yellow gum, which IS a variety of Gamboge'. On 
removing the rind, ils eseulei.t subslunu" »j>. 
pours in tho form of a juicy pulp, haling tho 
whili'ne-- and .-nluliilily nf snow, and u refre.-h- 
inp-, rlelir-iie. i.lelieitui- fluvur ; (Ins is the pulp 
nf ilif cells, unil tin-si- ,-eparmn eiuilv from oaoh 
other, like the lobes of tin orange. "The flavor," 
soys one who ute the fruit ut Kyon House, "was 
i]'-liti"ii?, mid cnmpnrerl, by s-ouii' v.-bo part'mk 
of it, to that between a Grst rate poaoli and of 
i (rood grapo." 

Dr. Abel, whon speaking of tho fruits of Ba- 
iavia, soys, "to define il by pr.eiso Innguago 
would bo difficult. We are all minimis in carry 
away with as some precise expression of it* 
qualities; but, nfier Mili-i'ving nm-selves that it 

[■artoi.'k i.'f the 1.1. nip id lusle i.f ilie pill- i.ppb 

id peaoh, wo were obliged to confess tint i 

id many other equally c-ud. but utterly iues 

prossiblo, flavors. From iLs perfect wholesome 

ss, it may bo eaten in uuy quunlity; and, oj 

possesses no luscious qualities, it docs not 

cloy the palate. It is not (i littlo singular thnt 

u [ilunt nearly allied to the tlambi.e-. should 

yield so wholesome a fruit. The rind is ns- 

Ingeat, and employed ia eases of dysentery, 

ill tho bark of tho wood is used ss a dye." 

In British stores, it has attained tho night of 

a or twelve foot; ia the Malay is 

id to be twenty feet. A boiunicul description 

will bo found tu Curtis' ll'iuni-ul Muu'risirie, 

" ries. plate 4,817. All writers attest 

1 lo n co.— [Horti c u 1 1 u ris t. 

of tho abovo from 

BOOKS, &c. 


m tBOU TUB PP.EH3 or 


mil- of dim 

his tine 
for tho 

Ask h 

. il b 

iccumulollng bonds and tnort- 

will ho say that he has over 
sofony Fifth Aveaoe palace, 
3 equal tho splendor of the un- 
rotiirh uhieh bia iumginalion 

the sunset, 
momrllgbt, gems 

ol the dew uno i.-.Jeif.ll, draperies of intangible 
n, i-l.i and ii.eii[, lovely shadows, spray 

and fulli-,-. wilt, .ill rile d.Jie-bt ivtiith lliev e; I ■."._- 
and Hit i.,:i.ily whnib Ih.-y ■;.,i;';el— ior the brown mansion oflhoniilU.inairel Will b e not 
fay ihi.t ln-,lv, and lusnightdl 

earthly palaeej 


which he constructs these— got 

deep sympathy with the beait o 
mighty iimeof love, his keen dc 
is fair, his broad and boundless re. 
and iniauiiiiinm. w here i.iie-el-i Hal!;, 
more beautiful tht" " 

humanity, hh 

?hlinnli that 

if feeling 

(tautirol than lloutts, linger to 
will he not soy that these ■ 

in Il«aven 1 
cholar, and the t 

tntiDc t 

-— will they 
-... f ..„.,jn!mi E with those of the 

t e„-.,li . m, ,1,. ■ ,,,.i, Jllrl:1 Yet, for what nobler 
pir....... are be u„.o. ,.,| il.e.e fmtune, ^qain.d, 

than,,,],,;,,;-,,.,, -„.,.! ,!„!,,. , 

rlchcloibes,a;l y l,o„ e, ;,„■! lurlhD ^^ 

of rivalry, arrogance, and ostentation 1 

^ A good fortune. well_ spent u[nn objects of real 

vorks of A 

r, thusiek, a 

id sonl, upon tho poor, 1 
ggling men of talent, upon the adi 
Kcieoco and general intohfgonco, it a do- 
'iw acquire money for 

•uch purposes ! 

crihov D ra r l ;.^."i fc lon _ E .': ' 

■o unmindful of tin 
rfthe blue heaven 
polilan Art Journa 

the throng 

Kecon-ider your fortunes, 
notcausefor true thankful- 
so madly for the glittering 
101 see how you trample out 
ayside! Why will j 00 bo 
rtrneraDcanpon the air, and 
ivcr your beads 7— [Cosmo- 

S'hlSj.^ U " r r7" . Ul11 ''■'haw.f 

Of utility a, 

thai will s „ 

, ! ">' V' '."'"'■ Ereot woik 

pieiiee. tins is the work 

mini or tune— tho glory 
s, and shines with midyiug 
m to generation, imrartlug 

our friend Sydney Smith, Esq., of Saci 
who hos lately returned from tho Sandwich 
I -I and-, restored tu health, wo are happy to say. 
The fruit, though old, was very doliciotts, and 
can be cultivated in this State. 

Fay or tho Bute Employees. 
Ev tlio law passed April 21st, '56, the follow, 
ing nro tho salaries of tho Stoto Officers and 
their Assistants, together with the pay of tho 
members of the Legislature as fixed by that Act. 
Tho reduction of pay effected by this law did 
not apply to those the.u in oflico during tho term 
' -— ih they had beon elected: 


ir of Si 

Secretary of State 3,500 

Controller of State 

Treasurer of State 

Ati'Tiu v Genoral _.... 

Surveyor General 

Superintendent ,,f L»,i K»]i 

Quartor-Slnster Genoral 

Judges of the Supremo Court, eaeli 0.000 

Judges of [ho 1st, 2d and 13tb Districts, 

Judges of the 3d and 15th Distriots, oaoh, 3.500 
Judges of the ?th, 8th and 9th Dist., each, 4, 
Jodgea of tho 4th, 5th. Gfh, 10th, 11th, 

12th and 1.4th Districts, oaoh 5, 

lovernor's Private Seorotnry 2, 

Clerks of Secretary, Controller and Treosi 
■f Suae, eneh Si;iiii per month. 

'I'tiu Lieut. -limit G'.venior («|io is I'ro-idont 
■l" tie, S.uat-1, m,,l the Speaker of tho Hot 

:ueli r.-eeivi- S12 per ilieiu. during the SCBi 

't'tli- 1.. ■■.Mature, and tho sume mileage thnt is 
■llowed members of Ilia Legisloturo. 

Tho members of tho Leglsleluto roceivo $1( 
■erdiem, during the first ninety days of tin 
et.-ion, and fie 4:lbir> for the rf.mainj,-r of 
aeh ressivu, and g-l for every twenty mile-' 
ravel, by tho m,ir,'A mail route, from llieir 
edidenee- n. tho place nf holding the neodou, 
nd Tn returning therefrom. 
Members reeeive no pay when absent from 
th-ir i-ijt v.-ill.oul te ive, ,i'.r eiu tli-v draw unv 
■f thoir salary in advottco. 
Tho Sectary of tho Senate, the Chief fieri; 
f the Assembly, the. Herrieat-iit-Aruis of tho 
Senatu mid of the Assembly, each receives 

The Assistant Seerotnry of tho Senate and 

tlio As.i-tnrit fieri-, of tin- A-sembly. -nth. .ill. 
o Engrossing ami Enrolling Clerks, and 
loor-Ke.-per, ..i tin. Semite mnl A--emU-,- 
each %1U. To every oddiliouul Clerk r.eimdiv 
employed, ivbelber tailed Assistmit, Journal, 
Copying or other Clerk. $1) per day. 

To tho Chaplains of the .Senate and tho As- 
nombly, each S3 por day. 

To the Porters of the Senate and the Assem- 
bly, eaeli >ii per day. To the l'ii-es of Senate 
and tho Assembly, caoh 85 per day. 


fglfifm Herbert's Great national Work 

u by thcmwl Julir.^jl 1...I HI 


S Tho Proprietor ef this e,tea 

n the San 

and about 20,000 Grape Vines. 

) lbs. China Sngai-Cane Seed, 

One pound and a-b 
Tho Proprietor v 



o, Pour, Plum, Charry, 

. :limd,nodniD-v venr. in Ibe ^ur-crr of 
Co. ,.f .Mie.-.n-lii..etO'.[Reil euly (it that thovcan 
Tree! to benhnt Iboy aro rur.reienlid, mid I 
ba.o taken pilai lo offtr os ehaleo a collection c 


To Seedsmen, Planters, &c.'l. ■!■■■!■ !'rl- ■■!!.■. ■■ 


"'s '.:,.''.'.:-. 

S%t^.,M,bi r 


Great Collection of Strawberry Plants. 

ihrEiiuhaut tbo Siaio inil Orecno, that thoy 

!y bavD OJliifpiled llieiujlieai lie. -■ in Iba laar- 

ilutni nt oil tho L-.i, 


Tliii ran oil 6: silt j-orrelujl tourer !i,..i.en 
.11 BOOdjudcoi Of fruit, bill) n> In in o.,,i,..||,;r 

lullfol and dclicloui, m 

ul. Mil "i." 

TU 11 I'LL, 

-Il'.-E, it 

er^ui.,) ill l.r 

'o Djibthov Gkl'ii is TtiG Head of She 

ko a holo in a otumliny l,„anl, ^-1 inehe-, !r 

ground, up lo tho eyes. Let one nniti Tl 

Iho sheep in this position, and another nit: 

syringo throw up en ch nostril of tbo sheet 

- 'ih of yellow snuff and water, strong cnoti 

nako thorn Dneoio, ami thoy ivill thu- thr 

iiBgs of tbo fly that nro donated 

AugUBt— [,« m ■ " 

July a. 

August.— [A. W. Allon. 

STont ,„ T IIE rj N , TBn SiiTBB.— A corres- 
tho live stock in the Union, as f o u 0W , .' 
,; jlttt " " ! '.' ll k ! nd « 1S.378.0O7 






IT was recently sUted ot the meeting of an 
Arrnuulturnl A"oeiation. i„ Eujdarii] tlVat tho 

former, in tlmt country hav., v.ii.ld,, ,],„ \,^ 

ttir.o. y.e.rn oi|o.|nled file o.ilU,.,,. „...|i„, 

'V^ tin, |i„r.l,a-o of p,,,;,^ W ill,in 
ho niimo period a inillii.u of fre,l, ue'ros lmve 
boon brought under cultirotlou. 

Sherp when fattening, shoald not bo fed 
tenor than three timea a day; Damnly, when 

.)■ In...- duivned, at noon, tind an hour 
eel ore suuauL 

thou ehnlt 

jr.. Ti[Ji-pi,-,o, froia 
v. un.-ly encJJ-o.] . 

i n-'.'e.'r,-. t'.-.nlin,:. it.l. ' ■.i;.,i:i .en... -i. | ^he-in/. . A:, 
. rilr;.- II- .iIUi. I'rei.,^ il- e.-j-., i.r.-.i r.,r 'On- Ml i-,.,1,1 

ncdplton, thua murinEf la 

Hew Treatise on Land Surveying. 


E. C. & J. BIDDLE, 

ay rest nKurod tho quality of • 
E?-C, W. LECOCTKT. of Sio 

...)-. e. II 


SA.isr jose. 

THE Pruyri u o.r..eri|,i..)bl oMihlL'hod Km- mf 



si and Most Select Collection of 

THEE-S, TINES, &o., 
ner offered in thit State, 

Tho FRUIT TREES offered by dj are all gnm 
worked In tho Nunorj by qi, [rera Torlolies obt. 
Tram tho eotobratcd olOUNT HOPE sifBSBKCBg, of 
EoehOilor, inustof aaieli no 111. re fruited in otuOrfhanb, 

.ii'iimriT.-, «lxruicuea. 

'I GRAPE VINES, Lo. AncelH, 1, s nod 3 jail 
C-mnha, ]«Lt)l., Buootwitcr, and foreign vo 

WOLF, LUSK £ CO., :,y l'i. .1? i 


! of tho hum . can bo coon at th 

Seeds! Seeds! Seeds! 

TITPT rt.-eivr,,! I.v K^ire-.a laraeoMHtne 

•' u:.Lf ".i ■I'.i.ff- > ■ ■- 

id rslthfalty oioeulcd 

. CataJoga.1 for- 

on (ccdj-BooTlVnite, SdYol..... 
ibajo. of mn-. Carrot, of ports. 

t-Lar~ 1-...I M , a (,- | »,,,„]. 

!..L,,". : .|' r :.ri« l >;ii.i,m,l..-r'.i-/;:i[ , r:'' i:'".% . o[a 
in- Mtrn li.irlv.ef JilI..r.r,ll;i [ , l L-. 
luraEraiKof difforoat hloiU 

FnuiT seodj, ofallkUdi. 
!• ■--.'1-, ..I ilitleieoi jrto— Osseo Oraoga, Block 

ios beids- Timothy, Ey. Bleermus, Red-Ton, 
.1.. I Rys-crus, Clovor [ItcJ ond Whits), Winter 
D OHEB-Cauary, Mitl.t, pnd nemp. Togotho. 

in ho ohtaiood on opplloatior 

forn.orkln ( .- n n; 

tho »ur- 


II. ': l-'l,-:-,: '.. '.'■[ 

eatieo on Book-keep ine. The 

do lio ' for Hi.:l, .-:!„., I, 

I •m,ah tor, (Ml-bolC \ ',', " 'l':'X „',' ■ r'el .', I 

7\cenl</-/ift! t 


lENTUdV. A , 1NU ., lo u, D ; Co!n - 

?W eT o *" d " '""" ? alBb " of O" 11 

pSll<W M ri7 n o™tI»r.°' tl " g "° i ' L " erB,n ™," »UI 

u™ur°of h' h E ^t! 80 ! Pr0KrC£S ' 81 " 1 Prcsont 
The Works of Thomas Dick," LL. D. 10 vnls. 

Colored Plates of California Froit. 

TI1L' hoaulir-jl t ~ ..ill l-i.-.-eiiil,,.-!, -, u , qso dllolT^r- 
pamd, of tbo Purer of Califwalo „t tbo Smlo F,,|r 

\is: wiu;,'^!; sisffi £"™ 


150,000 r E23Zt£i 

■ o»rto. WHEAT, n 

loLl,.r. i„.uii. l, r 
I.IITLL _.t ro, 

A Splendid Bull for Sale. 

A VLItV tl,,,, DUIIIIAIU 11UI.L — i, luco 

"i«ii. wAbiiSn * CO. 

IX WailtlugUa ureot (gpiUln). 



3.8,000 VK.OSK3K, 



For Sale In lots to suit purchasers, Thai 
Supplied at a liberal discount. 

03-IbB.vo tbo lard variety of Fruit and Ornament 
- loot eanbo fouodlnAnyo, 

■ nrvprtcM iholl bo vory I u 

.r.'iui'lly ullen.lcd lo, nnd II 
ndlcj or teiM-ioMrdio,- 
y boro to go-ond il |l ror , 
it AlviM. M, Cellcotloa of 

s e e 

JM at the State Fair hold i 


{EaUbRibod tn 1EML) 
THE undonlgnod.Boceossorto tho late 

Una ei J)| Jleonr .'. i;,., ),,..:, ,-:.,, -i-mlli- 

-n li. lei. anil reteii-e bv-rsr-. Tier. ■ I 

.:li|-|-r,dii|, fo-nithe AH„„ti r States and 

-. ,u|.JJli,iL 

sad Maw toeflj, Horb scedj, French 

Bogar-Beet Med, C&inoso Sngar-Cano seed, 


ItOOTS, BULB IlL.MiES, li.iRUlLV TOOLS, Ae.&e., 

nblch ha otfore to iho Farmer* and to tho tnido thronth- 

■ ■""- 'Wrnuj. The. ■!, 1, i, ;.|i,il,-. ,. r ,,.-| 

tbo boit Sends that 

. i n.-.- I[. „ 
Kure.l in f 
iilllo- Ft, :! 

I. !l,e 1':, ■■ 

and Eun 

n-.i. if [, 
amen eeeui nro railed oi 
■v Labooon, Now York. 

erle |.l „ 

. M«l 

hiofr; rjnall popors of Soeilo for iam- 
iamrj fornaidod bv moil (postoiro 

.- [■■n-..ii-,J^,J tliiee.-h 

cation, nlth prions 
'.' aiOORE, 

Kortory in Califoro 

lly Catoloano, Kivlag a dorcriiillon 
bavo to rail, ood K ivin B information al 

iry.- ra Direotw' ; 

I IlKI.AIllrisc .--! 

w. i.ujui's-r, i.i 

m,., a , ThB lMn »nM Cauliflower. 
T Ll^f, ft 01 "*"™ 'r, H"'" 1 ' ""?' J - 



rpHE far^rabta r*|->ru reooivod from oor onrtomorf in 

ii-'.ni.imt.. „-i,.r rb 01 :,,. ,} lril . V( ,., r . |, v 
induced m to e.|0]il nfiailUr plan ia lultJTi.-up 


In Collections for Large and Smalt Gardent 

J^t^^^rkw" bconseleetod ni ,h 

A F Z 

Chinese Sugar-cane Seed. 


n.i ■i.r3- Rare Melon arid Cncnmber Seed. 

. r -"|)-'i- H ir.s „.,.! ,ll,-LLi.':IIII.!t ril-l.l,. i r ,,,i:„, ,-, ,., 


"^Tlifobnia fakmek. _ 

:jt California pcm . 

m M^h-ale, tho A-UBau. ana tho Farmer. 

nrospeot and hep.., of those named above, were 
KSrW portroyod in the -eoply int^r^^.g 
K« of Grace Greenwood, which appeared m 

T paper ** ffBek " ^ '""* T ,, h 
1 rc-puWish tho following paragraphs, wbwh 
should w* only bo remembered by every 
cultivator cf tho soil, but .bay should be 
2rf in joW» Mto. before their fomdies, 
f, .,.. -viWje,,, that tboy may l™" 1 Bntl fcD0 " 
us is the inheritance of the 


ond glorit 

l J li|..rii!M 

sentiments ■■ 
FAiiMEiia of California: 
•Tho Haobonio, lbo Artisa 

r„ nnd bis family a 

o fearful 

tided 1'iagi- 
t, him- If. 

™,„i of bis employer, dependent to 
Stereo for comfort nnd subsistence u 

"The Artisan may "strike, at nn 
coed effect ; bat too often, hke n blind. 
m. be strikes aside, end only hurts 

effect, the barde,! ».il t— 'n I- nul 1 ? 01 ?"™; 
HoMrioaltona cn*is btlDgs bim a disoha ge 
M?-«TDinB. and no quarter -day; g boms be- 

hTS on hi, own land; it ma; not he A 
but the sense ef possession ha loirs every f,„-,t 
of it- he may W able in f ,,.„>( his trees, but thoy 
ore more beauriful than all other 
BMjin to strike their roots into bis 
house may bo humble ond homely; 
castle of honor, the palace of content, ills 
flocks mav be sinall. bis cattle few, but their 
faces ate as tile fae^ of frt-ruls, ami every Hewer 
of his fields comes up with a s.-eial u..,->-e f.'r 
him. from the kiiellv hear! ,j Noi'ire. lie slum!, 
on bis uwn land, in the pride of complete and 
sovereign manhood, and bo owns down to 
" p to tha stare." 

earth's center ai 

The Greatest Farmer In the United Statee. 
Os the 18th of December, ult., wo published 
the following sketch of what wos supposed to 
be tho largest and most profitable farm in the 
oouutry. "Wo published it then, well knowing 
wo cuuld soon procure items here, in California, 
that would far excel it. Here is the Great 
Farm in Texas' : 

it of 


: present session of the Legi'lai"" «<-' 
, ono of more than ordinary importance. 
With an overflowing treasury, which allows over) 
member to receive his salary weekly, there is 
inducement to work promptly and fat 

^California is in a proud position, and although 
the Stale has a debt of some four miltionsovcr Her 
few years, we had almost said months, 
that debt will disappear. Illegal as it was, the 
response of the people, "No repudiation ! Pay the 
debt!" has proved, and will proro, after all, a 
good thing for California. 

Tho present session, we trust, will give P ,oof 
at tho members of both houses hare come to- 
gether to work to build up our Stale ; to get her 
clear of all ber difficulties ; to awaken tho slum- 
bering energies of the people to tho boundless rc- 
:es jet uorcvealcd. and to labor to reveal 
i. is expedient that the very 
Vest and wisest meaFures will be adop'tod 
awaken, encourage and foster all branches of 
inulaclorcs, to call out the genius of the me- 
chanic and the artisan, and orouse the agricultural 
higher conception of the glorious Qppor- 
within thoir reach, in this rich and 
glorious Stale. It is to be hoped that all theso 
great interests will be 
lalors, by the people themselves, in full detail, by 
memorials. If the people feel a need of legi 
Hon for their interests, they must make t 
wants known. How can a Legislator know 
full mind of his constituents, unless thej 11 
and consult, and havo a free interchange of 
thoogbt; and wo hold to public discussions o 
the wants of tho people, in their several district* 
Manufacturers want encouragement and ^protec- 
tion ; mechanics want it; Tanners wont it; and 
all theso several wants should he made knewn to 
the Legislator, and then ho should act for bis con- 
There arc very great interests that could he 
made available, and add greatly to the industry 
and prosperity of our Stale, if wo could have a 
wise, fostering and encouraging legislation in aid 
of theso interests. Wo need liberal State bounties 
to encourage tho growing of rice, sugar, lea. 
coffee, 4c; to encourage wool-growing, tho maim' 
factum of woolens and other species of poods' 

r Stute. 

Inauguration Day. 
Most auspiciously dawned the day upon the 
people assembled nt Suoramonto, on the eth, 
as if the ceremonies of n install- 
ment wore to bo of more than ordinary import- 
ance. Tho whole ceremonies of the day, the 
gathering of the cities at the Capitol, Urn 
mooting of friends, tbo general prosperity of the 
State, all oonspired to make it a "happy festival 
holiday," and so it was. 

From the Bay City name the Marions, the 
Continentals. Lancers, and others of our fine 
military corps, or their delegations-, wb.lo the 
Sutler Rifles of lbo Leveo City, caroo out to d, 
tho honors. Tho parade, and escort duty 
as usual most -highly creditable to oi 
and wo think wo do but strict justice when we 
say that tho military of California will compare 
in point of ability and appearance, with ony 
Stnto in tbo Union ; and when ne/d comes for 
their semces (wo have augur of it now), tboy 
will bo found "ready for duty." 

After tho formation of tbo escort in front of 
the Orleans, they proceeded to tho residence of 
Gov, Johnson, to receive him; from thenoo ' 
tho residence of Gov. Woller, and thoneo to tlio 
Capitol. A slago was orectod to front of tht 
eapitol building, when in open day, nmid thi 
masses of his fellow citizens, J. B. Wollei 
took the oath of office and sworo allogianoo t< 
tho Constitution of tho United Slates and to '.hi 
State of California, and delivered in n clear ant 
resolute tone nn Address thnt does him honor 
and one which wo believe ho will carry out— tin 
result of which wo know must bo tothnglori 
of California. Wo say Amen to lbo great ob 
s there presented, for tboy ore the shield 
safeguard of tbo uwkingmm of Culiforni 

urned to tho Orleans, passed tbrou B h tho ro- 
iw and worn dismissed. Tho usual salutes to 

the day. and to tbo ceremonies, wore paid by 
aunon of the California Guard. 

ended tho daylight ceremonies. 

Wo need e 

raging t 

i to a 

"An Bilensite .Former— A ct 
the Silver Creek ilirror, says, that CI. Jacob 
Carroll, of Teias, is the largest Farmer i- "•- 
United States. He owns 250,0(10 acres ol 
(nearly 400 BOoarfl miles), in thnt ood aujt 
coonties. His homo plnotatioo contains r/iMJ 
ncres, nearly oil valoablo bottom lands, along tht 
Guadalupe river. On this farm be has over 00( 
acres in coltivotioo, on which ho raises niinaally 
[,(„-, ut;.le?'if (■■ittDii.T.-ortholihu nlnutiitii.n 
fjr.m >7.' 1" S H.10 I"-r bale, and 20,00(1 boshel- 
of corn, worth about 50 cents per bushel. He 
Las o force of nboot fifty field hand.', and bo 
works about riilv mult-- uml biTreS, and Eileen 
yoko of oseo. Col. Carroll has, oo his immense 
ranges of pasture lands, about one thoosnod 
horses and moles, worth 550.000; one thousand 
head of cattle, -.rilj i7unil; six hundred bogs, 
worth $2000; thiee hundred ^viinisli inr.r, s, 
woril. sir..mM; titty r nnie_-, v,-.,rtl. SCtun.i - (if. 
teen jacks, worth SWOO; nod fivo stallions, 
-.-.■evtti ~-l.",i!ii. f..l.'- [■!,■, jierty, iu Hock 
and negroes i's north at least i? 150,000; and tho 
value of his lauded estate will swell tho 

to over half » tuilli 'f d.,llors. His annual 

incomo from tlio sale of stock amounts from 
g50l* to §10,000 ; and from tho solo of cotton, 
to from 815,000 to $20,000." 
And hero wo present the following : 
A. P. Smith, of Smith's Pomological Gardens 
at Sacramento, on the American river, oalli- 
■vuted about Etity acres tho last year; about 
fifty acres in orchard, nursery and Bowor gar- 
den, and tea norea in a vegetable garden. 

Mr. Smith employs from twenty to forty 
men -, runs ooe team in the spring to tbi 
with vegetables, ono team twice a day 
city with vegetables, and In tbo fruit season 
keeps a team constantly going to tho mines. 
He has agencies for tbo salo of his splendid 
peoobes in San Francisco, Marysville, Stock- 
ton and Sacramento; ond wo learn that the 
gross amount of his sales in tbo year 1857, ei- 
ceeded the roood sum of gGO.OOO. 

What will our great Planter* and Farmers 
say to this ? Wo can givo them tbo portioulore, 
if tboy need it. 

Each year of those famous Gardens only in- 
creases tho amount. This ehoold teach men 
who are laboring on their thousand, or five 
thousand acres, thnt it is tho "little form well 
tilled," nod not tbo gnat SpuaUli grants that 
covers all out doom, that makes tho money or 
brings prosperity. If all our large grants were 
Cnt up into small farms, our State, aad all, 
would be bettor off. 

gcaiusof the mcchaaic and artisan. Every dollar 
spended from the public treasury on such 
.alters, is sure to roll back into lhat Ircasory 

three or five lo one ; for everythiog done to this 

end increases the taxable property of tho State 

ind enriches it. 
TYe sincerely hope a wise, enlarged and liberal 

policy will he pursued toward these greci'. interests, 
ind that the Legislature will look upon our Slate 
md its rich, unrovealcd resources, os o wiseparei 
,vould look upon a very promising child ; and I 
is willing to labor to draw out and educate tl 
resources of the State, as the fond parent won. 
that of his child, ITben this is done, glorioi 
indeed will be the position of California. 

We have great faith in the present Legislatnt 
If tte can iudgo by appearances, then all ha 
much hope. The future will reveal. 

We glv. 

*. Inaugo 

Having pledged I 
re or the State with* 
tercits. be left the vi 

..jii, i-.'u-v i'i 
|:ixiiy ..■[>: 

i-jcril'i'l ill 

tiiizttiS do 
eleeli'JIi- — 
tonlr.jl of I 

col lent synopsi 

a! from the Momir 

elf to administt 

Directory of Advertisomontt. 

of tbo 

Sales of Fruit Trees. 
vbr wo gn, into every oity and town, 
wo find talci roami for Fruit Trees, tali 
r Plants aud Seeds, Evory body boa becomo 
dealer iu Fruit Trees : Ministers, Doctors, 
Lawyers, and professional men of all olassos ; 
there is a perfect mania for this kind of traffic. 
Every little town in our Slate, and overy ana- 
ieer in such places, are engaged more or less 
mattering over our State, theso emblems of 
- Hortioulturol wealth. 

{o one suroly can rejoice more than ourselves 
those evidences of suooess in the oullivntion 
of Orchords ond Gardens; butnbilo wo rejoioo 
at these present efforts and appearances, - 
would urge with great oaruostneBS that all pi 
obnsera should be careful where they buy, and 
what fay huy. Cheap trees nre not always the 
best trees by any means, and every purchaser 
should bo careful, if ho wools reliable fruits of 
particular kinds, to purohnso only of regulur 
Nurserymen, or their duly appointed agents. 

Much of the great mass of trees ond sbrubs 
whioh ore sold at auction are entirely worthless; 
tiioy belong to a class of unsightly, ill-formed, 
defective- nnd mis-labeled trees, unfit to Sena! to 
order, and they nro crowded off at auction. This 
the regular Nurseryman knows, is tho oustom, 
and every o roll ordi st and planter of trees should 
reflect that he is laying a foundation for the 
future, odd when bis mind is fised upt 
n choice collection of fruits ndnptcd to tho cli- 
mate, and of the most fruitful character, a dis- 
appointment when those trees eomo into bear- 
ing, can never be measured by dollars and 
cents; and wo assert it as utterly impossiblo for 
any person to have n reliable nnd successful 
orchard or fruit garden, whoso trees nro pur- 
chased here and there nt auction, or anywhere, 
as the case may be. Iieen'isi' tlu'v are oheop. 

Better thai the purchaser* pay j?5 for each 
tree, and have a reliable- kind, a woll-formed 
tree with healthy, well forninln."] roots, nnd then 
t.laut this tree os a tret- dimild In jiltinltd, than 
to buy suob trash as is often thrown on lb 
market nt a cheap rate, and than plant them i 
wo often see men plant — no, we should not u; 
tho word plant, for they only stick them in tl 
"round as if they were so many stakes for 
fence. Whoever would have a good reliable 
Orchard, or pretty purdou, must 
o bat taritliei from the hi 

Governor Johnson's Message. 
"We have received a copy of the second Am 
Message of Gov. Johnson. It comes to as 
neat pamphlet of eighty pages, including the in- thsmselves 
dex, which presents an eihibit of the actual re- P r ^ ^ £ 
eoipts and expenditures of the years ot 1855, '0 
and 7, together with an abstract of tho taxable 
property of the several counties ; receipts for 
p tax ; revenue paid in from the several 
lies; census of the schools; exhibit by the al]( ; ... 
dot Esaminersof accounts; reportof Com- Jutte.1856, i 
ot the war claim, and matters relative °/_ daltu 
all very interesting and important 

St. Talcnttno'a Say. 

The observance of the opening day of the New 
Year, the recaption ot friends, by lliu ladits, should 
bo regarded by all well wishers of our social 
circles, as tome thing more than a mere form; it 
Should he as an inlerchauge of friendly greeting, 
onda promise of a continuance of lhat frieodship. 
We think, as at present conducted, the labor is 
all on One side. ThaLadles are deserving of 
return, and as wo havo oficu heard it said, lbo 
Gcnikmcn are rather backward -in inaki 
return of such courtesies. We would suggest, 
that on tbe approach of St. Valentine's day, tbo 
gentlemen should return the tuvors they received 
on Now Year's, by keeping open house. Who 
will set the example , 

Tho Message Itself is one of importai 
presents tbe various subjects lhat should be ottered 
to tho Legislators of our Stale, with a 
and earDCStoe=s highly creditable. 

The Message, os [,uUi..|)ed. shows its leading 
teatorcs at a glance, so that all who feel interested 
in any given subject can see at once tht 
maltcr. Tho following are among the 
Finonce, Roteoue Law, Stamp Act, Ci 
convention, Slate Capital, Slate Prison. Tho Asy- 
if Refbgc, Attachment Law, Divorces, 
Homestead], Stale Agricultural Sociely, Protec- 
tion Of Settlers, State Library, Swamp Liod, 
Education, Military Affairs, Territories ic. 

from an examination ot these -.eitral =iitiji.:t 
fis [iret.enU'l in the Me-sagi: of Gov. Johnson, wt 
le-.l etmlidenl in saying, the scntiineuis expressed, 
and tho recommendations urged, will receive thi 
general approbation of our citizens. They an 
opinions tbst must receive the cooperation of oui 
Legislators, and result in great good. Some of 
the most important s objects are handled 
moch force, and the Slcssogc, as a whole, rt 
much credit upon tbo retiring Governor. 

News roa the East. — Every well-wisher to 
ir Stale, all who feel desirous lo induce an im- 
migration on our shores, all wbo wish to make 
oor Stalo a prosperous place for business men, 
mast bo convinced that Tun Califorhia Fau- 
her will give a belter and truer accoont or the 
condition or oor rcEources, of the homes, and ol 
the climate, soil and productions of California, 
than any othor journal printed on tho Pociflt 
coast ; and those who desire to prcseot lo their 
I'rici.'L- m tli,- Eastern Suits r, r Eorotie, iMiul 
and [■ jikluc el C.ilif.-.rnin in all In r b.-ltu 
aodbrighler iebii.,i,s „tW ih :in ,,„te ,.,.:, tie- 

pim, murder, rolil.erv uml r.ipine, A ].] ..■■„,'; 

'-'< tlieii fr 1 n |„ ,-.,|,| „f ,1 1L . [„, L ,} a iilic .,„, 

such is Tun C*;,[ A Faiimeh. Wu will 
mail e...ji|..:., itii.:,:t f r(1LI ,,„, oditc, lo jny part of 
tbe united Stales, and pay tlie i-i-.L-jjje loi sj 
per year. Parsoos wi B lling this dono.lii 
to send §5 and the address, and il will 

spirit of the Constilul 

tie alluded justly to financial mailers, tl 
ccssity of military iiosla in oor territory a 
the Indians, and lo lliu scliool fund. 

aud Gardening, 
in this country, wl 
nee uf the people will fav 
those of any , 
no lino of demarcation 
e pructioal gardener, who 
, is thoroughly acquainted 

.if Horticulture ! Wo are favored, 
Stale, with both soil and climate, 
piratically the "garden of tho world 
viug chiefly lo the fuel of t 
int tbiok-betided olodboppt 

upon the public -as ^practical gorden- 
lot some effort be mudo by gardoi 
i, to uiaintuiii that respect for tbeii 
which is duo to it as u culling win 
is ucoessary, and show tho liberal 

i of Horticulture and Pumology enublo 
itiit nature, nnd those who exclusively 
i the providenoo of God. and tbo 

rely upe 

Wo hear of garden,^') In iug .itTorod thirty- 
five dollars per month; when "Iliddy," for mal- 
treating codfish, gets forty. Tho day, wo hope, 
'for tho benefit of both tbo employer and tbo 
employed, will speedily arrive, when satisfactory 
evidences of hi iniiniule adjoin ul mice with what 
overy ono jirofcjtsct to know, will ho required, 
before ho or they can seouro position in the 
■■iit|ilr,y of others. 

"Olo Sticks 
■aying nred mid applied It 


s wher 

whclTior they shall or not lulemie 
concluded by invoking Pioviileiiee 
and prolect out n.itiunal ship from tin 
jry ogitation), which thre 

any until hi 

After assuring lb 
jporato wilh them li 
idrauce tbo interests of lbo Slate, bo retired. 

After the delivery of tbo Address, tbo escort 

apply at all; but 

s this »' 

hides and pelts. 
lini-lH'l nnd ready fur : 
to know tun 
wealth of the Indus 
After examining the 

made nn Inquiry for the Proprietor, and learned 
wilh pleasure the name ot P. B. Cornwall, Esq. 
Those ol us who are old forty-niners can well re- 
| member tho old and wealthy housu of Priest, 
" i 4 Co., of which Mr. Cornwall was then an 
vo member. Those wcro the days that this 
illhy bandied the gold dust by tho hun- 
dred weight, daily, as their income for tho .sales 
■ebondise and lots; but fire, flood, and 
death have changed all things and wo new Gud 
tbe youngest member of that Drm directing about 
his bark dust at the Tannery ; and thus, instead 
of bjndliiit; jzold diisi only Tor the benefit of Ihe 
is now directing tho bark dust for the 
' California and the great working in- 
our Slate ; and wc feol confident that 
the gentleman himself feels that be is happier, 
well as more beneficial to the community and 
tho Stale, and will ere long recognise in the 
great liidustTial Interest, tlio best nnd most active, 
S tho rno^it wealthy men of California. 

-ajny season comes," especially those who 
iming in the country, or those who travel in 
■chicle, unless they arc well provided wilh 
tho well-known Hacks # Lambert' i Axle Grease. 
Wheels not ivell greased are apt to "stick in tho 
mud," but Hacks &. Lambert havo prepared 
remedy that will carry lbo heaviest loaded teat 
through i and wc are hoppy in knowing that this 
Axle Grease has become so popular that II. & L. 
cannot make It as fast as ordered. 

CALiroaNiA Beef, Poor, Hahs, Ac— The 
eery best quality ot Beef, Pork,nams,flnd Bacon- 
sides arc now prepared at Sacramento, by G. 
Cooper, the pioneer packer. No packer f 
East con show belter. The lard turned om 

is tho vr 

tided for Ibis numbc. 
u for the articlu on f. 

au« of eicrj dtKrluliiiB, 
cdiuiuiIj .in hinu ■ groat n 

'a' CaUlujrqai BOUt JKrr J 

superior to any thot can be brought 

—Wo hale been obliged 
inl of copy, which 



" 1UBYSV1LLE Dailv News— A ''Herald," 
an "Inquirer" anil a "Daily KowJi" » (nunc. 01 
rather the Wo Erst merged into a now natuo, 
form and management. While to would al- 
ways regret "»y '<»* to friollds ' or ""^ lMfl ° f 
friends in tbe great nowspaporrlotn of our goV-- 
State, wo always believe there is never a ! 
without some gain, and wo must repico to ki 
tho editorial world will re-gain tbe eon 
efforts of tho veteran editor Gun. Allen. Most 
gladly do to welcome him back to hia sanctum 
again. Few men have more or truer friends 
than G*n. Allen, and no know the cause of Ag- 
riculture will gain a Wend nnd oo-workor ognin, 
ana Msrysvillo will fed his inBucnoo at tho 
coming Fair for good. Most earnestly do wo 
wish success to all his efforts and prosperity 
to bis labors. 



P^y (li.- HtgRnt Price* for Gold Out. 

Make edvnneej on GOLD DUST recclcad for Ausy 

Colnaeo at Iho United-State* Mint 


l^p" Ho Eajtern BxcbtBfC Drawn. |lS-3 

Curb i'or tbe Tetanus in tub HonsE. 
Some little timo sinco we made mention of tbo 
prevalence of this disease, in the Horse. From 
ouo of our correspuudents we have received the 
following, as advice, of a system wm'oh bo hns 
followed with suncess; Spirits of turpentine, 
rubbed on tho neck through the mane, and along 
down tiio book on tho spine. Repeated rub bin ga 
will relievo at once, and if taken in season will 

Journal of Rural Art and Kural Taste. 

(OnueiEBf Irflitlu, olrfwsJ A J. DOltTIXO.) 
Conducted bj J. JAY SMITH. Editor ol tho North 

eTrrylulna pcrtalulua I 

EiH"" \^Sa ' 

ffinbellUiio;;!: wiitieo*rlyeii::rBvlflj,of fruit, dwtllinc*, tr 

ii,-'. T:...- i-kr;]..-, Ill;- ;i t.'i -i i.u.:':,:-r .1 





wblj- c 


Ninety-six Colored Plates, 
Id toe bulled Swol 

Fan-By Fowls for Sale. 

au f™j, MfJlti .rio, e „ ti >cd wW , , n(Ert[Bi 


■wan Hew Seeds. 

F . ';> ,l ""' S "''WltUKKRY, TCIT ctafa,. 
-■- "le^JllOltfDfurtixL " tnora, 

Sew Meloni <<^nj.rt.j„ , | Ivt . rl . n,„[.„ n n, v 

' " ,'! ',■■,"■'■ '. ■ » 

CpramhBi^tVaw. n™i,i,r h-.^,,.,., . . -, 
Rover Scad*-!.™ By,™ „„,_„ ... "**■ ™" „, 

'-■ v ';":--- ■>■■■'■■ :..,:;■;-."-, 'iS^S^*- 

'ii^ff'BW Treo Send., unt 

T"i!^„:v 1 ;:|,.; , ;;;"r l -; ,1 ;':;';j^ "-'-., >,. h:ili lr ,. 

"t"'-!-.:..:^ ., , ... I,;. .,..,. -. ' '",;,, ■:.,,. 

'i Willi,,'-: ',. ,- , ° "^1 """?!- ' 

I" r«!o. ' Soiling iin'.'" ' '"' 

BftAD'UAW 4 Cl 

i in ' 'ii i'ii iMi .-'i .11 'i.'r v I . i r : — ■ . i .-V 

i : ! .1,. !•:,■ ,.■■: lu! ■ I I." ■ • In I." - 

TiV l: '')---imi'.' l -' i l ; urKi;r' DICTIONARY-'-. I..- '■ c.-nil-'-T.: N..:<.-l*ot of T«bult 
Ruld iriJ T»l-t-:', i:-.l-jl li. il.-. M.:?..,i,i.--.l A 
i:-.-.-.l bj Hn.-nmOiM <i: .'[■.: biuriy, mud ookIj 

::i , |ii.' : i'.,r.\i'iV , n:.' i'-'i.ut'^ -;:■ iv.i 


10 FAEMER3. 

- 10,000 rnnndi =r ALFALFA or Cbllo Clover, 

just rocohod and for ia!o nt M cenli jwr jouod-br the 

loaonly. This I." ff.-ilberc-t fi.iro the lalcst crop, opplr 



i of the 

of Pm 

LA1VT0S BLACKBEltRV-thonnlrloIintbei 
nnd warranted frab and pun; cron or 1S57, 

la brMr.J.Q.A.Wnmin, and 



Garden, Field and Flower Seeds, 

S 1 ra port C re n dd-lerlo ^ 

Foreign and Domestic Stcds, Trees, rj-i 

Garden. Fk-ld, i !,..,,■ r and Tree Seeds, 
Fruit and Ornamenlal Trees and Sbrubs, etc, 

ty tea,, per W.U or Bipicw, promplir "leode.] lo. 

. HOBBS, GILMOBE & 00., 

Market street, between Btalt anil Main 

Sew and Rare Plants, Vinos, &c„ 

t) Hob Eochelle, or Lawtoa Bloolibsrry ; 

Italians Bbnbarb 

nbarb; n:» •'.-! 'v. •■n-.Ln-.f.-l I., M-.v.:., 

Concord Grape, &o. &c- 

|l,...c,l I -lrii.L. -,,:,:• :i,i:,- i.- ■. , „ , c!„.',.. , vi l| ,.|.,.,„ , , r ., nrii 


works; nlM.atoioploloaBortmenliirAcricu 

turn! Book! 

o which we would inrlla Iho attention or i 

FiaotF„re'ler , fHDrioandilorMniMiililp 


Statas, in two volume*; tbo QaesL work of 1 

o kiod ore 

published Id the country, oan now bo loon 

t our office 

wnaa in differeot aljlej— Plain, and Inr 

ey Aati,oo 

laving tho tole a C onov of IbLj valuable wo 

., io Califcr 

nia, wo would inr i to lorgn or tho boautlfa 

tooall ani 

oiamlao tboeonim. Suljcription books a 

™ti?.Tb"SL"7.""u.'r """ 

lb tut., »]| 

E?*Bii Beasoni why Everybody TJisi LYON'S 

^THATEOH.-tJi. inirboCbenpatpH-ianiiloarorlbi 

bo lie Mot 

il 5 bly Psrfuratd. &k lltillir vnly irtlcli- Ilia 

i.i- l.nllr" ."lUtlKllon. 

Tho Jmmeofe rHle of Lbc K AT UA I RON —nearly 1,000,00c 

al popularity 

S3 Liberty airec: 

PARK i WHITE, WboleMln Deilcn. 

1 Itn Sin Fimcku, 


\oncE to KOiiBEiirBiB 

BS?- Fabtiii who bavo ordered Kunory 

Stock from 

row, .bould 

ova made arrancoraenU for tbo receipt ef 

tho same, or 



Ci^pfrt' In fuurr«™ rottie 

ed obarEOi, as all sueh freicht must bo propali 
it eicoption. nitborlo, a iaU.'factory guarapiei 
from tbo shipper in considered sutlie lent— the chargo b 
:ld al dostinntinu. Should any diiapp:.!Dlnicnt oai 
r friendj, this will bo a tuffieicnl eiplanntioo. 


Sa- ■ 

1. U. THOItBCRH * 

HOTELS, &c. 

Bk no. us 



P. T. JAMES, Propria, 




r end nnpiiSccnl Hole] eunuln. 

ingio end Donbie. and Bolts of Eooms, 

To Soientiflo and Practical Agricnlture. 

- "Y HiSIlT STEPJJENS, F.R.S.,ofEd. 

Inbufeh, ond tbo lalo J. P. MOBTOS 

PreTcawr of ScienliGcAerlcaliure In 

ilaven. 2iol..BoynIOctaio,l600pa E oi 

>d Steel En (ravin p. 


Tub Most Comj-lctf. Work oh Aurichm 
-vor publbtbed, and in order lo cito it a wider el*.,, 
tha poblbber- hare revived to rednee lb= prico S 

"d'&^fh^ta?."' * ^ ^ i8 "'" "-* ^ 
t tho bodL--[Ncw fijbnd AirBW. " ,U, l '" tU ^ a 
•''■■-IBkek-eSj^Jl^'^" 1 " u,d " ,0,c of Acric. 
jA^ioorc.aioablr work on Agriculture nororwu WI 

Attention, Fanners ; 
Broaden*! Grain Soivers. 

*tul tffcelod by 

"°* 12 6l CaTlforal* J ' S DA00!J - 

"CCto! 1 , 

Mew Winged Triangular Harrow. 

rr. "■: r .;v; l ;„-,;,; ll , 1 ";-- 1 ' „. 

_. ■,;;'■,"-"■.... ,,i«^n.r , " hl ' n "'> 

Dub- _ 

"'Jinlh IIIM.IV,,,, 
-"'■' ■■-ili'i.:,i..r,lv 

f^" DyupcjHla C 

FF - 

n.«n dye t ii 



ttutW. tlai, D, 

li.MR 1 

yj;d ihstahtly 


urplicnUom hnrebi 




II .MR fi 

rE p rod um i color 

'uUMtot In Sain Vljrrtu: Stjtu. 

J *1»». ■ KM 


" " Half calf| full jili ba'cli"?!!!!" 

Published and for sale by 

.ftrtv-Jfrt rA»o,s(.J ,i .,','.:,-., 'i,j> il:- ,. „>'.:, , r , 

ipprcct-ill-.. |.ulili.. -.-ill r-|..,' il,.,i,: .r 'l-.-...j[-,, ?1 

l,J n l'Iiijoii, i.un:li..-' ul i:j'v,.l ,-K.-.. All li,../L--k I, lir [In 

|,ulj|,r l.- (■.■^■i.ili,.. r In in, r.Mi ili.y ,ir,. ,■ ,[,i!,|.'nr Ujcj will oi- 

.'r^.'i.o '.■,! iilM-'r.-'i -■■■'. i-l W.-rt , -■ ' |.'l lil!--!. i !,'.. 

,:.[ili u i, I, ,„M l„ .-IS ," rsrl !v'-- "I clii-lin;. - -mj «..rt I -■ I.-.I ■,.||.,r,,-.-];, , |ti.: .- I ..-■■■. I' II i ■ M..I t-iiiyri-iit., .',-b, 

Pickwick Papom. I Sketchej by "Bo*" 

:-.-!,, I,- NicUoby, Bmrnaby Rudgo. 

Dnvld Co r.per be Id. Martin Chuiirowlt. 

Oliver Twist. | Old Curioiily Shop. 

il!-.:. L- M..1L-. I i-iir;..-iL.^Si.,ricj. 
iltlo DorriL DJcllelu , Now Storios. 


h, rill tiiicka [30 00 

|| || Sc 1 riet,full G Ut,<ldcJ, cdgH.eti. 45 00 

II ii. f-liV rill' oILtaeS™"" 60 00 

" " FuUoUt! r rfltcai S Ga,bael*it=;?3 00 

rvblliild it Sis Dlfcrtnt SljUl. 
Duodecimo edition U eomplcre in Thirteen Talamu,ar 

i wul bc,-oldirSl3. Til-: l.ill'.irLn'i n/iliiL-ir ii.jirfi : 

Little Dorrit. 
Pickwick Paper). 

fi;.;:-,,.' .';.„■,■ ,SI-,ric!-. 
llleak Hoose. 
David Copper Bold. 

™ " T a " " "" Ollror 

Nicholas Niokleby. 
ChrL'trnas Stories 
Martin ChouloniL 

Old Curiosify Shop. 
Sketches by "Boi." 

ricoofn«M,beuo-lln ninck ck:. . . .......(!» 

" " " Full L=i> Lij-nry .lylc... :, 

H ||- || Half coir, or UilfTtric; ;; 

" " " Hnlfcnlr;'"...-.. ,-.*...-.-.'."'.'.; 'l. 
Ibdf oil! id. ;■- : :., .«',..-. •: 

;; ;; ;■ Fuit eaic.ueTrT.twL,,, «. 

[■in ol 111.- I.l|,l!..-(1 Si.,f,.-., ir,- ...I- j,i..',j'- r ,:■.,■ 1-.-..-T... 

i-:i'li.-irr..llr.m„„Ml 11 |.Hci„tiL,...,),M,.|,ti],.j- ",„:,;■ i.-ut,. ,., 


cfp G. P. LOrJCKS, 

aM- Produce Commission Merehaj 

He. S Cloy ...,,! WLurf, ->,: r .,.i l , J L,.-, ,..(,, 









klll/e, wd\a^l 1 ad°n" c 'r ,1 t l i"r,-^', ! i;;. l ,'.' , '' ! 




"1^1 :ulilcpon 

o Federal Huim,IBIt 

riho IndiutrUdEsMliUlon 
3d Vol, "etpocUllj bito 






■^I'.iri'.'l llir,.ij-ll,i 


t, etc. and are dunoud 
ncarcfuLljLhontauipt on 

I O. PBATT, Maouraot 

CommUBrion 1 

Produca and Oonernl Commission Merchants, 


■ g Produ, 

K. H. BENNETT, .% CO., 




9 w^SSn^ lSSSn K ; °und P ^r E 
-"— " - -if l. 1 ,,! J, i; Minim..), ro lu [ lr g » 

•ihi.^t T A mt °" to >" " ,0 on,r Bocli of 1,DBE w »bb 
Sheep in Anioriei, end am cooQJeut, that no ether per- 
MO can loll u uiid ,,,i. ,i,.y. ,l. ... . -,■ , . . . . ., t> t o pricej 

Ai.- ; f..;.- : -L.iif:m;-iH[ti:ai,.i k «ex PiGS.'ofiba 

bait blood, rroui Col Mourns' iaportations. 
For further inf.,™, ii-,-.' 


French Merino Slicep. 

iry nr BuT^ ' ' """ c " u M 10UDi ' ln ln,J cdan - 

.■■■■"'■. I'.'li.ii--, ..M.I- -in-i, IV,. ,..„].:,,. lril | „.,,,„, , ]|L , ,,„,. 
...... nl :-., .,, ..( I , |., r i. ,„., [.^ ,-.,. ,,,,_. , lcnl 

, r -V 1 , " , "- r '" ""-I' r .>' -' »■-. '"'-"'If, or to stock 

!■■ o. .M,eq. r.nrc.1 by m,-, imj ,.>ld to olhoH. 

, '"' l - ! !l .■■ '■'' "' ■ -' I"'! ■!'-■ jri|-tii-u -1 my ll -;k, :cnl 

utaS'.",,. asriSss.T.s;,'' ° b_ 

I II .., :,.■ |..r, ,t. ||„: -,,.-| t .i-...ii... ; ,-,„ .,,. p,.j r ,.|] :J .. : . : .| ,,[ 

!f%Vo r . IM "™°;;; , 'ii'N'''T' | : \ iVi-;rc"N : ' lt f '' 30 

irESryiELf, fc,l, ..■.,-,, f,.„ : „, ,v/.;; ; J^,;;.-. 



"'Wm-'^'u'lv.'- 1 ^ 
iimi,i, v.-i.i.i,. u, ,„■,-.. 

ji-.r;- 1 ,! Vr.'j f, ?ii: 


"Ftiill,,-°H,ryn°nou " 
Mn.L MtrlaCbUd 
M™. C. M. Klrilacd' 


■-I irui.Ki.i^. v. ;":.; ■■ t-S!" J" " 

i.'iii>Ti.R wiirn:'.'j; |oi,'";;'::;:;;.^|;! ^; 

Hh^ A " ^"l" l" r ""l :|| V altend.ij [,-, and Hon end' 
Mi..,......,,,]!,!,,,,! ,-,,i|,. ::N „,,.,],,„,. |ir „,|. k ,, 

"T-i« MirttoU." 

, Sw U ^!^, p JS2'i^'r^™y n "nwBi-K«a- 

. ...1 I ,,, [-,., 1,1 J„.,|,.i ll,:,.' L ,,||,.„, l',.ri,,li,„| A;,n,>,,ir 
"■IlLmlt ■ " r " l ' 1 tiyiU BoutMllora and KS.unco 


* AT thii popular placsofoinmemont thorn 

SL i-it,o;l:.-i i. i-i.lijj j,,'- uFi.iv- 

■SilNti Vi'U.U ANIMALS crt. mbibitod no -.i,;Mi. -.,.1 ! .■"lr....i<.l;.., 1 ,l..,..,,, 1 ll,.,„ :i 
i.r .-vl.-lni.j „ ...,il ] |i.„ ,.,;,„„.)... an „, b „ r OrlHly, 
■i-l.i...: Hi", Mil...,',, [I,-.,,, l! ::ilri r„„|i w |i lKoI1D V 

mnd! ,■„,:'. ,,;',': v, L ,mM, , :. , , l i Cu " " f Colift " u1 ' i: "V" 

■il'b Uic r.,ll|.,ri,i„ LI--.I] nod ffstcr, Elk, I'C-r.'si^V..' "Z 
'i ■"■"";;'■■■.; Am I .-, IT, i:,.-l,.. „,„) 

"■■■""-■■ iiri- li-i-r,;-., ,,.ii,.,i:..ii,.,r -h,n,.j uirj,, 

-I.,.-...:,,,,,,,. I.,.,..,,,,, ,,,, ,. ,:„,- ,.!,,„! Mll |, 

A '"l'l'..,-.|i.„ill.i i,:„i|:Lnce.,veryoreninr. 

ATm&i'Sj.* ° na E " DlD ' W-M e-coplod.) 


fata' Ifjai-tinral. 

And made ml ftwri nlroul la »"P I 
Tho Itara wcro nam oojpoUni whl'o— 
Or lh«dnTf.<'»iarro» J ain>s»l 

Tae fmhoen 

n salvation, Tor 

nnlly depend upon U" ri B l11 estivation ° tnD 
nllta, and tbo rational gratification oMho 
oiid that wo most work out 
•■ ■ ■ - -nr deals "lone wo ore to do jous-.-" 

head is bolter educated n"-***™ 
bn heart and his affections, and to voma 
™ wnrkmore particularly belongs, °»| 
iV- auctions, i)mt tbey shall entwine around nd 

Ml u«of human naturo;und Tor Ibis 

L has fitted her, by endowing her «ith .doable 
portion rf itoholjprfDdph of >o«, which, 
,,. h - werled. would do wonders in ,, ■ > 
«W WHrfllloi. j Mtln Ustalrti™ talta.tat » lb 
,are sacred temples of the heart, where her in fit 
„ce ii mo»l fell and needed ; fur her sphere iboul 
jtoA more into the moral than Ihe physic- 
world. White her brother man is improving an 
beautifying the Utter, •mm. * s,le *™ u wla 
to be a co-laborer, most do as much in her ow 
sphere, which is as distinct, physically, from tb- 
f mnu's.nsisberorganiBition; but Ibo mind is 
without sex. fa vigor and lore depending upon the 
cultivation of the faculties. i 

The strongest minded advocates or "woman s 
rights" have but to look upon the wisdom nod 
grcasi. physical power displayed by man .in his 
many wlsa inventions -such as tho magnetic tele- 
graph, which annihilates distance ; the almost om- 
* _L«nt ™i|,oad cars ; the oak '•LMialhuos of 


tv, is hor Inovilablo doom. Mothers 
work-n-day world, teach your daughters some- 
thing better; sot before them .cm. «ampte of 
industry, leach them economy, 1»P °J" Ul0 
avenues of tho mind and heart lo good deeds or 
charily, Ul them feed tho hungry, clothe .the 
osked, ond take lo tho bome-cirelo tho friendless 
orphan, that tho world has frowned upon j p°nr 
dillereiil instruction into tho young and pliant 
ily mould it to 

mind, now so fleaubh) you can 

Did your mothers before y 
cdoiis; live in II I -ventilated 
reading; nevor take a peop 
thump an old piano till every inmate or the house 
thought it a young babel or a Dulchwedd, " 
carry a cord or two of whalebone and cnnol 
m Morybodj'a annoyance in tho crowded sti 
" icnHioiroantiquoandbrooados, w 
light thoy could not laugh, hoi loi 

i toko to import- 
j tho kitchor 

iiij; upon 

,:. Iho standard of man, who is i now 

gopon tbo intellectual plains and loll- 

the flowery beds *f ambition and Tame. 

lack Iho energy to reach forth our inao- 

lont hands lo pluck the pearls and pern that 

or above our pathway. Edith Montressor, 

n yon : lovo you as belonging to tho slster- 

I or woman's reformation. I greet you a< 

who is striving lo roll back iho mountain 

1 nf ienoronco which has too long brooded 

tho mind of lovely woman, when; HJidnithi 

darkness now reigns. Accept my prayer- ,., laUi - 

in" for their Icmimral and future welfare, that 

they may in time reach the highest pinnacle ol 

honor and glory, where they m,y vol drink .1- -l; 

or the Caslalian Mr, ,iu « Melt flows from Mr 

Parnassus. Edith! who would not blessyoi 

relieving and guiding thu many 

Sol mVfortunel Fesrlclj 

Of wretchedness, and. Edith, let the peoinl . 

or thy sunny countenance and thy «>rf«n, 

a tho dark 



CEM'IJK LlWMK (or Korr-BoetioUe) 



j tho v 

i without separating a 




f. liK« o 

TJpm tb« vricei ot deiHnj. 

Tern jiuH-d a* Dementi I 
I reached till 
Toot Ibt&J o; 

h«n throoKh the dlto and mlitr ha 
flicltorlDi lifibt iraniuMd mj «" 
tit filled mytflioB "ith aniaio. 
,:h tittlo shtrt Ihoj writlooo'er, 
u cut uldn m i»itblei» Ion— 

smsshall tho rib: 
IboUft Mdol Wore theso trappings procured 
from borrowed money, or by the sweat from tho 
brow of Iho unhappy, care-worn husband 7 Wero 
Iheir races painted and powdered till Ibo skin 
became as wrinkled as a cow's horn, and as yel- 
low as a saffron flower? Did Ihoy refoso to do 
with willing hands whal was required ot them 1 

Aod, at l! 

la Mlin 


At row tbo Pitoil of old timo. 

(riac- thing, 

inea ilwuEhi »i 

j. baron. 

f .1=1.1, 

the ocean, which bid defiance 
suspension bridges, spanning c 
raol ol Niagani; and tho artesian wells, making 
rtr, waters lo break forth In the dCMrt,-lhcn Ihey 
Lwledgo Uiat they can never compete 
for the honors nr emoluments which ru„hrc so 
■h of physical strength and tabor, and that they 
best fitted to adorn and beautify lbs 
mure and art. 

*vc is tbo only true marriage taw or God, and 
all who are nailed by any other taws 
break at once this divine law. and no 
or device can avert the penalty. (which inevitably 
falls upon Iho heads of the offenders, producing 
much of the wretchedness and misery of the world, 
and disturbing the peace and welfare of society. 

But this evil is beyond the reach of Iranian legis- 
lation, the remedy alone can come from the heart, 
having tbo affections edncuted to obey the taw of 
lore, permitting no other motive ever to influence 
them in choosing a companion for life; and it 
should be also guided by wirfom. sueh B3 the right 
iderstanding of one's own self aud faculties, as 
io some sure knowledgs of the nature nod dispo- 
lon of the one yoa are about to marry, igoo- 
ucc of which ofleo causes the separation and un- 
li:iji[.iiiL-.«= of many. 
Women can never know the strength of iheir 
.rnl powers until they shall learn to act in con- 
-t, actuated by ft universal lovo for humunily; 
then may they go -forth and plnek the fruit from 
'e tree or life. and^giveJO ' 

irth again be 

Tho echo 

-s of the Re 

, No! Ladici. 
volution altogether a diffon 
n ourselves 7 Thoy had mi 
S than to cat, drink and be 
not afraid of cold 

rious one. Wearing their lioiu 
h comfortable coif-skin shoes 
the tell lied sense of the war 
i the soil of youth a gem 

comfort and consols l 

pure conscience will muni ■ 

reward for your heaven-bori 

P. S. Will not sister Bes 
she thinks about this subject 
in hor proper sphere?' S 
pen, and could tuuch up< 

in. Ily 1" 


Ids ft truthful 

- truths and 

0. 0. H. 




THE Fmr.rU 

■Mure of ouoricit to 11 

nulDrn.ln.l j.-:.r, ■-'• !■'.•■■ 

■,-,!,■, '-HI. -I iirmllisllli.-y 

..,„■ ,., . . ,;, „,:...c ■-■ 



1SJ-E"W -yOU^- 

■■'~*- -,-' AI ' V ' V'-.v'i ' !'■'"' i ri'l'ti." Fii.i':Fi! ! 'vi '"ii.-® 

".'jl-./l'lhi r Mid :I.'.V,T.I( ,^; II V LUCIUS -I— 
,\:;'i- ll.'IIIIH'l- H'.hjTj, Ktc fnmuLcd •! 

-nnua ■» ntpracnlfll. 



Letter from Eclltb Montressor. 
Anneied we present to our readers another cc 


Rhubarb, *» p iha 


wid, »S 9 hnndred. 

thereof, aud 

Enrru Mi.ynir--i"r.. 

: Spbe 

•Woman Moving in Her Propi 

As -Edith Montressor" has kindly called lor 
somu of her own sex to say something about 
"Woman and Her Social Condition," I hear a 
sister spirit calling mo rrom her mountain home 
lo join her in the good work so well begun. 1 
do not write because I can wield a more able pen 
good Edilh, or add a new beauty lo this 

ir highly esteemed correspond- 
ent, "Edith ilostrcssor." The sobject is one 

which, if rightly iir-'kr-t...:.;! nnd u]>[ir-.-:iAii -1, -.v..ulil nll-ah^orbing subject, wt 
make the world better and happier. We trust our j mn do mo n,uito an enti 
Irieod will come often lo ns aud Oor readers, nod | weavo a Goer Tibric Trom 
hold conTerBB in her own beautiful language. arc now rising upon It 

Love is the first great att'ribato of Deity which " la Painful truth, that 

has been mojt fully unfolded to m»n, which per- , t^" lh ecntury (a day ai 

vades all matter, aud a the first moving cause of B«"). E^'eling and r 

creation. When only applied lo inert matter il is coss . nr - u k J M, j w f. 1 nDl °\ 

called titration, v,l,il, ,,, c!,. mi-lrv it L, styled af- j """ ln B. God " ,' ko 1* 

finitj. and as ikM.lied to cl^;tru-i.v It b called the Ciealor "" w,,lln B Lo ' 

poiitive principle, aod io magnetism it is that in- ««-«■ •» «"W"« ' 

dcscribsble attructbu between rsind and mind, P"**^ • ^"S W™** r ' r bystanders, and 

and no doubt is the subtle medium which connects ""f r«d,ly 1,.l-,,u. m,,,.,.-,! with the truth 

spirit with mailer; but it reqni res more wisdom ■""* convlotion that tho prESBnl mnduflf living 
tban God has yet vouchsafed to us, or perhaps will and lll= ph)' 51 " 1 1,l(l """J 1 education are con- 
over reveal to man in this first stage of his Wist- uucire lo ill-l.^l.h, a f„l.l,. crippled intellect, 
ence tocomnrchend fully the immntable tawsol "nrl apnny. dependent, sickly, aegensratinB race 
Ae great principle and alribute of the Creator, j of American w ™^ llru " 0,r ,isln S U P before 
And it not only pervades all mMlter, bat alio Iho 

:ieir daughters i 

iveise of mind aud spirit ; ii it thu first genn of 
the divine essence unfolded in the human soul, and 
If rightly cultivated will return hack to its source, 
siBUipsi with iciiivi dual ily, with new powers to 
u-^iulre an.i und-.Tstaud ilimt higher alributes of 
wisdom and troth, of which but a feiv faiul rays 
hove traveled down to os, or as yet been hero re-" 
veiled; Tor the laws of lovo are enough for the 
government of tbiii prtntiUvu und yet ondeveloped 
wodd, and if tse obey not this first inherent low of 
oolure, most certainly we should tall in obeying 
still higher and holier taas. 

ay are so many hiiiiit-. -o many ht.ntli 
vie lonely and loveless? After the 
bride has been led fioin church, to be the polr 
star, Iho canter magnet, of home atttractlon, 
to beautify and make lovely the fireside of o 
who would help to elevate her to a lofty | ■ii-.iiion 
that sho might know and fool her true Woman's 
sphere, which her education has not titled her 
for, and etery good Ynnke of Our mother-land 
would Teel proud that bis wife occupied a good 
position in community, and an ornimunt to the 
society which sbo belongs. 

From uiy OWU observation and esperienco I 
required in i have plainly observed, that mothers entertain 
t| , mlflllintr or tlie mural taw as revealed in the vastly extravagant ideas about Iheir daoghl 
Bible, anil as taught by the life and precepts of I future years, and a good match with somebody 
Chrirt and his Apostles, which may h-: smiim-id cl iim-. thtir attention, nod imposes upon thi 
,p in these few words, "IjOVO thy neighbor as thy- Only a dull-baby, a novel, KUperficli 

selT." How 
the heart was not [ 
ther oad lo uappint 
children ot Israi-l, i 
dernc- ■ di -in furty 
land, which was hi 
But the bright 

and easy this rcqnlremcot, If 
how short and d 
iiuuiklnd are like the ' uii-ut ii 

ad la many 

noagb lo launch lh. 
ark upon tht 

i detriment lo tbofi 



n search of the promised mony, they find 
is many miles 

it ol tope now lights'up the | the phi 

ud unseawortby 
atious sea of matri- 
t their deluded pa- 
m one of tho stern 
i been chasing 

which i 

footsteps of decay are nil arou 
jewelry, a forty-dollar pockc 
none tho beltur wipe the tear. 
in... in the hour of death, nor 
the unhappy reflection of n 
life. Wealth dots nnl pave 
ir il does lo worldly distim 
ore required of yon at il 
pike; let not your last 
and turned to gall, chufi 
by tho remembrance of 

'to! bo noble ! he gunorous antl clinrlii 

whole- runilyiif millering humanity, 
ot last a goud acconnubility to thy me 
few days spenl on csrlh I 
nan, know thyself! tho destinies of 
born millions are resting in thy hands, ll 
happiness it in thy keeping, and life at best is 
shurt and uncertain ; ilieiv iIuwltjj of beauty and 
understanding in their pathway; lot us do good 
while «e may, and drive thu demon of telllsh- 
ncss and prido from oat our warm and recipro- 
cating hearts. When we so live as to learn and 
know our past ignorance and folly, those troths, 
this wisdom will be more valuable lo mankind 
than tho spleodor ol both indies, or tho hoarded 
wealth of a Cresus, when we lill this station on 
earth which it was originally deMgiitil we -jiuul . i 

Who will lefuso lo ogroo with me, that woman, 
the "lust host gift o! God to man," is then mov- 
ing in her true and prnper sphere. Then man 
will bo proud of her healthy offspring; proud of 
your love and help, and proud Lbat i/ilie.l woman 
i; •■;•-■• i pit- . li'T own ejnlKil station. Tliuirinfluunco 
will than live long after they have passed 

from earth-born troubles, and like tho glil „ 

stars that shine from tho distancu, when millions 
jet unhorn shall have — 

Tho Greenhouse Department is 

oar really fuporb etoclc of 
is unoqaalod by aavlhloE of that tort In tho State. 

Garden Vegetable Seeds, 
Of this year's crop, fine and of first quality, pu 

, and liko empty bubbles burst and 

thin air. Now tbo world to them ii 

the "garden of paradise," but look 

•fact, when lh 

e philosophy and religion go hand 
hand, guided by the steady light nf reason a' 
troth, which scatters and disperses the misia 

ignorance and superstition, dijpelling with its I uglier, plainer, and moto matter- or- fuel, when 
bright rays even tho dnrltues a«d gloom of the ' gilded mask is drawn aside ; then and not 1 
grave nod of death— enabling us to penetrate the i thun, do thoy see ils hideous deformities, ai 
mysterious future, aod by inductive reasoning find "all Is not gold that glitters." Then dist 
prove that it con only be but a continuation of our ] pointmCDts, blighted hopes a sour lempcr, an 1 
present existence, and that our happiness will eler- ' ebrlalo hosband, ragged offspring, squalid pov> 

■' Wl,. 


prldo that liovorc 
our American women (I might say onr Oaiifoi 
women), and open to thn biighlened mind 
i.;l..rir.i-. tent of truth i you will then rem 
man's iron liaml of upni>: iii.jii that now bows 
tho fa - 

.Je.ed, a- 
thy ban 


Will I: 

ha hell Shmbi laclude manj flac 
far IU-I ilia, "f wbirh iLii Itnni 

Iks ROSES aio ealtlrntcd In vary lares qnr 
■■ ir owo rooU. of all tlio eooit r^ro vorioii. 
■ ■ r.lii. j.iiR-li^alniiuontUj, wlltbosuld i 

The EjLoiic Departmeiit 

!«■ a Sao aieortmont or Cauiuui. 
tbor than tall slender plane ; and all 

Sliced Apples, 

P\{\ HXLV DDLS, cilm nito Sllcod Aralm, «qaol 

"U fn»b. im.Mi-ii.'.i'.' .-.. i-.i. 

ir. CallTorala aod SLUuemo ilrctti. 

1. 11 liv. 

all lill) ™ u ,i-nuu.,n VUTI0L1O, Ul UJ 

raro loru, Introduce. 1 1>.. in i:in..|. 
i. lien. -full; t-iannfor tboio nbo 
ioti7 and boauly. 

B SJvpUntloD. < ii.,-.! .-ir.,1, ill! 

-no will bo deltvand InHow Yoi 

..ii.l Hi. 

.ill I .Inn. i .In-. 1 
Inpoeklos, and 

""vB- 16- If 

n . -a . DHEER, 

327 Oluntant strocl, wtk 


aEi:na. di »i ii» pim nuiitj srown, 

'lill MhLL.ri, |h -r.:-i i.ill'", inrfl.ri.L.r, r.u.mlin 
■.;;i.:!.li.,Mhi.j.iii'li. .Ml ilioicr, j,ad ttira r.Mlrilr', 
:Btiu>jiittodiir*L wimfiar wlib ice Snot FLORISTS 1 

i„..lir.,li„'„l-'.'. N".VSi , H,l'. u H„„:lo,„«ne D UilTllERS, 



VANCE' S & A. E E E R Y ! 


miod ibi Ml..a-ir,c PACTS: 

THE L'\V-::.r I'.^'lll'.l l.MC^" [ VF-L~-. ..'■!,.|!i.ri,.il)y .tiled, noil Ihe rnu.l btauutul and mat 
durable of .-,11 .1. -j.-rii :ti..n, ..f Pk-iorw, n.e liken OKLY nt 

T7 - -A. W O E » S G A I Ii E S T I 
JIELAXEOTYPES, foi^rtnr to «nj Id Ihe Slnls, in wbca lit 

PHOTOGRAPHS iuiivura.Hr aJmlreJ, in token si reduced pcicei, nl 

THE FIRST PREMIUM AME1P.0TYPBS, lusiirpuu-d in ibe wnrld, in Inken nt 
V JV IS - O E * S Q AL L E S Y! 


110 and 112 Olay Street, 




M l 

C&30., etc. 


g RETAIL. gg 





Stills, Worms, Brew Kettles and Beatere, 

lift and Forte Pumjis, Brass Work, 

Jackson street, 





122 Long Wharf; 


"PE l.i.i 


T^be uTidcicntd hn.i jn* ncttfcd » tplPBdid nnorl- 

Misses 1 Mehiho Vbsts; 

Hois' Mkhino Vests; 
Ladies' a::d CiiiLr>r.i::;s' 1Io;ikhy. *c, »c. ; 

The Best Assortment in San Francisco 

LADIES' LISBN undTTn our nwn order, much 

LA OILS' [Mi ESS TKIM.\!IXi"iS. ii LOVES, .tc. 

114 Sacramento .He!, abuvo Sinn 

D. S. Rkoflatios Sicokds ; 


U. S. Emulation Sashes ; 

EpAULBmi-S KillliiMIIll" 

All of nblch nill bt ;old ,.i ri Jn. -,i n„,. 



S. H. MEEKER & CO., 


'■-"' T..,f ,:^ v ,',;;;' 1 ' l o l .. 1 ''iVi l i , ,'U'''ii'ii^ !^i^ i.'^'v ■ui 

!BH«U en n, bvornblo term, » nny bouto In the 

Wo irire ini-licolnr r. n- <- ri 1 i ■ ■ n <■' the ilnj.iTioli^, m,I 
uloofibo torj Is-) .'l .» ■ - <f Uurm-jiLii L!<iu<>», ind wudd 
j.AilknNiily rrciimiiiond uur 

Fine Old Bourbon and Magnolia Whiskey; 
Very Fine Old Cidar Brandy- -Apple Jack- 

From No- J™ r , «.„d 

Old Virginia Peaoh Brandy ; 

1,000 Packages Now York Brandy, Whiskey 

and Gin. 

Aim, nil Ibo Cholrejt Bmndi of 
Fine Old FrcncU Brandy : 

Harmony and Nephew and Duff Gordon 



KB" ffiiri Solo Asonls Tor lbs PiwIOa Coi't of 



Very Superior Cabinet Champagne 

S. II. meeker"& CO., 

boU Sbeimuonlo and Cillfornin. 

V--II J[„ 

n I' 

California Production. 


i.I,..i- u .M.,i. 




San Francisco Brass and Bell Foundry, 


OffiTn ."BWrafm b^'i'™ tareurfw?? BASIS 

Jj™J"'j iwinmsodalSi, 

■.!■. ..,-,„,.„-, 


^"■'.'iV^'m^'^' :." j\."' ■ ■■'', "'" think we kne. 

J. L po i,ih:mi:s. 

Whp Wants a_ ch ea p Pia ^7 

<. — C .i • \ '.' ■'.;',; ; i 1 .', 1 : J^faof tooa (38-SB 

Hafflv,. 1 ' 1 ." i'"'!'!..;,;- <, ( ; ir , [L . ,,,„■. rrrsr 



122 Loii^ Wbarr, 


The Ingest FainUy Grocery Siorc in this City 


WtSSUF* '"i***** **. «* •» •» 


Wuhto b ioi, .L, iippadu'ibo MukcL 

Or Itock cnllrelj- tonoiior la nny over -Diked befoi 







Sal ivo Wlncb' and Brand lex. 


Sparkling Calilornla 


Lyon & Co.'s Brewery, 


M avi r FACT 

i!-i ; f.u"iriii; .-; 

r iiedvced ritrcES, 

For Sale by Bradshaw & Co., 

L'AMrLIE^ mint n <jiror B rt to Uyln o -winief nock i 

^ "'iii!',il,.-'i'i.nv"!v',-o 

1 1 1. ii;a:;'i jfim.v. 

■■"■ ' f-OJ isij LAftH iNn 

m paiiita gnd pBrts to ull our rion mutuiUy oi 

Maohinos and Agrioultiiral Imploraenta, 



JO!2!V A. WOLF, Manufacturer 

And Wbolomle nod Retail Uoilor In 


1 -I F;r. P.™, I,- f.„ , llt .lli,„„„f 1- »|, ™ n , iarto 

l "" 1, ■"l'''-" i l il;-.|i... !V i! inddlrtcllons for euro 

tor«lobr WAHBES * 00., 

»T-7 13U WiMhinjuffl (itMt, Sjio FnucUca. 

Pioneer I 

Ah'BBACOS. Alnojr.q 

Tbo SulBorlbur I* no- i 

On h.iml and foitale ooo liuinlred Inm t 5 

— i.ivtrji-wl, Su UopnilE (Vr.,lt£., i.i.. i j ? 
8^rfni-^,.V' ' O^COOifBB. 1 

tB-IS ^ ffl f ,00,HB 17ol °* 1Vu,lu Roildln» 


juJ by adolEd ar 

nbaU, lu 





l-r Kl 'lAblc nntl 

1* comim 



In ■ 1. 



' lM", 



il. ,, 

L-.-i.lll ■ ill, 

, iii.i- .: r. <r 

H ',-. ,.r„ 




r, i ilii'!-*,,,', 1 ",! 

( " 1Ai 1 


.nly o c 

■"> "." 








•:■■: I:., 


pew c ^ viot(,ria He? ia. 



S3 W05 inaugurated r 

The r. M.S. S. Oaf* si 
Capt- Walt-ins. nrrirod on 
noon, bringing Itro-teolrtlnl 

tloAtlanlic Stales, mid i" 
tie 9th alt- Tho item 

W^limsi.'i.. «< ' . I(i) ,,„, ihrouged with 

TS^^',1, ,lin •' He whot. Jil'l"'"""'' l '"V ,! - 
S j.vcti.t..r^i" 11 - v ,,. r ,, .,„..,-.,,! when 

Ill" I"" 1 . 1 ,Vlh - . ', , „.. . ..I,,,,.-!! rn Tl-l.'Hl 

ri'S-i ■ '""■"'■, ",:;:,-' 

of Alison. A «' F"»* ."" £, i"oio B '' 

19tb of D..r,,,l-r "-■"-' ""-,.;„. s ,.7„,.. 

>.„.i,MI1.lllll. of Troosory oo "■-■ . ilMl|11 

confirmiMl Anslin Siuilb as M»oi " 

port of Son Frncisoo. . oomposo too 

Congros.i ,1 .lid !■-. ihi. cn-',t, 

recoinoieuili.'l l.y Mr. 13ul-1miiuli>. 

The new T,h,..u.l.-rec l.'..".|'""V. b,^],,! 1 

From Auatralla. . 

Bv.U..ol.,V., r .^.^7 t i 

S™., ,f tb. E..»i« B b*»;;„ 


T N 


K EX. L O G C 

.ill I- ovorv.o...'" '"■,:.; „,.ii f '""" M.-l. „ t'oH"'!; »■ 

In .look. oo *••«<■ '" J M I '• o.l.o.V .J S», I .,., „, ,„ .1, I. » ■■■ »■»«;;* '»;.„ „„ 

""" '"»£ tS« i° c.o.o,ii«mo of il» cb...... ;;»,- 1;.; ,;».' ,:":'.'..; SjlTjJ^ 

J,™ r'o ionoU" » ^"J ? \5™ pot'," „ °J!!TJ? SoiScToTlSSrSTOU l. « 

E°."~S »m o,i,i,'.oo.6* t« -I.?"."""!: '"SI-.--,,". :^3Ste ... .«■ ."»-.<;» 

..... TakinBQll 

?Co°™iara«™. i f»" k '»•»«"'" 

for modorol. sbipioonls of «ou> ■? '» 
."tali™ tlii. lotl.t ro.obo— P'O'ldoi. 

rotes rccoivod h.r. o. lob «-. £ .„, 

„«,«,. rolls* prioos tor. or. : C«l • ; -; 
1,1. ,,,rl Hoxull oo'J 0-olboo, i- ms por 

,:„ ,., ibi. ool.o.V. ilotiog tho | 

;«i,"i. 4o.ii 'ri,. ...i.ii .iy 3 ™ 

,„„ ,bi. ton t., i a., jm -j^ rf ., M , 


c 'ibr;i^ 1 ;r,rs'!,f.i,..i4™iS" 

I,'/,- 'iirth-l.- .!■!■ Tr.-ihili^l 


» Harness, Saddles, Bridles, 


California Steam navigation Company. 

fjC?i s J "' •!f:'i.,-vVi-Vi^. > "" z^xr S 

fl^atursi/r » J"fa°" -^ **»/■ "* °' tl '"*' p - a 
lAaitvisa umnnsTATis mail. 

Itcunnr SEW WORLD, C«pl rUmucl SnyniDur ; 

..JfnII.Ol'j-. '',|'- K.A.r»l°i 

'"!:,'. ". 

noj- mo uoiurao »""■" 

15^ Tb. 

^to to -«tht:ciach ;S: 

£ ^ labor »t a ,i.J a ba f P"^,, 
The fooliag of tho mining pjnulalwn afirMK 

Cranberry Plants. 

),'.,: 1-. ..-■•■ 
to 300 BnJholB por Atto 

,,. i..ii.iii.-,i 

-,l A 

ill grant 


A hill hns been latroduOb.- „ . .. 
propriutiac; li.30Q.001) uotes of Iho publ 
EamdofAgnculturoi _ 

Ur Fui.t, i.f Vl.. 1m,'.-1'Ji.-L-J 

rog B bauHlnd uf ono liunOrtd 

licres of land to uttual ftttlers. _ 

Tbc bmikf ■■■f Ihoiily "f N-'-; \ ■",■■- t-.-^ 
.pud. payincnto on lb, 12th. of Daocmbw. 
bl-b^tAlt^y.^d „,,. „tb,» thnjasj- 
tho State, and tboso of lioslon, nnii wu i 
E n ^uStui^i t iil.ihv^';l''':' n " M,(,,, . l t 1 
of Kbwk' l--.i,i. iiiii'"'!!.--!"!'! |'-'-''J/"" 
*ns soppostd thut in a very short lrau >»- 
greater porli—f tb«. E1 > rl nuea banki. -oaH 
reeumc specie p»ymenta, and tho ory of "barf 
times" woold slowly puss away. 

The ..i (J..i)r R iu. faoQlh Cawlin. 
bd3 Alahamo, have legalized the unspenEioa o 
inecie paymc-nts in thoeo States. 

It is slated, as the very latest accounts re- 
ported in Washington, that tho Secretary of 
War had determined upon hie Utah policy, but 
tho wont of money in the treasury uVIut= » cm- 
mencement of operations A lurgo force is to 
bo organized in California, and tho retreat of 
tho Mormons into Sonora will be cut off. 

Gov. Walker has reiipic.l tin- (.iuv.-rnr.r^ .ip 
of Kansas Ti-rrit-.Tv. Sicnlarj- Stanton has 
been JBsmi«>-d by the I'.^iOvnt. and General 
Denver, of Califoniia, appointed ■" »"■ 
Hon. N. P. Banks resigned hi 



munity has risen ngoi — ,- 

OOM dof commiiiiN? ...... r '.-■- --- -- • 

■ .,l,i„- the firm.-: imn ■■' ^:<^ " ■ 
,.,,; .,,„,.,„,..„ „l ltu-liBi..]-.lLl„, ^..I'l'.'. 

,'- n\,M lt ^l.f..r.... V .ndV U -lr ; .h,,.^ 

„ route from Sydney to Panama, with one 
b ^er:istm:Sr^ fl ui,. prevalent for 
,„,„„, Arc -iun w-ll, m Hil- col-ny, wl.H-h._I 
think, would afford a good chance for Cal.for- 
specnlators in this line.. 

SASDWIcn ISLANDS.-Tl,e Vanuero (.HA 
,,.,-u-li,.J ll.e l.liuid, .lir.-L-t (mm Auelruliu}. Iiiuu- 
cd from that c.intiiiNil at II...«.!alu. a lot 

"ali'.-^^ to figure large^ 
" .ports of tho Islanda. 
„„,« that the schooner CorounoE.Foote, 
« y . the Commercial Advertiser, will bo dis- 
patched hence for a guano island Ml I -■■ 

of Meiico, tho precise lucaUon of which wo havo 

n„t LL-.-..ri.,u..-d. She "ill i-n.1' avor to procure 

hero from forty to siity Httwai.OlJS, to act as 

laborers in shipping the guano. Wo -f^f 

L company has been formed in bun I rau- 

for the prosecution of this boainess, under 

Presidency of Captain Isham. formerly a 

aander on one of the Panama steamers. 

Brinckle 1 ! Orange Raspberry, 

nd[) , d V C3 per to 

R™d Antwerp, Franconin. KnotnUs Giao 
mid Fastolt Raspberries, 

decided •»P«"«» to0 ^ 


ilu, FuimJ 

Thu Cop is 



premium Marble Worka 
. rr. xJETj-iiME ac bbothbs : 


to Mar 

i.i.d r;„. 

«, T-mh 

ind biBhly 

Ordor, *U b D r«.i«a taOi ^]^£ £ 

,. E „ ,.f .Il-I-hmlii ..:l.i li- '";.,. , in „.|.i„i..n, 

' If8n tT^ l,0 ' 1 ' u " Ttrowbridgb, 

™™" v/ir niii.iv. cow. 

M« I. CT«y ~I«I rf TUBES. PLANTS, VISES, «- 
CiJDiS Fiild n.i.l Fu«> eEED3 Oj Uio 100 p«p™. 


BEDDING AND JUEI ^ U ,^„ 1 ,kI?^' 

" M.„,„|-,.b..u.or ...H ]l,i,l,.riall.:ilr,f. 
.Bcdlltoill, Cou, Maltrtjio.iiic^-'.f 
.Comrutlora.iinii ovorjlhmu in Ibo^ 

;.:::.. :."ti .■. 

Pacific Mail Steamship Company's Line 


Tor New York and Hew Orleans Direct, 

Hon/S. P. Banks resigned his Feat in Con- -Washington HarkoL-Jannary ! 

gre=9, to have taken effect on the 1st January, , *»*»* *™ a wasmn^ 
nhen be was to bavo entered apoa bis duties as | ^^^ ^ _ 
Governor of Massachusetts. - 'f a 

The splendid country seat of P. T. Barnum, 6ncrt p 0B1Wl 
- Iranistan, was J.^lroy.iM.y. fire untile IHlli. .f ' 

December. It c ,,t t HULiimt. fun.iture uilt.OUU. S^-. 
and was insured for ahoat 852,000. T«mli* » 

Col, Eiehnrdson, of Illinois, has been con- 
firmed by the Senate as Governor of Nebraska, 
vico Iztard, resigned. 

John C. Fremont has visited Boston, where 
ho has been made Knight of tho Order of the 
Sons of Malta. 

Gen. Mirulio.iu ]', Lunar, ..f T t .ias, has been 
chosen MiniiUr 0. Ameriro. 

Very eovcro storms, with onccasive I'uhl. had 
been oiperienced in many parts at the East. 
At St Paul, Minnesota, on tbe 4il. Det-. n.Wr, 
tho mercury murk, d ii ih-ii-rcb-s below zero, and 
Ihorobad been good sleighing for a fortnight. 
The Mississippi was only uavigahlo on abates. 

Tho official canvas -i lh" votes cast fur the 
Mayor of tbe tity el New Yf..rk, shows that D. 

F. Tieman reu-ived Ul.SHi v.l.-, mid Fe"> '■■ 

Wood 40,Sc3— Tieman'a majority, 227, 

The flour market at Now York was heavy 
and tho price.- ",r,. lending downwards. 

General Du.v, r, CuiuiitMnuer of Indian Af 
fairs, has submitted hi? report, in an ah I l 
review of the general condition of thn ludiuus 
throughoat tho country. Tho followio] 

In California, universal peace prevails 
tho tribes, and ihe progress of tbo reserTo.. u .. c 
i, „ucb as tho most sauguino friends of the In- 
dianB could wish for. lie i-tates that th«-, 
Laekee Reb-ervmien raised ov.r 1II.0UU bushels 
of wheat, and that tho work was di 
Indians, i.Kvi.n,'. nl v t-.vo white moo as 

Alarge ,jl eliuiiin has bi-,-n presenien ^ 
for payment r-u[,|ili,'s fnrninln-d H'?' Indian I i, 
icrvico in California durinp ll... years I851-'S2, I 
which have not been paid for want of appropri- 
ations. The IJ,iinmi>.-i"iiir recommends that 
these claims ?liu.iU In. iiive.-iiy,.led, with a vio-v 
to their final settlement. 

Tho brig E. Drnmmond has arrived nt Now 
York, fioui A .o. 1 1 in -.vail, huviii^'uu hoard a fiook 
of Lamas, GoDUgnod to James Fisher and Son, 
Those ouimals aru Alpacas, and wcro brought 
from the Cordilleras to Guayaquil, and from 
thonco ahipped to Panama and A-pinwull l.y 
■' re originally 

llc-njamln H. Bll-38, 

SPnHGFIEI.D, ----- t"* 


^Garden, Vegetable, and Flower^!« 





Fcatb.n. F 


a 11a 

r, Mob, 



wtth n« 

Koarly opposito tno 
All ordore pron,ptly altt 

r below K 
ded to, a 






^M , . 1 ^''.| |, 'tN.''r,.t'^°Ji.lbomMl»howjv3rioti«i, an- 
o ,b ca!l«r«. "ilb (nl1 J«««"« '-'.I-'"""' 
? .1 th/in ui. In i'ertnitiil.-, well Jtcurtfd in par. 
envolufif. whieb will to .cat, Port-pauf, to aoj i 
in OallSmlB, at tbo roHoifuie prlooo: 

-™, No « eol^rfiion'lV'ehoiwVriM 

,| I I'.U.IV.,.- 

Tin and Copperware, SLect Iron, Hardware, 


tantlToohaBdap--jdfi-: ; 'irtTiir ; on,f Ct-..kine, Tar- 
;-Ti(bt and othor Slovoa. . ,_,.,. 

Presents! Tor Ihe Holidays ! 


Iroportor of and Wholtsolo and Eatail Doaler 


Silver Ware, 

Jewelry, and 


Of all Kinds Constantly on Hand. 


Ho. 125 Montgomery Stroot, 


clHcc a™"" of fumariini, a dowriptwa, 
... ..,„,,,.,;.■ 1 l, j liio ca-'h. can ulilain thcai, and dct<ad 
,,ntl- irl.-in.-.'iif... W !.(...!> m v,->i..i relrulodwilbcaro, 
and tboro it lllllo doubt that this podo will pro™ « "'" 
' -iclen to Iho parohMen as If tho article had boon «.- 

f^-porsons in th o Interior wiahi ng a 

CanhavoitdaaobyforwardioBlboaoldto the nddreis 


Beady for Casing. lfl23 





U, and pnwietd Immcdlatcl 


Eailroid Atrosi 





lory in tbo Union— nni! 


..S^II^S A-lSm FURS. 

FBIEHD i TEauy.cor.alLndM.. 

J P. SMITH, cur. Mi no.! E.II.r!.-, J 
H I'EAH-J.M.L. U'.l illi-.l-'- M'-rt,-,. r? 

I'OI'.TI.H i Slr.'NOl.S, I'.-aluma. 
1VM A111M. .- = o Jh, 


•EiiiiO'craii TICKETS 

ii.i"ii'!i™'ii'i .' , . , . 11 ,| , ::, , .,'„';.,' [ i..' '!,"'.', ..;,'.' jT 

Germnntown, Philadelphia, Pa. 
Sftlncludcs in his bosioess the eolleclion ai 
Z£L ' importation of 

Every Kind of Tree ScedM 

TintclBbooblii[..J ill il.l-.'.'julrv er Eiiropo. A Prim 
aSyboVbtai'iiVj ■-i'l, ■ 'f'i ,'i'n-,-. 'i i ■ .i'ij' overj May, in 

ra.i ..r- ,1., I.. |..,l.if.| :l,.l[ ■ ..:!.■.; ■ ..I'. 




FrcncB, Epanish, English, Gorman and Italian Books. 



"When you visit tho States, remombor - Oak 
Hall," tho Pioneer Clothing House, established 
in Boston. Mass., in 1841, whoro you will find 
ovory nrtiolo of Clothing and Furnishing Gondii 
(on tho ono price system), necessary to com- 
plete a genteel dross, for tho domestic circle, 
tho drawing room, or tbo church. Tbo stock is 
daily replenished with goods manufactured for 
tho Wholesale and Retail trado, and offers great 
inducements to purchasers. 

Hots. 28, 30, 32, 34, 36 and 38, Hortb. street, 
BOSTON, Mash. v7-Hly 


Rubber. Hose and Packing, AK11 INU1A ItUIUlEll BKLTISO 

Hardware; Fairbanks' Flntform and Conntor Scales, 


isros. -4 A.isrrj e 

Court BlecK, Clay street 

,e 11 riAN FRAHC1SCO 

EJ- REGISTRY OF STOCK.— All wan ara Inteioiti 
in Iho purchase and <alo of SWck, of o™n demrlpllQi 
Kill Gnd a lt?£i?lor topt at our Offlco, for tbo ontrjora 
Slock for tnlo. and Ibeir full and correct podigreosi i 
that pononi who havo Sloclr forialo, or niih to purchas 

.-I... I. r. ill I till ■ ■■! | .rlu I illy i, i-.-iluiibl* eoc, as wo ai 

i. i ,- ,i. -I... ,.,;,..-.,.. I .-,.- I II,. o vi' l 

■£ \ C^{^^^^tr^*^^"i^^\ Ne.HOHortb^ar^fewa^ 
.,, ,.,.lkd,l Tli, ,-.i|.|,lv „t I'llAU ■l.Y.U i- liiiflo Ihll fJAH F H A II O I S O 1 

uit "u^.^"^^ BEDniNO, MATTEES3E3, FAI 



jWainlngton atrcot, 

fU..o.!i,l,!,.-3|i| Nil, r .1 

„.,,„.■■. li:.:. I. r II-. ,!.!...■.■ 

mlitasoiwi'"'-^'-'.,';!'); 1 ,;,!." 

railroad. Seventy-one of th- 

taken on hoard the E. Drumi , 

heavy weather on the passage, twonty-nino of 
their number died. 

Tho Panama Star and Herald says i General 

V.' ii I i l - r hit A-ij-iiii.-idl in llie ?t.-.i r N..r.l,.-rij 

light, for New York, accompanied by Captain 
Eagle, afthe U.S. frigate Wabash, who had 
been di (iuii .1 (,. liriiid liuu .,v. r iu iho safo keep, 
ing of Ihe Uuited States Marshnl at Jiaw York. 
Pnon Euaoi'K,— News bad ■ been received a 
New York from Europe, up to December 8. 

Ifaoy tidlures Imtl occurred iu tho 
principal mercantile cities in England. 

Tbo launching of the Uyiathini (Or,.-al E.i-l- 
ern), was prog tracing olowly. It is slated she 
has still 107 feel t.i u.ovo b.f.. n , -ho floats. 
A bill has passed to a third reading in 
declaring tbe bank „f En^hm,) „, 




40.000 ' 



Union-City Plonr, 

/ "■::-[a:jTLY ON VIAND aodfotfal 
V-' iur.:l 1 !,:..r-.l.v N IU.V:.-|,|, 

■-'■- '•-.29,1857. Ilm' 

10.000 ' 

IilmI [i.iid,-r 

:iisb Court refaaea to accede 

3.000 ' 

; 1.000 ' 

C .'rTAf,frJll[j"llUIJt 

Bngar Beet and Chinese Sngar-Cune. 

a 1 IM-: l„,,.ir,..r s..«d ,f tho above, Junt twelve 



Hardware, Crockery, Glass and Woo denware, 

Agricultural " ^^g^ ™ ^ and W 



m Milt-, :inl .it., lully i.ruj urod at oil LiLnm lu 
'^i-.^0"\ 'wlr"",,' }o.t rrom tbo East, will bo 

■ . . ,L I... ... I .„ .1., ...H..,,, ™l ,V.A 

rdwara and AgriDultural Eninorium, m lie . 
BniOK BTOBE, ,V af 


Botice to Family Grocers, 

■.null r,ll |. !„..:„.., ,„.:„tl 00 a ^j .lock 

™X"."a L iF" 

-i.i^.i>ii'.i'iii!j : iiii.ii.s. 

Broom-Corn Wanted. 

A LARGE 1.01 W liiu ii iM. i „i:n „|]| 1,- pnrohmed 
li) (I ..It.. 1,-1,. J .l....|.!i ■■ „1 ll,., ,,„.. ,:.,„ I,,. 

^.■■•rded bj tin.. it:., lu JOHN A. WOLF, 

10 C.i in ir., I llpjin in.. I .-..rniuiontos 


Finest Varieties of Domeatio Fowls 

S* B- „TDE nndonlgrednowou"jrtbriBlB,iinlL»u 

= 3 la to, ralwd r 


Lor.iii i: a 1 "'™" 1 ! f^ 1 •'"iji, ,,__, u^.^a,^,, 

,,j,. r[1 ,... ! ..,f.,ir, r..., V ;.:-,., ,.,.;: |,|i J...,,..-. .„.,,. 

A-<-"l>eT.oe Bi,oJ,L...:J..'i, l-UI rn, i.", H at irripOnmt fur Ml 
IL IIDIUCO, Ili-rfi'.'l.r, I-:*., L -,i| „;.,.-. Habtcriplimit. 
■ilhi'l "I ibi L-.|.ri!-. i, ,ii null |. t r;-.l l,y Ihll, 

,...!, „|. .,-, '..I-,. ,1.... . i !,.,„■ I.,,,,, .,:., ,,. .,jl! .-npni n 
■■_ II ...i^.^nl...- .,r.l, tii.,1, ,,■„. ,, ,ii :i ,„„„u..,l,l , ulili,Lcr. 

Tbo lln.. 

5 are thu In 

lll'i n''.Vl,i'ru' a,,',"..''' i'l.'"', 

.■,„.i,l,,i,l,„l,. r . I...f..f- -I.- 

II ,rj -Ulli 


§J(i)8> SotastBina 0(S 



S.jje California Jarmti 


ward spoil ors to 
kind 7 Nobody 
monopoly of the 

oo animal food of I ii: II'.. n lit 
ild grudge them an exclusiv- 
lirrols, which have become d 
any that Ihi 

Gophers, Rabblta and Squirrels. — No. 

Ioitobs Farmer: The greatest and 1 
obvious drawback (o gardening at the Mission 
Dolores, at the lime mentioned, was the deficiency 
of water. It was evident that there was a limit 
to my operations on Hint account, if I could not 
find another Held, where I would bo better sup- 
plied, in which to conduct them. I looked 
around; and found, about two miles off, abcauti- 

"ailirir :i 

of ? 

r all t 

fenced iu the best portion of it on both 
the Stream ; and, as 1 bad still my gardi 
Mission, congralulalel myself that between them 
1 wonld be able to do a good business. 

With the liberal supply of water which I had 
running through my new garden, I bade the 
Gophers defiance; but 1 hid other enemies which 
molested me still more, and which were not to be 
Ihns intimidated. Along one side of the valley, 
thero was a wooded baok, which was perfectly 
■live with Rabbits. They were ten times as mis- 
chievous as the Gophers nt the Mission, and fifty 
times as numerous. They threatened to eat up 
everything ; and if it had not been for some kindly 
Frenchmen who took a liking to them, I believe 
they would have done so. But though my useful 
allies prevented Ibem from increasing, they could 
not extcrroinalc them. They had got possession, 
and there seemed to be no means of driving them 

1*1 the worst happen, thought 1, I hare my 
garden at the Mission. So I concluded that the 
best thing 1 could do was to plaol a large crop- 
one hair for the Rabbits, and Iho other to go to 
market. I also got some poultry ; and made up 
my mind, as the place was so well supplied with 
water, that it was wrong to grumble, although 
the Rabbits did come in for a share. 

Theprorerb says, -Every dog has his day," 
and so had the Rabbits. One ariornoon, ns 1 was 
getting a load prepared for being taken tomarket 

Ota wild cat, creep slealihily from among the 
trees, and in a moment make a dart at, and carry 
off one of tho best dorkings on the premises. 
There was a general hue and cry after the cat, 
but she got away ; further pursuit was given up ; 
and as the task of tying op vegetables had been 
suspend^, end the sun was getting low, every 
one was off, some hero, some there, pulling and 
""tying, and hunching up, as fast as they could; 


called oi 


Again she carried off her prise, and was sali 

There was a talk of vengeanceat night, against 
the impudent intruder, and predictions were cur- 
rent that not a hen or duck would be alive in 
three days. Those who spoke thus were wrong, 
1 e tho poultry, and the cat 

did il 


Nothing, thought I, like, "sei 
a thief to catch a thief," 

I have frequently pondered on the force ol this 
remark, as I brought to remembrance my experi- 
ence in regard to Rabbits, and wondered whether 
there might not bo some way of so far domesti- 
cating those wild-cats as to get them to look after 
Squirrels, which every one seems I 
know how to get rid of. There are 

Wild animal* of thecal kind, of ei, 

the compara.ive (de.)merils or which,«nd Ibi 
■cat, seem pretty nearly bol 
>=e, the polc- cl t (Satttice, feu 

also olhc 

short- tailed 
■need— for 

The foumart is n 
fanners thero give good reasons 
Sbo smells as strongly as the 
so, and kills poultry by the do: 
latter fact from mv own expert 

■■ iN >.:<>!b„i! 

i. I ki 

oerience. The llm 

ofTamO' Shantc] 

on 1.1 

had bis farm. There w DB a ^\ f ' a 
whole valley to which she did „i 
I«ry visit, „ or one iu which th. , 

^irtj-, in a single nigbt-my rathe', 
killed and wounded, And she 
•tared away. 

Might -, 
"bring out 

manage, like Providence, to 
m evil" and train sech way- 

Mao of God brought on the obstinate Egypt! 
But thero are two objections which seem all but 
insuperable. lVc have not got them ; and we 
might find tho remedy as inconvenient as tho 
complaint. Il appears, however, that there are 
more than one kind of cats, which have all the. 
necessary qualifications for ridding us of Ihi 
if they had not besides propensities and proper- 
ties of a more doubtful nature, wbich render them 
unsuitable us auxiliaries. Arc there not olhei 
cats of n more friendly character, which undei 
proper management might be made equally ser- 
Wby not the common domestic cat 7 
Nay, do not laugh ; let me give yon an episadc in 
the life of a cat of my own, which like Nimrod 
light)* hunter," and did not confine 
herself to 

"Mice, and rau, and sash monll liter," 
ike pnor "lorn, but ei-cn-io.ully dined on tho for- 
bidden hare, and engaged in aquatic adventures 
the capture of the large water-rat (or water- 
dog a. it is | ioi!i,ciall) called in .Scotland), with 
.Ion idling success. 

That she dlfegaided game-laws and acts of 
rliaiocnl 1 know: In the romoto North of 
Scotland, where my farm was silootc (20 s 
further North than San FraociFco), the son, on 
the ' ■-! day, only shines sir hours, and time 
to be economised. It if an established rule 
linter, for the plowmeo to riso at five o'clock, 
n summer; and thresh out, with the water- 
power machine, the grain (the fresh straw of 
tbicb is used in feeding tho young cattle on tho 
inn) every alternate morning ; to clean and feed 
heir horses ; eat their breakfast by candle light ■ 
nd be in the Geld ready to commence work as 
soon as there is light enoogh for that purpose — 
tho alternate mornings being employed in dress- 
ing and bagging the throshed-out grain. While 
the plowman is attending to his horses, before 
going to breakfast, the cattle-boy feeds his stock. 
1 had a bravo young lad in that employment, 
whoso chief boasl was, th 

tall enough he would be a soldier, and already 
he could march in military fashion, and shoulder 
his turnip-pluck like a veteran, 
bo encountered a rare adventure, on which he 
doubtless expected that he could cipatiatc with 
increasing enlargement to the wondering house- 
maids by the ingle-cheek. No sooner did he 
' ;bvb, for the staled purpose, than with surprising 
spcdilion ho came rushing back to the barn. 
Tiere was a hare in the edge of the turnip heap, 
ight under a corn-stack, and oil he wanted was 
stick of any kind with which to demolish her, 
Iu never was braver. After rummaging abuut 
ir some time he got himself properly provided, 
nd dealt the poor hare such a '"lundering lick' 
"I'liuV fair to effect his purpose. But pus'ey 
hod been before him. On inspection tho beau 
van off, and all his expected glory nipped in ( ' 
iud. There was much merriment by the kltchc 
ire for long afterwards, about Sawney's heroism, 
nd how nobly such a valorous yonlh was likely 
o acquit himself at some future Waterloo anionc; 
lis decapitated enemies. 
But it is not country gawkies, but my cat, that 
■--*- tell you about. She was as good as 
So long as she had only herself 

Tho Best Crossoa for Mutton. 
A friond of onrs who has had experience in 
raising Mutton Slieop in England, and who is 
now engaged in that business, called on ns tho 
present week and gavo us his experience. He 
had twelve pare China Ewos and twenty China 
Bucks, of tho broad tail spoeies. Tho great 
desideratum in crossing is to aim nt size, quality 
and quantity. Tho China snoop ara vary pro- 
lific, and good mutton sheep. The Mexican 
sheep ore largo size, and by tho cross of the 
China with tho Mexican a large' and excellent 
mutton sheep is nbtained. 

Another fact, too, tho prolifio nature of the 

China is retained, as wo wero shown that by 

is of tho China Bucks to a largo flock of 

tho Mexican sheep,, an average of twin lambs 

the result, and many cases of threo and 

sometimes four. 

leva is no gain, to cross tho Chiaa upon (be 
American sheep, but tho other cross improves 
tho sheep, both tho mutton and the wool. 

a desire particularly to stato, that from 
long experience, we learn that tho China cross of 
the Mexican, gives superior restaurant mutton, 
tho kind' that chops up well, as young 
mutton, without forcing— weigh about sixty 
pounds. . 


to providu for, her habi 

She apparently hod recourse to "field-sports purely 
for the omusemont they afforded her. But on 
the birth of an interesting family of six young 
kittens, she turned her accomplisbmcnls to prac- 
tical account. Tho kitlens had heen slowed 
away in the barn, and, being removed from tho 
immediate supervision of female eyes, Wero prob- 
ably neglected. Mother pussey did not require 
human sympathy ; she knew her own resources • 
and having on instinctive faith in Iho proverb 
Which tells us, rather flippantly I admit that 
■■God helps them that help themseli 
' Jut to the fields, fully resolved t 
nee and her own ingenuity, 
mm little distance from the farm yard 
as a largo open ditch, which served 
for conducting off the wholoof thed; 
a considerable portion of bottom I 
.-as conveyed into il by means of covered 
As the fields on both sides 

Above, n 

again present oar renders with an 
ig of this luscious fruit, showing its ao- 
tuat size, as wo feel confident it will bo a great 
acquisition to our State. Oar aesoc into editor 
visited tho grounds of Messrs. Seymour & Co., 
South Norwolk, Conn., where some six acres arc 
devoted entirely to its culture ; a portion of 
which is for fruit and a part for propagating 
plants for sale. Although the season was far 
advaaecd when his visit was made, still ho was 
more than repaid for tho trouble, for tho fruit 
oven then was hanging in clusters equal in size 
to tho drawing above. 

Wo give below a description of tho frni 
and can recommend it safely to our farmers 
hero, as a most valuable acquisition, and oni 
thfit will repay handsomely for tho slight amouo 
" '. investment. Mr. Seymour in his letter, soys 

"Tho 'Now R.iohello*Bluckherry' sends up 

inually large din! vii_r,,r..u* upright »lioob with 
lateral I mucin-.., all „f which, under coinmi, will Li. r;,-,,wii,.,l ivlth (in,, fruit, 
portion of which ripens duilv in niutnt sea.-ioi 
for eii weeks, ciiuiuieneine. ab,.ut the uti.lilh, uf 
July. Thejr are perfootly hardy, always thrifty 

till.] productive. 11.1.1 I bale „..[ f,,,]iej tL-u, 1 j , , t . | . 

■-■> injury by insects or blight. 

Tin.. vin,.,-i K r..-v- .j.iiio krge— many of them 
'or an inch in diameter. nnr| th,. i>.ti t hi-.n-in.- 
very thick clusters— in size more like the 
bu-....- (.iron (;,!«,» I'lum- than ordinary Black- 
h.,rne ? The flavor i» not apparently diluihi-h-d 
lyitslnrgo tizc, anil Ihe lew shm!-; ii not iLi 
■ ■;.«t recerrimeudution. We think thi.- berry i, 
■uluuhle ucqui-ilien Ut our il.ui....Htii: fruit.-, ..nil 
place in every garden, nnd 

numerous i in] nines wo are continually re- 
ceiving in regnrd \o it. 
In transplanting, Messrs. Seymour Si Co. 

r. C'.iiimeii,] M.|, : etin K plants from two to three 
feet high, and h> -,>[ thitu ulnjiit the Erst of No- 
vember, or middle of April, iu that latitude. 
1 hoy may bo put out on almost any soil, at a 
.lislniic.. ul fuur to six feet apnrt. Winn ~nlu,r 
oat, it is tlcdmbio to cut off the vino nt four to 
six indies ftum tho ground. For field culture, 
tln-y re torn 1. 1. 'nil preparing tho ground by ploiv- 
1111-' in mi ordinary coating ,.,f bum- vnr.l loin.ur.. 
Two or threo experiments with guano dug in 
iiri.ui.d i!„. hill, have been quite successful. 

Tin. fruit j B juicy u.i.1 Hue IhnoreJ, with very 
fow seeds. The H i: „ can har-llv h,, a w.ree.iu. ■,.",! 
by lh.. ; e who beve never seen nuly tho common 
vrinelies— siily t„ berries" ..f ul..o,t II,. 
■■nJiunry si,:e, will fill a quart taoasaif. Tho 
yield is very great, .ingle cane.s yielding from 
four to eight quart,. Five hundred to one th,.ii- 
ftttid ripe or gr.-.viug l.,.nie.- have been ceunb-d 
iiji.ui unragi. bearing (.■u.i.-s. An in eh loan inch 
mu.1 one-hall i, abr.ut the au-rage diameter, 
1 '-I' li-.fg'T li.-rrie- an- .[nil,, common. " ' 

heon tried for wine, oight quarts of borrii 
lucingfivo qunrlfl of pure juice— making 
' ; " -- modicinal-" 

pal a table as well a; 

is necessary iu rofon 

'? St"" plant-, eavefullv paeb-d ; f..r 

I'lnioij.!...! ami irros|...nsih|.. r...,l,ller- mnl 
^.eeuhn..,, will iu this e,.se-ai iu that of fruit 
tre.- s alienipt to palm .,11' any thing i n tho -ban,.. 
"I 'i blackberry v, „.,.„., ,| lr . genome 'Now " 
nholle.' If oorofully packed, thoy may bo 
rted safely to a considerahlo distauco, prov 
always, that in taking up or sotting out, 
loft exposed to wiud or sou. 

particular in describing; in order to answer the I should bo sent 

1 be received at this Ofiieo, o 

i grain crops, ji had hoc- 

unmolested any 

s tho 

'y this 

ime of a r. 
i could the. 

iof provisions all around 
'■ cat bent her woy, and 
er-dog as big as herself, 
consigned to heryotith- 
»* off again. I kept an 

of Iwonly-'""' '- >- — 

these evidently wr. 

iw time, and pussoy rose ca.l," ("probably 

id not go to bed at all), arid It was oo un- 

usual thing for those who were first up to ob'- 

returnlng with her prey about sunrise. 

is not only a cleanly animal, with a 

tern. To this ditch II 
xm returned with a u 
hich she had no room 
ful progeny than she was offagafnT 

iple of weeks; 

lo anything which would pi 
..... nii,-uiiiiu G iu nair in disorder, hut has, as 
well known, a special dislike to getting int 
water. I was curious lo know how she contrived 
to catch this novel kind of venison, on which she 
had concluded lo briug up her infant family ; ami 
ono afternoon, as 1 saw her marching off to her 
favorite haunt, T concluded to follow hor, anif ob- 
serve, how she behaved. As I took especial care 
to keep out of her sight, and had to manage art- 
fully to do so, sho got considerably ohead of mo, 
glimpse that I had of her showed 
' i.'shehad already got something in her oyo. 
o hcon hard to say which was the 
t, I or she. In this respect I was 
fortunate, as her attention was so riveted with 
the object of her search, that I could, without 
isk of detection, gel intn a position which com- 
landed a full view of the sceneof interest. She 
■as perched upon tho high bank of the ditch 
tho water of which was seven or eight feet bolow 
and of considerable depth. I could see her 
glistening, and Hied on something in the 
; nnd sho evidently had sufficient genoral- 
lo make the [ 

ship lo know Iho 

itlack. If I had any doubts 

i that point 

were soon put lo rest, for with ono hold spring 
she plunged in over head and oars, and brought 
her captive along with her. 

She was a noble cat, and I could write mora 

nbout her than many would caro for reading. 

only say, as Burns says of ''the 1 


"A' hordi 
Wad dine 

I believe I have 

nne, that a cat, tv! 

feet high, t< 

[ a t^t, 

a from a bank 

.eh would diva 

kill bores unfiurt amid tho sholsof gamekeepers 
would not scruple n. u.i.he prey of squirrels under 
ordinory ci re ums Lances, and without n|'l.. ob- 
stacle lo nrevent her. But let tins reader have 
week [ I have direct ovldeaco to 

slienco till m 

Id ace on the subject. 

Uiu-iitox, Jan. 15, IKS. 

M'siengtr, wo learn tin 

Bees.— By the Qalignani 

o ogrioulturista r> 

cently found tbeic Bees would eat tho linseed, 
" ich has passed tho press. By reason of this' 
discovery experiments wore made, and tho re 
as a largo increase of honey, by soma ton 
as groat. TboBC foots should bo widely 

Success In Sheep- mi sing. 
Those splendid Merino Bucks and Ewes 
which wero imported at high cost the last spring, 
by Messrs. Seorlo & Wynn, from tho choicest 
flocks of J. D. Patterson, Esq., of WestfieU, 
Chautauquo county, N. Y., have proved to be a 
very great acquisition to California, as well as 
most creditable, satisfactory nnd profitable to 
Messrs. S, Jiff., and giving most honorubfe 
testimony to tho value of tho flocks of Mr, Pat- 
terson. It will bo recollected that tho lot al- 
luded to were threo Bucks and two Ewes. The 
progeny now of the fall bloods arc three Buok 
Iambs and one Ewe, and tho loss of two lambs. 

The last year tho Ewes gave each one lamb ; 
tho present year, tho Ewes both gave twin 
lambs; thus showing tho prolific oharaater of 
alimate. In addition wo should stale that 
the Bucks have been placed with a largo flook 
of American Ewes, on.l tin. result is "one hun- 
dred and eighty-six half breeds," of a very fine 
character. This cross is found to bo very 
sfaotory, producing sheep of an extraordi- 
nary excellence by a single cross. 

Such results aro highly gratifying to all who 
look j'ustly to this great interest, and this nows 
must come lo Mr. Patterson, from whom the 
original stock was purchased, with great satis- 
faotioa. Wo are pleased to know that Messrs. 
Searle & Wyun will offer at public auction a 
fow of these fine sheep next autumn, of which 
ample notice will be given. 

Beet Sugar. 
U ill our farmers permit the coming season to 
pass without making an effort to establish the 
manufactory of Sugar from the Beet. There is no 
nnc vegetable that will produce so large a ciop, or 
pay so well, as the Sugar Beet ; cither Tor feed for 
stock, or the manufacture of Sugar nnd Alcohol. 

The increase of the crop of Beets in France is 
cnormons, nnd tho valao of the product in sugar, 
sirup, and alcohol, has been estimated at nearly ono 
thousand millions orfranes annually. TheoITorts put 
forth by Mons. Eugene DelEssert, the last year at 
Ihe Mechanics' Pair, and at tho State Fair, should 
awoken a bettor interest in this matter. We have 
one instance, where, from one-twentieth or aa acre 
Gvo tuns wero raised ; equal to one hundred tuns 
per acre. Can nny crop excel this T 

Will notour Legislators look to this foot? 
Ought there not to be a generous Slato bounty 
awarded lo the man who should mouafactoro the 
first fire barrels ofBect sugar. Let the State give 
u bounty nt sinfmri lo „,,■!, „n enterprise, and the 
increased value of taxable property brought into 
neqr.islt-.on , by such competition for the prize 
«"uld ten limes pay the bounty. 

Su0AR iHi-OiWEn DV Manufacturers. 
Tho Houso of Turner Brothors, now one of tho 
largest and most influential of our State import 
about 200,000 pounds of Beet Sugar annually, 
from Franco and Germany, and at a cost doubln 
what it oould bo mado horo for. Messrs. Tumor 
Brothors employ largo numbers of workmen in 
their extensive manufactures, and thoy would 
bo very glad to purchase CU/omia-mndaugar 
in proferanco. Wo wish our citizens would 
visit thoir manufactory, on Market afreet 
Their simp and wine factory is ono of tho most 
important in our Slato, giving employment lo 
lorous workmeu. thus scattering widely 
ng the industrials hundreds of thousands of 
— Tumor Brothers havo a largo house 
i in Roahostor, N, Y., and 
tha largest dealers in tho 

in Now Yorkofty, 
in this businor- - 
United States. 

TnK Next Ststk p A ,„ w jl| be held at Marys- 
ville. An efficient Board of Managers, with J. C. 
Fall, Esq., ns President, is a guarantee that all 
that can bo done will be done to insure success lo 
the enterprise. 

Iq California oai *" 
„ .,,•„. ., ..« •' «nrr»«. 

■ ■ „r ,i„. muntrics or the Bible, mil show more 
BW™ _." „, t Ml goiniiilV "°« d "' 

tar lb., to Bm o, Wri ftiw^j 

prever, tho Lord ippcorod to him in 

Lid, -Ifl.h.l.p Boo... thottho™ £« 

„ if ,h.I«™>. '° *™'"' „„ d „ r 

iri Job, ,h. K...h..o P' 1 "'"' ° „r. r ,h„,o s; .„dt»,p'« 

'Const thou rait, him . (mid t 

r?^ndTlilUitoo»orinLMnmmins»no OB -| -""--—; ,. 20 . A nd D»,irl say 

' ", r._«h..mi», to EHPt, A»b», lb"' *<»' " ,. . ,,, ,„ „„„ it fedMh I 

lyantl pucLitan-ui«»"t— r--- - 

S Leasts .nd Gr.oh.onon, to Egypt, Arab!-, 

d A* Minor; .od .n.b „ .. mod _.,, , — » 

„„ bonin to .,..1. And tho mm or .!»■■« 

,.„ e»...ri«, «~ .' tta '""'J'* " 
tboj visit som. port or olbor of tho East, .r.r, 

J 'S.. -plot,, or ,b.f.».rij»f*"^ 

::S:otr.-or 1WDins ^^ 
;:;^uS"Lk"'oubt mucnr k 

„ Q ld bo done by any other than « Person of for- 
lone or en officer employed by Qwerwnmt 
LU D oo n0 o Ut oftb 0ra ^ortbo^-- 
ptacrs of France, «od Germany, would be i «M .to 
ooderlake so lo.mi.alT arduous a task. For 

bavo to bo dn.B«nly a*" 1 "* 1 ttnd COT,s * Ucd - U 
m ent officers wero added, it would bo 
TfcsactBgores of 'ho different species or tbc 
insect, of each country could bemndc,andco.W 
in KDJ r or flail, from lbs egg to tho completion 
sndend of ^ destructive lite, «nd cngrav-upi 
made of these for distribution; what immense 
tenant would accrue to the cause of oiact science, 
and of n cosmopolitan humanity. 

Well, here is what the Bible says -bout these 
nliEuesof Apollyon; 

"And the Lord said nolo Pharsnh, else if thou 
refusal to let my people go, behold to-morrow will 
I bring tho LoauU into thy const. And they 
shall cover the face of tho earth, that one cannot 
be able to see the earth : iud thoy sb" 11 «*' lnD 
residue of toil which is escaped, which rcmainelh 
unto you from tho bail, and shall cot etory tree 
vhlch growclb for you oulot the field. And ther 
shall Ell thy house, nod tho bouses of all thy 
servants, and the bouses of all the Egyptians. 
And so Pharo.h, being frightened, and consenting 
with fear and anger, Moses and Aaron wore 
driven from his presence "Then tho Lord said 

It thy h 

X the land 

of Egypt for the Lociutf, that thoy ma. 
upon tho land of Egypt, and eat every herb or 
the land, even all that the hail bath left. And 
the Lord brought an Eatt wind upon the land 
all that day and ail that night; and when it was 
morning, tho Eail mind brought tho Loauli. 
And thoy went up overall the land of Egypt, and 
rested in all the coasts of Egypt : Tory grieteus 
were thoy ; before them there were no such Lo- 
custs as they, neiihcr after them shall bb such : 
for they entered the face of tho whole earth, so 
tb«t the land vas darkened ; and they did eat 
every herb of the land, and all tho froit of the 
trees which the bail had left ; and there remained 
nnt any green thing in the trees, or in the herbs . uia K 
of the field, through all tho land of Egypt. And j^j, 

01 tne neiu, inruu^u >■■ lu« mnu u. ^^j i-.- — 
tho Lord turned a mitf/i'!/ ..ron£ Xl'tit urinJ, 
which took away the Locusts, and cast them into 
the Rid Sea; there remained not one Iflcusl io 
all the coasts of Egypt."— Eiodus, chapter 10, 
Tcrecs 5, G, 13 and 14. 

"Even those of them ye may eat: tho Locuit 
after his kind, and .he Bald Loctui after his kind, 
and the Beetle afier hia kind, and the Graii- 
kopper after hia kind."— Leviticus, chop. 11. t. 22. 
And of tho people who went up unto the land 
of Canaan, by order of Moses, and brought back 
a bad report of the country, which made the peo- 

,„,„„«. !h. U 
, 23 And Kin., in ,6m 30th oh.p. 

Fro',.'*., 21 ., »,.. "I" i"™" h '™, ™ .""■; 

L ■» lb., fcrlb .Hot tb.m b, b.nd»» And ,n lb. 

;„i,ndid ..horflion oC, o»'i>. 

12, oommonoing with, "R.m.mb.r «, Oj" 

ih, d.„ or th, ,.oth. r.' ih. ■•"• f •" i ■»• 

..ill com. 'ivh.o tho GrantoW GhttU bo ° 
bordeu, nnd desiro .brjl Ml.' "—Vers. 5. 

i„d ,b. i..pir.d pr.pb.1 i»IA .» to m . 
nificeot apostrophe on tbo ottmiu.c!, 
T9 ,sal Father, says: "To whom w.ll yo 1 ken 
God 7 It is He that sitteth upon the crele of tho 
Earth, and the inhabitants thereof are as GrM- 
hoppm; that stretobolh out tbo Heavens as 
PP and sp-eedeth them out as a tent to dwell 
miah chop. 40, terse 22. And Jeremiah 
the Lamentator, says of Egypt, 607 years before 
Christ = "They shall cut down her forest, saith 
the Lord, though it cannot be searched, because 
.hoy are more than the GraishoppfTt, and are 
inn nmerab.e.»-0uapter46,torse23. And Joel 
tbo son of Pelhuol, a prophet also saith, lbal 
which thu palmer worm hath left, hatb the Lo- 
crui eaten: and that which tbo Loaut bath left, 
,lh the canker-worm eaten ; and that which the 
canker-worm hath left, hath tho caterpillar 

'"ABro devooretb before thcm.and behind them 
Bamo humeth ; the land is as the Garden of 
Iden before them, and behind them a desolate 
jilderness; yea. and nothing shall escape them. 
The appearance of them b as the appearance of 
horses ■, and as horsemen so shall they run. Like 
tho noise of trumpets on the tops of mountain 
shall they leap, like the now of ajtame off- 
that devours the Hubhlc, and as a strong peo- 
ple set in hattle ar.aj. Before their foco, the 
peoplo shall bo 'much pained: all faces shall 
™ther blackness. They shall run like trngbty 
men : thoy shall climb tho wall like men nf war; 
and they shall march every nno on his ways, and 
they Shall not break their ranks. Neither shall 
me thrust another ; tbey shall walk every one in 
hia path, and when tbey fall upo Q lbo EWOtd lbo J 
shall not be noonded. Tbey shall run lo and 
Tro In tbo city ; thoy shall climb up upon the 
wall; tbey shall climb up open tbo boose*! 

thoy Bhall enter in at ...- 

thief. The earth shall quako before them ; the 
heavens shall tremble i tho suo and the moon 
, dark ; and the stars shall withdraw their 

"Awake yo drunkards, and weep; and howl, 

all yo drinkers er wine, because or the now wino ; 

j cut off from your mouth. For o natinn 

i up upon my land, strong and without 

r, wbnso teeth are as thu teeth of a lion, 

I hath the check teeth nf a great lion. Ho 

Uid my vino waste, and barked my fig-tree ; be 

clean hare, and cast it away ; tho 

pUo. I. nnt kno»n „b... tho, ■'.• -°»"™' 

"i™ 1 ",. th. di.p.»»«"» " «» G " ! " 1 
Cb*..r..p,o..h.d,.b.» «""■»" 

forerunner or tho Ncaiauir „,™,h- 

man "rcas Locu.U and wild honey, wb.ta preaot. 

,,,t d.«,i ,?.:. «f 'bi. p ,.„ibi. ~*v » -~ 

. *.• ■ ci Tnl.n OG vera oftor thrl.t, 
ilv, tb. Divine, St. John, JU !»' 
to lb. io.pir.d Itorol.tion., "hon h. «< » ™ (...rtakinn lb. B,rl.n m»v»). 
"T.-d o, ( God,.nd f.r ■'• '— ^' 
J.,., Cb,i,t—h.™, to «»..."( ^ mgb , .» 

on hath not seen, nor uin. u- 

, n ,1,. mind nf man to conceive, he says : 'I 
into tho mina oi m-u.™ • , 

saw a star fall from Heaven unto tho oarth. And 
the bottomless pit was opened, and there arose a 
gm oko out of the pit, as the smuke nf a great .W *- 
co • And there came out or the smoke Loaatt 
Ln the earth, and onto them was given power 
as tho scorpions of the earth bate power. And it 
ot.. commanded them that they shonld not hurt 
tho grass or tho earth, neither any green thing, 
neither any tree : but only those men which have 
not the seal of God in their foreheads. And to 
them it was given that tbey should bo tormented 
Gve months : and their torment was bb the tor- 
ment of a scorpion when bo strikelh a man And 
in those days shall men seek death, and shall no 
Bud it; and shall desire to die, and death sha 1 
flee from them. And tho shapes of the LocuU 
wero like unto horses prepared unto bald- 
on their heads 
and their faces 

.ppo.r.lil,..=.rd .1 «.».«•.. »•»* 
pEd to B .,l,.r, ..d droppod l"t. > •"» I* 
rtiob Iho, «..b. to lb. gronnd .lib .. .m. I 
,p,.,.ln. .tmobrm lo Ib.i' toil.. E.ob r.m.l. 
lovs rrom, to oi B hty egse, .nd .ornolimo. 
more. Shorll, olio' loldllin. lb. W*' ™ " 
n.turo, tho Gr.Mhopp.ra q.iohly depennroto .0 
dio, without Inking car. of their livlra or of oooli 
other, but Laving in thoir egg. ibo seeds of . 
numerous poatorlt,. 

"Tho birth of tbeso no. Grasshoppers h.a no 
particular tlmo, but la dop.ndoot on iho o.riy or thn r.ln.l but Ih., g.n.r.l I 
liatehduriugtb. p.rl.t Sepf.mberor earl, 
i.0.1.b.r, «h.n,from Ih. ,.,.. of CI,- 
ttroMhogerm. and bud; l.f ptaU, .» ; U> » 
,h. tmUm Shorll, .Iter birth, .b,l. the, aro 

Shout .ing...h.i. i»» 't; r :r. 3 

but sb.,ed Ilk. th... of - -"•<"". X, « " 

the inseet is thon . dark gre,. Their Oral e,er 

i is to on to th. »«n* S'»" ""^ '! 

?1 -^ nnn . near hv the, keep jumping nnd 

m :iUU:»re^ree.'p,..'.ndge.or.,i, 

to oompao, with Ihos. of ih. »m. »-t and 

mn ih.r As saon ns Iho, bavo consummt tho 

r:,of.n.p'.n.,.h.,P-ton""''''. b '»" l ' l 

Lomiog • bright., «..', ». *«■ "» *?™ 

families begin to unilo. Wh.n Ih., .» • • 

half .!«., Iheir ..lor is . pmftot greo". ■» "■» 

time leg. have boo.m. .Long, .""thn, 

,p higher nnd qnlek.r, .nd moreiso and eon- 

trive Ibe beat fashion for se.king their lemd, whil. 

passing Iho «.«.- A f.w d.,. .her .— ■ 

1. tbei' greon coat, the, cast ibeir skin or 001 

.voting and Ibnn display their four wings vrl.ioh 

„i,lb baltloi and .,. ol.s. sh.t » *«' !»>»» J" '"" *" 

...... iik. gold, b«,m.s groon, mi-ed «f "'* f^,^ ™ 

,he fare, of men. And the, am Ibr.. naonlh. old th.J «• 

giants, the Sons of 
Anak, which cotno of tbo giants, and i 
our own sight as G raiihoppers ; and 
in their tight" [added the scared Hebrews] 
.hers, chop. 13, verses 32-33, 

branches thereaf are made whito. Lament, like 
tirgin girded with sackcloth for tho husband nf 
or youth. Tbo meat offering and tho drink 
offering is cut off from the house of tbo Lord : the 
priests, tho Lord's minister!! mourn. Tho field is 
wasted, tho landmournolh ; for thocorn is wasted; 
tho new wino is dried up, tho oil langnishcth. 
Bo ashamed, yo husbandmen ; howl, O yi 
wine dressers, for tbc wheat and for tho barley 
because tho harvest of tbo field is perished. The. 
Tino i» dried up.and tho fig tree languished j tho 
pomegninato trco, tho palm tree also, and tbo 
a|iple tree, even all tbo trees of tho field aro with- 
;red. Tbo seed is rotten under their clods, tbo 
i are laid desolate, tbo barns aro broken 
for tbo corn is withered. How do the 
beasts groan 1 the herds of cattle are perplexed 

tb"ey bad hair, as .be hair ofwomen^nd their 
Itflib were as tbo Icetb of lions. And they had 
breastplates, as it were breastplates of iron ; and 
Iho soond of their wings wat at the sound oj 
chariots of many hotsei runntn,? to battle. 
And they had tails like unto scorpions, and there 
wero strings in their tails : and their power was 
to hurt men Ovo months. And they had a king 
over them, which is tho angel of tbo bottomless 
pit, who bath his name in the Greek tongno, 
Apollyuo.»-Cbnplcr 9, verses 1 to 12, 

This concludes tbo biblical account of tho ap- 
pearance of the Locusta, which have scourged 
Iho old populations nf tbo Californias, Palestine 
and Egypt, from the year 1571 before Christ to 
the year 9G after hisbirth, as narrated by twenty- 
of tho inspired men who indited tho earliest 
chronicles of the human race. And be it re- 
membered, that ns was and is cow the physical 
itnated life and productions of tho 
Holy Land of the Bible, so precisely is it but as 
the PociOo California of our days. It is in all 
leading thingsof nature, but an Asiatic Unlifornii 
tho which tho more wostudy, tho more we wondi 
nnd admire i for tho world, like its men and wo- 
men, goes by duplicates and multiplications upon 
multiplications, Trom thu limes of tho holy 
ancients to the speculative moderns. There bo 
nothing new under the sun ; thoy aro all, but old 
things in a now dress. Let this teach the igno- 
rance of presumptuous man, when be feels puffed 
up with tho vaniticsof a little learning. For "all 
knowledge," as Alexander Humboldt, tho man of 
wisdom and rare research. Bays, In 18-W, "is but 
approximative." Hear that, yo little ones j more- 
over, there aro very system* of universes nolsccn 
by eyes many thousands magnified, which are 
beyond tho system of our own sphere, tho last 
OTen but imperfectly known as yet, even nmong 
the diligently learned and studiously observing. 
The facta and observations thoy bavo eanserved 
for six thousand years, aro mere stopping stones 
to tho fuller knowledge of their use and applies, 
tion to the vorinus beings who 
life this infinitesimal speck in 
id planets. 

u reddish 

tney are «"•- — - , 

site form and features, and become of 
H roy with blsckish spots. Its appearaw - 
*en is tho only beauty of this peslilenl plague 
of California. They maintain these featntes until 
the hot, dry wealher, when Ibey become yellow- 
ish un til their death. Their life, from birth to 
death, lasts ten months, during which they cast 
Iheir coats twice, nnd change their colors lite 

""'When their wings bavo become of sufficient 
strength, and the body at ito matur ity. Ihey -tin* 
begin to ascend into tho air and fly like birds 
and commence their ravages in otcry direction 
desolating tho fields of ctery green thing Thoir 
jmbers become so Mtraordinary, that thoy sooe 
form clouds in the atmosphere which impede lb. 
of tho sun and cast a shadow as they Cy 
Thoy unilo in massesof ton and twelve thousand, 
always folluwing their conductors and flying ir, 
direct lino, without falling behind, for thoy co 
surne every growing thing beforo them. To what- 
ever bight their guides conduct them to obtain 
a siRhl of their food, thoy follow j and as soon ns 
growing crops or any verdure is sighted, instantly 
tho swarm will alight, and speedily devour nnc 
detastalo tho fields around, to that extent, ant 
with such promptitude, that when they are seer 
by n now swarm of their fellows, there is no 
anything mojo left to injure or consume. In th. 
night they neither cat nor sleep, but are all tho 
limo mounting and jumping on each othe. ... 
thick masses, nnd bending nnd cracking with 
thoir weight Iho branches nf tho shrubs and trees 
thoy may cover or rest on. [This last fact was 
noted by tho Nurserymen of Sacramento, in 


"Tbis lamentable insect plnguo is bad enough 

n old and cultivated countries , but in tho miser- 

nblo peninsula of California, where thoy oat up tho 

crops, green trees, fruits and postures, they cause 

great' mortality in tho domestic animals of the 

Missions; nnd with tho effects of their ravages 

.„, ,,. ll ™. OQ ihocerealandolhergardenproduction»,causes 


Hem of our and neophytes of tho establishroculs. Atone 

"""'"' ' immense multitudes of these vorociousin- 

tboir appearance In tho lands Tormcd by tho 
MiaslonB, until tho year 1722, when Itaoy mado 
their appearance, and thon ceased until 1746, and 
for three yearn immediately following, without 
Intervention. After this thoy did not return 
until 1*53 and 1754, nnd Anally, again, beforo 
tho expulsion of (ho Fathers, in 1765, 1760 end 
1767 For many reasons has this unhappy 
pnfaLub,ltar several codsccuUto years, escaped 
theaffllctianof thoplagueof Locusts. Probably, 
in certain seasons, their eggs could not bo hatched 
for tho exceptions of tbo fall of ordinary rnina, 
as sometimes bore occurs, and also for tho nbuod- 
inco of their egga consumed by tho birds. Also, 
:i is stated, that in tho spring of tbo year, in- 
3 redib!o numbers of tho Grasshoppers aro killed 
by a certain worm which is engendered in the 
ilontach of the LocuiU, and which commits 
great havoc amongst .Jbcin ; for this reason, prob- 
ably, and others mentioned, and some os yet un- 
iwn causes, thoy havo not made their nppear- 
:o In largo numbers In tho seasons elapsed be- 
■en the years mentinncd. 
'Anciently, tho Indians nf tbo California Mis- 
sions used tbo Grasshoppers as food, by first 
toasting tbcm, nnd after extracting tho entrails, 
puiverixing them before eating. But the B°°d 
isels of tho Missionaries, after their appcar- 
iin 1722, when thisspecicsof food occasioned 
among them a great sickness, caoscd them to 
leave off using them, though someof tho neophytes 
still would cnt them In tho years when food be- 
came scarce from thoir ravages io the sowings. 
To form an idea of the prodigious multiplication 
of tho langostas. Bomaro, tho writer before re- 
ferred to, says that in 1613, in tho territories of 
Aries, Bocaria and Tarascon [counlticsof Franco, 
the mouth of tho river Rhone, near tho Medi- 
terranean coasts.-*, a. t.] when thoy mado 
their appearance and committed immense de- 
struction to nil kindsof crops, the authorities, by 
tho offering of rewards and premiums, caused the 
peasants lo gather no less than three thousand 
lintals of the eggs of ihc Locust, nnd which 
ere destroyed. And it wns calculated that if 
_j«a eggs had havo hatched in the following year, 
tho enormous number of Bto hundred nnd fifty 
thousand millions of Locusts would have been lot 
loose, to commit thoir devastating ravages on tho 
surrounding countries."— From the history of 
old California (in Italian), by tho Abbe Francisco 
r01ntijcro,publisbedaboull7 n 0. Olnvijero 
Mexican Jesuit, who retired lo Italy, after 
ixpulsion of his order from the Spanish 
enionies. Ho is considered n writer of good nu- 
thority, nnd published a celebrated work on 
Mexican history, which is quoted largely by Pres- 
is Conquest of Mexico. 


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The following Interesting; account of tho Pacific 
Grasshopper is from Olavijero's California : 

"Tho insects of California most notable nnd 
extraordinary, are tho langoitas {Grasshoppers), 
which, from their immenso multitudes, aro n 
scourge and curse to the country. For tho reason 
that this plague docs not affect tho countries 
where naturalists may carefully obsorvo them 

with mfnulcni 

Andin Moses 1 code of laws, blessings and eu 
be says ; "Thou shall carry moch seed out 
the fields, and Bhalt gather but little in ; for the 
Locust shall consume it." — Deuteronomy, ehnp. 

because tbey have no pasture ; yea, the flocks of 

sheep ore made desolate. For Ihe fire hath do- 

ircd the pastures of the wilderness, and tbo 

_mo bath buret nil iho trees of the field. Tho 

beasts of tho field cry also unto thee : for tho 

'' " | rivers of waters are dried up, nnd tho _ 

Acain, wbtn lli>- M.'Jiiiiii'.... ■iiii... f.n-.iii-i'i'.r , . ,,' , , 

■ ,' .u i j t i ... ... nn devoured the pastures of the wilderness. *.~~, 

and enslave thu land of Israel, it is said: "tor , . *,. .... ^-.j. ,„_._» h T i,t.,j 

,. ... ... .,; . , . , the prophet adds, il thu peoplo repent, "tbo Lord 

they came up with their cattle and their tents, lr r , .... , ,,. r.-...., k.n, 

* . „ ; , , . , wi 1 restore to joulho yean Hint the Locuit bath 

and tbey came as &raj»/wpperj for multitude, ""' , , J ' ,. ,„ , ,. 

.',..- , " , . , eaten the canker-worm, tho caterpillar, and tho 

for thoy and their camels were without number, catcn ' , . , . ' r ' „ , , 

, ,, , . . , ,. , . , . , „ „ nalmer-worm, which I sent among you."— Joel, 

and they entered into the land lo destroy It." — 1 P 0110 " 1 "™™i . _ 
Judges, chap. 6, torBe 5. ( chaptors 1 

And then Israel 
Gideon, the Judge, 

against "the Midianlles, and Amnlokites, and all 1 ™° l/" 1 " oejore »k «...- . 
the children of tho East, whoso hosts lay along In to ™ Christ ; lo be found in tho first verses of the 
the valley like G^.l^.pcr, for multitude ; aod Tih chapter of his propbesyings. "And heboid 
their camels were without number, as thesand by tbD ^ ^^ Grar.hopper, m tbo beBlnning 
the seaside for multitude. "-Judges, ehap.7, v. 12. of tho shootin E "P « U» Wfer £rOV>th ; and 1, 
Bui Gideon, with three hundred warriors, by " ™ tho ,l11 " 8™««» *** tbo k,n e' B ^"inga. 
arlful Btratagem, at night, with trumpets, and And it came to pass, that when thoy bad made 
■' ---itog lights, put the Heathen » « nd of """ff "« &*•> °f "« '<»"*■ lhcn l 

d into the land lo destroy it."- palmer-worm, v. u ,«. l «» .—^ J— -™i serveu, m eu ..» , .. u 

T0IM 5 chapters 1 and 2. jumping. The seeon 

ael was greatly Imnovorlshed and A" d b y Amos, tho prophet which "bo saw gray color. These I 

dge, was raised up by God to flgbl ™WB ">e herdsmen of Uzsiah, king or Jndah, Buc h numbers as to 

idianiles, and Amalekitcs, and all '"o V""' brfore the earthquake, 787 years bo- anxiety as the Ihlr. 

.i.„r... „*,„_!.„_-. i i ,„ fore Christ: lobe found in tho first verses of the muses Iho most de 

laming lights, put the Heathen » n « na ■' """ff ,ne ff™« V ™ «"«.'»™* 
o flight. And then, after delivering the " lo . ° *«**> l ixiaxh "«•! by tvbom shall 

rse of eonouerors, the people forgot ^^ " lt0 7 f °r bo Is small" 

And tho fiery prophesylngs nf tho burden of 
Nineveh, hy Nahum.lhaElkoshito. "There shill 
the firodevour thee; the award shall ant thee off; 
it shall cut thee np like tho canker-worm : mnko 
thyself many as tho canker-worm, mnko thyself 
many as the Locuit*. Thy crowned aro as tbi 
LociuU, nnd thy captains aa tho great Gratihop 
peri which camp in the hedges in the cold day 

mo accouuL ui uuu ui uu. Missionaries, kept for 
thirty years, during his residence In tho Missions 
of Old California. The internal and external de- 
lineations are omitted by us, as tbey may be 
found in Iho account of that diligent and curious 
observer M. Boniare, in tbo Dictionary of Natural 
History of V. Sauteullo. 

"There are threo species of California Grass- 
hoppers, which aro similar In form, hut distinct 
in size, color nnd mode of living. Tho first 
species, which is well known and the best ob- 
served, is small ; it flics short, hut Is I 
jumping. Tho second species Is largei 

1 - Mv.j kinds are not found in 

... .. make them of such nolo or 

anxiety as tho third, which is the largest, nnd 
causes the most destruction in its flights over 
the lands of this peninsula, 

"Tho Grasshoppers or this third species, famous 
for their ravages among the lands of the Missions, 
Is of tho size of a little finger ; the wings double 
like tbo others, but larger and colored variably, 
according to their age and sex, which wo shall 

"■Tino ..ili i.f Jui 


land of this curse of conquerors, the people forgot 
all hia services, and would have a king Ahiml- 
lech ; for, aficr the death of Gideon, it is stated 
that "tbc children of Israel went a whoring after 

Aod at the dedication of Solomon's temple, tho 
wise king says in his invocation: "If there bo In 
the land famine; If there be pestilence, blasting, 
mildew, Loaut, or if there ho caterpillar ; then 

hereafter note. 
"These largest Grasshoppers a. 

those wo shall 
particularly account for in what we relate. Tbey 
assimilate In their habits and modes of genera- 
tion to those of tho silk-worm. The two sexes 
come together In tho hottest days of tho summer 
season ; Ihc female, at the latter part of July or 
early in August, lays a number of fine small eggs, 
of a yellowish color, in a string, united with a 
glutinous matter, which, on being perceived. 

sects died, infecting tho air dreadfully 
stench of their corruption and decay. 

'Tho Grasshoppers do not generally nttacksuch 
plants as watermelons and mclonn. for the reason 
that such plants havo leaves covered with fine 
pricking hairs. The pitahayoi are naturally di 
fended with their spires and prickles, nnd with 
tho other cactus family nre not disturbed, except 
in their flowers and ripo fruit. In tho mescal 
plant they only attack iho extremities of the 
pencils, without touching tho Bboot or sprout 
which Is a species ol aliment used by tho Indinns. 
"If Cnlifornia wasu thickly settled country, thu 
Inhahitnnls would havo lo exterminate these in- 
sects either by destroying thoir eggs, or kllling | 
them before their vrings permit them to fly ; for 
which purpose, ovory year, hundreds of men 
might bo employed io certain stations of iho 
southern mountains, which Is undoubtedly tho 
intry of these lorriblo insect enemies. 
,neter mind how terrible or loud, im- 
pedes tho march nf these pestilent plagues. In 
the winter the cold torpifles the Grasshoppers, nnd 
Ibey cannot fly in tbo morning until the sun is 
high ; which state tbo Indians lake advantage of, 
y sweeping them together in heaps on tho ground 
;ith brooms or wisps made of branches, and kill 
immense numbers of Ihom by trampling them 
down with Iheir feet, A Missionary having 
niH.milaproiniuEi forn quantity of the tangaatai, 
of bis neuphytes brought him, in a very 
short time, from seventy to eighty sacks of thu 
aturcs. But nothing servos to arrest tho ilevas- 
ionscauscd by their infinite multitudes. WLtli- 
. doubt many could ho destroyed by making 
trenches nnd sweeping tbom into them, but where 
tbcro aro such Immenso swarms, it would take 
an army of men to arroat or retold tho 
J[ thoir flights or numbers. 

"From tho year 1607, when Iho Jesuits com- 
menced tho labor of Christianizing tho heathens 
of California, tho Grasshoppers bad not made 

nnd <riU n 



,11 l-.ll 

re John nno., Now York Cllr 
kt C.roulan to bo bmi, no'l unlet riceLtod ni iho 

Offi t ooribaCAUi-"iiNiAr.\uMi.n. 

Uireuian mailed to any aitdroM, by jondin,: i..iln> 1. 1- 
tr,r, u f the Fauum- r7-S ly ear 

The Collegiate Institute at Benioia, CaL 

iBunry aed tbo nth ol" July ; olotlns 

'ibo InsUiiui wt would any, that 

I,' ,it. in. a f -I i'l'i..- liv.u 
Ihtij-oar. TbomncoifslndloaHlll 
Ibo Ancient and MoJoin Laneuagu, 
u in iDo 1'bjM^nl Sdonimi. Noiihor 

" til 11 -. 

V I'.f.u-I,. -. 
will bo a I 

-.. I,.ll..'.v.,r. 

Iho tilol 

Ity, or will bo 

iL[,."Y».,.i"[i vL,..7t..' !.]■■. -niiM-ii 'I "■'•■ . .li.,.. I. n 

thi' .-:li....l, „.■ .imv If ro|iii-.-.. I') Hi" I' ..tintj. Wbcio 
irric l 'iiililiiciii"ii'.'ti" ■■'"■". i'"' ="Hf-'-i il'f iT-fiim- 
in will rocir.1 ilio M" I'm I. 'ii.;u t.'-- '. Kn'iiml .-■ii^ii.-i.- 1 

I iTiL.-iii-il Av!.-:-itii..ii ..f |i|-,j, ,,_. [|n! r-i0liOQ« Hon Ot 

„ ,.-,- I , ,l,ii-iill<.n, ondllio Anelout Languai 

A ilnilv nstnunt of recltnllonj and doeo 

■h,„ Imatimiof HmScb.rjl I, C i,. t ot acears from a]' 
i; i ,,( [i,,i .-i ■.!.!■ ; ftiv l..ii|.|iiii'..ii[.,cxcollonti anrjllu 

„i„,,„... lltialttifillli. .iff til. .till , -....luini-ui-io- I. 

i any nlace en ibo Faoiria. 


nt will bo 



IU, 1. lie : -j 

'.'jl .K,-V.'l.i 

I ■ c) i"u, 

v":.':riz':'. ","r. "'■■",'■ .."'' "'■■" "I%°° 

ni'i'i-ii,',,*". ■■ ■ ■■ ■ " ,! ct ,'■- t'l ;,, : ii'»v't^ 



ReIccHoq of Brecdi. 
Tub two great pnrposes for which sheep itf 
roared, aro their wool and mutton. Consequent- 
ly, in tbo eolcolion of breeds, 

Warea". If tho locality °° far hom a mtukot ful 
rooltoo, tho produotioa of vory fine wool or s 
creat quaalilv ofloog coming wool may bo moat 
profitable, and mutton a secondary considera- 
tion. Under such ci rail instances tho breed, 
whether Gno or coarse woolcd, should bo par- 
ticularly adapted to tho soil and food. If tbo 
locality is oear a good mnrkot for mutton, that 
may be tho principal object, and wool iho leaser. 
In such cases, tbo deficioncy of tin? p r. .duel mu-- 
of the farm may ho in some meaauro supplied 
bypnrohnse, if necessary. 

When two breeds of abeop ore, equally well 
formed, tho expenditure of food will he nearly 
in eisot proportion to their relative sire. But 
as animals which are well formed, ooosumo leas 
fn proportion to thoirsiro than thoso which oru 
ill-U.tiiii-1, end ar.i ol*o the hardiest and hffallh- 
iest, every brooder should carefully select a 
well-formed breed, whether it ba coarse or line 

As a general rule, animals of moderate size, 
of any breed, with thriftiness of habit end hard- 

Itics have cnusod this breed to bn diffused 
great oitcnt within tho circuit of a hundred 
mil.'s ,..[ I,, union. Tbo qualities of this breed, 
In other reap eo Is, ore inferior to tho Down; the 
mutton is not quite so much esteemed, tbo 
sheep are not so hordy, and do not poascss 
equal fattening 

■The Southdowi 
proving tho mount! 

Woola. Animals of the largest s 

), but, 
illy apeaking, aro less hardy, and less Ca- 
pable of enduring a scarcity of food, from 
drought, or other causes, or hard usage of any 
iind; and consequently, to most persons, aro 
loss profitable thna those of medium size. 

For the production of mutton, or mutton and 
long wool, on very rich grass lands, tbo various 
improved breeds of English sheep and their 
crosses with the Merinos, aro best adopted; 
and with reference to these English breeds, tho 
remarks of Mr. Spoooer will fully illustrate the 
anbject, as follows : ' 

''The management and selection of any breed 
of sheep, mast, after all, become a matter of 
pounds, shillings and pence. Tho question tho 
farmer baa to consider is, what sheep will, in tho 
long run, return the ino- J t profit; and this ques- 
tion must be viewed in strict relation to the 
management be will be ahlo to adopt, on the 
Particular farm on which he may be located. It 
is not, therefore, a simple, bat a compound 
question. It is not, merely, which breed will 
make most flesh nnd fat, but wbioh will mote 
it in tho shortest lime, and on the least food; 
which can bear the weather, or hard beeping, or 
traveling, or n particular mode of management, 
with the greatest impunity. All these consid- 
erations, must enter into tho farmer's mind, be- 
fore he can come to a sound conclusion. From 
toe want of making thoso considerations, many 
fatal mistakes have been mode, and a flock has 
been selected, altogether unsuitable to the soil, 
and incapable of bearing tho severity of tho 

,l Tho two breeds which appear as rivals in 
their claims on publio attention, are the Now 
Lcicesters and tbo Southdown. It cannot be 
doubled, that as far as propensity to fatten and 
early maturity are considered, the Leicester 
will not only rival, but eclipse all others; foi 
these qualities tho form may bo justly consid- 
ered a model, and all other "breeds wil'l pofSi-ss 
these qualities iu a greater or less .L-u-r. .-. m 
proportion as tbey possess tho eimililudo of lbs 
form and points of tho Leicester sheep. Th( 
Snuthduwn ilself will not bo an eiccption to this 
rule. For if the improved and neglecte J spi.-, i- 
mens be compared together, it will bo found 
that Ik. eieohWies of the former, con=i=l ii 
those points which anproiimato most to tin 
Leicesters. Tbo woof, loo, is also a considera- 
tion ; for its Heocf . from its greater length anc 
weight, will bring in nearly double thut of ihi 
Southdown. When, therefore, tho pasture Ii 
very fertile, lb; Leicester may bo justly regard- 
ed the m-,st profitably of the nuro breeds. Iti 
drawbacks are, the incapability of tho animu 
for bearing eiposure, or traveling, or living 
bard; hi fact its weaker cooslituiion, and greatet 
liability to inilnmuiutDry disorders. 

"Then again, tho mutton is not so good a* 
the Southdown, which, however, is partlv. not 
wholly owing i tbo early period (twenty 
moolus) at which Ihoy are fit fur tho butchor, 
and to the large proportion of tallow in propor- 
tion to tha lean- Thus it is not n favorito iu 
tho London markets. Accordingly, of late 
years, the Erst cross belw, . r, the Liiic-.-i.-r u ».j 
the Down has been produced, iostend ..f the 
L.iet -|.,r. And it is contended that this first 
cross is tb,, ir,,„i profitable »l)Mp that can ho 
fatten,,,!. II1;i ki>,-. ,,r,ai,, and mora rapid pro. 
(.ti;m rli.m il,.- ii„ K[tp , 1MI ] t).,tt..T uji-.-ir H„ lu it,,. 
Leic, S i,r. But it is better to stop at tho first 
cross, devoline lU produce entirely to tho 
butcher, and preserve tbo stock sheep pure. 

"The Sonthdowa, or ralbor tbo improved 
Soutbdowu-for there is „ grell t ,li tl. ■ j-., r l<_ - I,. - 
twecntba liv-:,- p ,.„<(,,,, , s m„,t valuable quali- 
<■»:-■■, v.-ith „ |,.,, l ,. l ,-,l;-|, J r ll (t 1 ,riif,r,Ti..r„, l lvt„ 
'!;■ L,j. ,,,te r . Out will, later maturity (often 
.l" rlJ ':" vo monlll »' though c...ii ! .id l sln,rti.r 



..■,, , -i - ■ •■■:■"!!,:. I'aiur, compared 

with ,| 1( , Leicester, and capable of living on 
for7 1 f 1 r" r ' J '""" ''"'"'I'-- ""■ '""'"f »" °™«s 

The m u" ™* ° f " ,e Soutb ° r En el"nd. 
nth.r »5ik D .i. '" Dlore c ' ste *int'u than any 
aheo "Option o[ tho small mountain 

!r^ B L^"" de ^?°- ( ?t. C h improvement 
Tn ; and it affords the owners of 
proper ojomple, showing what 

, earn and attention, and the an- 

phcation of correct principles. V 

5 "The Cheviot sheep possess many valuable 
usbties ; dec dedly inferior b. the Southdown" 
i the r fattening powers and their early mata- 
otW y " r °- BU i H ' rior '" tlicsa points *» -" 
oiner uvjuiitan, slu.ep, ni: 3 *- *- '" ' 
(( ' lh " ^'"tbdown, and are 
native bills, and all other 

tlii! 1'imrinn r,n„ u__. . '. . . 

ta the Soathda* 
ether breeds a 
can bo done by 

a hardihood, evor 
is adopted to thoii 
turas of a aimllai 

irioty t 

■ ...,-, , i nnnf' *™ without them thia 

j~ j? x cess r,T 

m TtS°.T.' "" ": T?" 1 - '«!■««»» 

S"""'" >"■. ,1»„ •• t b„„j, ,SSa 

and tho Cheviot rams have 
ily for tho purpose of 

E roving tho mountain breed, both of Walos 
relnnd, and whon care is taken to retain a 
Eonderanco of tho indigenous breed, tho r 
us generally heou successful. 
"Tha Leicester havo been Ditentivoly 
ployed in improving the breed of other slu'i'p. 
and su successful has this pruotice been in many 
instances, that tho result of the cross has pro- 
duced a breed more profitable than (he Li'iee.-- 
ter itself— re tnitiiag the fattening qualities of 
tho sire, with the greater hardihood of tho soil 
possessed by the native breed. Tho Lincoln, 
tho ltomney Marsh, the Botnpton, nnd the 
C'il."w.dd slieop have been thus improved ; tho 
long framo and length of wool of the Cotswold 
have been rttoiiu-j, ti'gether with much of tho 
fattening qualities of tho Leicester sire." 

The above is the opinion of Mr. Spooner, as 
lo tlio cross of tho Leicester and the Cotswold 
breeds. But. "There are many of the Cms no I J 
breeders, who say they havo not a drop of tho 
Leicester blood, but have improved their sym- 
metry by a close attention to tho smaller male 
of the original, with a fat back and curly skin 
in view, still keeping their long faces aad ears, 
rumps, and legs of mutton ; thus producing 
earlier maturity, nnd a better mixture of tha 
fat and .lean, than the Leicester cross." — [Am. 

Instructions far Pre-omptlons. 
The following very important letter is issued 
from the General Land Office it Washington, D. 
C-, by Thos, A. Hendricks, Esq., Commissioner, 
to the Registry Olfico at Marysville; as every- 
thing relating to tbo so tiling of titles tends to the 
permanency of our Stale, no shall cheerfully give 
wings to all such matters readily : 

Gentlemen: It has been represented to ibis 
Office, thai a practice has obtained ol some of tho 
local land oflices of making out, or preparing, 
pre-emption papers, and charging money for the 
Trice, and sneh charges hare been made the 
ibject of complaint. 
It is therefore deemed proper to issue the fol- 

lst. Any such charges are without authority 
law, and against the orders of tbo department, 
is proper, howetcr, to add, that the duties of 
tho local land officers which are prescribed by 
aw and instructions do not enjoin upon the Beg- 
sler and Receiver tho mokiug out or preparation 
if papers for claimants, that being a matter to be 
.ttended to by tho pre- emptors themselves 
s the desire ot tbo Department thotall I 
ible facilities and information shall bo gi' 
he Register and Receiver to parties, to enable 
.hem properly to prepare and present theirclaimo 
or jour official action thereon. For such official 
jjtion, however, you have n legal right to a fee in 
■irtue of the 12:h section of tbe pre-emption act 
of 4th September, 1841, which declares tbat each 
officer is entitled to receive fifty cents for his ser- 
vices in acting opon each case ol pre-emption] 
but a?, in many instances, the parties do nothing 
more than file the '■notice" required by law. [bis 
Office has long since determined that (hero h no 
i Register receiving his fee (fifty 
me of filing >uch notice, making 
further chorge; but that, as tho 
labor in the case until tho proof 
is nica ond submitted for his action, the latter 
officer has no right (o tho fee until he shall bo 
called upon to perform the duty for which pay- 

2d. By the 2d section of the act of 22d March, 
I-'.i li.p 19, Registers and Receivers are "au- 
Ihorircd to charge and receive tbo saino compen- 
sation or per centago for their services in l^.iiii,;; 
all Military Bounty Land Warrants is.-iui.--J ■ n> L ,. 
ili._-lhl, I'ebruary, 1847, anthcy are entitled to 
by law, for the salts o( the public lands for cash] 
at the rato of one dollar and twenty-five cents 
per acre." 

Generol Land Office Bounty Land circular of 
■i.l llii 1*55, contains the tariff in each ca^e al- 
lowed Tor locations of such tvarrants; which, I 
course, embraces the locations of pre-emptors. 

The following fets are chargeable by the Ian 
officers, and tbe screral amounts must'U- pud i 




it* pa couhtv. 
JB§!§!» THE undersigned wishes to calla« 

in I rotrons^e 


AI-mi a rhoico lot of GAUDEN and GREEN- 

Ciiii.rl-u. .- :.ll of the Very ]](il Variolic Dt Cultlvnlod 

.„■.!, :l .. 

, Enelbh Wall 

Urn, ">,-[, ii; 


Willow, Loci 
Grape-vines of all the Best Foreign and Native 

Tbo Fruit Trees olToretl for sain aro ill buildod np 
;: r'lf: ■■ .; fmm tb« ' " 

in tho i 

Itiirej*! a\\ 
i't ■■■ .-';:;■, 
jnrds, UBder 

cents) at tho 1 
Subsequently ni 
Receiver has ne 

'■..I. ■',.- anofenaaod It.o jenr's «rtT.ih from Bui 
induran tbriflj »ad oflarco >iis; all or which hato 

111 i'i^i.'nltcnUonlo oar largo stock of 
Apiilo Tron, t whicb f^t\got rfgremh and beauty of 

S Brut j, io 
ilrabla for I 
CATALOGUES H>olatBlDE»fallll'loroll tho v 

.ill. . L.ricf d^-.-Hfiliiii uf .■.i-li,i,!_.-l„f miiJi i!,-i 

Onlcr™ rroma dutnuro will ho pruinptlj nlICDdci 
hicj-uIIv eockr^t far ^IpmooL 
Our price" "-111 be o. Tuif u r tlloM' Ttfti, Tj-ir*, .1- 

slrlair lo pureaau chq npi)ly tLtl.-. t In |-ii-,.in i,r t,j 
J Wclu, FmgiJ i Co'< Eipmu, 10 

S. THOMPHOH. .llhoHm 
>r 10 B. r*»nsi i Co, lorocr .•! =-. , ,„( mj H Mr. 

: ::■;■;. f , '''4'™ , :: i ^ i '^ 


B Propriob 


Largeit and Moil Select Collection of 

twtr offered in thii State, 

Tho FttUIT TIIBES olTorod by as 
worked la tha Nursery by as, tram 
from tbo celebrated UOUKT HOP 

.:„!,. L„. 

APRICOT.'. •UiBriellH. 
GRAPE VINES, Loo Aogcla, 1, 2 I 
Cuawba, lutein, H»Mi«>tor, tad Ii 

QOOSBBBurtir, sTnAwnEany, 

ItANTS, Iu., iu. 
Cataloituescan be obtaiood on applloath 

j, by mall 

All e 


i dlitane- 

iiotully ol 

o-IbJ If 


5 O , 000 



i.ori;.\7o \rnscniES, 

1 MILES raOM 3,\H LEAKL1H0. 

, TJLTE sabicriber mnld roinoelfullT Invite 

t? the I.11,.i,iir,n -I .ill -iibior lo pl.ol 
VS ' ■HI.-HAI'.I ,f:, Ibncoiom^U'lulornadSprioir 
--'- of FRUIT TREES, 


Imolo : coraprising 

Ss .troop plouls of one year's growth. 3B* 
looHeetloDoinbraoiiuvor Tno Houdred dDTere 


t, SI 50 

3d. By the 

,( MM 

t of 12th Jnne,1840, chop. 35 
......... .ind ofikrs arc required lo administer 

y oath, requisite under law, in connection with 
e etilry or purchase of any tract of land : but 
n thereby declared that tbey "shall not, dircct- 
: -ectlv, charge or receive any coropensa- 

You are 
To IlotL-tei 
The follne 

■.■liiii.' such oaths, 
requested to acknowledge the recei 
imunication, and enjoined strictly 

Duty of a Post MnHtor. 

to o h, vi-- m thia city 
thowK tho opinion of tho Post Muter General in 
regard lo an officer's refusing to deliver lettora to 
ley aro addressed — a prac- 
tice- that has obtained (o some extent in this city : 
Post Office > 
Appointment Office, Sept. 30, 1857. j 
lkmen : In unHwcr to yonr letter of (ho 
., I havo to inform you (hat tho general 
RRaUbon. of Iho Department proeldos for the 
utiirery of lettera to persons "whoso names ore 

",^^. T V '" wh0M caru lh V ""J »n 
w^ ^ A dc P«""-° from this regnlalion 
wouio not bo sanctioned, oiccpt under cilraordl- 

citS'wni^'^r^ lho , p0!t MB8,erBl Ba " F"" 1 - 

cisco will be called lo the case referred lo in your 
iter, otiil on uxpUnation loquesled. 
I Bin, ropectf,,!]^ yDur b„i icn( ramB(( 


onroo_ county, had twonly-ni 

if which ten w 

ovea, of Milan, 
head of sheap 

sheared two hnndVe/aM fiftypounds 

i wodi, wbioh ho sold ut Gfty-lw,, , „ , 

"«'»5 "1 T,.|edo. These aheep or o tt Cut- of 
reneh nnd Spanish Merino,, hia bnak b.ine 

or. _ These sheep have run on tbo road ninoo 
very fat. Can any 

0' packed la good order 

ipooslblo tor the 
My Trooi aro 

Pricea of Tragi. 
-E TftEEa, two yean' 

mpinied fflth tho 
i, 15J Clay ilroet, 

as Iwillao 


at IrrleHlon 
t, on apprevodao 
and ehlpplo e sh( 

: .HILT.' 

y rely upon 
proper pro- 

io leadlof 




18,000 3KS. «E» SB 3E2 N . 



rou. Shrubs, Besas, 
i'unery la Cillforali 
II ■!!.„ dctarmioed > 

be proniiitly attondod to, and tl 
a handles or boies — accordhig 
they bnvoto go- and doliverod 


EfbtolEf&atlBSS-.. Jlibuitt wd Kntargtd 1&A 




na b ALWAYS od bond. In kudo, a li 
3SrK ch ° l " Ml,lU " n "' field. HKItn, 




«, and folly loilal 

Uriniltlc'o Oaiuco Iljijplicr 
I JO* 
Col. tVUUtr Rnsplicrrj-, 

LinniBUi ohnborb, ?■'" V it" 

HlacltLnrrici: «'" nvcMte 'ot 

Etrawborrirs: U..i,v':. r.-'liir..-. 
»o..i«,|SPH:. J .,i.i.oi j- J, 

tbey oio recetrcd, aad i 

Boiton Floe, l.ii-,-,- itorly 
T, llOind til f hundred. 

1 :•■; for maklDsJoras, 

■ -i.rl: ry . .-1 j,i: e i- ,1 l,y 

ago Itupberiy Bud LIuueus ILhubarb 
:ly oinendrd !□ In top order la which 

(April. Circulars will, lull doKrtp- 
,i- Itl-.M) \ 1,1.. 


l„-i,i. i ■■ ■;. FooJuUU and Now 
car Krtglttm 

!■■■ I ■>',', I-',', I . 

Wm. Helton Ic. Sob, 61 


ilvod tho Foot Ppemiuu ol tho Slate Fair hold t 

ij Cotalojruo, eivlae a desirlptlaii of each variety 
prlees, o'to., can hi Vo"d ™ KqmrV.-^DTmt'l)' 

Eon Jm*. Cat 
'Icr uoei Iho price will bo j;millj roluccd, a'ltt 

I. VIENRICn, Ororille. 

I^^T™. °o P«r .tocoMwo year. 

from B ral 

Ptar grtficd on loo Anglers Quloco stock - 

PLUM TltEiLd: 


o. K ,.„„»,™rj""' . . 



rill bo uindo. A modern!' 
Ia r tree,. 

3 0,000 



hope ;\ tut ,s i! it y . 

THE Hursery Is to»tod seeood hl M k northeast ol 
atoowatoam Floor Mill, on Seventh tirsel. Ban 

d. KopalaaoroiiiMasohubeeasparodtooblalu 
it sorts, aod to rondor those- Troeswbat they are, 

3» «J" mm. SB SE3 JMt "iff , 

a Tho Proprietor of this oiloas 
Nursery, informs Iho public th 


rLDSHItia, nsir NEW YOR 

Plants which tho ' 

:\ ■;, >■■: ■ ! r..,juoat 1 I nj nod 
il form, aad atnona; 

cholca ttoolc of ihi 

Bos Idol a largo Hook of 
Also n lot of 

Pig Trees, Roipberriu, 
Currants, Gooseberries, 

and about 20,000 ffraiie Pints, 
fiOO lbs. China Sugar-Cane Heod, 
At 41 aa j« r pound; 

l.t bis Trooi, Bashes anil Vinos u 

io I'Ttunplly iiH-jiil-l i„ T 
rofehl will ho chargod to Ih 

L. A, QODLD, Pronrloli 

Thij !'rr-|TitL.,r t.lll : 


Oriiaiutntnl Shrubbery. 

S.000 HonUily 116,,-j, f ISOrarloU™. 

™'.Art«.r\llO),_I.| rr iI l: ,, Ku „„„,, -,,,.,,. 
,., CkraML, CyU.u,, Eo.-,:,-,,,,;,. ,j| t V., j„ 
'""""" AUil.nn,, h,.,,, ,.,_ U',:lri-liii, Urui 

The Ornamental Department 

U trees of all slios for lawos and streets, lncludlns 

:, Scotch Fib, nod olhi^r vnr'ollcs. 

■ [• . i n i. ■ „!:■.. l r fecororacr.ilcd'for Its Eno 
llago, ihoirr bloom, and perfect hardtnnu. 

The Exotic Department 

■t Ci.lfXI.LIAS, ,.f.i 

inibj. rnlhor thm tall.slen, 
»;,:.| Irm 1-. 

■Ii, il.;. ,-,.„,„; llj.,:, 

CATALOGUES of all tho d 

ii <i|,|llr.,'l„n. Oteatcorei 

rill bo farolrbod 
thonco shlppod 


_ 3ST ChBitaut street, 9 


LTited on application. 

it florists' 


aEMJIBB LAtVTON (or KulT-ItoohlUr} 


rbr-r B „- rii,-,. I„ f ,- pn-p.nd lo All lorso oidtr. lue comloa 
LLr-ndl .-,, =pHl>in. .lla»(,l.. -|,j ,„- ,. I p „ <r ,. 

m „. The loonardi CaaMower. 

"oound pidugo la |i 

ra- .1«>1 


lEnLjb.laudknjr'lhti [lir-r 
W B ?3»oton£«a 



California JWW. 


vum curcv-- r JU ■..-....■ ■■■ - --- - j Francisco 
l.tlen to a. « our Kindf 'Si ;sh rt™ woweaaucu 

Btnto Aplcultutal Society. 

A meetino iris held by the now Board, it 
Sacramenlo, the present week, and measures 
adopted to ask of the Legislature the usual aid of 
85000 per annum, to enable tho Society to carry 
forward tho peat and good vrork. 

The gentleman who stand at tho bead of lhe 
Society tho present year are a guarantee that its 
welfare will bo well guarded, and we hops tho 
Legislature will promptly grant their request ac- 
cording to the recommendation ofbolh Governors, 
as recorded below. 

Got. Johnson says: 


Legislature the duty ol enc >^>f »> '» «»£ 
2 „" and will "be object of carrying into effect 
thi :;■,!]-. ,-l l.TriLli.-ial pr-vi^Kjn, on act was 
passed in JS54, incorporating a Stale Agricultural 

TUB ABrioulturo of Kentucky Encouraged 
by tho Stato. 
fe havo received from tho Secretory of ihe 
...jtucky State Agricultural Society, a very neat 
pamphlet containing tho awards of the lala Stale 
•" iir, hold mar Henderson, Ky. 

In the same- pamphlet we find tho very able 

SreL of e,-Go P vernor Powell, delirered be ore 

Society. We make some extracts from Ihi. 

dress as "it relates to the .results of 

a aid which the Society has received from the 

Slate. It should be remembered that Governor 

Powell, while acting Governor, recommended the 

the Legislature to grant aid to tho Stato Soc.ety 

That measure was carried tho following year, and 

at this Fair, tho good results are manifest. 

The Governor, after the usuil introduction, thus 

^Etcry citizen of the Cnuitiionwealih. with 
.vhoml have conversed, seemed flcllgh led .tint 

ihe Slate Imil |-,l;eii,liiL.:tiiiLr..,i j„ tliui snl.|i-e( : 
alleges of our Jieoplt bale united '■) It-, ir ap- 
proval of the eiic,...r..e;e,iieni e,iven by the btalc 

S-, :■:..:■:.■: Hi' ■ "■"'■ ' ."-.-« each 

S u.- L -.:.:.ii-^ Vejrhi-heen l ip| ! rc. r .ml...l n-io m- 
— "■-■ -— -', oc -c r en.l,i m tin- 'H-tnl-o- 
tho annual Fairs held by the 
;e thus far beet 

lion of pramii 

Society. These appropriati 

ji].!i.-:. : .i]"ly i ■ = - -1 . in Bccordnnce with the ohjeet:, 
of the law. and have contributed much to tie-' m- 
l-;re=t .riven to this laudable pur post, hy inn-J-r-ir^ 
competition for the honors awarded nl these e\- 
hibilioni for the productions and skill of our 
people. 1 deem the designs of the Association as 
eminently worthy or the fostering aid of Govern- 
ment, and request that the usual sum be appro- 
priated at Iho present session, to no expended 
under the auspices of the Agricultural Society, 
for similar purposes." 

Gov. Welter quotes tho 9lh artialo of tho 2d 
section of Iho eonstitntion, which rays : 

"The Legislature shall encourage by all suit 
means the promotien of intellectual, scien' 
moral and aokicoltmul improvements." 

Wo believe there has never been a greatei 
torn for means bestowed by tho Stato I 
that made by tho Stato Agricultural Society. 

Gov. Weller urges this 

< this 

... ... ._ tho enlightened p.'iill 

of the Slate, who have, withe 
n us their potent aid am 
iers arn by far tho most : i 
people; they pay into th. 
■thirds of tho Stole revenut 
amazed that something bod no* 

agricultural lah 
Union has, by d 
fnstered agrit 

Hrluoun laborers, tho Union is in no danger. I 
verily believe the Jav never has been v. hen th 
i„ v( .'th,.. BClllll- l-ir-ili:, ll.Ji.HILl eoinhlulionaiiu. 
,i , c |„r„ms ii.non was not strong enough to 
, M ,sh in „„ ,„-..,„,.. .11 the fictions were they 
combined, that h.rlio.e.l a filing of bate, ro- 
-mane*, origin I" our ,;i,..ioos guvcrnmen . 

Our posilion miioii-l; it"' mi""" "I "! p eario is 
one truly gratifying to every American. An 
hundred bottle-Holds ntlest tho hm.-iy nn-i 
oatriolism of our sons; our admirable .:on<iilu- 
lions law and government, establish tho fact 
tbatwoaromnred.e|.l> I.-.l.m.-.I in ■- U ..• cr. .t [■' .-. ■ 
ticul principles of .ivil religious liberty than 
any nation or peopte that lias ousted on earth. 
The , ; ,1.|. - .-,( our industrial pursuits exhibit Iho 
most gralifving resulls-resnlis becoming the 
diguilv of a brave, enlightened, and free people. 

The orator closes with a happy allusion to tho 
farmers' banks, and to tho glorious prospect be- 
fore the farmer and mechanic, and ail tho indus- 
trial classes : 

"In these times of commercial revulsions and 
haul; suspension; you have nothing senous b 
opprcbem]. Tho commercial world i- Mine to the productions of your Delds To 

II,, only" means th" : ■■> ■ ■■-<■->■ <■>* 

conlldence, and gii 


I thu'ti 

appointed, for o 

d they w 

d by thi 


zeal with whicli they buve 

encouraged and cheered by 
idies; who have witnessed, 
re, tho beautiful creations of 

1 their skill in tho dairy and 

it will be carried oi 

. itti ■: 

Tbe Rise In BreadatuHiL 
Wk havo refrained from speaking upon the 
speanlalii o feeliDg in our market for two weeks, 
from the fact that we felt confident that tho 
control of tho great hulk of wheat yet on bond 
was in tho hands of producers, and that all tho 
Oicilemcnt had by newspaper war and ail tho 
management of committees, combinations, Cum 
Exchanges, or any other oirou instance, only 
tended to tho benefit of the producers generally, 
although it might bear with soma degree of 
hardship in some cases among the poorer 
classes. Yet hero was a fact that wo knew 
would offset this difficulty. If there 
scarcity, which we do not believe, 
Create a demand for or cause a greater number 
of oarea to bo planted tho present year, t 
thus give to tho laborer mora employment, ( 
thus offset the extra trifle in tbo rise to him 
bis breads! uffs. 

And again, the poor are not dependent, at 
former years, upon this one stuplo. Wo hi 
sow Commeul, Buckwheat, Rice, Potatoes, and 
on abundance of vegetables and fruits, and 
con defy famine, though Flour should be §25 per 
barrel. If the poor are wise, thby hold a power 
too over any speculation on the prices of Bread- 
stuffs; they can cease buying Flour, and this 
will soon test the tim-liou whether it is really 
scarce. Wo havo not lost sight of this question, 
though wo have been silent. We can see tho 
ware among th$ "bulla and bears," end can look 
en and see the farmers growing prosperona by 
good prices, and rejoice at thoir saocesa. Wo 
can also see that thoy me able to employ tho 
mechanic, build goyd housts and improve their 
"homesteads," and thus keep tho mechanic at 
work, benefiting him as well as themselves. 
This is the result of good prices. 

Does any one desire to know who receives 
the benefit! Let him go, as we do, down to tho 
wbarvia and sen tbo wheat oomo in in small I , iLord B^MpA 
parcels from tbo different farmers. ' 'Th at tells | he said, 'Yon mightai; 

; aud I havobi 

been before di 

nd elevate mechanical c 

Almost every Stale in 

Legislation, stimulated r 

1 and mechanical indusl 

eased tho mechanical and agrit 

tural wealth of the country, and added to 
general prosperity. The labors of Ibis .S-ci-iy. 
so far, havo been crowned with eminent success. 
Tli"ii.'i--ll>iaclk.i!.cmii>eiil,;*ij'l scienlitic [jrintr- 
of Kentucky are engaged in its management 
and our citizens, of every class and vocation, bay. 
exhibited their dee 
by the liberality an 
sustained it. We a 
tho presence of the 
with onmixed pleas 
their handiwork, an 

household arts; we cannot buccccu vuuum iui 
; -Guencc of woman. The wise man says : "Lord 
Ip, for the godly man ccasclh ;" buL there is 
i a lavage in the Bible which says tho godly 
jinan ever ccasclh or failelh 1 
The ol jci.-t iif this society is to "promote, co- 
urage, and stimulate the Agricultural and Mc- 
lanical interests of Iho Com m ooiv call h." The 

"entific application of labor to tho many and 
■icd Agricultural and Mechanical pursuits. 
Tho nbjeciof eiery well regulated gosernnjenl 
should be, to hhaf.u ils policj so as to ciucitcmid 
encourage the people in Ihe application of their 
labor, in such manner as to produce the greatest 
mount of products necessary for the sul'si-teiic.- 
id cmiton of man. with the smallest amount of 
.bor, and tho least dcteriorolion of the soil. 
The agriculture of Ihfl world is by far its 
greatest and most important interest ; all are de- 
pendent upon it for food and clothing— the ne- 
■ ef -arits, comforts, and lo.vurie- of life. If the 
Dvlds, for a single season, were to fail to give 
Ihcir fruits to t ] i ■_■ l."- 1 'Viiim i... ill the Indus' ' ' 
pursuits would languish and perish. The si 
arm of tho mechanic would be powerless 
soldier would bo unablo to wield his sword ; i 
would lie idleatlheir moorings; would 
cease; tho looms of the. factories would bo idle 
Tor want of niatci . „ 

tion would rest upon the earth. Let there be hut 
a partial failure <i\ ihe prominent cnri for but n 
single EMIon, on buiasomll portion of the earth's 
surface, and want, suffering and starvation, lo a 
greater or less exlcnl ensues, as was strikingly 
witnessed upon the fnilure of the potato crop in 

. r..lriiir:iLly 

.: -1 7UI.I ni 


,,.,... , ,„,j. Your drafts are dra« 

upon tho earth— a bank that never|..>nds- 
n„d ihe deeper you draw the more richly ui 
abundantly will your drafts be honorcrJ. 

We havo a country and govcrni 
adapted to tho rapid developmci 
interests of labor. Our country 
in fertility and vast in cxlent— c 
of 2,400,000 square miles, cilood 
from ocean lo orcin. and near 2,h uu u..r. _ 
north tosoulh-inb;;..iiv aluml every variet; 
,jf sod rlinmto ood pursuit. Wo hnvnapeopli 
r..v:ses^d of boiiiid't s i-ccrt;' iii-liislry, and Hi 
vcnlivo genius. Rle^scd wilh a free and en 
lightened government, that extends its prnlccting 
influence in all classes, and wiiich proelnims the 

,■ Iilv ol Iho eit-iens, and EUnrantees polilieal. 

civil, and religious liberty, and protects every clasr 
intho enjoyment of Iho fruits of thoir labor 
with a system of universal education that Opens 
iho avenues of knowledge and industry to all- 
wc are in a belter conditinn than any people i 
earth to make rapid advancement in all the at 
of peace. Tho God of tho Universo has given i 
this great heritage, and we owe it to ourselves, 
and to the ago in which wo live, to improve " 
Our fathers have nobly performed their share in 
the glorious work ; they have conquered the toil 
from a savage foe, felled the forest, cleared the 
hud, and laid tl< .■;■ l.road and strong, lh« founda- 
tion of civil and religious Utterly, and introduced 
all tho arts of peace." 

This most admirable address ban been called 
forth by means of a State Agricultural Institu- 
tion, risen into strength acd beauty by the in- 
fluence of a wise act of [ho Legislature of Ken- 
tucky. May wchavohcr Man pic nobly imitated 
in California tbo coming winter, by a like aid lo 
ihe State Society. Such facts as no have recorded 
should have their influence. 

limited c 

Need I s. 

the atory." True, there may bo speouk 

and apcoalalore, but we do not boliovo tbo gen- tllt h *" 1 ' °>_ 
tlomon of the '■Com Exclmogo" can or wieh to ™? - 
control, tho market, for ibis cannot bo dono. 
Tbo farmers havo a word to flay, and wo uro 
among lhaso who boliovo a well organized Corn 
Exchange, composed of business men like those 
in Europe, would bo beneficial, and wo would not 
bo so unjust as to !oy at their doom tho blame 
of a rise in Flour and Wheat juat now. There 
are other caoscs for this. Oregon bos a atook 
to old ue. if wo are loo short ; tho farmora havo 
a "few bags loft," and there, is no fenr of a 
famino. Tho arrival of thn 250TJ barrels of flour 
from Oregon gave those purchasers a handsome 
profit. Tho wheat that came in. over 2000 bags 
this week, brought 5J to 5Ja, paying tho farmer 
nSbly ; and tho seed wheat brought anil 61o. 
This ehowa tho demand for planting, ovon Into. 
Wo havo always objected to tho course pur- 
sued by some farmers, of becoming •peculator., 
or their holding on to their wheat Tor loo high 
priea : this will operate against them at tho 
noit bnrveat, as thoy .ill B urely see. Their 
gain now, may bo n heavier [oil thee, for from nil 
wo can gather by our advices nhroud and here, 

some MOO ioen.llH.arr..,,. L, f hi 1T ..J from 

tho other tide ; oi.d h;..l it i 1!1T „ \„'.', n t,„ ,|„. 

illtli unity i.f ii, l-> ■..■!] ..I lb,- ill I [I,,, crih : 

25.000 barrels would luwo been (hipped hem! 

The value of scientific knowledge to the culti 
.tor is thus introduced : 

"In order for tha agriculturist to apply bis 
bor wilh iJ.ientibc sWill be must uhiIlt-.i^imI ilm 
ilure and fertiluin^ .puhli^s of tho soil- 
;ricultural chemistry teaches. In brnueb 
f science, I regret to say, our agiiculturists a 
cry di-ftclive. The sjslem of education, in 0' 
schools anil college;, in (;rejlly .k-fe^livo in n 

teaching a utoru prai:ii<:.,l u[.[.ln.-.ii of science 

libor. In order to attain iho greatest degree 
prosperity, science must be united wilh muicul 
labor. Tho man of science understand.., by tin- 
analysis oi his lalior.ilory, tin; mlureof the " 

economy of pliut-, him 1 ^ il lift.- ; yet hi 

prove a very poor farmer; whilst tlie |irm:ti<;.il 
firmer, who nji-.:la sei-iu--. svill Till far licliind 
tii., iii'i-libor, iv lm blends [iruclii'iil i-kill iviil, iii L - 

:ultuio, as compared « iili 
■i'.i'lly ininidueod : 
: _- -^ i ■ i J. i f ■ j I F ■-■ aud truly when 
veil hopaiu=eeiheliiiinan 

when pal-v bad renehi'i 
ri-b after il., runts ba.i.le, 

The influence ol 

idustry, of any description, progressi 1 
agriculture has declined. Faralyna it : 
weaken the puis.; ol enter |>ri--i-, -nlhn ihe lln-er.- 
of iii.iehiuery, and clip the wings or commei 
destroy it and you bury in one common eji 

ures, o. 

Wo t 


national power and individual prosperity 

'lg to set before yon tho importa: 

iltural and Mechanical interests I by 
intend to depreciate other pursuits. I 
hove told you that every interest was dependent 
upon Agriculture; other interests are intimi" " 
connected and interwoven with it. Without i 
merce and the mechanic arts, agriculture vt 
languish ; agricultore, the mechanic arts, 
sciences, and commerce, are so intimately 
ncctcd and dependent, the ona upon the o 
that you cannot injure the one without inji 
the others; each and all are nccessory lor tbo 
full development of Lhe others." 
The following noble and patriotic sentiments 
o worthy being heralded world widu : 
"In lime of'war the former and the mechanic 
■bitly nil Ihe r„hL, .,( our a „i,ic; with a brave 
mid hardy soldiery, thai hu\, ; orricd our Hag 
victoriously in every oiiu-st in which «« have 
bo;n e-np-ed. The virtue ond Invc of country 
llm clusliTs about Hi,-,.i.,;,.,t il, ,.. ,.|,.,i- 
'.■iscounlry, in the slr.,n|;e-,t ;,bi..l.] tint can !■'■ 
ibi,.-.n, i,r.,und the c..„.,iiiiiHuii ai,.| _.„v..rniiie,,i 
of Ibis free people. Whilst wc hue Ihe mr; ' 

dislricta filled uilh an educated, rlrluous popul: 
lion, who lovo lhe homes made banpy by the 
labor, the Union is In no danger. Demagogue 
iilnrmists, and traitors, tall: ol' ih.' ..neithro'.v ■ 
Ibis glorious Union. Whilst your i',u„ .. a,,, nil,,] 
by, and your workshops illkd wiili.e'lucnii-.J and 

has been no easo more iiielaiieb,>h 
in the recent suicide-, the unfnrtun; 
When we recall the position he Oct 
of honor and trust, possessing tho c 
nQdence of his employers, and enjoy i 
;m of a largo circle of friends, and having 
ard of bis position and ability an ampli 
call theso to mind, and then 
sec Lhe hight from whence he has fallen, the 
heart weeps for tha wreck of all that was ■ 
noble, honorable and hopeful. Aud n ben w 
call lo mind where tho blow will eooo strike with 
tho most Tearful power, wo tremble ; for wo can 
almost hear the despairing shriek of that heart- 
broken mother, as iho news shall reach hoc. and 
Hho reads lhe last agonized words of her wretched, 
tortured son. 

Oh, if children could but reflect where the 
severest pangs are felt when thoy go astray, Ihey 
could not err ; fur every erring step of a child 
stabs the heart of tbo true parent; and Branda 
knew, aye felt this, as be uttered tho words thai 
will prove prophelic r "I havo killed my poor 

But tho crime has been committed ; Branda is 
no more; tho earth has dated over him; the 
heavens wero hung wilh clouds as bo was borne 
■; be has gone to llim ivho judguth 
nil ibiu-s rierhlly, and tbo intluence of his fall is 
yot lo be known. God grant that this sad lessor 
may coma up as a dreadful warning to the youni 
men of our city and Stato. and stand as a "pillat 
of fire by night," and a ''pillar of cloud by diy,' 
to warn them from so dreadful an end; force 
certain os guilt bring* a sure reward, so ccrtaii 
will thoso who walk in his footsteps perish lik. 
him. Wo would fain be silent upon bo sad i 
theme, hut as public journalist!; we would raise : 
warning voice, and then join his last prayer 
God have mercy on his soul. 

Upon Out Table 

Wk Hud Iho "Giant Judge, or tho Story of 
.mson tbo Hebrew Hcrculw," hy Bor. W. A. 
Seoll, D. D, We have not yet hud time to exam- 
poriicularly this beautiful bonk, but any work 
from the pen of Dr. Scott comes with ft recom- 
mendation strong enough to insore a largo sale. 

A Glo of "Tho Little Pilgrim," that most ac- 
ccptnulo gem of o newspaper for children, enmo to 
us by the last steamer, with the now Prospectus ff 
tho noble Edilross. In our noit number we shall 
publish lhe Prospeetus in full, with the Appeal to 
Mothers, from this girted nulbor. For this new 
volunteer to rccciVo and forward sub- 
scriptions to aid so good a work. 

Prom T. 0. Thompkins, Esq., of New York, an 
rot the famous Wyandot Proline Corn, said to 
prodnco 125 to 150 bushels to thencre. The speci- 
' remarkably beautiful. Also, nn car of 
the Excelsior Sweet Corn.Eaid lo be of rare excel 
lence. Also, a few seed of the new PampkrO' 
bieb is said to make us good pics without eggs, 
j any other kind with- eggs. We have a few 
itlors relating to this corn, which is said to be the 
w.iinlrr of the nge. 

We have the able Report on Asiatic Goats, pro- 
pared and publWied by Iho celebrated Naturalist, 
Key. John Bncheman, for the Sootbern Agricul- 
tural Association. This report la one of great 
importance, as relating to a class or animals of tho 
highest value, and aueh as tan be Introduced in 
California with great snecess. The wool of tin 
animals is or a silken glass, long, and very beau 
nil. Sometime since wo published a cnt of a 
group of tho Cosbmcre Goals, from which such 
wool was taken. Tho wool can bo seen at our 

Wo havo valuable letters from several Stock 
Breeders, giving ns interesting; facts relative to the 
important matter of bringing Stock here, and 
authorizing us lo arrange for lhe importation, with 
all who desire lo purchase stock. 

We have the Prospectus of iho "Vermont Stock 
Journal," a paper devoted to Stock articles. Itia 
very handsomely got np. We wish it complete 
success, as it is worthy or it— price, only 50 cents 

Samples of splendid Wool taken from tho full- 
blooded Merino Sheep of Messrs. Senrle and Wynn 
have been received by ns. 

Wo have received tho able and very inleresling 
address of J. F. B. Marshall, Esq., before the Royal 
Hawaiian Agricultural Society, ut Honolulu, from 
whicb we shall present extracts hereafter. 

Mr. Mulford of San Leandro, presented u 
a glasajar, containing a very curion3 animal or tbo 
polypus species, which was taken near the shore 
that place. The creature eame up through the 
uperturu near tho centre-board of a boat, and wi 
taken alive. Wo havoit now spiritualized; it 
about the size of a mooslcr frog, and with its many 
strange feelers IuoIm like those ;ev en -headed 
slera wo read about. It can bo seen at our 
Mr. Mulford has kindly presented us w 
parcel of superior Tobacco Seed which be brought 
from Cobo. Wo have parcels for distribution tc 
Societies, for experiment. 

We havo received from E. Hughes, Esn., Agent 
of tho celebrated Phelan's Cushions, a woil 
on "Tbo Game of Billiards," by M. Phclan, Esq. 
This is a work of much interest, the game being 
one of great science, when properly understood. 
The work is a key lo a correct iinderslnnding of 
lhe gamo. Wo havo a chapter on the subject for 

Directory af AdverriMmenb. 





1. II. 

":)::::::::;'?. f^sZSimZ 

Toe'., ...... 

... W„.c 

c, OlmoaAsniB 

',' "';■;.■'■ ' 



:."t j . , : . u : 

■■<° OdrlMHlMd to 

1.-.<llnq imJFurnl 

.nod Fruit Trea... 

lhe II 

Ihe Pacific Oil and Camphenc Workt 
Tub citensivo works" nf Stanford Brothers, 
known as tho Pacific Oil Works, are now tho 
h.rgest, comploto and oxtonsiro works of 
the kind on tho Puoifie coast. In all tho depart- 
ments of purifying and olurifying oils, and in 
tho manufacture of enrnphono, eu ns (o be able 
to offer oil of every kind nt wholesale and retail, 
to tho trade, to hotels and to families, as woll 
as tho campheno, and to tjo nolo to givo satis- 
fuelum, wo helitvo tbo M.-ssr^, Slenlurd ll r .,|h- 

ers havo attained that cud. 

The Meiers. Stanford aro known as old Cali- 
forninns; they are amnng tho long e =,.,l 

ember them back to '-19, and thoir hi 
rauionto nnd in this uity can number m 

W,. c 

andthooampl^,^,,..,, , 

works havo a high reputation, nnd all tho 
.uniiu-.h.ii,.iis mid .;m.r,u,toi» ol Luis bousolmvn 
and will ho duly uppr.-cbih .1, uml WB fool t bi " 
is a duly wo owo tho public to cell atlcnlio 
this manufactory as worthy of special nol 
Messrs. S. are doing muoh in tlu n o„torpri n _ ... 
promote ho urn in.hi.-.i.y .„,.] il,.. h.-st interest of 
our Slalo, nnd aro expending thoi 
rally far this objuut. 

A New Product for Starch 
vx by the French jouriuli. lluil lhe Morse 
Chestnut (yEicuiiis), is used for the manufacture 
Starch, and tho nula command a price eqnal to 
potatoes. Wo would call the attention of our 
tarch makers lo the f.ict. iliu) ifit sh.iuld prove of 
alne, lhe "buckeye" of C.ilifi.nii i is ■■• abundant, 
vc have another product now wasted that can be 
turned ta good acconnt. The Indians use these 
food, and we hope the trial will be made 
..I' their c.i|i;ibilily for Blurch. 

Tub Late Cold Wkatheb. — Although 
many complain of tho euld. nnd wo notice that 
severe weather nnd chl nierbla have boon expe- 
rienced over our wholu State, nnd in those oilies 
and places not usual, wo .must look upon it ns 
favorable to vegetation nnd especially to our 
fruit trees, as it will havo a tendency to retard 
tho too early development of tho fruit bndq. 
Wo wish tho fruit growers in thn Several seo- 
tinns of our Stato, would keep a weather table. 
It would ho a public benefit. 
PitODUOT aw Chinese. SttoAn.oANu — Saii- 

samplo of tho Paper moilu from tho "waste of 
the stalk" of tbo Chinese Sugar-onne from 
which tbo juioo has boon expressed, aro invite 
Office. Paper-board has alt 
been mndo from this ifumu substance. This wr 
dono at t:,,|it,r, Muf.,1. diusolH by M 
lines F. C. Hyde. 

Wo havo also nt our Office thn Sirup of tho 
■igar-ciini", mndo by Mr. L. E. lioiild, of Simla 
lurn, in our Stute. Both articles are worthy 
iu eiaminution of nil who value- tho interests of 
Cniifornin us progressive. 
Choice seed nfiboSugnr.oBnoforsBlo at ofJioo. 
New Tomatoeu.— Wo saw at tbo stall o 
immings &. Swan, No. 1 Washington market, 
o olusters of very handsome now Tomatoes, 
'ing tho Jirst this season. Thoy will be sold 
at 82 per pound. Thoy were like riuu cherries, 
■ ly "oherry ripe." Messrs. C. & S. ' 

mo lot of "e ■ 


at MaimlHe, i 

i plate stock of 1 

Mown. T.& Co. arc 

Agricultural Wereheaies. 
ire the great sources where the Oulti- 
Eoil should flod Iho ImpteraaoU with whinh 
Ihe nil Into gold, and such plaou dosorve 
!S froin us. 

: Co.— Mcssri. Treadwell & Co. 


ivajs bo found a parfMtly 

jlJ-wtahluhiKl hi 

r.-|.ut ni.-n fur ii|.r\:7>]. .lo-ilini. f-rtoli .1.1,. 
rll.-hi.llllli.l>,.r|,|->-.i,le W, Ill,ni7lhe.y 


... Itailo Ih'ii roil, 
yowls eel found at otho 
Messrs. f 
en tho larrtoit Imnorlc 
Iho raoiflo Caul ~ 

la muohiaeri and 
.a of iho floDil ibat 

: Co. — This bouse havo 


'i ...r n,ir 

blBhut oBaraoloT, lo nbioh wa ihall i 

bv 'peckl aupeuncomoBt That havo 

of ifnrdnnro. .U, iverlbj ipooial atler 

Messrs. McNali.y i Co., 

S. W. Kellooo A Co.— Thishoti 

-Tho Seed Warohoe 


"good tbinga" for thn Ouliua: 

Pies.— The big Squash, weigh, 
ing over two hundred pounds, will be, shown nt 
Camming & Swan's, No- 1 Washington market, 
on Monday noit; nnd all who love good squash 
pie can havo a chance to buy a few pounds, as 
it will bo cut up and distributed. 

Ol rcLUl- 




e», nor other 




b, qal 

loi. It mi 

tlolo has 1 

uod of 


ib out 'JO.duO 

r, Of 




of lhe 


al nholo.ilo 

viae lhe «. 


I ofal 




-ffo have a l»rgo amount of misoelTnnnoaa oor- 
waponJocco from the East and Europa, wliicb 
ne shall orrango nud present to our rendors at 

an early day Aunt Bessio'e Story, by her 

Someenko, mill appear in our next Gone 

Home, by Cornelia, i- received and marked to 

appear Poetry, by C.W.; ncaepted. . . -Man- 

naoript copy froni H. E. S., very aoooptnble and 

appropriate just now; will appear Letter to 

Edith Sloutressor, aeoeptcd and will soon bo 

printed Social Reform, by Edith Slontressor, 

reooi»ed and marked to appear Critioiama on 

tho Litorataro of the tJny, by C, on file for ex- 

nmination The Hiatory of tbo Loousta and 

Grasshoppers, U worthy O careful rending. It 
wilt appear in our journal only, as copyright 

aeourod In oar Ladies' Department, will! 

fo nud some gems JIauuscript receivcJ fro 

an "Old Settlor," and on file, but wo must ur r 
upon all corr—j"i]nliii( i Mii- iui[">rtanl fact, th 
tho name of the autlior will come with every 

those that "rite for a newspaper, that Iboy 
should only wrilo ii|niii -hm :i,i-- if tho sheet 
if thov would sccuro the {Uvor of Iho typos 

Tho very itttorestiug [li-l..ry nl" tho Locusts 
and GrnsshoppBra, from tho able pen of A. S. 
Taylor, Esq., we must oommend to our readers. 
This hist.-.rv «houU he un-ayri-ed by our sub- 
aoribers, nnd is worth twico tho cost of tho 
Fajiherj for a year. 

The oonatant acquisition we are reeeivin.i,' from 
our corresponding friends, will enable us lo 
present on army of matter, varices and interest- 
ing, such us cannot be surpassed by any journal 
in California, and no hope every family will 
feel a desire to havo it 

SnrEEioB Peach Teem.— On onr visit to Sac- 
ramento, we saw several lots of ihe most splendidly 
grown Pcich trees we have yet seen in California 
for uniformity of size, for vigor or growth and ele- 
gantly formed branches. "We knew o traly skillful 
man had grown them, and we learn that Mr. Bell 
was the grower. These trees ore for solo at the 
Tree and Sad Store of J. It. Ray, 90 J street, 
Sacramento; where we can recommend oar friends 
to call. Mr. R. has a large slock of trees, seeds. 

"A Plas to mee the Stale the icholc east of 
Supporting the State Priianen, and to Build 
Public Works." Wo have received a carom c 
nieation from a valuable correspondent aud 
personal friend, upon this important subjec 
and wo regret that we are obliged to delay it 
till another wr-ek. Wlii'H presented, we belie Vi 
it will bo much approved. 

Affle-PiE Mki/i.v. — We have often spoken of 
this invalaable Melon, by some called "Squash; 
this is erroneous, as it truly belong! to th 
Melon species. We have had experiments made 
with it and cooked as a sauce. We defy any on 
person in ten from telling the difference betwee 
green apple ;aucc and tiiut >n:i-]-.- fr ■ - r i . l!ij.- aiihii. 


RD1SABV Fbdit-— We h 



ipplo of estraardinnry size 


grown and tent tiiiWir.iai 

>w pippin, and wc ■;),* 2u c 

by a Mr. Sivifl.of Green V 


Gloria Mardee— National Intelligencer 


end Gloria Mundi ; but this 

was sruil 

, tbo "Weston apple" wc 

e hed 


-in an ariiclein a late iasne, spenk- 
ly invented Windmill of Wn, Lin 
ead Wm.eira,Esq. Mr.S. resides 
t. His invention is a very ingei " 

Wilu Damsons — The Plucervillo Argua says 
that tho wild damson plum, growing in El Do- 
rado county, makes esvilleiir. prcservea. 

Never Too Late.— Many just within the 
pi-i-p i,f C-,ri~i,rri|i'.i.-in sre -iv,il .j.erv vt-ar l>v 
th,|Vml,i.,l ,„,.,,[ |j r . WiscrV linlsatn of Wild 
Cherry. Its 5-icctis in allayiiiB and curing severe 

protracted con^, i, r,. „,.-,, l: a !,|.,. \\..„,. .,..„„ 

unless signed 1. Butts, on tho wrapper. 

Tan Oiiat JjBAr.-Bco Franklin, his eTiiily bleb- 
neat, the fumed hcarct Fatlor Ad™ 1 muionm- or,! 
ILu hud cllon been hu companion ia hli m.ianlai'n ei- 
eursiens, nnd "mi men; the kln[! it Iho (oral hu 
lllolj taken Mi dej.irlara r t0n , tbo croon of -i-.lii, „ l 
|.";V!>.'.' : " "" :!l '" -.riiiMini lii. jocelu the r;,cat 

n.vj.'ly aliened in Iho 

>f tbb h 





the PATUin, and W U1 U 
«k. Klorvki A Ilrathan -i 

itoohton Hill |Jiv lh "tTc 

Wo bclloro ll Mill bo 

rthv a plsu In crcrj : 

7 will be llbcrallj pitrocL 

supplied Mlibcoploj or 
iBMito labKrlptbra 
■S'l'iniT k' |M,M "' frle 
f%.' "fii."""^' 

Eonns, GiLMOtiE & Co.— Removal.— Wo 
desire to call attention to the card nf this e 
aivo concern, lluy Imviii;; t.-umvid from Di 
street to their new warehouses and workshops, 
on Morkot st r.'ot, endure now prepared to recoil 
■ iiii.r- (■'!■ any kind .if Limits muitvil. Messn 
H. G. & Co. occupy an entire fifly-varn lot ft 
il-„ ii huiliii upt ; they open on tho water where 
they receive tho lamber in tho rough, and with 
[In. is .lilt T..ut maobinery, their sawing, slitting, 
tongninj* and grooving, thoy fit and finish ouy 
lumber for fini-liin^ w . , rl, r. . i- -i ( ■amers or build, 
ings; and from their lumber thoy ean mako 
boics at tho rnlo of ono thousand per day. 

H. G. & Co. made tho first boics for Califor- 
nia champagne, tbb first for tho California Sogar 
Refinery, and they moke for and supply all tho 
largest packers in the city. They use Puget 
Sound white pin.', ami Imv.- the best machinery 

that Can bo usi-J. Thoy ernjiW ut i iiv.-nly 

men in mukinc taw, i.-n of which have fami- 
lies ; thus this factory gives employment to the 
induatry of onr Stnte- 

The buildiiiftJ ore three storii s. with strong 

trestle ronf. Upon tho whole, this conco; 

Inok lo, oa one of the great corner aton 

prosperity. Mi'e.rrs. II. G. Si. Co. pay out 

[hous ands per mouth for work dune, thus giving 

suppnrt to many families. Such entori 

should have the confidence nud support ot 

non of our oily and State, for 

■ ir capital fur the hein'tit of the w 

st'of the State deserve the highest 


San Francisco Machine Suop. — Wo 
keeping gold this side, as can bo seen by those 

interested in home manufactures, 
examined with muoh pleasure a Gne pie 
heavy machinery, made and finished nl 

"boiler punch," weighing about 2100 

pounds, we think the Grst made in California. 

person can inia^im- In.w powerful such a ma- 

uno must be, to punch tho boles through 

(svy plate iron fur sti'mocr boiler.-;. Tlii? piece 

'work waa made by Dovoo 5: Co., and at less 

cost than one can he imported for — cL-tiic oulv 

about SJ50 to §500. 

Calu-of.nia Potteiues. — California can 
>w boast of as good Pottery ware as nny in tho 
Union. Flower pots, ohums, milk-pans, butter 
pots, jars, jugs, drain pipes, and all kinds of 
earthenware or stoneware, is now made nl the 
Pottery at Sacramenlo, at very resouable rates, 
and the agency- is on Clay slrcet, below Davis. 
J. B. Galfoup is agent for the Company, where 
fine samples of the wore can be seen. 



(5«™,000 KOBSERV Ttir.i:* „' il- ; VE!IV i:H'.ir(K>; 
Uw, if ihn m.;n imj.-Tr.itii LmJ. .■[ I :„i, 

Plam, Cho^ry 

b, Apricot. Naet»ria«,*iod" 

Tl.,: .. 


i tbo : 

Ki.tlMl, , 

nod barii 

nod J'ri u loQ union 
1 ad tbo MMrW 
in tbo Sat. 

be toaad in Ihc Etato. ™ M Vm ™ (an 

PuRhuKri .to iBtiloJ n ,i..i, tbo NorMrr, as tW 

B. S. FOX 4 CO. 

100 Concord Oraps- vines, 
ii'l la ho tlit (joc-t Qrapo in groitb Tor mnkl 
Aim, tho far-laraed REBECCA, tbo Guest V 

TUe Concord Crape, 

RThe Best Grape for Ont-floor Cnlture 


is of ALFALFA 

r Ohil 


r.alool20 cooliiio 


-by tho 








Cnliforrin Production. 

i... Ili,„ i. I.i AiiKcllcn. 

r.. .-|,i' .-,r>l-lv ii cli-.r.r-,- 
■„„.,»„h.,-... .-.ll I...1..1!' 

'"'"(JHAS'KOHLEft iCO., 

oboiciHt FLOWER anil uthor rare SEEDS, oror r 

LAWTON BLACKQERRV-tbo onlylotia tbo u 
and warranted fresh and |iure, crop of 1S37. 
The collection was ruado hr Mr. J. Q. A. Warn 

Alto, opening, a ensoof FOREST TREE SEEI 

Tbwede!iroujorCndrn t oholcoSoodinlll do 




to Non ro 




the otteu 



aud Hon 


.ho finest r 


nnbuihod Ii 

a diOorent .-■.!■ 

i— Plain, 







d invito lo 

its or tho 





loriUE their 

names he 



work ot tho 


or the United 

irefully PrcpireJ. 5th. I 


elor. end Porfumen., 

in Liberty Snjct, Kew Voik 


*» Freocuco, Cnll/lrni.i 

i: TO 



Thn hare 

tho EaiUra Stat 

i.tobo ! 

rwarded by Eipreu, ihou 




u all i 



n. nitbe 


. deitln 

tion. a: 

to our ft 

not, thli -HI bo 



mjHlll i:\--~ 

VEGETABLE SEBD3, 0/ lip p,,^ 



J. U. 

"u'itot.lro^li;, Vork. 

Hatlvo lvincei and Braadlcs. 


*M. 3m SAINseVAIN BltOJ. 

Sparkling California 


Lvor & Co.'s Brewery, 

105 Joaio (troet. 
jfO* TllEnnaomcDcdtOEloevoloinoko ----„ 

IHHthatlbey ore hard nt H ork dolor alllUHl 
iaaSlboi-cnn l-i .mp|il r tbo onlcrs that nre JBWB 

Our Card in .!nolhcro.,lumn«illoinlo| D that Bocofoi 
" I 1 I Itbovharr 

n!rur.]t'Hlij!ti>us, nodonotroaranjo[i]fliltlODOrMim. 

"CompeUtloa in the llfcat Irndc," 
Aud HDObcorfully cir!.] 1,,, ,11 our eompotitonafnir Geld 

•iri'l l--i> trj.Ic, un.l iil.i.ic the juj k 'aietit of Iho r.ublir 

molt cheerfully. 

Ll'OrT i CO., Em r lro Broworr, 
vB-I 106 Joaio tlroot, San FranViJoa 


Journal of Rural Art anil Rural Taste. 

_|_ ||.|l.!i.-, ,■.,;„„,!. I „..ii,-,. 
:,.i,ilv |.r .1 l,y r, I.,,;-,. ,.,).li,|„„ „| , 

I, ,.!■■. 111. 1 mi .11 ' 1 11 11.11 11 1 1' 1. ■..."! .,11 li.i.i ;. 1,. .1,, , i Tl 

III" ln,l!-L-itil.|i mill .-r. rli^ iiiirH.ry, 1I1.M illi, Di|.| ^llir 

,1 L',,,1.,1-., ar ,l ,-,!|.,™.„, 
,-.1 " ■ I , I' ..I...",, ■ 


O. 0. HDNTER. 

■J|«mj.. l Sl0 rtuieltm H.E. Harper, 



.■"■ l| i , t , : :, ' , i. '■■ " "■' .'i 11. 1 ..i 

■:■-£ :!.!■■:■, I rol, I,'.-., [I.ii:,. r . i,-,S{. 

rjr wie.1 wis.!: wirj.n 




orhl)- 1 

-- UlifUci 


I-. -..-i'I. : 

■■l'rl;i., a 

tS-THt, Caul 


AT thli [--,.. ola, „1 " T r ^, n 
1- tin.. l,A lt<; i;> 1 if, 1 1 ... , 

Ihe Grii 


i-. ! 

-ilhor Grimy, 
Itoekr Jliiuo- 

to Wig r». 

^6 K. REYNOLDS & 00., 

Jit_Frciduca an d General Commlislon Morchanti, 
Hoi TS and Bl S»K rltoct (bet. Cl.y sod Wejhlojton.treef)! 
flAH f IUNCI.^i.-i i. <:«.. 
Wh^l^alo .ad llewll Dealerr In 

R. n. BENNETT, & CO., 
Inco CommlBBion Karoh: 

iTlllifl'.ri' iFiirlliy, by iv.-ry prA^ljo^l'k' Ll 
ThowotkLiirued a^bc d«t of reel 

Ini*. Tin, rulumei, tt 
Tenllu3| medtum It bq 
TEIUIS— Two Dolb 
fare, payable In ailronc 

r origin,! nud rroll^sce 

V 1:0.. A.-.-:,! 
:i.|-, ,.,t.-.i.I 




TTi.iiit* t I,.-.,. ! -.],..un;jMii;i;<:. .1 riT, ar..i roLITICS. 

|-i"i if. '/.,".'■'.''■'■' ■'■,'" *■;'■"■' ■"''"■ "'"■'■ '"'' 

,o pnbllihori wiU not host. 

(ban on anyothnr claim 
to moko their Periodical 



-J. ll.Mrli,-j 

To Soieatific and Practical Agricultare 

- — BY 1IUNRY STEPUEKS, F. R. S., of Ed- 
inbor B h, nnd tho lalo J. [' NOItTi.iN, 
ProfcuorerScIet- ' 

hla Ii, oonfoMeuly, 
Tub Most Coin>i,in 
-eorpohllihed, aodlnoi 
Iho publish cte ha ro ro.o 

,[>(l.v,rmll||-„i.|,,i.|,,.,,- : ,| iri . rninI1Eli0 ; 
"111 ho 87. To ovory other pan uf tho Union 
'..■Li (|o : t.,.,i.|j -mi t S - Thi, notk u n " 

a."— [AlUuy Cultliot 
I, port-raid, to (ho n 

<t nork ehonld bo a 

■■■'■-> -|'l'li-l .>■.,-, ,|. 
ocrttc In ilila p.ulEiilir.- 

loDlnli. Iloridel a cotleolioa of Slu 
3™ L° 'i""^ "" ' bU " "' """ rCC 
ion m' 7 "? 1T " A ^"a^ou'ndaf 1 

I KiiJ., 

are of the boat deaerfpHon, 
fboy in, oupoitnl Ihroni! 

?• Folyrjodo Lead Pi 



RficKiVR Si-eciu, ash (.Ikskmal Dwoarra. 

Alako adraanoj on GOLD LUST received for^ay 

Colnago nl tho Ualtod^lnloj Alinl. 


Attention, Farmora ! 
BroaOcoat Grain sowers. 

"Pill: .uli-rlhora haro on hand a few of "SAflF"; 

'■ i'.iu::;i isiciium.-i.-r >i:ei.i .s«.nvi:Et- = i„, 

-C.iX^I.'^fM^rirtoS^d^a^^^!^ 1 ' 
The,"^,! bal'ln.roj'ee^W ono lr ""'^ 

"i- Ii . ■ ' ii Ii I ,! r- 1 -'n 1 ,. (" .v'l 1 ! 1 ' 1 1 ,'k ,. ' J '"| [. ' * u roan* 1 hi bl/'a' '■ 
toFaTmor.or.iih.f-. ,„.,,„, ,..,,,„,., l|ji|j|d fa 9 

lielr u» Sill m,t for unTl '""'"'"' " f " td "^'^ b V 
Prlee, from 31W to 8l 2o %T* j. a . D4C0N| 

ptlw. niihla g Ir, hotreror, to bo dtitlnetly I 

s .'-i' i" "'""s^ <£»., 

Oliver Wcod ell lie trace. 
Jamc It. Lo.oll, 

"^iajlcton > i onU?nDy," 

117 Fulton Street, - - - New York, 

rut: HKUilAMfvS 

u «Acnn,isT-3 

™l3o|l0M°r , i™oia- 
-inj. ni-clprucflrloj 

-■■■<■ i in m i,. »■„. nXKSS 


iii.i; ."i:i.-i[a:iic.- ("jr-M/r" 

$Bfo AGR '\V-Z'^ lL AND SCI- 

Jusr latponrED. 

I., by All 

intltrjclorilj dono. No farrat 
" 0- I'll ATT, Moaafootiirj 

ii..a,-i„. r ,„ii-. H^.'.j'i;.:.^;,;,,:; 

V^u'I'm' if""'"""''' , ' !r "'" '"' 

■ ")■ i;j- ..-land nod Baciii, I 

tru. Loiidnq 1 , fforkj 

Forj»loBtlho u _^, , . , ■ ,1 i , 

130 IVaJhiccton elreot, San Franciwo. 

";':■:.; .V ■■;■;:'': ';::■; '■■-■■■■■i'' "»,™^.f- > 



^j^MXA ^AllME R 

f jilin' iJjiartmrat. 

[for the Cull*"" 1 ' 

uroa to onoTHBK aksi 

TnX2*»M aw » <*«, »» — h wd »* Ion ° 7 

Oh, ased thy Molhrfs *«niw! "•" voulbful ^ to 
And".™", In "Llfel. Moraine;." ".hna.TUKBpu.T-" 

lb T fae..Ws« 

Thonb.rt , «™r]ilUor" l ' l ^ L,n,lt " l ' ,W * p, " OTcaboIB ' 
TtTio. Tor • klas fn™ "lW would thnra dom.nU their 

hat laad of yellow ore; 
nod itOl do not fcrs** 


ott then lUU mm 

amber, a ail' 
nbor, tl S bia 

coa "bo's loft lb 



o» thy heart Ton 

And still there Is nnotii 

er, who loot* 



Most of the homo 

old, ahull ho 


be rod, thonrh 


On ncdrinj o ftwpw* 0/ f^i'af i7atmj. 
J would relurn joo, for iho budi of Sprinj, 

A repent otTcrin g. 
Alia I my »"Ti!on "ilka do not disclosa, 

Tho ej.lnctinn aid rCM. 
The brfcbl carnation hloouu aot !nmT howor, 

To load tho sunoj hour 
With an nmam StUns; for tho God*- . 

Alone the violet aods. 
The simplest flowers of Poesy, toy frlond, 

Hornretbey wholly worthies', for they bear 
Tho porfonio of a prayer. 


storehouse of bU wpcrlcnc* vvhicb counts ** 
profit, or the moro serious E ivo » n 
abstract Of tho Thanksgiving sermon, whwh » 
expected io bo, llln Ibcir dinner, tho best of lbs 
year. Such social intercourse helps to b ""\ 

, n d should therefore ^ J^,^ 

nnt intend to givo you a homily on Z!L-„.tlbD 

,on I loft you vio^S ""> i*^*'" ^ ^ 

N-ani) so to return; >■»« «« ' , ' 

Wr «o yourself - ye" — nts ; and m- 

*-£■ «-» ^ -c:; r^;r 

qUimlBnC0 '- n y oor Novf-England »•««. «» lhc 
,,r..iiroo.or in summer's radiant beauty, 
8 Than io "ta 1 sear and yellot. leaf" of late 
„ when the varied and beautiful tinj* of 
our forests km changed to a dcad-lcaf color, or 
their foliage disappeared entirely I when our mol- 
w, gorgeous sunsets, have grown gray and dim; 
_jd vihen the bar.est-rnoon looks into Bold, do- 
plcted of their golden groin, nod Iho sun shines 
but coldly, on the faded, withered fiotvers ; when 
for soft winds and sunny skies, wo havo Decern- 
bcr'a fitful gusts and chill dark day*: 
E"*n now tho olnods am gatb'rins; 
O'orJboikTaeolo,^^ , 

Gear mourn .of eloo. 
Lilt, tho wiod> are shjtiicf;, 

And te^khp •E.'SSj.rf. 

TfUb eoth'rini jlronmb 'tla nuhina; 
Darklio'.r tho Plain. 
But brighter blmos the firo on the hcarlh-stone, 
and closer aro drown the chairs nt the evening 
family circle ; and while wailing winds are chant 
ing the dirge or tho dying year, withoot ; wilhii 
aro whisperings of comfort nnd pcaca, »nd tb 
unmistakeable intimations that Christmas bol 
days are near at hand; and in con sid^n lion c 
(he fact, that ere this reaches you, Christmas wi 
be past, I will wish yon, and your numerou 
roaders and corrcf points, a merry Christmas. 
Adieu. c. w. 

Wore wo inclined to moralise, wo might con- 
sider the quiet end beautiful orft of tho dying 
yM r aa illustrntivo of tho Christina's- South, uud 
indeed we ore now sitting whore twioo two 
twelve months ego wo wntched tho slow wither- 
ing of one of earth's lovliest blossoms ; n being 
formed of o.collonce, whoso words wore over 
gentle, whoso smilo was always sweot. Iwo 
littlo buds of promise wero opening ou hoi puth- 
■wny, end hot heart yearned over them with oil 
o, mother's tondornese end love, yet ulways she 
con-iened them to His ItoopinR. who wutchos 
over the lambs of Hi* Hook; end with n cheerful 
fore-ell to each loved one horo. she joyously 
entered the "vulley of darkness, the shadow of 
death." There wore tear?, angui* hing MOM. 
shed over her coffiu. for tho beott-sobooold not 
be suppressed » yet wo could hut rejjnee hut 
B ho siuk to rest so gently, ond wo know that 
she has entered upou tlmt day around whioh tho 
shndon- of evening shall novor gotlir- 

Good night, and Adtet 

Garden, Field and Flower Seeds. 

Foreign and Domestic Seeds, Trees, «fc, 

Hr> lor .0)0 01 Mi Serf and Siwmht warehoino, 
1, BO J atioot Baorsjaonto, 


Garden, Field, Flower and Tree Seeds, 
?rnit and Ornamental Trees and Shrub?, &c. 
t^- Oatnu, por Moll or £*pi«., praiopUj oiunflrf to. 


bar'a Album. Nothinf could 

r ihj life ruaj Lovo'a lisht eleo' 

Shall fill thiHoMB 
Upoo thj pathronv Fb 


and Bare Plants, Vinei, &c, 

J Hew™ Eoch'elle, or Lawton Blaokberry ; 
nrtnrtle'a 01*050 Ri»pborrr ; \ Wilder Do; \Sevt. 

Cuibln, Doi J 



Concord Grape, 

BOOKS. &o. 


sold onlx Pi' s upsaittpTiotr. 




j-* &*>•<"'• FMd Spotti," "FU\ oi 
i>«plHiMon!«l/ U r fau«g .>'p.rj-nn,, 

by the moit dltllnplUhrf arttita, of tho 
i llonci. MicfullF prinlrf on lodll piper ) 

sua. AHCiir, 

LAD^lu>_ F .? LK ' EpCAHUMTA^ 

irrniin fine 1V(xMl En«viivljif 

.uOrifln, Bauro L.111J. "' !orv, J.ii.l ^ 
■Hi. t .,rr u( tbu KiislMli il!'.~ 'I ll'ir.o. 

■' wSCaU 

Great Collection of Strawberry Plants. 


,„„ .,11 1 uUivol..rj nf lb« Sin.BborrJ 

f n «ToMUl"t by'lbo'Iplondlil MhihWoa. of Frail uhleh 
they bLivo oihitilei Ihwujhoul , B h o |r '*'^ , | i h ,, 1) ^ , '; o B, | , h '; 

"'!'..* '-.' 1 ,".h . n . . L ..'...^.- .1.- „ bill nj,l rntv nmTP 

»1M n 

„nlj P. 

.A.. P. SMITH'S 


.11i.l1 -. ■.fhl, th< 

oiVcinho"^ nrcmiomi oTnll tho. Eibihltirjo'j Ihu-- Inr 
00 jinninl rear Tho aubMribora otfor tho follonlng 


■mi . im-"iii.".in po'i"!" 1 ' 11 h """' h: " ";;" i,,i: " 1 . ' '"' ii 
.llgoodii • ■- ■ 



,-r-LlLi .i-t"|. 

of tho vory b 

A Voice from Uia Sreen MonntalnB. 

SloeT welcome are the Voices that come to us 
from every quarter, fiom the Sunny South, from 
Down-east, from the Granite State or the Green 
Mountains, the Empire Stole and her noble com- 
peers, or any portion of our cherished Confed- 
eracy. We love the voices that come to us, nil uf 
Ihtm, for they are kindly and loving voices, aed 
they strike opon tho chords of oor own heart 
matt toidcrly, as they chime of the beaulics and 
glories of oor own adopted California. 

The aencied most interesting and eratifyinf; 
leltcr comes from one of nature's warmest 
worshippers ; "we ben the hand that maon write 
so bracly," and would uro could place in that fair 
band une of Flora's richest and most fragrant 
groups of gems just now, to show our friend 
our appreciation of bcr favor, and the ct 
between the 'Sunny Side" of oor Bay City, and 
the Mountains of Torment: 

n my pen 

Sim hoo 




If bin' 


o tt b 

It tells f 

Deae Editob: Your semi-monthly v 
the person of the CjtLiroHKU F»HS]EH,aia hailed 
with pleasure, and tho kindly greetings, mud 
like those extended an old familiar friend. W 
sit us down and converse logether,of your borne 
on the broad FaciGc Coast; or peer with yoi 
into the dirk mines, where are hid your golds 
treasures ; out from these, we turn quickly away, 
to jour vealllt of gofden iiraanine aod talk 0! 
yoor Agricultural aod Horticultural products 
while Flora ever crowns the whole with fragianct 
and beauty. We go with you ''over rnountair 
and gtm," and there sacrifice to Nature, in hei 
wildest haunts, or Eland awe-struck before thi 
wurld's wonder — your mighty forest-giants ! Wo 
accompany you, id your Fairs, where ' 
played the geoius of yoor sons, and the grace and 
taste of your daughters, while combined wilh 
these, are the rich and varied products of tho 
farmer, in almost tropical profusion. Wo view 
with longing oyea and watery mouths, your 1ns- 
cioos fruits, take the measure of your big applti 
and pears, and suddenly stop, in perfect amaze- 
tnent, before your mammoth j>umj'. f ;iii. v.r.w3.:r. 
tog how many pies It would make for one of our 
New-England Thanksgiving dinners! Speaking 
of Thanksgiving, that crowning festival of au- 
tumn ; it has with most uf our States been duly 
proclaimed, and no doubt, religiously observed. 
In yoor fast, go-ahead Stale, where tho present 
bas moro power than the jjaii, where tho rtito. 
would if possible, efface all recollection of the 
old, tome reminder of tho "olden time," and tho 
"days loog ogo," in yoor fnr-ofl" Eastern homes, 
fs necessary, and I am glad to see that your Gov- 
ernor has not forgotten tho lime-honored Thanks, 
giving of the Pilgrims. I love these home-gath- 
erings, this inlcrchango of friendly greetings, 
when from places near and remote, children and 
grandchildren are assembled at Iho old home- 
stead ; perchance vacant scats may be there, and 
o'en your own golden land, may hold some of the 
absent ones; or yet, some may have crossed tho 
bourne whence there is no return ; aud they 
not to DH their accustomed places) for alas, 
world iswiue. and tho grove Is deep;" bi; 
memories must he ereshed bsck and all be made 
happy, while they surround tho generous board 
set out In the good primitive fashions tha ypir- 
ing turkey In the center, supported on either 
band by iho constant but less pro tending ehieken- 
piep. the numberless savory dishes, arranged rank 
and file, along tho table, and the rear brooght up 
wilh cakes, puddings and tarts, and the faith fol 
poinpkin-pici, standing "tnlinuls at the outposts; 
all theso, as a matter of courao, and while they 
are discussed, each brings something from tho spring timo of year. 

Welcome Visitor from tno Bmpiio State. 
Yes ! wo can icsuro o cordial welcome to our 
happy visitor from tho Empire Slnto. "Sallie" 
has many wnrm friends in onr golden Inod, who 
will rend her thoughts, as they ore stomped 
upon the paRos of the Fabhek ; ond her very 
happy allusion to the "Time-honored Clock," 
o read with much pleasure. For tho kind 
s to our renders ond for ourselves wo are 
duly grateful. There were so many pleasing 
Ideas, wo wero sorry to End so quickly a rroro 1 
wished to stribo from the loner; it was the 
word.lrf.-eu.- -= DlM1 „ nihi iesli 

iro I possessed of Prince Houssoin's won- 
derful carpel, which, as related in fairy tales, 
dd transport him who sat thereon to ony de- 
sired haven, I would turn my thoughts west- 
ward, and soon alight in some pleasant spot, 
within sight and sound of tho broad Pacific. 
Or, could I reach tho car of old Boreas, I would 
mingle soft whisperings amid his rndo blasts, 
ond murmur sweet words of reminiscences anil 
sympathy to bo homo on tho wings of tho wiod 
to loved ones for away. 
But sa my li 

ii'iE inspin'd, I must eo 
myself with remaining quietly ot this snug nro- 
side, listening to the gentle teaching of a Til 
honored Clock: 

"And a frlondlj voleo Is lost timo old clonic 

■night of tho old year passing away, 

ds ma of the bright anticipations with 

whioh I greeted its advent; of hopes whioh 

wero born but to perish, of resolutions framed 

for good; ales! too soon forgotten. 

It speaks of bright eyes onoe lifted to mine, 
and rosy lips which parted with the Now Year's 
salutation ; of gentle hands, and loving hearts, 
whioh now lio cold and pulseless beneath the 
-.vmti.ry «»>"!■ It answers to my bl(?:i.-.i[i(;j. mil 
bids my heart swell with gn 
it has cast around mo. For tho over dear home 
remaining, and tho oirclo of homo unbroken 
f'T llie j-lmdow of its rouf tree, and tho sholtoi 
of its lovo. But the moments glide onwurd, am 
tho old year must die; yet not until it shall havo 
'doomed tha merry Christmas tide, and hi 
borne to tho ears of thn Great Jehovoh 1' 
ithems of pralso to tho Holy child Jesus. 1 
Now Year, tno. in Juiviiiiij;. mid lung ore these 
reaoh you will have been ushered in with 
juy and revelry. We may not gnzo behind the 
roil whioh hides tbo future from us, and each 
loort anticipates some sunny reality, some 
duwory pathway through which to traverse, and 
scarcely heeds tho slight foreboding whioh will 
ntniilu oven opon theso festive hours. And 
hofore tbo Now Year's greeting grows Cold 
'Upon my lipa.J would extend to ull readers of 
tho FAituF.n, and more especially to its editorial 
head, my henrlioat wishes for future prosperity 
and long continued happiness. 

Porhnpa you may imagine US at this period, 
buried amid huge masses of anuw, and so in 
times past wo havo frequently been; but nlthough 
tho frost king has threatened and stormed, ani 
blowed, sunshine is still predominant, ond tht 
atmosphere acorns filled with that delightful 
base so favorable to day dreams and roraanc 
Indeed eo balmy is tho air that no seem only 
need the porfumo of flowers ond luxuriance of 
I foliage, to Convinco us of tho presencu 

All Kinds FRsTIT TREES, 


And also an unusually fine crop of 


|d 3 33 ED S . gg 

All of which wo offer upon as reasonably 

low terms ss Ihoy can be had at any 

reliable establishment. 

S* Our Peach, Apple, Cherry, Apricot, a 
32 Nectarine, and Plum Trees, 3 
Are very large'sizcd, many of thciu of very sup 
rlor alio, mallei; it an object to ponooanbo dotiro 
rnaVo plnnntlona of Inrgo-alacd trooa, to ctva ui 
enill sail, and ointnina for tbomaolrea bofora furcbaali 
horo. IV Iho cenvonionco of [.urohuen no ha 
otlaartrooiacconlfa, Io tho foltonlnj icalo of i\\ 

aetto fif«i hi E hi 
cetlo Tftathieb; 
ent to 10 fool bleb. 

licular attention to our inlnodbl Hock of 

Iho Bocit varieties, and of whioh no can 
o largo qunotitlna, and of tho vary ftnnst 


IN Ull' I 

With I 

i secured. 

kin,. \-,-, 

, 1,1.-1,-: 

Thi- 1, 

; : ] "".■"■ 

Thi- i.-'thi 

1b« .-ui.*rit 
.,„ i.i-M I. !■!.■ 


.-.f^t'Mfii'l-ill. u|.n>lhn crent nar 

D J i» uno uf Iho It"'- varietusa knonn. T 
h -Ir.ii-.l.-TD -H'-ri L,!,-.'',r.-liioncJjilincb. 
more bo.iulifol can bo round. 

gnvory lareo steel 
■o quo o titles for u>ab 

N. B. Samiilcs r,f iho riom; 

i'. '.'v. '.'„,' /^.iillLCcffllhloC, ' 

E»»T on »r™jjn 
ond irabln sT 

irl!!> IlioCnrrhcolJorJti 
igUlood Stock; (or Ocn- 

llowinn populnr nod attractive aijlea: 


UAgaaiSvr Ccll/mi 

Hew TreatiBe on land Surveying. 


i, C. El J. 8I0DLE, 

oliso on Surveying, by S. Alsop. In this 

tlbcIh^rjliplQlnlfWiilcomp rohen. trrliproscnlnl; 

..■i,j ,-..q|.1 !■■■ IiIliI^ rn f-.|.r.r.- i. ijr,|.rnr,il. rrl'-f |MT 
j.Wlcd to Callftrnia. >$, pwwcuiiicluJrd. Prko of 

B0UK9 foi 

do " U do 

,..-.-. n.Hv ll:- 

I the varletioa of fr 
ig In our Orchard., ai 

nnd hirin; bton prapafatod hero by m, 11 

DETTEB TREES thnothos'^ulror-rt 

The immense quantity of fruit st 

from this etlnbliihmnnt to Sacra man to an 


aoanEaT as •; 


In tbo deportment or 

Shade and Ornamental Trees, 

Vo barn a vorj Eno stock of nil Ibo loading lorlntloj, 

Seeds'. Seeds'. Seeds! 

TEST received by Kinross,* lnrjoawortincnlof r-nes 
VIEIJi :n,.l;l'K:; >I.U--. v,i-.-,:|.. : ,'.jMl 

mil ll "rAllamto Swiss, hi that pun-amors inn 
air "i'b rmiijoiico on any sc-^ds IbeJ may purcbas 

All ordenitrom tbo conn irj.nrrorn nan led with tbo cul 

■ill i...- i.; .■„, ill .,ii-r,..l,. I |.j, nod fnuhfollv oicculed 
Libornl dbUonl raiiln to DcALIBS. CjijIv;.. 6 IV-: i t" i«nic* JcMrlnjt same. 
Ooi-.n -.-c.l— Uod, White, .iod Toilow. 

liecl-Liii-'io'wiiii'-Sik'Ljii' ii.. I M»ue«lw "iol. 

— cilro Earlv, of dirTon 

Ira Bonos nf different kl 

Fnnn aooJs, of 

J seeds, nf linl.rcnl :..,n 

[,.■::-«. I. Jll-Il 

•-ins — Tiuiolhy, Ky. IIIuclti«. It ■ I - 1-.| 

ertltnd and Wblto) 

_.iiiot, aod n™ r . ' 

I of all kinds of seeds. 

o j. y sw.-t 


field and Garden seeds, Flower da,, Fruits 
do., Tree seeds, Canary, Hemp, Millet, Bape 
and Maw seeds, Herb seeds, Freach 
Sugar-Bcet seed, Chinese Bngar-Coao teed, 

nblch ho dDVs io the Fanners and to Ibo trade Ihroai 

..,,, lh,...i|:.l.,..|ilil-L-r:il I'.-fim. 1 M m. I « i,l,- ■(,!( 

,,|,.,i: 1 ii„ 1 ,„fihioHoaso.ol rural b ibob-i .--i-n 

°urc Kunmlioo lbalo°oo . ' 

.l.-Ul.fl, on.l will C ™», II riui-orlj- |.l.H,ul ,M..r 

■ li nro raised and r« up by Iho Sbski 

i,K»«V. '- 

ih. ■■:.:■ 
at Now L. 
N. B —Parties wl 

i^'ii.'iv; ■:. 

a the 

oisll 1 ; 

9 of Seeds f. 

; (!-:.■!.,, 

The Oreenhnuse Department is quite full, and 
our reallj-snpoih stock of 
banoqaaled by aojtblne. or that sort Id tha State. 

Garden Vegetable Seeds, 
Of this year's crop, Due and of Crst iiuality, put 
up In |«b. s ... all alios, sullablo U> the trade, Wu- 

For fuller particulars', sen our new Catalogue 
n-hicb no Bill furnish ob.mi, to all oppllcnot.. 

, uofjoi-d l>y Hi.' ra.lj, ~lll bo pr.rapllj Btttodcd to.nnfl 1. 1. :,-■!, la narrj i4fol, to nn , ot ihc 

VB-IB-6B1 A. P. SJ11TQ. 

.] n,.r; 


ilcssla and retail, by 

S. W. JfOOItE, 
l-.rtor and Cellar in Seeds. 

J". I 111 ■■ ;>.,., I 

itb ], 

To Seedsmen, Planters, &o. 

ri>lii.|iMM|[-J, ;-, ...,..:, ,, V,', .1. |' r | .. 1U , .„ |Vlp 

l.llyahuofL.ol.anilllric.-acurr ...'.r. n.i.'l. m'-i'. ,.1-V. 1 ' 
J.tL *Ho(tlJOIlM i CO., B-.-I11... o. J,.- , 

New Seeds. 


10 cnu Fruit and Ornamental Tree Booda. eonlilolaa 

''I :!■ :■■■ : li- ■■■■ ■ ■'< 'I ■ ■: -Ml I:.' .,1.1 -.,:,. J I,, il.,. 

.in,, „ r Kim.poi Pear, Quince, Apple, and 0" 

Oricra wU be iSIIol in rnuilon. WARBEH i CO, 
t CalUorala Fnnocr OUlco 130 Waihlnjtoa 

Ik aeh™or^oAB y ufo 

. . /r.Vi'ii.W 
II <:> Sli:i;v 

lot llljli echoot;. 

' I'lli::.. I. I|- 111.,. I ll,::':,' 

nr nod &rVsr lio.:. I '".'( 

I:,,!]! I [ifl.Ti;-.. Mr p(T-,rli. 

.i,-,..|.IU.lli..lll,i .UU,"J|V, 

^■■n:i ul Acconnu, pub- 



pr:|..,-IV'l '-' rri'il ^:'li "'I-. n[,.l in „ I ,TJ.- Miml.-i 
l:.r ] ti , n'.t. .mJu-dL, ..; Kii-ll*l, ILioroIorc 

Cleveland's American Literature. Cleveland's 

"publUlicJ carlj- next year. 

ifion on the Ri*e, Progress, ond Present 

jucturo of the English Lnngaagc. 

Tho Works of Thomas Dick, LL. D. 10 vols. 

Iho Family Library , linn thn worts of Dr. Dick. 


. H. jjipniucorr & crj. 

Clirnalologv of tho Uniled Slates; nnd of tho 

■l'ioi. , !.-r-.'Al.'-r,.."n"l!l.> ^^tll. ',r.-1.,l"^.' n t!!i: J mi ■..','(' [i-.'.ni 
ril ,cl.-!,LIIJi nimI .'li'i^.-.l |.-j' J llcill..r,... Ill L-rm Hl-I.-, :. 


K ,=i 

Indlgenane Races or 

iirtnwit».'i I'l.'i i|...-j..i-..:,....T,.|.|.i, 
;>■ ''■■'■.' ■:■■ ■ 1 "'! I".:--, ''.'.j. 

Earth ; or New Chop- 




Colored Plates of California Fruit. 

rpnE bcnutlfnl Fruit Pkoi 

,of thoFnviTof Collfon 
^ou sals at tbo Farmer 
a a beautiful Fruit Fiooo 


150,000 y^J&JXfZZT* 

A Splendid Bull for Sale. 

• VEKV Sno DURHAM nUT.I—olarte 

,_ ,o wu"'*.' ,/";.,;''"' ■ 

130 Wuhlajrun itrccl (up nalnr- 






No Librahv 

different etjxtxokts. 

Set op- Tuese Wobkb. 


err- r.n^r.- 1 i r ■- "i 1 1 - ■ ..jj.;-*! Jr-i-'l-'i fciLitlonj, and n re the 
only r.lui,'u' |u :■!!-!-■.- J J r i ■ h1, i-.'j'.'fy ''O tiM.Ty. '.-it'i-r 

I 1 ■ ■:■ I ■ ■ ; 'I ■ i>UI ■ ': 

I.,--;, r. ;,■■.! .!.:■■!■ M I- ■■'— '; ' '■' '■';■ '.-■'l'" '--"" '■' 

■ Crcllubinli, Mill. I^tch, Tin.i.u^Moc'l^, ™™ 

nl. , t,y,:L:',-l lr,.M r:.i.r:i-L '.TI..I. ,1 4. - - - ■ . - J n i-dilliimlliU TPCro 
'■■■■:-] ii\ ,u:'icii|:'j:,u in rn-iurlilT numl-cr*. ibe vulutrhi* 
beioutid on cxainlEifitiuB, to be yabliabcd on too finwl ind 






Hariri Square, corner of Bush nnd Market itneU 

; ! .i.'..i.'"iij! i :L l ";::4". ,, .:L.:. ,, .!;;l- 

VOLUME3, and In 

Jtii lij Cndkibuk, 

j, bctu tif ii [|f bonnd 


,.!jfu*r tiVhUrfuf'-' ■■''"''■'■"""" ',' " ,i 
Half rait Eniri'ted td' ? w Fi^&iw JO 


eatliiiei U Sit Kifo-nt &,!a. 

T1,', Ii . I. ■::■„!, ,-.j.;i ,„ i. ,;,■!,)[. vie In Thirteen rOltunflLf 

J- rifle .ill be told la »iS. TbVfoUiMrtos o^ErJ^timn 

Dickciu' Kevr Sigrlo. I Murtin ULottl^il. 
Weak Uniug. JJamibj- rtuJro 

David Cojifioioold. Old CurWiii;!,..,, 

Bombey and Son. | Skelcherbf "Boi" 

^ IJUlLil C- | J | , .._ ,.. 

full f:,|i. in-,,- :. .,r:l, ,,■■■ .|!i in 

Full cell, fi ili ni fw , b ocl.. etc. 40 «P 

;" I.>,,!id Stliwjm o/j«&™ 


Published and for tale by 

™V.^. PETeRS *>' v & HROT1TERS, 

"* "i o1 ™™ TnJrJ, PIKMDELflllA. 


The Largest Family Grocery Store in this City 


W E ,!j"° ""'" ™P ,, " ,i,luMl onr ' [c *k, and are noir 



, ;:;;;„-; ,i 

Vilh Hull-.- 
.-■■,, I: r:.,.-l 
i'l,: r, 

OH", Galle( ... 

Foraeloby REYNOLDS & LAW, 




Will Wocbiur-rr, j;,-ikv,, (jur.rt.- i-unijicri, Annlgnrao. 


WM. H.~M O ORE, 

San Francisco Brass and Bell 1 


do»b[o el .1! dcerlptba. of Piclurea Z™'o" jTa^"" 7 """■ "* ,h ° "«■ •"•-UM «-d fliort 
SIELAHEOTVPE3 .ai-rier In ,„ E | ',f r , aAJj ^^^t.Sri 
PlIOrOORiPrJ^.X ri-i"« UkeTo^dL" of ^ ' 

B, B 

Gauge Cacfcs, Gylinder Cocks, OU Globes, 

Steam Whistles, Hydraulic Pipes and Nozzles 

for aiiNm-a purposes. 

COUPLIHu JOINTS ol all liioa. iB-fflln 


T/no ondorrijTicd ba* ja« Kecked a jplondid ui 
Silk ash SIeriso Vests ; 

Silk akd Mkbixo; 

Misses' Merino Vests ; 

Bova' Merino Vests: 

.Ladies' akd Cini.urit:^ 1 Jl-ijn-uv, to., ac.;i 

The Best Assortmeflt in San Francisco 

. -co. for ndin 
nh', n "l'i'" J ' rJ " < ""J P'»«« »"f broqghttolbonotico 
The.o Plo-i »« mido b r IbD bort rnonurMtaren in 
>■ r/ajltd 6Mh, and di-ff umrntilTan In jirlce, ond 

.t.™ mm con WoiWrn SiaTe!, ire a,i enabled r offer 

CAST PLOWS (Eatrlo Pattern), 

w« .l„,i| b« (a coBimnt receiptor ih B abova HjImoC 
nd pffsr belter Inducement* lo (he [rode 

: )fbnt 

■o ri-m 

backed In eate.,vcr 
irl of iho coanlrj o 

Machines and AgrienJtnral Implements, 

ind ™ji i of all deMriijUMij, coOElantly on band ond 

to-lO 3tn N.E. cor. Cillforaia and Bnllerr -licebi 


Dealer In Agricultural Implements. 


V LINEN !i,...|„ 

r l.cfur, 

< Ild.lllli: V vlj m. , 



H Lad)- i, invited lo Bill nnd tuatulno 

^Iietcua J | 11J ;el;eitboro. 


WSacrainenlodrcol, above M.,i,i,;„ I i.,r 

D. S. Keoblatiox Swo»ob ; 
U. S. Rimumtio.%' ; 

U. S. Rkoulatio!( Sashes ; 

ErAtii.Erw-. |-Jmj ||. i m f -.j i 

AH ol nhioh Kill bo (old ai rcdu.-ed ,.rice' 


IN Sac re men 

ru M„ii 

p o r L n p, M Tj S . D ft D Q s T R E ( 

fA-'i'i \-'ri. l-.'i '',",' ."' St "" Ui - 

A.0V. (TTIXEKS: I lii-liitJamoneriaailriee 
'="«r.-l,„i„ u , l-.jKTV-NIKE.hHa .offered nlth 

",-(!,'.■ t 

u .,! ,„ 

J-" .■'■'■S-'-oWLBDOBD lo be br.ll wb n h . i a 

in :.■.-: \.-i. ,■„■...' ■ , [i 1 '!"- 

fiM lir- 

o Ihe Tur 


'I'd .te,7,., „f r .„. ul ., rit ,._ ...; |r| 

': l.lV I 

^11 I't^,;.- ;■.-.- 

I'L'llied ?"^'' , " l,oru|0 » n J C 'o 



=lr Vegetable, onj 1. comrwed nr 


*«r u 

»'«^b™'*a7^r51 1 S!3.' Ir S 

n ihe bee 

Tb'--ti'ivi,ii, ..',',; r7" u "" ,| "i- ,|[i ' 1 '- f 



110 and 112 Clay Street, 



WHOLESALE cciloec-er /j,c, qrn ... , ,, , „ , ,., 

I'l' I' 'i li [ , I , 11 ,;. 
can a Drneel.t .ind i D^tftr, .,r..i 
'• ■ti'" J i.ll" l„„-„ j.icLt.j „„ , ||0 




UJ Sicrauiooio slreol, aboro Monluomeir. 

Odd Fellows' Lodges and Encampments 

Fnrnlihcd wilh FULL SETS, it loner iiriaei Ibao oror 
-- «D"iwi. It. .WKtiTi.i-s. 

■ ■' '- '— lboioMi 

Pioneer Establishment 


A.V'lJ ilACDX. ".Al",ii-,uli„n : | li'' ,"" " A - M 'i '■ ■ 
orSmobed and Pi.-::!.:i, ,'„.■.; [\ ' T, ^ «"^1.W*bU 
' ' 'J' ■ :■-; 'Lo;l!.r In j^kagei -o.eit. ""'"' """"led 
^^^ r ' 1 ^k 1 n D u -«»"'''° Pork Paeklag.aod 

Iho .mil, km,. ..I" ir,.r i. ., . ,...'..,' ■:.' 

tbl. °p,™|, 

j y ■ i„ i, 

rB-IB n " 1 

■.l™i™jrod taa, ef SALT 
to, I-l-.n-i .,,.1 i.„ l: ,. 


FouirriiLT. ° m ' 

InJehaiBo n antr™^ P ° l T,'\ "" L N1 B"" 

onaigo no mo „ f „ „,ediei n e s [hay, In u, day lime. 

l ^,r? l :^ l i'!V. ,, ':-! i »^e>«dre n ro.lane« W llK 

Ileroanarwa nlll An > hn.r..,' 

»i,v.. jh. us, Juc 

bare reeolrad It 

,i c r l ;-, c " l *" Wnrirur ! 

la California. 


eiforlho folIonloBrolB' 
eltjre. TtiljurrlcloliMr 

pft "NJA Ouuvrn a( 

;i'!f? , «"* fiiiowV 



122 Lonp; iVIiai-r, 

Itiioka for Aeeoueunu 

^ [ --u 


H A h™ a re"" IC l«dT l fl n 1,Qr ' ™' ! ' h ""f ' 

^i s'wtei undnVrl.^'; S!l':,.''n\- ''.',Z"J:\ tiiil', vFilb nil inui]|ii,„J_ /,,],- i n:lvo ij,,! lKCDll . 

urolim°,ro f r e™eti n * i l'a i |V'' ' ia '' n0tl, " e ™ ,ltn « rI - 


onleJgo of (ha 

I-..] ii,., 
I ii-.j-i I 
■ ii 'in- r.r 

It "l - : 

rd eS ] B n,aod have uedor mj , l ho manuraeloring; of 

1,500 Cast Stec) Callibrnla Plows ; 

[lia , eo*u' D lr T ' lr A I L', Dr,lri " W "'"««*«« before in 




ic, &c, ie. 
addLlao In nh a! I roanafaelure, r.holl ^..h. 

Sft 'SS 
69 Sf l " 

Hi" " : 

■ t-si 

S0 = ; 

>e§l rf- l3 ;i IS01 

5 a hi lei.,..,,,;;"" 1 "JjJJJj [n o (r 

^.^ jSr 




i I,!!,", 

OS- Pleajo favor ina nith a call, and ho lor vonrsalf 
., , V-- ! '-' '"^'m ' " m l' ut,l, ' ui "e- <"> hotnou^btii 



WOUTniT AMD rim* 

,1-m- :,'i.; „':-■:■'■, r r '■;■■■■"' ■:--«■ :■-=— r-.r.a...-,-, lU .- 

illj Hd WE WILL IHF' 1 ' *" ""*'• « i ™ u ' 

A few pop^eniS,,^? 111 - , 


ATf*ki r n,! 

^i^pH". oVc, *t, At 


^^ 3STO. us 

Between Bacrxroento aod Callfuroli 

T. T. JAMES, Proprietor, 
rf '' ■''" Forroe ily olllio Amuriean Excbin:, 


TOW con " E " <"■■ rci'ifni a^ j «Wr,., 

Tbl. n=- end ma;allleeat Hotel eootala, 
mone wltlch are a pe.1 oember of 
larg-e einple and Double, and Salts ef Boom. 
Filled up Etpr,.,,, /u , >-„ B „ t( .,7» 

nnnr - A01 CARRIER'S ■ 

BOOK AND STATIONERY COMPANY, . LARflP r?^?" 00 " 1 Wrated ' 

122 Eoi. ff Wharf AVf^e nnSer.? HROOM-CORN „ill be purebred 

SAN FHAMOISOO. .8-1 | '""f^ed b 7 B^roSI, to """jorw a'wolV"" bu 

„.™/f.,«r 1 <«.ta5a.a».i.;""'<«°^ 


Who Will Coma? 

While lea Ikamri ™*°" !!|Zl! IkGoinaiat *» «"° 
dtteo. are »J»S •« '« » fj 1 ", „ «rf la, 
„.„ He -Old Sl.«." -« ■* *» ,, „„ -„ 
*»!»«■ It .P»k' '»«"„' 
plain matler-af-fact laagaaP^ 

, and teltB lie trne 
Ml... af tl. P"'?i'^l,„„t tt«m lo 
a .< i All can do something, write, 

S A.v« "™ c,u '""" r ".trie 

™a.«r.«a,fa r paoptelopl hare, ■"« «W 

"ST™ »j a..— ™> >« i '';?,« 

m W, l..a« .« Haad fa, b» »l«aW» '•»»' 

i ,r i L 1 -aoad.™ ! ald.,.ad™b.f»«>l'»' 

tolia, afU.. -^ ^^ _ ^ ,„ 

i nm .till in Mieairan, aaa 
Editors Fuuike : I am at,,, in au a 

„ffl be far a dull *» ■• '"'•'»"" ,' „, „ 

pi a«.j, ...» ?• P™» h C« ap ad »*o 

TOk »batI»l.bI«ul«M.fa™ 
hoar. Have ji 

real, lo Clifaraa. » <*• "' •""' i"" 1 "" 

-'"•'■JU o.H.c-u,.™- 

opaoiog a large aa.e,la,.»t • ,"" ' ™ ' , 


is always kco toomplato- 

Price, a .TwAiairigWn Barket.-Jar.nary 

Cranberry Plants. 

THE Ht.Lt. VK Jj „„i. alinn on druui., otvmj- 

TS lb° ttnil brM ndr.V« J " ,r ou 'V „, «hcrt not I fieoWo 
„-,,! c ro«. WL.,0 uIllVB"d, sf""" > "'' 
^"""fiDO ta m» J^J|^2tai ««*- 

BrincWe's Orange Raspberry, 

e rnu.i>dr«l • ■ » I*"*"™ 

Tlted Antwerp, Frnuconin. Knovntts Giant 
ond Fastolf Raspberries, 


Inventor, and Bole Manufacturers ° r lhB 

patent Antl-Frlctloo Axle Grease 

For Coaches, Wagon*, ojc. 

California Steam Navigation Company. 

'.,j,,'i/i.i,'lrJ7. li^fT^l 

CARRYING uni tku 

MT. "I ■ , ' 

Cordage Manufactory. 

r bundled •■■■• "™ 

NEW HOP i' BE „ E :_ 


confitflaUy on hind 

tubus & c 

will. Ihe ligLldral 


, ;, 

soJ d.w:rl|ill-JO 
prion SO u "" 

end hieblj of 

I'ir.-fil-r. t. 

g^ Bta B .«r.v w-^* j ste-jj « iiii , te ;»i 

received a letter from ■ 
T ZZ' YeneM to tear or his safe arriral 

SSI that he aa. M me loll oata.a large beat, 

and acme spleadid wheat heads at joar office. 

eaid ho looked for E ome of )oarm«ffOLla, hat 

amoDir the "anbeliwais" in thU ■"omity, They Frcncu Merino Sheep. 

read to them a murder, robbery, or massacrl 
they will »J. "Ibal i« twth.- _ So yoa_ «■ 
inllaeaee that deters Hnigmlwa to the /aror e u 
Undaf CaWbrnta. I, for one, have too mueh 
repeet for cdiWrB.and ooninitten chosen on Agn- 

caltoral and Mechaniea! prod nc too e, to believe 

thtjWDldhavoaayiaterst in w aspiration or 

misstatements to iodoee an immipation there. Yon 

waat c«^^F^^lli:^^ with the poo.p.e— so, givo my 

fccLs Eentlemeo." Sow them broadcast through 

the land. They will Sad a ft*, "the chosCD few 

jnch as yon need to briDg oat the resource of Cal- 
ifornia. Aay reasonable man knows that the 

climate ot California trill produce Fruils. T.-geta- 

■bles, and Grain, in greater pe.feriioa than the 

frost-bonnd resioas of ihe Northern and Western 

,'tiy if:- 


Fiowe. .1EE0S 1.J Ibn 100 pipm. 

Preminm Marble Works I 


v ..t.i.«. n |«l. 1 >ttd Graloj, M^OLoenU, Torob «n d 

ml I j OB 

, ,.. 1 ..-..\t..rl 
„, -ill.- uri'l 

nlar, oa niiuonnblo 


aniirroa ov Tin: Cnu"*""^'* Naa- e K"".-. ; i a al 


JOHIV A. WOLF, Manufacturer 

And Wholtsalfl and R=l fl11 V™ 1 " in 


End BluiT>, 

j. wHiT:'tl'. It., Praldc 

Contra" Costa'Ferry Notice. 

.*«> . TtivrNfl bocn muraired in Impotitag "ad 

„' 'I'f.ll'-.f.-i '■.Rvcinri, Wiwoot 
iciilShoBcIVpIwi " — " 

,,„,J-.,i.'rth-|.f' i ^"".' 
tup miitd by offMlf. « I 

a fill di " ' 

- -.yu |Qff dj (ho T "" , if v-n-;!' ■ ■ v f ;ri '■; I- 1 

1 hare eonvereed with several Relumed Cab- 
foraiaas, of late. 'Some of tbem don't advise any- 
body to go to California to live. I ask them if 
they don't raise good grain, vegetables, and frails 
there7 •'Ohyes.andaeneriima'e, too." Well, I 
tell them, "that is the land for me." So 1 get jnsl 
nhal I desire from the most homesick ones, I was 
eonvcraug with one a few days ago, and he en- 
deavored to make me believe that good apples 
-would newr grow in California. I told him I had 
fjood evidence otherwise. Ha said, "perhaps you 
know wore about it than I do. 1 have been there 
j.«yeaia,ondUvenerfrr!H:i:Da£iwiiapplB, they 
were tough and tasteless." I asked bita if be hid 
attended »oy or the Agricultural Fairs there, lie 
eaid, "no;" -Well," says I, "I don't give it np 60. 
I believe the aregood apples grown io California. 
If not, will have some when I get there, for I am 
bound to raise Erst-rate apples exeu io California, 
if I am permitted lo go there." lie said also, 
that "the potatoes were not good i they were foil 
ofEtiings." He don't agree with others, I have 
conversed with nbout tbem. 

We have been overrun with a great panic, since 
ray last, of Sept. 11. Banks broke, merchants 
broke, nod farmers almost broke; money awful 
"tight," and hard limes generally. But prospects 
a little brighter. Butmanyapoor: 


.^I'lSiwli.r'-ii,- ■■i...[i.(-r(lia|»««fl,6ii»aib»oW. 
it -CoaKt,"DUOl'"F«llI-,"(n™«n^. 

Gennantown, Philadelphia, Pa. JG- 3m 
Sainclndea in his business the collection and H0BB3 GILMOBB i CO. 

gg importation of WM manufacturers 

Every Klod of Tree Seels ; JgB " 

Thatc.nboobUin^^- APri« B O X ill » , 

C«r«'*rf«™rT™nand.riSi^ ittwon BuU and A 

My bo oWalocd "lib ■ ..T.-Miin , .^ ' -" J (<j |L1 ^ r , ,';,„,. SAN FB AHClSCO. 




]i. iiEMn - in !■ '"■ 

'■'i'd..: I'.V ' H'l-'Ji'.-M^'L'.I. I'VVII.I -■ 

lTB-?l-6inL-| A-ldrC!8 M abQ' 

Alfalfa Seed. 

rplIOSE wbDdnlrt; f"" c ™J*?^* c Ql 
itii r™ar!o,blV d"»» ■nT.norf; Ih«n = Ihii 
.tll.Jic I;, T,!. .!.-.!.■ oiT.ricl in ibll mw*"- 

" r V.-elfiMi iml .\(jrlcuitnml Sccnli, 
""^^^AHES M- TllORBUrtN t CO- 

Eare Melon and Cncnmoer Seed. 

A\ u'i' c"|'Vpi.'UM[ii:'» St ED, (ram Europf—n 


PHaroess, Saddles, Bridles, £g 

Presents for tbe Dloii rfa> s 1 


Importer of and Wholeaalo and Bolail roaler 



Silver Ware, 

Jewelry, an« 



Of all Kinds Constantly on Hand. 

ae nun ii fin Led by tin- . i h. ..-.n, ■ i i.iin ilium, and dopooi 
.,!■ ibdr i.!-,iv"f ib-jLc:!.,uililj, ond ieltclodBitli oate l 



nlll atUodcd U>. an 



iv l;iiii -lll'.tl' tl.r in 

' Ki ot Cal. L. G. Mi 



«K-^ 11B OLAY STBEBT, j 


(Fp™^ y j. u. m««* co.. antf*™fa .'«". 

TN CaHIne pablta atl.nUoo to oar NEW SEED ST< 
1 wsfiroinnlcnElboncdnolicsunncocuarJf. Won 

I ™" !l]F ' UlB Slack a 'is Entirely New, 


i: .1 i. •■f. '-CIIHF.It'.Fh, 

MLfDiil'iKftfiror and Dofilcrin Dedf.m 

.i;,i.,..,i,i-..i..:.Mira i in- ;-.-■. 

"'Vo. 179 Jaeluon «ro l{3cl door bltowKanj), 

S^rljoi.i^ilolbo International Ilotel. 
N.B.— All oiden im.oii.ily .Uonded to,.nd oiccnlod 
to noatniT J and di Jt wlch. "-' 

^T-Ponons in th e Int erior wiihing i 

nTo it done by fuiwardioe tbo Gold lo tho adit 

Ready for Casing. »8 

Eva"ry artlolo apponalnine I" loo bosinca rurnlihod at , 
M l '^i°»""'^E^"TKKi3^V\Sw° a ur BUX1.0U3 ~JQ. 
OOTS. JLrtttol in C I. i:i. 1. 1. <■>.•: .'■■ IT< >...? m«U «r oli- ^F ■<( 

..I fi!,i M , ili? 

■.i ijuci;*, (■.'! 


II... l.rivil'- r li.-l.: lin L . l-..fli.-.. l.h 

nork for Hb board and clolhea this winter. How | EWES,' 
dtHS it contrast with California? 
To illustrate, I will give you Ihe markets as 

Wheat sells for 75 lo 80 cents per bushel, I " Ai-"V.r'^i,a LRiuiViniii: anJ "li'SEX 
hard at that for cash. Corn, 30 to 60 eeabi. ^%^^ ^»' i ^:j.^-':'' n 
OatE,2Gto30cents. Barley, 50 cen Is. Potatoes, 
20 to 30 cents. Beets, Carrots, and Parsnips, 25 
to 3TS cenls. Apples, 50 cents to SI 50. Beef 
and Pork, S3 to SG per hundred weight. , Butter, 
20 to 25 cenls, and Cheese 10 to 124 cents per 
pontid. So yon see everything is ciieaj> enough, 
but almost out of the reach of the poor, became 
they cBo't get tho means to bny with. I like to 
forgotten Hay, which is worth iron, 56 to 83 per 
Ion. The weather — we have some of that here — 
thefroslheld off well. The first hard frost 
ihe 2 n ihof September. So the Corn matured well. 
The aolomn has been decidedly "cool," ond winter 
found us illy prepared for it. Be^un to snow 
Kovemner ItSlh, ami continued until the snow was 
Eixtcen inches deep. Some said two feet, but I 
thought sixteen inches was deep enongJt this time 
of tbe year. Not. 25th, nt 7 o'clock, a. h., the 
mercury was 10" below 0, and at daylight was 
lower ; but, in brushing the frost off the thermom- 
eter themercory rose some two or three degrees, 
but stood full 10° below 0, at 7 a. it— cold enough 
for November or January, or any other 
the year. Tho weather has beco quite moderate 
the week past, and most of the snow disappeared 

TJnion-City Plonr, 

CONSTANTLY ON HAND and forrala In 1' 
niuvli'i . ,■ l.v ■■■ Hl^ .-''I. I'- '.- 

SanFranolKO, 6=t-», 1657. [In], Davii 

Tin and Copper ware, Slictl Iron, Hardware, 

■3=0., &sG., 
Brlek Stocr, .Ixctt, aulialnh-g tnc Tl.or.lrr. 


r..o.l.if.ilvi.iihiifi'J .1 :::--! :i-.,'Iili.;iiii. I I'.-.'.lfio,-, !'.ir- 
lur, Air-Ti,ThL.,r,-l..lii.r ^Lovcs. _ 
Ui-ofji.r, '■■•■ry 'li.'.fi|'ti..n iluno lo ordor, ll 


Wiies you visit the States, remember " Oak 
Hall," tho Pioneer Clothing House, established 
in Boston, Mass., id 1841, where you will find 
every article of Clothing and Furnishing Goods 
(on tbo one prtci? system), necessary to 
plele a genteel dress, for the domestic circle, 
tbe drawing room, or tbe church. Tho stock is 
daily replenished with goods manufactured for 
the Wholesale and Retail trade, und offers great 
iiiiinc-iiL'-ntj to purchasers. 

Nos. 28, 30, 32, 34, 36 and 38, North street, 
BOSTON, Mash. v7-141y 

Sngar Beet and Chinese Sngar-Cane.5 

A l INI. ln-.i-i;o..r i.ejl <-f ihoabo.e, just rccolTod 
A. and tor «alo at our office. WAm iEN * CO. 

LC l.'-" V f'r.i 

All Fowl. lUpjml »iOi u 


I? H E 

100.000 ^^ 

10.000 ' 

40.000 ' 

10.000 c 

3.000 ' 


■ SKIiisrs ^i.isrrJ FTJES. 

onrt Block, Clay street, 

OTIS V. SAW V Kit it Cll., 

1.000 I 

Knhber Hose and Packing, 
leather Ann India itunnEit belt 

rdwaro; Ealrbanks' Platform and Counter Scales, 

Por Sale' by Bradahaw & Co., 

n 1 ;;.'. 1 " 


temperatnre ranging from 20° to do" above 0, 1 Jh' 'V .' ,".'"■' ,'.'.',"' ;,' ' V. ! ' ' 'j 1 , 1 "' U- 1 " imnroJ Ti "iSSv 

with some rain. But last night we caught a »■'«•«."—«.'—-..... v., ...... n..,h 

change- ll snowed old fashion this morning, and 
to4ay,al 12 o'clock, u., tbe mercury marks 28° 
above 0, the snow about four inches deep, and 
Boreas whistling away, with a fair prospect of 
sleighing soon. 

How soon will yon have a full Report 

Slate Fair, and what will be the pricei I will 

send yoo a notice of our County Fair, In our county 

paper. It is a small affair, and has the greatci 

chance to improve. It is the second attempt, but 

much better than the first. 1 hope there will be 

JcUy. In llni nnd glut; 

nitAD;uaw i Cl 

111 1 ; 

Notice to Pamily Grocers. 

W POLAJl OIL, "J b.fiofl 

Pan onil Unnaluttsrutdl. 

Son," li'i.WI f,l|..|:...,l C...-.-1 III! liM,.„.,h„l li, r, 

Sliced Applet. 

way opened to CtUlfomln, Tree from ocean f\(\ U A LP EBLS. oitra nioo Sliced Applet, „ n al lo 

, aadl*. ..1 Mama. a»™ ,„a,. I «>», """• a ,, c.^KUSl; £;„ 

perils andlidiau and Mormon depredations, wiib. in ' 

aRA\ r ES & SMITH, 




Stilis. Worms, Brew Kettles and Heaters, 

Lift and Force Pumps, Brass Work, 

iVo. 80 ./action itreet, 





Nu.l-10 NorL'a si'Jo. 


xk will And this opportunity a valuable ono, as ». 
oortispondtneo nith tho ptluoipil Sloclt Brocdo 

fA. j/arraa, W froi 


l-'.n , It; I. .tlflill.,, 

lento*, rUi/tutcc i 




Hardware, Crockery, Glass and Woodenware, 

AgricDllnral "^ggg^? and Mining 

* Pioneer Hardware and AgrieoRnial Emporium, 

rf.-.V I,. Mill.,," f., , , III,,,, Hh ill ,1, ■, i ,-.,.,,.. [, 3 U1. 

J. I I all',.. Ill,,l., |,, .|,,| ,,| l,|l,.,.1, J l,i|;,.f||.l|- |..,f,.T., Ir.'lO 

.il.l^imUfli.,. ^■Ul u tholrbll'| r nlia^uolTe°"i a o^«oulEiO" 
1. il.nb.crlfm. r<,m„7r id niter placet wltliaut li,r(.mi\n[ 

■i Iravlnj It uociUlod 

1" |f«f. Tllu Li tlfoVw™! i«tU(to otuMlidiisl by Coo(ri«* 


SJiBS) D ffl ffl S (B ID II 


%\t dUlifomii ^armir 

Br «'».i;Ec:i & OD. 

pnl.l (»r In A, 

Interesting Lottor from Mrs. E. W, FarahaM. 

Sell SFJiHu— J jr.-ni/arUfOrtmilWrHOoMlj. 

position is ono of (ho surest onions thai iho et 
which ho his heretofore opposed is destftici 
enjoy no early triumph. 

In my last I said a word aboot pictures 
present I would speak of books, if there n 
any worthy of mention ; hot that, you will rtat 
understand, cannot bo the esse, when neither I 
normy friends oro in the field. Tho holy days 
havo brought to tho gift-bestowing and gift-re- 
ceiving public much leu than the usual amount 
of elegant mnslin and gilt trash, along with several 
magnificently made books, tho outward promise 

[The annexed spirited letter from tho pen of 
Mrs. Farnham will aflbrd pleasure at 
"We should certainly exclude all political subjecls, 
oroven allusion to them, from our own sex ; but 
to a lady I and one who wields so ready a pen, 
If poets are allowed license, wo snpposo wo must 
allow full scopo to truth, especially when it comes 
BO innocently and piqusotly asiu tho present case. 
Whatever subject Mrs. F. may be pleased to touch 
upon, wc believe good will result from her re- 
marks, and therefore we bare faith to think all 
ear readers will peruse her letter with pleasure 
and profit.] — 

EniTORs FsnsiEii : I suppose you do not 
crave political gossip from your feminine corre- 
spondents, but really, in these days, one can 
hardly resist the currents which draw one on to 
speech, In that direction. You will hear no end 
of common -pi aces, on stale and constantly recur- 
ring Meteorological, Commercial, Social, and 
Tbeologic phenumena. Everybody can discourse 
On the clouds, winds, storms, feasts and their sus- 
pension ; banks ntid thoir suspension; Society 
and its suspension (vide Custum House Receipts, 
and Stewart 4 Hcarn's new Ledgers); churches 
and their dissolution, and recombination, because 
that multifarious personage understands them nil. 
Be has felt tho pulse of each of these old chronic 
patients, and given diagnosis of their case so 
Often that it is no longer necessary to go throogh 
the solemn mockery of looking wise or swinging 
the head with ponderous horizontal movementon 
approaching their couch of prostration. 

Kansas too was passing from tho acute inti 
chronic stage, at least among us anli-politici 
We shallow women, as we took up the Trit 
day after day, sighed or fretted over the m 

were filled with details, long 
another, which I solomly 
yon I navtr taw read by man or woman, and thai 
too if we did not say, why do they Oil tho paper 
with these accounts? Kansas really is not iht 
whole, world. Only ono or its battles is bejnj 
fought there ; and wo should like lo bear less o. 
that and more of some others, in which Border- oUlEr 
Buffianism is a little mitigated from the middle- 
ago mendacity end meanness of that typo. Thus, 
I say, we were beginning to feel about Kansas 
when Sir. Douglas kindly rejuvenated tho hW 
jesr-old— quite a methusalcmic ago for any ud- 
Milled question in this day-and set it up before 

of which i; 


n editi 

letters, o 



s own sex do not testify thoi 
n. When one considers bow 
ire charged with injustico and 

toward each other, with per- 
skepticism in regard to motive; 

i nope Mr. Douglas enjoys (hi 
of being thoroughly honest, manly and sincere In 
Uns. I hope ho has this consciousness safely 

sealed op In bis heart. If ho has, the fact '-' 

ncconnl for its universal absence from 

■ There may be a spico or wickedness 
will confess to you, Mr. FinHCn, my honest cc 
Tiction that women] t),a„ „.]„ 
Wise that Mr ~" 
confidence in 
Iteadily worn 

■ sistenl and bit 
which admit of qi 
of men, sein E tneni opprolu . h 
dition." I am not a partisan of Mr. Douelas 
new was, when the dementia moiety of ' 
angost Republic seemed anxious to beco 
huge tin kettle in his-hands, wherewithal 1 

-ears of the small nations of this great el 
, might have been conquered ; but I do not 
why he should he so universally doohted in 
Mw position. If withpropbetioeyehoseosi 
the Administration is ronoing counter to the 
"" E »" a E'owing sentiment of tho country 
-toe a„M he not rebuke and dissent from 
U.eAdm, nla tra, i o aiQ i imotosaTohinl5e1n 

team, what ,henJ 8wi h(J foo] . J 
^.antagonistic position, when no good can co 
Of It J Clearly not. One likes JZ\ZZ 
arm stem the currant; but whs 

beloved Bryant, more cosily and splendid than 
any preceding one ; but tho publishers, in send- 
ing out their gift copies, have forgotten your 
correspondent, and therefore her memory is not 
at this present enriched by thoir names. Per- 
haps Santa Claus, who enjoys a monopoly of this 
branch of the press business, could tell you if it 
was tho Applctoua. It is liko some of their o 

It is a pleasing feature of our holiday fcslii 
ties, that they hear the poor in mind, though Qod 
knows the roisters and merry-makers could not 
well forget what crouches before and beside ther 
at every corner and alley-way as they pass. Thi 
winter will bo a memorable one in the annals of 
the poor, and tho rich as well. After oil, humanity 
lindfcatcs itself in time of trial. There are men 
ind tvnmen at work, giving of their time and 
noney to relieve tho indigent and suffering, who 
lover before proved their earnestness in practical 
(Torts, and of whom ono could not have predicated 
;ny sneb effort. Only that thousands of poor 
ire the helpless victims of such couvulsioos ns 
lave shaken society out of its old footprints this 
iviuler, one could bear tho rough handling 
patiently, for the experience it brings, aod tho 
insight it affords ioto the hestts that sur- 
d us. I find my Iritoloua, fashionable, folly- 
iug neighbor, whom I hope to bo forgiven for 
ig considered it one of my greatest virtues 

with moistened eyes to a poor, shivering sisti 
who stands in the wintry blast, clothed in th. 
summer garments. No beggar is she; but hi 
gauze bonnet, fluttering dress and cotton dus 
cloak beg for her; and Mrs. Flaunt., meeting the 
on a January day, is led to consider if there is 
sensitive human form insido (hem. Finding that 
(ho watery eyes, the pinched face and the pnrplo 
lips furnished strong presumptive testimony that 
there is, she requests it to convey those frightfully 
thin habiliments to her comfortable home, an 
there she finds that tho waste garments of hi 
wardrobe, warm both heart andrramo,ond is be 
self in turn warmed hy a now emotion. Mr 
Flaunt sits down tu dinner mora than half bi 
ingthat life has salisfoctionB derivable froi 

point; seven feet of water can he found in the 
shallowest place, nt low tide. Tho coal from the 
Coast Hinge mines will he shipped from Patterson 
to San Francisco, and other ei(ies. Mr. Coleman 
has undertaken the Contract of (ransporling the 
coal from tho mines lo (he landing, bnt I have not 
learned upon wbnt terms. 

Yours, etc, Peteb M. Gabdkeh, 



■ lU:| li|.; li," l,.i.|. ;., 

'>-.-.■, it!. 

of tiny 


a (hoi 

We present to the cull 
o tho abnto Cut, 
profession. Those arc 

uable li 

ind tin 

e, are (hero; but 
inch in the way; 
see (hem with— 
ther to they have 

[and wise is he who tt 

o Btalwi 

( fall ; 

"and makes 
My opinion, and I apeak it 

«'th tho resistless 
- some port of safety; 

« feeling aklu ™ 
1 dm. ' S "'' lM ;- Dou 6' M . lf Should haply 

■Marowned „m i_ - . "*' 

log "P 'he iii 

next week we hi 
cades, velvets and all, (o ho < 
what of (bat. They are not 
and (hen she is getting oyes 

i (hem clearly I mean. 

been half concealed from hot 

ad pnrplo mist of splendor. It will at least be 

wholo twelvemonth from this January, 1858, 

before (hey will be again Invested with that. So 

bathankful thattbo lessotisof this dreadful 

ing oro not oltogcther lost; and for the 

present, Adfoj. E. W. F. 

Cultivation, of tho Sweet Potato. 
Messrs. Editohh : Knowing by reading of 
your valuable paper, that you wish (o di 
na(o a tree knowledge of agricuKura, and publish 
for iho benefit of the farmer, all practical info, 
malion concerning the cultivation of the different 
crops, I just concluded to request thai 
some of your correspond en (a, would gi 
ar(icle, in an early nomber of your jo 
(bo cultivation of (ho Sweet Potato, as 
in Sacramento Valley or other parts of the Slate: 
how thoy keep tl„i, K .„j , ],„„■ prq , aru [UD mM 
how far apart Iho sets are planted, and at what 

"""-■''■■'■'."."■l f inrvL-sii,^. n„l,I parser,:, 

*■■.. Any iiii.,!!i,au„n <:„„„,„ i, l|; that best of all 
potatoes would bo very acceptable to a few, if not 
all, of your readers. A Suiiscribeii. 

Wll tboso of whom (his inqoiry ismado please 
"■pond, and thus pe r f orm a puo | l c eood? 

We reoe.ved b, lost steamer, a large lot of these 
valuable Reporu. onu shall be happy (o forward to 
oH who may not yet have been supplied. Me- 
chanical Reports havo also been received three 


offer them in distributions, Iree. 

handi. i.f iho noil in Cal- 
ls ■ I . I of thoir 
! (ho weapons with whioh 
jin soil can bo inado to yield up its 
treasures, nod fill your granaries and 
boms nod your homes with loiurios. from its 
ih storehouse Tho spade, mntlook and 

boo, bnvo all heea spokoi 

wo pnblishud tho "Song of tho 

truth cohoes still : 

"It =ai cot tho timid, that won oar bc<t 1 

.i I i, 

it lie. 

today, will never bo foond Boat- B J"»«"">s-C''»rnp, S aoor 
and further, that bis present I """""I"' " ho| ae and 

mid wo Import. 
«■'« w ffood WIdm 
t partltalarlj li, 
inDrolhtr.. Froai 
hear tho bi|hi 

ULlilioquODnofiilli.on i «,a5-ltioii.iJobt,vi,tbnipa4o. 
And thus wo might sing of all tho vnriona im 
plements whloh tho cultivator of tho soil should 
fool nro his wenpons, and ho should feel an 
honest prido in using them ; feel that his em- 
ployment wns full of honor and dignity, nad ho 
should pursue bis calling, not for tho mere pur- 
pose of mating money, bat for tbo ndvoncoment 
of tho grant inlorests connected with tbo indus- 
Irial relations of society, (ho building up of our 
noble institutions, among thorn the homestead ; 
his own homestead should be made tho seono of 
hisohiofdosire, for thoro ho must louk for his 
highest ineontivo to action, nnd thoro find tho 
tst Toward for his labors. 

To this end wo would proaont objects of ornn- 

int, as well as utility. Tho above Cut eon bo 

sily imitated in California, ond (bo implomoutd 

of tho cultivator bo rondo in tho various ouri- 

ily formed brnnohes of trees that abound in 

: forests. Wo hope ore long to sen some of 

: formers with theso Gateways, thus fashioned 

tasteful, rural stylo. When wo aoo homes 

ornamented and beautified, we havo tho host 

proof that snob a homo is pormauout, nnd that 

happiness is found within. 'Tin l|,ou the 

iltivotor feels (hat there's a richer reward than 

»wnej can givo for labor,- for bo has found tho 

aim of lifo, happiness— and ho beholds, 

. A\d"«Xi'K£i wttrtffi"'™ 11 r0BDa ' 

The original of tho design prosonletl nhovo, 
forms ono of tho entronoo gates to tho beautiful 
grounds at Wedenotho, tho resideuoo of H. W. 
Surgoot, Esq., opposite Nowburgh, on the Hud! 
sun river Now York— noar tho Into residence of 
tho lamented Downing. The wholo arrangement 
ot this umquo place i« pioturosquo and beauti- 
ful, and wo hopo oro long to find such built on 
our Pueifio shores. 

WbHo our journals are filled with antidotes for 
tho onro of Iho misery and wretchedness wbiob 
has filled them with rocorda of suioidos, ond 
murders, wo woold say, let young men and old 
men q...t ..... .. f ,,„,„,,,,„ Qn|] du . 

"""'. '.'"■■ ' ■ '■ "■ ^ ■'-•ll<,r >|.,,,,/ „f 

•pavlatxm, and givo their wealth am' 

tta adorning ; of "homos;" then the, 

Id oooso; tho record of 


Latter from San Joaquin Valley. 
Wb earnestly commend tho nnooied vulnnble 
letter of our correspondent from tho region of the 
San Joaquin Valley. It shows some or the "hopes 
of the latere," and corroborates strongly the po- 
sition we have always assumed, of the "pk'nleou3 
crops" of the present year, and (ho extended area 
that will be planted tho coming year. This Valley 
and others of more or less magnitude, are the great 
resources for the future, and to them all eyes will 
turn for the permanency of our Stato : 

8m JuotfiH VU.UT (13 mllM frem SlocHon, I 

EmTDBaFAEiMEB; Since roy letter of Decembci 
14th, everything bos progressed beautifully in thi 
way of farming; peace and quiet pervades our act- 
tlemeut, and luip[.ii!..-~= r.. i^n.j -'ipri-mc around our 
firesides, The happy result brought about by tho 
enterprise of Messrs. Chamberlain Sc Gage, by 
boriug an Artesian well, has lent new hopo 
citi^na, Strang tli to their limbs, nnd vigor to their 
constitutions; each man's face wears a cheerful 
smile, and the right hand or fellowship is extended 
everywhere. The fact is, wo arc near water. Liko 
a baud of brothers, all ore pretty moch engaged in 
the same pursuits, and caob Individual's interest 
is common to all. 

I stated in my last letter that wo werenll sowing 
together, or adjoioiug each other, to save expense 
in herding our crops this summer. We still con- 
tinue to plow in the same way, and have lost but 
two days (owing to tbo ground being too wet), 
since my last. At this data wo havo 1250 acres of 
land turned np, nil adjoining, but part belougiog 
to each of us ; nnd I doubt if all California can 
boast of so great a wheat field. 

; sowing looks flourishing, and gi 
premise of a golden harvest. We shall continue 
to plow until tho 1st or February; by that time 
we will add 100 acra more to our now encoded 
field, and next Tall may add "several" bushels of 
wheat nod barley to tho Agricoltural statistics of 
Suo Joaquin county. 

The Artesian well referred to, is nn object or 
great Interest; not only to ourselves, bat to nil 
California. Not andesorvedly so, either, Tor should 
Ihe laborer meet his reward throughout the extent 
of San Joaquin Volley, as he has in this (which I 
havo not the slightest reason to doubt, nor does 
any ono else with whom I have conversed), it will 
furnish homes for thousands of American citiiens ; 
and, I was going to say, more agricultural laud 
(ban all tho balance of tha State. A man who 
has never traveled tho length and breadth of this 
Valley, would scarcely contemplate tho vast ex- 
tcnt orconntry lying between this and tho head of 
the Slanialnus river, 250 miles long and averaging 
miles in breadth ; nearly all of which Is adapted 

Condition of Agriculture. 
From our numerous correspondents wo select 
tho following reports: 

"Crops look wall in our county. Farmers havo 
;ot their crops in, in better time this season than 
isu 0.1 ; but they havo not plowed deep enough 
/et, though thoy have improved considerable." 

'Tho farmers in this county are up and doing; 
hoy are replacing Iho old brush and ditch fence 
vilh good board fences and redwood posts, and 
A tho some timo ore extending the limits of their 
ields i (hey build good dwellings and barns, 
ilant nrchards and vineyards,' cut ditches from 
he river for irrigation, &o., and thus Improve (ha 

Although we havo very much to encourage, 
heioore some shades that Hit across tho other- 
rise happy scenes of our agricultural correspond- 
nts. Wo hero give a tetter from ono of our sub- 
fibers who has been driven by force of peculiar 
ireomstoncos to leave oor shores. Wo give his 
letter, omitting some passages of a private nature, 
eply regret tbo loss or our friend, bnt there 
igb in the tone of tho letter to show that 
his love of California will bring him back sgaio 
to us soon. Wo sincerely thank him for his kind 
interest in our journal, and for his complimentary 
notices. Wo wish him a pleasant trip and a 
speedy return, and n better result in his next set- 
tlement. Our land-owners must look lo tho fu- 
ture in their plans; tho prcient gain is not al- 
ways best : 

Editors Farmer: "Old Settler" indited his 
former communication to you under tho reeling 1 
excited by a refusal of the claimant nf (be land 
now occupied by rne (o agree to any arrange- 
ment, gnornn(eolng to sell a portion of tbo claim 
at somo stipulated price, provided his Eorvcy 
should include my improvements, which is verv 
ibtful. He told mo bo "was in no want of 
money, and intended to let tho land lie till it he- 
ro valuable." Tho result is I havo "sold 
1 intend leaving tbo Slate on tho next 
probably forever. » * * • I B ball 
cherish an interest in (ho progress of 

ind tbe progressive development ofits 

I i for ilia, 

nt; but with apprehensions not uiiliki.-' th.ji-.- 
that hurried away tho rescued from tho doomed 
City of tho Pluins"— relieved, however, with 
thobcliof that tbo Farmer remains an efficient 
and vigilant sentinel over tho truo interests of 
tho Pacific coast. Inclosed is $5 for tho Fa nsi- 

Wayne county^ New Torlt. ° ~~ ' 

Yours, &c. Old Settluh, 

Tho Turkey. 
TniB noble American bird has now bocorao- 
common to every civilized oouotry, says tho 
Vermont Stook Journal, nnd tho morn widely 
known (ho more highly ho is appreciated. It 
would bo disgraceful to us as American Agricnl- 
(urists, and brooders, lo suffer (his splondid bird 
to deteriorate. That ho has already lost some- 
thing of bis size, beauty uud strength, it is evi- 
dent. Tho wild turkey whon full grown, weighs 
from ton to thirty pounds. Ho is a strong flyer, 
though ho does not readily toko wing. His Oolor 
Is not blaok, though it nuprunuhes very neurly 
lo it. It is a dark iron oolor, sprinkled with 
dork brooio spots, wbiob in tho sunshine are 
exceedingly rioh. Tbo oomb and wattles are 
' ltonsely rod. 

We aro brooding birds of less sizo than (he 
original, end ci.iis..quonlly of less strength. But 
tho evidence of deterioration is most striking in 
color. Soma persons havo hud tho lack of tasto 
to brood white turkeys nnd speckled, and a. 
faded dirty brown aro common. Such torkers- 

>lo pitiful look as compared with 

bad tho lUTitfj 

luoroasod, while , 

"Hand bo hornldod far and widu. 

record of 
prospi'ritj I 
id ghiry of 

Tub SritK AoBiouLtmuL Sopierrtt Kto-oaia 

The Beporta of the State Agricultural Society for 

their lost Fair wo are happy to know, will appear, 

though late. We understand tbey will be oat in a 

ten daw. Wo regret it was not Id our 

l ,n "' L ,V ,' 'T ! ,l " ■ n -'- ''"' i'-'u-dedto hove 

■ '"'■'"•"""' ! '"" '.HI, h-- J u(,fal., lt .. 1 llu-l, J tive 
of the science uud scenes connected therewith. 


I repeat my assertion, a Railroad Is 
put through, and that bo[bro nay of us suppose; all 
it lacks is a few more energetic men in our Valleys 
who willjiiieft in and toko tho bull by the horm.' 

Mr. West Van Benscoten, who lives twelva 
miles above hero, on the river, is rooking propara- 
(ions to bore another Artesian well. I tell yonj 
this Valley will bo literally filled up with wells 
houses, etc., by nest fall— that Is, this portion of it' 

'1 M'd.iijijliliu 

t already, Messrs. 

surveying a town, ■! 

ob old riter, known as Barns' Landing. ' 
town is called Patterson, in honor to ono ot 
pioneer Mtlll „ of g aa jo^^ or , hat QBm( ,_ 
lhe river is vnvfgablo for large vessals to that I bis 

inlly fino bird, which has „„„ 

brodout of him by luok of skill a 

Nature breeds on truo principles, and the bold 
gobbler of the forest freely hazard* hi, life i',, r 
tho favor of tho hen. Strength and courage are 
ruwardt'd hero ns elaowln'n. in uiiluiv's iwnu- 
my. Wo havo bred turkoys without oare. and 
wo are reaping the reward. Wo munt r, ■tniw 
our stops. Wo must soloot mulos that havo 
alio, strength and oourngo. We iqust huvc none 
Who havo not tho true turkey cnlur r],.qitj ah ^ 
strongly marked, with the rioh, cbojjgeabls 
gloss that gives so much beauty to thorn iii -.uri- 
sbino. Reject all whito-quilkd. brown and licht 
coppor aolore. Whon you have u li,,,. r ,,l.u r 
lii'i-p linn for yean: sulrrct y.mi 1 V -. [1S ,„, ,(„-, 
principles laid down, ntid you will see a rapid 
improvemont in your flnok, 

Ev.:rythini; tli'.t i- iv.,rth ,l.,i 11!? at oil is worth 
domgwell. Lot no ono think it loo small a 
mailer to reyairo tho master's oyo. Domestic 
I owls under good management are not only 
beau Jul, and u ijr.Nil ^uvi.i,i L1[ltu t0 B f Brmpr , 
but tbey nro highly praGtuble, B,..idr--, if n, 
farmer would really live well, ho ma,i i.iWuc 
- «fig», duokona and turkeys. 

California Hotts. 

ICopjrijhi Secured.] 

In California and tlia World. 


At tho lime of (be Tisit of Dartvin to Chile and 
the adjacent countries of South America, be re- 
lates of tho Grasshoppers as follows, at tho dale 
of March 25 Ih, 1E35, where br, is crossing, iho 
dry country which lies between tho cily of Men- 
doia, in Buenos Ayres, and the opposite side of 
Chile. ThiscountryassimiUtcsluerery essential 
physical characteristic, to that of tbo territories 
within tho boundaries of upper and lower Cali- 
fornia, prior to the American occupation: 

-Shortly before- arming at tbo fills* «d 
river of,, to thesouth.a £ffirf 
cloud of a dark reddish brown color. At first 

;;r.™ p of« "^ «.*■■* 

aortbwsrd.nud with tho aid of a light breesc, 
t W overlook us at the rate of ten or fifteen 
miles an hour. The main body filled tho air 
from a bight of twenty feet, to that, as it ap- 


of cartway comfits, and bundled together in 
clusters.' — *- a. t.] f 

•In thi J«r A- D- «". i™»»" "TT.C 

p . t „. b .,h,,,.,,,.^ rr -»'™,iE 

Iho Venetian territory 


d thousand feel above the 

'The sound of their wings w 
round of chariots of many horses ni 
battle;' or rather, as 1 should say, like a strong 
breezo passing through a ship's rigging. Tho sky, 
seen through tbo advanced guard, appeared like a 
menotinlo engraving, but tho main body «u 
impervioos to .sight. Thoj were not, however, 
so thick together, but that they could 
stick waved backward and forward. Wi 
alighted, they were more numerous (Ann the 
kavesin tkefield.aud the surface became reddish 
instead' of green. The swarm havi 
alighted, the individuals flow from sido 
all directions. Locusts are not an a 
pest in this country. Atoady.dnringtbisi 
several smaller swarms had come up from the 
south, where, apparently, as in all other parts of 
the world, they are bred In the deserts. Thi 
poor cottagers in vain attempted, by lighting i 
fires, by shouts and by waving branches, loarrest j 
the attack. This species of Locust closely rc- 
semble9,and perhaps is identical with the Gryllus 
snigratorius or Syria and Palestine."— pp.81 and 
82, vol. 2d, Harper's N. T. edition of 184G. 

Tbo account of tho Grasshopper and Locust 
given in Oliver Goldsmith's natural history, 
written about the time Clarijcro and his authori- 
ties describe the Loogostas of Lower California, 
differs very little from that of the Jesuit observers 
and writers. The Grasshoppers which visited 
England in 1748 {Goldsmith}, appear to be nearly 
the ssmo species (only larger), as thoso which 
appeared in Lower California in 1740; Iho kind 
described by tbo English author being 
inches long. "There is no animal in crer 
says Oliver, '"which multiplies so fast as Locusts 
and Grasshoppers, if tbo sun be warm, and the 
soil in wbich their eggs are deposited be dry. 

"When the Grasshopper is examined internally, 
besides tbo gullet, wo discover a small stomach, 
and behind that a very largo one, wrinkled and 
furrowed within side; loner down there 
a third, so that it is not without reason that tbo 
Locusta aro said to cnein the cud, as the 
moch resemble ruminants in ihcir internal 
formation. [This assumption, by later inqui 
is proved to bo incomer. — t.1 
"In the year 1090, a cloud of Locusts was 

stench, wbich cansod 

and beasts. — 

, in 1478, mow than 80,000 persona 

aaidto have perished in a famine, chiefly caused 
by tbo depredations of Locusts- 

•Locusts are ea.en in all the eastern countries. 
TW are parched over tho firo in an earthen pan, 
vhon ihoir wings and legs are fallen off thoy 
reddish, of tho color of boiled shrimps." 
Ciark, in his travels in Iho Orimea, says: 
approaching CutTa wo found tho steppes 
(grassy prairies or plains) entirely covered by tho 
of tho Locust, their numbers falling resem- 
bled flaVcsof snotv carried obliquely by tho wind, 
and obscuring tho sun. Myriads foil over tho 
[age tho horses and tho drivers. Tho Tartars 
informed us that instanecshad occured, of persons 
being suffocated by a fail of Locusts in tho steppes, 
they first Make their appearance, a thick 
dark cloud is seen very high in tho air, obscunoo; 
Wo found tboir swarms so immense in 
tho steppes ovor which wo passed in this part of 
our journey, that tbo whole face of nature moy 
havo been described as concealed by a living veil. 
They woro or two kinds, the Grittus Taitaricus 
and tho G. Migratorius. Too first is called " 
herald or messenger, and always precedes 
last,nf which it is neirly twice tho site. 
G. MigrotoHus has red legs, and its infe 
wings havo a lively red colur, wbich gives a bright 
Gery anpesranco to the animal when fluttering 
the sun's rays. The strength possessed by it 
its limbs is amazing. The Gryllus znridisimu* 
of Linnteos (and wbich isalso found in England), 
abounds near IboDon and tho Kuban. On what- 
ever spot Ibis dreadful scourge falls, tho whole 
vegetable produce disappears, nothing 
them, from tho leaves of tbo forests to the herbs 
of tho plain. Fields, gardens, vineyards, pastures, 
everything is laid waste. Sometimes their potre- 
fying bodies produce stench enough to breed a 

"When Captains Irby and Mangles were travel- 

bo southern shores of tho Dead Sea, in 

of May, near Sbobek, thoy relate: 'We 

i swarm of Locusts who were resting 

"themselves in a gully ; they were in sufficient 

numbers to alter tho color of the rocks on which 

alighted, making a sort of crackling noise 

) eating, wbich wo heard before reaching 

them. Tolnoy compares them to the foraging of 

"Captain Keppol, in his travels uround thi 
Caspian 8co, says: 'Wo traversed tho grand 
steppe of Astrakan for two days. On the first 
of August, near a Russian village, surrounded by 
cultivated land, I witnessed whi 
very curious sight ; a vast flight of Locusts, ex- 
tending fifteen miles, suddenly rondo their ap- 
pearance from the east in a huge phalanx toattack 
tho crops. My informant told mo, that in tho 
colony of Karass, when the Locusts came insight, 
not only all tbo inhabitants but tbo military turn 
out and endeavor to drive them off by drums 
and fifes, anda perpetual discharge of musketry. 1 " 
Tide Whilclaw's Goldsmith, 1649, pp. 480 nnd 

ordinary care, however, proved injurious, M ofler 
tbo birds bad cleared the islands of tbo Locnata 
and their eggs, which infested tho coffee plants 
tbo birds began to injure tho E «in ocopB and 
orchards, and cvon to kill young pigeons and 
other domestlo birds; on which, moans were 
taken by the Government to koop down their 
" y a measured destruction."— V id o 
Carpenter's Zoology, 1844. 

It appears, according to Whllolaw in Gold- 
smith (1845), that a species or Blackbird, similar 
to tho ono of California, is found in immense 
numbers in Southern Russia, in tho Crimean and 
Caspian countries; also, in Poland, the Holy 
Land, Arabia, Lower Egypt and tho shores of 
tho Mediterranean Sea. It is held in groat 
ration by tho Turks and Arabs, who wi 
Buffer ilto bo killed. Itincstlod tho Roso-colored 
Blackbird, and feeds on Grasshoppers, Locusts 
and, their oggs and larva, of which it can devour 
incredible numbers in a day. It was also ob- 
served in tho oolonj of the Capo of Good Hope, 
by that indefatigable naturalist, Lo Taillant. In 
tbo works of tho great Aldrovondi, of Bologna 
in Italy (15B9), thoy oro called Sea Starlings. 
No doubt thoy oro intended in California to act 
as a check on the increase of Grasshoppers and 
Locusts. The description which Alexander Wil- 
son has left of tbo red-winged Starling of the 
Southern Atlantic Stales (1810), agrees precisely 
with the habits of our Blackbird proper, and its 
companion, tho dun-colored Thrush; as thoy 
combine together in immense swarms in tbo sum- 
mer aud fall months. Tho mole of the California 
Blackbird ia of a glossy black, flashed with a 
green burnish in tho sun'a rays; itsoye is poarly 
white, the Inner part of wings colored, at times 
white, aud then change lo rose red; it Ib about 
ten inches long, and weighs from two to three 
ounces. The female is nil block in plumage. Its 
companion, the Thrush, is of a grayish, sprinkled 
and striped black in Ihe male, and in tbo female 
blackish on its upper parts, and dun color on its 
breast and belly. It is about one-sixth smaller 
than the Blackbird. 

Wilson estimates that two millions of tho 
Starling will consume tho enormous amount, in 
three weeks, of silicon thousand two hundred 
millions of tho eggs and larva; of Grasshoppers 
and other kindred insects. Thocombined ravages 
of such a hideous host of insect vermin, as Wil- 
son remarks, is enough to spread famine and deso- 
lation over a wide extent of cnliiratcd country. 
It will thus bo seen that in tbo order of Provi- 
dence tho enormous uumbcr of these birds found 
in California and the Rocky Mountain country, 
is intended as a positive blessing, for all time to 
come, to the people who may make iltheirhome. 
When these regions come to be filled up, in tho 
course of two cenluriea, with a nomorous popula- 
tion of herdsmen, miners and cultivatoraot grains 
and fruits, Iho value of this bird will bo keenly 
appreciated, and no doubt suitable laws made for 
its protection. An old settler informs us, that 
this bird sometimes becomes a great rovager of 
the grain crops. In thu valley of tho Pojaro 
thoy havo appeared in soma years in flocks of 
millions, and done groat injury lo tho wheat end 
barley, whan the grain was ripening. "This alED 
is an evil," but a much milder one than Grass- 

b of the pestilenc. 

s preyed opon by the ir 


Tbo Grasshoppc 
family of the lehn 
to Dr. W. B. Carpenter (1844), there a 
than 3000 species which i 

:i Russia, in three different places, and (mm 
thence to spread tbcmEclves Over Poland and 
Lllhudnia in such astonishing multitudes, that 
tho air was darkened and the earth covered with 
their numbers. In some places tbey were seen 
lying dead, heaped upon each olhcr four feet deep; 
in others they covered tho surface like a black 
cloth; Ibo trees bent beneath their weight; and 
the damage wbich the country sustained exceeded 
computation. In Borbnry their number 
formidable, and their visits ore frequent In tho 
year 1724. Br. Shaw was a witness in that country 
of their devastations. In the beginning of April, 
their numbers were so vastly increased, that ir 
the heat of tho day thoy formed themselves inli 
large swarms, which appeared like clouds, and 
darkened the snn. 

"In the middle of May tbey began to disappear, 
retiring into the plains lo deposit their eggs. In 
tbo next month, being June, the young brood be- 
gan to make their appearance, forming many com- 
pact bodies, of several hundred yardssquare; these 
afterwards, marching forward, climbed the trees 
and walls, entered into our very bed chambers 
and houses, liko thieves, and eating everything 
that was green in their way. Firo or water 
could not stop thero. A day or two after ono of 
these swarms was ia motion, others that were 
just hatched came to glean after Ihcm, gnawing 
off tho young branchts aod the very bark of Ihe 
trees. Having lived near a month in< 
tbey arrived at their foil growth, and threw elf 
iheir worm-like stale by casting their skins, 
prepare themselves for this change, they fixed 
their hinder feet to some bush or twig, or comer 
or a stone, when Immediately, by an undulating 
potion used on this occasion, their heads would 
appear, and soon after tho rest of their bodies. 
This transforming process lasted only eigbl 
minutes, after which they languished for awhile, 
but as soon as the sun and air had hardened their 
wings and dried their bodies, they returned again 
to their former greediness with an addition both 
of strength and agility. [This la the description 
of Iho Barhary Grasshopper or Locnst, which 
agrees also with tho Californlaa Jesuit account. 
Of tbo Barbary locust, Shaw says, 'lhat thoy de- 
posit iheir eggs in a hole in the ground four feel 
deep; ihey aru about eighty in number, of 


naturalists. "The Ichneumon fly 
with a long, sharp, film-like ovip 
which It pierces Iho body of tho Locusta (ant 
anologies), and lays Its eggs beneath tho akir 
where they live until hatched. The Grasshopper 
ist, but as soon as the fly 
undergoes its last metamorphosis, tbey either 
escape through the animal's skin, or olsa kill 
Iheir victim and perform their changes within ib 
body. Ono of Ibis species of fly, tho Pimpia | 
ManifcstalQT, is furnished with an ovipositor 
three and four inches long." 

There is a bird in India, termed tbo Graklo, 

which ia a great consumer of tbo iocuila and 

Its eggs. This Graklo, wo judge, ia similar loour 

Calilornia Chenate or Blackbird, wbich all know 

found In Iho valleys of tho Sacramento, San 

Joaqnin and the coast, as also tho Rocky Moun- 

ain countries, in such immense flocks lhat their 

warms often obscure Ibo sun ; they are Incredibly 

ibundant Eomo seasons in tho lower port of tho 

Sacramento valley. Thu inhabitants of India 

have often killed the Graklo to almost oxlormi- 

i, from their injury to young crops; but 

this has been effected, a great mullipb 

To form an idea of tho difficulty and time it 
takes to thoroughly study and describe any species 
of insect or animal, wo will mention that it took 
the celebrated French Entomologist, Peter Lyon- 
not, seven years to analyse the anatomy of a 
single insect, a species of Cossus wbich inhabits 
or affects the willow trees of France. His work 
is entitled the Traite Anatomique del a Chenille 
de Saute, and published in 1762, in quarto, wit 
eighteen plates, which were all engraved by hi 
own hand, with a minuteness, fidelity and ele- 
gance that havo seldom or ever been equaled, and 
which has been pronounced by tho Elder Ouvior 
a chef-d'otuvre both of anatomy and engraving. 
Tide Whilclaw's edition of Goldsmith. We 
may hero mention that the willows of California 
are affected with a similar species of insect, which 
may often bo seen on the leaves or tho treo in the 
shape of a brilliant scarlet excrescence, of tho 
size of a grape. 

October 28.— Addenda.— Afiat writing tbo 
foregoing, wo woro not surprised to meet with 
tho following curiuuB notes by tho author of In- 
sect Miscellanies and Transformations — London: 
2 vols., 1831. Wo have added some huntod-up 
facts and authorities of our own to these. They 
are entirely confirmatory of the Jesuit acco 
of Lower California, and the few notes wo I 
gathered pertaining to the Locusta of our 


id particularly 
tbo Locusta, as Ibe following from Buffon will 
aw : "Some of the eggs of the Locusta being 
accidentally introduced from Madagascar Into the 
French Island of Bourbon, they multiplied us 
prodigiously as to threaten devastation to tho 
country. But tho Governor, a man of superior 
iiiiclliguricB, learning the great services of tbo 
Grakle in India, bad a number of pairs intro- 
duced and distributed over the islands under his 
charge, which included Mauritius, olc Tbey 
bred very fast, and in a few years tho Locusta 

rminalod. The Graklos then br 
to dig and examine tbo nowly sown fields 
which the colonists, concluding that thoy ' 
devouring the seed, when they were in reality 
seeking the Locusts' eggs, look the ala: 
them exterminated by Government. 
years thoy perceived tboir error, for thu Locusts 
soon commenced their ravages again, 
the Government procured anew supply of Graklos, 
which were given In charge this tlmo to their 
officers; the physicians being instructed to de- 
clare their meat unwholesome food. Thla extra- 

Tho English Consul Jackson, whi 
ably known in tho annals of the American gov 
ornmont, by assisting our shipwrecked and en- 
slaved countrymen in Barbary in tbo early part 
of this century, wroto a work on tho lost named 
country, which is quoted in tho abovo Miscel- 
lanies. "Before tho plague of 1700" says this 
excellent mhn, "tho facoof tho country from Mo- 
gadon- to Tangier was covered with tho Locusts, 
who ravaged the whole region from tho confines 
or iho Great Sahara ; hut on tho other side of 
tho river El Kos not ono was to bo scon, though 
thero appeared nothing lo prevent them from 
Hying over. Tho water of tho rivor appeared to 
bo a barrier to their progress, for thoy wore pro- 
ceeding northward until thuy arrived at its banks, 
when thoy immediately turned lo tho East ; and 
iu conscqUBneo all the country North of El 
Araicho remained unravaged and abundant in 
grain, pulao and fruits ; exhibiting a. vory strik- 
ing contrast to tbo desolation of tho adjacent dis- 
trict. Tbo usual fete- awaited this desolating 
awarm : a violent hurricono drove them in n, olond 
into tho Atlantic Ocean, and the ahore was re 
dorcd so noxious by their carcasses, that it 

believed to havo been tho 

Frederick Hassclquisit, a pupil of tho great 
Linnteua, who undertook a. journey to Palestine in 
1749, Tor tho oxpross parposo of studying tho 
natural history of tbo Locusta of those countries, 
"Tho Locust is not formed for traveling 
the sea; it cannot fly fnr, but must alight bb 
as it rises; for ono of them that came, on 
board of na, a hundred certainly weru drowned. 
Wo observed, in tbo months of May and June, a 
number of tbeso insects coming from the South, 
nnd directing their conrso to tho northern shore; 
they darken theairlikoa thick cloud; butscarcely 
bavo they quitted tho ahore whon thoy who, a 
moment before, had ravaged and ruined the coon- 
try, covered tho aurfaco of tio sea with their dead 
bodies, la not this a provision of tbo wise Oreotor 
to destroy a dreadful plague to these conulrici 
For theyaeldom or aover deviate from theirconi 
towards tbo sen," The above learned Swodi 
traveler and savan journeyed three yoora in Egy 
and tho Holy Land, where ho died, to effect tho 
purpose of describing its botany, natural history, 
ond physical features ; his works wero afterwards 
edited by Linnams, and published under the patron, 
ajrn of the government of his country. 

Sir John Barrow, a. learned and observing 
traveler, and who accompanied tho English Em- 
bassy of Lord Mnccartney to China in 1702, and 
.fterwards Governor General of India, resided 
imo timB in tho Colony of tho Capo of Qood 
Hope, on which coontry he wrote a book indited 
tho spirit of a careful observer, nnd wbich is 
well known to literary men. Speaking of tho 
Locusts of South Africa, ho says: "It is difficult 
lo form an adequate conception of tho swarms of 
theaoinsectfl which in 1797 invnded tho interior or 
the country. In certain parts the whole surface or 
the ground for an area of nearly two thousand 
square miles might literally be said to be covered 
ith them. The water of a very wide river was 
scarcely visible on account of the dead carcasses of 
Locusts that floated on tho surface, drowned -in 
tho attempt to come at Iho reeds growing in it. 
Thoy had devoured every green blade orgrass.and 
every green herb except the roods. But they are 
not precisely without a choice in their food. 
"When they attack a field of com just como into 
thoy first mount the summit, and pick ont 
every grain before they touch tho leaves and stem, 
keeping tho while constantly in motion, with the 
same intent of destruction always in view. Wlien 
the larvre. which are more voracious than the per- 
fect insects, are on a march during tho day, it is 
utterly impossible to turn the direction of the troop, 
and this seems usually to correspond ioi(A that 
of the wind. Towards tho setting or the sun 
march is discontinued, when tho troop divides 
companies, that surround the small shrubs or tufts 
of grass, or ant-hills, ia such thick patches tbo 
tbey appear liko so many swurms of bees ; and i: 
they rest till daylight. To ellect their 
destruction, the farmers, at this lime, drive large 
flocks of sheep among them which trample them 
death. TbB year 1797 was ihe third year of 
their continuance at Sneuwberg, and ilieir in- 
had been more than a million fold from 
year toyearj but the district had been entirely 
free from them fnr lea years prior to 1734. Their 
former exit wes siugular ; all the_/u#-;*TOt«n insects 
driven into the sea by a northwest storm, 
iverc afterwards cost up on to the beach, 
where tbey formed a bank three and four feet high, 
end extending to nearly fifty miles. When this 
became putrid, and the wind was at south- 
east, tho stench was sensibly felt in Sneuwberg, 
although distant a hundred and fifty miles." 

Sir John Davis, Into Governor of Hong Kong, in 
his work on Ghina (1843), states that "JLocusfs 
are particularly dreaded In Nnrth China alter 
severe droughts. Father Bouvet, in 1G33, relates 
that in Shantung {between Pekiu and Canton) 
tho country was laid waste by a frightful multi- 
tude of Grasshoppers, called, from their color, the 
yellow insect Tho air was full of them, and the 
earth covered in such a manner, even In tho great 
roads, that onr horses could not move withont 
raising clouds of them at every step. They 
itirely destroyed the harvest iu this part of 
inntry; but for a league off from our I'm 
travel, all wns perfectly free." The ravages or the 
Locust have been nottil many times in the annals 
df China i ns Davis Hilda, "thoy are said to 
when gratljlntidx A.n-<r In .. n fnWiwed by a long 
drought."— Vide, vol. 2, pago 

That great philosopher, professor and traveler of 
Rossis, under Catharine, Pierre, Simon Pallas, ir 
his work on tho Crimea (1793) nppeara to havi 
carefully noted the Locusta, the known-of-old 
ravagcrs of thoso countries which ore at thu pres- 
ent time tho theater of sanguinary strifes fnr the 
objecta thai stimulated the bloody wars 
ind years of Christians and Turks— nnd 
)no of tbo primal objects of tho discovery 
of America by Columbus, vie : tho rescue of tho 
Tomb or Jesns Christ from tho bands or Infidels. 

Well, old Pallas speaking in his Russian travolB 
of Iho Locusta of Italy, indites as follows: "In 
serene weather the Locusts are in full motion in 
tho morning, Immediately after tho evaporation 
of tho duw ; and if no dew has fallen thoy appear 
as soon as tho sun Imparts his gonial warmth. 
At first, some are seen running about liko mes- 
sengers among tho reposing swarms, which are 
lying partly compressed upon tho ground at tho 
sido of small eminences, and partly attached to 
tall plants and ahrobs. Shortly after tho whole 
body begin to movo forward in ono direction, 
and with little deviation. Thoy resemble aswarm 
of ants all taking tho same course, at small dis- 
tances but without touching each other; thoy 
uniformly travel towards a certain region as fast 
aa a fly can run, and without leaping, unless pur- 
sued; in „bSch case, indeed, thoy disperse, bnt 

In this manner they advance from morning to 

evening without halting, frequently at the ml 

hundred fathoms and upwards, In tho course of 

day. Although thoy prefer marching along 

high-roads, footpaths, or opon tracts, yet when 

tboir progress is opposed by boshes, hedges, and 

ditches, thoy ponotralo through them : their way 

only bo impeded by the waters of brooka oi 

canals, aa thoy ore apparently terrified at every 

kind of moisture. Often, however, thoy endeavor 

to gain the opposite bank wilh tho aid of i 

hanging bnughs, and if the stalks of plant 

shrubs bo laid across tho water, thoy pass iu clots 

una over these temporary bridges, on which 

they even seem to rest and enjoy tho refreshing 

esa. Towards sunset tho whole swarm 

gradually collect In parties, and creep up Ibo 

plants, or encamp on slight eminonces. Oo c. 

cloudy, or rainy days, thoy do not travel. 

soon as thoy acquire wings, thoy progressively 

disperse, but still fly about in largo swarms. 


French Sliccp. 

gSttS, TJA1TSQ been intend la Imrartui; 
BBaTbreeJins FBESCn MElllSi. •Hl-V.!' L. 
T^Leral Tears put, I can now furnish Sli 
wn, cilbor iriii»-iri '--I, "r r.ii--.-! l-y uiyrplf froi_ ._ 
j r led i lock, equal lo enj Ifcat eaa bo found in this coon- 

r^iuanardednllthapriuion French Merino 

i «ur lr,-i >i>if' b'.iir; ami Ml llif iir-'miiitnaaniii 

iL-cli*--nf S ft ec [i ai "iir lff-1 Natior.-il t'.iir, oad the 

., rndiirao, Miaouri, l\i»™*ln, as 
[IaI Shore of Upper Ciimvlii, in- i Si" 
irdtd cllbor to Sheop railed hj it 

■ i rih'.'cr' i-iiiiod bjra " ' 

islf, 01 

i stock 

,.... n afullde5crLrlioni)r my OmL, .... 

[ io all arpllcanu. Information can alto bo oh- 
of tbo Editors of tbo CALironsr* Fabhbb. 

ior partoD. and SWn'dclivereJ in N. ■■- VitI:, fr 

irr-STPIELD, CJaWauoin Cmnrjr, NEIF TORS. 


-l;l l\LH)l! V 

IT.I.IMIIS"— l.y '■ ■Comet," (Imported), 5 roonlhi 

....... N.-ll, -if, . . . - • 

-br ■*Coma,"outo("f'>irr.. M (D«t 

idler, 1 year old, by "Comet," o' 



H. BENICK-Cirelovilla, Pickaway ( 

|->!ii.,-t"[ i |..i,.- iiti>.!.»i ,.st=otivo lltcc 

■ i ih... [k-iiiu.'RT-ii'in:-; cattu:, ■■■■ 

CHESTER WHITE Flo'i 9 pir *30tn 

I Orders promptly attended to, aod 
JodlE CinVmnnU/rrt lf7nlgitl**A cior 
Aiidroi, O. T. WOLLAJID, 



Wi:L'.[! -Ili:i;l' 11.7 inn- rations, and 
:h,,i ...f C-'l [,. i! JIujme), to as lor 

my laud nil 1 new romoaoto, InotTofTor: 

EWES, aad lororol BUCKS, for ialo, at frum $ 

9110 L-:- 

bo the 



.Vi,'":..'r , .'i.- '^'iri'ii'.'^iii uV-. 'Vn-i' b:~--i:x' l-ias. of Lho 

Eanoy Fowls for Sale. 

HLACK SjiinMi, p.-r l..-lj..roi 

li l i!lL(-,-i.„n.L.. 

oro nomcd Kowli u 


a collect again and follow their former route. 



■^ WO. 113 





Largo Single and Doable, and Bnita of Booms, 


Sliced Apples. 

50 D , A \ F BBLS - «"" n' r ° Siloed Apjdu, equal' 
"V, f ™ n - BRA1ISI1A1V A CO. 

The Viol or ia Regis. 

A FEW COPIES .;( li.i- |..-.u,iil„l l|..,-„-f,lr,iU]IU>Utf>' 
of M,K„„, „.. III,.,,:..,. .1 l:l ,|:, J- ..-: , ,::.!"'■. »' r 

Mlo 01 Iho OFFICE OF THE AHMEIl ,8.0 Franc' 



An American Reaper In Bwodon. 
We laku great pleasure in placing before 
readers tho following letter from Svitdeo, upon 
tin subject of Apiculture. This letter ml at< 
dressed to Dr. 0. F. Wiuslowat New York, froi 
» friend to whoso order ho bed shipped one of Iho 
famous American Reapers. Thojfrjf introduced 
Into that section of tho world, its advent end uf- 
it will be seer., eidfcd as much interest nlmOBt 
tho starting of Fulton'* Brat steamer. 

To Dr. Winsloir belongs tho credit and honor 
or rccom mending and shipping nn American 
Be*per to Sitedcn.nud wo surely rejoice to accord 
to him all honor. Our readers have often been 
&vored with tho deeply interesting leltorsof Dr. 
Wjnslow, and wo are now under deep obligations 
to bim for his great kindness in foToring us with 
this letter for publication ; we know all oar read- 
ers will bo pleased also, for this letter is of great 
imporUnco to all tho working interests of our 
country. We received a very cordial private letter 
from Iho same soured, and are most happy to 
know that the Oalifohnia Fahmeu is so highly 
prized in Europe; wo aro doubly glad for Cali- 
fornia's sake. 

It is proper to state that A. W. Lindgren, 
Esq, the writer, cultivates 800 acres of land, and 
his example In now introducing Reapers and 
Other implements, will do great good to American 
Industry. Wishing great success to our brethren 
the Swedes, we should beglad to bear from them 
often, as well as our good friend tho Doctor. 

this country. I told them your nation were tuo 
practical and wldo-awakotonso a tbin K that tbey 
did not find useful. They aro now shut up for- 
ever on that score. 

This year in old Sweden has boon very un- 
healthy, and particularly so this summer, on ac- 
count of a real tropical heat ; tho thermometer 
has been up as high as 80 and 30 degrees of 
Fahrenheit! and, if I mistake not, most of I'" 
time it was not warmer at Iho Islands. For t 
part, I can safely say that I never suffered mi 
from tho best at Labalna than I have done hi 
this summer. The cholera has norr, in a f 
places, taken a start, but I hope wo will soon | 
a change. September will soon set in. Wo bn 
had a Tow showers of rain and a great deal of 
thunder lotoly, which in some measure has puri- 
fied the atmosphere. 

My dear friend, I wish jou all tho happiness 
you and yours can enjoy in this world ; and will 
always remain yours sincerely, 

A.W. Linuohen. 

ir Statu 

M? Dear Doctoe: To your favor of the Blh 
last month I don't think I 

I have been so bosy during tho absence of my 
brother and tho harvest season coming on, that I 
have had no time for anything but tho work o 
hand i besides uaich, the arrival of the famoi 
Reaper gave the cream on tho top of all. Tti 
machine is indeed worth both having and seoin 
The wheat and ryo harvest was over when it a 
rived, but wo tried It on oats and barley. It 
works well, but tho Gold must be clear of stones 
and sods, otherwise it does not go so well, but 
■tops on being filled bell 
Tho Gist linn- we tried 

which the straw at the outside was n little short, 
so it just cut the tups off] and a peasant neighbor 
coming along tho road asked if we were thrash- 
ing the seed on tbo field? I told him yes, if ivo 
only could succeed. He stood gaping there while 
wo were Using it to cut closer to the ground, then 
I told him if he wanted to look on be had to pay 
a dollar for the amusement ; at which he stared 
and drove to his own dominion, sealing himself 
on thetopofawalldividingourlnntL Wostart- 
ed again and tho Reaper worked well ; then yon 
should bate seen him sitting on bis wall as wo 
passed close by, just like a Kanaka, month wide 
Open, and the eyes alaring as if ready to fall out 
and down in his lap. X look hold of the team 
and set the horses trotting ; then he could stand 
it no longer, started for his house, and out ho 
came again with Lib whole household, wife and 
children, and sent 10 his neighbors, and in less 
than no limo tho field was covered— each and all 
In their own particular, comical way, eiprcssing 
their astonishment. My brother and I wero very 
much amused at them. Yesterday and tho day 
before wo bad visits from all quarters round hero; 
farmers, overseers, baronets and dukes; and wo 
gave them a splendid dinner. They wero all do- 
lighted, and I eipect many will nest season have 
such a one. But the thing is they must have 
their soil fit for tho use of it; that is, have all 
atones, if not bigger than a nst, taken off the 
fields, and sods also. Wo are, to-day, having 
two carts and six men out picking stones off the 
fields which we, this fall, intend for wheat and 
rya; then we, nert year, can, withoat hesitation 
of getting the reaper broken, start in on a small 
trot, and it will indeed do tho work of fifieei 
men. I have remarked that tho thicker the grab 
and the more resistance the cullers hnvo to over 
grain crops, and par 
ticularly Ihe barley, aro thin, and it don't cut si 
well. It also cots bolter by driving in acirolo 

the horses by turning always olackon oif in their 

I foirnd in a hoi attached to tho inside of the 
reaper, a price note of several other agricultural 
implements, or which I wfsh yoo would ask Mr, 
Burrall to send me, one shell-wheel plow and one 
horse-hoe, fit to lake away thu weeds of turnip 
and carrot field.. Wchaiolalterlrslsned,on 
extensive scale, tbo cultivation of root fruits, __ 
being an excellent food for cattle and sheep. Wo 
tutve this summer increased our flock of thi 
latter to a couple or hundred. 

Among other things that I have been thinking 
of is a thrashing machine. Wo have one but I 
guess you havo some that ore more suitable. I 
havoreadio the Farmers' Magazine, from London 
that they have some much better than oura; but 
lhay are so costly that I don't want to purchase 
»ny of them. How much wonld one cost in ihe 
Stales, carried by two or three joko of o*cn 
thrashing 300 bushels wheat a day [ten working 
innra), clean it from tho straw, and 
fit for the market? 

Icipeet it may not bo too lato this fall b i, : ,i 
• vessel foraBy pa t t f this country or Doi 

'«, opportunity may occur early 

of the i 

should it, howi 

Inthespring. Also.ifjou (■■:, .. , . v , , . 
made oi yokes, I wish you would send mo one 
mm oowa, ironed and neatly painted I think 
"- "-'aforlbe- Islands 

those that c 

o from tho 

went more adapted for working tnc <-.■:, i , 
these wa use. It i B indeed eingul.r in all), M 
countries. Iho people in tcncral W„ .i. 

nolhing, without h 
seen it. So it was with tho r 
ms I was throwing awav m? 
"hy? Because those things ar 


many lol,l 


for use i„ | 

The Wont of tho St, 

The intelligent and thinking men off 
hovo long foil that a glorinus climate, nn in or 
baustiblo supply of gold, and tho richest nni 
most varied productions of tho soil, da not con- 
■ iilui'.' (i [irnsporous an u vigorous State. Othoi 
elements must ho woven into the testure, one 
other combinations formed to develop its re- 
sources, and insure its vigorous and healthy 
growth. Gold and silver aro desirable, 
sail and healthy climate, indispensabh 
truo; but what aro all of tbeso, without tho 
former? A State may exist, hut without 
latter, nover. 

To secure this population to tho Stato has 
long been the study of many of our best 
Nothing efficient has ns yet been done. Tho 
capabilities of California aro very generally un- 
derstood, Tho superior inducements held out 
to all classes of oar intelligent nnd industrious 
citizens, aro well known. For years post thou- 
sands havn bean anxious to go nnd Jnill with 
us. but, the high rate of faro has been, and is 
now, the great barrier risiug in their way. Thoy 
cannot pay tbo enormous charges demanded by 
tho Companies, thus far. 

■tYcio, more than over before, are tho oyos nnd 
thoughts of thousands upon thousands, turned 
to California, and five thousand per month would 
w go thoruif thoy could, for oreasooablo faro, 
safe ships. Ii the old Companies should put 
tho rare down nt a low figure, tho pooplo would 
bo afraid lo vontnre on their rickety old steam- 
Howover low tho foro, however great tho 
emonta to go, most men vnluo lifo too 
highly, to trust it in those gaudy sopulohors of 
so many ninny hopes and bright expectations. 
Years ago I have heard miuers, and others fur in 
the interior, say that tho Steamship Companies 
ro driving thousands from the Stnto, by their 
cidal polioy. Many have said to me, if 
;ld pot our families hero, for any reasonable 
co, wo should novor think of returning to tbo 
East. Hero wu should bo glad to spend i 
days; hut it would toko years of toil to a, 
igh to got them hero. So wo most roll 
tontly forego all the real advantages of a homo 
ore, and return fo our loved oi 
Every intelligent oitisen of California bos long 
splorod this state of things, and hoped for 
better nnd brighter days. More tban ono yoo* 
since, it was proposed to start a now lino of 
steamships, that would obviate all tho objections 
urged against the other linos. To tho surprisi 
of many this ontorprise was mot nt tho very 
outset with puerilo objections, urged by 
othorwiso intelligent and good mon. They de- 
clared that there was more population there now 
than was really needed ; that thorn wero many 
unoblo to get any employ there, and that tboro 
was no nood of any more people. Can nny ono 
suppose for a moment that if Snn Francisco had 
fifty thousand intelligent industrious citizens 
added la her present population, sho would not 
ho more thrifty and prosperous than she now is ! 
So if half a million could bo udded to yoar pop- 
ulation in tho Stnto, would not tho' country bo 
mere wealthy ond prosperous J 

Farmers, Mechanics and Merchants would 
thrive, new sources of wealth wonld bo discov- 
ered, wido nnd baforo nnciplorod channels of 
industrial pursuits would ho thrown opon. All 
this is wotl known ; yet men nro willing to soy 
that no more aro needed. Opposing intercuts 
impeded tho progress of the now lino, until the 
startling news of tho loss of Iho Central America 
aroused tho dormant minds of tho whole country, 
i hoped, now that the subject is again 
community, all its pluns, provisions 
igemouts will ho fully oxamincd, its 
vostigoted and its groot advantages 
»'"">■ q'ptBciated, and the goldon oppoi 
California now enjoys will bo improved to its 
fullest oxtont in every particular. 

Hare in Now York its vast importanoo i 
and tho enviable position oooupled by 
citizens is perceived fully, and tbo w 
among all classes, is, that you cannot seo tbero 
as tally what would confer u for creator honnr 

£"»?; <"">■".'■«' - i™. B b.,i ;;„" 

■l" ! I'-l [Mijiulalion. r 

M, U„,n, „„l iu E p „i„ ™ „'" 

eonjiamUnn of „„, „„„„,,, E , 

i oil tbo f. 

country nnd 
from our minus. 

By tho nest moil, I will send you my reasons 
why I bellovo that tho successful prosecution of 
this work will bo an immediate nnd permanent 
benefit to tho State of California and tbo world. 




Tmr m-_T jax_ <s jej jkk. -w ■ 


18,000 «*-*»» :*»H3 s . 

variety of Fruit aod Oman 

Suing determined to sail, tny price* ihill bi 
b u to Blvo Toll pntiifaclian to mj old cuilaro 
ai to uew palmar . 

-,* All Orders nil] bo i r- r>, r c ! v attooded 1 
Trow well packed op io bacdlu or boioi~a< 
(lie, and tbo dtstaaea thoy bavp In go— and 
froo oo board the Jleamor at 

r o a 

rMolvad the Fasi Ppehiui 
San Jo». 

My CatatotBD, iriTing a descrir-tlon of oaca variety I 
have lo rell, Md tfivicir Informatinn ebi.ul Iraniplanune, 
tho prices, ole-, cm bo bad at Iho Korcory.* Diroci to 

.. MyCouecttoaof 

is Stato Fair hold a 



S. BELADInKE, TH ci«y urnrT. 8m Frnoct«o. 
R. MCqiHEft, Sonora. UR. A.' yiEKIMCElTo. 



The Proprietor of this extensive nod noil-known 

■o pohllotaal ho hot for filo 

and vory choice dock of [ho 


".SCO ono ud two year old Coorry. ' 
JGesldcf a I area rlock of 

and about 20,000 Grape Vimj. 
500 lbs. China Sugar-Can e Seed, 

At St tta pec Pound; 

10 pound and a-hnlf being a great plenty to Eood 01 

Tbo Proprietor nltl noil bil Trees, Sosbos and Vices i 
fi oj any other rospon/iblo cursory ia Iho CGiialry. II 
California, nni ii therefore Imonn nnd rollnblo. 
c-j- am , r !:i nlllbi pi iraptlj M laSod io. Tho oi- 
asc of pacltiogood froighl nlll be charged lo iho oar- 




SAN LoitENZO xi itsi;nii:s, 


■■]■■'! I H l'l I 




2=3 itrnng plants of ote year's gronth. 22HS 
Hiicollocllooooibracoi oter Two Hundred diEoreat 
rrletlej of Fruits, tho snort of irhlch hare been grafted 
db beating trooi, and will be irarroDted Iron lo the 
,bel ; and all tho:e varletlei LbnL havo not fruited havo 
been selected rrith tbo greatut earo. 

All orders for Trees must bo accompaniod with thn 
cash, and directed lo J., San Lorenro Pott 
Office, Alameda county, or (o It. Kino, 15-1 Clay street, 
San Franclfco, aad Ihoy nil] bo prooiplly flllod. Bad Iho 
Trees packed in good order and fociuirdod aj directed. 

ist slalo oipllcllly by 

what coavayaoco they are lo bo seal, 

speaslole for them after thoy aro forn 

My Trees aro grono entirely withoi 

quonlly will bear tnmsploullog oo an 


Piices of Trcesk 


head. . 

' S"! 

Standard Trect, on pear 


„l.„ ru 



Oac year from grolt • 

Two y«r«' gromh, llrgo 
EilraLugoilio [dec ted 

, tralocd w 




New and Bare Plants, Tinea, tic, 

J Now Rothelle, or Lawton Blackberry ; 

(;,.i. wiWor Pa; l KK - 

rJmlilng bo ; f HeWl 

Tlaodcrer %J 1 J 

LSnniDUB Bhubarb; onenvorietr.orl^lnotrdlij MyiUof 
Unglaad, wlin liko orliilanl'.-'i tlm Vk-t.,rln, ,.i::\ c.,i -..III.-;] 

Conuord Orapo, lio. Ac 
Ti i.-- ■ -I ■- ■'. eLi: ,- . . -i u-^ 1: 1 ^ ; ,>r-i T anrfcoolconUl rlcMafomird 

Great Colleotloii of Strawberry Plants, 

nll Culliraton of Iho Strawberry 
jhout the Stale nnd Orogen, that Ihoy 

in g on all tics, hr the snlaodld iihi!.ii|,.[,, ..r j ■ r < , , t *h\ : ± 

hd°l/ of'san franoisco. "Way ann''o'iro'r'''th'ern "uTtho 
public, Blth Iho ai;tirr.nce that Ihoj nlll not only prove 

kiodi tho ptoseol 

julncribors olTor Iho following 

This magnificent perr 
all good Judges of fruit, 

inehes-and Iho nbucdnnl enp iV'vkli : , ll 
ccucially adopted as one of thn very bait m 

Whatever may bo raid of eihor varietfes, ihh 
frull should ho grown in every collection. It 

price. In tho markat^Vni fheTlrirlola^Sca 

Tli i - famooi 
nnd nono moto beautiful can bo fouod. 

M to 25,000 plai 
i tho undersigned 

■ In largo quaotitie, f„r making planta. 
riL-:, ;ia.l |..T,.i nI "L-hincordoraoffnim 
"salt with on very liberal 


Largo lire, oor Ju 
\vm be dure cd tti 


I Monthly ItoMa. oflM 
Kstuii Vila,, Jljnlej, Ei 

| , BSSn!*"li!ffi?M» Bll . 

tbouohL of by any other n_„ ul 
D ,^_°.r' 8 . ot ? u 1 lto "\ C "P C - Knndull n 

'tund|i ft>rth noknorrlndgtd by tha tnost Boieatiiio 

■■'■■' "'"RrontBst sli thus I , E r ■ 

— TfiUbdglaS 

country, . __ . . 

.rorld. ThouEactfi , ,,. ,.,. ,, 

to follovf whon ho may load. Ho u u oiliioo 
Slow, ajid ban Bnitotl patiently ' 
for bia follow oitlieus to load " 

of lovo, that will confer more benofita upon 01 


S^i.U JOSE. 
ji TIIE Proprlotom ofthiTnld-oslablished Nur-flj* 
poLrons Iho 

Largest and Moat Select Collection of 
ter offered in tltii State. 

At n,-,u„.,i Prteaal 
Tho PBTJIT THEE3 oQVod b rui are .11 grown and 

■' growth, Urge alia 
io Trees, sejudilt 


3 0,000 




Flour Mill, o: 

Tho .lock consists of orer savooty variolic.-, carefull- 
iloclcd. No paina or oipeoso has been .pared to oblaii 
io bejtsorU, and to render Ihoie Trees what Ihoy aro 

D. T. ADAalS. 


Seeds! Seeds! Seeds 1 

JUST received by Ejpro.'s.s largonjsartmontorrnai=n 
FIELD nnd aAKliHN SEEDS, nnd will eoniUinilT 
i by every o.proiHjfor Iho eeaioo, from tho btat 
J io tho Allnntio Statej, so that pnrohawn rnav 

. I t., j-r.-inr-My nll...ri,lcl k, ,,nj f..(lhfullj oieoond 
I.|I::t,i|.1l, 1 -,.,,c,i ru,.l,. in I.i:, L ,:,,.,. i: il , 3 |,. lll . f ,,.. 1 to iranioi desiriog (jtne. 
Ooioo loodj— lied, White, .ind Yell hit 
Cabbage, of sorU. Carrol, o( sorU 

Dtel-Largo White - i t ■: . L r. r , h.- 1 Mnogolir.nw], 

Molooj.ofiort,. CuooraherE,.if!or , u. Etc.. o c ota 

Pr*s-oilraE..rlT..,:-,i,i:, T ..r,t l:! ; ,.L. 
E.Ira Eoonj of different klnda 

Bnurr seeds, of all bind.. 
Inrr .-.-,,],, .., .|,,k„ r ,, lv ,^- 0as0 Orange,. Black 
Locnjl, Houoy Locus I. 

, Bed-Top, 



3,000 CUEnjlY TREES, o 

Ai'itri'tir-. ,iiT5rieUnL 

1 year.' old. 

aiow Otawl,,, tMbdU, awcor^iot; aaJ/orelsa^ 

lavoaean bo obtained on application at tho Nnr- 
eery, by niall or oiherwiH. 
AU orders from a distance carefully attended la, an- 
ronh^.urchlf^^^^ 110 ''^ 5111 "' 1 ' 1 ' 00 

Explicit dlroctioa, f ur a, a, kinged' shipping should 
company each order, ondwhen porlicular varieties aro 


anted, stato noelUcr aad lo whaL oilenl other, roar bo 

SaSfb S" '"^ ""^"Vro'por "pC 

B| E?"Thc »bo 

-Iffcu, fa Sia rioocl.tD, c. IF. LacoDMi. 





H^ THE undersigned tvisbes lo call. 


Also a choice lot ..f h'AJtJJEX unit GJIEBN- 
HOUSEl'I.AXf's itusi;* SllltUIJS u>c 
Comprbilng all of thoVory Den VoilotleJ of C B lUvBtod 
rvi.E. ir.iB rR.irti'i-i.iru xrrtrjnner m,i 

■-ui. <•„:.-,:,; i, in.,,;,..,,,,-,;., y-JFtarsFFs. 
aoosssERiti j i fl HASPB/mr" 

Togolhotnllh a latg'o lot of 

(tondrUnjr Injart tfSlMk iridwt,' rfa7l™h Wain. 

'■'■ ■<■■•■>" Silt), Shall-bAik B ry, i... iy 0l , 

Willow, Locct, Sugar aad Silver ilapli, .So. 
Grapo-viLM of all tho Htut roroign and Native 

grafttiK tho^sLuo't i"'^'' "° °" h ' ai ' i "" 

tics now oelllvaled"n the VniSd 8UtM ^o'd'Eurono" 'all 
I. groniti^ aod_ a largeni..].,r]ty ol nliich 


No. 110 Oalicorkia srnEET, 

(E-Uhujlied Iu IBM:) 

...m ui .,. ji .■,i..,.iil ,1 Lo, liMMH-tiinlly 

Xz's'tS:: b i,;s. B sv :;i 

C 01 ™' oadl,lolu W hi) altoady large 
Fiald and Garden seeds, Flower do., Frnita 
■*- , Tree tcada, Canary, Hemp, Millot, Earn 
and Maw seeds. Herb (soda, French 
Sugur-jiBet seed, Cliineso Sugar-Cane seed 
DtrTCn DUleoos ROOTS. »nd other l'LOlVEKJNo 
"bleb ho offers to Ihe Farmers, obd 
col the ..a l-rin.; II; 
mpaUUoimr this iiMH.-o ,-ifuriii-li 
cao bo prooured la thn Eastern Si 

at Ne"l^'l,.So = n , N'Vvorl. ^^""''"t'i"'" ShiSmi 
,.u D— ^"'"•'"'•'JtilniE small papers of Seeds for sara- 


fhToUli I iT'tiTi!"'*™ " f F1< "" rSl!0as forwarded loroogh 
alt^i,, 00 "' to***<* "PPlicallon, wlih price, 

ho trado through. 

be i be ! l'seedS'lba'l 
and Europe, Is a 

i nholeiale and ro 

'. afOORE, 
r In Seeds. cJc., 


'ifl, thrifly and "of large KwsVlTo 

Wo"i.on°| k |^rlku'la , r i atlontlontoourlargoi 
Apple Trees, whlcli U„ ,:,.-„, „r ,;r.,,„l, ,„„j L . u - 
'-.-- -moot be oicollod In tho Stato, 

lock of Oordon and Greenhouse Plant, 
varieties A 

ill hat 


CATALOGUES oontslnli 

<y.i-A!.-mi i:-.v"'^'" l "-'afullll ! tefalUhovarIoll=, 

""'•," <"■■[■>■ '■'"'-'■■" ' '•■■■■!.. 1 :■■!.:. ■,:-. 

^r^ D u U »uo.Ve',l""l!l. .'"''' '■' '""- 1 '" '■■ 

i. TUOMPflON, « too M, 

-' li'iiiil'lii" , ■',?!, j"nc™Lnd^i?'«lIJi 

To SeBdsmea, Planterii, &c. 

»"...i ■■ !„■' ; , i"i,n ,""'■'' "■■""'■ """ , ' 't ,,-i 

iBHV, wry eholcoi 


JU tloo^lyioiirapL, 

N0 "ro M fc,rr ,|m ,i"-' '''!"'■' i'-^. Green FIo^ 

Cnentubori— Walker', aiaiblrr M.neht 
wor Seeds— How Bafauu, Gcmuin / 

'"fl™ te^c i ilt n Tr 1 oo ™ n f UC^tll, Tl ' 
FiSt^rw&'X 1 ™ ' "'"' Quln " , 

nliu/nol In i 
IBN * CO, 

Garden, Field and i i., lv , > Seeds. 

U. Importer nod uViuVr In sjg!t 

foreign and Domestic Seed,, 7\ee,, dfc 
No. 00 J itreet ' "arohnu.o. 


Frn^^ dD /| n, r, Ficl ''' P'"^"^ Tree Seed., 
bruit and Ornamental Trcca and Shrubs? A-c. 



tj.|u; &alifonitit__<fw^_ i 

_$■ the Prisoner*. 

We desiru to call public attention to the «ub- 
i K t of the Slate Prison, and the disposition of 
0U r convicts, without repeating anything which 
has been written or published on tbo subject hero- 
I wo consume time nod space 

The Flour and Grain Market 
We present web. pacts in this issue ■"> ' 
ivolo bo reliable, and as wo havo ■"" "' 
reat thnn tho public good— hi 

''otc Wo have 
. . , . ■<..„, was n sufficient 
.over doubled but that tbero waa « 

i party 

,„„ ..o dollars and cents " 
!o shall begin with the assertion 

ably and justly said, 
ti, in bis Message, nod 

tofaro] nor would 

quoting what has been 60 

both by Governor Johnso 

also by Governor Weiler, ii 
both of which wo would rofc 

In tbo Erst place wo would suggest 
present Legislature abolish tbo present Pen ■en- 
•• „ .. San Quenlin. Secondly, let tbo Lcgisla- 
^now in session charier .be California Pacific 
ud Atlantic ltailroad, from San Francisco, m 
Santa Clara, San Jose. Monterey, Los Angeles 
and Sao Bernardino, to tho eastern boundary of 
the Stale, to intersect the great National Pacific 
and Atlantic- Railroad, which Congress will.-' 
its present session, charter, 
built' Thirdly, lot tho Legislature pass 
laws as will enable the State to put the prisoners 
(conTicts) to work on said road, under socb regu- 
lations and restrictions as may bo found necessary 

t that the 

„■!(.' '.! 


i In which - 

To give some idea of tbo plan 
should accomplish this great work, wo will hoi 
state in as brief a manner as possible, tho way 
in which wo should work the five hmtdi 
xicts on said road. First.hnve tho road surveyed 
and located; then build fl> 

.1 San Frai 
San Juan, and i 

io at San 
o others bolot 

t tbo 

I. but 

a shall oi 

„ .eports from Napa county, .rem ™ — 
or ana tbo real harvested crop-as reliance 
be' placed upon tho warehouse reports, as re- 
tried in the »■!» Reporter-make a difference 
,f more than two-thirds, there being nearly three 
few tbo crop harvested in that county tha 
cportcd ; and it is so in many other counties, it 
.eing impossible, from tho manner in whie 
ou, reports are gathered, to give the wbol 
rop of tho Stale. _ . 

Since the recent rise in Wheat, from winch . 
based the speoulotion in Flour, itnoeds no wist 
that tbo exorbitant price now quote 
and tho price nt which Flour is now held, the 
legitimate rise ; it is muoh above its 
and wo ore greatly mistaken if tho 
21 end 3 rer oent interest monoy paid, does not 
affect tho prico tho wrong way for the holders, 
by tho sailing of tho steamer tho present week, 
tho 5th— and wo haanrd but littlo in guying, 
that Flour can bo easily purchased by March 

Wo make no boast of oompleto knowledge of 
overy lot end paroel in tho market, nor would 
-» attempt to givo, li'ko soma of our journals, 
of barrels on hand, and the 
on; bat there uro 

amount required for 

'staken that indicate a want of 
mt moment. 

most suitable points. These stati 
temporary, and only to serve unt 
" completed to Ihcm, when they should bo moved 
forward, and again used in the samo way. 

When you have thus prepared your main sta- 
tions (tbo labor all being done by convicts), lot 
tho superintendent (wo would have no con- 
tractors), lay down a skeleton track on said rood. 
On this track we would build iron cages, or cala- 
booses, moveable, to servo as guard-houses for 
passing the prisoners from point to point, and 
from their work in the day time to their main 
station where tbey may be subsisted, and 
guarded during the night by such guard as tbc 
State may find necessary. In this way tho men 
can be dispatched to their work On tho road in a 
very short lime, by which means they can bo 
worked all of ten hours per day, which will give 
sufficient time la attend to provisions, camp duty, 
Sx. In this arrangement yeu lyitematise the 
labor of the convict, working hiro in the open and 
pure air ten hours in tho day, which will give 
him ample time to attend to his private 
such as washing, cooking, reading, or such Other 
exercises as may bo found necessary for 
amelioration ; fur, disguise tbo fact as wo i 
Ibis shoold bo the main object of a Christian 
plo, to wit, to improve and reclaim the vie 
We are firmly impressed with tho belief that if 
this system shoold bo adopted, that you wfl 
cot only save the State from tho loan of millions 
of dollars, but in the end it would be found that 
the convict, after ho shall have worked out his 
time for which ho was sentenced, ha would have 
acquired such habits of industry and eloso appli- 
cation to business, that, should he survive his 
term, ho will not bo ashamed or afraid of work, 
but could and would go forth able and ready ti 
earn an bonest living. Besides, you remove tht 
facilities for their congregating together in idle- 
ness, for the purpose of concocting mischief or 
planning escapes. 

With five hundred able-bodied convicts you 
would be astonished to sec what amount of work 
could be done and road built io the coarse of 
twelve months. The rood would run through, 
for the most part, agricultural districts, where all 
kinds of vegetables and meats could be had in 
great abundance and cheap. We are satisfied 
that in a very few years wo could nut unly ha' 
completed tbo great national road from Si 
Francisco to the eastern boundary of the State 
say San Bernardino, or Fort Yuma ; but event 
ually we should bo able, with tbo samo labor, to 
havo constructed a railroad from San Francisco 
o City, thenco to tho Utah 

north, to 

built to Si. Louis. Hot only thi 

want a road to tbo Oregon line. 

We do not soy that all this 

which "ill bo 
but we shall 

in bo dons nt 
s begin aright 

in us uuiuuuu iui! fiiKin trrruni-i-jii - SUil'jill, 

and adopt, as we believe, a wiser and better sys- 
tem i for, as society Is now organized, we tear 
that the time is far distant when we shall have 
a less number of convicts at the charge of the 

Wo aro glad to find that both Gov. Johnson 
and Gov. Welter recommend the abolishing oj 
tho present State Prison system. We have read 
their views and statements on the subject. Wo 
trust that wo havu staled our views in such a 
way as -la awaken duo attention to tha subject, 
and hope the present Legislature may bo enabled 
to digest some plan by which we may get clear 
of the present ruinous system, and adopt this or 
some other, which will be more in accordance 
with the times and age In which 

Ooh Soa.catHEBB Burr.— Those patrons ul 
tho Farmer who have ordered it sent to their 
friends East, should bear in mind that when the 
time of their subscription is out wo stop forward- 
ing until the uew subscription (s paid. Such 
persons as have been receiving tho Flatten from 
tbeir friends, and who do not continne it for 
them, should remit to us if they wish tho paper 

confidence in tho holder at tho pi 
and our only or chief ortro is. that tho producers, 
the growers, may not havo been led astray by 
false hopes, and thus suffer loss. Wo advise 
them to sell how. There is a cloud in tho East 
"no bigger than a man's hand," yet it will si 
show its power, nnd wo pity thoso who fuel 
grasp. Wo can give tho names of parties 
several cases, where thn uso of Flour bos nearly 
oeascd; and several instances, whore oven tho 
sellers bavo cautioned their custom to purchase 
small quantities for a littlo time. Wo do be- 
lieve there is amply sufficient in California far 
i, and wo know Oregon con spnro a 
generous quantity in coso of need ; and ns we 
have before said, oar people can live well oo 
lorn meal, barley meal, riee, hominy, oat meal, 
lolatoos, fruit, game and fish, Gan our people 
.offer famine with such a market as wo havo ? 
Wo repeat these things, to show the impossi- 
bility of any suffering arising from any Getitioni 
price that may bo demanded for Floor, for none | 
aro compelled to buy at suoh prices as to cause 
their suffering. Wo will givo a few foots, that 
havo come to our knowledge within tho past 
week. A dealer, well skilled in trndo, remarks 

to parties that Mr. is buying up all tho 

Wheat ha can lay his bands on at 5( a 6 conts; 
and this report goes from mouth to mouth; tho 
warehouseman, wishing to retain storage as long 
as possible, reports to hie man those foots and 
urgeB him to "bold for higher prices," thereby 
receiving mora income; he may honestly bo- 
liovo it — and tbo grower may bo induced to be- 
lieve it, and "holds to bis loss." 

In tho instance above alluded to, it was widely 
quoted, and as the party named was using con- 
siderable for milling, it was believed ; but what 
was tho resultl Another party, wUliiri- to .-ill. 
calls upon tho party supposed to bo o good 
buyer ut high prices, and lo ! lie, himself, is in 
e market a seller — and tho second party was 
ad to End a market at 51 conts. 
Another instance : A party Came to tho city, 
behaving he could reulize G conts, hut wo were 
informed by him lost week that ho sold at SI lo 
Sla. Another seller came with a very large 
amount, some 10,(100 bags (wo givo it as report- 
en to us), and expected Co, but wo could not 
leom of sales or offer over 5io. Wo givo as re- 
ported to us, and wo do not really heliovo sales 
to any amount, real, bona fide sales, could bo 
effected for cash, and that Is the test of valuo 
for aver 5i to 51c, best, nt this time. Neither 
can we learn of nay large sales of Flour for 
cash at anything like tho quoted prices. 

Now we believe tho cause of tho present rise 
results from tho Tact that moat of tbo Wheat has 
been sunt forward. Yet ihero is much behind, 
and spec u Into rs believing all has come forward. 

Plant Wow. 
Wb hear tbero is o groat furor in Saoraroento 
county among tbo Horticulturists, and that more 
trees will to planted this season, than all that 
have been planted in former years. Tins is wol . 
Wo rejoice to hoar it. But, say thoso who soil 
trees, this is owing to tho great oompeUUan 
among tho Nurserymen. Everybody goes to 
Suorumonto lo sell trees, and they have rumed 
Iho trade. No! not ruinod tho tinde, but por- 
haps Oiemselves. Tho true legitimate Nursery- 
man, one who enters not into this strife, one 
who pursues his true coiling, goes on quietly i 
plants, huds. grafts, raises his trees, will find 
no difficulty in selling well grown trees at lull 
prices. And if in any strife or competition, 
hucksters and peddlers scatter tliair picked up 
commodities, and these are planted, it dees but 
little barm ; suoh stuff soon, dies off. and th> 
tho trno Nurserymen is appreciated, nnd h 
sleek will bo duly appreciated. . 

Tho present furor arises from tho fact of 
forcing Inrgo quantities of troos at auotion, and 
otherwise, tho half of which aro nut roliablo; 
but this low price stimulates the purchaser, nnd 
ho thus acquires a tnsto and interest in planting 
nt the present; nnd hereof lor ho will learn by 
his osperionoo that cheap feci don't faj— ho 
has to plant over ngain-tho nest time, he bays 
gnod trees of tha regular Nurseryman. 

Among thoso who have dene a regular and 
prosperous business thus far, we are hoppy to 
learn noao stand higher than A. P. Smith, Esq., 
of tho Pomologiool Gardens, Snuramento. and 
his trees aro indeed worth planting. Trees also 
from tho Nursery of Mr. Bell, and of Reed 
Brothers, on tho Washington side, hi 
great credit to these gentlemen, and wo rejoice 

Plant trees! Planttroosl! all— but plant good 
troos ; hownvor great tho furor, or however 
great may bo tho error of thoso who unadvisedly 
purchase ohoap trees, because they are clrap. 
Our glorious Stato is progressing, and this is a 
source of unalloyed pleasure to us. 


the most elegant and fashionable assemblies that 
havo beta held tho present season, took ploco at 
the "Rassette," on Monday of last week. The 
large dining hull of this hotel was literally crowded 
with beauty and fashion, and with tho intellectu- 
ally gifted. We have never witnessed at any hall 
or party in our city, so truly elegant, tasteful nnd 
chaste attire; nothing oulrt or nnhecoming. 
The music was most excellent, and dancing was 
continued to a, late hour. Beaming smiles, happy 
voices, merry hearts, with abundance of the "good 
things." gave a zest to enjoyment. To the Ladies 
or the Ras5ette great credit is due for the success 
of this happy affair, and Mr. French must have 
wiinessed the result with jost pride nnd pleasure. 
Oun Aoeht in Saciiamesto.— E. B. David- 
bookseller, on Fourth street, near tho post- 
offlcc, is agent for the California Farmer in 
Sacramento, and will bo supplied with papers 
every week. Wo invito our friends and pair 
to his store, which is largely supplied with all 
tbo periodicals of the day, where they can be lib- 
erally nnd well supplied at moderate rates. Tho 
Farmer will always bo found there. Subscrip- 
tions by the year and advertisements will bo 
received by Sir. T)., who will promptly forward 

STnAWDEnnv Pplastimh. — The present is a 
good time to plant Strawberry vines, and if now 
planted correctly upon good soil will produco a 
liberal crop the present year. Among the large 
and prospciuus growers of our Stato, nono stand 
higher than Messrs. Woir, Lusk & Co., of Oak- 
land. They bavo a stock of the very best vines 
and wo can cheerfully commend them to out 
readers. Seo their advertisement in nnotbe 

Hotel International. 

San Francisco, an a city, can hoist of a goodly 
numbor of hotels; wo have them of all grades 
and In abundance, and wo have many most ex- 
cellent hotels, of which we havo often spokon, 
and to which we have repeatedly called the at- 
tention of tho traveling public. But our pur- 
poso now is to call tho attention and inspire a 
Iruo and correct opinion in tbo minds of all, f nf 
and near— thoso who visit tho city often, or those 
who come but seldom— to a hotel that we feel ap- 
proximates to the true standard o( a first-olass 
hotel. Wo havo traveled some, and wo can judge 
lo a pretty good degree what U and what is no, 
sntisfactory to tbo traveling public, and havlnj 
visited the various hotels of our own city and thi 
other cities of our State, wo do not hesitate f 
say tho Hotel International stands pro-eml 
nent as among tho best, if not Hie best, io ou 
city. Tho proprietors, Mr. nnd Mrs. Haley, or 
so well known Hint to name them is a guarantee 
or that attention, courtesy and kindness so ac- 
ceptable and gratifying to all to wish lo ha "at 
homo" at a public hotel. This Hotel Is marked 
in its various departments by that air of olo- 
ranco, cleanliness, order nnd quiol that givo to 
iho visitor a peculiar pleasure. The parlor, as a 
reception room, is not surpassed iu tha Stole; tha 
dining-hall is large, airy and, whal is >'l ptimary 
importance, cli^iruly aim ml. nil in [rood things at 
eating lime ; and no holol in iho Stale can sur- 
pass tbis one in the excellence of tho table. It 
is only needed, however, in support of what we 
have felt it but just to say in regard lo this hotel, 
to refer lo its litt of visitors mid patrons, which 
cin lo found in another part of our paper. 

Wo can also refer with much pleasure to the 
"New Year's Festival" which was had al the In- 
ternaliunnl. Mrs. Haley and tho lady boarders 
received their fronds in the parlors, as was the 
-""otn ; and nn that day over five hundred viti- 
fcaslcd from Iho most sumptuous tables that 
j spread before llicm. Wo believe all who Saw 
thoso tables will do this hau*o the justice to say 
they were incomparable. Wo therefore say to 
thoso who visit the city, and to now comers to 
bright shores, the International is truly wor- 
th i- your attention, nnd Mr. and Mrs. Haley will 
,nd the other co-actors, associates 
, Messrs. Robinson and Nicholson, 
will do all iu their powes to offer you a cheerful, 
contented nnd "happy homo" ot tbo Hotel Inler- 

Troadwoll ft Co.'s Agricultural Warehouse. 

Wr feel that in tho duties of an editor there 
no cod— for It is work I work I! write! write!! 
Now wo sat down at our desk to suy a few words 
about the Agricultural Establishment of Messrs. 
Trcadwell & Co., which is announced as "opening 
tho bill" for the present season. 

Now, what can we say ? Trendwoll & Co. have 
taken away our means of writing. There's not an 
implement, tool, or piece of machinery in all tho 
agricultural code, but what bo has talked nbont ; 
verily, he has "stolen the march upon us," and left 
us nothing to say. Hia "machines" have gone over 
the wholo ground ; he has "reaped" the harvest 
before us; "winnowed" the good, nnd "bio wed" 
tho chaff from the Ik-Id of liu c'iinp'jlitors. He has 
"dug" over the whole ground, "hoed" every lot 
and planted good seed, and now stands wnitiug the 
'harvest" of bis customers. 

Tho house of Trendwcll & Co. wo eon refer lo 
js the most extensive- and complete in the Agri- 
cultural line, upciu all the l-'nci tic Coast ; with a 
Iririu established business ; with oraplr 

Slrootory of Advertisements. 

rcct. -»n FmnciMO 

M--WT ""'" 


San jrnucbn 

t & Co.— N 

w Se 

ns.— Wo lake 
render! t o the ad- 

of Means. Brj-a 

Li Co., 

D this issue. Thli 

ung the oldest a 

d D r",mrc 

established, and 
buon. See their 

The AimsTs 1 Gallery. — Wo do not be- 
lieve that our citiznns nre fully nwaro of tho pi- 
tont and beauty '.f tin- < liill.-ry n|' ^pl-n-li.l urli-- 
tical Pictures that can lie seen in our midst, al- 
llireigh il it i." K.-.-1'.ly rm.l dnily visited by huo- 
drods. Vance'* (J.iIIitv. on Muuti;om,Ti' street, 
is truly the Aiitists' Gallery. There an. ut 
ccmnwn pictures hung up for display. As c 
truo artist, Mr. Vance knows the points nnt 
linos, tho ulimles n ii-1 liu r lit hi -ci -fsary to draa 
tho features and produco u likeness thnt ii 

ike a penny," but il will be "build- 
ing castles in the air," for Iho very manner in 
'hicb tbo parcels coroo in, sbow6 llint il has been 
eld, and more is still held, by the faruii 
reference to our notes wo Hod thnt in llm 
days there hns Come forward, all in sni.ll |,in..-k 
nhrttit fiiii'x.i tj.-ifrs Wheat, nnd there has also ar 
rived about 4000 bags Corn, Barley nnd OnLf., 
WOO bogs Potatoes, nndnbout 3500 bbls Flour. 
Thus prurision pour in, enough lodefy famine, 
for these last-named articles tin be made almost 
ful, nt least can and will take the plnce of 
until the price returns to its real vnluc. 
— would deprecate speculation '- 

To 0on -; 

. Co. 

breads! uffs, hi 

I |.r-.-.. 

ii tonne are nlwayg in advance. 

a redeeming f;iet- 
-|. the largest gain thus for. If 
. show their hand, bring forward 
tho balance of their stock nnd relieve the nimbi, 
the news of the fall of flour will go forward, 
nnd wo shall havo littlo or no competition next 
svatoa; and the imnplu will ■u'iik-nd the USo of 
Flour in many cases till this Is done 

Wo quol0 jj| our lh[B dlyilt ictfi nommBl . 
Wheat ditto; although tho prices q U( ,t, ,1 : ,n- 
Flour (domestic) $15 to 820 ; Galkw nuJ llni- 
all.SS'Jptr 1)1,1 i Wheat, fur milling SltofiiC! 
f.,r Me.l.f.i to 7c per lb. But wo ilo not holicve 
caih could lit, n-.ili/..-.l V, T any ijuantit* at even 
less than quotations. Prices of r'bur and Wheat 
will soon experience a decline— the very cond 
Hon of things will force it. The speculation 

■ ovorcomo tho inog nlar 
anaeooflhoklndaeu hoi 
ill npponi In ant neit lu< 
" hi "Edith MmHrooor,' 

uio" compelled u> ta del 


joying tho fall confidence of the public, all 
can rest 'insured that the advertisement which ap- 
pears in our columns, is not only a reality, but 
Inrgo es Ibis Stock is represented, the hall" is unt 
told them; for nny observer of the large shipments 
01 treasure niudu by this hcuFO through all the hard 
limes, must know, such o. capital will produco re- 
sults. "Money makes the maro go." 

Wo Say then to all farmers and cultivators, to 
all iiieelmnic-i mill miners, rend tho advertisement 
of Tread well .k Co. Visit their warehouses at San 
Francisco and at Marysville, and the whole story 
is told ; for "wheio there is a will there is a way," 
especially where there is capital to hack it. 
Wira an earnest desire lo aid the glorious causa 
of Education, wo shall offer to nil Institutions our 
columns for Reports and Letters to advance their 
bo happy to give roam 
for a brief card, ,'f all Uellej.'OH ami $' n limine.- el' 
Learning, free nf charge, as we intend to make 
Directory in our enliiiiinj iv.r the cenerol good. 

Tho Banulv of Children. 
.Vonn to Motumib -Th,-„- ,- i„i ,,1-i.n in ilic >,.,ri 
r-ktuanl l» Imuran than a txmuliluliliil'l Etc 

ru>ll(in,f ..-Ul bjeLl-.r., am. I uckn.iifk'iuc llil- i 

■■' ' n.l-.r'iU" n'.li'.' h"J'-v!'r. "il'o tV-ln,'".- nil 
■.IUr..tW -:l. II. II, ■■■:.! „..--l',:„r;,-n,.|...!;.-.,, 

. nlt'h firvcirciof, and lml In™ n' |r Ui«Mab»<] 1h"_ 
irk U|X.Q Ibiui "Uti a i'llr "f c.iuii-i----ps iJ,,I Iri 
flhro. Or mii™ o.nrr rccairni™ thli do- 

«-'¥'■;"« ■J"!. "Ill !■■■ -"I-- i :-■ I,:, in, ...n ,:-.„ii .lull ...,, 

We desire to olfer, lo all who feel ai 
i tho cnuso of agriculture, the followin 
ms to those friends that wish to aid ir 
ilntion of the CautronritA Faiijieb : 
r friend that 

Kifioeii Dellnr. 

.i-i-l ['[at. 

i of C 

2. For Sii Nniacs. and Thinj- lJ,.liiir.=, il 

framed, ana One Yea 

For TitenlT-Flvo rlumoi nnd One B 
ty-Flvo Dollars, bo "ill k -irii a r 
I-niii., Vi.lainu I. and II. of tl 

r Uifry Nuuic; i-.rel IV,-. II, in 

6. For Ono Hubs™ 

Holi.owav'8 Pills.— Thousands of involun- 
tary suicides are committed by persons who tako 
tho metallic poisons misnnmed "specific!." Thesu 
pills soothe, cleanse, regime, nnd imip,r*l.. ihe 
diseased and enfeebled internal organa iii-uml ,..( 
irritating and inflaming Ihem like mercury, ir 
and other mineral medicines. 

Sold at the ronnufnctorics,No.80 Maiden Li 
How York, and Mo. 244 Strand, London ; and 
all druggists, at 25c, D2Je.,and SI per box. 

Profomor llullonay baa obtained'' si 
ri.iKU.nil Ilia ».,rlJ for nil external ai 

i.JliaioaiL-liiMrrMil.' I.mii..,., : , [,|.,i,|ic ..',■■, 
'■- i-'-lv H....i,-dl,.f i( ..ul, ,,.,■,.„-, „-„ ,., , 
r«i..f ealldlD-xl, [fanj „,.,.,„., .),.,[,], 

ordor haiMlnall, ,i. ,;...;:.; 'filSif, ihsw la no'eanitb 

ShSUS" " 1|0, ' H * °' otD " nl - 1N - *■ SobJ = 

■H"""'^' ifl EC ' dom tl111 a medicine meets 
Willi suoh general fnvor among nil classes, nnd 
especially „ n on B Uio educated, as tho Oxygenated 
Bliters. These Bitters are tree Iron, alcohol, and 
aro a novcr-lnillng euro for dyspepsia. 


ami BunrJ, and a Silver Medal. 

o mnke this olTer.and hope to 

to a host of friends many rewards before tho 

lug of the. 

,11 ncv nuJ i-alusl.l.- ir, III- i 

Ma ;^.i'.0i.--r' M.i '[."'■ '" ' 

Ono paeket Chlnen Sujar-cnoni 

at ,-un- Chi, T.ih.,.-;-, - ,:,;,|; 
1. IIVi; [.nchut.i i-[,..i,-o 1 ' I . - -.t . - [ > 

itllllw. ant hvniBll, with Ibol 

' nr,kln /.:,,. ■nt'^Mi'li,",,? 
irustl! will tend 10 kt 

II'! I'Cl .!)■!..■, .Hill ll,'.'U It [l.l Li.' 

:..-.-,- Hi. -,i i ir, [[io miv'l i-clunl 
-.1 our Uffiea their -ir.l-n; or lli- 
■„l .I--...H- i.i:..l- ,1,1,1 i;.,r-l-, ,!.,■:,. 
...I IV,. b„„,ll,..,.,.. u ,,.|, :t ,.,., , 

owrlele aoy plan of nork of [ii 

■lit-.;-. Vim-.., 

Deo. 25th. 

. -„,i Inn 
.rob-, 1'l.v, 

11 the required article 

■■■■■-■liL-l limit,-.- ,[,,. U-l. r!„a 
■tCo. Thcj-cuacilir-.-iriai, 
dare roriailii »t (.or I'iffiiM. 

io Poit-olBee, and the tn 



Smith's New Seed Stohb and Gahdem ok 
JStseet, Sachahento.— A. P. Sroilh. Esq-. 
of Iho wcll-knortn Pomological Gardens al S»c- 
ramcalo, has takon the store No. *i J street, 
hiriue » 1«S° sp"" near by for » girdct. for the 
display of his nursery trees, fhsre he is enabled 
to show his patrons the product or his Nursery 
and Gardens. All tbe choicest trees front his 
place and seeds of his oirn raising, ho will bo 
happy I;) offer his customers. Mr. Smith has 
also built ■ very handsome Greenhouse on the 
rear of the lot, where ho now has a splendid col- 
lection of bis Camilllas and Roses, and other 
plants worthy special attention. 

Visitors to Sacramento, and al) purchasers of 
trees, seeds, plants, &c, should not fail to call at 
Smith's and examine his collections; tbey are 
highly creditable, and always pleasant to sec. 

The Gheat Oyster.— Barry & Patten's 
Museum. — Among the very largo and handsome 
collection of fine paintings and very curious arli. 
tides on eihibition at this famous rosoit, we n 
Weed the great Oyster, now a petrifaction, y 
perfect in form, measuring twelve inches long, 
eight broad and three thick, and weighing eleven 
pound!. It was found near Monterey. We 
wonder if New Yorkers can beat that! Barry 
& Patten have the most splendid billiard room in 
all California; it is tho very ne plus ultra of a 
billiard room. Although it is not our custom to 
speak of drinking saloon?, hoKCtor genteel, yet 
the Museum is worth seeing; there is no compul- 
sion— a person is not obliged to drink ; yet if he 
irYH drink, it is better to take good liquors than 
the vile and pji.-ujio^, i!i uf^t.l liquors so com- 
mon in tho saloons here. If a person miuf have 
it, better drink the pure, and it is known that 
Barry ± Patten keep none but the pure. 

Grants to Land Companies 
latum.— In the Senate tbo on Swamp and 
Ororllulted Lapda tcierlcd a bill repealing Iho net ron- 
eeruinc Swamp anii Ovorunntd Laiid>, prating certain 
privilege, and tracte of laud to the Tularo Canal Coin- 
ran j. Tha Coamltlee roptrct cbnrpciof fraud and pecu- 
lation. Another bill is before iho LopilBtaro, mXIoj 
d:nrl->r? l".'i ■-■■^i|-ni' L :" i n 1^'-' Arn.-vli-:' rind olburplrtcef, 
for the purpoM oT planting vineyards, 4c. Wo bopo 
our Lcilitaiuro wiil grant overy roeiliiy poaiihjo for ad- 
vaoslni tbo causoot Agriculture, and grunt bounlk; 
n be never pwiiblo. But no trust tbe lovereil (wnalllei 
u III lo irjjlimi'J up;' a nil pirlitj peculate or commit 
fraud under tho eorer or public grants. Our Stato hu 
1 eDDajb already by grante of every kind, and 


Sail Francisco, California. 


al Legislature give 

loufcieh <rg would Invite the attention of oar euiionierv. 
Stales, In fro mona; lae fig eat .ork of [be kiad over 

bound in diljerent rtylo*— Plain, and Turkey Anlluco- 

aia.uo would iniila loven of the hoiutital to call and 

and tbwe entering their unruis before ihoKlih iait., sill 
rocoiro tbii work at Iho earliest day. ,0.] 

oek. — Tivring completed o 

Toarauch br«l Ati* 

re da CuuvaU 

Suffolk lad E-«3 t 

p™"""" 1 *^ 





tCJ- Wa hav 

ju« rewired from [be East « 


n Culilorniar 

among them n 'null h,,-.-.i,- 

or Po 

iAIFIOK BLACKrJERP.Y— tho only lotlnth 

nd warranted 

eih and pure, cr..,, ,.r I?j7. 

iu made by -Mr. J. Q. A. Wa 

.;.-,..,-.,; FOKEsT THEE SE 


over Imported. 

Tatao d;«rou 

■re[>.iir..-.-n..iccSoedtwiii t 


.11 at one. .to 

roffice. 130 IVnjhinglau il (a 

It* In) 

'ruj-->]i:,; C-oal..,„.i.l i'ect.U., tVtiilt Cruj 

grade* Lead Pencil* In 

w ii'i-f-onij iir'.-u.'Tk l.j: jU-J'b 

the attention or tho TrovoHoe Public 
wditrugere In particular, to tbo morili 
of thit Home. 



f ,>i],(,r li-.iL.,... bul recall tfl..- mnriied fav.r nit 
1j ■ ; l i il.i'ir ■. [■< irri-ri ■: liir Win received by a di'crlnjl 
jllnr; a j';riM:inUy irici^.'.-ir. k - pitrunage of Ik 

wrrioe naeluiliely Ibo SUPEBIOR MODE iu whic) 

It Is cooilcuou. to .11 of the moit 

Prison cslnnntlr tow. Tli^ nro exported IhniusboDl I 

10 Fiber'. PoljriTde Lend Pcncib. 

tsr corpu, a c 

1.000 i..undi of ALFALFA or Chile Clorer 
ved.odfxnaloatM cent, per pound-by t hi 
. Tab H^lherrir™ the lauil „o P Apply 
d. B1UNNAK, 




- tl. Uorrk, &,,. 


1 r» H ,l.J.AI1 .-: dam vti pot by C 


Clio leu Hcetlrt. 
A 1 ade^%g^care?e4™jJSf' BS SEEDS . 



liTingaton'a, BnUer'a aar] Eojs' Patent Milts 

From menry to tlunj-d* tochc. diaucuit. 
0L «r, 8 h F n "M CO Bu ""^"« CYLINDER MILLS, 

To Grower- or So sar Bc el 

whlehwe-ouldlorlionrneclig.ueoitaii. 1Koug ' UM '* «■ 
WA1HIEM & c a __ 

— __^_^ *'»n I'nindMo. 

T _ Mainmoth Hquami. 

W b"',fV' ■'. '■' ,! " MASIUUTU SatJABH, wdjh. 

C»n,« r or clrn 7 BradBha W & Co., 

\;- ...i| ,",■" " '■'■ i 1 -- 'Jr. 

'■ i'.-'-ur. I ,r 

U '■■■" '-USItlAtfTJ 

_ k jtAH.HAW i CO 

Vi-m ' AIJFOKMIAr ■ - 
Al wlcrtu j (ouic Cue u 

■■_■-•■; !;■■■! ' 


tthADStUYr i CO. 

Ibo Eaiicro Slalei 

from Lb o ibipporwucoa. 
be paid at destination, i 
lo onrfriendMhii Bills. 

it Nuneiy Stoek rroto 
:d by E'ipreu, doold 
reniptof iboinnjc. or 

jj|ipjintincolc- 't 
1. f BOSr A CO. 


Jwrt rcjulrtin JY..-.L. I:, .[uji.ti: 

[>- 1M, 

BOUly ct[4bTbbai^i:[ ^sj^r,. ^ Ll , 

For Fnmilits or Singlo Gentlenicn, 

COACH," under tho luporinlonitooco or 
I* B. S.MITa. Iiilo Su K o Afeotnt Saemnenlo Cily, it In 
latallbDariloeoaroynaiiengonto andfram 
for One Dollar eaeh, Ineludinn Bae;gr.EO 

R. r(0BlH3OU, ronooily of ibcHow York ! 

Cot1v't?' : °rJu\ i, ' n '''' 
Oca. v-aUej'e ...;■"' ...; 

n-ii. Uo-rc'K.ipilaUj., 
Cbai B FMte»i'..." 

HARVEST, 1 8 fl R ! I M A&A g INES ' BTC ^_ 



tt win no lion*.) ... i.irrori-Ait'f'.i;, a fit, «isii politics. 

rC D. Otm^eidaod f.rodjj.. '.* 

C^., 133 V.'r^Jj[j]c!Dn .If ctt, notion, Pr 

"•uhcl-jriioeelEO.ana m 
Dying iho flair uij ' 



ol [he Unltal grain, by arnojliu 

IciT* ThoOcoulnoha. Iho u^,.^ j,_ 

ue c BEIBV u, j on lonr ibU. f ™ B EUt&r™ Up °° " "°" 

iB-iaiy W,1,LI ao^ "ATcnELoit, 

cncn.nd ro..l CnMuriy 1', ,, liT ,,|. .j, ,, L> ' . . 
lli-'i-lyi'.Tii,,,,.,!. Cth. Ullthoooly.nlcloih.,0.,^, |, 1L ' 

Ttotmmciucmo of too KATHAmOH-neulj 1,(00,000 

.!i ■.,■■ ,'i .'i.-'!.~ ' '.'.- '.',"'' " '"'''/;'"' '"■'■*■ ,!: ' 1 r--i>ii'iriij 

S3 Liberty alrret, Hm» York. 
PAJ1K *. WHITE, Wholeulo Dealen, 

Ban fnatlMK, Coliftnifo. 


^■or arjAHTZ 3Mr.iijx.s_ 



IV I ' LEY! "'"'" " ''"' '"''""^ Conlfiiiiloi from GftABa 

'El^ilI^nu_""e.'rT.cj! U '" ( ' V ' r ' n ' l, ° 


_p_a._KiMri]Nrcir _twrA_c;_Eii3sr___.B.Tc- 
!in*i Implements, 



.TOV.T!!, WITH Wi.O-i-i I •[i'Ki.l VE.MKNT. 'ir„-,, 

McCORMIOK'S REAPEfl....ThisuniTers-ally 



HDSSEY'S REAPER. . . . Baltimoto maku. 


rilliK-'Iiyii'in 'njVr!i,:i : Li - ' j- .'■_! r 1— n t. "^ .; ,.Vi.l ■ 

SPBNOEWS^a and 10 ho rK , THRESHER 


hy ::..ll I'.- .-ul.l-.l I ir- iy I,; r|, : . ; r .! ..n : :.- [r : il : 

V,i I !.„.■, II W. ,-,.„, Mr.. II. IV-.-:, ,r ~i.::;:, 

- V W, ',!.. Kni.T-.n, Mf- Hi :,-ir. '..Hi..., ol 

bit W. LoaefdtoT- 

r. F. U. llldte, D. 

IeCol«n-s Author of tho 

Edmund flulncy. 

J. T. Trovibrldio, Anlh'or 

C. W-PhlllBO, Author oT 

"T»lce Unrrled.- 
TE_u.a.-Thrp-,l«ll-.r. - j-,,<T Tw.T.tT.F'iveCenu iN«m. 

.:. I „,:,y I :-.,!.l.j!i.,[ . I I! ...■:.. Ii-r-. I'.ti-,!:- .1 .1 :• :,-... ..r 

™-r n _.|.^,D , YV.,N^j l S 


, T '..''.'.. h : Ii ; 1 'f!.','.",!;:, , :'- , ; ,; il ' ,.':'^" cl11 ™ "■ •« .iVriirui 

«bl m i Tl lhroucl...-atth. J _L«i,,,.uppllnll . 1 i_inilii t ,| 1 ,, u It j 




-ei.-N'I_> PATENT 





"'™Z"Jl° ^ 0L Zr™"'u T " l,l " olllluJ 'T. And 

HiseraWe ImitationB 

■a Bed*. Alw; nllllard 

e ooJ .allif.clloo. E 


"" ...Orcaily Improred over Lau year. 

EMERY'S 1 and 2 horse THRESHER, WITH 

'H'S 8 and 10 borso PLANET POWERS 


PERRAGO'S 8 nnd 111 horse PLANET POH'- 

'■'■!" I '!i!i.-i l M J hone ROTARY POWEH3. 

FIELDS' 2, 4, >nd B do do do. 

EStEttY'S t and 9 bono TREAD FOWEItS. 

Thti MMtiluory coniBt Id eoaipaot oaaee, can ho r.out to 
nay pnrtof the Htato or Cea_L at •toall oipeuae, and 

Bxtru CnaU-B., fori] U,e ,horo, conatauU, ua U 

Tho CeieuTated Boston Steel Clipper Plow. 

U7 Fnltoa Street, - - - New York, 


: - , ; | --- , ',- : V ;-J' r ' ' ,| ..' i '-"' r ;''-\ !!i '-' l' r "'■': I, k; 
. .S I :aLCHI.AT' Ik --,,■■ Wm. Grlef-^.nt 
•| , ii- 1 ';ii".-ii\:ii'!:'-' : 'i'li'f.-LJ'.T r.ii'fri^i.tliy— b» ¥-. 

(1(li-r— l:.l]i,- j. cnn-hl.- N,,i.-^,:-.l: ul T..-;u,:.:| T':rr:i", 
Ir'.i'.^I L.J t:LJ_T-.rl„,> ,,l :incl:][j. ry, JLl ji.-i:iy ^n-j f_lj 

III: liu;j r K U iJr- n 0BrrAMKKTAL DESIQNS; A Krle. of 

l.-vp' - iir.T , (!■■■:, .il. Il .l:»r,.i;, :, . . M...,rL-li. Fr.-lich. 




i) ciioii^i: a'uood milk cow : . 

niarlu h r which Ih-i Miliin 'ia.ll-J-i 
. aicennloBl Mutlmtod wfih eaeniL. 

•J irill _•) KlWIhh 



Tite Pcnrla steel Plow 

ffaen. C^'-ady on hand. 

"■'Vw'vmn '...viC I'.'.."','',!.'''',!,''.''.?'.;:'; ". , "' ■j'-^r--""' i' 

■ r /m.vior. "■"■'■■-I jmn. of iLe eewr 

tAY I-llESaES-Sc^-fj,,^,^.^ 

;;^ : | ;t ; -i ii.h,-^,,,,! ,,.,,_„,, .,,.,, . h ; nJin( . ^^ 

GIUH-T3 OHAIH "ciUDE.!.-^,; of H'dol^cack 

.5^j 7" lc ™ (B,, ' wr i n "h, eud Cylinder; alio, Bag Pdwci 

Field anil Gartlon Seeds 

nc^d«crlpijn n .cl a r- W Ul^ lu - l i 1 r-. En , WU ,<Te J 7 

fiteam-Engineu, 4 to 15 Horse Power. 
P £J_5, b, ° F ' oor MiIh '"" , M1 " Stonca— Noyoa 

^a&rfJ££^ Ul nnd Pwk,n E-AII kindi 
HARDff AKB-T1.B bust lbKk in tho Bhto 
MINING GOODS— All kinds in use 
^S' AND tanners; TOOLS-Pnll 
Baling Wire— Annealed. 
Hay Rope-Best Manila. 
°^^-e7dL^.S »™ tolh, from 6 

W deZ H™^I, A J,"* jrtluinftMpc!^ Gar- 
Onp«, fl a D ? f£ !lu *»f' for arnan-enu-l Quimmuk.^Ckcu;^.,,?"" u " 1 W "-""". «"S«al 

la Eoyal Octavo Loiter Prea Dcecrip. 

tlonj ioWvL.!,-.:., Tyj,-. „nl, Nmoeruu. 

Eufrrayioga Price, $30. 

r y.--m- /t,-.nrr.r„r nw: i=,:.-,;J,'i.!,.i I .„„, nfffl . t 
For tale hy HOVEY ft CO., 


T^^oflu hLia^eV 1 "' '"""^ * ' r ' I "" ]ia ""»'- 
Silk akd Meiiino Tests ; 


Mie9es' Meeino Tests ; 

Bova' Mebino Tests; 
Lathes' and Cirjj.PM'.-.V Hosieut, ac, io.; 

The Best Assortment in San FranoiGco , 

DIES' L'lNEN ronJo „ oor own order ranoh 
lupcrior to anj-ihioe; over before offered. 
01-8 A.VD l mi.tili !■:>'.. CLOTin.VG; 



1« Sa,ra 1 uon l u,treo., r aeiv^g ra c [T . 


U. S. RBaOLATlOX Rcr.TB ■ 

a. s. eeo 






IJ-t Saoranio ato Hiee l, above Men [(-ornery. 

Odd FeUows' lodges and Encampments fULL SLT3, at loner jiilecj Irj.ui ever 
ollored I>. Nulltlir.jj" '' 

1 14 anoramonta itrcot, B fcov .M Jn [n"n,ery 

- N. REyNOLDS & CO^' Hl """' 

fiztnlZd™ and a " iBrBX ^"rnlsdon Herohonu, 

Jkgr nm oinu storage fumUhod, ud liberal Jvr,rc« 



.! .',';, fli! i'!-'' 

Mr to", dw I« Bright « a i 

My Loto, die l> briKht u a dtir-dnip. 

That msiklM at mom en Uie gnuo, 
And her breath li u m»l « * ««l*^> 

Toil o'or tho bright den-drop doth pan. 

To Ihink that Dcalh eoroeui b» K" - 
Tot Ml Lc". the 1* good M »» A»s»>i 


And .'on if «b« g""> "° H«ren, 

I. ■... i'l ..! ■■ i ■■ ■ '., 

i-'iTtJ.^Vl^i ' ! ".i':;..!i'l.!«^ln3 wpon' 
,, .,:,., ,,UI m.-.fc- ■, _i:L.:l ; -r = =:=J -;;■■ ;_'-| : 

itif lo lonictradj.' "— [ElcBtEer. 

n a room their lira and hoops dliplv 
:t niOi a Bioom) «d caU it ncftCTi 1 ! 
iol senlijbloH, and four's chord 
iij need the donga,— they'll sail wil 

H niIortyU;yob»lchelorBaoD.lo.qni 
iou allcan are, Sinn ropmcnU the 1=1 
orbyeoae nay»of primitive itylo an 

,,. u ,- noblo deads. Thorn is poetry 
and friendship, in bonovolonoo and clinnlj, m 
philanthropy and patriotism, and la n lift how- 
ever humble which serves life's great end._ 1" 
hallowed influence ia felt in the domestio mroio 
wbila it throrrs an endoorm E ^."^l 
and virtuous nifeotion of tho som. 

There is poetry in mirth, «° d what ' 9 f J °L" 
poetry 1 Them is poatry in tho taw at sorrow, 
tho sluco of grief, and ia lb. »& of a broken 
heart and contrite spirit, broathirm; a penitent, 1 
prayer to its oft-forgottaa but forgivmg God. 
There is poatry in youth, and aga is not nccos- 
-atilv daprlrri of its pleasuros-m hfc, ajfl, 
and in dealh-on earth, and will thero not bo 
poetry in beaTOn! 
Sweet and holy is tho mission to us on earth, 
' this heaven-born E aeat. For, if wo but seek 
id cherish its refining end eialting influence, 
throws a charm over life's varied pathway, 
beauty around our common blessings, and 
pleasure with our daily toil ; while it takes from 
igged steeps one-half thoir roughness, and 
eheds a softening influence over many things, 
clherwiso diflioult to bo endured. It nssisls us 
beauty in life, ovon though it bo throng" 
ir-dimmed oyo, and from midst the soul's 
deep sufferings. For pure intellectual pleasure, 
and also for tho culture and refinement of Iho 
finer faculties of the mind, there is no stody 
lore benefloial than poetry, and tbo cultivation 
■ithio ourselves of tbo spirit of poetry— that 
pirit, which draws poetical inspiration from 
.verything that is truo and beautiful, in physi- 
cal, intellectaa! and moral life. 

But take fAii from life, let imagination lose 
wings, or had thoy never been given, an" 
then whnt would it be, however smooth, hut 
man existence deprived of that, which no* 
f. „„„ -Fir, sweetest, loveliest oharma. 


u the t 


[The accompanying le 

eoutiful, useful, a 

g letter is foil of beauty, 
r* it breathes poetry ia every line, and wo fool 
confident our readers will End pit 
perusal of a letter so truly »- ' 

What ia it 7 A word, that by language is al- 
most indefinable ; a name, which in its usual 
acceptation, is applied to all verse, or ryfbmot- 
ical composition. It is that which some writt-7 
has not inappropriately defined "benutifu 
[hooghts in musical language," and rhetoricians 
"the embodiment of aesthetic ideas in language, 
simply for the sake of awthetio expression." 
This last oipre3tes, in the fullest extent of 
which words aro capable, our ideal of written 
poetry. Trno poetry is itself beauty, and 
whether written or unwritten, is but tho creation 
of losto and sublimity. Like a disembodied 
spirit, it is an essence, not an actual reality ; a 
something perceived and fell, but without form 
or substance ; a something which charms us, 
and can be truly estimated (I do not say criti- 
cally as a work of art), only by tho emotion 
which it produces. For poetry which produces 
no emotion, that by which neither tbo imagina- 
tion, nor the other finer faculties of tbo mind 
receive a quickening impulse, is, cither 
and no poetry, or wo foil to appreciate tho 
merits of the work. How unmeaning tho word 
when applied to verso, however its numbers 
may flow, or musical tho language employed, if 
It lacks tbo true element and spirit of poetry ; 
while, on the other hand, many prose writings 
are highly poetical, aad might far more justly 
be ranted such, than helf tho verse which boars 
the name. "By poetry." says a distiuguiubid 
Essayist, "ws mean tho art of employing words 
in such a manner as to produce an illusion on 
the Imagination ; tho art of doing hy tho means 
of words, what the painter does by means of 

"As Imagination bodlee forth 

The form, r.[ Mill.;: ■ ur,V;n,.«i, li,<! pwl'l r*n 
Tomj IBlIti W "ill. | -..--. aid ;-l:-t= Walrj onthlajrl 

A local TmbUsllia ond a aitno I" 
Where isitshnbilationl Rather might wo ask 
where is it notl for, 

with onoh other, to join, with one 

_ iad, to aooomplish tho taw of spiritui 
mutual outturn. Wo should then acquire '' 


..: „, and do.olop wisdom; tho spirit of Ood 
Xuld he In our midst. I know it is not always- 
possible to converse personally togotbor.tbat ia 
why I have adopted Ibis plan of nc- 
quainted with yon. I read ia tho Fasmbb your 
dosiro to beoomo more ncquointed with its cor- 
espondents. You named my initials. I ac- 
cept tho invitation, nnd hopo to hear from you 
soon, I soy with you, that I have been married 
a long time, and hovo u vory kind and good 
husband like yours; ho allow* mo to do what I 
wish, and it is all right, because I wish only to 
do what ploasea him beat. 

I hopo you will excuse mo taking this liberty 
in addressing you, but I do not know your di- 
rection, or I should havo written to you before ; 
but I shall bo very happy to bear from you 
often, that our spirits may hooomo harmonized 
with and purified hy tho elements of lovo nnd 
wisdom which bind soul to aoul. What a beau- 
tiful attribute is Harmony ; it is tho most per- 
feot manifestation of wisdom; it is tbo ultimate 
form of the soul, tho Imago of tho Creator. 

I mast leave off for tbo present. Lot mo hear 
from you on this subject I know you aro fnr 
more capable to writo on this dolightful thomo 
than I am. Accept my kind regards, and be- 
hove mo to bo, over yours, in tbo bond of Lovo, 

»ro V Iboound, (8 V be 

Ilnnaani Bhnbarb, *50 V Uimuud, 83 9 bapdreu. 
Blackberries: N™ ituch--lio or Lsmoc, Nowmen's or 
Striiv.-bcrri(;;: i ;i i| ^;.'- , ;J-'^ii';:/. | Ji||--!'-i> Hue, UrgoEnrlj 

Cw-rnnta: Ullitt K-ri.- -.' i i , ;'i" ,.iM *ii V handraL 

a LL llio el»i-o plMiU of b« t ■ I wUlf J wo colunio moil ol 

qOMnlin'lbimr bo 
-'-- Wujlful brfsbt or 

■". !n',i[.".''--< : ' 

l|. ,..„ I :, |.::., i.'h-:.' H ■ . li :■ > ■ '1 I > I ' ' V I ■ ' I U . \ I „ ■ ■ D , T blcll 

,],!, ,, a h -r. .1 liii|.r.>fr-m, ! ri[ in l.-'.b /■';-" °"'|, '.,"', '^"u", ! ]'„ 
IV. ■ I uhl-i.l-' ill' *'- "1 r>i- i.i;;v.- Km!!- I,: r 1 1 1 r '- ■ -., i. .1 ; 

Harmony and Progro 

Gt.-itL-ful Letter. 

When 'ili at 

,■.:.■-. iK-i-r 


The am 
hi-.- l,tlLT 

Lovb, Harmony and Progreaalon, 
Fltosr tho evidence before us, in all our com- 
ingling with tho most intelligent minds, we nro 
confident that theio is a deep and fervent desire 
upon tho publio mind to advonao Female Edu- 
oatioa; not only among those of early youth, 
but among those of riper years. There is a 
yearning after troo knowledge ; that fcnowledgo 
that shallelevato Woman, and give her her propi 
influence ond station in society. To this cr 
tho truo hearted turn with hope, ond tho minds 
of tho most gifted are nt work to bring about 
this most wished for result. We cannot but 
theso ovidenccs, for they Come to us from all 
portions of tho onrth, and any observant reader 
cannot but see tho samo spirit pervading 
minda of many authors. Many of our cot 
spondonls, although wholly unknown to each 
other, nro drawn togother by a kindly 
pathetic alliance upon thia mighty theme, and 
wo look for great good to result from this eoarco. 
Tbo writer of tho following deeply interesting 
and benutiful letter, is thus drawn to our gifted 
"Edith Uontressor," nnd although strangers, tho 
same mind dwells in both, and this has made 
them friends forever : 

To Edith KontresBOr. 

Beik Bivsa, Janniry E, 1SSS. 
Dgab Friemd: For such I address you. 
We ore unknown personally, but I nm sura wo 
con soon become as dear friends. For a long 
time 1 hnvn folt a atrong desire to writo to you; 
at the time you wrote that excellent article 
called Individoality, my mbd was strongly im- 
pressed to writo to you, and then when the sub- 
jeot of Woman's Social and Moral Spho re at- 
tracted my attention, in thoso ideas of yonrs I 
read my own thoughts and sentiments, truthfully 
iproBsed, I belie 

ind, and that there may be a strong affinity 
isting in one mind towards another, 
when thoro has been no personal acquaintance; 
thus I have for tbo last six months felt many 
times holding communion with you whilo rend- 
ing your views on different subjects. 
Like you, I havo long ki 

id most acceptable and traly ohoer- 
10 to us liko a gonial ray, to ohoor 
ip oning of our Now Volume. Wo 
have not irords to respond to toll our kind cor- 
respondent how truly grateful wo feel, nod how 
much encouragement such a letter gives us. It 
servos as on antidote far "tho thousniid ills that 
flesh ia heir to," This letter was as tho letter 
of a truo friend, and overy sentiment of it lies 
impressed upon a grateful spirit. Tho inolosuro 
for threo now subsoribora, wns thankfully re- 
ceived. Wo have enrolled tbo donor's numo in 
"red ink," to keep us constantly reminded ns wo 
turn to our list of subacribora, of the acta of a 
truo friend. God blesa sucb— this letter nnd 
the ono accompanying, nro glorious : 

To Ufc Editor o/ til Otllfimla Forrar.- 

Wo hnvo just received tho last number of tho 
Fabsiek, which will olose tho present year, 
hopo I am not too luto in writing for three ni 
hers of tho next volume. I am nworo it is 
a drop in tho bucket; but it was once said by a 
great writer, "dospiao not tho day of so 
things." Perhaps before long, I may bo foi 

bio papor. I must say that I am so well pleared 
with the Fabmbr that I recommend tbo reading 
of it to all my friends, nnd I am happy in telling 
you that this is tho result; and I am confident 
in saying, that at least ono of your now sub- 
scribers will odd still more renders to tho 
Farmer. I am sure that my frioud with his ex- 
cellent lady, will not only rend and recommend 
this excellent paper, but I hope ore long wo 
shall be edified, by reading the thoughta and 
production of a good and well stored niind. I 
nm glad to hear aud see tho advancement nnd 
progress of tho causo of Agriculture, with every 
other good inslitutiju which is for the good of 
tho buniau family. 

I hope you will bo uhlo to keep your promise 
in supplying uti weekly with rieh and intellec- 
tual reading. I am sure if y.ur cor r.'-jpii orients 
of the past year, do us well the pri-sent year as 
they hovo tin.' pa-t. ami with iho addition of nciv 
ones, the Farmer will be a thrico welcome 
guest la every homo, aad hy every flresidi 

jitrbdly hro Dt (sccrtlng 
Order, will bo promptly i 

KKi'l:'l 1 

tfc KENTIAl.r.. 


V "V'll^VsY^'cKA.-i.ll-li.H 
1 K.'-l. r, W lill sire.!)-. V.M 



OFFER FOR SALE an ojsjnmonl or Tn 
PlunU which Ihcj havo siona for the njo I 

BOOKS, &e. 

New Treatise on Land Surveying. 

WU& E. C. & J. BIDDLE, 
rna-,y PuiLADELpiiu, 

A Treatise on Surveying, by S. Alaop. In tbia 

iratMhotbirurr I ■ ]■' ,';!> "'.'!',";[;;■ '-^i^ljpreMni - 

I .'..T', rii'.n.' .1 d ■ - ■ II n !■!. in l.-,r:U r 

s. c. ±i.n.tUo 



ag popular cducatloiul 

Bl.frdj c 

ioul Director* am 


CM-JogTln of lh< 

i publication! 

ittenden's T 

Book-keeping. Tho 

>l ulMiiure BLANK 

1. TriMtL-c-iri 
•4. OoSI,,*!. 




or Comnon Schoou. 

Fhilfldulphli, etc.; wli 

a at a 


ill- ni, i [.ojiulBr iviirli on'' Iho Sdencoof Xcet 
i.'ku-lnud'd English Literati 

r.v.i..„„.-.r >-,.,, -l.,,,..' 1. CLrvs-I.AHU-.^ 

I, in.! HI LIlOLImi LITLTIATIIR!;, i„.,„ ,j., : n, 

In; i.l 111 .,..-:. | .;,:■;. I St. ;,-ii.-,. [ t; : , .1,1 .-",',", .1 ., ;,' : '-' 

-"*- Coprlhcr ivlth Motw fntclgularr 

■ ! .: -r.d^ir I I l ^ 


■i r[,\:.'[i~ 

o Works c 

,[ii|,.n,lluni 1:1 Knglllh LltcretDTi, 

e Ki~c. Pro(,Tess, and Present 

Enjlilh LiulgOAEC. 

I'homas Dick, LL. D. 10 vola. 


. UFI-ISCOTT ct t 

Climatology of tbo United Stales; 

and of the 

CIlFn-ilMliiL-T uJ 

The Ornamental Department 



.,..! inlluc 

I of 

Yes, it is everywhere, if tho mental > 
open, and the heart awako to discern its 
enco. There is poetry in nature, in its v 
phases and aspects. It is in storms as > 
sunshine, in tho lightning's flash and the 
roar; and, too, in nature's sweeter, softer 
It can ho drawn from the faded flowe 
leafless trees and snowy landscape, aa 
from Summer's blooming garlands, its ' 
branches, and soft carpeted fields of green. 
There ie poetry abovo and beneath ua, aye, 
everywhere around ua. Eaoh glittering star 
that gems the nroh of heaven, each growing leaf 
from tho earth beneath, has in it the olemonts 
Of poetry. It has its dwelling in the lowest 
vale, and also, upon tho mountain's summi 
thu huuiblu cottage, as well as within tho 
splendid palace, lla homo U with the tiny 
stream and roshing river, tho mighty catoraot, 
and upon the broad, blue »eo. It takes its 
abode with whatever is truo and beautiful, eithei 

in the ii 

r lifo. Thoi 

is poetry in 

refined and elevated thought, in eloquent words, 

good, especially as regards bet own sex; nni 
regards tho social sphere of woman's aot 
how much moro useful wn might become, 
know many of us bava much to do, and some 
obj. rumi? ate rei- d i. ■)•;> i'.iol' w.. man ; thatsho 
has plenty to attend to at homo, and that she is 
di-pi)«il to disturb the harmony of socioty by 
potty contentions nnd interferonco with social 
" national subjects; that sho is an uncontrol- 
lable oronturo. In soma cases, this may bo 
st cases thoro has been a cause 
for this, and a discerning mind may easily 
understand why it is. 

I regret to say thut from tho very In .•inning, 
o havo been wrongly educated. Woman has 
either been looked upon as a servant to man, or 
bos been pettod, flattered, and treated as 
which has a weak and self-willed and "li- 
te mind, determined to hnvn hor own way. 
ml acknowledge that this is sometimes true. 
I am happy in tho thought that tho time is 
e at hand when Woman shall claim her just 
rights, and Bill beoomo that which Deity de- 
igned her to bo, and, too, perform her mission, 
which ia n holy and universal one. She will 
then know that lovo nnd firmness aro indispen- 
sable Lo the fuilhml dii-elmrge <if lier dotle 

I often think with you as regards our Sooinl 
Sphere, that If wo would only follow tho inoli- 
natione of our belter nature, how mrioh lovo and 
warmth wo might shed abroad upon tho world of 
mind; and oh how often wo might goo tho and 
encourage and develop the hotter nature of tho 
poor strnyed wanderers how many Effie* wo 
might savo from flattery, deception, and ruin 
if Women would but make tbo effort to become 

I moat conclude for tho presont. Excuse the 
liberty I havo token in taxing your timo with 
ri-ndiiip iay slmri -frrnvl, and liuliovo me to bo 
a true Friend aud advocate in tho oauso ofTruth, 
rr.igre.T-iiiii. nnd lliL[ipiness. 

Yours, rospeolfully, H. E. S. 

P. S. You will find inclosed, fifteen dollars, 
for threo subscriptions to the FAnitElt. 

Ah jot, thitLlitlo. 

ir toued hi in 
ill joy, 

10 did iMk It* 


as, ha loomed hii pi 

for single 

rri-r,,- (;■■>. 

ii f.ili:...- 

t tj ■ ■ ■ l ith.j purchase in iiurvotity, will bo told I 
reduced ratoi. 

The Exotic Department 

nlnins a (loo asnrtmeat of Cahillias, 
:shy, rilbor lhan lail.-leinlc. [.I mli; and aLi 

a, Intro 


oil oerernllv Bronq for t! 

je delivered In Now Yur 

inil then 


H. A. DREEIt, 
327 Chestnut itreot, ^ 


I.B BKEI>», Till ol It" pore. i noiillty (;r 


. All c 

oolrl that dark daath-ci 

■ur[fl!o— for oil II eg, "E»»ln B 

JJ™ f „ Mtt " ""omUii I your chlldnt 
;c*Iod lij hearing my hutbind reiuik ii 


ThM LlidJ 

A little oxplaiuod, o liltlo endured, a little 
l.ili.ri.iM.l na u foiblo; and lo! tho jORRtd alumi 
tit liko smooth mosaic. 


GBNTJISE LAIVTON (or Noir-Itoctielic) 


irilK honeying ond Explorinc Ei- 
L»tot China, Formofa, J^pin. Jvurnr i-lr.:;: ., 

Lewis's American Sportsman. Containing Hints 

t,-, n| ii. ti-'i. j 'N HI,.,- nn.-. ..[.J if,.- UnblM el G(u ■ 
liv.l. ,;,<! Wil I I'.i.'l mi Aru..n.:.L. li i UlL-lu, J. t-Oiil-, ... 
11 :\. :,|. .■:■:.! ■■ .».:.. I. niv ..I S.'snl -c'T,r. . , I ['ml:: l.-j. 
T.tiii,, Ml •■Youui I'D II;,' Dm-." it Th iri E "" " 
,, i„-.-.l nu J • nUr,.v.J, Mii.'i ;.■:.-> lllu>[r.i!i(.iH from 
dravvlnsi. 1 wl.Bro 83 00 

Indigenous Rices of tho Earth ; or Now Chop 

Urn of ELhn '■!.■ -.'!■. I ln,|,.lry: llj-lndin- ,niiDi..-rr,|l.. or 
rn — i.l .!-■[. .r:.i:--:.l- ..I t - f. ■ J ... t - -;.!■: I r,-:r^|.!i;.. i >,!,:. :■.■■.;.. 
J'-.I:-|||.' ."v. I'il:il..:„ .Itl-Ll-..!.,-., I '• ni|.„ n,li i .. li., . 
r.ii-liv. "I.:! Sum..,]; i:..i,lri:.n-J !,;■ Alln-.i .'•[■„,:• 
1 :..,.,■!. I',,!.:i.y. J. ArU- I, M. '..-- : ,;.■ '.«:!,:: ir-.-l: !:,•■. ,: 

>i'."-. ''■: !■'. .!;!■! i; ii. i'sii'i i-Z, ■„,'.:■':',:■■':: "i ' : |.' r . ■■■f--i;:. 
kind." 1 vol, royal ocutd, cloUi r>5 CO 

McJIahon's American Gardener. The American 

'.J.SroJui.edlWror Tho ■ 


Herbert's Great National Work 



UnltedBtitM ood Briiljh Prorinea of rlortb America. 



by thomoet dUdnsulihcd 
llonra, carefully prlatcd dt 

i orljilsi] doaljiu, 

ilutwdlnij'thu Uipy 





nib ALWAYS na h.ui.l In ™ ut , Uis, . i — ■ 

-'iiifi.-"'''.';^.." 1 -'■■"' "' n '-'' 11 ' Nl l:h '■■■■■' ; iV 

. I ; ■ 1 

ANBTUllEROUSlkO0iy,K T " ' " IJLDt "' B -*- 

i.Vnj ■ d L , , ru.-uj ■[.<-! OD 

i jKiii.ui,.-..., UrJiirAljj 

:.,!"■■,:! II. ;,■■■: -I 1...-.1. „.,,,■„ 
n.Tarl. 1.1,1, .-.n.l ['■ I..,,, 

nn llr.|--.llrn: lll.j.l irlnrk ; '|., r ,;, „. 
jq,i.,-,,.Ai, E...1) nn -Ml.lun....,!,, 
.,i,,.i'.„.l,ii.,„l„,-a;,dSb ( *l n 5..A ( , 
t- T "'" - I " IM S lB Bi™ 1 " 10 

log BbKwie, nnd far Gcnum! flelJ 

11 Turi.-y AatlL|a..., ti'lll tl-ri.. 

.inn. of Iho INDIA PI1DUF EHORAV- 

Colored Plates of California Emit. 

THE lnMuiiifMi p r „,| |'i,.- , „hloh Horo.o lldclvpro- 
|'|>rc.l,(if thuFBOiTOfOiiliforiiiii at tho SWto 1'olr 
in Ir.'..,. aro ,,,la -t iho Former Offlqo. Every l«n»n 
nho niihu a beitoiifal Fruit I'icoe ilinuld hn.o a copy 




■r* i., ,j!l u':'-rr:fi..'i. p :r J .'■V.J lirl 

A Splendid Bull for Sale. 

' "EitY flue HVUIIAM ut ; l,l.-il ■--■<:■• 



T^rr a -RT ttci -nTDTCKTSTR 5 WOEKS. noisy caeeiees 



"PETE[lSON'3"»n>'l»onl, .:■:;:,■:■..■•.: ' " n ' 1 '' 

(1 ,, r ,.il,.,.-,'..„rii. ■ ■.■.■r|,:.--:l.^.-:llr, [J,- 

,r..|.,i^-J If. .lift." ■■•l.^-l I- '!■'" '-I,!-'.. 
,:]!;' .-ill.-.!!.' |-a!:L-'L!--J "' '- I; ''' J '" r >- I '"'. "' 

hid topiruelj, price 


|J place,/™ ypulaft. 

a i™ IN/cjcti Srjlct 

:..|r. -I.\ nltv lir k --j ..CUTO Tnlumci 

1 acppartield, Dunbar <" 

PhU, Lcoch, Hr.,.. c .. y..-\ 

pul-ll'li'-'d ci::in[:li-t", 

.1 Ivrr.i'.]'. pic.-. I.r.' l[.1 r.'nl 
-..j ••■», other fUjI-Jibd i:r..:l:-j] ...Jl'.or'. 

HHUp W, atd 1DAJ t^h'.J brj c ;n !:!■:!.■ 

.■ .;, '.■ ):■!■■; riil'Tv, f.r. ■ Tf... I '..II..:-. ..:;.i L ■Kv.-.ii: 

Bi.d rati] n-urh bui ...... L- ir. r - in icluirrjj, huhUumd; 

Ichrji hj "Hot." 

n.ihv Ii u ,l M 
rlin L.-!ju;.-|...< 

I'N-klfk-k l':.r'.-. 
DinJ L\..'[..nj..|.i 
Bleak ilonro. 
Link- I.-..,rr,r 

■' " lull Law Library .lylo "o (5 

" =>..'!■ !, lull ■ I 1 -. - I' '. iJzr-.clc. i:. .-. 

Pat!M,d la Sit Uifa-nu SjltJ. 

Till' Iluml<-cim--i nluj.sji |. tu[H|.!«ota ITlUlWO volnnua, . 

■ ■lurii'.', li.:Li.. ji..: |.rli]i.'l ,in .■, il.Lrt ■.: l- im- |i|>'r n, ,1 
-I-'IJ-.I.-I 1..<.;| .:■. \:i'. .>,:..i..L. : . .11 il>. r ..:.r. .:■: ,nr, , !!■•,. 
In tL.-!Ml.::t l i. J [■ I.[l.:.,|,rl:,t..||f l . l iil, :: ,-|T|'..-. I--.W. f, 

1» ojln will (w .old for (ID. Tho cuUowtai; nrclhrir nua-a 
Li HI o BorriL 

]'i..-'.-...,.-fc I'd.-i. 
iJii's..::.' ;.'(-.,.• 

aioltha, br - 

|| 'J U B l'cij(,'n'-,rli V '.iV , |', , ''. , . , i'," 

" " Half nit lull !-;i; I- -■.. 

Published and Tar sale by 

Mirtin Cliuuloiril. 
BaronaT Rudio. 

U[.|C,|SI,. T . 
Sketches br "Bar." 

l!, ill. .■,!;<:.(, back*, tit. 10 M 

■ ran ■ ■>!..■■ of binding 



B *S» 

PRj Hr.!.]!..:r.:Jil:t. 

a ^ri p-'nciu 

111 i* M ej Liridi 

- 5 N 5 M-de 

01 « i> 3 C°rda 

"Spa £«■„.( 

5 § ri M iSS™" 

U j ih.™ E ^ 3 o 

fixins " k ' m 

poj^.r 2-03 
iJsnHna in«i f rJ g 





<~V<ii: Pnpijetar bus i ho pleuura of oflorlne to Ibo 
Ibc Bnett 

Mltooof T 

F of (hot 

TriE rAQfETIES — DDlbn^illf; 04 Uloy" do 


And nlbo an unusnallj fine crop of 


WH S E B T> S . 

A]] of n-bich wo oflbr upon as roasoniiblj 

low terms as thoy can bo bad at nay 

rcliablo cstnbligbmcnC. 

SgOnr Peach, Apple, Cherry, Apricot, jm 
- 1 -- Neotarine, and Plum Trees, 2L 
Aro voty largo-siied, many of ihcra of very Biipc- 



Dealer In Agricultural Implements. 

B it at 

tied trei 



122 Long VTIinrr, 


noil rJS. ir>-r ** 

«Oi. rajl 0F ""^jfl^/^ «^«^T SHEETS, 

" S O-ALLEH.-yj 
-A- X. r, E R -y i 



Dr. C. M. JACKB()N. C pbiJarl e l p iii fti Pa-i 


■P" -A- N O _ 

V A KT O B ' 


110 and 112 Clay Street, 





*o., tbo. 



P1 F ™«' E "" bU ' to '»M. 
ASK i;aci,s Ai „, . - j J :', "' ' HAM: 

'•^..■.N.i ,.-. i i,,::i.,i -;,„::,, [■::;■■'■■■ ■ -:^-i^>.. 

Tt, M f h ''"t" 1 '! '" l' lc1 ""' "lull "' "™""W 

bdJl, " n , t p klne 

f»" 0n bund Md fof „[-__' |,„..^., 

aB0.c'JO[.ulL tl ' 1, " 

'.<- r V.'i.r: . Ii,..i b ..' 

.rtrcall, mil ontnino for thai 

id rononi in tanLinir their ontonnill pleain to mt 

>d Ibo iin tbay Hbb, na followc 

Frora3reotto E root high i 

From 5 ftat to 7raothiebi 


Wo call particalur allontlcn (o oor fplondi.l stojk- 


Tije FrsEaT and Labqest in the State, 

omlircwinL- nil tho Uncut nrlolliH, and or wblob wn ca 

funiUh Iroos !n largo qointitltj, and of the vorj fine 

All il 

Mattel of fralu lb at 

■all, m 


HAVING croctod a pwd ihop, irtth faoilltlos n 
hcralvftTe pi-M'jadby any bin."- in (in- ;-i ,i. i 


it Uiii In thli Btalej 

^ i,n ™T«nariojica, oar! a ltooslod K D of tbo 
lUhatlBao un.l^ill Jn'lo'Sth'foc 

ih.ill mgetirilh a oood ihara of pi lolartjl^d in rbL- i„,Uic 
Jid doroloptneot of tho ajrlcnllni. 



is FORTY-NIKE, have 

->r J i.i-in..„.r".V,, : ' , !;,y, , .' : " l , j , ' i .,„ l . 

-iru.!,, „.. ... |i:i , ,.,.,.. Jl 1: ,.. ir ._,J ,■■„,,,. 
Il,f,.,,l, ,.11 Niv-Livc,.,...:,,,,,,. J .,„„,,] 



Htewlte, and 
( pirtic! 


GIST u there Is botw, 

r.LiI,.,,- ,f].. r ,- ..., bttm-c i 

[>r U .-i:„,i,, L .,, -,,,[ ,1,;,.,, ■„,; 

I -i.lilKli, .1 LcElllmnli 
till. City. ^ 

ii .. I'U'.l'il: iindi, bHI'il. 

I ' r . > _- _ l - -. im .la 1 r ,„■■ 

rio"od up tbr 

i*.j I hato tha honor lo belong 

Ballbriog that lift I, to all. and that tho people 

tiau Uio Price ViiuJir CLnrccl 

■ - ' n^ilSalo. and of 


oroiTlrjun, NEW. 

. ..j, . 

B EST Z^in'c':'^ r'."" 


id thoroachli uro-nreof 

'l!'-..l'i l.'r'':..-.'. ! ' "iij,,'.'. 1 ,,,' 7 .'" ,"''•' p ''"'l.l .rid 

tog la the nub, Coital 

lm.vliib ; > u ( Eril 

•od gnu Do- 

~tesa4I« •"* •— »*» 

f"«J.^dJDn H ta.I O C^ 0n J..^ dMBb 

„ „ BlXTITLr. 

do a. builncu on a OASU BASIS 
'"il horclor„f,:i,y,., r ,| il . 

'i:.'[.V tn,': 

Ibo fuil 


Tlio immense tjunntitj' of fruit Bent otcry year 
rom (bis ciUbluhmoot to EarromontoooiJ Sou Praoolreo 
itariinu, baa ai jot boon ooiurpnMod for idle, qqalitj- 
.od flavor, aad no iwlioro oar f.Kllitlfj Tar being 

In tho department of 

Shade and Ornamental Trees, 

re have a very flue stock of .11 tba loadlne rarittioj, 
.mo i-aiy 6na oilra loriro treea of tbo 

uUeoJarlr ibo latter, H0 bato a largo lot or froni 10 r 
J Teat high. 

£?£ Shmba and Roses. ^ 

Egg A voir oHonslvo collocHon of nil tbat i. $& 

Tlio Grecohouso DepartniDnt is q 
our really seporb iloolror 

la uncqoalorl by anithlop; of tbat (ort In tho Stall. 

Garden Vegetable Seeds, 
Of this year's crop, flno and of first quality, put 
up in packers, all jiicj, tuiiablo to tbo trade, ffu- 

For fuller particulars, tec our now Catalopuo 

■Jinn, and bOTo nndor way, tbe man niacin ring of 

1,500 Cast Steel California Plon-g ; 


thli counlry. 




<tc, ic_, &B. 
In addition lo Hbnt I mannfaetoro, Iihall eorulanlly 


jTbleli (Und, it. point or true ujorlt and trorth, o lt „ather 
Ohio V ' 1 " '" Bro '" s S rical,UI °- 1 St31 ° "f 

no'dT rion ™ ri .™ r o" 1 wi "t "■ call, and «e for Tonisalf, 

■imr.iy i.,.:-. , i - ■■■■.!>■ „-.■■ ':„,'. i 1 1 i, ,' i v ";; v,', i ',,.'.. , "'i"i,'; , .. ! .T 

;,"!'.■",;■; n ^'". ""•••• '■'■ !■! I-- ■■■[ :>--.i,iil'..,r,l 





^ ..■ ii..-.. Kcoked tho asoaclMfortho foll DK ln E rola- 
,"';.'"" "'nri,,,^, -nnetiin.. tm, anteloiapar- 

'' ■i''i".. : - ! ;;r l uir. w.i ,., D , , '" "'' "" 


"iMrly „][,„■„,„ 

I thorn, and bot 
■d'wE'wiLLTR i Y°" 



AT Iblj p 

Tho Largest Family Grocery Slore in thisCity! 


"W" 3 ^^ 11 " 1 ™Pl°°^d"o Ut .took, and aro „o 



88» <k S 

iiy, Boiler., Snunpcn, Amolpuua- 
SI and hoi : auortmeatof Oar and Ml- 
Ii '.■V'-'',' '■' ' wWl:l1 w B"»'orK«id«J 

WM. H. M o O E B, 

San Francisco Brass and Ball Founder., 

»0. 6S hali.koi; sti:eet 

tltoir orAmerleaa Ksehanjo), 

Gauge Cocks, Cylinder Cocks, Oil Globes 
Steam Whistles, Hydraulic Pipes aud Nozzles 

FOR MIKiXii pJiiij-o^L-i 
COUPLING JQIKTS of all,,,.. J .^, 

.' J., ii Ii Mr--,-. £„ „\ Adnoumtlor; C 


r"'od; Lncl, ., 
l^rr.,lr--l,.,', 1 i LAW, 

Ho 'tho Markol 

Who Wants a Cheap Piano T 

""■-■"<■' ' ' I, " r, " Ilr ""' ; """'',-,'.;; , . il „ ", , ;. l :i-,. , ,!'"i'i' 11 



Marktt Sqnore, corner of Bmh and Market rtruobi 

..iun„i,'.„ ^ : ri:^["niiFu:u-'":' : i''!r'ri'"J 

'J",;; 1 ,""'-' f-! 1 '"'" ■'■■! ".'.il.f. ..111..- .I...rv, t 

Broom-Corn Wanted, 

Aul^ L ? T '^ F ?RO0K.OORH will f» porcha.ed 

focnrl li "' ,, ' r -'.-''- 1 ■■.■L.. | .l.- ..f lf„, f. mB CB bo 

Warded by W,op... ,., j,,,,.; A „,„.,._ 



Stills, Worms, Brow Kettles and Heaters, 

lift and Force Pumps, Brass Work, 

tfo. 80 Jack, on ,treet, 


^IjHe califobni a fabmeb. 

Letter bom Now York. 
[Fran out Spcrfil Compel"*"!.) 
J,-.. Tiirt Oi-tlM-Tb. C.ia^rl.l-Cb.B". 

Hapi'vNpw Year to job. U«»«- Ed,l °" 
Printers of the Caltfobsia FAitsir.n. rut.1 
von lintre many reliinM of Christmas, 
Years. Fourth of July. «a n««>y- =»">J' b 
inps ho added to yi 

Huro among o 


o huro oitcndod and 

accepted tbo oompliments o( the season, and 
many a. hearty groeting wonld have been sent 
orer tho naves to numerous friends in ths fjolaen 
land, if the tteamer* had had bnlf the aniioty 
that ire all feel to greet our friends. 

From the Old World, wo loam that financial 
thunder bolts hare fallen thickly and heorily 
upon the business interests of the mn»oa. Inc. 
Indian w or dratM heavily along, th-m-li England * 
poltont troops' are adding fresh loorols to tie 
many already waving; in every breero. 

Tho Chinese are m Q'^H"n^-'n''" 
n n-v,-ni»l 1 I-..I...J - i-i;ii.|-.i.;i, ri.-iin-l . 
In the iprlDg. H "ill t..-i._..i>t like the rat 
cnsrrinp tW file. Hut John Cliiiiaiiino must bo 
rasped iolc a*™-"- «* the jV 
Bull will r 
onnrae bring thenl to immediate terms. 

OnlhcEisri']- mi Cuiilim-nt tin re nre constaiit 
soeci'-.'u'iis- ..f shades and pt'iim|> f cs of sunshine. 
■dternstions of hope and fear; but Invert heed 
:„,t Um- njdiiTi.ini; stnrm. and •« the l'rilicr--- 
Kovnl of E upland is to be married on the 2oth 
inst- ; even if the Sepoys thnu-h her soldiers all 
put .if Iinilo, i« id I*r"."ia slmuM nut relieve her 
di[ilum;ilit relntii-nsivitli .Siviir.rlo.nd; or if Na- 
poleon should froterniM with Austria and Itus- 
sin, to quench the fires of patriotism that are 
buttling f"tlh from many hearts amoiijr the 
fioirn-lr.'dil.ii mitinos of the Obi World. May 
the married life "I the young Princess bo as ei- 
Bmplnry and hnppv os that of her royal mother. 

The Holidays have shut out nil the JtnrUiog 
incidi --His in lidali.'n t" the interminable Kansas The battle will bo renewed in Con- 
s this wivk, and continued on the bleodv 
" " -bam 
,t alt 
General Walker has been taken, and brought 
lo Washington as o prisoner, but dismissed by 
Gen. Cass. He claims lhat the U. S. Govern- 
ment had no right to lake him on fun -ic» -"'I ; 
that ho bad lauded, and no one had any right 
lo interfere with him. lean see no difference 
whether bo is taken on foreign soil after land- 
ing, or on foreign icaltri before lauding. The 
man of destiny may bo reserved for a slill 
greater defeat than ho has yet known. 

Wa have a in.rf.-ct (''nlifoniiii winter thos far, 
to tie great relief of the many thousands of 
poor and needy in the whole Union. 

Serero indisposition has long prevented mo 

of I 

F-ponsibtc work to 
voted tbeniEtlies. 

I,,,,.,, |,,l,: f llii-i "'--iviy Hiattho undcr- 

.i-„ 1 .l S | t i ! lio tde public for the liberal assist- 
„„-,-,., ur-oil! i.ri.i-.l; not in reliance on the 

f,,rce <'f Hie i'...r.l- ihev -; -nV, tlion-h thee come 
; <n (he heart. The terror, tho shame, ihe inn-- 
,iu„ie of the suffering tbev plead lor, liud 
ipr.smn in hriiuase. Uul thrj philanthropist 
villfeel it: the i.'liriMian. li.-kini; forward to tho 

coininj; Christinas, the birthday of 

isly aided ._ ... 

Mrs Irctn shame and ruin, v.ill shine Lritht-r 
his mind on the day of rejoicing tbtn will the 
c on his hearth. 

Friends of all creeds, but sharers in a common 

hope ! children uf one f'.nli,r ! come to our aid. 

On behalf of tho Woman's Protective Emigri- 

'EuzaBETii B. Phclps. Prcsidout. 

Eliza W. F.minu*ji Secretary. 

Sul,r.-,i|,i|(,i,, Hjlljr l.u ai.l'iillv revived hy 

r. L T. Warner, i'.> LifMeiie I'bi.-.: ; Ceorgu 

H. Jones, 13-1 William street; 0. B. Potter, 

Conrllamlt PI ice. HrradiMv ; Tim-. Trui-f- 

dell, 141 Pearl street ; It. W. Heurtly, 2 liowling 

cibW, V t™ '»< 
Retail Plica i 

m writing 
roost cheerfully resume my pen. thai holding 
converse with you and our friends in L'ulii'-riiii:. 

An Appeal far Diatltnlo Women ot tho 
A few weeks since, we made mention of a plan 
then in progress in New York, to relieve the dis- 
tress among working women, couwd by the panic, 
which threw oot of employment bo many thous- 

We now present the result of thoe plans, thu 
fortnilionor a society of ]adu-.- r cnlltJ the "Wo 
man's Prolcctivo Emigrarion Society." Their 
panose is to aid the emigration of all who wish 
10 go west, We present their appeal for aid, 
Sympathy and cooperation in Ibis great work of 
bomanily ; sod we trust an appeal so urgent will 
not fail to bu responded to liberally, even by 
Californinns. And we trost that Calif,. run may 
beoneof tho places where many shall find happy 

To T 

i FntEt 

a IIelplebb.— A cry 
even »i iuis momeni, goes up lo Heaven from the 
n^oiiiied heiris of hundreds of young, and, 
bilhcrlo.pnrc women; who, until recently bout*! 
and honored laborers in woiliMiop-, nui) stitrtH. 
have suddenly been cast upon the world— home- 
less, friendless, penniless— and who now, in the 
madness of desolation and want, are trembling 
on the verge of tho dark stream of vice which 
pollutes our flircd IS. 

Fathers! mothers! tbink of this— look opon 
your children— and place them but for an instant, 
if you on eodore the picture, in the position or 
these sntfering ones ; with the terrible alterna- 
tives ol starvation or dishonor ! Think of the 
pure lips thai have opened but lo the language o( 
modesty and to the laugh oT innocent joy, becom- 
ing the hot portals of blasphemy and ob-muty, 
and of the wild merrimnntof reiklevs inehrieiy ! 
Think of the bright ho|its elu-niiiii: uruiiLj tin: 
future, as rlricken down and withered; of ihe 
lives or honor and usefulness as cast away. Fol- 
low the lost ones in thought, ihrough tho agony 
of lha list death of hope and the triumph of 
dcipair.and through Ibo loathsome history which 
succeeds; and trace (hem (h us, step by step In 
their (l<iwnwar.j progress, lo the lant scene of all, 
wheu the defaced image of desecrated woman- 
hood lies lifeless on its wretched pallet— ai onre 
a reproach and a warning ; anil ,.ni , an Chrislian 
men and i.oiu-o. r.1,,11 n... ., u,i„ sj5 l,e so, while 
jou, Blowaidi of God's bonniy io ihe various 
inns. ire of jour power, have the means lo miti- 
gate, if nol lo arrest, Ihe ma.di of ruin 1 

Hggerated language— no incon- 
,! og to the Ret. Mr., 
■"■lln.rin ,:„„], | he tiled 
who have been driven Ihe ire-, ni, i ml 
swell Ihe in,l: s of th.j 
at l,..ii.( fijl.;-,! hmuind'. 

Bid era Le appeal. L 
than whom no b 
the number of v> 

on leasts 
How far 

in, men, . -1. 1. 

10 oe surpassed iu fact, maybe iid.rred i>. 
nhatfollowa: Very ri.-.entl t n-.arly „n, tl,.,,,-,, 
applicants mr.e in their nnin,-, within n lew ,]-,- 
to some benefolent Indies who hod' 
lest theeitentof deslitulion imonnt ikilled ■ 
unskilled workwomen, with a view - " 
apply the necessary relief. Sum 
appllcanii possessed One Or two do 
najoritj, were wliully destitute 
only-four hour 

rket hero, is much needed in Iho thriving 

; and it renuires but tho methodienl appli- 

of sufficient means to promote their ern> _ 

n to places where homes and employment 

■await them, to achieve ilieir s-Jeiy. '" 

machinery, indeed, of eii'-iinj; ^ivieties is ai " 

■-- which urgently de- 

— .!.. . n Jo proinpland 

.re. But to 

Leon formed 

demands eJclusit- .. 
liberal, llioiiali careful eipeinhtni 
.eel this difficulty, a Society has 1 
under the name uf " the IVomaoy ProWcti' 
lion Society, 

ch awaits only tho donations 
cominenco iho great and re- 
which its founders haro do- 

■e that 

i Inch V 

Waihingun Market— February G. 

SawinJlWir; . 

aru.B«k. ■■ lit 

;'i:. ■ 

- _■:■■. ■■ 

Cill!oni!iE M .,t>JD 


Native IVlncN ami Brandies. 

JflJlr«cUeJ.CT ?urtnUe. Irani Loa ADrycle*. 


Sparkling CallTurnla 



Lyon & Co.'b Brewery, 

IDS Janla .mat. 
n. TilEuniliinii-ntdlHiEleavoloiiiak 

' LYON k CO., Empire 




Pbotoibtou or ins OBrmA^Tow.t Nunstsnias, 
GcTiuiintovyu, Philauelphia, Pn. 
gSlncludea Id bis baalnesa the collcctiun and 
-21 imporlntiou of 

Every Kind of Tree SocdH 

That tan bo obtained In Ihii eonolrr or Europe- A Prleo 

fiirr.r.l ■. f '■"/ T" ■ Hun lr*-l r|-?cn • "Inch can lOPor- 
nlli 1- , I-! iin-1 nilb c-rldntv, L' i-.'UtJ ovary SI«J. In,1,,,. .1 ,h„ f . : I ri,.: nil..-. - iv- tn afford pur. 

chrjon an opjK.nur.iiy m |..r>...r,l il,.dr -iJ't i e.irl" 

z. c 

few of t 


It.hle : 

I ol ll 

■ini: juung ,, 

f New Ti , 

•hrmkiiif fr ii„; dul, n( ,-h irity, and askini- 

only leave to live by Ihcfr labor. A -ichl lull „f 
|.i'-i io«e; or horror to retlwt upon, whr " 
the possihllllies of their f ulurc liiB V p te r i 

Hut lucre ia a way lo hi 

to btneflt lhaa 

It is this: 
The labor of these young Bomen, which flnds 

iclfthe:--,.- |*nule: away. 

«l..,„lel| l . l;lu , 1; , ' 
"--'» hy their m 



lL Prod 

R- H. BENSETT, i CO., 

&The Best Grape for Out-door CnltTire 


00,000 I-RTJIX TKEES. 
ajS r x>,uuo NimsKRY tkkes ,-.f H- VtfiV ' iniiri.-T 

— I-,.!' -'"'i'uii'j.' ML..' '! -.-'." ■■ ■>.'':.■■■: i^m'.-ii' .-riW 

T!,.i V..:i..-IL,:j '..l.-i-r "f -Ar-J-le. !''■■". I'l'im, Cbfrn-, 
IVii.-ii, A|Tk-:, N- .:!inrir, on I -ill tho needed klodj of 
i„„iii,.-.|,,, i!,| .ml I [Vie. ,1* Gordon. 

T!,,. „nliT.-i.:r,.-l hilin,: li:..| 11. c r>|*rioDeO ef JOU" 
in Ei..-land. anil uin'.T year* ia tin riurseryof Hovoy & 
Ca -I'M i..-n,.|mi.|l.,e,. I. ali..a)Ih..l Itcyrm »:irr..t,t 
'irecl to rbcj an nTHOMIltad, and lhat Ibey 
bin i.i1;mi |.:,i[i i I.. MiTor a i rh'iico r. culleiliLli nt cm t'O 
l,if..ui, l.nibo State. 

Pur.-ti ..«. on- intiseJ . . vL-i! tbo Nonary, " tboy 
rnjj r-l ,...nre,i lbs ,] uality uf tho Trcftl unj [be r,rito 

D3-C, W. Lecocnt, f-f S,n Ftnnci-eo. it nor nnlr 
Agent. 1231 D. S. FOX 4 CO. 

US" FOX & CO. haro received from Hour*. Hovir, 
of fJoiton, 

10 D Concord Orapo-vinej, 
■aid io bo Iho fia-jt Gr»|* io ET°"lh for aiklnr- Wico i 

AIm, Ihe far-femod KEIIECCA, tho Coeit Wbito 0i8|-> 
over rid-ed 

aoo i;:.u:"M".-- .ij-j.;../.(.-..i .«rr.tir'ii£/;/r)-. 
lb irtatu! Strat-btsriTof ibodiy; all o( uhleh no 
offer ob liberal tarmi. 2 



^f& tie OLiy STREET, «J 

J[ Kor.b«.t ..mar of aan.amo. *£ 

o. l. :k E I* L O Q a-, 

ffmn-rlj ■>/ J. K. Moout i Co., OillflrnU tittti.} 

ECalliaspakllo attaritlun lo our NEW SEED STORE 
ro d-cm a It-mbe-ned nolleg unnoM-siry. Wovrould 

Sfotjc « Entirely Nevs, 

Aejwotb.lllteupafallmj.wrtuiootof Iho 

riiolrrll I- on l K n nn.t Don, I. lie Fl.lil, llert,, 
VrJJitnl.l., ridliir, mill Tra ■ieeill, 

-ii:..v,-:i 'i:i"i' : --;-M:ii'v'-|':'['. "[-[.iTv.WMiiH n, n..- .m 

L.i.rv iniclo i.| |-:rr.iii.ln t - til Ibo bnjioeu fgratlhtd at 
ro-i ■ n.ii-l" r-i r ■■ ■. .i< ,1 it.iit 1 i , ri-nrMonted. 

■\'l ...I r- M SI Li>-. T1IF-.K.--. Vltilj.J . r l-t.ri.lll HIS 
BuOT#. JJ...I.J i.. i; I. Ki:i.l.i.>i:ii 1 (JO, l.j-niill i, r i, II,. 

C '<'■ "- ui ii. Ktw VoiK, I C. L. 81:11,000,8.11 FnnrlKo, 

I'-.i,i-!i-..[c.-.„.-It:.I|.|:i. r I. in:- I, ■-! J. JI. .'l — r,-i (.'.,. 

Partner. | SMm 

Cranberry Plants. 


IS tba kind bc'.l aduplod fur eolllv.ilion ondsmn, [oatnr 
..1.II, ; ,l.,.,ni.ell.....-...ri..-..rr,i„l. „|,.„ .....bu,.- ,.| ... 
nlttltri- WI|>..i.,]...i:..Tl„.i ;,,,., ,bf)„rt,.|i 
bear from 

£00 to 300 Bruhel) per Acre. 

i\it/i IluchelU (or Lawton) /Slackheny Planti 

ot Ibe «enui nn virioty, at reduced prlcei. 
S9 per doicu tlUpor bnadral (So per 000. 

Brincklc't Orange Jiatpbcny, 

*a perbucarwl |l SSperdoicn. 

Fine Red Anlv.-cr]i T Franconia. Knot's tU Glotit, 

and Fastolf Raspberries, 
%i pcrbucamd OiV, eouu per doien. 


Price » Io 7S cenii eeh. 
(arni'ly <J?.*l\"teXu '■',<■.■!■.».■ ,'.'il ' 'l\r"c"™n Yoking 
t'»nKr.n,<.r bj 1-tt'tr In ibo jubicriber, by lnc°oiin e a 

eli-iii..: ti.Miiin .11111 I «»iilJ ni... ■u.:.- t .i,iii n ■■■ 1 1 i- -■■ . 

Fornlaby p, TROWBRIDGE, 

DerJi-r In -very vDrler, .1! TliKJ:s. I'l.wr.J, VIHEM, , !c . 

Alfalfa Soed. 

np 1 !' 1 -'- "--I ■■'■ ■!■ ;-■■■.■.'-' i, I \ -i.p;ii. „ 
"-:' " 'w.ii'lHL.V i 'Vl!!! TiVwuMoeSBi, « ( Lp „,!.,), 

Chinese Sugar-cane Seed, 

^[■UJtK uul riDhlileMlele. Yor ,-Jo la l.^e or „„.|, 

■ii Ploii-er, V. c,l, „„el AgTlculmml, S.teU, o[ 

[!-■ .1. ir EH <iu-JJiiat, by I "— ■ "■ 

JAHKa u. TitoitnijftN i co. 
Rare Malon and Cnoamher Seed. 

e. r ulm m doa WLU " lltllB ^ , v l i 1 ;iltV :u ,i' , '';^ hy 

J 130 Wartlmptci, .imt (ap .lilr.) 

. 8 ^I5» . Bcct and 0h iiieae Bucar-Oano. 
A ^hk,".X c u'Jtm " l ""■ ob,a "*' iu " " xti " i 

. w Ann em a co. 

The Leoiinrdi Cauliflo war , 

1 r i. ■;';:;! i^A^^a 

i'Vi'i'i.'.'-;.-!, '^i.'-.'. , ,'''.i'.";;;;: , ,;' l ;i t , , ,i . , ;'V '"■"' '■' ''■"' 
i-r i i-..ip..-i-...v:i.a.-. | ^ v.- lll! a , . ( - 1 :;-:-; 1 ,;" 1 '-"- 

Union-City Pl our ^ 
C°,S^, L I 0S " Ati ^ ™^r..i.l.Wito,rJi 

Cordage manufactory, 

W munls C | U riiH' , <:oi[l>Ar,L 'I !!■' ''"" ■,■■■'■) lt„ni 

Premium Marble Work» I 


_ Marble Mnnl.d- a 
tonoTllo. Oranlto, 

jon.v A. WOIiF, Mannracturcr, 

And IvTioloialo and Retail Dealer In 




jlfortet street, beticeen Bealt and Main 
ban FrtAticiaco. 

,i.,i, 1 r . d ... - . j .-./• i.'r.i',7:ii /. 




^a Harm 


jS, Saddles, Bridles, &jjfr 




No. 8U Bailer,- Street, 

N. D, — Itopolrlm 

[<r,,ni]iElv nllejiJi-d ■"-— Good a,iortmrra 
nuei.HuseSiDCkioad Li.bc, nfilwbca 


Invenlori and Solo Manofaetaren of the 

Patent Aji ll-Filc lion Avlo Grease 

For Coachti, Wagons, dj-c. 


^ .vnio^J^S-^tn ft 

Tin and Coppenvare, Sheet lion, Haidware, 

ArC, dcC, 


Corutanlly nn bund a nod arMrtmenl of Cooklor;, Par- 
loi, Air.TieliHindothariirjvM. 

!:■ .,fi(,. : . .|.,l, : -.-( i-i, r> ,[,1 ■ -ii|ilir.n doao to order, In 

007- Wind Mill.' mndo l« oidor, ehtap. 

.-:■ ■■M"u. Ai'..i-t, le.'i'. rtj-ajam 




California Bteam Navig ation Company, 

Btanier NRV 

Ar.TKI.Oj'1-.. C.. F ,t. i:. 

Bod Blrufi, 
I. WttlTNEV. Jo., ?rei|j. 


'-HAU1 1 .- .'!IHTIHi:i.A:,-„ 

Presents Tor tlie Holiday-* I 

john wTtuckeb. 

Importer of and Wbeleaalo and Retail Lester 


Silver Ware, 

Jewelry, and 


Of all Kinds Constantly oa Hand. 


No. 1^5 Montgomery Struct, 

ebruio-forticlcir.rj.-i-tlry, t.y r.rirar.liric .1 J,-, rii.nm. 
ac-.uijMiii.d l.j ll„-,-.L:b.c.-.N ..|,;„tii thtra, ami ,lc|<ntl 
■ : ' 11 ' ■■. fll ■ - ,i-:i- ...i -,-|. rllbi ire- 
•>ii<J ihrrre i- lutk-.l .uliji il .■,],- niiti,nne m,at. 

i'!:irl,,rj |,Ml>,-|.JT.-li,.[irj^ ji tbt srlido tod been H- 

^TP eraonJ in the Interior wishing- a 

CaBaaToltdoRol.)f l .r-i.r,lii.jih,„[dKi the odd 

Read; far Canng, tB 

n n;.\n-'Ai.t..n'i iiii.i,.. :,|.. ri ,. 

I..'i- VllliuX OUror, 
II. ILltKltMiN, L,j. Aiii-lc*. 

OTIS Y. SAWYER & 00., 

Rubber Hoie and Packing, 

HordBare; Fairlanlu' Platform and Conntc-r Sea 


Ho. HO North lido or f^yj^ Wajlilngton jtrcot, 

t ,i'"..i."7?" ■""" ^"""r D,aU " "• t ■"*'", f-iritmuirfy 


Hardware, Crockery, Qlaw and Woodenware, 

AgifGnltiml " ^|! i , » anil Mining 

Pioneer Hordwara ond Arfri cultural Emporium, 
Cm-o-r of Mai, „i J-| oJaJa mat . 


By JACOB SUHliEIBER Wh ' ,al "' I> ' 

ffH -.-■■v-|. li 7 l ," , "v , - ,r '" - 1 "-' ll-..l..r(n ik,i.,m 

T 1 , 1 ,o P d^! a fJ tr E lu lINO D0NE " 

— '-■"l-laull)-',. 

Soather,, ¥c " 
No. 179 Joe 
,» L ?~A11o^; 

• l IM door belon Koam 


When you visit tho States, rcmombor " Oak 
Hall," tlto Pioncor Clotliing Houao, established 
in Boston, Muss., in 1841, whnra you trill fin3 
ovary article of Clothing rmd Furnishing Gnodi 
(on tho one pricu uyatom), necessary to num- 
pleto a gentool dress, for tho domestio circle, 
tho drawing room, or tho chnrch. Tho stock is 
daily replenished with goods mnuufhoturod for 
the Wholusolo and Itetuil trade, and offers great 
iiiiliici.-iiii-nis to purchasers. 

Nog. 2B, 30, 32, 34, 30 and 38, North street, 
BOSTON, Mass. t7-H1j 


. S. 



. •* 



Clay strcot, 


m IB, ,,-roba.o and »!<• of Sloek, of o.crr dwcrifliLio, 
Bill Cni a Kcgutcr ko r t ot oar OHea, f^r tbo 0ntr7ot.ll 
Slook for nalo, and Iholr Tall and corroet |«dlnre Mr (0 
that ror»ni irhn have Stock fur .ale, „ „L,b (o ,,urthaK, 
cu rnia Imiurlut Inlnnnmiun Tbato in irantorohntrt 
Stock rrill Cod thlj opportonitj a rsloatilo one, a> n« are 
Id njrrrjiBiiidDiico itlih Iho pilnolpat Stock Urotdori lo 
tbo Slatoi, anil ore fullj prejiarcd ot oil linmi to mike 
(.ill'.. tifii.-iVinrin,. qualitr. 
vISl t Q ' 4 .JW"- 'V , f ™° 0» Ea-t, mil b. 

f '. u . b J«' 



I .■„,.„.. ... ■■„. „.,,,.. ■ .rir,.v.:l,. 

Fotilgn Aprnu. 

lu^" 1 " 1 " 1 "' , ™ l ^ l ''- 1 rn'ilh?nJ^V,V 1 ! ,Xt,ucU.oiriE'i>' 

"",H| b | CtlVcf 1 rrJno >o to otbor pn™ wllbDul infonolM 
Bli'liT.HBiJ ih,. ,,jp,. t 1, ,„{,„ ifcefurnitr aincllfli 

, .. 1..I.1 i.-.i,.,,,:!,:,. 

1 ■'■;■'. ii.-- u i;„ t- — ■ 
-MTrbtBBortUouijKdltU.rloljitlaDet .w 

SI » & S « ib m H IS 


(ft CaliEontiit . 




M.iduio? and Manuring — No. 3. 
[It nil) be untied! Ifcefollowin 

immrar^ in Number 21 of Fotame VIII., 

and should jpioji.rlv luvc I >-. : .-n pnl-lis'iid [ 
bj the same author, as ln_- gives his reason* for 
li-iTin; the nre.-ini siilii;ci, fin J taking dp others. 
For some reason this article did nut com..- to uin.1 
St the proper time, and we have 'published two 
Inter ones mi ennlhtr f.ii.jeet ; but wo trust tbe 
reader will place the follnwrng where it belong, 
and thnt the Bttlhw'a well-earned reputation will 
tint suffer by tbo delay :] 

Editors Farueb: Thn physician at the bed- 
side uf his patient who tins ascertained thonnturo 
and oauso of bis complaint, and is owaro of thn 
kind of medicines to bn used tn effect n cure, 
would still bo unqualified to dichargo 
portent duty, if ho did not nlso know tho 
iu which those rnr-dicines nffoct the bum 
tern. So witb the skilled fanner. It 
enough to have discovered that a field 
doctivo from tbo want of limn or solpht 
bo must alio know tbo manner in which tho: 
accessory ciimpoin-iiisjif fertile soils ore to 1 
odded to it, to effect the greatest omount ■ 

To arrive at truths of this kind, there are h 
principal ways known to philosophers — by 
.priori, and apoittriori. arguments. In tho first, 
wo draw conclusions os to what must bn tho ef- 
feat of a certain cause, or combination of i 
.from ,10.0 nature nod qualities of that ca 
causes, now brought into operation ; and 

thereby discover effects withont perhap; 
oblo to account s atisfaotorily for tho mat 
which certain causes operate. Iu Agriculture 
it is of great consequence to be all.? to apply 

both modes of r 


■i that tbe . 

prevent oe from being misled by hasty 
sions drawn from tie other. Lot mo ei 
to exemplify this. 

olimp: Tho scientific man 

that i 


it of plants, and it 
rudo and im perfectly-formed soils. 
As a simple hydrate, that is when newly slacked 
nfter being burned, it is alkalino, nnd highly 
eflicient in promoting tho decomposition of any 
inert matter in tho soil. When ojposod " 
state to thn atmosphere it gradually regains the 
carbon of which it was deprived by bumii 
nnd consequently loses its alkaline qualities. Ho 
knotrs also that it is much more soluble in water 
in tho first than in tho second slate, nnd that 
before it can ho assimilated by plants, it must 
be presented to their rootlets, either in that 
condition, or in the form of a gas resulting .from 
snob solution. Tho mere practical farmer 
knows a portion of this without exactly compre- 
hending how mnoh. But bo believes he knows 
all that is necessary. The man of science, on the 
Other hand, probably supposes that ho knows so 
much that any further inquiry would bo super- 
fluous ; and consequently maintains a learned 
dignity which he thinks ho is fully entitl.d t„ 
nwumo. Tho common farmer in his oyes is a 
poor Hodge-n mere implement of labor. Tbo 
common farmer thinks bim a pompous ass 
My feelings are on tho side of formers, but they 
must not leave themselves open to censure, nor 

Tho troth is-now in tbo nineteenth contory. 
when education in all civilized donntries is 
placed within tho reach of tbe many when 
books of tho most valuable kind are told foi 

, and periodicals, conducted by 

for tho onvinblu occupation of tbo farmer, and 
tho domestic pleasures of rural life, there is 
many o young man, just returned from school, 
whoro bis mind has got freed from tbo narrow 
[ireiuJici's of national preference, who would 
like to know something of tbo way in which 
peoplo farm in other countries; as wol 
stated to bim, before ho sot serioasly to work 
on bis own account, tho manner in which a mi 
of experience would farm under tbu poouli 
circumstances of soil and olimoto in Califomi 
With this object in view, 1 deem it unnecessary 
on tbe present occasion, to ndvert to the subject 
of manures in their practical application, as 
they will naturally full into thoir proper pb 
; I proceed. 

There is onn thing however which I wish 
do beforehand, I observed about six weeks ago 
good deal of complaint manifested by tbo cor- 
'spondents nf tbo Farmer, in regard to Squir- 
<ls and Gophers, Thn subject is ono of im- 
portance to farmers, many of whom suffer se- 
verely from their destructive habits and rapid 
i Iti plica tion. I was glad to perceive that the 
Agricultural Society took the view of it thoy 
" certainly supposed that somo ono would 
essay on the subjeot, which thoy would 
deem of sufficient valuo to lay before tho public. 
I have written to tho Corresponding Secretary 
for tho purpose of ascertaining whol 
hai-a aoy saoh essay or not, nnd if they have 
not, I shall present my views to your reader* 
before I commenco to write on Practical Agri- 
culture. If thoy have, I shall defer any remarks 
I may havo to moke, till wo seo what tho Prire 

A Few Words from Onr Barman IriennV 
iVk havo always labored on in faith, believing 
wo should live to know that oar efforts in tbe 
cause of Agriculture would ho duly appreciated. 
Letters aro coming to us, from all quarters, tolling 
us of Ibo prosperity of this great interest, for 
which wo devoutly send forth rejoicing. God 
bless tho Farmers say we. 

Wo havo, among our good Farmers, many of 
tbo nblc and industrious from tho "old country," 
among them many Germans, and their prndeot, 
persevering labor wo trust will bo richly rewarded. 

The following kind words camo to us in a 
private latter, and wo feel it a duty to take tho 
liberty of publishing thorn, and thus show our 
appreciatinn of tho good will of our patrons. Wo 
trust our friend and all olhcrs, now suffering 
from tho troubles of tbo unsettled titles, will soon 
released. We hopo to hear again from our 

is got to say on tho ai 

', absolutely promise to write 
on Practical Agriculture, or on anything con- 
nected with Agriculture of any kind, fur recoil- 
which I shall briefly lay before your readers, 
so soon as I havo procured proper information. 

A 'Way to Grow Good Hfldiahea. 
We hare been requested to publish again ou 
plan of growing ISadishcs, Turnips, ic. Wi 
S tho best way in thii 

country, and 

those who 

ry will find 



annexed is tho plan wo proposed in 
Bih November tost : 

so of 

ifv, l'jr.:rii 
tidiHliL-g >r 

nays be gr 

The soil e 

deep sandy 1 
•f.'[.ltr- iftr 

no of the lu 
is, Carrots 


xuries of the 

nttd. and 11 
ction by tbo 





i Hi- 

elected should bo a rich 
am. After seleciin,.- itn 


t wide 



and a 

|:,II dee 

ing out 

trenches ; 

iparL In digging these trenches, eato should 1 
aken to dig the soil from the trenches and lay 
p on ihc space.?; in ridges in fine well pulveriz. 
onditien, .wring il in a smooth finished COI 
ition. By this plan tbo soil from tbe trench, 
ill be completely transposed, and tho virei 
ibsoil brought to tho surface. 
When this work is done take every other ridi 
id use them for vegetables in tbo follon-in 
miner: .\a the trenches are to be rcservL,] f L 
'.eStry, r\,.|„.-r>, J,^ pianig, ^ (tlo Mi] ( 
swill bo wanted for blanohin 
;liin S tbo other plants as the J 

the i.'dtr 


from tl„ 

ipon the other ridges, other articles 

id thnt in tho center of each 
" Carrot, Beet, Parsnip, 
io balance, eiglii unit,.; 
iscd^lbr plnnliiii/, it ;i .J, ; ;h, 

) planted. 

'.' Ill'Lll..,,. r. 

men who are fally versed 
.lished weekly in tho plainest language, 
toeing truths wbioh two hundred y 
would hove been eherisbed as secrets only to bo 
E"en as pass-words among the initiated— every 
former u „ Eh[ to bu ^ ^^ ^ ^ 

Physiology, ona Agricultural Chemistry. 1 
has been my eadouvor hitherto, as your reade. 

practical fan 
portion of yot 

B tho n 

i on tbaio subjects. To another 
_ readers, who evidently slnnr] 
more m went of informs^, I haT0 l rce , 
and anjtb.m,-! mean amateur farmers, men 
with more caj„tnl than practical skill, and who 
«oa 1 reel humbled by asking their poo[CI 

they are really anrious to learn, H siHkc, me 
prefers, that I would do well to change my' 
Sru'ltu'ri"^^^^^ ^^ 
capitalists with u bIhidjj attachment 


ions, Turnips, of sorts. Lettuce, Eudi. V| „.^ 
this plan, the soil Is rich, porous, and so pro 
>d that the roots will penetrate to a great 
lh, and neror suffer from the dry weather. 

iri'l il vill (,, found that oil the tap-roolcd ptnntr 
i'-lli i.-rii-.4- ]. JJJK ; ii,,| ■.|.,inl, ri rLn..ll. l .,; ilL ,.,: ! |,.Jii.,:r,. 
tious. and mur L - 1,...:lUIiv Umn un^vn ,,, „.,,■ oil,. , 
way. One thing should be borne in mlild— Tor- 
"ipsand Radishes should be sown for family use, 

as often asevery fortnight. 

gotablea will always bo at 

By thi 

II quant 

s fresh v, 

r will tl y this plan will thereby lean 
of subsolling the land, for this is tin 
way. Let it also bo remembered, nt 
this rich virgin soil, for two 
class or vegetables can bo 
ilher spot 

years, then onothor 

giown that feeds on u. uu ,,,. 

selected and used for this clsss' thi 

Intoreattue to FnrmerH. 

The result of feeding a milch cow 

partially upon Chinoso s-ogar-cane, says a Now 

Hampshire paper, will bo read with interest by 

formers ; Lady Tempest, half Durham cow, was 

in posture on tbo 23d of September, nnd V i,l,l,d 

41 pounds of milk. On tbo evening of that day, 

gnvo her ton short stalk, f ackers of Sorgho 

nob, if out up, would Ell half a bushel. After 

s, until tho 23lb gave hot somo amount of 

■gbum. night nnd morning, nnd kept her in 

no pastaro. Yield of milk : On 23d -I2i" 

pounds; 24th, 47 pounds; 25th, 47| pounds- 

Mtb, 49 poandsj 27th, 51 n puunds; H8th, 50J 

1b. Tho pasturo was affected by sat cir- 

oumslnnco thot would tend to increase tho feod 

(.....]] ndu.iLRtJii.tiu,,,. The weather unifennlv 

pleasant, eicept the 23d, which was rainy, and 

without frost affecting tho feed. 

We present a beautiful group of Palms— tho 
iminent tree in the group being tho ono named 
as abnvo. Wo give from authentic historical 
works tho following sketch : 

Tbo family of Palms form one of the most mag- 
nificent in tho vegetable kingdnm. Intermediate 
in their structure, between herbaceous plants and 
trees, they possess the lowering night and tho 
umbragcoos shade of theso latter glories or tho 
vegolablo tribes, with an elegance of form and 
beauty of proportion not inferior to any of the 
denizens of the weods or forests. Thoy aro all 
natives of tropical regions, nnd bring to us asso- 
ciations of bright and sunny skies, and a temper- 
ature in which their leafy shade and tho cooling 
products which they yield most bo peculiarly 
grateful and appropriate. 

Tho species of palms hitherto discovered, 
ceed 130 in number. Not only do they eicel 
fcry other family of plants In beauty and state. 
noss, but in tho luxurioncoof their fructification, 
midst tho solitudes of the South American 
forests, in placcs.far remolo from human habita- 
Humboldt found tho ground covered with 
oil of these trees in places to the depth 
inches. More than 12 000 flowers have been 
ed in a single sheath of tho dnto pah 
jalm, which bears on its trunk a varnish of 
is a native of tbo Andes. Tho cocoa nut 
i abundantly in the South-Sea islands ; and 
the plantain or banana, is dispersed over laige 
of the tropics. Tho sugar-cane, supposed 
anatiroof China, now grows oyer nil the 
West India Islands, as do also the coffeo plant, 
nd Indigo. Tho pino apple is conjectured to be 
natireofNovr-Spain; but il appears to grow 
ild in Africa and other parts of the Old World. 
The Mauri l ia Palm, figured above, also j 
>eo, grows in grta". at jiidaoce ou the banks of tbo 
rinoco river, in South America. This whole 
lunlry is snbjcct to ioundalioos;! ood the fou- 
ko branches of these Irees, look like a forcat 
sing out of tbecspoase of waters. The navi- 
nlor who passes along tho delta or the Orinoco, 
is surprised to sec tho tops of these trees lighted 
with Ores. They aro kindled by the Gaunchos, 
a people who havo remained for ages in these 
marshes, secured from the floods by living in the 
polm trees, In the branches thoy suspend mats 
which they fill with clay ; and on this damp earth 
kindle tbo Arcs which aro necessary for their 
comfort. Sir Walter Raleigh saw and described 
these people. Tho palm offers to this rudo race, 
as well as to other tribes who inhabit tho Gulf of 
Dirien, and tho watery lands between tho Guarn- 
pitha and tho months of tho Amazon, a safe hab- 
ilion amidst tho inundations to which these 
uutries oresubject. But it affords them also in 
I fruit, its farinaceous bark, its sap abounding 
lh sugar, and its Qbroos stalks, pleasant luod to 
t, wine to drink, and thread to make cordage 
and hummocks. "It ,is curiuuc to behold » says 
■mboldt, "in the lowest stage of civilization 
resistance of a whole race depending npon a 
iglcspcclcs of palm, in a similar degree with 
'"-which subsist upon ono specii 


onnds,and son "J 
put it a third higher. Tho soil is well adapted to 
this crop, and farmers who understand tho man- 
agement, curing and sale or hops mako it proflt- 
sblo. It requires a considerable capital to carry 
iton, a good deal of skill in curing, and the market 
price depending upon tho European crops fluc- 
tuates a good deal. It is an article in which 
speculators deal largely, and furluncs aro modo 
nnd lost very suddenly. 

Tho poles used by tbo best growers come from 
Conoda, end ore mainly spruce and cedar. They 
cost about fourteen dollars a hundred, and it 
takes two hundred dollars to furnish an aero with 
poles; then every farmer has to build a kiln for 
tho drying or hops, and a room for storing them, 
and a press for packing them in bales before they 
can be sent to market. Thoy require manure, 
and the general otjectinn urgci ngrnnst tliL-ir cul- 
tivation is, that they take nil tho manure of the 

Tbo beet land is selected for the hop-yard, and 
it ismado thopetoflha culti.otor. E sen thin- 
else must be neglected for this. The bops arc set 
out In hills about tovon feet apart, and it takes 
about five bushels of roots to supply an acre. 
The.=e roots cost from 75 cents io S3 per bushel, 
according to the j.rFc- .-,f hopj. They aro cheap 
now, as some are disgusted with tho fluctuations 
or the market, and are plowing up thoir yards. 

Tho rule is to set two poles to each hill, inclin- 
ing from each other, and to allow two vines to 
each pole. Tho whole strength of tho root i< 
thrown into these Tour runners, and all the sid. 
shoots nn tho first half of the pole are plucked ofT 
oarly in the season. Tho crop is plowed and cul- 
"rated between tho rows like corn. Tbo plow 
«- pretty deep in the middle of (lie f.^-u feet 
aw, and rery stmllnw near tho hills. Tho crop 
very light with young vines. A plantation 
it" 51* or eight years. 

11.'. pi. king r hops is mainly dono by giils 
ought from tho neighboring villages for tho pur- 
pose. The season only lasta about three weel:s 
and the wages aro about 32 50 a week. This 
naed orextra help in harvest time is ono of tho 
objections to this crop. 

Tho hops arc carried in sacks from plckinc 
boxes In the Held :.. ,l, t - l.iln. v. here they are dried 
by artificial beat. Some or tho kilns will dry a 
thousand pounds at one heat, nnd it takes about 
twenty-four hours to dry them, ft is tho prac- 
lo dry at night all that are picked during the 

"Tho cheering words you give to the farmer 
don't fall on sand with mo, and myself being n 
farmer of now dalo I derive much benefit out of 
your paper. As ynu well know, thero ore very 
many like myself in California, not knowing any- 
thing abaut farming and stock-raisiog.eicept tho 
dim remembrances of what thoy have heard and 
read about in gono-byo years, and I therefore 
consider you aro tho more friendly guide as most 
other papers give up most or their time to politi- 
cal and oiher struggles. A farmer, with small 
means, on disputed land (on Stuart's grant, whoro 
the disputing nhout God knows when will end) 
ban a thousand obstacles in his way, and is uncer- 
tain when the greatest of them will cease, or can 
be made to cease bothering bim ; but a kind word 


say the crop 


being few 

Hop Growln B In Honr York state. 
The Editor of tho Homestead, In a letter from 
icbraond Springs, N. Y., for his own journal 
furnishes the following information on tho subject 
of Hops. 
Hops aro the universal crop in this region, thoro 
farmers who havo not a yard, and some 
.Jltivating a dozen nr more acres. It Is 
■ :r 'T "■I"-<1 upon for ready monay, and 
ncd by most Tanners to tho neglect or 
everything else. Probably more hops are grown 
in the two counties or Otsego and Madison, than 
Te ,i , IT T &, . ttt0 - nnd Probably one-third 
■;"'■■■ I.- ".[-Kmc, i .,, [he country arc raised in 
this vicinity .it is estimated that there are 2500 
rZ 3 , O m,o ^ ia cr °P: lnd lllu yiold » from 

.''.".I !■: '.Till I ■■,,•;,!■ . ■,-, 

O to 2000 pounds to tbo ai 

day. After drying they 

room to air, where thoy remnin two or Three 

weeks, and aro then packed in bales with the 


Tho profits of hop-growing woro largo, when 
II..- marker. |u,ce , va s forty cents a puund 
many wont into tho business. Two thoui 
pounds to the acre is not an uncommon crop 
eight hundred dollars from a single acre |- 
easily made by any other crop, liut thoro 
Tew farmers who eschew hops on moral grc 
and thero nr" -"■ — -■■-- J - ■-■■ ■ ■■ ■ 
tho long run 

goesmalnly ._ . 

the increase of alcoholic drinks nnd so la intem- 
perance. '""-■" 

Soed Wheat 
Dutukq tho excitement rolativo to tho high 
prices of Grain nnd Flour, our farmers should 
forgot to rosorvo somo of their best Wheat 
to lay over for Soad onothor year, thnt thoy may 
carefully test tho bennflt of old I'td. Those 
who mi,y now bo in want of clioiet Seed Wheot, 
'■■"' ["'f 1' ■■■■■"! (.ijlil.! of Hi,. Vl , r >- best of J. T 

Little Si Co., on Clay 
best wo havo seen this 

breakfast is a rarity. Half the Kadishcs brought 
to market, and two-thirds that aro put upon tho 
tables, now-a-days, areoolflttocat. TheFrenoh 
aro very careful to have those that are palatable. 
Thoy grow them to perfection ; they cultivate for 
ill tastes, and very appropriately— the hlack Hod- 
ish for its stringency, the white and straw far 
peculiar flavor, and the oval-shapo tur- 
nip, long and domi-long, each and all for their 
vernl oscs. Tho greatest luxury among thorn 
I is tho Dejeuiie Radish, the breakfast Radish, 
small, bright scarlet turnip-Radish, of hard, 
solid growing quality, yet firm and Bwcct, very 
delicious, and worthy the especial coraand uotiea 
nf tho Gardeners of San Francisco. Having often 
don them in France, wo know their escollonco 
id speak of their good qoalitics from oxperienco. 
Those who wish Io try them nro reminded that 

ibvo the only lot of seed in tho country ; hav- 
reccived it direct from Franco, to introduce it 
the country. 

valuablo products ct 

wLrf. S 

Bkadtiful New Holland Plant.— Wc 
Mlwa, hj Iho hand or J. P. II. Woatnarth, &, , f ra[ 
Oanlgnot SODBtag-, at tho Miabn, aboaaltfal plai 
tho "Ertsa" tribo, nod wa arg hippj to „> wo , 
beaatlTulmlliMlIijaorUiolrltofuirjui.ctBndijp, , 
thii Harden, reaenUj. Wo can aoaouneo that tb 

i.-These two immensely 
Id bo grown in California 
with complete success. Many specimens, both of 
fls* and hemp, have been exhibited at our Statu 
Fairs. One specimen, raised by Mr. B. Hoffman, 
on Dupont street, in this city, was shown at tho 
Mechanics' Fair, measuring seventeen feet in 
highl. To this a Special Premium was awarded. 
If the Legislature would but offer a, bounty 
ion hemp, wc .could raise enough the present 
ar to beep the manufacturers of cordage sup- 
plied withuu, sending to J^natar IL S3 
-'"'.■llMii-lied.jneMslartih, cull, vntjon of these 
iiuanio arti cles of manufactora and commoree? 

A Weekly Catholic JoonNAt,.-y?o have 
received tho prospectus of a new paper, about to 
ho started in this city, by Messrs. Marks, Thomas 
& Co., who aro the publishers and proprietors. 
This new popor will bo called Tho Monitor, It 
will bo commenced on Saturday tho 0th March 
and will issuo regularly once a week. The price 
of tho Monitor will bo $5 per year, 83 for sir- 

months, by mail, In n 

i2i c 


ll | 3 c. 

a ut (3000 Rotes a 

i Great SaoAan.-Messrs. Oummings & 

of No. 1 Washington Market, cut up tho 

great squash, weighing Ml pounds, on Tuesday 

'■*■• "'"■'imerainpareols' 

copies. Tho following paragraph from tho pros- 
thT U a b ^T' ks ' bo cI, !"«ter -"id principles of 
"Although vru ccknowledgu with nrldo nnrl 
ES3Si* rt lh ° P «**°r»nia P hi" 
tho P ™ b ° ™ r ° ADti-Calbolie, and that it is 
in,, ,,u I l,|,,r 3 | ,„ the whole world yet wo think 
Oathohc journal, free from the rancor of 
lcinics,auddovoled totho cultivation of Oatholio 
S uSutVlft 6UP °"r U r "° r »""Wf»" 
Monitor to furnish''' 611 ^ lh ° prDiCCl0IS ^ Tho 
Independent in spirit nursclves, and generously 
toleranti free from all sectorial, or pnUUd bias, 
vroean cheerfully extend our kind wishes to 
Messrs. Marks, Thomas 4 Co. for success to their 
now journal, bulloning as wo do that thero is 
largo class of our best citizens who will giro it a 
generous Buppnrt. Wo tho muro cheerfully ac 
cord our wishes W this journal from a remem- 
brance of tho pleasure wo enjoyed in (bo friend- 
ship and correspondence of tho good Father 
Mathow and many of such truly catholic spirits 
Messrs. Marks, Thomas 4 Co. being good p„cU- 
.. — ..»- -dlalso giro them anolhar assur- 
s, which wo sincerely trust thoy 

n*s Laego PoTAioKsr-Wo should be 
.. . „ ,,„ ,. ■ , ■■— "^""""Wnlif oorfarmers would bo so kind ai 

pounds each, i 

CitliUrina_I» tt3 - 

a ma woria. 

In conation with lW» W** " P w,,,n ? '° 
n ,?,^! OMbtto be mentioned the P™s=- 
CaWon.,., ought of tbE 

worthy eflbrtaof 


founded on 

onr Statu. This gentleman 

oitcalw noto to several of o 

Jolj 3, 1355, in which ha 

throe days, tho very'-*- - 

Fahsikb, to stimulate inquin 

iriRioil observation of the Lociuta of 

l forwarded a short 

iriodicais; dated 

s: "For the last 

usbeen full onhcni, over 

this city (Sacramento), rambling a dense mow- 

El0 nn j tbe myriads, as they By, sbining « £ 

ff flakes. So numerous art they, 

re all which are uaalimr 

like si 

that it is believed tbat — ■ 

in the heavens above, to drop upon this city for 
even twenty-four bour^ everything, animaUnd 
vegetable, would cease to exist, unless sheltered 
i rooms. Largo Melds of oats and .heat 
naT0 suffered in looo and other upper (Sierra 
Nevada) valley s.-'-Vido San Francisco Dail : 
Herald, 3d July nit- 

'■The Scourge.— The most remarkable 
sianco that wo have ever been called on h 
in this locality, was the flight of the Grasshop- 
pers on Saturday and yesterday. For abont 
threa hours in tho vicinity of noon of lb. 
tho air, at an elevation of about two hundred feet, 
was literally thick with them, winging 
direction of Tolo. Tbey could bo thi 
readily perceived by looking in 
the sun. Great numbers of them foil upon tbe 
streets nn Saturday -absolutely took tho city by 
storm— and on yesterday they commenced tho 
wholesale destruction of everything green in tho 
in tho neighborhood. Their flight yes- 

o direction of 

■ ■,■■::■. .■■■ iv t in 

resemhled a thick si 

and their depredations the sweep ef a scythe. 
The prevalence of tho scourge is explained by Dr. 
T. M. Logan as being attributable to tho great 
warmth and dryness of the present season— cir- 
cumstances favorable to an early development of 
the eggs of tho insect, which is deemed tho most 
fruitful in the animal kingdom."— Sac. Union, 2d 
Joly, 1855. 

ButCul. Warren's desires were butvery slightly 
complied witb, on the part either of oor scientific 
or amateur nataraltsls. Asa friend of Ours writes : 
"California, as yet, is but an arid region in which 
to cultivate literature and tho sciences." Our 
life is so material in tho Pacific Palestine, and 
every mother's son of us so anxious that ho will 
he outstripped by mow active competitors in the 
race for money and place, that tho very excess of 
the stimulating and wianglesome excitement, Gila 
tho brain with such an unhappy quantity of 
blood, that our Insane Aayli 
Tory many unfortunate cases growing out of tho 

The celebrated Dutch Naturalist, John S 
mcrdim (1673), says of tho Locusta .- "It is re- 
markable that the males of these insects only 
produce music, or a chirping, crackling noise; for 
the females emit no soch sounds." 

Tho Swedish Naturalist, Baron do Goer (1752), 
siya of tbo sounding apparatus of these animals : 
"On each lido nf the Erst segment of theabdomen 
immediately above tho origin of tbo hind thighs, 
there is a large, deep opening, somewhat oval in 
form, and partly clnscd by an irregular plate or 
lid, of a hard substance, but covered by a flexible, 
wrinkled membrane. The opening left by tbe 
lid is in the form of a half-moon, and at the bot- 
tom of tho cavity is a white membrane, shining 
like a mirror, and tensely stretched. On the side 
of tbo opening, towards tbo head, there is a small 
oval hole into which tho point of a pin may easily 
pass, and when tho membrane is removed, a large 
cavity is brought intn view. Tho whole of this 
apparatus seems to contribute much, both to pro- 
duce and to Increase the sound caused by tho in- 
sects." "We have remarked," says the Rev. 
John Ronnie, in tbe Insect Miscellanies (1831), 
"Ibis point, in a number of Grasshoppers, and 
have heon struck by its resemblance to tho bole 
a military drum, 

„ vial the animal devoured 
dismembered limb. Yet wo had for 
weeks kept Jn a room ft great number ot tnom, 
male and female, withoutono of them attempting 
to prey upon tho other; though thoy manifested 
not a little fear on near apprnaoh to each other— 
io such caws tbe male always uttered two or 
three notes of alarm and started away." 

From the valuable notice of the visits of tho 
Locusta in 1855, mado by the periodicals of Cal- 
ifornia, Utah, Washington nnd Oregon, it would 
appear that tho Grasshoppers nro most abundant" 
f,om the fifteenth of July to tho twentieth of 
September, or a period of sixty-seven days, Thoy 
•— '"-ity of their 
destructive capacity, from tho Grst to the thirty- 
first August, which is the holiest and dryest 
onth of tho year in all these regions. 
From tho accounts of historians and naturalists 
is fully proved, we conceive, that the Locust* 
effect one-third of tho superficial surface of tho 
arlh iu fi manner and form which makes them 
no o'f tbo most dangerous enemies and destroyers 
Ttbo labors of mankind-an actual bar to his 
And though 
been noted by every eminent writer of 
antiquity or history, geography and natural his- 
tory, the information wo have of them is yet ex- 
ceedingly meager nnd rjefectivo. In all tbo works 
of Natural History wo have consulted, wo can find 
no trace of mention of a special monograph, or 
separate historical and scientific description of 
this highly important piece of animated destruc- 
tion, known for six thousand recorded years. 

It is very likely that they could be mado use- 
ful in (aliening hogs, for which purpose- they 
might be gathered, in somo years, in numbers to 
feed thousands of swine. They must contain also 
a considerable amount or animal oil, which may 
m mo day he found or use to soap and candlo 
makers. Providonco most have designed Ihervf 
for somo ose to tho human family, or they would 
nut, it seems to us, come so often and so thick. 

It is stated in tho Encyclopedia Americana (ar- 
ticle Locusta) that the seventeen- year Locust has 
been used in Now Jersey, when they have ap- 
peared in great numbers, for the purpose of mak- 
ing soap. This fact is highly suggestive to Call 
fomians, as ir each Grasshopper contains bui 
fifteen grains of free animal oil, a million of them 
could bo made to squeeze out twenty-six hundred 
pounds (ur over a ton and a quarter) or very use- 
ful soap fat, or possibly oil good enough to bum 
lamps. Wo trust that this fact, fretting in tbo 
ain ur some speculative Yankee, may iu time 
oergoafull blown maggot or wriggling prosperi- 

particularly as whales are becoming scarce. 

Tho Locusta belongs, in tho animal system, of 
uvicr to tho sixth order of Insects termed Oi 
thoptera, and, of its second class, tlic Saltatoria 
or Jumpers. Tho Gryllidae o 
united by Geoffrey St. Hillaire 
containing very numerous spec 
dry countries of tho world, and called in hia En- 
tomological nomenclature, Acrydium. This genus 
divided inlo species by tbe great Entomolo- 
gist of France, Pierre AodroLatrcillo.ns follows : 
Pnewnora of Tbunberg: has tho bind legs 
shorter than tbo body, and scarcely Cited for 
leaping : tbe abdomen is bladder-shaped in one of 
Found in South Africa. 
a of Klog: Wingless; Iho body is 
long and cylindrical ; tho head without ocelli is 
prolonged in front into a point or cone, bearing 
two very short acven -join ted nntennto, pointed at 
the lip, and the bind legs are large and long. 
Found In South America, and monographed by 

Traxalit of Fabricios: Antcnnrn compressed, 

id of a prismatic form ; the bead elevated into a 

yramid, as Gryilus Kasutus of Lamarck, and 

mny other ciotic species. 

Xyphicera of Latreille, or Pamphagus of 

Tbnnberg ; characteristics intermediate to tho 

Truxalis and Gnjltus Locusta of Linnieos ; Or 

Acrydium proper of Fabricius : which has the 

hind feet longer than the body; tbo abdomen 

solid, and not bladder-like ; the head ovoid, and 

the antennas filiform and terminated fay a knot. 

Many species have On each tide of the body, 

and near the base of the abdomen, a large cavity 

,a closed on the inside by a very thin pellicle | which 

and compose with somo others Iho gonc-s Acry- 
dium. In some of tho ipeete differing, they have 
tbo wiry covers and winga perfect in tho two 
sexes, and belong to tho genus I have named 
Otdipoda, in which art numbered the Gryilus 
Stridulus; G.jlampu; and G. O^rfM 
and a number of other species found in England 
Other Acrydia, similarly winged and with 
filiform antenna, have tho upper part of the pro- 
thorax strongly elevated, very compressed, form- 
ing ft sharp crest, rounded and prolonged into a 
point behind, Foreign countries posses, numer- 
ous species, one only of which, and or smaller 
size, is found in tho south or Franco, tw: tho 
'--mlium armatum of Fischer. 

of the sexes, at least, has the 

In tho other, 

d wings very 

fitted for flight. 1 havo formed for tbcso ft 

generic gri 

p Padiwia. 

o tho onlennio thick- 

of Fabricus nnd 

TbD Acrydia, which hr 
ened at tho tips, either in both sexes, or only in 
one of them, aro formed alBO inlo a pecoliar genus, 
Gomphoccrus of Thunborg-es tho Gryilus ribin- 
cus ofEngland. 

In tho second division of tho genua Acrydmm 
Iho presternum receives in n cavity a part of tho 
under sidfi of tho head ; tho tonguclct is quadrifld, 
end iho tarsi have no pulvillus between tho un- 
gues ; tbe nntennio havo only thirteen or fourteen 
joints; tbo thorax is prolonged behind liko o 
largo scutollum, which is longer than tbo entirc 
body, otid tho wing covers aro very small. 
Then Orthoptera form tbo genr- m " 
Lfttrolllo. being Iho Acrydit 
part of Gryilus bulla of Linnrous. 

Tbe scientific characteristics of tho Saltatoria 
family art as follows: "Has tbo two hind feet re- 
markable for the siio of their thighs, and tor tho 
vory spined tibim thus formed for leaping. The 
males call their females by making a chirping 
nnisc, which is sometimes produced by rubbiuf 
an inner part of Iho wing covcrE, liko ft lale-liki 
mirror, against each othor with a rapidity, and 
sometimes by a similar altcrnalo motion of tho 
bind thighs against tho wings nnd wing-covei 
tho thighs octiug the part of tho bow of n violi 
The majority of tho femoles lay their eggs in t 
ground. Tho Locusta genus of tbis family ha 
the wings disposed over the body liko n roof, and 
tho tarsi have four joints. Tho antennm are very 
long and filiform. Tho females have tho oviposi- 
tor always escorted, compressed and saber or 
cutlass shaped, and ore herbivorous; but mnny 
species of tbo goons have only Email wing- 

at hand, and tbo scarcity and difficulty of pro- 
corlng necessaries for his party, prevented this 
bio and meritorious officer from paying that 
srlicular attention to tho Entomology of Utah, 
hicfa tho extraordinary appearance of the lo- 
country, in 1855, would (loom, to 
y In o work of tho character. As 
Stansbury's Is a standard work on Utah, being 
the first scientific work published of thoso par- 
rogionH, this apparent omission of fuels In 
natural history, which may in tbo luturo assume 
an immense economical and oven political im- 
porlnnco, ought to be borno in mind by hia 

Tho late Mr. J. B. Wall, Collector, of Monterey, 
informed me, that In ft journey from Oregon to 
Missouri, in 1846, his party encountered, in July, 
on tho plains near tho North Fork of tho Kivcr 
Platte, myriads of the Grasshoppers, which all 
appeared to bo traveling northward, nnd proved 
extremely onnoying to tbe train for many days. 
In Bryants "What I saw in California" (Phila- 
delphia, 1849), ho relates, that on his passago to 
California, under dates of July, 1840, their com- 
pany of emigrants also encountered immense 
swarms uf Grasshoppers on tho prairies near Iho 
Platto. Near tho Salt Ldko ho found Ihe Indians 
gathering tho Grasshoppers, by surrounding them 
with fire, nnd then driving thorn into the middle 
and killing them. They were afterwards roasted 
foro tho firo, powdered between smooth sloncs, 
id used by them as food. They also used them 
by miiing wilb service berries, forming thereby, 
says, a palatable article of buman 
provender. Tho Indians of California every- 
where pursue tho same plan of capturing Grass- 
hoppers and using them. as food. 

Canadian Horseo. 

The oitrnct given below Is from tho Montreal 

Herald. When at the Provincial Exhibition of 

Lower Canada, last season, wo saw some admin- 

ble specimens or the Canadian breed. 

"Our valuable breed or horses is suffering 
every year b)' Iho exportation:! across tho lines 
of our choicest specimens, and already the scar- 
city of the batter class of Canadian horses has 
been apparent, owing Io tho continual activity of 
onr neighbors, who havo ever an eye upon any- 
thing euod, in picking up the best ef Onr horses 
Not many days ago. Captain Daniel Hickok, of 
the Lako House, Now Orleans, look with him to 
the "Sunny South" a Cumr do Lion colt— one of 
the first in tho country, nnd which is certainly a 
loss to Canada. Ho had a heavy tall four foci 
long, and an immense mane, nnd was very appro- 
priately named by the Reiillcmnn who bred bim, 
"The Pride of Canada." Captain Hickok's 
string also embraced several other choice animals. 
Some of our agricultural Eociclies hove gone to 
tho expense of importing costly stock horsca 
from England. This is very questionable policy. 
Our own unrivaled breed of horses are as good 
as, or superior to, anything we can import," 

Canada is tho place to mako purchases. 
[Working Farmer. 

eatlas to Sheep 


:o.1 . 

Chine ho Prolific Pea. 
s greatly surprised, 

Mu, Malingio Noule, President ol tbe Agricul- 
tural Society of Loire et Cher, reports as follows : 

11 In putting my small miied-blood ewes, that 
weighed not above fifty-ni* pound?, to heavy New- 
Kent rams which weighed often two hundred and 
twenty-five pounds, one apprehension alarmed 
me— tbe fear, I mean, or lo.-iing owes which had 
cost so much trouble, when tho time came for 
their giving birth to the large offspring one 
ally cipcctcd. But no such danger arose ; 
he rtnson seems to mo clear. Whatever bo 
tho size of tho ram, the germ develops itself only 
in proportion to the nourishment it receive?. 
Now, while it remains in tbo womb of tho female 
ewe, it obtains but little support ; consequently 
the lambs remained small, and the births took 
place without difficulty. In two thousand labors 

i of : 


tonguolct in tho majority has only two divisions ; 
tbe ocelli, are three in number, and wmstantly 
distinct ; tho mandibles much toothed ; tho ab- 
domen conical and compressed at tbo sides. Thoy 
leap with great energy nnd agility, and can, in 
many species, maintain a sustained flight, and 
feed upon vegetables with voracity." — Vido Car- 
penters edition of Curler's Rogue Animal, Lon- 
don, 1843, pp. 560, CI and C2. 

Dr. Dwight mentions that tho Grasshoppers 
have several times been citromely injurious to 
tbe growing crops of New England, priur to 1800. 
In tho United States expedition to tho Dead 
Sea, in 1848, tho only mention mado of tbo Lo- 
custa by Lieut. Lynch, in all his travels in that 
region (wo judge by reading tho chapters of con- 
tents), was on 25th April, 1848, when his party 
saw immenso numborE of dead Locusts on tho 
southern shoro of that internal salt lako. Tbo 
features of tho Dead-Sea country assimilate re- 
markably to that or the territory of Utah. 

Michel Adunson, in bis Natural History of 
Senegal (Paris 1757), gives ilas his opinion, that 
tho Locusta of that country do not form whole- 
some and nutritious food. 

While tho hosls of the 

lilies ni 

d the Itu 


lavo been si a 


aeb otb 

er to kill 

n tl 

old bnttlo fields of tho E 



, Ih 

country, very 



u from th 


guitars. Wo foond, indeed, in stopping up this I hna some influence in tbe production of tho chirp- 
hole with a bit of wafer, that it could no longer Mng, or in flight, and compumblo to a tambour i 

produce its peculiar sound, bi 
maillcd ecraping. As Swammerdam observes, 
tho insect has two peculiar, small drums, liko tbo 
drom of our ear, which being slrock by two 
lunulfcted cartilages, vibrato tho air in such a 
manner as to produce the sound. Of tho foot of 
the jCocuifo," says Rennie, "the terminal end is 
not only furnished with a movable claw, but with 
two sort,ronnd palms, to so say, which must 
greatly assist them in feeling tho nature of the 
Burfico over which it walks. Tho animal pro- 
duces its noisy chirp by applying the hind shank 
to tbo thigh; rubbing it smartly against thi 
wing case, and alternating therightand left legs.' 
Tho Locusta are very vindictive and savage, 
as well as voracious. Tho Chinese mako small 
paper boxes to confine them io, so as to pit them 

they fly high in tho air and often in troops ; their 
often ogreeobly colored, especially 
with red and blue. Amongst the exotic species 
(to France) tbe thorax is often crested, 
otherwise singularly formed. Cortai 
have been termed migratory, from their uniting 
in troops of incalculable numbers, and migrating 
through the air in thick clouds, and in an as 
ishingly short time transform tho places w 
they alight into an arid waste. Their death 
becomes a scourge, the air being infected by their 
dead bodies in Immenso masses. Tbey 
Burned in different countries or Africa 
quantities, ofter being deprived of their 
I wings, and form on article or commerce there. 
37k Grylius migratorius, wbieh Is two inches 
>ilh brown wing covers spotted 

against each other io drawn bottles, and they will I black, and a sh'gblly elevated crest on tbo thorax, 
then fight each Other liko gambling bullies, until and is common in Poland, 
one of them dies. This is very common spon The south of Europe, Daibary nnd Egypt Buffer 
among Chinamen, as we can testify fi-om sight ' " 

mg put 

in thi 

grasshoppers alivi 

were not a Utile surprised to Bee thi 

diatclyfall one upon another witb the 

nibal voracity. On a male and female being put 

into another vial, the femiio forthwith munched 

a largo piece out of tbo male's back ; a 

rescuing him from her fangs, the male 

ataly made reprisals by eating * bole 

t cntomologUt bating put 

Orassboppor with, one of ila bioken-off leg* iota | have a conical promii 

devastations fri 
which ore of a larger sIm, as Gryilus Eeypti 
and Gryilus Tartaricus of Lamaick, and from 
Grylius lincola of Fabricius, which last is found 
in tbo south of Franco, and used in Barbary for 
food. Tho natives of Senegal dry another spcei 
of which tho body Is yellow, spotted with black, 
and wbieh Shaw and Dcnnon have figured in t 
occoonls of their voyages in Africa : they redi 
Ihem to powder,. which they ui 
informed by M. Sftrigny. 

odical press, has been, ns from time immemorial, 
again tbo scene of tho ravages of the Lociufn. 
Such immense swarms appeared during the sum- 
mer of 1855, near tho city of Odessa, thai thoy 
darkened tliu sun. Throughout foulhern Russia 
tbey commitled tho most destructive ravages on 
tbo growing crops: 77iii is tlie Jirit time, ice 
itiitee, in hhlonj,lhat theyhacc been chronicled 
as appearing simidtaneouslyin both, the eastern 
and vester n hemispheres. 

Tho species of Grasshopper described in Cnpt, 
Stonsbury's Journey of tho Sail Lako Country, 
in 1850, and figured and described by Prof. Si. 
S. Haldeman in Stansbury's work, published in 
1852, by order of Congress, v& a species of the 
Locusta different in sir,e, colors and particular 
features, from that found near Monterey. Halde- 
man calls this Salt-Lake Grasshopper tho Oedi- 
poda Coralliptt, and eaye that it is congeneric 
with tbo Oedipoda migratoria of tho English 
naturalists, and which is fuund so destructive In 
the countries of Asia Minor and the Crimea, Tho 
rest Coraltipes is nearly as largo as the Atlgratoria, 
Bnd being two and a half inches long. Tho California 
Grasshopper, or, rather Iho species foond near 
Monterey, I havo seldom seen over ono and a 
half inches long, nnd it Is not in any manner 
colored "bright vcrmilliou" In any part of its 
body; as is mentioned, by Haldeman, of tho Salt 
lako Bpecies. There is only ono species of tho 
Locusta described in Iho obovo work. It has 
cither no antenna:, or it is faintly dolincated. 
Tho dato Of preservation or capturoof Ibis Oedi- 
poda of Utah is not stated by Haldeman. In 
iho chapters of conlenta of his work,' no men- 
tion ia made by Slansbury of the Locusta on 
the line of his travels. It ought to bo remem- 
bered, however, that in 1840 and 1850 (ns ho re- 
marks in his book), investigations into tho zoology 
part of tbo official 

earning Tho assertion of a distinguished con- 
tributor to ono of our Agricultural Periodicals, 
that "we never have had anything worth having 
from China." True, tho list of agrlcullr-- 1 
plants from that country is not very long, s 
Cotton, Rice and Sugar, all of which havo been 
cultivated in China beforetbo Christ] 
may by a good many persons not bo considered 
worthless to the South. The Chinese Sugar Mil- 
let is just now undergoing n fair trial, and will, 
undoubtedly, become a staple crop in Iho South ; 
not only on account of the sirup nnd other article: 
manufactured from it, but also as an invalunbli 

Recently, another new forage plant, I he I. tunc--. 
Prolific Pea, so colled, has Come into notice, and 
as this is the flrst year that it has been fairly 
tried it may perhaps, be acceptable to your 
readers, to see ft short and (mjwiuni account of 

in the autumn of 1856, Mr. Douglass of Ar- 
kansas, for the Oral lime, published his success in 
iho cultivation ol this plant. Liko many other 
now things, it was by many persons pronounced 
a humbug. I did not plant it mywlf. but from 
close observations of this crop which is now 
raised by several planters in this vicinity, ! re- 
joice to say, that it fully comes up to all that Mr. 

I glass said in favor of it. 

Tbo Pea, when ripe, is small oblong, of ft green- 
ish yellow color. It may be planted at any time 
in the spring, after all dnng L i oi L'io-,1 has |nrt t il, 
but it is most pruBtablo to sow il in June, im- 
mediately after acrop of grain has been harvested 
It i-boulil l,u pom-d in hills, three feet (not more) 
each way, dropping three or four seeds to 
ill. At this rate it requires only three pints 
id to plant an acre. Cultivate liko 
Sandy soil is most suitable, and I havo n 
seen it flourish on strong clny land. 

About tho first or September 
showing numerous heads of yclhn planted in April, were only a feiv days ahead 
of those planted In Juno. Tho vines wei 
that time so rampant, as to interlock and form u 
close mass of verdure, laving from two to two 
nud a half feet thick over* the whole field. 

It is ft well known fact, that every crop in- 
tended for hay, should be cut nnd cured while in 
bloom. Tho 'Chinese Prolific Pea does noi make 
any exception from this rule, and when cut white 
in (hat state, it will yield, on poor sandy lond, 
from two to threo tons of oicellent hay to tho 
acre. On such land I havoofteii seen vines twelve 
feet long, and single plants weighing as much ns 
fourteen pounds. Tho stubble having a vory 
strong root (ollen four to five feet long), will soon 
f-riroui again luxuriantly ofter being cut down, 
and yield nn esccllent crop of green forage, cither 
io ho pastured off, or wbieh will Le the best way, 
turned under before frost as a green manure, 
which would leavo tbo land in a fine condition 
lot iho next crop. 

",ike all other plants, which, by the law of 
ore, blooming late in the season, this pea w " 
in its seed very quickly, say in sixteen 
nty days aftcrit commenced blooming, 
ill animals arc exceedingly fond of this plar 
ier green or cured for hay. 
t is also a fact worth noticing, that this pea 
not liable to he nttacked by bugs. Seeds of I 
of 1956 are at this very day as sound 
— [Robert Nelson, in Iho Cotton Planter. 

ith'that was occasioned h 
immoderate size of the lamb. It was curious Io 
seo such small offspring engendered by such hop 
sires. But these little creatures, iT well fed.saKi 
began to grow rapidly, and it w 
to seo ewes sucked by lambs 1; 

r than th em- 

Horn All— Hollow Horn. 
TBEitcisno such thing. This_ is our settled 
belief; or, at most, it is merely nn incorrect name 
for some niimont which has no more to do with 
tbo horns thoo with some other parts or the body 
not particularly diseased. Tbe horns are at tho 
base exceedingly thin, as we all know ; they are 
Tory good conducmr? of li,.ii, ind they cover a 
hone, the pith, which with its inlegumen, is ex- 
ceedingly vascular, as is evinced when a horn is 
broken and the blood-vessels ruptured, the flow 
or blood is vastly greater than when any other 
bono is broken or bruised. Hcnco it is that by 
feeling or the horns it is easy to a-c 1 1 an (,,, 
gencrol temperature of tho animal— il it is fever- 
ish and heated the horns are hot; if debilitated, 
" its energies in a measure prostrated, tho 
horns will not bo warm as usual. Standard 
writers, writers oh veterinary praclico oilhcr 
deny tho existence of tho disease, or say not a 
word about it. Tho symptoms aro thoso 9' 
general debility, or this us connected with some 
pros tra tin g d istemper .— [Ho roes lead . 

Farmsbs' Club 

a.— The 

Right "Wat 


Kennebec (Maine; 


in roportin 



In that Slat 

, sayi 

"there is ft genera 


n this region 

for the 

formation of farmers' clubs 

and. in urging their value to every community, 

"In all the agricultural towns the people ought 
to take a pleasure and 1 prirlo in sustaining a 
course of public meetings, where thoy can be en- 
tertained with readings of original articles on the 
resources of the town— the means of progress- 
in farming, orcharding and gardening, and 
such like matters. 

Tho rust needs to be rubbed off in every com- 
munity, and the sharp corners Muoolhcd, and 
prejudices anil isolation overcome. Tn order for 
community 10 incrtaf" iti enjoyments, Ihe 
;o oJtorciso individual freedom in society, the 
people need to meet occasionally face to faco and 
chat ft little find call out each other's best points, 
learn to help each other's mental and moral 
and social enterprises. There is home talent in 
"" ' sufficient to sustain with Ability any and 
nil of these undertakings, if tho people will only 
become acquainted with each i.ttn-r sulfiele:illy te 
venture to think freely when on their legs." 

of these countries formed 
These tvro last species duties of himself or of bis oisi6tanla. His limo 
upon tho prostemnm, | and opportunities, Iho materials for preservation 

Whole Potatoes ve. Eyes, von Seed. 

An English paper givi's tlui result or an experi- 
ment latnly 1 In Iu iiscnrtiiiu what would ho 

iho difference iu yield where wbolo potatoes 
wore used for seed or tho eyes alono, and reports 
thus : A trial has been mado in tho vicarage 
garden, Coggoshall, of potato eyes against 
whole [""tallies nn perfectly 1 ipml terms, a row 
of each side by side— a certain uiimbfr uf whole 
intatoes wore sown a yard apart, tho oyea of 
ho somo sort woro sown nt the usuol distance ; 
anal enro was taken iu all respects that the 
L-inl niiylii lin fair. Tho result, as shown a law 
voeks back, was, that tho whole potatoes pro- 
duced in weight more potatoes, but tho oiccbs 
ight was but rqual t„ the- wi.ight uf r<>tu- 
toos from which tho oyea had been taken, uud 
whioh potatoes had gono into tho kitohon for 
that, as far as this oxparimeut goes, 
nothing is g:iiu<.<-l l.y sim-int; -.-.I,, ,1,1 putatoos, 

WnnrtG do woods como from! That crop 
you permitted to ripen last year, unharve.ited, 
sr tittered it-. ( In 1 us nn d seed* all nvur vour laud. 
Thoy mingled with your grain, nnd found t 
l"<kmi ui in your barn with yoor liny. Thi 
seeds woro carried upon tbo soil in tho manure. 
nil -n- ill- 11 iiii.l ri.iuiv to gorminato. Bolter ust 
tho hoo in boying time, and mnko yogetnblo 

Fermented or Nos-feruented Manorh- 

Professor Vooloker states, that in dung heaps 

under a state of fermentation, however oiceJ- 

sive, that free ammonia is not generated oioeot 

in tho center or tho heap, whom the heat 11 

greatest, nnd where it has risen from 120 to ISO 

degrees fobronbeit; nnd that it it™ thou rarely 

capes, except in very sniull quantity, as to* 

tvrnnl layers or the dung heap, where lull 

tlo bent is genoratccl, arrest and fii it in iU 

inrso nnd endeavor to Osonpo ; that tho strong 

nell omannting from its dung hoapa ui a state 

of funru'iitJition 'h'"'* eioIumm.' 1'runi tho ommouia 

escaping, hut ia rather to he attributed to po- * 

volatile organic combinations — to somo 
sulphurated and phosphorated hydrogen ond a 
variety of othor gaseous matters, amongst j 
which ammonia ns a gas is only found in very 
inuto qu until tea. 

Upon tho othor hand, tho learned professor 
attrihutos tho greatest injury sustained by rorm- 
nuro, to arise from its being oiposod W 
in of the rain-water, especially in open 
yards, or after removal to tho Cold iu heap' I 
nnd to obvinto this, ho recommends that tbo 
manure bo carted immmlintnly to tho field, duo 
incorporated with tbo soil— at oil times a dilB* 
oult task, and nt tho samo timo frequently * 
slovenly mode of application. — [Mark I>an° 

TnorjT Pianino ExTnAOttDitJARY.— Tho In- 
verness (Scot.) Advertiser, says: Two yoons 
gentlemen, viz; G„r.l..„ M ,?,.]>. / r ,,„,, l!-..| .Oluoy, 
pago to her Majesty the li.ieen, ami li-Wrt Mc- 
pherson, of'GiuiUriiim v., nt Wd week to flj-h 
upon tho world-famed Lochhggan, upon »» 
bosom of which her Majesty ten years ago SB" 
joyed herself M much .-.l.'V "ill, tho PnnW 
Oonsortond family. In tin.;,- dnvs the young 
gentlemen hooked and caught with tho fly In" 
unprecedented number of twenty-soven down.o 
324 fish, averaging from ono pound to four aoU • 
bolf pounds weight each; thoy .on ■ 'in"" 11 ' 
caught upwards of 700 pounds weight or usu. 




Smut In Barley ana Wnaot. 

Wo copy tho following from tho London 
Magne i ! „ 

J Ibnvo frequently noliced, and octasrCnallJ 
Buffered from, this disease. «■"*> suppose tbo 
black cars amooct !o 2 percent, it strikes mo 
that It it Were possible to separate Ihem (torn the 
bulk of the crop, the deficiency so separated must 
be 2 per cent., neither more nor less. But there 
is another way of looking at the matter. Suppose 
wo could by some hocus pedis Iransmulo these, 
black or bliud ears into sound, healthy gram, 
what is to provenl the 2 per cent, deficiency from 
becomlngou increase toasimllar amount? If, 
therefore, a clean, untainted crop lip desirable, as 
in tuy humble opinion it undoubtedly is, thi 

K'" [ 

how this 
i tho casa of wheat 

to b 

taintd by the 
per. All my o: 
id ray lime, let 
man need gro'' 

Whether in bailor c 
sionafly seen in both 

iiii ~ ■-■ ■ ■ s-i-1 praiu, n-ill pro- 

i- hi-hlv infectious, but 
infectious property may 
perfectly clean crop ob- 
ic vitrei, sulphate of con- 
.1. and I hare made unriy 

tnuity wheal except b 
ring. What T bavo 
ul or bladder brand. Tho black 
seasc is sometimes called, poi 
" ' ■ allogctht 

d thoy at 

I afipca 

dillercrjt ways, and have rung tbo changes 
most every variety of crop, barley upon wheat, 
wheat upon barley, wheat opon wheat, barley 
upon barley, but never have succeeded ns with 
[he bladder-brand or broken smut balls. The 
black ears, or powder-brand in barley, Mr. Lau- 
rence srems to think, prevails in some years 
more than in others, and that it especially 
abounded in 1856. .\v„v. I should tike to know if 
It made any chsn^.- uf seed in that particular year, 
because some |icoplo hare anidea— and I confess 
myself of the number— that certain varieties are 
more Ihhle In the dilate- than others. Whether 
well or ill-founded, the American barley cot an 
111 name in Norfolk on this account, and 'it is nosr 
comparative] v but little grown— I was so pestered 
at last with it, that 1 made up my mind to giro 
it up, though not until, like Sir. Lawrence, 1 bad 
io kind of remedy. This 

..I.,,,... ,1 

large a vessel as the firth cuuld furnish was 
tinlly filled wiib rain, or clean pit-water, into 
which the iced barley was gently poured or riddled 
with a Hero. By this process, all light grain 
seeds of weeds, and dost of cvorv diwri|itien, 
.floated on tho Eurface, and nhen off tin 
mass below was well stirred up. and, in fact, under 
wenta thorough S o.:..l n-.i.liiup: n second sLiui 
ming then removed what the first had left, anc 
'" ' irley remained under water for 12 " 

Charges of SolontulQ Piracy. 

It will bo recollected that Dr. 0: F. Winalow 
named io tho following article, has been for a long 
time ono of the contributors to our columns of very 
able and interesting sketches and scientific sub- 
jects, rind, in justice to him. wo publish tho an- 
nexed rrom tho Springfield (Mass.) republican I 

It will be recollected some time since Dr. O. F. 
Win-low brought against Prof Pierce of Cam- 
bridge tho serious charge of appropriating Ins 
theory of solar causation in Ihe formation of cnu- 
iii,..uii\ publishing ilm his own. For a long time 
Prof. Pierce refused to notice tliu charge, and 
whan hi did so at tho recent meeliuir "f (lie 
American Scientilio Association at Monlrent, it 
was in a manner so equivocal that the public 

littcd a; 

h he denied. Tho c 

cored by the friends of Prof. Pierce 
wore unsatisfactory, because evidently nothing 
better than attempts to ovade and glo-s over tin 
real point at" issue, Al least, this is the way In 
which Hi,, limner »iN left in [he public mind, un- 
furlunntoly for tho reputation of iho 
But recently another charge of Iho s 
and of a more serious character, has been brought 
against I'ruf. Pk-rce by John Warner of fennsyl- 

research, and the author of a pamphlat 
"Studies in Organic Morphology." I! 
that before ho had published upon thi; 
ho entrusted a manuscript containing t 
of his researches to a friend, la be handed to 
Prof. Pierce for examination. ; that the prof^soi 
ruade no reply to his repeated applications Tor thi 
manuscript, but ' 


a 0, O 


9. T. ADAMS. 



at Providem 


I. for lb 

...Tho i 

ri Lbarioy] laid ii 

s-.eii ,3ra 

little II' 

. sif[.:-l 0^ 

■ nth,, 11™ 
well mix 

It, to Etitfor thcdril 

this purpose, when it was drilled alongside 
dry nnsteeped barley. It came up rather son 
and certainly more regularly than tho other, i 
was besides a belter, cleaner, and more creditable 
crop at harvest time. On tho whole I do cot 
hesitate to giro my vole in favor of washine, and 
steeping seed barley (if in more than one water 
Eomuch ihe better), were it only lodimini.i, the 
number of weeds in the cropj but eobsiflerlng 

the sii|,p.jH.,n ii cu.ius property or the powder 

Which constitutes I lie blael; ears, it appears to me 
unnecessary to use any sleep Klronper than water, 
except, perhaps, a dash of salt to increase tbo 
buoyancy of the water, tho bettor to ak|m the 
weeds which rise Io the surface. 

Samuel. Tatlor. 


9 Soitf 

a fowl till quite tender 

it off all tho whi 

With halfa pound .if Uinehe-isiveel almonds, and 
a cup of cream. When qaito smooth put in a 
Clean block-tin saucepan, and boil it one houi 
with seme v.- 1 l i r ._■ -rj,, „ r K a[er. Strain ii npm 
toasted slices of bread, id a tureen, and tber 

Liojjid Pdddiso Sauce.— Thicken a pint o 

piece of butler, and flavor wiih -.sin and i, 
or peach water. 
To Keep Stoves fbom RoaTlna.— Mel 

iiiun-n ,.jl-[, rub the stove carefully wilh it „ 

warm. Thendust well wilb j,ijIi-.,,'i,:.,| m, -!...: ia.. I 
lime ii. ■, ,-p m a [i,.,-!i„ rag, Htore-i thus pre- 
par. -J ; .!,M,i|ij ftiiud in a vary dry place.coi " 
iw mailing, aud will keep free Irom 

vard professors, bavu taken any 

or them. 

ow, as wo understand, Mr. Wnrncr isn men ol 
actor end reputation, and silence is not a Hi- 
reply to charges of this kind from such a 
ce. Dignity is no doubt a great accompltsb- 
it, but it does not answer the purpose of a 
general rebutter in east'.-, like this. Prof. I'ieree's 
' 'ion is involved in a prompt denial and 
in of theso charges; but the uiottor in- 
Iso, in some degree, tho reputation of the 
and of the Slate, of which the college is 
ary representative. Scientific freebooiiiiL- 
trifJing offence, and when scientific men 
ill over the country begin to whisper that these 
thine.-; are nf a piece with die e.;raidi:.hc.J p._.[ui 
•A the seieuiilic coterie that has its centre at Cam- 
bridge, Ihe public hare an interest to know the 
truth in the case. Weshould be sorry io beliisve 
that Prof. Pierce cannot be fully exenoraled from 
the chain";; raado againal him by Messrs. Wins- 
low and Warner, but we are very suro that digni- 
In.d Mlenee will neither place him nor hi^ friei,.], 
in a desirable p.j.njoii Ufure Llie public. If Ihe 
charp,!!, are false, lei [hem he frankly and tqi 


^ui-l.ed (.imnriJL-e pre! 
ii'iiside nf the Chines- 
bridge and Boston, is d 
allege that their seieniill, 

juil in.i-le to contribute 

.a ArUc Wlntoi 
We look around, 
nful propensity, nt 

lands, a 
. against tho d is tin- 



Also a choice lol ■! (JAIWE.V ami (MEEN- 
IIIJ L.-iE l-'f.A iVVVV /.' I iSES. SJJJi 1 7,'.S\ .\-c. 




of Iho 

i-ler-imiL-l b. 

. of thor 

him Itinej uf 


,.,< all 
id Privi 
.^.1 111.. ... 
the Nut 

ib iavllad Kivblt tho Kunorr, a 
id tho nuau'ly of tho Trots and tb< 

jsoodht, of San Franoi™. I« ou! 
[23| B. 5. FOX d 

Un, tho fur-faiacd HBBECCA, IhauacitWhltel 




;k Imported by L. G. Morrii, Eli], 

■■ ■ '■■' ' ■' J . ■.-. '■■!■■!., i, rlaa : bi bj'0:'i .'■!■ .-■!.!■■ 

Vlil' 'r.Ai.i.Aira Jmwu n t bT Chrlooi bo ar Mon- 
,-,-j;. l.-.-l.j l.-elii-.e. I'rim.......«M. ' ' * 


>a<iiliae in 1-..1 ■■[ i.!l:.-li V.'.Uaei. ]:,i;l 

(er.ll...l.-iriMit|. Sliell-l.,i!-: Ml,-k,.r,. i:i„ 

WlUatr, Lotajt, Sugar and Silror Mar' 

Qrape-vinoi of all the Beit Foreign an 

,,, rti,. ii.*:- 

Aprle Trc«. wblDh for vienr of cron 
'~ ;aaiiD[b(ioici!lKl in [L... m.-.lo 
at«k of Qanlen ,>al ^i.enli" 

i. ,te.. «,[lt|:ri .1.111 [lie le.uiir.J 

id Hntivo 
all budded and 

n.'.i !:.r'^'. r .i! 

laorards, under 

ranth from Bud 
; uf whioh. ham 

:.l .Ul., Tr- 

lh'-llliiS ptll.-i 
rency. Men appear 
llanly ; over the ear 
d purifying breath ; 

and flu..l_ra bloom. i 
. and -bcskyisclea. 
ove.and fociely look 
i garb. When we 

n; they do. that 

hey has 

Tot several 


tho velvet tight, while onolher passes 
lion over it on the wrong side, afu 
very light soft hr.,-1, „,*, i„ u=cd . The ^ 
Offect of this on old velvets will scarcely be credited. 
. We e ", b y onii'ting cheap acts of beneficence 
in our da|ly walks, and among our houi' 
pir,|.,nsl„[..i. The -a eh of a merciful lif« 
up or these slender thrcsda. 

To Roa.t Geebe.— Boil them a bol 
extract the Hlron ? , oily flaror. Then 
Ihcnvlhe same as chicken. Ono hourt _«»_. 
Will bo sufficient, if lender. 

Saoo Soup.— Mukea clear, rich soup in 
way you desire, and thicken with sago. ' Thi 
much »-teeu_ed, and is an excellent invention 

o person hold 

|,re,.- S 

itglrl, of n 

I-oie at Sionr.— Asi 
Intellect, who lived villi 

boodof P 0i _ le day-serpTised'her'ml^ 

by giving up !,,, ,,[!„„ - ]llv ,„,, . 

e.o S o, n ndiou,, i ,, l ||, lf , ujl ■ 

sen.uon hetiv.en inislreaa and - ■■ 
fad. "And who is this lad V 

'■0;, he', 

th- l:irl: just fotvnant me." "And when doe, ho 
inland that you and he should bo married 7" IS 
dinna ken." "Are yoo euro ho intends to morrs 

l'™ '••dmnch of each other's company 7" 

■ ;.'■!.[ 

io n-ith him 7' 
yet." "Then bow 

C~~™~, '"" suppose that ho ta goincr 
1 T ^".""plied the simpleg" 
ng lookin" m m n __j r ...%,<■' 

o that I 

iod the i _.„ 

i, and I tbin.k t "noTl"so , u n , 'bo' 

^porte.o,, X^T f$* XZT^ 01 
■fd by a number of moohanT^ ' ^ Z7t 
time to bo fl f ns e duriuB the"^,, H 
pany who negbxt to avail the m ,T / , 
beat too,, an/tnachinory made ^w/^ 
o™ doors, nl8ht | c . DrD a ], ason fronj I?™™ 
pnso and sagacity of Iho Muscovites! 

beryoong to folh 
Of Ihe holjcal nal 
able queslion; th 

re. Men 

aud stili 
!U. But 


s bil"k, a husbandand wife tvith tiv 


o g.,, I 

. oho w 

refused to return to bcr hor 
where sho was Mopping and i 
home; he look iho liltlc chil 
thej looked up Into ho 

plored bcr to go 
i nuiiuren with him and 
face and said: '■Mother 

her dearest kindred leave hor and lak, 
Iheimctvcs, The husband told us Ins ,s 
grief lingered oo every word ; [be cbildre. 
out their sort hands a,,-] their eies bearninrr wilh 

y'" ''-'"■ - v ,J|1 " -'--•»':'-■ :>»d h--iUh -i.ail.l.d .nil, 

fi.r-,...,!!!; Ui.mnsol.le, n,„l ,,h., J; ]e.J I..-, ,[„ 
"J ';■'>■ ---''deprived him of a companion whe 
had tbew the reoiplent or his k,ud,, t ^ and love 
hD_vrcnthack to Nevada. The wife who l..,t I,-, 
vtolaled her duty, the mother who 

'■''-'■■'-t-.-J her„ii:-pr,[, r .„ lltr , j,, |,, r 

and perhaps yoin^a.vav ,!<,.,■„ inlo 

'"<--• "I error and tl,, i„, : : mjll - „f 

hea.ll " ii^ ' r a /V"e l ' r Llu; "-' ia iri lhal mollnsr's 

P"' 1 . 1 "7 -'f'" H'at arefefro,!, 1,,,1, i,.- 

"warm bow of love toward tho little 
Inno cent and beautiful ' " 

^'wdkin ;' ^T" 3 "" of u »«- York pa, 

i pot my Wile to wort f 0r „„ ol;[H)( j klllt> J By 
protty foot — a 
sooner thought 

groundli ^lc,!;.tl,wi,;r nt ho^X^dono a b, 

unmaols rvolketl ovor dry H hod 

to desoribo my foolincB whiln m," 

- ''•''■'myVeath^d 

1 that ono 

« that it 



5 0,000 







"thiivrimor, a largo add very choice Hock cf ll 
ry beitWrlollcj of 


Fig Trees. Itaspbeniei, 
Girranli, Gootebemei, 

and about 20,000 Grojic I7ne; 
500 lbs. China Sugar-Cane Seed, 

,™ a*otl rro^ht^llfco chorBcii to thaV 
L. A-'OOUID, Proprietor. 

to their frionds*K 

(.■ « .» .i i t: st < i \ i, x v it s e it \ . 

SgH TOE Proprioloraoribijold eilabllshe 
Si^iery aro now prepared to furnish t 

Largtst and Matt Select Collection of 

ever offered in this Slate, 

FroDclk Merit. I) Sheep. 

ISO beta eoi 

.: M;K.Ni:lI ,v 
,<raivonnpnit, I eaa bow [uroiib Kikb and 
either Imporlod, or rnlred hy m(rolf from lia- 
itock, equal lo aoy that can be fouod ia ibis naa- 

I Bnj' awarded all tho prlroi an Prooob nlsrlna Sheep 
at oorlaal State Fair; and all Ibo premium* awarded lo 

:!ii-t!- ■...!.>n.|.:.! ..-jr In '. NaUanol Fair, and tbo 
meet ..[ ll,.,.,i at il,„ Si^u, Fain of (Jaliforma, Michl- 
Ptan, Indiana, WLwurl, lFL'tomio, and oIh at thaPro- 
vioolal 5ao» of Unwr Canada, lor the ]>r e'en I year, wore 
awarJed olthnr lo Sheep raised by ravself, or lo Block 
Cmcoians, tiiii. . . tell .i. .-,-n i- : , .A my flock, sent 

laiecJ nf tho IMilnrd ef the Oautopvia Fabheb. 

I'ri«i m |r,w bj ibo j.imt Tudi/jr eaa bo purchasadof 
any other penon, aol Shton delivered in Ken York, free 
ofcharso. JOflN D. PATTEIISON, 

WESTFie.LI>, C.'.j'.rji, ,..-.- i; ■,..„„, #EIF YORK. 

:foh, s^i.x.E. 

8 11. RENICK— Cirelcvillo, PickawaTCo 
fin.. ■f..ral,.i,i:tiioeaneitocjlveEroode 
* OATTLE. nil 

ibocghlfar. liv'-JI-inni.l 

; ,,f U,., . 

.l.l.lrr.i:. n., nl 


> rir.i. v ■.•'! ta\o Jio 

It Win rt I'ltis. i*pAir ..(JOki »M 

I '.'r :■ -i . , mptlj alien led to, aod Dogs at 
red to Clacloaau/.n V/"""*"" d'f "f|S" " 

all grown and 


Child tl 

ltii.U|.-l,l I, 

c. Ago, 
n Foot— Ewol- 

durgoiug thu procGss. I held 
wont it blind— bt« I'll het my h'l 
pair of thoao feat br- '" 

:i iL-'.,". J..':,; 




* DAILY and (Jl.l M MING 1;, i.sMS, i 

o boon pruflod 
id (roe to the 
it fruited haro 

lata oipllollly by 
■ f nlil act be ro- 


M Poor, on Anntov.' Quloco, ooo year Hum bod. 
■0 CHERtlV TREES, ol tw^tj.fiva liot .rulella. 
rO PEACH, ori-ooryv.rietlB, one year from had. 

APRICOTS, ill VBriotlea. 


J3 Cuunb., ] H t,clK BwcettKtor, and ln, r \%<, „rlclli 


RAHTd, Am., 4o. 

Catalocusioan bo ubulaod on applieatlon at the Ki 

i ry. by mail or otborwlvo 

itl^X 1 1'"™, [ i, lli! » D ' a carcfnlly a lloo dod lo,r 
-N I fb-- '.'.',, ^tr yIlll '' C- "' 
Ourieruu aro toot, or iharl crodll, on aanrarod not. 


WEBB SHEEP (by importation), aod nur- 
ehaio or Cot. L. O. Moaate), to ai larca a 

■ iiiMtr.; lam] fill airiroaKKialo, f now offor a ferr 
aUMh" '°*" al DUCKS ' foc « Ie . *» f™™ WO, to 
I bollovo toloo to bo tho only Boek or pobe Wobb 

"-.■i. in Annrica. and am r^nCitiit, that nt) other por- 
can roll aj flao naalilv, at aa reajoaabla prices. 
AWirajloBEKKiHlKE and ESSES PIGS, of tbo 

I f!-l. ir., !,!■:.,[. MOBBIsr* i:i.|-.r:,.:i..nj. 

d io Hhut orient nibori ma. bo 

varlotle, cannot l» tumbhod. 

loadiog wrti, aod proper pro- 


My True, aro groiva eullroly wilto! 

t)Doally Bill bear traaipl anting oo an 

Prices of Trcea. 

APPLE TREE8, Iwo yea: 


it lib' cbir^tJ b 



nia E tree. 



fkuitIrees , 


13,000 BC.OS12S. 



Fon Sale in lots to suit purebai 
Eiipplied nt a liberal discoi 


Fancy Fowla for Sale. 

■■' ;■■., i- 

All Fonlt ibippcd ivl 
f^rTOrden rniy be 1- 

The Collegiate Institiite at Eenicia, CaL 

rpijB Bohool Year at thin I-lltetfoo, i.dind.d Inlo 
J- ibo toroi. nf Ilva taonlbj oaeh. Tbo Soiilon. wUI 
Jit of Juno and U Dccoui n b "" 5 "' "' J "' 1 '' ClMiDI 
:bo Patrunf tho InsiuSto wo rroulrl ear that 
clllUe, (or obtalainK a tcod od oca lloo have 
inch laoreajod IhL. year. Thoranceof itajinwlll 
lo. oinbnieinir ibo Ancient and U«3«rn Lahnatu 

d afuiln, na bavo 
auijbnea in tbo E 
ing inlo tho ht s ber 

(tiliilc,, villi bo a |.ri|.,„,. rv - 
itlnua to follorr.laourifovoni- 
i and melhiJufinfltruzlIon, tho 
lian ryuoni, vchleh hai beoa 

.t.unit!, .-.,«> mo loocaai 

-r Ibo rmw.rilly, or mil bo 

■ CO 10 iilotlon o( tbolr c-deeation 

.-I'lt-L.ll-rl!,.! !,.,;.-„:. Wh.-.o 

:loru and doportniont will bt 


i . tbai 

o found In 


all Order, will be promnlly attended lo, and 
noil packed op ia bandloi or boiet— aecordir 
nd tbo dlalanea Ihoy bavo to go— and doilt. 
i board ibo itoamor at Altdto. Sty Colleciion 

,d Ihe Taar P» H i W „, i ns atato p ,, f ho[| 

'.^""d tr° e t a iDn ^ i,ca of oaeh variot 

rU "™i[''r b ' "'■'■".' '"'"'' ( "°' ,u « «" =Jadla S H."." " TU - 

nooUn|t.K, r -.j., ' 

Wuhlag (pei KMton)..... 

aJbadbytbepottL ^locn 


W. I.KOOHrfT, ■-. rj 
tl-JAl'tiril-jJL, a,,,,,,,, 

I. VlEN«IOH,'cinf,rillil 

Pioneox Eatebliihment. 

a FOR cwlnt of FISH -fan i.inj,.^^-. 


d"LSlZS l t It00£ " oio ^"™o q °h "..'Jaded to at 

veriool, St. (Jumilln, Carublno I;lond and China 
■■'■■"firluriinalil,-. ((K ,, CO rjPER, 

Uroatslrcoi, npnoiilolTalor IVurtilti""-- 

T j^FOM ^^A^MEB. 

The 8th day of February. IBS/. « think w 
be somewhat a — W^^^tbo^ 
in that year commenced tio «* ° f sho * ^ 
ti» combe year." It will l"> oaail y « dtofl to 

appeared about February last, upon 
fertile subject of Breads! uffs. Wo presume there 
was 'more anilely -.bout tho crops with those 
who wore Solder* , than those who were planters. 
We visited the best portione of the State, and 
were satisfied of on abundant harvest _ 

Or. tbo 29th of May wo peonod tbo folloWmg, 
in the Farhee : . _„ 

the 1st of July, to begin the year with. 

At the same date, worlds 

..Allliougl, we bear the cry of short *&> w<| 
crops aryiug up, no harvest, roin, ol o.,w 
. f. .1.. : — ;ic nf (huso stones in lite 

.,jored and 

_o harvest, ri 
ii U JclbV"ni»jnrity of those storii 
papers, to tboso who sy«ulule in 
We can easily recall the past, e 


i wo pre- 
,-,,. „., -.were then engaged " 
speculating, can recall tbo past also, although it 
is ft aad past ; yet wo know ovory position we 
assumea in the past year was clearly proved by 
results, in our estimation of the crop of 1857. 

Tbo present week of February is the anni- 
versary of tie great speculations of the past year 
but now it is but tbo return of a similar loss 
which must Inevitably accrue to those who 
been striving to bolster up fictitious pnecs. 

Wa hare endeavored to keep ourselves free 
from all possible controversy with our coltmpo- 
roriea, and from all connection with any 
party by which wo could possibly be biased '" 
our judgment; a 

General Suitor Batons* to California. 

questions that interest tuu 
ftfTcct whole States, and our nation, and there are 
public men, great and good men, who interest and 
affect tho public weal." nnhnirv 

George Washington, tbo Father of bis CountJI, 
in all that he did and said, 
Ho belonged to the People; they h_« 
loved bim. He was the M» Pf «* 

Layette was the 6rm ft .end of ™ 
through all, from, be time his heart fir t be t r - 
sponsivolOlbocallofAmericanLiliert:.. II. ■> 
tLfirm and devoted friend ofouvcoun try in lie 
dork days ; and wo claimed b,m afterwards as . 
- Benefactor, and a Nation's. Guest ,. 
i do wo esteem Gen. John A. Sutler— the 
Early Pioneer of the land D r gold-a noble, gen- 
is, spirited, bravo, and good man. Wo claim 
as belonging io California! a9 the People; 

General Sutter belongs to the People, nil 
.mo and fame should be in charge of the People 
is likeness beams upon us in the Halls of Legis- 
lation, and we trust our Legislators will nut let 
the noble Pioneer longer be the sport of a cliauge- 
,ble fortune, or the prey of heartless Sb) locks, 
and soulless knaves. 

England has showered honors and riches upon 
one who, by the merest chance, discovered the 
gold of Australia ; but up to the present moment 
the United States, or Oaliforni 

'"".T" suiter. 

STATE OF CALIFOHSI*. CUr and C* ■»':■ 

Quick; Work. 

of the best workmen and 
in California (ho world can boast of 
idencod in nil departments of indus- 
«o copy with pride and pleasure, from 
the Alta of Tuesday, tho annexed notice of tho 
dispatch with which tho injuries suffered by tbo 
:lippcr ship Atmosphere were repaired : 

The clipper ship Atmosphere, Copt. W. <1- 
Lunt snih this morning fur China, taking out 

,J,,nt S?. r >0.i i freight. ""'1 ever XM Chinee 

passengers for Hongkong. Tho Atmosphere ar- 
rived at this part a short time F-inco from New- 
York, consigned In Messrs. W. T. Coleman & Co., 
bringing nearly 3,000 ■■— ' 
After discliargiiip, 'be 

fiTCln m™tlj)..rf. „ h(liwlllto ,„t bit band and 

2M£?wK. saW "gj"*"^ 

Itfti 3 

a hand lo aid i 

who has been instrumental in changing tbi 

.■hose Inhors directly, 

ir tho world ; ' 

did last 
id hand 

year, with a fall conviction of 

sufficient for all our homo ose and some to spare. 

We have looked over thecolumns of our several 
journals from time to time, and bavo been pleased 
with tho general remarks of such journals as the 
Herald, Ohronicle, and Call ; and although they 
may have criticised or satcrized some of the fool- 
ish and absurd statements of other journals, yet 
thoy have been based upon correct data, and so it 
will prove. 

In the report wo gave of tbo Flour and Grain 
market, in our steamer edition of Fob. 5th, tho 
San Francisco Times was pleased to be quite 
facetious, and quoting from our journal tho pi 
wo gave, made quite a flourish, with its small 

caled, by 

isbceuborn inaday;" 

jahavobcen built ; mighty cities hnvosprung 

being; Boating palaces, on the deep, richly 

laden with Ifae productions of this now world, 

from notion to nation, adding wealth 

to each, and all aiding tbo advancement, greatness, 

and happiness of our own prosperous nation. 

And yet, he who has been thus instrumental 
ofoll this vast and countless good to others, stands 
today before os, tbo Peoplo of California, the 
victim of the 'despnUer 
and humanity, 
California to 


hundred miles' from port, navim 

imc thirteen hours, shu «i- ^■"■l- 

1,1,-1, ,:r,.rk'.| aivny lhi> fu.enmst c 

eck. The most fell BCro.'S the liecKs 

rushing a lnrgo boat to i 

oufo and a portion of th 

. oing other damage. " n 

Capt. Lunt bore up f 

port on tho 23d. Th 

25th) tbo repairs wen 

terdoy, making rVit" 

this time an immi 

n performed to get the shi 

i toalnrgoamur-' " 

i the 2Uth Of 

■ye bi 

Dlieewiy or Advortiitmenti. 


r the (lead 

tin* v. 

iv.,.l I 

-Jn tho name of justice 
ould call upon tho people of 

upon the jour u 

■t that 

of the day ; and, wo ask, where 
beat with 


heartfelt sympathy for the noble Pioneer, 
read thero bis words: 

"WkUeffar the lait nine years, the agentt I 
have employed hart become rich, I hare (weeine 
poor to an extent of ahich but few an 

Shall such an apical go forth to the people of, 
California, and not arouse their noblest humanity, 
and awake them to some measure of redress and 
protection to one who, in tho earliest days ofCal- 
, fed the hungry, clothed tho naked, 
id protected the ft" ' 

potatoes. Wo shall repeat our remarks: "We sheltered tbo homeless, 

hazard but little in guessing that flour can be | less? Wo publish these documents. They should 

easily pnrehnscd, by the Grst of Marcb,al S10 i" go forth 
to which the Times responds: "At the very hour 
when this sago paragraph was penned, superfine 
floor was selling in this markelat SH± up to SIC 
in lots of J.00 barrels and upward." Now every 
intelligent mind could easily understand that we 
intended to be understood that S10 was to be the 
maximum. But let the Times hare all the benefit 
of its own position and where docs it find itself. 
In a paragraph above this samo important an- 
nouncement, tho Times says, in the second para- 
graph of its market report: "AboutlSQObarrcls 
flour changed hands to-day, at prices ruling (rem 
$14 to glB per barrel, cash." Pretty wido mar- 
gin for one grade of flour. It further says, in 
the same paragraph : "Jobbing rales at SIB a $20 
for cxtia ; Qaaall $13 and S20 per barrel." 

Now wo ask any candid miod, what reliance 
can be placed upon a. journu^ that in criticising 
another report, will so far vary a correct stand- 
ard! of prices to carry a point. Why quota 
ut S14 to 318 in ono paragraph, if the truo prico 
is 314 1 to 816 1 But it is not our purpose to 
oritioUo or fino/ fault with our g™a neighbors, 
ana we should not have noticed them, were il 
not that tho "Timee are out of joint," andil 
will soon learn that tho "sago remarks" of the 
Fahieer and the prophetic Colonel will prove 
that he may eomutimes understand the full 
meaning of those who qaoto market prices, ami 
uso the terms "uhang(-d hands," "private terms," 
etc., as well as those that use them. 

Wo are satisfied that the present rise in Barley 
ia but the chnngo of loose capital withdrawn 
from the tottering fortunes of the Flour market; 
and so wo tagtly guess again — and us onr 
farmers have nearly told their entire stock of 
Wheat, and hold a goodly quantity of Barley, 
ma rejoice at the rise in Barley, for this will 
benefit them, end through them tho whole Slate. 
Wo would be glad to see it reach 81 75 a §2 00; 
it would help the farmers; and as it is for malt- 
ing purposes, or sending out of the country, tho 

Thero ii 
cnt of (hi 
lion of its 

rory home in this land, 
d child 'ho. I'd read them 
something in that appeal and stolen 
brave pioneer that will carry conv: 

ind honesty, and we pray it may Rod a 
quick, responsive fcolir.g. Let all Iheso tlocu- 
bo rood I Let tbo past history of this 
wronged old velernu como up before tbo Peoplo 
of California, and let memorials poor into the 
Legislature, urging that this Lorly Friend and 
Guardian of the first comers to California bo now 
received as the Protege of our State 1 and that 
some suitable demonstration bo made by tbo 
guardians of our State, to throw around him that 
generous protection which he so well deserves. 
Wo would, with all duo deference ta tbo Honora- 
ble tho Senate and Assembly nuggeaLthala Com- 
mittee be raised who shall take 
their bands, and iuvcstigi 
what better, nobler, 

We bavo boon called 
out! Edith Montressor would fain take us lodo 
for neglecting Bon Bolt, and being partial to our 
fair contributors. If Edith will but rcfor to tho 
letters alluded to, and re-read them, she will soon 
be convinced that tho Colonel was just. Ben 
Bolt needed no aid from us ; ho was a star of the 
first magnitude in tho hemisphere in which ho 
reigned ; and if ho was dimmed by tho brilliancy 
of tho bright galaxy around biro, why blame the 
Colonel 1 If Edith thinks Ben Bolt slighted by 
being placed among the fruit trees and garden 
seeds, we can only say that wo felt It was a 
proper place, for Ben is u Tair and goodly tree, 
bears good fruit, and thu garden ho cultivates Is a 
proof of it ; for if Edith will only visit his pretty 
homestead, thero will he found, no douht, lots of 
little Bolts, with golden heads and bright points 
or at least thero ought to be. But when Edit! 
becomes so personal as to intiroato about tho 
Queen of flowers, sho forgets that tho great book 
says "the truth is not to bo spoken at all times," 
especially quite publicly. Wo will forgive Edith, 
however, if sho will only tell us wl ' 
resides. Wo would * * * ' 
pr.iluful to Willi for tho Informal! 
surely h»vo our approbation. O 
liri,l her 'ApprjWiiou" worthy a 
King and Old Block will nr 

ing Monday (tbo 
,d finished 
working days. Uur- 
nmount of work has 
to sea. In addi- 
rigging, madu by 
number of new sails, 
by llMding Jfc Linekin, Messr?. Kingot £ 
Bit:lev have made a now foremast, jib-boo^ 
main and roiwen top gallant masts, three 
yards, ono lop-gallant yard, two royal yftt 
sky sail yards, and other spars. Tho iroi 
was mado by Messrs. W. S. Phelps & C. 
dispatch with which this work, ihrougboi 
been done, is worthy of much praise, am 
Striking illustration of the skill and persev 
of oar mechanics. Messrs. W.T. Coleii 
the consignees of tho Atmosphere, wer 
by old bands at estimating, that the li 
««>■(• to repair the domoges in the basl 

least thirty days. Fifteen days were agreed 

on as tho outside time to put tho ship n. or.lor 

.., gea ; and tho repairs were at once commenced, 

each mechanic doing his best lo lorivura tiie 

■k which, as has been stiled| was >nono in 

thirteen working d»j s. It affords us pleasure 

ds, two 

n & Co. 

□ then 

is of tho mechanics engaged i 

t.'.-r.' tli 




ion; sb 





oswor Edith 

feel bi 


and highly talontod lady loft o 
by the last steamer, called hen 


State will bo the gainers at all eve 

Shutihe Dooii.— Yea. shut tho door ! What 
o. sign for a publio office! Yet, euuh bus beon 
tho soverity of tho cold ia San Francisco for thi 
last few days, that tbeso words are necessary 
upon our doon. Shot tho door! This oa 
mado a fruitful tbame for some pen— sing 
prose and voree— for although in this case il 
merely meant to "keep tho cold out," yet tbaro 
are many v.ny- -.-,l,.,,-.-in t.i"IU..Ul» e;«ays could 
bo written lo keen aoau other wticcltomc in- 
lnider» out — especially Idlers, goasipors. indo- 
lence, etc. Wo bopo eomu ublo pen will take 

and repot 
ILting time to have 
!2d of February, the birth- 
day of Washington 7 a fjtlingdoy for noble deeds ! 
Sutter's Fort lies in roins 1 Socramcnto and 
the vast plains beyond, once his own fair domain, 
have all been wrested from bim, and now wo be- 
hold him surrounded by wurso than wolves, ond 
in his declining years, with a family depcndebl 
upon him. If men will took on and see him suf 
fer unavenged, God will he his avenger. But w, 
trust a belter and brighter day dawns on him 
Samson-like, ho has risen in his yet remaining 
strenglh.and burst tho shackles that bound Uii 
stands forth 

ightupoo hh 
by reason of bis long suffering and bondage. Shall 
his cry be in vain 7 We havo faith to believe a 
saving band is being raised, and wc hope that 
California, for tbo sok. 

xamplo that shall at Icaat equal 
that which Engbnd set when she rccogn 
ible good that she secured by 
covery of gold in Australia. 
Thero is a debt of gratitude which our Stale 
sea to Ibis veteran Piunecr, which oiwt lo |. ii>l 
before (leaven will permit 
a Slate ; and should we, as a Stale, fall to acquit 
ourselves of It, the time is not far distant when 
cry will echoj.sayliig, 

This ostimnblo 
ar bright shores 
a by tho strong- 
binds the human heart, that of r 
mother to tho caro of tho sick uad safforing whe 
bear bar own name. Jjt-sdernii'r 1i;l- 
been n resident of California for more thau i 
year, and won many friends, Sho possessed 
rare talent, n treasure house of mind, as evinced 
by her eloquent language and tho glowing 
thought that hns flowed from hor pen. She 
riad! -puke, wrote and breathed pot.. try ; and 
v.-u give in our columns ihirt week, hor "Voice.! 
of the Sea," published tbo morning of her 

Tho best wishes nnd prnyora of a host of 
frienas go with her, and with u trust that no 
darker of sorrow may ever moro visit hor 
spirit; bul brit'lil'.T ilr.ys, brighter hppr 
brighter pro.'peot.-i lienilJ her and greet hor 
among her kindred, and bo with her and bar 


MANsriBLti & Wood.— This justly cele- 
brated ond highly fashionable clothing establish- 
ment may now bo esteemed tho bead quarters of 
this department of trade. Wo believe this is the 
only establishment whero a complete outfit to a 
gentleman's wardrobe can ho found in our city. 
From bead lo foot (excepting tho bat), every 
article of tho most superior make, and of quality 
tbo best ond most reliable, will bo found at this 
establishment. Every articleisof the most sol ect 
kind, having reference to a set of customers that 
shall bo permanent. Their warehouse Is the 
most completely elegant ou this coast. Moat 
cordially do wo invite all, and particularly strang- 
ers visiting oar city, lo visit Mtssrs. Mans field _,t 
Wood's warohouse.on Montgomery s tree 1,0 pposilo 
Montgomery block. And as our formers have 
bier, reviving go'.d prices, find .ire nuw pro^-Mus, 
welhink that if anybody deserves good things 
they do, and thoy should wear 03 good cloth t- 

anybody c!se ; 

The Quest Billiard Match Between 
Puelan and Benjamin.— Thi Philadelphia 
Press gives a long and, full account of tho great 
game ol billiards played between these famous 
players, for two IhoiiFand dollars. Tho result 
was nine gomes by Phelan to two by his, an- 
tagonist. This has been announced as the most 
remarkable match yot played and tbo greatest 
victory, and giving to Phelan tho title of king of 
billiard players. A (jreat celubra " 
•„„.., , tl„. friends nf Phelan on th 
was a guild affair. On the ret 
news hero, M. E. Hughs, E*q.. nger 
Inn Cushions for this city-, manifested his 

?'S:? ; "r::? 




v-^rv '--< 

Cnuirco, 3 !™^^".?" 


.a.-JJu,,. n „,l>- u r 

... .<. WrJH! 








., ... 



romnlBjtoJ . Gmlou . 


and !-|,i riled piptr linvingehimged proprietors ant 

editors, W. Wright, Esn,., who has presided ove 

mns with credit and ability, utters thi 

He calls fur aid I following truths on taking leave of bis post a 

who engages In the editorial profetsior 
ond applies himself thoughtfully, day ond night 
aliernnting between article and paragraph 

=,180 Ja 
him for his courtesy to u 

Wo refe 

of the 

.f bis Men 
We than 

CAi-tFonsii Ale vkiisuh English Am, — Every- 
body is ok-ing — Californians, Englishmen and 
Scotchmen ; and the great strife stems to be, which 
country can offer the best medicine. One thing 
ia very certain, "truth is stranger .than futimi," 
and when the contest comes, and. tbo people arc 
called upon lo decide, wo believa the prim will bo 
arnirdcd to Culifornia ; but thete were two i,r'oni 
iu the field, both eluiming lo be victors. One says 
Li-on, and llie other says Ly-on ; now, when tbey 
appeal to the people, who in fact aro the jury in 
this case, llicy sit irfi Ly-nn the orders lo tbo 
Empire Brewery, Jessie street, Son Fr 

Family Stores ron oun Fabmeus and 
Bahcherob— Tbo good demand for grain and 
other produce, must necessarily bring many of 
our wealthy farmers and ranclieros to our city to 
transact their business connotlcd with tho saleof 
their produce. They also are largo purchasers of 
agricultural implement, svcls, trees, Ac. While 
in tho city tbey must also bo the purchasers, too 
largo amount, of family stores; and wishing to 
do them n double good, wo would wish lo direct 
their attention to the, house of 

Wholesale Grocers on Front street, who from 
their very extensive stock will bo sure lo 
please them, ond are enabled lo give them tho 
Very best articles ol the very lowest rales. Messrs. 
Fordhom, Jennings & Co. are desirous or secur- 
ing tho best trade o! tho State, ond wo believe 
and know the formers to bo tbo best purchasers 

vilh. a 

o this 


it Ale within, 

i that settles the 


I hav 

;very description ofsubji 

is no prospect but a broader vli 

labor, and a sccIubIou 

Tho Ago will hereafter be under the control 
Mr. Thomas P. Ford, and wo hopo lis future si 
cess will bs aa brilliant as its post has been, 
has been under (W)right headway, and surely it 
..■:,i> .-.(-/■ W ; 

i subject, for ol 

Terrilory t, 

Suifpino— Ano-i 

aro sent from Washington 
land. Wo hope wo shall not 
Ingland if there is a Utile »j,ar. 

l'l .lnq-v .ij„ all Ihci entity trnln 
Olhomia vttu, 'til IneTiltlndo." 
wo havo done our humblo part. Wo b 
:en as our own heart prompted, and We r 
e tbo rccurd pf tbo celebrated documc 
th appear appended lo the truthful ono 
,crol Sutter, and teavo the cause to men r 

, JOilH A, SUITEa, 

Bpcoltl Hotics. 

7,UEa5 PUESESI9, - 

lie oo iho 14th 

. - ,il.l c ]iy.ln i 

f ,. fi t.'il3 l 2U,- > lS:.,..| .'I'M,, 
.tlr.,1, I Lli.-witi-nidoriroyT. 
■: 1'.....-tM Attr.raoy in him, ft,, 
tbe pom" "t ('.till ln ItiowiJ 
the Hit. day, HwS.ihe 
1 eiKutetl ~ ' 

>1 Hrtttoe MliooBlcJElni m,do, 

Heal Si-ebhacbti.— Wc found cakes of the 
spermaceti lallow at tho house of Standford 
Brothers, which isctjual to the very best evci 
duced at tho works ut the East; and wo learn that 
this Crm have snlTiclent on hontl to make 10,000 
pounas of aperinaceti candles. We hope ac 
see this pioneer iight. i 

J. P. Bwbbsby & Co.— Messrs. Sweeney k Co. 
havo on band and are constantly receiving, all tho 
varieties of field, garden and flower seeds, usually 
kept by seedsmen. Messrs. S. havo trtca, plants 
uri.l thrul*, iii Krtai. variety, and purchasers can 
judge their ability by calling. 

Tim Alta Evpiieos Company will accept 
oar thanks for thoir prompt supply of up-river 
exchanges and for scleral favors. If wo aro lo 
judge by appearances we should think their bus!- 
in-. ; ,isr.ii.i'Myi[,cK-i-irig. Whotcvertbuy under- 
take is dona promptly, 

lllll 111. J .:: .ll-.v : 1 1 [ r . - L" I ■ ■ r All- ilhil IMV.: ■..■It.-, ir, 

li,.- irnpiirUiiion from abroad, a* p.rovi ,1 l'i'..iii tli...| 
iiK'reiiH -,1" trude, and the "decrease" or the 10 
ported article^ 

A New Bboou Sweits Ci.kak. — Shall wo in. 
^orf brooms from abroad and send our money 
away, when we can mako them better nna eheapi 
here, and keep our gold for homo use. Wc spent 
i, little ti m,i in lbs broom factory of Messrs. 0. W. 
& O. W. Arms, on Market street, Snn Francisco, 
lost week, and were pleased nl the progress wo nrt 
moking in our home industry. Messrs. Armt 
Ci'imitielict'il their lui.-mi:?} in lfcifi-1, arid ilien grew 
two acres of broom corn. They plant tbe pr.;ent 
year, by inntnict.Tire/iit'KireJutrei, iim] mnv luvj, 
ii.-. men 1, unity emplny...! in milking brooms. 

Thoy from Bun to .my ,lr>„.„ mnnlLly 
find ready fule fur all they can make, and can sen 
tbetD cheaper than they can bo imported. Now 
we can say to our eastern manufacturers, keep your 
brooma ut hntn.., nnlv .3 y.,u rlri . |irepnnd to make 
heavy loss by sending them to California. 

A Welmuhbh — Hoy. Wcller mado a most 
happy hit In his brief message to tho Legislature, 
recently, upon the subject or "a chnngo of names." 
While rather rebuking the men for asking tho 
Legislature to change their names, upon frivolous 
er.']-:-i, he eurnesilly hoped tha females or California 
will net a wiser |. .r« . imd minjii an ein.ier plun. 
Tho Tutr isx will undoubtedly listen to his Eicel- 

I'-'H'y'.ic n.,.1, nod however well dlf they may be 

»n E U, they would bo WclUr, if Ibcy chango their 
names as advised, 

H Will 

cull i n 1; the iitteylion of. 

ir place of 

To Oor Reaogrs At 
Wo have No. 3 ou Gophers, Rabbits and Squir- 
rels, from Agricoln, which will appear in our neit. 

Wo aoknowledgo valuable munusoript from 
Andreas, which shall bavn early attention. It 
is always with regret wo defer valuable articles, 
but tho length of tho interesting history of tbo 
"Grasshoppers and Locusts," compels us for a 
briof timo ta defer much that WO' bitvo ready. 
Among our deferred articles, wo have manu- 
script from Bessie, Alice, C. W., Poetry from 
several contributors for eonsidiiration, and many 
inlt'i'i'stmg lottors for roviaw. 

Tho author of tbo nafe addressed to the "Asso- 
ciate Editor," signed "A Friend," wtll pleaso-for- 
word nddress, and oblige. Also, the "Poem," 

Wo must ngniu remind our correspondent! 
that it is t'mjvriilirc with us to know tho writor. 
Wo must bavo the real signatures, to insura tho 
appearance of their letters Ol 

Wo would call attention to tho nn 
Scientific- Piraoy, as worthy of notice. 

Tho notice of tbo Chineso Prolifio P01 
catch tho oyo of'formors, 

Fanners, busineoB men. nnd families. 1 
and _ all particularly invited to look to 
vorlising columns. Tboro is muoh of ii 
for tbera. 


Valdable Leoialatioh. Wo notice wilh 

much ploasuro several biilS Of imporlanco, framed 
for tho best interest of thu industrial classes, up 
before the Legislature. It is a glorious sign when 
Hep resonio lives are ownkd to the true Interest of 
the working clnss. A ver'y important bill, toucb- 
nii; in.chi.nic'.H lien, in L.-Bire the Assembly, IrinlM 
by our able workhrg Iloprcsentntito Hank'. 
These are tho Banks that u ill preserve the earn- 
ings of tho mccbanlo 



lady Reporters In Congress 

new era dawns npon ub, and we must wj we 
see it ttonoonred in the Washington 
,..:. srs. Hut wo bdiQ, Miss narrict Fttmiy Et-ftd 
for tie Cbaifcston Courier (S. C), M<1 " IB8 
Windie to ibc Bnsion Podt ()faa.). wiU ,nko 
their Kat3 as reporters, in lira Representative 
Chambers of the United Swlca. 

We look opon (iii Mint as on indication thai 
hereafter no occasion Trill occur wherein onglil 

shall be sni J o 

offend that delicate si 

of propriety which adds so much to the cbnracler 
of wotiBO i and it is also admitting that woman is 
fully qualified to engage in those high intellectual 
pursuits which should ba an honor to all. 

We hop* soon lo hare the pleasure to /lead cor- 
r-;t rqcirt,=, ai.J if ili-iv ar? iiimlie hy reason or 
the current or debate, wo kuow tlicy will bo wafted 
by a fair wind under all circumstances. 

A Valuable Tomato Vise.— A fine Tom attf 
Vino has bren in beariof io the garden of J. C. 
Harvey, Esq., corner of Clay and Powell streets, 
since-Augnst list, and the product has been some 
200 pounds. It is trained npon a trellis, and oc- 
cupies u space 18 feet by 9. Besides furnishing 
enough for family use, tlitro have been sold * 
§20 to S30 worth this present winter. These To- 
matoes can now bu seen at stall No, I Washing!! 
Market, and arc the same to which we referred 
two week? since. Tbcy wore grown " 
tory, upon one single Tine, 

Beooucokk Sekb foii Horses. — We hove 
been informed by those who hare raised Inr; 
quantities of -Broom corn, that they f«tf the seed 
their horses, and that it is eaten as readily 
as barley: and also thai it gites the horse 
mrre solid tkslrand uiuscle. Will those who havr 
tried it, please forward 

Beffbjl nd CmFIca- Obeiwr Whin Hop. 

niopniho.ii^t -v.'-'r-.*; 

63- REaiSTEr OF ST0CK.-A11 -bo ore btemlf 

Bill owl oRtBUtorkoitaSourOfflco, for the entry of i 
El«k for (alt, and their .fall ml cottm", ptdiErcc? ; . 

i!--:t ■laniqnalftr: 

' <l A WJrrto, jut /ran the Sam will bo 




or Acricoltonll Dock* 


io nam 

pabllfhoJ la ido COUDtr] 


and Tori 


111 of lb 

and Uiow oDtoiln^ tbelr 

ttnlte Urn Horkat laa 

-irlieit J 


fjy cocpir, A co 

. PuUll-L- 

-. ma [da' 

V CitflJopirt ku pa 




f^-Tjlwlon Uln. !,l>-r.y S 

,d„ u 

■ '; 


JS- Persons pure 

a'in K a 

Idea ad 

or , ] . (H j ;n 

our columns fjllconi 



tandscape Gardener, 

T, n .s™:s,r,s r- ? 4"'— «• »»-* 

/.■."'.'■■' ; ''V i; ■■■■■■• '.•■;■■■'■ ' 

•i. u */i,a„,/.;U b ;,;jl,*;;u- »r.,i „,„,, 

UBLEAKLUvi'l'-!' ,„, .' i ,'. L ,''' :l:r ! .. „ 

TnosE who ship Trees, Shrubs, Plants, Roots, 
Vines, otc., cannot bo loo cnrofnl in the packing 
of them for California. Dry moss, close packing, 
i3 always best for trees and plants ; for tuberous 
andbnlbons roots, thin hoies, one within theother, 
with a lining of moss between to absorb tho mois- 
■tarc, is of great value in presem'og thpm in health. 
Tub-m-js rti'ls, .--.icli as dahlia*, rhubarb, etc., 
-ImuI.1 rkv.r h-.- divided. Ont- might as well ol- 
pect anapple or pear to keep On the passage, 
in! in Pieces, as bulbous roots to be preserved 
when divided. 

We hope this advice will be heeded, for 
ffiII surely accrue, when disregnrded. 

Flohai. Hotel— A new name for a hotel 
rurely ; hut we ask any person to go lo Sansomo 
itrcet. and stand upon tho sidewalk at Brsdihow 
it Co's extensive grocery store (go there and 
make a good purchase}, and look opposite al the 
Tehama House, and they will suppose il some 
vastconfiervatory. It isonc of the prettiest sights 
in our eity.and docs great credil lo the [,r..[.rkli>r, 
G. W. Frink. Esq, wbo certainly showa his good 
laslc in ofliritiL- -n [.l.i-int ?, jiromL-nade fur his 
boarders. Sorely One can sleop most nn.Mjtly 
amid the fragrance of Such r> bevy of Flora's 
bright gems. 


Bt and nht-ac, led hltH]»(r-. 

"llT»« [!:" 0:il.-l:.l ti.-,,.rl ..| [I..- Id.IutiM f:-|,:!:li.c 
,- 0,-rmsri R:l -n.l ,-[.-!!-. I r : I, -J VuL: » Eaan-lailr hnvo 
Pcaal. of Ut. A. W. f.iVrr ■. ■: ir .irijuc.; oil cum]-.-:Lii..:,, 

fcrior qu.lltj L, a m,,W, wioo will, 
-, khih wlih (to nunc, ir. J. Fibv, 

ijur.^V L-..-.J i'.^clls. 

FABEll, Snie A;rnl 

io wo«a 


San Fraaclxco, California. 

In ovorv panicolnr. Ihopwoni ' 

I.,-;., mil l!,iii.-^r-, 

.'!th a dolicaoy nut wishing to cnoroirli open the moriti 

■lilcli tliolr onuri'rlso ha« btea rcccivtit bj a diftriml- 
buiviac eonclu.iv^lr (Lq SU1'£KI0H MODE in which 

For Familiea or Single Gentlemen, 

P. B. SMITH. Ulo Eiatnj Aeoat a 
tho Uul.l, f-r Oho Dollar oarh, in 



fo3^"oh:a.m, JENNiisras & co., 

*es- Jm=- «J» ecn e: :e."E- ^= 9 


1 ; 

Xad Denlors In 

■W OO 3D H 1ST - W ARE, S= C . , 

rnmlllcy', Hotel, Ship, Farmers' and Ranclicrs' Stores, 

Pul uji lo Order, mid at lite Loaat Rates. 
K?- Goods delivered u uioal. 13,-6] POEDHAM, JESNINQS & CO. 

IVatlv* UiiK> and Braudlcs. 


Sparkling California 


Lyon & Co.'b Brewery, 


r thou 

1 or thi 

LAWI0N ULACKI1ERKV— tba r^oljlolln (bi 
ie hj Mr, J. Q. A. Wo 

:. U ;-ht-,al 


e. 130 W 

i.nlU d 

t r;-/. t,'- .t". . "V ' . _1 r "'!'■ ll !;'"; : '*' * :' A ;'■■'•• ■ -i i«'- 

IW a .. i '" '■■ " '" '■ " ■ '■'■'■ ■ ■■■ I (■..■ 1..-.- , , 

— "•.•n.D>nj-, f BMlcfe i] m] BIl J D | nl ] ][)1(ult . 

park ft White, wl.-,!,-^,. 

■"J [■ -paiiflij 

Pniprictan iial J'crfiunt,,, 
LBwrty Mica, Hi 




^i-isna PATENT 




J- Mlon-utho "Olp FoaiK' Tnlil. -.. „! l),..d„j. And 

Miserable Imitations 


Uo '■!'..« 
— r.i: Ith.K 

■ lh-jir rri.nd. , 
nii;liar.| it «■;■ 


'and ..(.M^ihujausinoatol 
".yiX.; CO, Empire Urn' 




TT hill U'.l-i-.^ll.^I.ITIIIl.lTtlHE, ATlT.^l POLITICS. 


P K O U TJ G B. 

, Produc, 

R. 11. BENNETT, A CO., 

Journal of Eiiral Art and Rural Tasle. 

Conductor: b r j. jay SMITH, Editor of the Hortu 




vekv i!--':.,)' VJ r i'.vlw!, f , r ;'';'.. J .;" J 

u P^rt™»''f^" l ^l'-,.'ir,,,, n l,,^^,,^^^j r ^'; 



L.idies' .iKi) Child 11 e-vs' Hp^eav, ac, 
The Best Assortinent in She Frai 

LADIES' LINEN owdr~ii) onr am oidor' 

£>---- r...i v i- imitcj i„ mi BoJ , 

' ,,,0 " D KOHCR 

HI sacmraonto Ureal, abon, Jloa 





Odd .Fellows' Loderos and Enoampmenta 

Attention, 'Farmers! 
Broadcast Grain Sower) 





New Wingred Tr 



amluo hi. nonl? 

iv;,^,! 1 ';;'';;' :' , ■ ;''.■' '■.■''■'", /-,--/ v ■:-'-"■" 

lu-l.3ai .iMWTMODavljta 


<!. nT.,1 ln<i< 

ata^Jj™ lb* 

lfljfir~c!XL SobSia^ae me e . 

faW gqaitnititt. 

Thou hut ft 
The borne i! 

Whin ilcknan' iritaorinr toncn, 
■lia then m mlii il.y genllo hui 

Yot cm no nljh Iheo how to ins 

Molhinkl I heir th j Jnlril »r. 

Ml o.rliost.trnoit friend. 
And tf aij- path in lifo'i rtra S h ™>y. 

Tea Flail mt Vor hotel. 
Thy connaoli kind, nhieh tbon didjt eiv 



nnd wiah I were more de 
iriso nnd good, for the lov 
of that better world, and 

erving the lovo of the 

of .-mi: Ii is a foretaste 

nd ho ire n." 


Sho is disposed to scold 

ne for omitting to no- 

WontTWtdoeiHOf lueloBBOH It 

ThroiiBh the 1oLi( end murkj tiilitl 
WhllolhoiUnnro draped in dim 


Heir the d»jbTn C o( 


On the [hind ho* mi 

sad lulloaly it iriellj, 

TThmt B t»lo of hopolecncjj Ibat BHd b 

JBecalc* tell] ; 

Now'ltiwnlline, wsiUnj, nailiCB, 

To lie Jeif ioa'» mnddnnios roar— 

V,"L - 1 .■ the atari are draped ii: dimn 

Toil old «iu In its grioineu. 

Ce uoien rolli. 

EtoBding hero upon Ihe beeth 

What a throb of rwtloiraoij Ibeir ebb o 

: i D'iW imi*'j ; 

oVl thon najhl of piij, in thy palpila 
:r Ihrobbint, tbiobliios, throbbing, 

frbata depth of »nonin lb»t laolnncloly tone- 
Em tabbing, mbbine, wbbbg, 


Ar.!i!llb!:ir,.-.- [ ill. J .-3.: 0t T(il.ltlOBB, 
Ecwirinc nea ilrenclb on Ibo "r»Ti 



ivigoralea and 

THERE is nothing which 
stimulates the miud to. good 
Ioto of approbation, and when jadjcionily ba 
stowed upon those whoso efforts and inlanlinni 
arc to do good, although thej- may be fur frou 
perfection, willcauio them to doubla tht 

ore often of most durability if not practicability, 
and have noticed witb whnt eagerness all Softool 
children will scire with' trembling hand the littli 
ticket* presented them— mere soraps of white 
paper-hastening homo to show them to their 
parents ; and why is it I Becauso their names 
are written there with tlio words of approbation . 
, , , I II ,, would-bo writer, who with 
palpitating boards his first . prod action to 
the press, n .vaitiuc; with loot ai.nety no ono else 
■in Ith.iv t.i j,.,. wl]iitiiis|i'viti'Jii lias been made 
thereof' and iffortunalely it has boon favorably 
oocepted, how bis heart burns to write some- 
thing bolter, to produce something more noble, 
more worthy of being printed and read ; when a 
blunt rejection would bavo been a death bhiw to 
his intellectual aspirations. ■ • ,* 

ivo so far up in the monntaius above the 
bend of "mule navigation." that I do not receive 
illora or papers ofleuer than onoo or twice 
atb. ond on receiving a large package of 
matter the other day (Joo. 17th). I found 
adiDg the Farmer that "Alico" had been 
talking to mo in thoLauW Deportment, paying 
lany beauliful, bat more than merited eon 
mts; for which I kindly thank her. f 
theugh'htr fnco I have never seen, 'she is oi 
horn I feel a sister's love, and find, Jrnly 


■:.. I,..'t!,:r 

might i;i~c-:iura«e them from making 
attempt. Instoneo the. child making ita first 
efforts at learning to write, if only told of his 
inaeearacies and the deficieuces alone pointed 
out, will soon become disheartened and will not 
progress like the one-whmo teacher encourages 
him by saying, "it is very well done, bat keep 
tijmgi" although at Ibo some time ho may be 
ebbged to turn o=ido his face to hide the sroilo 
occasioned by the ludicrous trf.pou.mueo of the 
uncouth scrawl. 

The mother knows well the power and effi- 
cacy of this all-potont charm, when she rsqaests 
her liltlo boy to do something, and when lie bos 
done it, perhaps with eomo reluctance, she then 
says to him, kindly, "you ore mother's HtUo 
man, and she is glad to bavo her son to help 
her," His eyes will sparkle with delight, and 
bis enorgiea so aroused, that bo will then offi 
to do twice what he is able to perform, nnd whe 
Ending box little be can really do, will tell his 
mother in editing language what ho will do fo 
her when ho ge lB t0 bo a "big man," for his 
mother's words make aim ulready feel that bo 

tire her favorites, "Kulie King" and "Old 
Block," and 1 find by looking over tho FAkjier 
thut I left out mnny others of the Colouel'e 
family, which are getting rather numerous to 
each by name, hut uot so much so but 
overy ono is cherished in my memory, nnd all 
.if their rich and varied productions ever rend 

As for '"Ratio King," I have not BSon hot in 
the Ladies' Department so much as once, to ray 
knowledge; and "Bessie" says (but I will not 
II it out loud, but will whisper it in your cor, 
ilice," "that tin- p/it-i'ii stm does not write any 
ore. is, because her timo is so much taken up 
ith that red-headed husband of hers"). And 
I fear Mr. Delano, whose writings I liovu alwnys 
read with a groat deal of pleasure (but have 
failed to recognlio in tho columns' of the Far- 
mer), will not feel very much flattered by the 
way you handled bis nine, and .-.tumid not think 
it strange if ho set his fuce against you the neit 
time ho sees you ; bo serving you right. 

And now I must scold the Colonel n little, for 
I think he is too partial to tho ladies ; or how is 
find o beautiful Allegory, by "Ueu 
Bolt," which would have done credit to tho pen 
if Si P. Willis, put away in tho oaVertiSing 
■orner, among the plows, fruit trees and garden 
leads', without so much as a word of comment 
jpon so fine n production. How is this ? I hope 
(■on do not eihnnst your compliments so en- 
tirely upon the ladies,' that you hove not so 
as a just mei'd of praise to bestow upon 
gentlemen contributors. Perhnps you 
it youisulf and modestly put it there, you 
lifying tho "Oak," nnd thus figuratively 
cidvi-rli.-iu,; f.r mine 'IJ'i.-eu of Flowers," to 
eomo nnd grow by your side. This hint may 
bo of benefit to such jlosi'tn as may be growing 
witlniut the protection of an oat. * • • • 

There are times ond scenes when we fed as 
if ■■tuniiio- nil the v.-r^e of ct.Tiiity, and almost, 
as it were, in the \i.-il.|<- |irr=nncu of the Creator; 
when all tho wraith of earth appears r,s nothing 
in comparison with tho approbation of o good 
conscience. We fe'ol ibis when on a bed of 
sickness; fri-udr gather around our bedside, 
looking nislfully upon us, speaking in low tones 
to tho physician, who shakes his head, g 
some directions about keeping quiet, nnd In 
us. bow at such a moment tho soul turr 
upon itself and asks, can I hopo for tho 
proving smiles of lieavon ! 

And again, when nlone in tho midst of tho 
iiublimity of nature, whero no voice or sound is 
htuid by iiinrlal ear. llu; soul li-tcns entranced 
to that impressive language addressed with 
power to the perceptive faculties, speaking as in 
thundor^tonos of the goodness and majesty ol 
iperienoed tho other evening at 
I walked out on tho crested snow upon tho sid. 

,.f II 



a ecbool teaching, I ban 
seen some cnnuren whoso faculties were slow to 
cipaod, mid foiftd they needed twice tb 
coQTOgeaeiit in their studies, that other, 
who wen. quicker of approhension ; but bch'ovo 
that tho minds of slow growth, like that of trees, 

l befor 

t down on Ihe limb of. 

mo A1 | 0T .1 ^.A. 

Obitimbi- Notice.— Tho Panama Star re- 
cently made recofd of tho death of a young and 
lovely lady at that place wlioso decease caused a 
deep and sad sensation there. By tho notice wo 
learn that this gifted and highly reverenced young 
Indy died from grief at the loss of a mother that 
she idolized. The lady, as well as her family, was 
well-known to Californians. She was deeply 
loved whilo living, nnd truly mourned when dend. 
Wo copy the wellTdcscrved eulogy from tho Slar 

Wo noted, briefly, tbodeath of Sefiorita Mar- 
tina fjuessda, daughter or Don Mariano Arose- 
mcfln, or this city. The decease of this young' 
lady is cue of the'grcntct mi. fortunes tho most 
ru lined portion of the society nt Panama, has suf- 
fered for many a year. She was gifted with a 
most brillisnt intellect, with a cultiraied mind. 
Stored with the ri'-liv'i i:eni- .■f---i..-rn.:, | liii'.'-'i'h.i 
and literature, ond was an elegant writer. She 
spoke fluently three or four languages, ond was 
thus always, with her accomplished sisters, a 
favorite with educated nnd learned stringer- nod 
travelers sojourning for a space on the ItthrriuB. 
Among the poor and sick she was rcven^l nlmost 
as nn angel. Wh.n si.di a soul ascends to tho 
Father, something more than the posing notice 


Seeds 1 Seeds ! Seeds I 

HELD nn.l liAHllUN iP.HUS, nnj »"lll vate 

.M ..i'l': '■':[■•<, He: mnoliT, anotapanied mitt tho wsh, 

II-.,. |.r..,-,|ilv ,.li. ■,.]■ .1 I-, a nJ faithful I v ■.■i.:l-jIiJ 

'.If-'il.- i.^rin-- J..-irin;> ' ~ " 
n.u I— lU-il, "l.ii,.. ..nd Yellow, 

llKl-Liiii While Siluian H«'J M=n C »lw 

Caiititt.Htir, (if wrlii Ilr.- (J li, „f -urn. 

Jic].jQ.', t .frf.rt. r„.. U [,iK l .r...>f-.,rl.. Etc., 
]' E „-mi„i -I .lii&mut kinds. 
Kim L,aTi-..l' ,lilI.;.Ml kinds 

FnutTH!0Js, O f nllkindl. 

, lorli— Omgo Orango 

. a«A. 



Field and Garden sends, Flower do.. Emits 

do., Troa toads, Canary, Hemp, Millet. Bapi 

and Hnw seeds. Herb seeds, Freni 

Bngar-Bcet seed, Chinese Eager-Cant 



which ha ofTan to tbs FnrmoM and to the trade th 

.„■! ibo Stslo ..nlil.tnlurniN. Tho old nnd «i,l„. 

r.,].uuii..,n,flhi. II, ,1.-. .,f fuiTii, liii, ,-[!„-(,. -i iji-,. 

c,.u l, OTWurod (i, Ibf Ei-loio SlatM an, I Euri,| 

(ho flariinSwds nr'o r"i';td nnd'iiut 1 u!, 1,'j'l'i,,, •: 
N. B — Parlits wbhiOE smnll napomof Socdsft 

.i.l). I.i |..r= 

o Ihe -i: 



Now Halt 

Garden, Field and Flower Sccaa 

ing |)i:oIl^ of tho Sierras, robod 

,tle. gUttfiriiiR in tb.. h<M of lb,, l, r „ m i.f at .,.'d 
-n. aud casting their long dark shadows far 
)ss the deep canons at tholr base, whero 
stood in serried lanks tho tall cedars liko so 
itinola guarding tho approach to tho 
b.liy thriin.) of tho Winter King, nbovo which'id avliil... iloecy ns vvith (l canopy of 
'ight, of moru than ro^il ^pl^nrlor. Whilo 
bovo. how Inn.-, iinl.oitly i.tamiful appeared 
In. il..-c|i bhk: vault of li..'(iven, v.-lo-rr, hung „<i.i- 
iii-'mldd thi: nnuy-colorer] huoji.H nl" oti-niiiv to 
guid" i.n.l load the mind of man "from V-ii.jro 
up to Nature's God." 

Who can look upon a scene liko this, and not 

feel how intignificant are all worldly pomp and 

in J tih-i feel Ihe promptings of thu 

ithin him, to da something by which 

",»';■■ '" ln-^t ■■■ceivo that iTclcome plaudit, 

Weil done good and faithful servant, onlor 


A Tender Hehioof.-A little boy hod oi 
day dono wrong, and was sent, after parental 

what he avr.ulrl ,"iv, 

■ -■'■■■■■ ■iKvi.ig 

beard him i n 
ido botlor novn 

'. ^■■..■■i-..a,»5;i , SSS,iS'S 

V ugniu; i, 
dded, "Lq 


Garden, Field, flower nnd Tree Seeds, 
Fruit and Ornamental Trees and .?hr„l.., ;, - 
KB 1 - O.ut.j, p o r Mill or Klpr™, P ,om r ,Uy llteadod u 

New and Bare Plants, Vinea, &o., 

J Now^Eochnllo, or Lawtoa 21aekb»rr r ■ 

|r£uir™ soR "ts w r , i : , cw , 

» Ehnbarb 


Irtr.-II.; »Ttb|- 

Concard Grapo, fto. ftj. 

ToOrouer. or fillKlll . llcct . 
1»000„-"'"" ,:J l "~ l . tlJ,1! " bekt H:m., j. 
Kl 1 loa„ HDuWlni , ulcnMc ^,^ u ^ n on wa.lsan.cnt, 

ntaDiruolli Squash. 


r ARSONS * CO., 

FI,rjsHIN(t, noar HEW YORK, 

OFFER FOR SALE on uATrttnont of Troes and 
ii.:,: n-,.-! i, .iv ,1-iii' l"i 'ho mo of, mon- 
i..iir,, „r.,| b..o ,,;,.,..■,„>(. I.J- i-|i-.-,nr,Tii ti..n-plnntiuj and 

thom will bo,l 


r.:..i..„l,..,,l y 

ind n^no bat thuio <i( tho bast gonlity arn altowm 

The Ornamental Department 

The Exotic. Department 

Contains a Sno i.^.rtinnii of CtucLt-HB. ffroi 

tl -,' !.'."'. 0,u.,|n' , .. , | n ,ii',"li.'r .'i ■'.■!., ,!u:jly. The 
all dnrcr.illv f.nnn fur thwo who desire plants of 

CATALOGUES of all tho JerirlmenU will bo fun 

II . A . DREER, 
* 327 Chertnot street, % 




Linnoras Ebubarb, til P thnunod. 



. n. lapviscorr & co., 

Climatology of Ihe I'riik.I Stnl-s; and of tho 

Ll.un It. Ill,' I.lfiil.- 

aidlfllhjjtrtled, EBCondEditt™..'. .'. ',-SJM 

Indigenous Rices of the E-irih ; or New Chap. 

.McMahon's American Gardener. Tho American 

,...i. i-;.-..,.., 

New Treatise on Laud Surveying, 


E. C. fi. J. BIDDLE, 

:i Siirvevinc. by S. Alsop. In this 

III"-, til'.'-, frX |ic:Tl^' I 

tcbool DircclDrjsr.d Ti^iIiit- I ■.>"• n,l luro et.pj pf tb^d^eitp. 

tliocntnlngunoruidrpeulicAEioiu : 

Crittenden's Treaties on Book- keeping. Tho 

Cleveland's EngH.-li Literature. JVcnty-fiJlti 


e. Cleveland's 

Harrison on tin' Hite, Progress, and Present 
Thu Works of Thorna-i Dick, LL. D. 10 rals. 

117 Fulton Street, - - - Hew York, 

IE EStllNEKFl ANil :.(.! •: U I K! J r.s 

GOOD MILK COW; A dccrjnrjon 



O. M.. HOVEY, 

tptrblj- colore a Pinto. In tin Highest 




. Ninot 

In F..vil i\-i.ivr. Vein me .'—tho Loiter PreM Dewr 

llom In 1 Now . Lortfo Tyr*. "iiL Xhii, C i,.iii 

Enginylnga Prioo,S30. 

For inlo by DOVEV X CO., 

& FLOTJEIMG ,-:--Zj 

livingrton's, Bailor's anflHosa' Patent Mills 

Prom tncotj to lUrtr-ili lorUm diiraomr. 
OLAEK'5 Fniscn Bean Sidsb CYLINDER MILL3, 

Bark MIIIn, Sm'ut Maclilucs, 


HARVEST, 18 5 8 !|A: P. SMITH'S 




San Francisco Brass and Boll Foundcry. 

SO. 53 IULLECK ST111" — 

iron works, &e. OHAKLES r>ICICE:N~S' WOUKS. 


and Implements, 




jj[lv . -!.>r.-.-.d M-. = [ !; .r-. 

McCORMICK'S REAPER .... This uni vcr^lly 

HUSSEY'S REAPER.. ..Baltimore moke. 

■■HALL'S" 8 and 10 horse THRESHER AND 

-■SPENCER'S" 8 and 10 horse TIli;l>il[|; 


EMERY'S 1 and 2 horse THRESHER, WITH 

"Hajmcs'" Heading Machines or 



SMITH'S S and 10 horfe PLANET POWERS, 


PERHAGO'S 8 and 10 horse PLANET POW- 

And also an unusually fino crop of 

A]] of which we offer upon is reasonably 

low Icrms as Ihey can be had at any 

reliable establishment. 

MjOnr Peach, Apple, Cherry, Apricot,«JJ 
S-. Nectarine, and Plum Trees, 2— 
Arc Tery large-slied, many of them of very Eupc- 

early nil, and eiaraino rorIbenj«l™ before pumbasiair 
olsenhero. For tba coavsulance of pnichuermB have 
divided oar tnwa i«cdrf&B to too folloninj- «l> of ilia, 
idpenona in moklnc their union n ill please tomon- 
m too (In Ihny wish, is follom: 
Fromafeet'to 6 foot high; 
FromBfeelto 7feothiehj 



irnfth trees (a tarje qimntiUei, and of the Tory fine 
rery year rail son variolica ato fruirlne, ind its tht 

Gauge Cocks, Cylinder Cocks, Oil Globes, 
Steam Whistles, Hydraulic Pipes and Nozzles 

OS- COUPLING JOISTS of ill iliu. tB-ffl3ai 


Market Square, corner of Bush and Market atreots 





Stills, Worms, Brew Kettles and Heaters, 

Lilt and Force Pumps, Brass Work, 

!T rSir™! 1 ".,™ T»Hf n otart» m*™ ™™b.wm™; 


1 contain. Flckvick Fapera and Curlo.Iry shop. 



oy unit &ra. 

QMwlKMf, detk..ti 

3 eoataloa Nlcholia Nicklnby, and Marlln Ohna- 


a caapHoKt 

" T:r 

■1- s ™ S'"?™; bo ™ d iH™ 

;; . "»i i- ■ i- ■■ ■!>■!"■ 


Tlil> Duodecimo cdtdira !• c™ f .[«e In Thlrt.s-n ioIui 

• -llii:,- 

,.„ n .lT |- 

nho desiro to increase Iholrt, much □ 
linn, thm they ua import Ihemselve 
fromonaof Iho Doit naLTADLC eoi 
and havln s been propa B alod here by 
BETTER TREES thin tbey can In 

The immense quantity of fruit sent every year 
from this tttabllahmtnl to Eaeramanloand San Ft 

ind flavor, and ire boilers oar facilities for being- 

In the depart men t of 

Shade and Ornamental Trees, 

"tleoJirly lie latter, ire hive a lat^o lot of from 10 
)fect hi E h. 

5'0 Shrnlj and Rosea. 





Dealer in Agricultural Implements. 

this r:mrruN is !■; thirteen yoLDMt 

lllii-i.„r.-i. inlh ..n":i 1 .j r 'j.rij'in»i I'r'i.r'-.LN."'',';. ;' !r 

:.!!■ Tnlru t, h-nii'-.Jl'l mi 

Published end for salo by 

Lb nyfot ™bo" Mtl'for'e 13. 
Liltir; DorriL 

^ilyi>o,l™lcd. Too 

Martin ChumleRil. 
BaraabT RnJ«. 
Skotchas by "Bin." _ 


!lUuli"f!l! I-' 1 ''.". 
ill, x.r. L -J-,ie ucthi-j.- 
Ir, E lll cJ S ts, bark 

C:'|ir i fjriy nop warkjncloth, army ie. 

ir^''".,,'"!''^ 'i''"' ■/"'-" ;-■■■'■■=-"•', " 

No. 30G Chrilnur Mrccl, ntnve Tlilnl, PlitLAlUSLPIIU 

noil rJM I r--r "" 



122 (.one; Wliarf, 



UI tbis year's crop, fine and of first quality, put I TT AVISO ereelad a goV.bop, »lrh faellili=. not 
op .a pickneof, oil diti, fiiitablg to the trade, Wto- J J " ''"-"^■^ I- . ■■ -td b r ,.„y i,., U!0 j„ [tyl , Sl;lt „ ( „ r 
Mimi. Pbbe and rera |o p™. moilfaelnrrac -U-ntullural I u ,|.l r! ,i C „r., I l„. k - |„,. ,„ 

The Celefiraled Boston Steel Clipper Plow. 

The Peoria Steel Plon- 

J^T'lMJIiaiclaHjif lieatlo ib, 

UAV I'BESSES-aCTjnl .bc7 
IM. ClTTEK.=_s* Tm i rfln , 
HORi-i; JLIKM ,._■_.. 

gj>_ «. ?; l;S-, 1 ..;„;'SS"" "■ 

tiij- ■-.r.J i!.rl.'--'feV'£?5*''f7 , ?" , * ,a ' lj ' ,B,H l , *ao«l 
Ca^wntcr-j P-i^iwiTn^T^ifllT-, | ^ nI b«rtfoikpK. 

ga VofaS and Bgii*^i'| SSi*" far ' lri, ' T - 

ibEdo7 T1 "'™° n " ,1CT,D "' ll '' 0,lc r |lou n^ 1<o,Do B p , 

^ Field and Garden Seeds 

«Ter J dB f rte^ n , c tofa [,ia D1 a ^Khtiynr l i 8 To«tb(lK7). 

Btem-Engines, 4 to 15 Horse Power. 

F sv.sv5'J ; i ; L Miiisi °"»-»'»j»' 

UIMSG OOODS-anurf,, 

°2Kf A ™ T «™«S. T00LS-P.,, 

Baling Wire-Annealed. 

n»y ltopc-Best Manila, 

^ Starting r l ; rlic,e ror inc, «S G»r. 

SSrSoj^S, fc i, C,b * ,ad W "!™». l'-»S .ad 

for fuller particulars, eee our new CflfBlggue, 

ileb « B [„™i.i, no , T1B to Bl | B|r „ 

Ithor by 

03- AU onJen.tcot 
ompialed-by the cub, 
Trccieanfaltj pukod, 

ly part of li 

>. SMTrrr. 

Dr. C. M. JACKSON, Philadelphia, Pa. 

LH-ER comi;,u .';"' ''iVi-.^TY'r"; jaundice, 

™ S D^flyj," i ' t 

i,":, I,,'.,.. ,,',; 

pain In Urn II.-m!" 
n, Tdlan'oa of £ 

Ini In (Jn**n 

lii't 't:'.,:f,':" 

■^ EI,.!, lij 

IMo'f "ul™^, ™" t " 1 '">*-■> b«0« that 1,» .,ood 0,0 

tlpbla. Fa. ™"«™ij. No. 08 Alien STREET 

inlcby all Dru^'^ljtJlnCflllhnnlmEj I I 

fl, .„„. s,„ F ,» nc u c0 , 

A Splendid Bull for Sale 

- ' VEltV too J1URIHM nei,i„ ,„ 

.-wm t, tywj, jJHjjwJJsSC 

Colored Plates of California Fmit. 

"i» irlahe, a be.atiful Frail PiE« S b«e 7 J™" 

a Inloroit of tba jood 



:, .:".:,';.' i :.'- l ; : ;i; ,ii -' il , !, 'i; ! ■■■;" "- 1 . 1 " 11 ■;■• .N»4i,r 

;;'V,- ,r :' ' """i''-'i'''i'^H r.i.t,'-l!';.-;.i"'b!r i e ^r' ! ,V' 
'"■'■'- ir.,„,,„ il , 1 ,., ;i „.i, L | ll , 11l . rt ,._, .i.,,,,,,;,,, 

iiai'rlviniVa" of?' "^ ,lcl " l "l- ,0CIil ' ,| lb ^ "grk-jUmal 
I darim, „nd hire nndar way, tho taaonfoctoring or 

1,1.00 Cast Steel California Plows 



FPKRil'ltlilo' Caa" CVC " *■ 
ELIOW CITt/[-.:.s I li„.,i: v . damme mii «ine« 
r.o 'in" | r b" r * U '"" 1 '" L ' rORTV.SINE.hiro .UN.,-, l',vJ, 

!-' " ' '" '"■' ,r, ",-" r - l " 10f n J"" ">7 iot,.| ,i n «ra thank j 
, ■■:,,.:■■ uri!..l!,: m i,r :,,;,. ,.....- t . , ir ,.| .„,....., .,,|,,,!, L - 

"brou-b '1° '" ''7 Un " IIu " li,e ' 1 ( '' ,n1 -" ,! ' "'- f' 

ii : ■■'• r,- , ....... 1-JrVu™™Iin!Jcd'|iair"™ jo°!iN'l''i,-'= " : " 


■ ......i.n.,,,,,.,,,,-, i.,i, tr ,n„ n mi. r.»i; ,„,.);, i.i-i-.i. 

■■!_. L , rt,re -. t.Ii^.,n,L [i:u. v ,.| ,,„,!„ l!,, (l , r , „,„( 
I.W."|1,'. , ; , .^« J b -i''m' :I! "", , "-: d " 1 ilil " ■■"■■:-- r- -.J ,„. C,, 
',:"■ .'■''"" '■•"< H,.... J -I,. 1 1, n„ .|„ v ,,„,i n„ if ,,!,„,„ 

'"■■ '- ' 1; ' hi'1-.'ior.M.v ■ 1 Im>-,- I,.,,,.., ,..|..,|. „,. 

in- in,- t. ,. ri ,...J u>- l,.j-i n ., :■ |„ i| 10 Albmlic -r.,u-. -„.l 
bgooMgnjed In -M I,,,,!,,,-, f.„ !ic n, 1C i E btoon yoa« 

"^'tokZ,'^' lV l*™*\ »"J Htiitli !«orlo 

;;!;[; ':;,-l-- ,, V^" n f;, t XrVnh rtew ' ;|, ' i '' il1 '' 1 

Bv n.hJr-'^:!'"''™.,?'^'' _ . 



■o any aror norkod bofow 

thi/ooBnlry. lr< 




io., Ac, ic. 

In nd.llllon to ohat I ramoritturo I thill cotuK 

pl«Jm ■),'!Flv° 1 .' lt,,, E nl ! C """ lb0 b "' lnn l"» oi 
bwioto and WHtorn Snt*j, nmnnj-it „bl c b an 

ooo ciisrciiMT>rA.Ti 


l^hor man an, otl, oni [„ , he groQt n(rlcll|lurB] y,,,^ rf 

andTeS^Lr £ ^; u a,r/rhtr^ f ; 

■;■'■■■"■■■'-" ■'v:...r , ,.;:v.;:„;v:';; l ; i -; l ;:.?-,;;,;: 

33 Su TltOS. 000 SHAW, 
V Shop eomor Hart, "BiSt^m^CtlnSi^ 
TS - 7<im SanFranelKo. 

l^ C pSiSi "iflUTOt. w ilMilSata, and of rural alriitfl ninl CluuiluiOa. 
itond ray ^tora rtall bo USE oftho b^L If not TnE 


l'rialoraori-a|git> , | B r n,f^| a bI p™ Lo ^\^ cl °j] , ° [ ^ 
DroE W«*taS STiSI .'3, "ad ritonSto'bu?;^ 

a J .. W'o K«p Op*i, nil Mi-titT 

And ohnrgo no more tor medicines than In tba day tin: 

Wn will fumujh thorn In Indicant rfn-i,™.l™ n ... .1. 

the future, In the dcereaied prlco ofour e ooda. ""' ' 
a) ^° n ""° roectredthoaffonoioifortbo followina- rah 

'.-,l"'i Ml :',', , ;"'™ I '' , "' J ' *""' " D ' IF ' ;,or '" t =oo"T.otlu 
!: ■ I !'," i ! l .",'„^„"''' °'" 1 "'""' t, " lni "' t . wanantcd U 

bo- lol^'rUhVra.and' iC R * 1 -""' tblnl « ■« >ma- 
SS]SnS'Mjlt n T^*" , "" t ^ 

Pi B^ 

5 Ea3 r if fltdiUncinm hj g 


J- L. POr.TlEMUS. 



122 Lone Wliarr, 


!Sta largest Family Grocery Store In (tiis City. 


'W^S 1 *' 1 ''' ™P lon ^<«i our .lock, nnd are now 

. snRPn To , ronltry Raisers. 

\ V : - Nir| ' f ■ '!•■■ I'i -■ -' F..,rl, noenllarto 


.ilS'' 1 ' 1 ? *! '''' '' - ,; " ! Mnellwi for oi 
ncMlnpanylnc aiwh l>oetia EO Price *[. 

FOr.atoby WAItHEN i CO., 

" ' 130 Waahlntton street, San Fraoctass 

'' ; ,' l " 11 "■■.-■rf-n-it ,-f T ■iV.,<,,c, Sj»[ooi,mrd 

ie l-Viii!.- r 'i ' ,,I '"" IK "! "O' 1 .!'"- 1 ^ 1 ' 1'".'itvo- (--..I 




. BotaU FricM «t wmhingt™ * 


Premium Marble Worlta] 

imontf, Ti 


und Grate, 

lo nnJ C.'onloi 
mil Freentan 

II- Ml J 
n- "lib i]i;]'..i 

11,. I Frci,- 

JOUflf A. WOIF, Manufiieturci- 



X E S , i 

ten Stale and Main 


% niiirtiess, Saddles, Bridles, fp, 

f WHIPS, COIiXi^-RS.Tr^ 

and nights bss been blowing fl severe- E»ie, 
companied with squalls of rain. Valuable ti 
have been uprooted, fences blown down, : 
shrubbery prostrated. In Nuuonu Valley, on 
th' ■-uiu'-cs in course of erection opposite 
Methodist Chapel, was pro=lralc-d on Tuesday 
night, unii we hot thai Ihe country re 
Mr. Edtvard Borgcsi 
Soierol o 

"b''c K — 

rnuiait i&oininlred a; 

iricd from tailing, i 

. the gal 

o been de- 

lull] ;j.ijii^, v..iu£ w «. 

s Eicel una John Young 
Kauai for this part on Monday list but Im- 
probably put back, us it would bo in, it, .,!.:■■ I ■■ 
Ihsiu to Uaiur. a»in!Lsuchs?alo. The Ivalam 
was to hove left Lahnina on Tuesday, hot wi 
probably detained f.jr tin' -sun* cause, ^esa 
pet to tiear of 0"risi,liTa),lu 'lining done by thi 
-.-.'-. in .litture-QL parts wf the glands, i." tho crop 
of M,..- L.laiLtcis, and possibly to someoi our smai 
c — tir.u- trait. 

The 0. S. sloop St. Mary's was to sail for thi 
port on the 25th of January. 

The British iti'inur V i > - n had sailed for 
month's cruise (... tl.o windward inlands. 

On the 21st December, 1856, there were i 
port at .Honolulu -17 vesiels, against 25 at t! 
same date this season. 

The French brig of war Alcilii-iJi:. Car.tii 
' '. Honolulu, 22 days frni 

A Co. Tfcc frame tore i 
date foraalaataurOffi 


fj^ kto. lis 




'G°. j. 

by the Caro- 
iegi rig guano; 


j[ the Society Islands. 

The ship John Marshall had ici 
proceed to the caano islands for c 

It is stated that the authorities 
sanction the shipping of Hawaiioi 
line E. Footc, for the purpose of 
the idea having probably gained 

and health of the laborers. 

.A grand regatta, in which oil the shore 1 
participated, took place at Labaina, on CI 
mas day. 

The- Commercial A'li£rr1i-<:r of Jin. 21 strays 
the Messrs. Allen have chartered the fchrKilana 
carry a cargo of sued potatoes to San Fraucbci 

FeO* if"'"'-- Hy the arrival of tho bark , 
Jane and Catharine, from Sydney, dates hate ■ 
received from that city to the 3d December, 
cetvs.eiccpt of a political ot local character, is nn- 
importunt. All branches of trade eic estrflm^ly 
d>:[ire?ii?'l. A new colony baa hctn foniK-d out u! 
the uorltiern : portion of Stw iiuiilh Wulfi, calk-1 
Morclown Bay. The j\,rli.,mi:i,t wn- 
c-n^agwJ in the di='."j;-ioii ol" lk- [.and Bill ; and 
sifi'ir thirteen Tears fpi.-nt hj tlie L'olouijl L'.'j*if- 
Intore in otlca)),!^ to <levi.; t fomo pruj^r ini.-tliod 
for Ji;p'i.-in^ ul the public laud}, they have not yet 
been able to hit upon any. 

The yield ...f tiit niii.L, still c-ntir,' 

The exports from New Soath'Wob 
amonnted to SfJO, and the imports Id SL)7 for tjdi 
inliabitaut. on uu average. The value of the im- 
ports WES S2T.fli)l|.(!IMI; ..ftlif ■:-'... irf.i'h. (111(1,1)1)11. 

trom January to Uelolier. -I3 : OUO ounces of gold 
were shipped from Sydney. 

Cant, fehurinan. i.f the ivliiilincr burl; Pacific, 

fiom New Bedford, bail a ,l--li, ration L-.Tor- 
a mogistrate. in N'.iv Sialand, lliai his ship was 
lost; but th. ; Hol.aitToi,-!, Adv.rli^r says, the 
vc-sel buil btcii in tba.t port 8nUtr|nciit to tlit date 
Of ibe declaration. ThM.'l.ikaa i.ri-iir.iiji.L- oarali 
Ann was vrrti-Ud on .,!,.; of tlw Mm, js of the l'aiy- 
malo, and oil on board, fourteen pei 


:go Eiugle and Doable, ani;SuiU of Beams, 

hramatia Simple and Compound Microscop-3. 


.veatora and Bole ManuTactarflrs of '• 

<-nt Anll-Fclclloa Axle Grease 

For Coaches, Wagons, rye. 

Cordage Manufactory. 




ssiisra ja.i>Tr> fubs. 





Qormantown, Philadelphift, Pa. 
gSlnclndes in his business tho cnllection and 
-*— Importation of 

Every Kind of Tree Seeds 

"hat can to ullniot.1 In 11,1, minti, nrELitopo. A Prise 

'uni'Ol '.I "tut 'J''"' llori'lrid .ij.. ■■:.;.■< n-hiili f-ia 
.Hi- t... ...i .'iiiiK -I irkh cortnlntr, li [aood every Jlsy, in 

Jvonco uf tbi fOiW.t. .■( i-lj-i.lci, ', M i., ,iir.,r.] |-Jr- 
hieoni an a|i[.')rniriily l... f.iniar.l Iti-lr .ink-if curly 


Mm! i.f tlii- year ■ cmt" nl '^clJ arc oi.Tton hrin.], nail 

|i„y ..ill ! j.l .'. it,' L..1-.-I--' r-,'i- ■ ■■' '-hi- li !*.■ i ..'-in I .- 

.ilk-.-lcJ Tti-j .iii-i'lv "f I'H.Ut .-I'.KH i-; tlii. 

THo Couconl Grape. 

THE OammiTon n» this K«w Qaar* olTcn 

r ,'['ll,!... , i,,lil- , ,'„>'l,.ll..'.'ll,-r,-l,aloc™M 

S.The Best Grape for Ont-door Culture 





a, lis CLrVT STREET, ; 

I, . K E li X. O O.C3-, 
: A Co, aq/bF^fa :««, 


fFomcrTvo/J. it. Hoc 

TK Cal lias public nt tent 
X rredoomnlcnelbcocd 

D " ,rely * U "sfo"/V Ur w Enlwehj New, 

California Steam Navig ation Company. 

jrKEW WORLD, Copt. 

j. iiu'ioiiiifj.o.i;!. f 

liJk;h t.i.l.i. Cmiii. E. ( 


*t 8 *.«. At 7»J-H. 

lOKTMonri. S ^ *"*■ 

lit li;l.i:.- ftCTTUttS, A;»m. 

Presents for tlic Holidays l 


'Importer of and Wholesale and Eetnil BeaJsr 

Jewelry, and 



Of all Kinds Constantly on Hand, 

No. 125 Montgomery S treat, 

nOOTjf. Jirvili "I I'J '.- I- KI".l.l.OUf; i t'U , ty 

FRIEND i TTttaV.cor.aUniiilSI.Irc. 

l--,.,i;j'l.ll .v".'.i(iiruL-j,^cntiinii. 

OTIS V. SAWYER & 00., 

tboj call the fa 
«weope« »hich: 

i or ErunESTp and 

j anj Slt'l.H.M.-i' 
, ubltct-clum .■uffi- 

v w «m;suw .'. 

TOiptuf o( 30; in 

t'i lie j;':,"!. 

,o Allan 

iM-l.f] t, 

L I N D 9 E Y'S 

Donble Acting Rotary Force Primp, 

THIS i> anon Piuap. lawnl ■ " ' 
l:,r,.|inl-->ii »r„lf..n.'i..itrr 

" deptbl, dlECll,ir,-.;i "n'.ir : 

" n™ llLol/li'iet 1 ™! if™ 1 

..'. IheCALlFUItNI. 

tin.- SidodT llcjd-, nn the 2!jlb of October, and 

Hir William Deniiftti, the Govc-mor-tJeneml, 

v.-'.ii],: n-ilk inj; in bis rurk, wns ni.i'il ,.;d 1,-,' u rc-J 
deer, and woundLil severely in the thigh. 

The Jnce aiid Cutkiriu.: l.rou^lit over a care 
of Ati = traliun plictp, coiijialing of •1(10 ewta nv 

The Putlitiui'.T,! iif Yict'jria vvii jirfiri^UL-d < 
the Slat of November. The Fiencb Bafliorilji 
at New C ale- J i. .iiia fcnl uu (■'pnliiion to i 
ti:'.; !- l .:unl.;,-,.,ii, J i,vijf'im ivtrc ..ttit aa prboui' 
to Tobiti. 

Fifty- sii lli'ni-;,i.ii jriill.-iris of li'jii'ir v.-cr,: it 
T, into Sjdoi:-,-. ,i„,i„^ tin- fingle monlh 
.V'litriiiiur lott, ua Bhowo by the books of the 
l.'ii-lom ll'juii: : iitd b d;r ll,--- u.'jol" i ptijjii- 
lationof but liuli- Ninrt ilmu Imif u million. TLs 
tiiir.ual of rcvuii'ic i.'i'.'.:'.',(il iluriiii- ihij month iTa; 
±s.i";j'l, ut ivhii.-b iiiur-jtlun j_ L: r. . u i : i> v.-:u olltck-d 
on liquors aid wiai-5, aud tut imports «" 
month weretbo Eranllestof iheycar. 

N-« V-rliCily 
-"Hired at lb 

inir W tbo Ei 

.-;-;i ly t..|. 

For Sale by Bradsuaw & Co., 


Isjjs ""dealer, 


No, 140 Horth «ido of 



Hardware, Crockery, Glass nndWoodcnware, 

Agricultural "'|^^^^2 and Mining 

Pioneer Haidwaro rmd Arrricnlrural Emporium; 

300 to 3 DO Enahela per Acre. 
50 ceau p« IOC, or s-l per 1OO0 for Barioe Flinu. 

New HocMIe (orLnvrton) Blackberry Plants, 

doico 512 per huodml V>0 per MO. 

BrinckWs Orange Jlaspberry, 2: 

1 <Sea cut • 

This lion Is rac 

imtly u.-o, „a,l li 

is F*n* 

d for tho 



. Choice Seeds. 

Alfalfa Seed. 

rilNl'.-i: ~h,..l,-:t 1 ..- r ,.n, ■,.,,, Ul,.-,,l ALFALFA S 

Chinese Sngar-cane Seed. 

SroBES roa Utah.— V.'u [cam 
crnuittit hU[,[iliu-j fur L'til, arc to 1 
tho Horn to the Gull if '/alif.jtni 
up the Colorado river. — [Time*. 

hat tbc Gov- 
1 and tbenco 


N 1 :"'::' 

NEW TA1.II-OIIK1A .'IM.'h-KailL-ajbuU. H.-o c 
'■':■■ '■> Af.-I.-..-,.!-:'.!,.,, .-.II,...;,-,, .,..,,-...,„ „,,.,-. 

Sliced Applea. 

Ki-J EALF EBL3. extra aire Elleed Arjilc, ,, BlJ , 

0\J ffOlh. ItLtAllMl.ill ,-,', ,'. n.* r ft* 1 if,. -..;.. .....1 , - 


fncturor and Dcaloriii Eeilf.Kl 

.i'i-.f-,i-,:,i..[ir,v.-,-,.sii.,i \i 
rton.oiid ottrjtblne In tka/q 


Jim'V'' 1 


Tin and Coppcrware, Sunt Iiua, ilardwaie, 


"AI^■Tioat «d^th^^,™ ,tD,,,nlD^C ° , ' , ' lns,P ' ,c ■ 


or. Air-1... 

itryjuaic, Jiibhiiia of 

CS- Wiort Mill, 

Eare Melt 

■\T,ri: hni-i r«..-lv.J « i.t.- fvk,;, 
\> ON .nit UUCUMBEIt irlil 

d Cnonmber Geod, 

. Sngar Beet 

AFIKE Invoice t 
Md'fer nlo at , 


The Loonardi Cauliflower. 

'''■-"■■i- '■■■"' V'm:!]! 1 ;;:!;;.::;;;;. 11 ;;:.'';;;;; ,';'., ',.?"; 

l.-r puuml p«;ti S i, L. ». U'Aimh.1 i CO., 



^ B J ft.l>TTiEITli3i 

Reoeii-e Sik, ial am, D E foanfl. 

''■■>■ id. in-),, .1 i'. i,-. , i-„i- gdm Dmi. 

llako od.Bneei en GOLD DUST record, tor Aaaj t 

Coinage at the United-Staler Mlat 


Attend to Collictiiinj; and Trauact a General Daakio 


13- Ho Emlem Ek)|"1H Dn«i rt-H 

TVllES you visit tho Str.tes, remumber ■' Oak 
TJoll," tbo Pionoor Clothing Houso, established 
in Boston. Mass., in 1841, where you will find 
every nrtiolo of Clothing and Purniahing Goods 
{on the ono pnec- system}, necessary to cam- 
ploto a getitoel dress, for tho dome-stio circle, 
tho drawing room, or the churob. Tho etoek is 
Juily rcjiloui-liid with guodii mauiit'ucturcd for 
tho Wholesale and Retail trade, and offers great 
inOu cements to purobnsers. 

N03. 26, 30, 

2, 34, 3S and 38, North street, 
BOSTON, Mass. v7-14 ly 

.m i- 1 Block, Clay street, 

Broom- Corn Wanted. 

il-CORK will be parch 

0-ft.I.iyoK.KriA. FASMEH. 
List of Agents. 

RoptUlor at tbo Po.t-olBco, nod the inonajnil] M mo dlict 

E&thttlltr, Farlr, ttU rectlrr Stbicrlptlaat. 
ben can almij, i ona Clubt »nd trOMnut 6J 

L..|ir,-jf... oritlll, |.it(.m:1 .ifctjoj Mall. 

i.Lj.-r^l ,,. ,.-!.. I,i j,_, [.,cunrl[iu"ll,-ii '„!'"''! I'ti'i" 
l!',:m.n,l,-nl,,-lr p.,|-- £ j ,|i, c „ n[ l,,u-.l, I'ut'li-ln.lJ 
■ !•'■' li-l rli- ,,, [ill i.Hi-ri,,,^--- „r,' Jinld. 

y .eule tLclr buT,"d s°v» no^ci u Sjcm tfrnw 
Ibori remove la other plaeot witkaat lolarmlaj 
ra? 1BI d'jniiit t' uk antnerc* 

'„' 'l',"."." ".. l'-* ",-":.'.'.";- r - l - ". =''-'.'. ^ ■" ■ r"." 1 I -'-\ '.]«:=': L. u r/.- 's . ! I ■ J 


T.'SaUou o'lSlt * 

S n & Si3!»»ino 


Jjje California |anntr 

Oopbeis, Hobbies and Squirrels.— No. 3. 
Editors Farmer : T made up my mind that 
I hud made an important discovery in regard to 
the best way of gulling quit of the obnoxious 
Squirrels, namely, by means of Oats, nnd was 
punling my self about the strangeness of the same 
theory oerer lining occurred to anyone before. 
Th»l was my first idea ; my second, to write in 
essay on the subject for the Agricultural Society 
(■'accompanied by aet'ui experiments!"). But 
here wis a difficulty on which 1*1 no. calcu- 
lated. The testimony which I couM produce 
was merely presumptive evidence I was afraid 
it would be impossible lo train'Hli 'odo Other- 
wise than follow their own sweet wills as volun- 
teers. Tomilrc them artificial hunters seemed 
impossible. What unuld the5ocielysoy in such 
Ocase? Would they undertake to out mo op 
■boot it— cats, essay, and all ? or would they 
Ireat my disposition lo -arte them with becoming 
courtesy? Might ihcy not be ready to admit, 
that it mattered little how essays were written, 
provided they contained correct and useful Infor- 
mation, and thnt it must be a poor essay not lo 
be worth the small premium which they had seen 
fll to offer 7 
- Thought I, I will be ruled by circumstances. 
So I took a turn towards the village, for the pur- 
pose of ascertaining Ihc opinion of somo of my 
learned acquaintances there, several of whom hsi 
got more good sense under their rugged beave; 
than (be head of many a silly fop has brains I 
contain. The Cm person I concluded to cunsu 
was my friend Mr. Rogers. Mr. Rogers is 
Sensible and sententious man. So I briefly pi 
the question lo him: "Mr. Rogers, can yon tt 
me any means by which the country can I 
cleared of Squirrels and Gophers t" "Cats; 
says Mr. EtigerB. "Cats 7" said I, pretending I 

have been as difficult of solution as tho drowr 
of the poor Ophelia, which so puzzled the sap 
grave-diggers in Ilamlct. With them, tbtrqi 
tion of her dealh being a suicide was made tc 
pend on whether tho water came to her, or 
went (o tbo water. Hero, it might ha 
asked, with equal propriety, who made the experi- 
ments? It was evidently the Cat. Then to the 
Cat the premium was due. Against this ruling 
th'o ohjection arose, that the Cat bad not written 
tho essay. Ondcr the circumstances, I camo to 
the conclusion thnt the Society would feel con' 
strained to retain tho premium ; and, consequently, 
I did not compete upon the subject. 

But, although I did not writo, for tho Society, 
on what, after all, is to man; a serious matter, 
I made up my mind to lay my convictions before 


u n[ n 

nilh i 

. Rogers 

you mo 

igers was 

ot joking 

llQ'l -.'■■" 


-thwiih CO 



; be joking." 

Mr. Rogers, if I mistake not, was the Qrst ma 
Who owned a cat in Millenon ; and from the 
till now no one has bod a more useful, or a boltci 
bred. FromMr.llogers'stalemeoU.corroborate 
by my own previous observations, I have come t 
tho conclusion that at an early stage of its life ihe 
Cat prefer; a mind diet— partly flesh, and pari ly 
its mother's milk. Al least, lbcir mothers prefer 
to feed Ihem in Ibis way. Such was the case 
with Mr. Rogers Cat, and such had hcon thecaso 
with mine. Till Mr. Roger*' Cat bad kittens, he 
did not observe anything very particular about 
her; but wmetirac afterwards, when the young 
kittens nere be E lnnitig to run about, and (ho 
email household vermin on which she bad, been 
occasionally feeding ihem were getting exhausted, 

1 gr L ;,'...i 


were apparently any quantity of Gophers in the 
nelghboihoe-d ; and it struck Mrs. Puss, that to 
eke oot the decreasing supply of mice, she might 
with much propriety direct her attention to their 
opturc. From Ihe. frequent visits which she paid 
to those places where they were most thickly 
congregate,], it was evident that soma overt act on 
bcr part might bo anticipated. Tho supposition 
was correct. No sooner had she colL-ci.-] v.iii- 
ment information on the subject than her plans 
were carried iota effect. One morning, Mr Ro-crs 
«™.a four of the largest Gophers ho bad ever 

a, brought with n 

er young ones, lying dead beside 
iftei day, or rather night after night 
nings ihat he found them), 

{for St w: 

■ha successfully carried on her labor of loi 

Dnrem-'"^ lh "" WTUl lhe " me & ™i' w W> 
MMtehlai*" 1 ™' ° 3 long M an ? G °P n " s 
■ lrll6C1 lhe G °pWs become so reduced In num- 
bers that the catching of them involved more 
trouble than the ril ue0 [ Ihdr q m]| Mf ... , "? 
wouldjiislify,shce "' 

Ing racully n i(h Sqt 

1 Mr. Rogers had the 
"r ^repeatedly carrying 

than 1 may havejumped at in tho first 
■ t I have been at some paios, by consulting 
tho works of naturalists, to ascertain tho history 
of the Cat, and its peculiarities and habits in a 
stale of nature ; from which J infer, without any 
hesitation, lhat it is fully equal to tho duty for 
I propose to employ it. "Tho Cat {fetit 
calm)," soys ono, ''belongs lo Ihe same class of 
imals as theliou and tiger. Tho genus con 
scs twenty-one species. Though originally 
ii-'y of the wild-cat it is now domesticate, 
e domestic Cat, when suflered to retire, easily 
urns to a wild state. The flesh of animals or 
i is the most agreeable food to Cats ; for they 
take of vegetable aliment Only from necessity." 
The two reels, that Cats easily return lo a state 
lolnre, and that flesh is their natural food, when 
en in connection with tho. direct testimony 
ich I have adduced, seem to me quite sulfide: 
convince any one that they may be mado useful 
allies in oor warfare agaiust Squirrels and Gopht 
The Cat, it is true, has some peculiarities which 
idicuto some little difficulty in fonuding a colouy 
"semi-wild Cats. They havo a great ottachmct 
to places, much greater indeed Ihuu to persons, i 
for each other. In these respects the Cut forms 
singular contrast to the Dog. Tt would be vain 
Ihi-rtf.ire t,i iiikui]'! rtnioviii:> (ull-grown 
the fields, as it is nut unlikely thot they would be 
homo before us. They must be removed while 
they are yet kittens; and properly housed, fed, and 
fastened up, till they are ut leiist half-grown. At 
thst stage, they might, 1 think, have tbo doors of 
their cages left open, and be only half-fed. 
will soon leach them to supply tbo deficiency of 
their nsunl rutioas by their own exertions : nnd 
after two months more I would not feed them at all. 
The location to which I would remove them 
would be some sheltered ravine, where there are 
trees to ntlract birds, so that they might not bo 
enlirelj confined to one kind or diet ; and where 
there is a small stream, or pools of water, as the 
Cat, in consequence of swallowing its food without 
much chewing, reqqires to drink plentifully. 

As tho Oat goes with young fifty-Eye days, and 
averages from four to six kittens at a birib, it 

to n large number ; unJ u single pair in the course 
of a year would kill a large number of Squirrels. 
Squirrels, it is true, increase in about the same 
tbat Cuts do ; bat us a single Cat would bo 
likely to kill at least a hundred Squirrels a year, 
iad principally to depend on them for 
subsistence, it is ubundautly evident that, they 
would soon be exterminated. Besides, tho 
gray Squirrel is migiutury, often leavin| 
greuodiiwithoutauyappnieiilreason. Wbcrcitwas 

:ly watched by such a dangerous opponeat, 
the Cat would prove, there is no doubt it would 
iy {on the ground of its well-known 
vagrant habits) from iulelligible motives. 

a. feu\ i ass. 

from town 

town in our golden land, if tho village church and 
village schoolhouso are neat and well-cared for, 
wo feel Ihcre is permanency for tbo place. Where 
they arc neglected and out of repair, it is not ki 
lo tarry long. In a country like California, whi 
"the earth Is full of His glory," the minister 
God need not look long or study bard to fini 
teat, for open books in every field, bud, a 
blossom are like open Bibles, and wo feel that 
those who cannot find texts there, those 
cannot see much of the prophesy of old rovealcd 
10 U5 ';; lll!s I»nd, are not among those "who art 

We love a simple and beautiful church in tin 
country, nnd hope to sea a better taste prevailing 
ippropriale places and do 

teir sacred objec 

keeping i 

Prom a Subscriber In tho Country. 

BnrroHS F agues : Yon will pleaso to cscn 
tho request I make. I havo just read in your paper 
"a special gift to subscribers," and tbat they will 
■--! sent by mail, if requested. 

I shall feel exceedingly obliged if yon will send 

; a parcel of Flower Seeds. I am not only fond 
of a Garden, bnt I love to work, plant, and watch 
the little germ placed in tho earth, to come forth a 
beautiful flower or shrub. I am anxious to have 
as much of variety in my garden as ! can get, and 
f you will supply me with lhe above, or any other, 
;f convenient, it will afford mc pleasure. 

Wo are not doing much as regards improvement 
ihisFpriog, owing, alas, lo the unsettled state of 
Ibu title to laud. I on ulmost discouraged al the 
prospect before tr ' 

Sugar-conr, for our milch cows. We tried a few 
hills the last season, und find all kinds of stock are 
very fond of it. We have left n few hills, to see if 
it will sprout from the roots. It keeps green, nnd 
grow fast until the middle of November ; at that 
time we had a severe frost, that cut it down. 

"We shall sow a small piece, brood cast, for an 
cipe ri meat. Will let yon know tho result. Will 
you pleaso send mo a small parcel of those French 
Radish seed; Breakfast Radish, you call them! 
Will commence making Butler soon, and will scad 
you bcbo, lo try on some of that Bread yon speak 
ubout. Do not forget to let mc know about tho 
Blackberry, as soon us possible." 

Tours, E. N. 


paymj o 

Salt for Quim 

Tut Quince Tree seems 

tionul fundaasa for Salt. V 

iys the Horticulturist, such superb specimens 

of fruit, nnd such a general luxuriance of tbo 

trees, as at Newport, It. I., on tho sea coast. A 

gentleman who noticed this fact several years 

told _ua lately that ho had profited by tbu 

la giving to each uf his Irocs a top.dress- 

Jf two quart:- ..f c„,,ri,j s!l |[ ,. v ,. rj ....H,,,.. 

U} ■■'.■..u,-rii, s the salt over tbo surface it flii. 

""^ '•'■■•■■■ly, .in,] il„,„ „., |„ 1Tm v,h i ,t.-v„r ,„ lh „ 

ore health. * g ° nad fluIt mQ0,, 

d to furnish her thri' 

tome Squirrels bigger" lhan herself 

The case is established. But the propriety of 
the Agneul.ural Society awarding a premium for 
was a question involving much doubt, and one on 
*hfch they might not have been prepared to fur 
"alt "y report, even y«L U would, apparently, 

erection of lh. 
Ethan Allun, p 

1 Etuak Allek. — Messrs. 
■y : of Burlington, Vt.. who 
■lanu.-v for supunn tending the 

i" lor by tbo Ver. 
a circular saying 

mt Lo( 
tying tlmt the 

from all patriotic Vcrmonters ft 
expanse of plu 

tho purpose of defray 

upon the topof tbo monument a colossal" stt 

"I Uii-, iii «r.'inilf ...r ini.riile. 'J |,,-. T , U , M|] 
>'i'.ui. ■■.■! i u-Il i, n Tuscan cilomn ..f ,-,,,„., 
tw.n-11 f„rly a ,„] lift-,- |«.,.i |,i s |,, is ,° (lri C(Jln 
pleltd, and it j a proposed to luy tbo enmer 
the lOih day of May next, being tho 
i.-""irj- of tho suxpriao and 

money for a eloiro, working hard for 
expending over seven thousand dollars towards 
improving and making the land profitable ; always 
intending ihis for a permanent home, und ph 
quiet rest, uguinal the lime of old age, with the idea 
of it becoming Government land : then comes a 
claimant, patent given by Government, not only 
asking an enoimous price per acre, hut a notice ol 
ejectment, with soil for ten thousand dollars dam- 
ages. What damage can bo dooo to the claimant, 
when so much has been done to improve the estate 
is more than I can tall. But with sorrow I write 
lhat we livo nt n time when men come wilh impu- 
nity, overstep fie bounds of propriety, and remove 
the original land mark. 

These are great trials lo tho setller, und a 
great cause why so little has been done in this 
-illoy. But we live in hopes that tho day is at 

hand, when 

n will " 

, beneath Is o 1 

vine und Eg tree," and enjoy the fruit of his own 
I am heartily glad that your valuable paper 

I'll.'.. .1 - :,l:a„! „„ the right BJdoof this lljinjr. Mav 

■■•■■■ l '/ ""' haK'ii.-.,, mot with iU duo reward, 
is tue earntsi wish of your subscriber, 

H. B. 8. 

Bitroct of n Lnttor from Nnpa 
Tur. ihuuks of our friend for tho facts from Napa 
county; they ore valuable. This is one of lhe 
great Uraiu-growing districts. It has told, and 
will tell again, when speculators try the market 
For tbo kind offer made of lhat Butter wo are 
trnly thankful. Editors are always glad to know 
that their bread i, buttered, nnd wo should not 
object to havo It buttered on both, tida Wo 
tho f/ua % f tb, Dat(JJr promU[1 | p QD[l , he 
very thought of it makes our mouth water cow 
The Bread shall ho ready 1 

■ r "' ,tLa "win, r*. isth. iws. 
o ore havmg fine weather for tho growing 
crops. The majority of onr farmers havo got their 
crops in. The grain that was sowed early is up, 
and growing finely, and bids fuir fat a splendid 
crop next harvest. From present appearances, I 
do not think there ia much danger of starvation In 
this Stale this season. 
"We shall pot to about Ave ncies ot Chinese- 

red tho following loiter from One 
of our kind subscribers and correspondents, and 
like all who feel that tho approbation of thegood 
!s worth preserving, wo place this most 
and valuable letter in our columns as the best 
means of preserving It as a record that shall 
stimulalo us lo greater exertions: 

Messrs'. Eoitorb r Although tho Farmei 

seldom finds its way so far up in tha mountain 

as here, yet it meets with a hearty welcome when 

ever it docs como, and is tho best paper in thi 

State for family reading, for its i nlcl lec tual feist 

ipread before us, without the addition of those 

spicy condiments or scandal, murder. 4:e., which 

ily create a hankering in the mind for unnatural 

food, but is sot out with tempting, healthful 

unds, well calculated lo improve our morals 

d uur health. 

Another superiority it possesses, is its large, 
beautiful type, which makes it so pleasant to read 
of an evening; for Ibo small type wilh which 
most nDWspapers are printed, is calculated to 
injure tha eyes of the too constant reader, par- 
ticularly those of old people. 

It may perhaps bo as well lhat yourpapor does 
not coma any oftcner, for I fear it would make 
half lhe miners turn farmers; and some who 
onco were sailors, think they would like to try 
iheir hand at Tarniing, notwithstanding "Wash's" 
recent and rather discou raging Idler to Iho con- 
trary. Wo will try and send you a list of sub- 
scribers in Ibo spring when (he trails are open, 
till then, Adieu. J, W. Mehidith. 

Coloring Matter In our Hattvo Ornpoa. 
Tbo grape should produce its own coloring 
ithoul any admixture, which is tho case wilh 
1 pure, high-colored foreign wines. 
During Iho lest fall, while tbegrapo was ripen- 
ing, wo accidentally stumbled on a fact, which 
somo one's hands, prove of use, in color- 
ing or rather producing a colored wine-. Wtfhad 
a protly good crop of Isabellas, Caluwbis, and 
Alexander or Schuylkill's in our garden, and as 
the latter variety ripened, tho fruit was stewed 
with a small quantity of sugar, and used as sauco 
nt Iho table. iFo were truly surprised to observe, 
lhat the juice, which was very abundant, was of 

'-■•}. ml t-.j'Jy with tho best Port wine, and 

colored. We tried tho same experiment i. ill. tin 
Isabella, when it ripened, and with 'the like re 
suit. Tho proceis was a simple ono. A quart of 
grapes was put into a brass sloivpan, a quarter of 
» pound of sugar added, half a leacopful of wnlor 
and left to slew from flvo to tea minutes. Ali 
the juice is (bus extracted, and tho coloring mat- 
ter coninincd in the akin is sot free. Iti this con- 
dition the juico is to Our lasto deliciuus. When 
tho Catawba ripened, we pressed about two bushels 
of them, and added to their juice, sufficient juice 
of the Isabella, prepared as ahovo, to color the 
wholo of a rich hue. About three pints of tho 
latter was sufficient ; and wo went into tho pro- 
of w.oe-mak,ng ln a small way. Fermenta- 
took placo in duo time, nnd wo have now a 
beautifully colored wine loo now of course to 
ength. What It will ulllmitwKbe, li'tno 
arinino. Tbo slewing has ddL however 
ifl any disagreeable flavor or effect upon it. Wo 

J untie si to Calif omlo. 
Truth is mighty I Justice, though slow, ia sore I 
For ycara the press at tha East havo hesitated to 
do Justice (o California, or to herald her good 
deeds, or make known tho glorious condition of 
her resources ; but such manifests lions of her 
prosperity aa havo been shown lately, by the car- 
goes of her productions sent thither, and tho vast 
amount or gold sent to Iho poor nnd distressed la 
their time of need, compels even the New York 
Herald to awake and proclaim the worth of Cali- 
fornia to the Onion. 

Wo rejoice at this evidence of lhe triumph of 
justice, and we need only to call the attention of 
our readers to the editorial of tho Herald which 
we publish below, and they will seo there tbat 
the Herald admits the very truths which have 
been again and again spoken, for years, ns tho 
Future of California. What wo predicted, 
years since, is now ndraitled, and wo commend 
tho following to all who regard the welfare of oor 

Prosperity that is vot Artificial— California 
Entering upon Her Really Golden Days. — In 
tha midst of tha gloom which our financial dis- 
asters have cast over tbo greater portion of tho 
Union, there is ono ray or light breaking upon us 
from a quarter in which it wus least lo bo es- 
pected. While tho storm has Bwept relentlessly 
over most of our uthcr Slates, Califurnia seems to 
havo been almost entirely exempted from its 
effects. Its general condition, in fuel, has never 
been mote substantially prosperous and flourish- 
ing lhan at the present moment. Whilst it has 
sympathized In tho commercial embarrassments 
that havo overtaken us only to the extent of some 
half dozen failures n( leading houses, it presents 
rciolly, socially, and politically, oil iho 
eh of a steady progress. Tho political 
lion thnt it underwent through tho agency 
of Ibo Vigilance Committee seems to have oaer- 
lised a healthy influence over all (he other (ea- 
,urcs of its condition. The elemeuis of disturb- 
ince and disorganization which created so much 
ilarm in timid minds a few months ago, havo 
gradually settled down into a state of apparent 
quiescence and contentment. The administration 
public affairs is no lunger marked by tho 
>wed' corruption and rascality lhal formerly 
invaded every department. Wo hear no more 
complaints of tbo dishonesty of public officers, or 
of malversations of lhe public funds. The crim- 
inal statistics of the State also eshibit a marked 
improvement — lhe number of murders and acts of 
violence being considerably less than at any 
former period. In fact, judging from the evidence 
afforded by the newspapers alone, we should say 
that tho condition of San Franci.-co nnd Sacra- 
mento ts in this loiter respect relatively much 
better than tbat of Hew York. 

Whilst wo notice these, politi;nl and social 
ameliorations in tbo condition of California, it 
gives us pleasure to add that the material pro- 
gress of tho Stale folly keeps pace with them. 
Taught hy experience, the Cahlormans bare ar- 
rived al the conviction that gold is not Ihe real 
basis of tho wealth of a comru.inity, and tbat the 
bat is bestowed on Agriculture is in- 
finitely more productive, in the lung run, than 
that devoted lo tho slow and painful process or 
_ Accordingly we And that tho quantity 
of grain raited during Iho past year is nearly 
double that grown during tho previous one and 
"—■j is no doubt that in tho course of a littlo 
California will become almost os noted as a 
exporting country as il now is for its metal- 
lic products. And in this latter respect it is 
qually satisfactory for us to learn that the in- 
reased attention devolcd to ogricultural and in- 
dustrial operations has in no way affected tho 
ofthe precious metals. If wo are justified 
ing on estimate of tbo produce of gold for 
:t eleven months, by tho oxecssof the first 
arrival in January over that of the corresponding 
potiod last year, wo should soy thot It will bo 
considerably in advance of il— tho diffcrec-eo bu- 

tt tho 

■ ut!>,; 

i not knov 

hint will 
leave it in tho hoods of 
may improve iho suggestion, by In- 

An unniislakenblo evidence of the growing in- 
ternol prosperity of the State is to be found in 
the Statement that, while lhe produce of gold is 
Increasing at this ratio tho amount retained for 
domestic uses is relatively much larger than it 
has over been before. Tbls proves, of course, an 
augmented activity In all the branches of indus- 
trial and commercial operations, as well as a 
healthy condition of things generally. When wo 
take, in connection wilh such fac'ts, tho rapid 
multiplication of Iho facilities of internal com- 
munication, ns shown hv the Postmaster General's 
report, wo cannot but arrive at the conclusion 
tha! - alil.-.rma is at last entering upon a career 
substantial snd permanent prosperity. 
Stitob ! Srrron!! Stitch!!!— Wo spent a 
w moments very pleasantly in the rooms on 
oacramsnto street, in examining tho very elegant 
sewing machines of Messrs. Hoyden & Co., now 
in operation there under tho direction of Mrs. S. 
E. Smith, where, without tho everlasting toil of 
"siitch ! stitch I stitch »' 

nd scam," tho operator is placed' b„.„.„ ,. ... , t 
and pretty machine, as o lady would bo placed 
before a piano, and tbo work is completed i D ft 
brief space of lime. These machines of Me^ri 
Haydcn & Co. are worthy a special visit, and no 
ono can more agreeably explain them than tho 
lady who presides over this genleel place of in- 
dustry and usefulness. 

Tito Fwutt Packer.— Much has been said 

id much is expected from tho now Flour Packer 

invented by ogerjileman in our oity. It promises' 

great things— a saving of tho size of tho bag, as 

well as spaco whon stored or sent abroad, by its 

| fbrairms* 



California fUUs. 

ICjpJrijIii e«oroi] 

In California and tho World. 


The followingeitraordinsryaccountof drowned 
Locusts, appears in tbo autobiography of James 
Silk Buckingham, who traveled extensively ovc 
the Holy Lsnd and the countries of the Mcdi 
tcrranean Sea, and baa tho character of being 
faithful and careful obsorxer, and is well known 
by his lectures and works on the Holy Land, 
India and the United States: 

Skip Impeded by Dead Locusts — At length 
tho wind shifted lo the southeast, and then to 
the south with a suffocating heat, this being U>° 
Sirocco of Hie Levant; and blotting over tno 
grcatLybiannnd^uniidian deserts, comescoargrt 

with hot and sulphi 

uu me third day after il 

S and when uo ««. Wl up abreast of Sicdy 
but nearer to the African shore, «c were jorori-ed 
one moraine at swing all the headmost vessels of 
,bc fleet ar-Ud in their course by some object 
which impeded the progress of each ship as she 
came up with it. until the entire convoy formed 
en almost straight line- 
looking over the ship's side Ihero 


)D, ■* ■** 

,'~ and T. Na"- 
paul's Church 
a all ootavo of 
, part of oithcr 
Tno book is ono of 
n'American travels, and has 
than Tour editions in Eng- 
h was published in London 

a thick n 

which it 

is sprcad- 

.:- ■'.'_: i with nil 
it appearing to be between the consisktniv 01 en 
and Jar ; or melted better and honey. Buckets 
foil or it were drawn upon deck for inspection 3 
but all we could perceive was that it was some 
animal matter in a state of decay, and emitting a 
most disagree:, hie odor. Sending the buckets 
deeper and tkofv... bo-.rwer, by attaching weights 
to their bottom, so as to bring up some of the 
lower strata, we perceived the legs, wings and 
half putrid bodies of brown locusts in a less ad- 
vanced slate of decomposition than the brown 
oily mass of tho surface-; and wo concluded of 
course, that the whole moss was composed of the 

Desirous of ascertaining thocitent of the space 
occupied by it, 1 went to the forc-top-mast cross- 
trees with a glass, and sweeping the horiion 
ahead and on each side of os, 1 perceived that it 
extended as far as tho eye could reach to the east, 
north and south, which presented one solid and 
unbroken mass of smooth brown snrfaec, while 
to tho west the open sea presented tho deep blue 
which distinguishes the. waters of tho M,.)iLer- 
ranean. The conclusion was, that this vast flight 
of locusts, pissing from Africa 10 Europe, had 
encountered a contrary wind in their passage, 
and had (alien cihaosied into the sea, and were 
there gradually decaying in tho state in which we 
found them. Such flights of locusts have from 
time to lime been recorded in history, as marking 
the devastation everywhere caused by their num- 

In the year 593 a famine was caused in Turkey 
and Persia, by their consumption of tho fruits 
and grain of the fields. In 677 Syria and Meso- 
potamia were overrun by them. In 852 immense 
swannaor Hum took their flight from the eastern 
regions into the west, flying with sach a sound 
that they might be mistaken for birds ; they de- 
stroyed all vegetables, not sparing cither tho bark 
of trees or tho thatch of houtes; and they de- 
voured tho corn so rapidly as lo destroy on 
? itation, ono hundred nnd forty acres in a 
heir daily progress was about twelve miles ; and 
their movements appear to have been regutaUd 
by /rings or leaden, who flew Drst and settled on 
the spot which was lo be visited the neit day at 
the same hour by the wbolo legion, their 
ments always commencing at snnriso. 

After traversing the continent or Eorope they 

thrown buck en the shores, they caused 
ful pestilence by tbeir putrid cation. In 1271 all 
the cornfields around Milan were destroyed by 
locusts ; in 1330 all those of Lambardy ; and in 
1541 such incrcdihle hosts of them afflicted Wal- 
lacbia and Moldavia, that they darkened the sun 
by their numbers, and ravaged all tho fruits of 
the earth. 

An old American settler who resided for ten 
years near the bay of San Francisco, informs us 
that in the summer of 1833, the sowings and 
gardens of tho missions and ran choi thereaway, 
were nearly destroyed from tho ravages of the 
Grasshopper. In July I84G, a friend of ours, 
living in Monterey, was personally cognizant of 
a field of eight or nine acres on iho Salinas Plains, 
planted in corn, frijoles, etc., being completely 
consumed to the ground in a single day. The 
appearance of tho Geld afterwards was as if it 
had been blackened and killed by heavy frost. 

Tho following eslrset from a Texas paper will 
■how, that these animals mada their appearance 
in that State and ours at simultaneous periods 

Grasshoppers are beginning to bo troublesome 
in this vicinity. Wo hear some of nur farmers 
complainiug a great deal of Iheir depredations. 
Some of the wheat that has been lately Sown is 
completely destroyed, and the fields will have to 
bo replanled, A heavy norther would rid us of 
these injects.- [Dallas Gazette, Nov. 20, 1855. 
Mohteeey, October 12, 1857.— The followi 
curious oeeoont, from Gogoa West indies, 
pages 3(18-00, will show tho efleclsor a visitation 
of tho Locostic in the parishi 
nola, and other parts of tho uplands of Guate- 
mala, In tho year 1632. The tilleof this rare old 
book, tho English editions of which are now 
scarce, is as follows: "A Now Survoy or the 
West Indies : belog a journal of three thousand 
and three hundred miles within tho main land of 
America, by Thomas Gage, tho only Protestant 
that was ever, known to havo traveled lho< 
parts: setting forth his voyage from Spain | 
San Juan do Ulloa; and thence to Xalapa, Tlax- 
calla, the city of Angels, and Moiico : with a de- 
scription of that groat city, as in former times 
and at present; likewise his journey Ihcnco 
through Cusiaci, Cbiapa, Guatamala, Vera Put, 
&c.: with bin abode xli. years Bbont Guatamala; 
his wonderful conversion and 'calling to his native 
■ough Nicaragua and 
a,PorWBollo, Carta- 
gena nnd Havana, with an account of tho Spanish 
navigation thither; their government, castles, 
ports, commodities, religion, Priests and Friers, 
negros, mulattos, Mestisos, Indians ; and of thcli 
feasts and solemnities : with a Grammar, or somi 

Costa Itlco to Nic< 

few rudiments of tho Indian tonguo called Pon- 

conchi orPoncoman. Tho fourth edition, enlarged 

by tho author, with an accurate map, 

printed by M. Oiark, for J. Nicholson^ ti^O* 

King's Arms in Little Britat 

borough; at Iho Golden Ball in 

yard, 1003." Tho work Is in 

477 pages. Tho map contains 

Lower or Upper Californir "" 

the most celebrated 

gone tbroogh no les 

lish, the first of whi 

in 1643 ; four editions in French One ,u German 

and ono in Dutch, all prior lo 1700.— ^ ido lor- 

naui Cowpac,s, Biblio thiqua American ante 1700. 

Paris 1837. An edition seems also to havo been 

published in Meiico, in Spanish, by A. Masse, 

about 1840: 

Tn tho meantime I lived full five years {as 
parish pricstjin tho two towns of Mixco and 
Pinola j where I had more occasion to get wealth 
and money than any who lived there before mo ; 
for tho first of my abiding there it pleased God 
3 send ono of tho plagues of Egypt to that coun- 
-y, which was of Locusts, which I had nover seen 
ill then. They were after the manner of our 
Grasshoppers, hut somewhat bigger, which did 
fly about in number so thick and infinite that 
they did truly cover tho face of tho sun, nnd hin- 
der tho shining forth of tho beams of that bright 
planet Whore they lighted, either upon trees or 
;tanding corn, Ihero nothing was expected hut 
•uin, destruction, and barrenness ; for Iho corn 
tbey devoured, tho fruits of trees they ate and 
ied and hung so thick upon the branches 
th their weight thoy tore them from Ibo 
body. Tho highways were so covered with them 
that they startled tho traveling mules with their 
fluttering about their head and feet : my eyes 
often struck with their wings, as I rode along, 
and much ado I had to see my way; what with 
ro, wherewith I wis fain to cover my face, 
what with tho flight of them which wcro still be- 
fore my eyes. The farmers towards tho south 
cried out, for that their Indigo, which 
iu grass, was liko to bo eaten up ; from 
tha Ingenios oi sugar, the like moan was made, 
,t tho young and tender sugar-canes would bo 
itroyed ; but, above all, grievous was tho cry of 
tho husbandmen of tbo valley where I lived, 

feared that their corn would in ono night 
swallowed np by that devouring legion. 

1 caro of the Magistrate was, that the towns 
of Indians should all go out into the Gelds with 
trumpets, and what other instruments they had, to 

1 noise, and to affright them from those 
which are most considerable and profitable 
commonwealth ; and strange it was to see 
how tho loud noise of tho Indians, and sounding 
of the trumpets, defended somo fields from tho 
fear and danger of them. Where they lighted, in 
tbo mountains end highways, there they left be- 
hind Ihem their young ones, which wcro found 
creeping upon the ground, ready Lo threaten such 
a second year's plague, if not prevented ; where- 
fore all tho towns were called, with spades, mat- 
locks, and shovels, to dig long trenches and therein 
to bury all the young ones. Thus, with much 
trouble to tho poor Indians, and their great pains 
(yet after much huit and loss in many places), 
was that flying pestilence chased away out of the 
country to tho south sea, where it was thonghi 
bo consumed by tho ocean, and to havo foun 
grave in the waters, whilst tho young ones found 
it in the land. Yet they wero not all so buried, 
but that shortly somo appeared, which being not 
so many In number as before, were, with the 
former diligence, soon overcome. But whilst all 
this fear was, theso outcries were made by the 
country, and this diligence performed by tho In- 
dians, the priests got well by it ; for, everywhere, 
wcro made, and masses sung, for the 
that plague. In Mixco, most of tho 
idols wero carried lo tho field, especially tho pic- 
■ Lady, and that of St. Nicholas To- 
tal tine, In whoso name the church of Rome doth 
to bless little bread and wafers, with tbo Saint 
stamped upon them ; which thoy think are able 
defend them from agues, plague, pestilence, 
contagion, or any other great nnd imminent dan- 
oxt year, following, all that country 
y infected with a kind of contagious 
sickness, almost as infectious as tho Plague, which 
they call Tabardillo, and was a fever In the very 
inward parts and bowels, which scarce continued 
to tho seventh day, but commonly look them 
away from the world to a grave, the third or flflt 
day. Tho filthy smell and stench which caini 
from those who lay sick of this disease, wo: 
enough to infect tho rest of the house, ond all whi 
came to sea them ; it rotted tbeir very mouth; 
and tongues, and made them as black as a coa 
before thoy died. Very few Spaniards wore in- 
fected with this contagion, but the Indians, gen- 
erally, were taken with it. It was reported to 
havo come from Mexico (tho city) and to have 
spread from town to town, till it camo to Guatn- 
cent on forwards, and so likewise did 
the Loeosts tbo year before, marching as it wero 
from Mexico all over tho country. In Mixco, I 
buried ninety, old and youug, and in Pinola above 
an hundred, which brought unto mo, in lees than 
half a year, an hundred pounds (English) fur 
almost two hundred that died. 

The judgments ceased not tbcro, in that coun- 
try, in my time, but after this contagion Ihero 
was such an inundalionof rain that the husband- 
men feared again tho loan of all their corn ; at 
noontime the dark clouds, for a month together, 
pouring down suebstormy showers, us swept away 
much corn, and many poor cottages of Indians ; 
besides the rain, tho fiery thunderbolts threatened 
a doleful judgment to Iho country, and killing a 
friar besides other people, Tho snmmcr followinc 
(i.e. tho year 1633) there was more than ordi- 
nary earthquakes about Guatamala which dit 
not much more hurt than shako down some mui 

walls, but in tho kingdom of Peru tboy wore so 
great thnt a wholo city, called Truxillo, was swal- 
lowed up by tho earth, which opened itself, and 
almost all tho peoplo were tost whilst thoy were 
at church." 

It seems, therefore, that Grasshoppers and Lo- 
custs are as old in Central America os earthquakes 
nnd volcanoes. At any rule, Iho damage tho Lo- 
cust* committed in Guatamolaand Honduras in 
1855 and 1850, scorns to havo exceeded in amount 
anything Gage has written. 

Clavijero. in his history or Moiico (Cnllen's 
English Translation, 3 vols., Philadelphia, 1804), 
says of tho Locusta of Mexico, that no animal or 
insect in that country "can compare in numbers 
or ravages with the Itoauls, which sometimes 
darkening tho oir, liko thick clouds, lay waste all 
tho vegetation of tho country, as I havo myself 
witnessed in tho year 1738 or 1739, upon tho 
coasts of Xicayan, in Oaxuaca. From Ihis cause, 
a great famine was lately occasioned in tho 
province ofYucaylan; but no country in Ameri- 
ca has boon visited by this dreadful scourgo so 
often as Iho wretched California, as related by 
Father Michael del Barco, who lived thirty years 
in that country as ono of tho Missionaries of our 
Society." This is tho account published in the 
Fahheh of January 23, taken from Clavijero's 
California, and which tho author refers to in his 
Mexican' history. 

Tho Grasshopper, Locnst, or Langosla, Is called, 
by tho Indians of the Valley of Mexico, Chapid- 
fis, and which designation is' tho popular name 
among Mexicans and Californiaus, to this day. 
Tho insect is well known in tho Aztec History of 
Mexico, and gave name to tho Hill of Chapultepcc, 
famous in tho chronicles of tho race of Monteiuma, 
and afterwards in the Acts of Hernnn Cortes, and 
the Spanish Conquest. "Chapultepcc was tho sita 
of tho famous gardens of Montezuma, some of tho 
immoose cypress trecsof which nro still standing. 
Tho buildings erected on this celebrated ridge of 
hills, by the Aztecs, wero afterwards taken-by tbo 
Spaniards, and mako a strong fortiDcation, and 
figure greatly in all accounts of Mexico. Under 
the Republic it was turned into a National Mili- 
tary School, and tbo Hill of Chapultepcc was the 
scene of ono of the hardest-fought battles between 
tbo army of tho United States and tho forces of 


Tho celebrated Egyptologist, Lcpsius, who was 
sent by the government of Prussia to Egypt, in 
1843, to investigate tho geography and monu- 
ments of that ancient land, thus describes a flight 
of Locusts in March of that year, in tho district 
around Sagara: "I had descended into a mummy 
pit with Abcken, that wo might open somo sar- 
cophagi we had discovered, and I was not a little 
astonished, on stepping out, to find myself in an 
actual snowstorm of Locusts, which almost dark- 
ening the sky, moved above our heads in hundreds 
of thousands from the desert iu the southwest, 
towards tho valley. I fancied it was a single 
flight, and in haste called tho others out of tho 
tombs, that they might witness tho Egyptian 
wonder before It had passed away. But the 
flight continued ; indeed, tbo workman said it had 
begun an hour previously. Wo now observed, 
for tbo last time, that tho wholo country, far and 
wide, was covered with Locusts. I sent a servant 
out into tho desert to find out tho breadth of the 
flight. Flo ran for a quarter of an hour, then re- 
turned, saying, that as faros he could see be could 
discover no termination. I rodo homo in the 
Storm of Locusts. They foil down in heaps on the 
border of the fruitful plain, and so it continued 
until tho sixth day ofler my observing them, and 
even longer, but in less numerous flights. The 
day before yesterday a storm of rain seems for 
tho first lime to havo beaten down tho rear guard, 
and destroyed them in the desert. Tho Arabs 
rattle and scream all day, and make great smoking 
fires in their Bclds to protect their crops fri 
invasion. But it will avail them little, 

"These millions ofgraminivorous winged 
cover oven the adjacent sandy plain liko 1 
living vegetation, to such a degree, that scarcely 
anything is to be seen of tho ground ; and, when 
they swarm up from any point, thoy fall dow 
again on whatever is in tho immediate noigliboi 
hood; exhausted by their long journey, in tho 
eagerness they fill their hollow stomachs, and, 11 
!f conscious of their enormous number, thoy ap- 
pear to hovo lost oven all fear of their natural 
enemies— man, animals, smnko, and noise. But 
what is most wonderful to mo is their origin from 
tho naked desert, and tho instinct which has led 
them from somo oasis across tho Inhospitable 
sandy sea lo tho rich pastures of tho Nile valley. 
Tho list limo that this Land ploguo of Egypt ex- 
hibited Itself to a similar extent was above four- 
teen years ago. The people say that it is sent by 
tho comet, which wo have observed in the south- 
west for tho last twelve days, and which now in 
tho hours of evening, since it is no longer out- 
shone by tho moon, again stretches Its magnificent 
tall o fire across the Hcavciis^-Yi.l, 'j, ..,. .,„„. 
lra-,,1: ,o K.j. it, I.l.l.iop,.-,.A,nuia l olo..lH.|:;-! Jl 
pago 08.— Bolin'B London Edition, 1853. 

Aciicuilturs nt the Sandwich. Islands. 

Havinci received from the lotoProsidcnt of tho 

Roynl Hawaiian Agrioulturel Society his Annual 

Address, wo tako great. pi ensure in presenting n 

portion of it, wbtoh wo know will bo of interest. 

By this Eoport our citizens enn seo whnt honnr- 

Mo mention h made of tho Agriculture of Cnt- 

irnin, by tho President nnd orator, J. B. F. 

orshnll, Esq. : 

I know, therefore, of no subject of deeper in- 
rest to us, or moro npproprinte to this oceo- 
_.0n, than "Iho present |ir>«iti>.<n rind prospeols 
of tho Hawaiian Islands," On thin theme I ven- 
ture to submit a few thoughts for your consid- 
eration; although of little valuo in themselves, 
yet if their ospression h"s tin- effect of calling 
your attention mom fully to tho subject, somo 
? : ,i ,<1 r. suit will bo nttained. 
Whnt aro now, and what am lo It, our ohief 
ire** of national prosperity? Whnt means 
dovoloping our resources nro within our 
Tcaoh, nnd aro wo availing ourselves to tho 
lost of those means 7 

'heso are questions of deep signifioaneo to 
who bnvo tho welfare of Huwuii flui'at heart. 
1 wo answer them satis fno torily 1 
*t us look book to tho period of the formo- 
1 of tho Society, and roviow tho history of 
tho past seven years. Have tho bright hopes 
id prospeoLi which animated its founders, been 
alized 7 From tho niroulnr whioh first called 
together this Associution, I quote the following: 
"'For years past, tho agricultural interests of 
jo Islands havo been insignificant, and their 
unprofitable. With an uncertain and 
markot, with liltln or no encouragement 
r facilities given to foreign tillers of tho soil, 
ithout proper knowledge of that soil, or suffi- 
cient capttul to experiment upon its capabilities, 
""t of tho agriiMliiiriil L'Eiti.rprini'S hero have 
uished or utterly failed, and with tho excop- 

of a few sugar and coffeo plantations, the 

proprietors of whioh havo invested loo much 
cnpital to bo able to abandon them without 
heavy loss, nnd which were still struggling on 
with doubtful proapoots, tho wholo nrnouut of 
ltural operations at these Islands, eonsist- 
J10 raising of fruit and vegetables for the 
fleet of whnleships that somi-aunually touched 
here for supplies. 

'Within tho last two years, however, a great 
rii.iil-li-ii c liii lis- ■ liii:- tiiki-n ].lriro in tho pros- 
Is of this group. Tho extension of lbs tor- 
■ry and govern men I of tin.' United Sfalfs tc 
the borders of tho Pacific, tbo wonderful dis- 
vorios in California, nnd tho conequent almost 
Itantanoous creation of a mighty State on 'the 
western front of the American Union,' has, ns 
ith the wand of a magioian, drawn this 
little group into the very foou* of civilization 
' prosperity. Wo find ourselves suddenly 
luuded by intoUigeoU enterprising neigb- 
, who Cull loudly to os to fciaish of uur 
abuudanco, and rec-.>c iu m.ha:igo of theirs. 

:;;:', : 

and si 

Oor fru, 

rolad, nnd tho 

s Kosa, ILm 

— W 

S.H. Atkins, Esq, recently ol 
n.S. V¥. l hiia 1 ui r ci lli -, i i ,i ul ,;,„ ,,,",., 
Xaawuloa, in ihe district of Komi, be 

'!"■ '- ■ : !».-.!..:i;:.!,,|;. Il j, ; . ,1 

finest spot in the district for fanning and grazing 
purposes, a,,,! h.i, ,,,„ ,.,,.,,„„, „„ ■ <; f 

u,rms. Mr. A-!:,,,, L,: , lic „ ;l ,, Ulliur / of tain . 
borough practical egricoUurJil. Bud wo conirru 
brte , the residents of Kuna upon their ncqa&iti 
or a good neighbor and eo-workcr In develop! 
the agruultur, ,.,„„,.., „f ,|„. ir ,„,, „ n J, 
We UDjlewtand Mr. A. i,,,, „,|, i nlToaw .| n 
upon h s pbc... ,.,,,,, ,„!„,,.„ ,, rt ., . of ^^ flr £ 

SrAiBLiBwuLuc-Brace Hushaud, of Amador 

■". ■ cctabli 

(tr ut'uuy on tuo tipui nnoro they 

id. Wo are not even compelled to seek for 

a a market, but clamorous purchasers come 

ur very doors and carry off our supplies with 

'ageroeiis that 1ms cuiismI lis to feoln 

ly ouraelvos ; and wo aro assured that not Only 

for nil those, but IVt any oltu-r pruduots of thi 

iail that wo will raise, a ready Bud increasing 

lemand may bo relied on from our enterprising 


Such wore tho brillinnt hopes nnd prdspocts 
I11..I1 iiriiiiiiil.'d us seven years ugo. Does our 
istory for those toven yourn sh..v.- their rc.ilk'i- 
lion 1 Has our progress during that period been 
ato with our expectations 1 Have 
rni). progress 7 Wo cannot shut our 
eyes to (ho facts. Thoy toll us that while our 
'.vpnrtsi of (K'niestio ].iroduco in ltt50 nmounted 

$380,000, tho average valuo of tho exports, 
or tha six euhsequont years, has been only 
§145,000, or but littlo moro than one-third of 
that amount; that even tho average value of tho 
supplies funiislir<l to v.-lmlii^- mui other vessels, 
is not equnl to that of 1850 ; thnt wo havo not 
exported, in any ono year, so much of our great 
stiiplvrj, mi gar, iiimIil-j<=-) nu.l coffee, as — " " 
theu; that our enffoo plnutntions have 
creased in number, and that several of 01 

estates hnto gono out of cultivation; 

raising of Irish potatoes far export, whioh nt 
that time was so important nnd profitable a 
branch of industry, lias entirely censed, nnd thnt 
tho "clamorous purchasers," who wero then 
somolimes waiting fur -.vpeks. with their ve^M-ls 
for cargoes, and almost fighting priority, 
havo become producers, ami are now boginninir 
toundcTMtl us in uur market ! Rea.7 estate 
has deoreasod in value; our nb-jriginnl i>"pulu- 
tion has hnon decimated, and though th- for.-igii 
element U increasing, it is at so alow u rnto 119 
to bo scarcely perceptible ; and we nro still nl- 
most wholly d.-[>. role ut ['or our means of support 
on tho uncertain bn-inr.* of i'm-ui-hine .,,, ,,,!(, , 
to tho whaling fleet. Let that fleet omit ono of 

. nd almost gonerol bankruptcy 
ivioilij bo iho result. 
Thus, with every variety of soil, with n di- 
lute unsurpuswil. "'ith 11 gtrifriiplitfiil fin-itii.111 
hioh would seem of itself n yunrniiloo ut pros- 
ority, in a country where life mui property aro 
if er than almost anywhere else, ond with nti 
viiliu,-hi-ni d mui lili'i-ul government, whom tho 
resident foreigner enjoys privileges unheard of 
elreivhero, we hove been, ns it were, at a stand, 
dragging out n jircnirinus existence on tbo 
cortain bounty v. Iii.-li il, r ..utm-priso of distant 
lauds brings to our inviting shores. While all 
around us ure the iielitntion- of ivide- spread and 
substivutiu! prosperity. On tho brei.tli of every 

1 1I0 tliTie couioB to our oars tho busy hum of 
m-liihtry unil nrogres.1. During these sov.111 
years, our "eiilvrpri.-iog n..i-l,l„. r s," California 
and Oregon, ]„ L „, ,_„-.„,-„ i,„,, ml^ty nnd pros- 
pen. us .Stiit.-. ami nilvmieoo 1 -villi .'itu.t .tri.l, . 
'" "'"liliio. l ]|i.i l ...l.,iii,n. Their history, though 
ns it were the In story of n ,lnv, is the wonder of 

ho ago. They are not only gol,l-|, r .,.l,i,.ing, 
but thoy art, beginning to take » high rank ■,-.■ 
■■'■' ""■' : ■" -'"'ady Bonding 

,.,, •, - -- -" — 1-iiiiuib of tho globe. 


bj whoso n 

bowling wildornoss trnnoformed into smiling 

Golds and fruitful vineyards. How can wo sua- 

sfully invoke their presence J Without them, 

may almost fold our arms and passively 

/it us examine tho question of labor. Wo 
often told bv persons iiiiU'ir|iiiiinted with tho 
olmrnctor of our native population, that thoro 
f labor with us at present ; 
Ihat until wo have re much more extended culti- 
vation than we nriw linvc, our native population 
is large enough to more than supply the do- 
mnnd. 80 pin-hops ili.-; but it" tho nativeahave 
no desrro to work, nnd (lo nut feel the necessity 
it, of whnt nvail is its presence T From an 
lo report on thin subject, mndo to our Society 
1854. by his present Majesty, I quote tho 
following remarks : 

"It seems to bo generally allowed that 
throughout Ihcse Islands labor is hard to pro- 
cure, and that a good day's wages is by no 
means sure to command n pood day's work. 
Wo nro not here, however, m tho position of 
mnny neiely settled countries, where labor is 
scarce because tho laborers are few, and where 
ovcry uvailnMe unn is oxercised from Monday 
morning till Saturday night. It is on tho fact 
of laboring power being nllowed lo lie dormant, 

of good muscle ln.e. jug il,!.., jj from itiaotion ; 

that wo must briefly ih'peiul for an answer to 
tbo oft-repentcil nu'-siioii, Why is, labor so hard 
to procure 7 Thu Hawuiiuus ure nut naturally 
fond of labor; the natives of hot countries sel- 
dom nre. Thoy road in their Bible that labor 
was imposed 0.1 a our.-n upon ful [en Adam, ond, 
liko other people, when the scriptures coincide 
with their prejnoieea, liny liolieve iu thorn de- 
voutly. Then again, it is only as yesterday that 
forced labor wns abolished, nnd the peoplo aro 
still taking breath, as it were; for to lie coerced 
to do a thing, is to hate it. Then, agnin, there 
nro thoso kalcanas, loo, that have turned our 

present needs, have not tended to enlnrgo the 
cirolo of their wants. It sounds paradoxical, 
but all oar poorer peoplo ore rich, and tbo spot 
of necessity being removed, thoy oro nnluckily 
iosousiblo to that other spur whirh a desire to 
reach somo higher platform ia society woald 

Hating shown tbat wo cannot hope for any 
oltcoslic development of our agricultural re- 
sources, without thu aid uf foreign labor and 
enpitnl, lot us now inquire ioto our jn-fsen/" con- 
dition, nnd whether we connot do something of 
ourselves for its improvement. If we cannot 
keep pace with our moro favored neighbors in 
progress and enterprise, enn wo not at least 
keep Ourselves from retrograding? By avail- 
ing ourselves of the means within our reach, 
caa wo not bring up tho average of our produo- 
tious tn what thoy wcro S"ven yeans ago J Wo 
certainly can do this. Tho picture we havo 
had presented to us of tho general result* of 
iboso seven years, is gloomy nnd disheartening 
nt first sight, but bus it no lightor shades to re- 
lievo its somber coloring? Can wo not, by 
closer scrutiny, discern some pleasing features 
from whioh to drew eousoli.tion for the past and 
bope for the future! 

Wo may well rejoice thnt at least one new 
enterprise has i.enn iiiili.itej f,,y :ho iuorense of 
■nltb, and to take from u "' 

of bar 

I refer 

1 tho it 



the whet 
not have been undertaken. AH honor to tho 
bravo pioneers who, in spite of obstacles, bnvo 
carried forward tills uiibi praiseworthy enter- 
prise to success. Insignificant as this branch 
of industry may cow appear, it is a germ of fu- 
ture national prosperity, nnd us sach should bo 
encouraged and fostered by every friend of 
Hawaii. When tho cultivation of this noblest 
of cereals was first commenced on Maui, its 
failure was confidently predicted. A fair enter- 
prising individuals, however, persevered, and 
what Is tho result? It is now a profitable pur- 
suit, and is extending (o other i, lauds. It is on 
employment suited to tho unlive us well as tho 
foreigner, and is leading the former to habits of 
industry. In the small district oil Maui where 
it is now raised, from twelve to lilteen thousand 
dollars will bo distributed m cash this season for 
its purobaso. Flour of excellent quality is now 
manufactured ut tho Company's mill in this 
plnne. Tho original proprietors of this mill, 
from various causes, wero (..eiipelled lo follow 
tho oxnmpiB of most pioueers— r.nping tha 
honors but not tho rewards of their noble enter- 
prise. Their siicccs-iii- ivlio liuvo entered into 
their labors, have thus f ,r been highly prosper- 


iduoo to tho fou 

ivftM I have shown, taken uu . . . .. 
mo profitable branch of indostry, and 
tout with this, tboy nro now threutoning 
thu cuup-de-grace to onr wnniDg re- 
. by enticing from us tho whaling ileal, 
' —"T almost our solo dependence. 

Tho piotui 

confess, ami yet it l„.Uoovrs ns'to look ,-it'itTw 
and steadily. It m|| I10t nvfli | un t „ Q \ 0<sl , mle 
eyes upon its repulsive features, if wo would 
seek a remedy for tl„, ill, «|,i,.|i tliey represent. 
Lot uh consider what have been tho chief 
obstacles to our progress, ami if the ro nro no 
means of siirinoiiniing tin.,,,,. Fun? most among 
thorn is the absence of labor and oapitnl! 
Labor end capital ! thoso nro tbo potent genii 


oably 1 

t bo long before the 

il production of wheat will render it 
of flour nnd bread unnecessary. 
inly, is umplo Cnuso for ettngrattda- 
lion and hope. 

An examination into the present state of tho 
sugar interest, too. will show a most satisfac- 
tory and ouconruging result. Tho few estates 
now under cultivation, am in aide bands and in 
ti most prosperou: cuudilinn. Their productive- 
ness is being stimulated to n greater extent thon 
ever before, end tiro su;;iir crop of !J.i7 nnd '53 
bids fair to bo tbo largest over produced at the 
Islands. The quality uf the sugar, also, is mooh 
Improved. Several new plantations have been 
commenced, within the post year, on tho Ishmrl 
of Hawaii, by Chinese, ond though on a small 
scale, yot with iron mills uud greatly improved 
ippliarjcea ovor tboao generally used by this 



It bos 

iltivution of coffee has lately been 
oreasefl to some extent, mid it is generally e 
sidored n safo ond htcnitivu busino 
received a check, this year by the ravages of 
new insect, which has nearly destroyed tin) 
present orop. It hoped however, and bolioved, 
that this dillioulty will prove but temporary^ 

The species of noli vi.- tines, en I led /iiilu, which 
grows aimiiiliintly on llaivnii, lias h. eu found to . 
bo n profitnldo artieln ot" report to California, 
and is now quoted iu tho San Franeisoo Prices 
Current ns 11 regular marketable commodity. 

Tho manufacture of oil from tho kukui, or 

clo of superior quality is now produced. It is 
a cheap substitute for lbi-e od. a verv good lump 
oil, nnd is usod in tho manufacture of aonp, os 
well as for other purposes. Homo method of 
refi.ii.ig thin oil will doul,t|.,ss he soon discover- 
ed, whioh will create a demaud for it as an 
article of usporL 
Tho grazing i 


largely |. 

9 appear t 

'he ojpurt 

-,,:,). Woo 

■tof h 

dity of 
by tho i 

eed. The 

.ufnuimolsof supe- 

of packing heel" is 

largely inoruasing. Also the production of frails, 
oud various other articles, to tlioir advantage. 


!t i s r e 1 1 a it g ■ 

EAitfs maroini 

Tho nun >=J l! " ~ |IL 
I mi(hi reprove thy broken WIS, 

Tnd|bt recall the time 
Wh«n ihou ttcrt chartered mice lill death, 

To dream of ended la 
Wouldst »T the sa 

Irttontdes^ frio 


A de»c* rated a 

Unalterable— oiyilirloBj- 

A tarn* u>d a 

Arorrowlhal two 



i]- ■ . ■ . 1 in -■■ 

ml Mis 

Should won r] or, cr 

go cold > wor.ll 


whore h 

The priio of lore bilb ma. 
May tremble nl lie thought to 
The thin? ti»t so have done 

"CottE yc yourackes opart into a desert place 
and Test i while," said oar Divine Teaeber 
Twelve tvheu they returned to Him, after their 

iur, preaching and performing miracles. 



work, however worthy, oven if the call be urgent 
Bud the success cheering. 

But in this "fast age," so full of business and 
bustle, who lakes time Tor rose or retrospect? To 
bo sere there are plenty of people, busy and in- 
efficient, bat of coarw they are always too much 
fn the rear to get refreshing rest. 

Riches or honors, popularity or position, learn- 
ing or fashion, ''hurry up"' the masses. Others 
are In great haste to do a little good on a large 
scale, or perhaps great good on a small scale. 
Some seem to be in a hurry because (he rest ol 
the world are. 

Tberu arc plenty of persons who lire forimuEe- 
ment alone, and pursue it to the ruin of both body 
and spirit; who spurn rest, and to whom tho 
(hide of retirement is not refreshing, but d 
prilling. Then we have a class who ntwn] 
work, wbosa only recreation is a change of occi 
paiiou, whose only amusement is profitable en 
ploy m cot. 

"How to join advantage to amusement, lo gathi 
profit with pleasure," is on art lo n hioli few ho- 
attained. "Yet it is tho wise man' 
aim when be licth in the shade of 


: of that 

3 which do not di—ip-iit and enervate, bti. 
which lend to divert the mind and (k-i.jbp ill... 
body. Amusements for all a-es and classes, which 
will cultivate the social, the amiable, the graceful, 
the physical qualities ol our nature. Atniwc- 
mcDts which for the time would overshadow all 
responsible cares and business perplexities, end 
also the prim proprieties ef life in general, and 
let na laugh heartily as health)- children who play- 
games on the village green. "A merry heart 
dooth go.>J lil:e nii-Jicint," iaid tho wiso man, 
and we or water-cute faith believe it better than 

Those who make haste lo ho rich, not only "fall 
into many a worldly snare," but often into an 
early grave. Apoplexy, paralysis, and more ob- 

uf a final failure of health, 
-ss of the limbs, disagreeable 
is in the top of tho head, throbbing and 

into a dta 

ing at thes 


ontly, ma. 

i awhile," and thcrc- 

i to tho busy world, 

"' '- labor many n 


on (aster than e 


jear. But few listen to these wi 
With them comes a resile 
tode, which impels (hi 

An illustration or this type wo know amid our 
Wends. He began hfe buyoess life with only- 
dollars, and is now a millionaire. 
'*i with all the elegancies of 
I children, and children's 
hurnes hrm on, » that he hu no time to enjoy 
™fhff l . hln E^e has gathered about h iln or 
rather ho has nerelLh for ttn y.hi,, L - b-.t wj.l. 
Be he hurries on untune detailed in body and 
brain, and then ho mil sltnoiMK-in ,!../„... 
by the open grate, seldoi 

"^-ughno. .._. 

and 1,1,--. 

.ing very little a 

np-jkirif, a 

■'"'£ much, 

In this 

Weeks, and then » u .id t nly, as „,.■ .^v,, l,,'-(,,i' 

belt up and ofl again at three u'clock in tho 

^ in[ , ,,.,„,,„„, | , ! ,- |i ;; n ' > 

worn om, «!,,,, ,|„ , , . t . i[l; ,., l) , li( . ln ' ; « 
fo ZiueL lifr * '^""^ «* ^ g »i» 
d n r„"rl C : d . Sa ! d ' . h '- ! "Mr.G~wb. 
uyoj yi 

"Rett, n 
did nnt 

I in J. 


r ricbts V 
' wish 1 

place of i 

.("Piug." He j. much rcpeo^tj thlse the 

A " is said thla imperative 

urn within the lost fo w 

orcr wrought brain 

many morbid symptoms which arc 


o best, and i 

baste has 

Jmm, as the- result of 


:s the 

lo severe attacks of what nu tben thought 
hilons chalic, and had been treated according to 
the allopathic mode for that disease, to the great 
injury of his sensitive organisation. These at- 
tacks have since been proved to bo of a purely 
neuralgic typo, induced by brain exhaustion, 
coming on pfter close mental lobar, as when he 
has written a sermon which has called forth much 
thought or feeling. A lady of my acriuoinlanco, 
win,;;; petition requires much an.\i.iiis Mmuglit 
and resiiflu-'it'Se enre, nas suljeet lo severe and 
sudden attacks of pain in thu stomach, and 
through the section ol tho back opposite, for 
hours a E ,0,in ' n S a E° n )' would, rest upon her. 
The suffering sho described as more intense than 
anything she over experienced before. For a time 
they were supposed to ovi^o from indiccslion. and 
mow and more enre as lo diet «os exercised, and 
las and feii food was taken, but still the attacks 
grew more frequent and more severe. li.-i-iiiiinp 
certain that they were not induced by undigested 
food, other habits of life were watched, and the 
discovery was soon mode, that tbey came on after 
any close and continued menial activity, e-peeiil- 
ly'ivheii, from anxious care, her usual meals had 
Im in ..-■nitu.ii, aud that the less sho ale iho mora 
i'r ;]« and severs the attacks. 

Her usual responsibilities were then resigned, 
ajournsy taken, which restored her appetite so 
that she nlc freely, slept abundantly, and exer- 
cised a great deal in the open oir, and had no re- 
turn .if tlio>e terrible attacks since, though a year 
has now elapsed. On her return to her homo 
labors, sho found that, whenever her broinwork 
was fo increased that her appctito diminished, 
the symptoms of a return of the dreaded guest 
would re-appear. But Iheso warnings havo been 
promptly heeded, aud more bodily exercise, more 
brain-rait, and more food, havo prevented their 

In this case tho nervous fores seems to have 
been so expended that there was a temporary fail- 
ure in the action ol the ganglionic synem of nerves 
di -trill ii led to the stomach, and hence this inde- 
de-.rrihdile agony in that region. 

Here let me add, for tho benefit of inquiring 
friendj, that wo, too, have had our rest, not by 
"turning aside into a desert place" exactly, hut 
by closing our doors to invalids, and opening our 
hearts to our children and uur friends In health, 
we are happy lo state that we are neither ■ brnleu 
down" nor "used up, 1 * as madam Rumor has 
iviii'p-.'ri-d. b'H merely stopped 10 rest ic/orf wo 

eririg item a lor Mu- i 1 1 1 f . r- . -■ 1. 1 , 1 1- n L of our Own. 
And now. having had (his refreshing rest, and 
having enlarged and refilled our establishment, 
wc bare a bright face, and a "clean apron on alj 
round," and are ready again to sec our invalid 
friends.— [it. B. Gleason in Walcr-cure Journal. 

jffigS^ THE undersigned wishes to call^ 



AI=o a choice lot of GARDEN and GREEN- 

w.' F/.AXT.-i hoses, snuu/sa. *« 

ComprWns all of "-- " ■ 

if Cell! rated 

/■.'.i'lf. SF.CT.tltlttE. AFRT. 

i a lar^e lot of 

k wiMmt, EnclUn ffalni 
>lj. Elm, Weopiei 
ar alaalei, dfe. 
i of all the Bert Foreign and Native 

i all bedded and 




The Proprietor of tbli «i 

i that ho hu for 

- 8 ryb«tvarl«I«or 

3,000 tlto yi»r nld *ppT» ; 

'-"■", ""•U'"'.'":':l'--r I. '■ 



Fig Trees, Raspberries, 
Currants, tiooseberriea, 

and about 20,000 Grape Pine*. 
fiOO Its. China Sngar-Cane Bead, 

At 91 «5 P"- Pounili 

id ronod aud a-half beini a RTeot rlentj to leod coo 
re of ground. 

Tlio 1-nTrlotwv.ill «ll his Trtci, Ba.h« aai Vine, as 
s-ojonvotbor rc.'i on-Llik- nurjery in rbocJunlry Uir 
■k i . l ,l;rr. whiillj fnim Ire's wbicli oave Imrnn Iron 
Cnlifiirnio, aed ia Ibornfore knona and roliablo, 
03- All iir.lera will be ).rem|>llv n'.l^ude.l te. Tho el- 
ate of Ijucklnc and freight "111 lo chorgra lo the jiul- 

""""l? ".GOULD, Propriolor. 

Largest and Mail Select Collection of 

TREE3, TINES, &c, 
ever offered in this State, 

Tie ritUir TREES oforod bf ai are all provm aed 
worked la the Koitonrbiui, [rem Tarletiei obtaioed 
frotn the celobrated MOUNT DOPE NL'ItSERIES, o 
Boeboilor, meat of which wo havofraitodlBourOrchnrdi, 
sad offer for rule only loot larlotlu as «. hare found lo 
be best adapted to Ibis elimato. 

25,033 AfPLE TltEES, of two jc«ri' growth, luge llic 

lfiX Tlum ycu. 1 cniwig, turn Inrio, fmo Trra, lellnMo 

t'.\ i7M.,i-l c ,ill ( . :i r!l.riil-ira!r< 
^li-lc lr.. : -."i,irl 1 I.,: ,l.:..r . 

'.'''i'r':.":.',:;: .jfusnlpn nod G 
Slirul.f. .(■;.. ci-iui-ri-,: -ill llu- I- 
lirablcforbcauiiiTls,; jriut., 

■ : '.f.:j|li-:.;f-,lUl I 

Cranberry Plants, 


TS Ihikinil bi-l Tlii'l'-.J fnr'ulLivalinn oadanii, loamj 

A .iil, .ilK. ,.„ i T ,.| l.,,-,„ n ... .. |, lh .],.. |, ,,,„ ,(),!. „-,.].:, 

—" —or. V. ben oulilvaiod, alter two yuur^, thejoltin 

200 to 300 Bniholi per Acre. 

iVcm RoektlU forLatrlon) Blackberry Plants 
of ibeseoalne varloii, at reduced prieau 

Brinckte'i Orange Raspberry, 

"a.,«nj] bl*bly ornamental. Cir.;.,| nr . r. i 

are. Mil. c i„ n on ^ laani u lho o|0m rf , be 
sn, or br letter to lag n,b«rlber, bv Ineloilnc e 

' li ; , .;'!;:r" '.''i-'i<'~*ill l ^ 1,rci ' iWw . i '''«°™u»ir 

'oriolebi F. TROWBRIDGE, 

A clergyman, a friend of ours, had been subject 

Land§cape Gardener. 

'pill: .in-kr^f-aed off.™ bl, tortlee. a. a Landwape 
i [i,MM..r ],,, ,..„, , ouda f..r l'lrlu, I.a.,„,"a^ 

ria.Xal'n" f." c '' Co ' °'" J '"' I ' l *"i la Lho kl °" "r 1 " uf 
Tbe a-lnrlii(r i, uc-rmilt-.l to refer to Editor, or Par. 
rr"L.T. ! klu.[, C iuiM.lefuorblin ii< iL-.-.- i!i..i -..l-b 

bii«"Tlc... tSj J.T.ill.vlc. 

br mail or othen 


i deliver)- onbeTntj a* fnL.'iSur'Vf'i" "''' ' 

E.M'lltlt dirtcliun- (cr marlrioinod rhi|.|.in_- >!|.:.uM 

■■■■■■I ' :. ■ i . ■;■■ ■■ :, . :..■ 

-iil iiiJT-l bi, ,;.,.,, lb.) mri-itio.: c -,<;u ;l bo futrilibed. 
behlE furnished nilh lho loadicx norts, anj proper pie- 


fruitIkee s , 




J±. I>. SMITH'S 


NURSERY, — ** 



Proprietor has the rleoinro of offonnj lo till 
ut collectrod of TREES that will be oHeroil lo tbi 
both as to BnortwandiuperlorboaDtvortlio tree 

toe viBUilM— ombroeiog u lho)- do 


And also an unusually Ann crop of 

All of which trc offer upon ns reasonably 

low tanns as they can bo hail at any 

reliable ostablishalcDt. 

gMOw Peach, Apple, Cherry, Aprioot.jMJ 
222 Heotarina, and Plum Trees, — £■ 

Aro very largc-siied, ninny or Ihem of very supe- 
rior slie, maklai It en object to perrenj nbo desire U 
make planlstloDS of Inrge- 

1 examine for tbea 


10 of (In 

ndpereooj in mokinc their orders "ill jiloai 

ion tho ilia tbe; wish, u folloira: 

Frora3feet(o 5 feet l.i:bi 

From B feet to 7 feet high j 

From 7 feet to 10 feet Dish. 

Wo call particular attention lo oar sploedid etock of 

Toe Finest and Lahdest in the State, 
mbntlnt all lho Cneit lariotlu, and of nhieh no can 
arnlih trou In lorso quantities, and or tbo very flueit 

All the variolies or frulti that no Bell, tvo are unltl- 
alinff In our Oroharda, andaa propagate onlj from Ihem. 
[very year norao now varlotiei aro fruilloe;, and no thus 
»n acquira the moans or knowing nhethor wo are calll- 
attng a suporlar or a worthies, variety. 

Oar Catalogue of Frulti being now very oilonslvo, and 
Iwaja oddinj to onr collection, ira can lupply parlice 
:ho desire to ineroaso thoiti, moch more lo their Batlrfao- 
tlaa, tbinlhoi-can import Ihomiolves. Our varietloa are 

BETTER TREES than the; can import. 

e immonso quantity of fruit sent etory year 
from toil eilabllshtncnt lo Sacranmoloond Sao Franouico 
alarkols, ha? as yet been unsurpassed for slie, qaaUtv 

aver, 'and no boliavo oor foellilloi for being 
00R8E0T A3 TO I.'At.SES AND !in IETIES, 
e as PenrEcr At il Possible to JIasc tbesi. 
Id the tleparlment of 

Shade and Ornamental Trees, 

Wo havo a von doe stock of all lho leadlnff varieties, 
o vory Cno extra largo trooj of the 

imriienlarlytholnller, wo have a largo lot of from 10 

French Merino Slicep. 

jesdGL ITaVISO been enured lo Immrtlna; and 
■SfflrbrocdmL- l-M:.-''!! MI.KI."-" -Illl.l' f,,- 
3E3L era! voir. I-ul, 1 "a rjow r^reL-L Hill and 
: ■ ■- i rte or raise] by myrelf from ID. 

iry or Eu^.» C,lUa aDJ 
! "i-nv.yje.lallihoprlKsoa Frond) Mcibo Sheop 

Ihl.olaMorSbo'apal'our'iruil KiK'al '"vrir, and tho 

III"-! ill tb-.j-out ibeSl-Lln I'.irj .,i i' ,■!'"■ .'i ■!■., Mi"hl- 
rjnn, Indlnoa, Mt.-ionri. Wl.con-ln and :0» at the Pro- 
Mo.iil Sli'.r. ..(I|i„r Cannd*. r-rili.'i :f-'snt year, were 
awnrdod cltbir [n Sbeeii rai-fl bv lav-elf, or lO Stock 
fmm Sheep raiioa by too, and ,old lo othorj. 
Cinci'LATi.1, etviu.; a fall ,1,- .-rif.ivTi ,.( iay floek, eont 

taieed of Ibo Edit™ of tho CALiron.^FAaiir.K. 

Prices as low nj lho unit lualtiy cm bi! j.urehaiod ol 
any other ce nun, nnl Shesii delivered in Sen York, free 
ofohar K e. JOHN IL I'AITLIWON. 

WESTF1ELD, raa«.«fi« C«»re, ttEVf YOnK. 
tB M ly -101 


II. REMCK-Clrelorillo, Plekawaj- Co., 

i:>lif..-f.-.ralun;[ii. ..-'.:,.i^ iiroM-jt 

.,1 ibi. L..-I ^lI'.'IiT-MUR:; CATTLE, nill 

noil, nt tho f..:i 




i:iii: l -.Ti:u "n 

d to. ace 





IVl'iil! .-111. LI' (bv lmi-orlatli>ns, and por- 
ebaso of Col. L. 0. JlonmO, to a. larrro a 

"Train' 840,* 

Fancy Fowls for Sale, 

En' s L.b"o 

BuITL«borni.. dn 
Gray Shugluia do 

.'All Order, will 
ei well packed up ; 
i and thedlslano 

torn, old oaslomera u well 
rap tly attended to, nod tho 

(learner at ilvlio. Sly Collection of 
3S O S E S 
received tho Fair Pvehidh at tho Slate Fair hold at 

My Calais™, rivloi a dejcriptlon of oath variety I 

rriv,. i , ,,.||, ar ,-| C | n „ ( in [„„ U!1 ,i„ n abr ,u | rnr ,„, bDIi ' 
Ibe prices, etc, can bo had ottl,L-;; 1 ,r, r)-- l)iit.!i i„ 

funn'mron'' rj'"' prt ""^"™^'»^o c ^' e ^d'' i 'Ull 

•III. nELARIGHR, H ci,J"'rcel, Ben Krtncu™. 

'-. W l.i:i"ll,'il,-.. l ,„. b „ r ,„' [ i-; n Vr, n d™ 

Utt Jit ...inn;.,.!-..,..,,. :iii. .,; vinr;i.ii.''tr.,,.. ...Hi,, 


»jai).(K« KUEHEKV Tltr.L-3 „< ll JO VEI1V CHOICEST 

J,:.- "-■<•■■'. '-■<"'-. n-L l^^rLial kind, of Fruit, 

!S.'.'!™ ft,s;'" '">»™'*S«1K. S*'.f S 

Purebaion are invited bo visit tho Vnnitnr >■ n.„_ 

ter c, w. L«co 

• itont. 
D3- FOX & CO. b 

100 Oonoord Orapo-vliiei. 
dd lobe tbo unest Orap, In B row[h tor niklng TCIno , 
.»^^l^d. ^ "' f0D, ' dilEDECCA ''' ,,lilD »' lWbll • a »P , 

Tho Grconhouso Doparlmont is quito full, and 

our roallysoperb stock of 


eneqoaled by anythioc of thai sort In lho State. 

Garden Vegetable Seeds, 
Of this year's crop, fino and of first quality, put 
up in paokocef, all sites, suitable to tbo trade, Win 
basted Punc and snro to grow. 

For fuller particulars, seo our new Catalogue 
nhieh wo will furnish onATre lo all applicants. 

DcT- All order*, sent either by mall or eiproa, ae 
eoicpanlod by tbo easb, will bo promptly attended to. am 
Tree, carefully packed, lo carry lafoly toaoy part of th. 


2 0,000 



Thostocketroilstiof over .evenly vr 

ileoted. :,"u [i, .in. or exponso bos beee 

wbeittarti, andtoiondor these Tree 


Tlio Concord Grape. 

■A The Best Grape for Oat-door Cnltnre 



m Slotlr Imported by h. G. STorrli, Eso, 


Drown: IShnuU, 1 inch bU-h ; .lr..l In- ll.i- Al;.l!,|[.,h : \:(, 
dam was cot by Clarion ; hn by Mon- 

LuUM!lU,onil lw- 

Kwrll'die™ at ^ul.^ad^eo"^' 1- S 
good i-efcrcocc, promptlj alTrnJol to, / 

O.OOOMentbly ft„ t . 










i\ Ibcn- nipdrJar joeril, It la ooly oc 

lauerablo Imitation; 

rhlt dry, nuulo from Puuteord on! oil Kent 
id palmed otToa tbo unnupeclin^ as 

■.'■In.- Ui'.-Lr „|,, nlu „ mo Mbnrlbor (wholl 
to Cla^loDseBilerEbciM-.Puent), can havo 
lib ica of tho genuine unlflc, and irturunl b 

™ 'plendH Model Tablet, Cto)r, Rosewood 
wkh eijio and Marble Uedx. Alio; BiUianl 

H- K. HUOIIE5, Sole Aorrn', 

Pioneer Establishment. 

.00rInjofFISlJ"Ialll.iiiJf;^— r^ 

..r lho oaring i.l i-rimo : '--_ ) 

BACON. AjwancrDhu^Lhebi u-tiolol 

"rloi "Jlit'^la' a5lr° l'"^!, CrTll,Kd ' " afrau '"l 
TnoBob irlbor U no» Mp'Bja In Pork PaoklDr.wid 
^m" 1 ™ 1 !.* •( "%"?!!', it t?l""""- ,: <<" ltnl P«rr^e ha 

Colored Plates of California Fnfit 

rrnE boautiful Fruit Pieeei which 




he California farmer. 


Moiua Molticoulla vs. Floor and Qraln. 
Wuo docs not remember tho mulberry fever, 
and did not learn it to their cost, There were 
those who stood firm, and resisted tho tempting 
bate of the speculator; who know, or foil assured 
they knew, its fate; for it was so preposterous, 
prudent men suit the folly or those who wore 
pretending to raise tho food for silk worms, when 
there were comparatively no silk worms to bo 

At the timo tho mulberry fever was rsginp, 
there were trees enough raised lo bare supplied 
a thousand large silk manufactories; yet there 
wore no factories to demand them, and conse- 
quently the speculation failed. 

And so with tho present speeolilion. Tboro is 
more food than are mouths to eat it, and all -III 
seo tho result. Tho molbcry fell "o nothing, for 
there was nothing to eat itj and flour will (all to 
its legitimate value, just in proportion lo tho 
quantitv wanted, and that is twenty-fire percent 
less than its nomin.I price this week. Such will 
bo tho result within ninety days, or perhaps 
Billy; and wo now say to fanners, Bell your 
grain, or wait and labo less. 

Any intelligent reader can tea that while good 
western flour is quoled at $1 50 in Now York, it 
is also selling in England and Franco at §5 75 to 
S7, and fancy brands at proportionate prices. 
Look at Ihc crops in Chile, sec reports from 
Australia, and read of tho importations into Rio. 
At tho present moment, tho prico or Gallego and 
Haiall even would make a splendid shipment 
from thenco to this market j and wo should not 
be surprised to seo a cargo of Gallego and Haxall 
arrive in Ssn Francisco, direct from .Bio. It 
would, be a grand speculation to bring flour from 
thence lo this market. 

Wo say, without fear of contradiction, that it 
is impossible to maintain the price of flour at its 
present rates. It is injurious to the farmer, lo 
tho miller, to ibo merchant, and to our whole 
State; for Ibo tendency is and will bo lo bring 
foreign Horn and grain into Our State, and this 
consumes and carries away the capital wo want 
at home ; and those parties who have been instru- 
mental in bringing about this false and baseless 
Talue to our great staple, deserve tho severest 
condemnation ; and we think they will receive 
and feel a small portion of Ibo penalty from the 
sentence which the true market reports will gire 
very shortly. 

The whole country is liberally supplied now, 
and in many places in the interior flour can be 
purchased for less than in this city, if reports are 
true that come to us daily, and we have no reason 
to doubt them. The finale is near. "Rats de- 
sert a sinking ship." 

The Next State Fair. 
The Marysville Express announces that thi 
next State Fair will be opened at thai city on the 
23d August, lo continue one week. Then 
bo no doubt that a wide interest will bo i 
tested in all the upper counties for this Fair, and 
there is not a county in the State that should not 
be alive to this all important aid to the progress 
of Agriculture. The President and bia co-laborer! 
are men of great energy, and it will not bo then 
bull if there is not a succcssfol Fair. 

i Kr.anr.Ha ano ( 
larilon of those who don't love Locusts 
s, for the space wo are obliged lo 
oecnpy with this important history, just now. 
One or two numbers more will Qnish it, when we 
shall issue it in book form. It will form one of 
the most important works of tho kind ever pub- 
lished. After that, wo shall have space for all 
ur .co r respondents. 

Wo have copy from many of our correspondents, 
which shall all be published speedily. The con- 
tinuation of the manuscript from our valued cor- 
respondent ■'Salliej" "Old Maids," same author; 
"Hope, and the Death Angel," a gem from oui 
new correspondent from the sonny South, ■"Reno," 
will appear neit week. An appeal to the citizens 
or California upon She subject or anew stearoc: 
line, from our Kew York correspondent D, nci 
week. "Lines to King Frost," from A. J. W. 
New York, received and accepted. Tho letter 
complimentary to 'Agricola, from T. 0., will 
appear next Issue. 

TheFAHMEBofthis week will be found lo bo 
composed ot nearly all original articles, each and 
all worthy perusal. 

Wo would (specially call attention lo our adver- 
tising columns. 

Oon Aoekt at San J oar.. —Messrs. Loewy 
t Bro., Booksellers, at S»n Jose, .re oor Agents 
for the Farmcu. They will .Iways be supplied 
with copies for ihe steamer, and at all limes ; and 
wo invito all persons in that vicinity to call at 
their bookstore and examine the new volume of 
the FAiiMKii-tho ninth volnmo. Will those of 
our Patrons to whom v.e h.ive sunt bills, and all 
whose ttmo has expired, call and settle and re 
new. and thus aid us in tho work. All letter 
from our friend- ail eorre-pondince, and all order 
for our new importations can come throuet 
Messrs. L. Bro. We cheerfully recommend all I 
Call on our agents ; they have a fine stock ol th 
useful, beautiful and ornamental in their lim 

Agricultural Colleges, 
We most earnestly call tho attention of every 
iond of the cause of Agriculture to the leltor in 
tr columns which wo received the last moil. 
We trust our Legislature, now in session, will 
,ke action upon it. Wo hope, too, our Slate So- 
ciety, and every County Society in oor State, and 
all the friends everywhere, will Maminothisques- 
and ho prepared to use thoir influence in so- 
coring snob a grant of land as California deserves, 
and desires, and let us have a State College of 
the highest character. 

Wcask, in all earnestness, shall California, the 
very richest agricultural State in tho Union, re- 
main silent when such important subjects are 
agitated 7 

Sow (a tho lime to not. Now is tho timo to 

memorialize. During tho last session of our 

Legislature, measures were taken, and notion 

had in tho Assembly. Wo trust <lw met- 

s will be revived, and let it not bo enld that 

California was silent, when other States were 

aolivo. Most sincerely do wo thank oar kind 

friend, Professor Williams, for bis letter. His 

ishes shall bo obserrod; and wo wish our vntco 

iuld reach every friend of this noble cause, 

id owako him to action. The groat sucoobs of 

tho Colleges named, would bo but a lithe of ono 

established here, nnd wo now spouk, and speak 

ithhopo: — 

AominftTOHAi Counne* ^"jj^ Igg™' } 
iM.Hrrr */ It* Callfmla Faroo-: 

Gen'tlbubs : You doubtless hove perceived 
that tho bill of Mr. Morrill, designed to appro- 
printo lands to the several States for tho pur- 
pose of establishing Agricultural Colleges, hns 
been referred in Congress to tho Committor! on 
Publio Lands. Various memorials on tho samo 
ibject hove been presented. Mr. Morrill's 
bill may not be tho best ; it may bo deemad ad- 
visable by tho committee so to modify tho bill 
as to make area as well ns population the basis 
of distribution. Mr. M.'s bill embraces guoran- 
thnt a State accepting tho trust shall keep 
tbo Kind entire nnd saored ; it allows tho inler- 
of the fund only to be used, and it forbids 
use of the fund in the erection of buildings. 
Where States have no public hinds within their 
it allows scrip to be issued for tbo quan- 
tity due such State; provided, however, that no 
State, as a State, con locate of leads within the 
boundaries ni another, out individual purohaa- 
of sorip can locate nny whore. Perhaps any 
ought also to prohibit the solo of scrip by 
any Slato at less than one dollar per acre. 
There seems to havo been a simultaneous at- 
ition aroused to the whole subject over tho 
untry. Ours, I believe, is tho only Institu- 
tion of tho kind in actual operation. It opened 
on tho 13th of April last. So far, it bos boon 
iccessful. We have now about one hundred 
students in attendance. Tho resources of the 
Institution were $0(1,000. Our farm consists 
of 67G acres. 

Tho Agricultural College of Sew Y'ork it is 
designed to open next year. .Their resources 
are about 980,000. Tboy ore erecting a build- 
ing wbiob will accommodate 350 students. One 
half the pum named was raised by subscription, 
and one-half was loaned by tbo Stoto. 

Tbo Farmers' High School of Pennsylvania, 
they propose to opon next year. They 
erecting buildings which will accommodate 300 
Students. The Institution feels that SI 00.000 

I-. -eeurell ; one li.ilf from private hi. 

and the other half from the Stole. Their Form 

consists of 400 acres; 200 acres of it is n don 

ion from Guil Irwin, hi I',. Hot. nl-. and 2(W 

In Maryland, pri 

nte individuals 

have sub- 

d the State is 

l'k'1-i.-.-J t' 

a College, by ono 

3100 each. 

In Virginia, tho 

banded aProfesso 

ship nt Charlo 

j a rch used an Exp 

rnnental Farm 

ear Peters 

Tho Real Question. 

Tun following very jnsl expost of the condition 
resulting from tbo credit system, we find in our 
English journals, as quoted below. England speaks 
as n creditor of tho American people, and as she 
speaks to them, so could iho Eastern States speak 
or California; although wo do believe that Cali- 
fornia baa most nobly redeemed hcraelr and her 
credit by great promptitude uud integrity through 
years of trial. However well she has done, there 
can bo no question hut that a vast difference is 
made in the East between gold nod credit. It 
matters not how good tho debtor may be, or how 
high his name may aland, all shrewd merchants 
know that Caih makes the best purchases, nnd 
California has had to pay dear for all the credit 
she has asked at tha East 

Wo sincerely hope (hot all who arc looking for 
banks, paper currency, or places of deposit, or 
nny currency other than gold for our own beloved 
State (unless it is Mint Certificates ofUnclc Sam), 
will carefully perusn this article from tbo English 
paper, and see how applicable it is. Wo hope 
every firmer and mechanic in the laud will set bia 
face like a flint against all kinds of money, except 
California gold. We go for "homo mannroctnre,' 1 
nnd a specie currency : 

Out Losses and Gains by the Financial 
Crisis. — lo America, as in England, the commer- 
cial crisis is rapidly passing away. The latest 

V, j IT, 

1 New York 

sally r 


i Now Year unusually ravorahle. 
During" the three months' collapse it seems that 

liulli...ii his been collecting in viust ipiuutilies; that 
produce and manufactures nreaci umulnling nbuud. 
notly in readiness for foreign market.-; Hint credit, 
purified by the storm, will became sound and 
lit-jlrliy ; alid. above all, as the New York Herald 
remarks: "Within the past three or Tour months no 
man has embarked in n rash enterprise; no mooey 
bos been locked np in new schemes ol any kind ; 
all under takings of n speculative character, includ- 
ing loony utiproli'ihlr i lijenirtj, mines, and 

other enterprises, which were great consumers of 
wealth in goe.1 lion.-, huve beea suspended, and 
the money thai would have been appropriated to 
them his been saved." 

It is satis foe lory to find that oar best BuatOniofs 
are gelling on t b ■_■ i r lu;j n« lin, will =.lii.rtly be 
in a pijj'itiuii to resume their commercial dealings 
with this country upon ii f.-ile almost, if not quite, 
as extensive U3 before. But it would, wo mast 
confess, add considerably to our gratification, i( 
cur American relate >te> ,-Uinvo 1 -<ihi<: symptom i of 
paying their debts to England. Business in New 
York, wo aro told, is i n •'proems, of liquidation ;' 
but the process appears lo stop short at the sea- 
board. In fact Ihe amount of indebtedness to Eu- 
ropean creditors, accompanied by the assumption 
that their debts are never to ho paid, is actually 
claimed as an addition to the national wealth— a 
sort of bonus which (he sharp commcrc in litis of 
America have won from the Britishers. "Tho 
bulk of the tiiii! lure been occasioned by 
the revulsion," says the New "1 ork Herald, "will 
foil not on us, but upon the manufacturers or Eng- 
land and France ami (lie capitalists of Europe. 
When our people tail it i; thi' foreigners who sof- 
ter — wo keep the goods, they lose the money." 

For a commercial organ our contem[.or;iry 
"goes ahead" rather fust His doctrine i; rather 
Olted for Walker's filibustering gang than the 
soIk.t h/iliituii (if IJri'LLilwuy and Wall street. To 
get commodities on credit, und then fail uinl.r cir- 
cumstances which unable "our people" to keep the 
goods while stumors 1"S>j their money, is a very 
compendious way of increasing one's wealth. It 
may also, like any oilier species of roguery, DC 
practised upon unsuspicious persons with eminent 

exhausted. Tho trick will not do twice — while 
the precautions which the suff. rcrs nie pretty sur 
to lake against Us repetition nil! prove expeii-ov 
in the end even to its inventors. Tiadei 
o long ci 

; who has been token in by 
r In New York will find 
IS at the cost, if not of tho 
all events of his brother 
iplo of insurnnce is now 
od, and ihcorporutod in 

ioi loveuWers? Ono would think 

that everybody in our city was running mad fur 

gold ; and we truly believe thjs inordinate desire 

wealth Is the great, first caaso of all tho 

ides, murders, and divorces that blast Iho 

hopes of so many of our young mon, and destroy 

tho prospects and homes of many who, were it 

for this teriiblo lust for wealth, would be on 

ornament to society. Why not ceaso this passion 

wealth i Let llioso who feel this mania of 

I enter into their very souls, leave tho city and 

to the beautiful gardens that environ It. Go 

Walker's Gard&is, and look upon the vast 

collections of tho truly beautiful ; and while thora 

that of each of these, "Solomon, 

glory, was not arrayed llko one of 

Wopray our citizens will not prevent scenes 
beautiful as are now presented at tho gardens 
VYalker, and many other places, to puss away 
thout a visit. It will remove from tho mind 
rrorf and sadnei*,and recuperate the toil-worn 
body, and wearied mind. 
Cultivate flowers I Go to S. W. Moore's, and 
e tho rare collection of beautiful bulbous roots, 
uy and cultivate them ; and when this mania 
ore comes on, look at these germs of life, and as 
they push forth a bod and blossom, remember 
"Flairer. have tonal— 
God (are to oicb a laDgu»go or luowo." 
And let this langnago drive from the heart all 
sorrow and care. Most earnestly do wo com- 
mend ibo cultivation of flowers everywhere. 
Better bo studjiiie; thew eiiiUeuis ol tha good 
and Irue, than planning self-destruction ; and al- 
though one does not meditate suicide, it is suicidal 
■ loafing away precious moments, 
< bolter employed. Reader, go to 
Moore's and seo those lilies that ore moro glorious 
than Solomon in his kingly robes ; and go to 
Walker's and seo thorn in ell theirglory , then 
onnui, sorrow, care, despondency, and despair 
will bo driven from the mind and heart. 

An English merohai 
an insolveat custoix 

>r hit I 

c him 

io, bills have been 
o Legislatures, to 

In Iowa, Wisconsin an 

intri.iliji- •■■] into their resp 
e~talilish Stole Agricultui 

Agriooltural rr..f.--or-l,ips been oslnb- 
!i-li-'l in v of the old OH,v l .-.,t'ii, l . r.-,, mi try. 
In times past. Jlichi^iin. Illinois, and two or 
three other States, liavo asked an rippr-primum 
by Coiif.-re.-s of pnl. lie lands f..r tin. purpose in 
i|ue-ii..o. nnd co has tho United States A.erienl- 
tural Society. 

These are some of tho evidences that genera 
nucBi-ity has aroused tho poldic mind" t. th. 
propriety of.suoh a grant. The donutiua ni 
lands for purp,, ; e H ol Kdu, niion. bas hecomt 
the recot:ni.-.e:| policy of th,. Grjveriimoiit. I' 
appears from a Repi.rt of the Sccn-inry ofth. 
Interior, in li354, that more than 4.iiimi.[|<;ii of 
acres hod been grunted to Uuivorei " 
higher Scminariea of Learning. If it 
i. into L.. orimt. hmds f..r the promoti,,,, or t ? U- 
sical and Ppife- i,,i,nl Edie it surely is tr 
do so for tho promotion of Education l.'.i.iii,;.. 
directly on Ihe end ,\<.>ri<-u|i.iriil por- or ihe pe..ple. It uppeur- ul,., thut nr.-.rk 

,- ) imiiiii,iii..i.i noree hod I u ^rented for Public 

Schools. No demand thot tho States would 
r mako would oxceod ono per cent of c 
at publio domain. Even Ex-Pn:sidi 
roe's veto of tbo Indigent Insane Bill in IS! 
icedes, that grants of lands for purposes of 
ticaliun, ere constitutional. The friends of 
measure in hand believe that it only nee 
luort and prompt action, to secure tho oi 
-e of n toll Si.;. ..„ :„.. r 

thoroughly undi 

every Snmon of commerce. It is all a queattoi 

of risks. Every trade trimsucti hevond tin 

primitive operation of tolling und buying f-n 
ready money, involves a greater or less degrci 
of risk. Tho sliop- keeper who gives Credit te 
a oustomer runs the risk of not getting bis 
money. The merchant who ships goods to u 
foreign market rum a heavier risk, varying no- 
cording to tho eharaotor of tho nation wit! 
whom ho deals. In both oases tho seller soon 
loams by eiporieneo what is the extent of hi; 
ri-k, and then elnirjjes ( iioli an pKlra amount o; 
profit as will tulliee by way of insurance to re. 
pinto in the uggregutc tho losses ho may sus 
tain by particular transao lions. A ship and [ 
onstotnot nro insured upon precisely the sami 

Books fob the Million.— Wo do not he- 
tvo there is a spot in tho wido world where 
there is so much reading matter sold "per cup- 
as there is in California. It would astonish 
ma to sac tho amount in figures. Some 
idea of what is done enn lie 1 earned by spending 
hour or two at the Post Office, when tho 
lamer mtiil cymes iu. Wo spont about thrco 
four hours there on tho ur rival of tho mail, 
a present week, and they were continaully 
calling "Sullivan. " "Noisy Currier," "Loomis," 
"lliit.diinf!-." .^:c , and tbe amounts were enor- 
mous. Wo auw tho entries of over 50.000 
papers, magazines, etc., to Sullivan; and tho 
amount lo Noisy Carriers' was also largo ; but 
theso are all light reading. Th 


enliflo tr 


■ for praotical 

MoGlnshin & Co. ore now offer- 
ing tho largest slock of Books on every subject, 

at ubout jiew York prices; school I ks, his- 

toriciil, M'ieiililie mid hioi;riipliieu!, with account 
books, statiouory, etc. Wo know his oifer is 
true, having; experience of lite fuot ; it is a real 
salt, and prices about half the usual Culifnniiu 
prices. All who want books should visit him. 


'.S 1)1.11 


day of Washington should be kepi in purpelu 

that in 
will bo 
long to 


sacred to a hig 

jld thai it might ho made 



it puy highei 

o the under 

. ill r 

erket. In 





pecimens or the Chinese 
,s since, growing in the 
garden of the Brother* pmups, 0Q Silver street, 
near Kincon Point, which was planted late last 
t season, and prodnccd seed. The stalk at tho roots 
was fresh and healthy, and is now tbooting np 
boldly, iLuf clearly indicating thot it will fiIr rWe 
a second year in sheltered pl QW5 . We h 

ISSrfiteBSS " MMunU ftotn Uie T " loS 


mber of vour poriod- 

erncle. nnd send n number lo each or tho gen- 
ii. in. „ ,...o,p.,-„,i ; ih, r..„,,„it,, t . a „ Q Public 
Lands ni.d Agncjllur,, 1„ bu , u „, n ][l , lll0 ull(] 
Senate at WashioglonT 

Will you bring all the pergonal influence yon 
can, to bear ™ md.vnJual members of your 
delegation in CungrcasI 

I should bo pier ' ' 

O hear from you, i 

ed, if you contribute your aid In tbo 

copy, mark- 

Preildeatof MIcMjao Sn 


t>r«£ii;irit; of the a . 

her keep!,,,.. English consignments wii 
ingber Euflisb rlulitu, the Herald do 
vertire the world, in most emplmtio terms, that 
Now York credit is ■■doubly husardous." 

SoirR years since, Lord Talbot was granted 

adi.oree by the English House of Lords; his 
wife a modest and unassuming woman, lu.ring 
'"■■■'■II •■lii-ll.- il with mi .I,,,,!,, wit], „,) iHi, L . ralo 
CTooin. The principal v;itiie SH against h...r wii-. 
tho family clergyman, Ihe Hey. Mr. Sergeant, 
who Bwuro that ho oaught her in tbo net „f„i B1 „ 

1 ' -I- 1.-/ 1 mm hu, just fieei, him-elf ap ,o ihe 

mitboriti.,s, c.,u|-.-.-ii lt r ([,„, |„, h(1 ,| ,„.,:,,,„,( 

himself by e ,pirne V , „„,1 thai he had n„ ren-oii 

to suspect tho state or affairs which lie had 
sworn 1... llois now almostinsunorron, remorse. 
the pr., s ,cuti„i, ,,f I..,,],- Talbot mn j hrr Q 
inanie , and sl, died without recovering her 
ressou. Lord Talbot married a woman who 
proved ,dl he b„d chared his first wife 
v.,tl,. on,l .,„,„ ,l.„ : , rl ,.,] llj[M n, ..[I,,, |„, rnM .. 
m the midst of his beastly ..r^,.,-, -,,,,!, n ,„„,. 
puny of ,3,. Kro ,i, L | woini;ili Thus vengoonco 
In-. ..y..,t„keii all the parties lo this diah-lh ..I 

and public actions of the Fafrier of his country, 
and by such a review, present to the minds of 
Foung men, and all political men. a standard ot 
public action that shall tend to make our country 
what Washington desired it should be. 

Musical Em^iii'.\i:<mi.m'3. — Wo aro most 
happy to lay before our readers No, I of a serios 
or Musical Entertain mente, in tho form of Ad- 
tioiams, from our able and highly 

jpondoiit, M. A. Sorles. Esq., of 

tho Collegiato Institute of Benioin. Those Ei 
ill be continued, nnd wo trust o> 
[loud the notice of this fact 

j— ■tinl moro and moro worthy us 
family paper. Tho namo of tho autlto 


■ihl ho the, r. 

mltor an invostigatior 
into all mo causes which have wrecked so many 
householders in California. Lot those who in. 
stigate this separation of man nnd wife, rood tho 
follow. r ° Q0 " Up ° n thD """"I"'"'':™ «">t 
w like Tainting Indies 1 

.,[ f. i. 

ligh character, worthy the 

* of arti 

especial not 

a Latin TiTLr.s.-Gcn. Sutler, 
said has proposed to enter into a bond wit 
settlers on land which he claims to the eas 
scull, of Feather river, to surrender all pr.„... 
sions to title to iho samo, for tho consideration of 
SISO,000, to ho paid lo him by tho present occu- 
pants of said lands, one hair cosh, and the balance 
secured by mortgage The settlers interested 
have had several meeting,, nn ,I „rc now eug a g,d 
with good prospers ol succe^, i„ ni m- it 
money. 8 

. .T I,K F E " a IliHTit.-Mr. Charles Spear, re- 
-lm,;.iu iheyomi ,h, Minion, says Ihe Herald, 
h7nnJ, n n ° A r r ' 0ilnCOW lh «8»™ hi"' «>'"« 
The moil ,' i'i """ t " ll °.*< Tuesday last, 
could iZ ; desd. Ut Pr ° 5e0y "« d0iDS " 5 ffeI1 M 

EsTrtionowAqirBaDiSB Flat.— A celebrated 

lui-e, i,rn,.wni,i 'U-at.-r U.iy ." lately "-aliened 
^veny miles, ] Bap , []g in ib l ariii ££ ^ 
l ">mty hurdles, within two minutes and a hair o( 
an noor. Question for solution: Who wa- ■' 
greater brute, tho horso or his rider ? 

is Buci 

,-i™i '^,?!!l' l ft!" u . < "'{ " { ,ht "> T » ln: " 

Diroetory of Advi 

in Oust 1c, commander 

out by the explosion, fifteen Tecl ol water was in 
taking in largo quantities of water alt. 

Tun SdoaiI Choi- or LodIbiaka.— It is staled 

In the New Orleans Cie.-ivut, tint the sugar crop 
or Louisiana for 1357 will he, horn 2ii,U0M to 
J5l.Mii.iU bin].., against about 7fi,0i.ii.i bhds. in 1 JotJ. 
1'ricOifBro, of course, much loiver than lost year; 

fji2rjlJi.i0l't.l more r,r tl,.- ,.,^ ,,'f d^\Ltoa than 
from thai of ISoO, while consumers will also gain 

The Beb 

r Paid. — A well known political 

s: '' We pay best— Krst, Ihuso who 

destroy ua, 

onorals ; second, Ihnsu who cheat 

ugeri and musicians; and leister 


io insirnot us, ministers, authors, 


ordorodNur.err Sto 

UiiWt.i, a witi-fiwiory (uwaoma 
i ?I)„ii|i| „nj at. i|,r-.tniintrito«ar 
"""^"t'llOST"* CO. 

ol Trees, Viocj, Sbroln, Plant), or Si 



A MoNTcn Cabtimo at GtAsaoir. — At itTtia 
o'clock, a. m., GO ions— 40 cart-loads— of pip; iron 
were put in [he cupolas of Finniestono Iron works, 
and by lour o'clock of tbe simo day lliis enor- 

poured into the 

Tbs American RothMcbllds. 

As much has been said and writ wo open tbe 
subject of the R.eal American Bank.*, Pcnbody 
obtaining aid of the Bank of England for tic MOP- 
bom -.meant or "three million! of dollars;" jot 
\m look upou it as one of tbe nicest nets of ihe 
Bank administration. The amount ul Dcceplanoe 
bearing the name of Pcflbody, at the time tbia aid 
was rendered was about fi.t million pounda iter- r Thr leiipih of the block which hid to bo cast 
lintr or "thirty inillioua of dollars." . | "« -* <•"-'' '■' i'""^', i>k hre-nUli 10 feet 6 inches, 

We waald «fc. what w"nld hiwe been the rosolt I "I'i^ 1 ^'!.' .iV* !l . .I! , '„ C ''"?*„' l iS- ",,°" 
in the city ol London, bad that aid been refuted? 
We irail an answer. 

is feed and bilge pumps and pi 

Tda S 


j rod Fai'ohs.— Fiecraan 4 Ca. fur- 
with Nteamer papers, at the earliest 

indebted io thn Alls. Espre« Cornpinj 
supplies of up-rirer papers daily. 

thanks for favors 

for til 
Tbe Noisy Carrier 

this week, 
J. II. Still furnished os with Boston pipei 
We arc also indebted to James McGinn 

English and Irish ppors.nnd for Fornev'sF 

delpbia Press. 

To each and all we tender our thanks, 
These kind friends that have sent us nstne 

our list of subscriber; will acccptour most grate- acknon lcJc.i 

1.— the larg.-l c.wiiii.- 
msde in iho irorld. 11 
of the Eamu kind in t 
Uiv.iB.fbr rrliieliitwasei 
the new Australian line of 


GOLD Debt Claimed.— William Lush, n] 
left a pur™ of rold containing over S*,000, son 
three years since, with Bull, Baker & Co.. 
Shisu, has recently made his appenranco ar 
claimed his deposit. Xotbing having been heard 
from him in Iho interim, he mi supposed to be 
dead. It apprtrs iliit, considering his money 
safe, he had kept on mining at Cation Creek, 
Trinity County, and not troubled himself to in- 
quire further about it. 




if U 

FLOWER and nth 

SEEDS, a.erre 

ia; ara^K th 




op 0(1537. 



.J.I A. Wanas 









call at 


at ou, -.!!.». li 


r BEOISTRT OF 5T0CK.-A11 «1 
5ed a Regular at uur OBm, fur 


salvo. It does nal begin and end hy simply 
'kin n in" over an ulcer, or discharging L> ■ ■-- rnlr.c-s 
..f nilhtnili.Ti from the entitle. On I he contrary, 
it sinks with the aid ef gentle friction, to the 
creatlTt Mum of the disease in the flesh, the 
fibres and the larger bloud vessels, and expels it. 
Sold si the manufactories. No. 80 Maiden Lane 
New York, and No. 24-1 Strand, London ; and by 
all -i r: 1 1.- l- i -t.--. at -V.. 0'*jc.,nndSl per pot. 

Ancient Epitaph.— Tho following eras copied 
mora Ihnn thirty years ago. from an old book, 
and is rather belter than tbe initiation! no oc- 
casionally sec: 

No more shall ropy bait perplex mr brain ; 



San Francisco, California. 

the attention of the Trnvolte e P 


mi to allot the m 

Is Cqnbbhptiok Curable.— H'e c-tnnot doubt 
that in mam- raw:- of Mated Consumption i 
has btJL-n t.-!i"---c tu-.J fululv by Ihu n-e of the Wild 
Cherry preparaiion of'Dr. Wisbir. lis hi " 
effects are certainly wonderful. None ge 
unless signed I. Bolts on the wrapper. 


■tiOINij OUT 


Port Itlonnalcs, Pocket Knives, 

And tbat I mar ratio a SPEEDY elcaraneo, and elm 

til lot 

iffiiroliblnr j 
riti ill klnun 
parativelj trlHi 

if Faa 

rrlc.--ri, '[.,!> 

it pedigree. 
formation. Ibow ia.anlofch 

lohBflmqMinrtliiuin aU(Lil™er Mr™ t,iwn! 
■=kFunH!er'*;ierfeanai]i,r»BiaB!H 1 )oril«Uo!taJ 
•.loforoliitBH, IbcQacsl-ortof (he kind 
ibfrJinlbooiootrfpCMnnuboKen at car .ffico 

i . i °u», 1 «™ 0t,lT, '*~ P -' ,, °' *** ^^ / " , ' k '"- 

■a bouIiI Invite loveri of iho beaolifnl to call and 

. ■ I-..I- UlBcliticrr>- StcJ„ 4 | 

tilt ciofe -e„] rni □,„. w&Ar, nl ua k , 
oddittL Price, )L WAlUUiN 

'"■,' , ■■ : ^'^■■' !"'f'''-i:-i"K anick-s a.Iveni-ed in 


1,000 j 


""""'^'" eg a 


rtoek ceaiirls ef all kiciuj of Books, such as 

Histories, ltiugrapbies, Tiavels and Adtei.turcf 

Theological, Poetical, Mechanical, Agricultural, 

Scientilic, College, School, oud Terl Books; 

No ids, ic. 

Blank Books; Letter, Cap and Nolo Paper 

of all kinds. Entclopes, Inks, 

Gold and Sice! Peas. 

In ihort, oTorylhlnr; In th« lino. Ai an oaracit of m 

iatentlioi, r subjoin a Hit of prioei of a foit iteiai no 

BiorjtbiBKolia -ill be ■oltl oooallT Istr. In proportion : 

Price! anally nld at Prices now mIUjuj at 

BUok Book,, f quire, Buink book.. 9 calrr, 

frame »id|IS0 (rwJ1 . 1(( , o| , 

tenerPiper.V rcuo, Uitcr Pei-r, i> mm, 

K' paek> : ci>i3i. M Vp™si|e7fa? ] 

Hpeulnj Book!, - . . . ro apcUlB S B«,kft . . . . I 
CopjBojkl.JrflliBralai, ta Copj- Booki, wlih conla, p 


Or.bujh-e b.,e a tW ard. of Five Huaa,^ m , nol 

'o8ir. otc, and are luipwed 
niec carefully the nlajjip, on 

dclljbirol prrfamo. Tbo L 


Far Kamilies or Single Gentlemen, 
during- their rejourn in this city. 


««e AjentatSacr. hm,-iiI-. I'i 


Journal of Rural Art and Rural Taste. 

(Co.m.T.&id t, ilj in, erlrenUot A. J. DOIW1.V0.) 

Conaoctod by J. JAY SMITH, Editor of tie North. 

American Eylva. 

'"Hilv (.f.f'l I j ii I ir.-i -.Jill. ,.| ,, .,!,;.. .1, I ,r I, „. .. 


;i (boj 

u for in 

r l'ork, Box 

« bal, 

Phi lade Ipbii 

Sow Is the Iline for JBnreatnN. 


ireel, nut door to A. Kohlor. 

1E0 Wa.bir 




UlX-EIVK Sl'KCIAI, AND GEMEn.ll. I)f:|.|j..| 
Pay UK IIlsUul Prl«. tor Cla flu... 

die ou (JOLfJ DUST noelr*] f ur Ajmt or 

Coln> TC m tbo Unitod-Slatei Mlot. 


lend to Collection,, «j}J-r.„« a Gancal Banklnr 

,„.„- ^ ""'^s m. THOi,nim S i co. 

.^= r c Melon and Cucumber 

Sugar Beet and Chinese Snznrrs.,- 
"- ana f 0r Miont 0U r office. ' ,u " "™ VI 


The Leonardi CauJiilowor; " 

1 '"', .■!,"', ', ! H,.. ' ' ■' ,: ;' '"■ ■■■■■' ■■'■■'••-■ i <-.., 

pound v^, i j;, """ °°iv^^f^' "£"' fg • 'Pi». 

L^i|..-lr,L-L|.l.:| ^c 

■;■: si ■'!(„,;.■ .,';,.! p.°;„iV.'. , . 

J.I.-.ll/JI,N.[,.-. i l«..]>-..m 1 ! J .. 


* 1 l]l Hd-.r .- , .-up., '.y . ;..-:■ i.p-.-rl'-. L i'!-' lln p [ornnfnt, of iho 


^LM-.J'r,:'; 1 ^:. ,"':.■",.'.::. ,;n':,u,l';^;/"'; " d r,; 


TKHMS- l™l)oll»ri.jMf; Four Coplc. Tar SI* Dol- 

tB»** l. i: .-,.1:1.-,- « „i to the A«nt.,or 
to militiiT rK.msAi.r. smitu. 

Hot 17, 19, and SI Minor «ject, EnuadElfUla. 

WARREN i: CO, Atrnuj for Ihc nbota iiork Tor Celifor. 

IVc.Llo^i,,,, ,1™ (up .uur.). tr2 




TTuillbedcrcJr,|[oLITi:iLlTi;HE, ART, n„] POLITICS. 

'" a n f T '&t n , °a"m?S" 

jlri... -1. In Tl;i- '.-.iv (.17 1,1. | .? ;,, u.i',.^ il.,-ir l'.:n-:itil 

^1 WiiTeml^oMo te'ih^p,?^ 

(j,M- .ii".'."";'l, «f. ' h i?. ™ I j,:!; 1 "t!' » '™™h„ ^;^? 




BHHffinjBBHRHnnNKd^nV. : . =i , 

""T«toeiliniod. n "' "" Tiomi It". p«(aoI! 0y ' 

rtujH.— Tfarwlolli;. tj-rsr.ot Tu-.-.,ri-.ri..i Ci-ni- 1 Nij,. 
■1. _l :,..,!■ I:.-l.;.!j!(...-I ..! li ..;,. ■!'■.-... l'..,-,.Ho,l ,\ ..,.,,,,. „ r 

!>!•*>=«"• Bje. Prejudice 



T h ™„, J ;7ifi7td ! V un "" iTrf ft ' pl0,ldid 1 " f0rt 

Silk and Ubhind Vests; 

Silk and Mkkl\o DitAn-Ens: 

Misses' dIewko Vbstb- 

UnlLod s inti, by Drupgbti 

IlOV.l' MtlllMj VllETri 

Imhies and Child lens' IIo.iiEKr, *c ao ■ 

o^drtdrc, npen.«eel 

The Best AsjKjrtment in San Braneiaco 


LADIBS' LINEN tnada to our uwn order, much 

Attention, Farmers 
Brondcnnt Grain Sowers. 

I'rice, Ua, !l& ta'fflft "ffjft, j, 8 BACm 

mi^LmSSlS 11 ,' Harrow " 

d bano K1 -d, nn.! [1 

I l 'r"ir'-\',!n- 1 "" 1 "'' 
■■■-Mrr 1'Jir.iWnrt. 
niiaiil and Drum 

V.. WHEELER, 6 a fertile ndca- 


iprlcniri of Sawmill., Grt.lBiIII,, Htciohoou, and oit 
laerr, tbrouihouIlboSmciappLcdlnqunntlUc.toiv 
ualliy ^uanuttcn] Io dI] rue*. 



f& B. II, BENNETT, &, CO., 

£L Produce Cemmiiiiea Merehanti 





.-."'! r /i'i'.,' 7 Li,iy '■ irn ' ! "" j io " ,i " ""* '"f'uo 01 

"b. soBonoss, 

l«SMr»mcoto.ircol, atwio Montpuneu-. 
O. S. Reii-latio* Swords ; 


U. H. Iti:„n.AT l „.V Samies; 

Epaulettes, En B u , nKBIM „ r 

i' ii>ii 



N'tSaam In "' - S '" ; ' Jll ' ,l: ^. 

Odd PeUowt' Lod'p^id Encampments 

Fan,l,b- t oliti FJiLL SETS alio— r „,!.... n.„„ j..„ 

«*• Btyoold.. l. T. H, Howell. 

Prooneti and Qeaeral Comminlon Morchanta 

ni»odeiD«Tb)« re :.T(t^(;iKj,. n ,iw,„!,i 11 ,,.,,...., 

•_ _^ iS-J 1 

^ C. 0. HDNTEll" 

Who WauU a Cbeap Fiaiio 


Tnlon-Oity Flo 

'. I'luKilco, 5c[. ? 




Slralni of the horn P" 1 - ff_, 
2"Aoa hull b™oi 

.god looks of tooae.! 

And CD 

ool doth a 

wily (rota thj homo .11.11 
Ihj poet broirio bread,' 
d ii i ■> thai [■ -riin c oft d 
iind then ibi clrutario j 

is : Tbwo over b»e 

«, food jot flsotios area 
U ttitl I ""ship I at *»T ihtio* I boT, 
Tnoo art the Ida), Hit thou to my voir. 
Thoarh.hado.T. d«P WHtUi o'« Or *W^*** 
net .eaHtort™. w« <bo d«f fonrtaln of l«7 aoar. 
JlirTot.uoo blifM, «d Mood, sre- «« «* """SO ' 
Fobs odm belraj, anil Earth oo r'tf " Dd 
To ituoli law from U>» « ia ™ ld '* ,rilhcrlr " - Ki " n : 
Ooo lru» and ooaitant luart romalnj, to blow Bitb hoik 


to do* liocloorli ol 

is beautiful and happy us an Unaniai* 
dream of Hea.em in the one. coso the near 
shrinks at [ho name, in Dm other il is tho """S 001 

,de and barbarous tnsto universally P«™yy 
Has nations advanced in eiviliMt™ n * 
me attached lo iho mote enlighten^ p hW<™ 
uar, cultivated by the P^'^, ejected 

ull d eciences, the;-, almost. ,n^»«M*. J f or 

their redo P.-.M1. ' , 

'["the p^tne, tb. ct.tertsinm.nts may 

lividvdinlo Ihree distinct nrgantzatioas : the 

physical, tlio elocutionary and the musical. , Il» 

P fhysicsl embraces the cin»» and all iU 

,. ,,',. .:. .r.ij-lim'iits, and when conducted in the 

,,,,„;. L ,, ir it, ezewises a moat healthy and in- 

f are » c n l luted by 

God in his intinito wisdom, that our mental and 

bodily powers require equal and impartial alien- 

- ii and if wo wish to become men wa roust 

fdrcol, in our ansiety toattain tho summits of 

■lleciual supremacy, that our muscle, and 

physical powers require and tkmand Careful and 

constant training to onoblo us to work out and 

•arry Into execution tho plans of the mysterious 

Hind. What bools it to a man if ho in possessed 

,[ all tho acquirements and learning ohi Newton, 

f by physical debility it is 


[HoH rapKtfollj- DrflMtoi '"■J* 1 * * E 

I have lore for each fail foatur*, 

Tbit I fool an exaltation 

Whoa J boar thoir soup .:f uirtb 
I lata the ajei thai tparklo hrlehl, 

. j if, by 
,bbed of tho re- 
lit of years of industrious ciertion and unre- 
ining toil ; il ho is compelled to end hi;; <1 .t ■ 
, an inlerioi position in life, "lien he luiphl hruo 
attained an eminent one; if ho become, the in- 
mate Of tt lunatic assylnm, and die an I f.,r 
and an unpitied maniac. Like the nm:iiili.:,ni 
palaco of frost-work reared upon n Rij.-i.ui plain 
■iy onu of iho Czars, he may exist lo dszilo with 
.'snlenJiJ light.a few f-horl months, and then, 
iaviiit; no (..uudalion of strength, 
hioa and tho flowers, thn warm 
sinking birds como, alas ! where is iiu ■. 

Physical Strength, irbeneTCr and howorer ex- 
hibited, ilii.i-.-.f.r..-. in an cnli-J.teiK'd country, is 
rarely doTOid of intetest, excites attention lo a 
necessity of its cultivation, and incy L- .in. nn 
important and influential agent in tbe haodJ of 
progress. But where it was used as by the Re- 
mans in thoir gladiatorial 'shows, and 

mil and tbi 

iflecd ot Ihe shrino of selfish and dis- 
EustiUL- passions j or when it is used as at present 
' a Spu.ish boll fight, it becomes roioliing ' 
. jrv ihiuking being, and must eicito a feeling 
intolerable abhorrence in the mind of Him wl 
sees all things. Then again it'is opposed to every 
principal of humanity; a counter spirit lo orcry 
workingof good, and will lead.suroly and directly, 
any people inlo Iho paths of vicoand degradi ' 
cover their colloscums wilh tho dust of ruin 
their bcarth-itones with Ihe ashes of extii.-uMK-l 
Bres. They may pre birth lo Homers, Virgib, 
and Ciceros, bui itnillavail them not; tbora 
will perch upon Ibeir ruins, and history ol 
will enable them to exist, if, indeed, they 
allowed to esisl at all. 

Tho elocutionary amusements of a people wield 
tho poatest power in our lime, and it is a powr" 
that, as before, is either good or cril. 

When the transcendant geninsof n Sink p n 
presides, its lessons ore of wisdom ; but whf 
immorality— when looseness of principle is i 
the slightest degree smiled at, woe bo to tbe land 
that cocoorages it; for, like Franco and Ilaly, 
vice will hold her court where ber pathway i 
with admirers, and where vice ic, happi 
innot bo. The lecturers of a communil 

[hem or not, Lbo foreign words. I shall take Iho 
liberty, wilh your permission, to deriolo from a 
rule that is considered almost universally rid- 
iculous, and sin.- f.-r i this incomparable Scene. 

in a language, that Wadsworlh calls "a magnifi- 
cent one " our own— tho Inneungo of Sbakspeoro 

DI1 3. My nest seleclion, I think, will affor^r 011 

tfr. Comer 

, ,=,.,.^tand touching melody, by 
io Musical Director of the Boslon 

,jU( n uriii-, v.jrv j.rettv :-'■";-. ^ ul 
rt given to tho world ostentaliously 

ss and Q< 

a grave 

4 If the Italian composers haro won for them- 
selves Ihe applause of the world, they have not 

u,.ni entirely ilio nuii.tle t.l ,,.■,, iihirity, and havo 
l, vC n -u,ve>-l.ille c<.ii,|.,te.i wiLli hv r.o.i'h-li .'■■ui- 
posers, of no inconsiderable attainments I know 
of no selection more favorable for a display ol 
their merits lhan the two I shall now have t - 
pleasure or singliic; for you. Ainalic i- :m ")'- 
of Tory great merit, and "My Boyhood's Hum' . 
for reeling and benny, is not interior lo many of 
Hie lii.'.-i gems of iho Italian school. 

5. "Whero other Lips." is from tho most 
popular opera on IheEnglish singe 

finest ballad ovor written. Its design is ooo 
int does Infinil- homr t" th" C'.n'-rous disposi- 
on of tho author, nnd which nhtnlnod for him 
universal popularity umnng tho lower clnssos 
of England. Poor Carey, like too mnny men 
of gonius, died in penury and wnnt, and his 
friends only onmo to his assietnnce when tho 
wild floworo wore blooming upon o paupor*B 
graro. Carey olwnya received largo sums for 
bis coin positions, but, kind-hearted and norm 
thoughtful of soif, ho always responded un- 
iparingly to every appeal of poverty, and would 

i I •■ .... i. i 'i •■ i - ■".* 

bis generosity. Ho nourished about tho year 

arc that carried Bnlfo to fortune . 

n that wo find a w 

Ladiis akd Gentlbuin: It is with an over- 
powering sense of onworthincss, that I appear 
before you Ibis eveDing, for it is no inconsider- 
able undertaking, and brings inlo action no in- 
ferior amount of talent, to successfully entertain 
an audience of lbo character! see before mo now; 


i that e 

nearly always discriminating, and hence rarely 
Eubjtcl lo fits of churlishness or ill humor, j 

I shall do my best lo please you, and in doing 
my best, can offer yon n 
earnest hope that I shall be able to afford you 
Eiihi.a.": stratification, and place in tho possession 
of each memory some jewel that will not pi 
evanescent, and bright as the sparkling dew-drops 
of early mom; Eome flower thatisnoc 
to early fade and die. 

From tbe earliest antiquity, the publ: 
tainment of the people has brought to th 
Tation of tbe world an incalculable amount of 
genius that otherwise would have slumbered for- 
crer, and has required Iho unceasing assiduity of 
a large portion of the educated and their assistants, 
Who havo devoted themselves especially to this 
one object, for it is tho educated who alone can 
hope to please for an; length of lime ; and it Is 
Ibey who are allowed lo oiorciso a vast and im- 
mensely powerful influence upon the public mind. 
This influence is either good or evil, and history 
enables us to draw, with distinctness, the line of 
■ev.-t'jn those things that derate 
: higher and nobler feelings, and 
lorago the brulaland demoralising 
leii'jiTieitH oi the moliilode. This should be a 

F'lhj.-t r.t c-p'-.:i;,l i[ri[|.JrUtl-t., [.KH.-ll, rhf,-,|, |..f. ; 

■ livs -tioul.l aiv.Mti..-iratleiiliont'j it, anU 9 ti»l. 

tbu result of their miestigalions for tl,.j l, ir ,,i|i „\ 
mankind- Government should in aki ' 
roynt of lbo people Iheir etmrg.-, i.r 

aro capable of exerting 

an important in 

and when, like Ohalm 

msgniBcent altainmcni 

and Ibeir cxarc 

pies are 

ire intended lo 

bot when, like 


)wen and Chas. Fourier, their philosophy is so 

us, they should b 

Kext and lastly can 

o the musical p 


era of what is en 


:o adminisler lo our happiooss.or Iho po 

*n tha- 

power of music i 


of CI 


In it 

An seldom 

always pure and 
holy, and it is impossible then for iis lo 
be degrading, or its promptings to bo otherwise 
than eminently calculated to inspire us with 
sentiments of virtue and wisdom. It Is tho 
Urometer of civilisation, the indicator of pros- 
perity, Iho guardian angel of religion, nnd Ihe 
only portion of mortality that we are taught by 
God to expect in another world. 

Looking then upon music as the assistant oi 
ill that is beautiful,! enter upon my duly ol 
.iii.Ttjiniiig you this evening, wilh a conBdenot 
.hat I could not otherwise exjiect, ccrLain thai il 
i am untqual lo my subject, that at least will cx- 
ii. your feelings, and afford you food (or pleasant 

A musical entertainment should bo varied st 
as lo suit the peculiarities of each of my audience 
and I have therefore divide. 1 mv tvi-ninc, mu 
three portions: the first to be devoted to upcraiic 
lbs second to ballads, and tho thiid to comii 

1. It is very soldi 

Mad. Soiling's appearance, rank and gonlUB, 
willing to r.-uppi'iir updil the publio slii^e, ul- 
trr hiiving uttnhicd a di.iii.g.ii.-heil pesiiiipn in 
social lifi- ; in who, if =ho in compelled to do so, 
complies with JtMiny oln-fri'iilly and uiin-. [lin- 
ing. It is very Boldom that wo tind nil instance 
or such wonderfully preserved powers, but 
Mndamis Sontng was no common woman, nn J 
claims tho admii' of oil who e'on sot ti vulu 
iipfjii iinlepvndeiico of chnrnctor and oxtrnordi 
nary Inlents. In honor of hor have I 
this F.inln^ie, and you would all, I am sur 
hear a slight trihutfi, if you know her, to tl 
ouiiuliililv'aiid tinr^-v of tho Countess Rossi. 

2. How beautifully is iovo expressed hy Mu- 
sic — its dulicnoy, its refinemoiit, its purity of 
character synij-ir Li!---.-, v.- ill, (I.,, divine ort; nnd 
when they aro in company they seem as united 
as naturally as the moS3 to the stem of tho rose, 
I reeollnot an incident that occurred under my in eoiintction with "Kathleen Mn- 
vourueen," that will ho interesting to many. 1 
was visiting in one of the most enchanting vil- 
lages of Vermont, nnd often amused my ortr- 
nings in stealing nway from tho busy cireli>» 
around each door porch, and oiijoyiiic umlis- 
turbod the silnnt but impressivr. uml lunching 
influence of nnturo by moonlight. The evening 

soiling through tho wandering clouds, Hkn an 
nngtl'iiiirit tl, r.iu u: Ii the V.illi-v ol" Death, seomeo 
indeed tho typo of purity nnd beauty. Its ail- 
very beams slept on lbo glossy und lake-like- 
waters of the Connectiout, and seemed to c 
like a status of a beauteous babe upon n tobl 
of black marble. Every nosr and then u lo 
s'jfi (;uri.'li> would pli-u-;iotly upon my it. 
and I could easily iiniigini, uism-H li-l.-niie.: 
tho whit-purof n I'niry. Near svhore I stliod w 
a cottage, almost huritJ l.n.-ni-otli tho clusteni ^ 
flowers of tho ssreelly smelling vines. As I 
mused I noticed a man lunniug upon thu gn 
front of tho door ; his position indicated i 
train of thought, and my curiosity was at 
aroused, for I fancied that his features wi 
wild appearance. Suddi-uly ho iir.iiised him-i-li his mouruful reverie, and commenced in 
low, plaintive accents, the words of this sing. 
Ere ho finished, hi- heart mirrored iu-.lf in bis 
music, nnd I wept, fori felt that I listened to 
the last breathings of one whoso heart had 
broken, and gradually was withering as Iho lost 
rose-bud of a summer's day. 

3. "Jenny Jones" is ooo of the oldest English 
ballads, and is, next to "lilnak-Eyed Susan," tho 
most populor one with every sailor. I cannot sing 
it as Charles Molbews did of old ; but it will 
cull hack his memory to those who have listened 
to him. 

4. Tho sea, with oil its charms and all its 
perils, when it slumbers on a soft and sunny 
iiiion in midsummer, like a volcano at rest — or 
when it waves up its angry waters mountains 
high, aad dares the anger of the howling Storm 
King, has ever been the theme ol iho musician, 
tho poet and tho painter ; and many of our most 
celebrated songs, many of our inspired poems, 
and many of our glorious pictures owe tboir 
popularity to its varying phases, 

Ladies and g.-ntlrtnen. iooiiv .if von havo wit- 
nessed n White Squall, hut for those who havo 
never read such a pngo in Nature's book, I will, 
although an indifferent painter, sketch such u 
Hcuno: It is tho, on tho aftor- 
-'a day. Tho bright sky looks 

de mark al it 
those that 

c will bear o 



327 Chestnut street, Eff>S 

olfcri a complete etock of 

VEGETABLE STll'S, nil .:J l!,- [.urel qimlllj gTUWJ!, 
\v:i; -Mltis. N prt-ai inuiknJnr mr-ntleo 
I'. V" ", ■ 'l\ ' 'i ! , ! r'. :1 1 ^- ■' ' T 'l'- V >-t t- '■ r s vn h"l^ o • Jl"' '-_. [ ' Y-'l. Lhll iaT> : 

n.nv.uu ■ ■. - I- - r i ,\i., LJTRBE3 

li'nl'i.'--... li'.n.iT.-, AcJtc' 

ilalojisc, forwtrUHl on nppllcitlori. lO-l 





$ i enured prir* 

^- ."•*::::::::: ? 

BOOKS, &e. 

New Treatise on L-mA Survcjing. 

Z. C. &. J. EIDDLE, 


i Surveying, by S. Alsc-p. In this 

- tj It pUuBl; and e— — ' -- 1 

allied Id 5k, United . 

Cleveland's English Literature. Ticnity-fiflh. 

nill.'-l ii: i.NliUrtti LITIJUILUIK. IVens th" l-Jlb. to' 

" iV[.i.vj:i Mi'ir-t t'-;i;i.l^li 1,1 T t: n a ? i r r ^ '.i ' - 1 T 1 ",- 'i i V- 
Ni:iE-:'t'L'E :/rn ckstuiiv. a -t-nu.-i ....ii... u...,,,. 

for prtuMo 

-,||| .-r: U'lri 

•:i.,IL.i, L 

Ilnrrison on tho Riso, ProgresB, and Present 

Structure of lbo EnEluh L»nEUi(e. 
Tho Works of Thomas Dick, LL. D. 10 vols. 

lOmo. Foj' books are better odnrtwl fnr tho School or 
iP i fllUjLilj,iir>- : tLu,It.i'"..7l..f.tDr. Diok. 

M ,-:'/.,-: .-.„-.-■.., rJiuV-i 


;.;;:;;..;;; v 

'0, ,, 

r R.ililierrj-, 


j Ehnbarb, 


Bta feM™b.' 

BtrawborrieB: IIoic.v'< 





A'.' ::- 


nod, gS s? hundred. 

i. sit.. ,ii.i jl.; V if.f. .'-.-I. 

!,sly I, 

iliful f 

i chosen 

ably ii 
or evil 
spending fruit. 

The influence npon contmonltles may be popu. 

amusements of the Spaniards and Iheir cbst.ieier 
and at Ihe amusemcala of the Americana ant! 
thtir standing, In the Drit we tlud them on 
ronraging a brutal and disgusting taslc, and henci 
Gnd the tlciQCnU of treachery, revengo and im 
tr.ei3.liis- gruwins; into activity-, while in till 
other ci-e Ke Und ihe people disposed to pitronlio 
Iltu more reins, o; r, n .| L -n,nl |.|..-riiurc3, and hence 
roan; belter adapted 
inis-^ol CJt.,1. 

If Ihe Importance 
iii-ii-jl upon a peoph 
wo view thoir domestic cod 
the Tamily misery of iho 
general happiness ol the ot 

garden filled with lloweri of 
lovely hues and the most di 
the one is cheerless and <j 

ortbj im ..II... 
beings made in 

of public enjoymont ii 

1. My selections from N- 
because liollini has always been considered 
ol tho most remarkable men whom tho wurld baa 
pr ■■■lee..- il. Kiiiioenlh- gibed. |i»'i-es«J of a purity 
and depth of feeling, his music always leaves an 
impression upon the heart. Any one of bis 
operas would have created an immortal fume. 
AftSlillouia to English poetry, so ii Uellioi to 
Italian music ; and any perain who will carefully 
Study bis works must come to the conclusion 
that, both in com-eplinn 01 Im- dul.ject, in Ills es- 
quisiLa and poclio melody, and bis putily of heart, 

Of tho very many beautiful operas that have 
laud from the mind of Donizetti, none will 
a moro minuto esomination, will tench more 

•-le.riiiiie-1, i(,.. I,....,r...,. ...rv.ill iinpie-n itself tnorc 
■■ is I'll) upon ihe mind and imagination lhan tho 
Mp.-rj or l...ein ,lj l.jn.uiermoor. It abounds in 
1^:. u lit ., an.i i„ u Hii-jiu-i, ,,|- iVeling that is both 
exciting and fascinating ; il is one of the very few 
world-renowned open, that pltase and dclightone 
Jt the In-. Imsrine. it, h. i;. ,![,., a ,„j gentlemen, 
■ ■ ""-inot espeet thai tba Seen* I shall bavo 
of mii".!.^ for you, this evening, will 
unoundings of 
nil theater ; it 
ild pli 

gorgeous dl 
would" be fa 

it would do with al 

with svliiel, it 

lake iho I 
>•'<•» ■«> » «ut oi inem, nnd im<ii:iiis 
looking npon tho gandlly artuyed 


It is a custom, in singing these toleotions from 
Italian operas, to follow, whether wo understand 

tho shod" s'itlt a blue so deep ihnt Iho 
■ lire* u f giiiinp. and the spirits of Iho 
m sleeping. All is silent oioopt tho 
g of tho waters, as tho gallant ship 
pinngcs through them. Thu sunbeatnd ore lay- 
lug upon tho waves liko molten gold, except 
when they aro disturbed by eome sportive dol- 
phin, who, leaping into lbo air, dashes them 
about in a thousand spray drops, that flitter 
liko a shower of diamonds.' Tho n .,fi ami ie.hov 
air Booms to escroiso a lulling influence, nnd 
the voyager is'ed f..r oilier exertion tl.nn 
I. lil-lii.i; lie-.-, eiitlnsiiliiis custli., -,-,-liieli live but 
in tho fanciful imagination. Suddenly the culm 
bosom of the oeeau troubled, nnd eitoh 
wave attires itself ii. a robe of wliilo, and dunces 
about in fonUifltio motion. They oppr-nth the 
ship, and its they strike bor, m a uiomaa' ' 
careens, madly plunges, nnd goos down, 
into tho depths of tho unfathomed oooon, 



ii," o sometimes true pio- 
g of n talented mind, John 

»xt, too» l>lu<l,b«. PmasltUl ond NosTb'; 



OFFEft FOR SALE nn asortmont of Treol 
Plants which (lies- ante er.,11, f.. r Hi- ,1- ■-.< .11, 
id, by frequent tranijplsotlog 


... still |. L - f.. u i,.| 

o. ■!.;:>! r-.-[. 

117 'rnlton Street, - - - New York, 

ia»y pri."^ Ibor Dr. "hu', r>t)J.«lo D , r e™. 

ilVcU AN IC '3 'CALCULATOR— bj'iVm. Grin-coio- 
:DOMop rrissclplc*, Rule* and Tnbloi la tho vdHosi* Dc- 
i.|i: ."■[ .-!■-■-. .-r.r-.r ■■ ..r. L ML-chnnlCl 


l\TilliUi( Osutluci of Cow 




gj^Thli Utaatifut HorlcJiaj htitpublltluiiaj rrtattzj 

nrfiurpaiKJ Bii&lTigefl/itkini mrlttuii in Svrtpt 

For.slobj HOVEY 4 .CO, 

. II.'l'WlOIT & CO., 

Climatology of Iho United Slates; and of tho 

core ii token lathe 

jllH-istlDoof Fruit 

2. "Sally, Sally," by Lovor, is a good 
sorption Of a lovor'a quarrel. This author 
one of tho moat versatile imn svt.oin Irelnml l.o- 
[.ro.lue.d. Ii,. is an opal added lo bor cogkot 
of jewels. Any individual con attain euiiueiieo 
in ant thing hy working untiringly ami l,..|..|.,l- 
ly. hut thero nro fosv, liko Lovor, irh.. has- tl,.. 
ability to succeed in all things. 

i. "Tba Toothaeho" is ono of the funniest 
eomio songs over published. 

5. "Sally it, our Alloy.- 11,.,,,-y Carey, tho 
author of Urn eel.-l>r,.l,.,l hrdla.l "M„|L V ~m ....r 
Alloy,'' was ooo of tho most brillinnt and vor- 
sntilotnBnufhi, day— svlio, |, y hi- nlJ ,„. r i„ r i,t- 
tmnroeot- mi.l l„s .■■..-,■, .|i, l!: | v amiahl,. dis[..i-i- 
lion «-.,i, tl,.- hearts of nil wl,,, knew him. Ho 

was tho author .,1 seven, I mi^tos ivhieh h...-n 

very felohraied ; hat '-.-„ll v i„ ,,„, A ll,-v" i- tl.- 
only song which hos remim-d U„ n,,,!,!,',,, j„ the 
m. i .i.hir in.a.l. It 1, tho le.llad that won 
tho kind opinion of A.ldis,,,,, „„d fjarey was 

.•oo..ider,.r] peeohaily f.,rtu „ j„ having i.'l.a-ed 

so exacting n oritio. It is unqaestioaably tho 

The Ornamental Department 

't.-^.VnV^ Jj'jft rtrt ta- mrrliri* qMOIity.'tin 

The Exotic Department 

CouUlai il (no aissiiiatat of CAuittiie (Town at 

>';j-|.T. r.Th.ntsnn ,:.ll,i-l,.ii,| 1 .r|.l^.l 1 ;"noJ nil,, .:..„|. l i,^ 
"lllQon ] ,k»„„ n ,-„ r i„,|,. ,, „„.„. i.uii, . .,„.| „,.,. 
i.'.t '«■■".,-luc*.| l>.„n KuroiM, unDtinllr. Tlnio aro 
all omfullp e ,„* n for th.00 nho dmlro iiliut. of rfa- 

CATALOGUES or all ib.dBiartmoBli 11IH bo faroblied 
™ «,n. Otojt earo -ill bo takoa la p M kl D(r , on,l 
'e Jl ill I bo aollmrnd In Ken York, and. theaco ■hir-ecd 
ai ulromod. yB-16-u 

A|.|.iri„t; l,x- 

ili.1l, t|.,.iii„i-l ;-,- ] I. 1 11 .". ',. jj 55 

Louis's American SporL^ man. Containing Flints 

11.;,! .:,-., r.v-.i i i.'.'.vi !',[' .\ m :'n;";.""a 1 , |:i.;' '!"]' ['.'Jr/'n. 

llidigcnong Races of the Earth ; 

l.-r- el Lll.i, t -. i-,,l Jnr|iilr>: li..-|n.l,li.r 

'i'»l Li ^' !f J :''v"V"!i,.'.i'.. ';:''' t. ■['.''■" ,:i .'' 

5 American Gardaner. The American 


aHBo bai n°m ills.^- 

Livingston's, Batler's andBoss' Patent Mill* 

From tucntjr to tbirtj^i, loch™ dlmuolor. 
CLARK'S Faescn Bnan Sroi" CYLrKDER MILLS, 




And Dealers la 

- , WOOI3E13Sr- - W7 - A.KE, .5=0., 

Families', Hotel, Slilp, Farmers' and Ranchers' Stores, 

Pal up to Ordtr, and Ol Ott Lowttt Raits. 


FORDiuy, JEymyas & co. 





t;':.'cv :■--:"' ■ ■■ ■■■'■! '■' ■ '■ " : "'"' "' ''"•- nlitliiu. Th 
cL ,:,.', ,.l|. :..':, ! . ■■:■!. r,:._r!-i, V, ]■.. in"-. ].;\-r (-.v. ,■ 
< : .:r .r -II "I ^:,:i(,t t-: u -\ ...'j.ii.v.'ly, pr.7, ^o::ii 

FBHtikd in A™ Offmii Jiylo. 

trajby Hod go, 

I Oaaperfleld, Dambcy aj 

.,.■., r.-..l;,vl Iri.iiL TZ:.' l^r-1 ..rl .:[..-.] [.'■:.. I. . I, ■ 

•-■: -J'l lr', ..]::..N|:rl..ll |HI lL....lli.U T 

t.u! I- l',:ir,.l ,, r .-..,r : ,i:i,!K j,i, : i,- | ^L.IL^'-. 

Tii:: r lift.. n : ; DU- !*.:[,•' Wirl^ In r-.-.T- puv:[. I.'. 1 rornj'l- 1|-. 
1.!]..: il,,' r,in.. r L ,.| >..,:!o.,V ,..■.-. br,- nr.l r. -i'Ll., I j ly [ -.', 

Pitltiriclt Pui-cn. | Sietcboibr "Dot 

Ki:ll.i]j. .Virkl.-1-J. I " '■■ "■■■'■- 


Ill oik Hottw. 
LitUo Dorrit. 
Dumber n°d Son. 




Kartot Square, corner of Bush and Harkot strtcU 

AT .!,.. .,'■ .r- ™,l. mny I." niinuftcmpcd 





Stills, Worms, Brew Settles and Heaters, 

lilt and Force Pumps, Brass Work, 


Dealer in Agricultural Implements. 

HARVEST, 1858! 

UirooLv ilu.],:,. 
.M.i. rim' 1 ■■--'■■ 

;■ -r--!.i.: , .l .,;■. .' ■'■ , ,"-.i ;. -.,■;.; i; I 

" " H.LJ i'Lre--.., : Hill C.!( !j M 



Till--' LI .''. 1 £■ IN TUritTErN VOLUMES, msj 1, 

i 1 ,'"".'.; '' '■' ''"'' "' '"-'' '' ' V '" v I "''■' : ■ ^ ■ *" J ': i ,r,,! '■ '■':' 

Llilln Dorrit 
Fiekwiek Papers. 

I; :'.■": "u.-u" ta ~ 
l'.ii- I'-.-pi-niDeld. 
Douboy and S*-n. 

' iioaleitll. 

C — : ■■.■>'■■_ ' ! ■:■..!-.. .Jl; :■ . ,,,j 


- « '■'■ ii'j 1 ,. 1 ..',;:',': r.?';- 1 . 1 ,';.:; -.' : 


Stllcllt, by "BOZ?"' 

: - " illV'v'.'^ir'^Jl 

Price ;. 4 t«jri fa ^fSj^SSSl^?. W M 

Ir'?:. :7-;^- : ii^ruU ; ^K 

Pahlu.lirfanaibr.lsbi T. B. PETERSOW & BROTHERS, 

^ So. 300 Cljcrtimt ,(r«^ EDOVO TWld( puiT-rtDELPHlA. 


Mill Machine^ 


in Francisco Brass and Bell Foundery, 



~T^ATn.'Q creeled u- Rood .hop, with ficillllcj r.tst 
maOBf«Wrlai,-A^i™i™r4f'lioJto™Dlj', B I t'skawlo 

n« cJi^rlcnMd mo 


Vila a 

io Ihnl 

] Id Iho ninnufututtDE bulnoti; 
tboSlllaDrWImnilo, In Ibn dnivn of hor sronlosTi- 


Ever Jlidi In thli, 

Thcrcfcro, -rllb ray cj|wil(iico T and s knoFlediro of tbo 
unlry (.ibich «* dlir.roM frou n<ut lb it 1 can nod irill dii much for 

thoinlr.T.-:-i- ■■( lb,. :■,„■, i,:ul i i:r.,[.. „r thi.. omnty; nndin 
my i-lT..rl- 1 ir.i-F I .lull n,..-.-l -illiit ,:■■ : .l .1, >re .,f ,,,- 
'rt'ilBfi! fr..m tbo fLiriii.rr.T..| ill InltTf'liJ in llii- mm. or, 

.ndinthi.- Inier-r' mid ■! i: vcli -p.iucnC it ibo n -ri'-ijlluriil 

mpravement of torStolo. 
I deilno, and bato under nay, tbe nutnnfMlnrUie of 

1,000 Cast Sled Cnlllbrnln. Flans; 


: ; i a j 



and Implements* 

eta brougbi to uji mArkcl, cmbradca ifl tho 

Gang's Cocks, Cylinder Cooks, Oil Globes, 
Steam Whistles, Hydraulic Pipes and HozzleB 


122 Eouff Wharf, 

Sooki lor AcconnTanta 





rat ,£ssr si gjis 

E ^ 8 ltHt^ ,W FoaUcp Uf3 

I ,..,:.,. "'' l'Kket" -g 




12a Eoiip; Wliarf, 

sja-isr rKAMoieoo, .a-i 


Comer or Mow 


: I-TTliT '] 
Intl.- -.■,■.. 1 

JtJ„:.'..| I T 

, T . f !F,. , ;! ,1 -. T .'V' Ii "-'"[ r « Vi.i'ini-jiypj 

^ For Sale by Bradshaw & Co., 

p.^iii-i;;- ,„ 

Sliced Apples. 

SO n / LF BBLS - <" lta Dice S] 1 "^ 

-'V. fiub, ninnsii 


Of [toek cntire-lj <o]«rlor lo any ovor ttorked koforo In 





4c, &c, .io. 
In addition Io nhnt I muaroclnro, I ehn.1l conslinllj 
• j.-^iv.i, - JtayWrnrnlj, iV..,d tit" b.-t mukeM of tb< 
I. i-1.. rn .■,[,■! « .:.-(■! m .-.Mil, .: r:,..r,.:..| it bleb cm noirdal 

eoo ciisrciisrijji.Ti 


point oflrao motit and n-ortb, nltocotboi 

■ iytLOr Iban anyul 

PleiM favi 

and mo for t 

n-ilMn iUolf.alroaJy pro'vldo Iho farmer Kllb Im'nlcmenti 

lite. All of ;.. 


■ and SMrnLioiito rire»bf' 
Sun Fmb 


A'atlve Wines and Brandies. 




MeCORMICK'S REAPER.. ..IbJaanivcrsilIy 

HUSSEY'S REAPER.. ..Baltimore mato. 


"FELLOW CITIZENS; r'bn,™ li*n<l uidqiic Ton aijin 

,,, V ,0 ." l .™ Te Ji' >ri "" i For-TY-NiKE. i,=v, ,, j; .-.; t , 1 ,, : , 
. , i,.l.i'''r , ,! , M , ;''ii | Mu-r" \ V a,j ■'■''■ :,,: [ i " L ."■ ,, '•■■ u ' c 

enable" ^''"'"^"^ 1»«">°--'C0 ant . 

''"■■, -ll -I m; .].,,. : ,..rL-,'. . ' I ■■ . -'J I . I ' . ! V ', ",;i ',',' i ''.",', 

L K.ttilill.Jml LegtUmai. 
ro that tbo: 

OrST aj Iboteiil 

rwiiggini _.. .. 


■ ' nDOOTOIlan-U riKl-.i. 

: „ . JroaclK and u Doclor, and 

D^VB'n7i'n«V nn V'' 1 " ;, '" J ■■■''■' ''■"•■■ I'i^ed o|, tbo 

.. '' !l ' : '; in -' ,! '',- ''f"'-""-^!'! nil, and Ihnttho pooplo 

rtib «f=t / ™i-iu'h D V^rt" n cii^ i rir n,>crirt;o ' u md 

Bf ° lb %£'"£^- ''^M^tm^S^a, and of 

reC'.-iicJ ILo .1 

I. L. P0LUBMD3. 

SparhJlnp; Calirornla 



Lyon & Co.'s Brewery, 

103 Jeula itreel. 

a^V,rSr D fS3^roo1»sr 

3jg|tballbeyareh 1 .,da 1 ,, [ vr; ; .|. , ,n , iV:.. 
BSS'W^nloii„i, 1 ,ly 1 h eo[ d,r.lhatare^^ 

0„r..V:.l in 

potltlnn- • ^ ' "' »i'i""'™nori!OiB- rfiSSriij? inietneot of U, public 

' LYON & CO., Emnlro Bi 


103 Jou 



Dr. C. M. JACKSON, Philadelphia, Pa., 

tfTt-I'm-NSON- ,\ HII![iR.\r.L'S S, nnti 10 horso 

TllllKSHhli AST. HE.'; \ |., r .-o ni.,.,.'|.J 

Ti.rc.bcr, wltbU.olniproTcmcau. " * 


E£PTliATOIt....T;,b I, „ .,-ry- ,],-..„,b!o Tnrcbcr f,r 
fi oeJ (UbbcllDD. B ° UP ^ fit "' ™ rC '" llliH111 B 1 " 

"• ...areoily1inpmted*erk«joiu-. 

RY'S 1 tind 2 horse THRESHER, WITH 

■Kay lies' " Ueadlag Maclilncs or 




FERRAGO'S 8 and 10 horse PLANET POW- 

i'E^-.;.. I':.-. ■!■■_■.. )■■■■! !.'.■ ,:.., .,.:.-.■ :,| [,„.,.., l: , „.... 

BOOAftDUS' 2, 4, and bono do do, 

EHEBY'fl 1 and a bono TREAD POWERS. 

The Celebrated Boston Steel Clipper Plow. 


TI»e Peoria Slecl Plow 

itantly on band. 

Ultolbo rcraolot piruof tbe rooi! 

n FluJhe.' of Hon, "aiimi"' 
1„,,,.:N...,.-. .,} Eyi| 

I- .IlKWr, In cilllaj iKe'u^aUon nf Hi. ™HI. .,. .!.< 

.'-.-' ..■■. ■■-;■■■■'■ ,,•■■■..„ ■.,;,. ,:;„,.:.. p. ,'.;. ; ::.';;'; 

!',■,;■,';',.",.,',"";■.!' .''!,: ,'.' ",'. l , 1 l r . , ""i'.' I ; Ai -" •'■■■', ". ■'■■■!■■.'.,' -u'". 

■■■'."', i r,,, l 'i; , r ' ■■■'■- '•'■■■'i" .r'.:! ."'.".'.v'Vj';'. ;".', i;"'.''.'.''..'.'.: 

,'v.: :!"l'.'.,„„';i,v v',V-'|', 
- "■ 

V PRESSES— Sercndilira; bet mat 
no. CDTTLI1J— S!itu],l:o«,Itli,.|. 

Gfi.lNTa lillAIN l.l;AI)I..:--[nf, L ,', 



2?oSS5 Srafe , ^~ '° ,s 

Field and Garden Seeds 

Ofererj d^rlp^oa, ela ». U«™-Od.^rt pent flSST,. 

Bteam-Engines, 4 to 15 Horsa Power. 

SulP,ulo (or Ranrhe. or Mloln E parjaKi. 

^SVJJS 'li^'* "^" um s toncs - No r«' 

B . U aJ^!'[aoX C10th DQd Pwfcin e— A " ,[in ds 

nARDWARE-Tho best stock in the Stnto. 
MINING GOODS— All kinds in uso. 
Baling Wiro— Annealed, 
lay Rope— Best Monila. 
■i n ,I.«o n e5-Ti C 5t flrMgrf ^f o n Bcoi;,,. from 

aebc. u. 4 foot Olamc^ pockB , 1b w „, ,„ ..^j^ 
d'™. Tw'°5l, A ""' nr(il ' 1 " f '"' r '"'-'osing Gnr- 
Wooden Ware— In e 

Borta., Hewraro - S 



F A. E M E R. 

Letter bom New York. 

TOO* EdiBrr/llt CfliyWa far—** 

It UperfretW useless to talk any longer about 
tho climate of California, or at least lo <--*- m aD J 
wn; yreaf advantage over other ' digffiiie;*." 
We are hivinj; a perfect California, winter here, 
■sith plenty of rain, warm w<*lher, mU ddy street 
fog, moonshine, gaslight, nod darkness thrown 
"free gralis for nothing." 

Tho oldttt inhabitant, it Is supposed, started 
on the last sterner for the- south, to ewnnne the 
taring of the machinery that twists and turns 
arid jostles our little earth. He is approve 
that there is a screw loose somewhere, and fears 
a general breakdown ; hence the Jooraoy. Tou 
will please take note of this matter, and keep a 
beetle" more quiet about California weather; for 
here, in Now York, on the 20lh of Jannary, 
conld write in a comfortable 
window np, if— it was not qui 

The nowa for the lost fortnight hi 
and interesting f,om all parts of the world All 
Americans arc no* deeply interested in the pro- 
ceedings of Congress- Some think Kansas w.ll 
bleed longer, and some think A will be more 
comfortable. She and several other young ladie*, 
propose knocking at the door of onr capilol, to 
join our little family cotcrio. U any ef them 
prefer to bring a few colored people with them 
£.«;• unonthom a little, nodi the novelty of 
let them do it; and 
any help, all right. 

r with my 
: chilly* 
ss been varied 

, „ ..„ .Lo-aorl lives were lost, by some ■.- 
ounW and bf o.hcra someBw or sis, and others 
till climate the number aa high aa fllteen or 
wenty thousand. From India tho news isfntor- 
Mc There were some thousand rebols slain at 
Lucknow, and thoy arc, in most of tho districts 
' tbo lato rebellion, now subdued. 
Tho English and French were both to attack 
inton early in December.' Each nation has a 
quarrel of its own. but will fight together. Tho 
Uliinejo havo lately become very arl.itr.iri' and 
uel, and need some wholsomc lessons. Uncle 
iru '.ill pmbauly look on and sou thai tbcru i.i 
ir play, and ha™ an eye to the lea interest of 
his country; for England and Franca muy be 
..Mip.l tiiijrmk c-M.-i: unless Brother Jonathan 
ipply them the pure article. Whyd"""" 

their new position 
if others prefer to t 
Oregon it seems is delermi 

Wbotesale Produce 
Wbnt, f> ™i, W 75 a tSM I Ponsoc 

ibably most or all of the others, 
seeing her elastic step, and the ruddy glow upon 
hervouthfulcheel(,wiUfollowhcre«mplB. The 
President teem* dttiraus of pleasing all parties. 
I am afraid bo never read the story of the Parson's 


If there is to be war with the Latter-day Saints, 
it will bo prosecuted in tho spring in the most 
vigorous and decided manner. Oar troops arc 
now all in snag winter quarters. 

Tbo Kansas question and the return of the filli- 
buster Walker, hove been tho two fru ejects of the 
most importance before Congress the past week. 
I think Kansas will havo her own way, and 
TTalker won't. 

Have fallen in many of the States. In some 
great damage has been done by the floods. They 
have had a terrific storm in Now Orleans, which 
aid much damage to shipping at the wbarres, 
booses, fences, &c, also killing a onmbir of per- 


Goes bravely on. When red flannel skirts were 
Erst mentioned in the presence of the "bon ton," 
there wis a wonderful 'puckering" of pretty 
aristocratic mouths; but damn "Fashion" basdo- 
cidid that red flannel skirls arc tbo very thing, 
for queens and empresses to wear; and as our 
ladies are all queens, tbjy feel in duty bound U 
dress like queens. TFby abould they not 1 

Lord Napier gives a grand stale ball, for the 
purpose of ctlcbrating the wedding day of the 
Princess Royal, on the £otb instant. A large 
number of tickets have been sent out- Thcpapers 
say it will be the great bail of tbo scai 

The great Agricultural Congress has recently 
been held in Washington. Its proceedings wi 
be found of a highly intcrestiog character, 
sketch of which, from the New York Daily Timi 
of the lGLb, I inclose. |We intend 10 publish 
this neit week in fulL] 

comparatively a calm. The attention of moat 
of the crowned heads, nod theirhigh government 
officers, being occupied by tbo pleasant thonghis 
and anticipations connected with the aimroac'uDS 
tnarria-e of the Princess Hoy-1 * b "^' 
which angu-t ceremony will take place on l» 

make occurred in Naples, by 

,I,V L 

Til. |> 

ii California 7 

.;-:. ;.. 

Cubbig:, P urn It 

Botnil Prices a' 

Pauloo, •? rit. 
" t* IB... 

' r -,':v- ■:., 

Washington Karkot— F ehraary 18. 

m ■l-.-:i. !• b-vl ii^-T;.- 

>■, ,,!■!>■ ■■.-.. i. i- J.i: W Oil 

i;,. i -.i..T.I.|-, i.; /■■■!■■ ■■i<\\ 

1 \ I 8°B3 M 

I 11 . 7".. SI "■! | V. !:!>':!. _ 

lutlff* p n> 




jf North.a.i «•»« of Sanioaw. J^ 

fJbr-»J*./J. M- M«a»_* C"-. CWCftntfaW^J 
TN Gallia, poWl, »U*«tl™ to nor NEW SSED STOKE 
L „ L ,, [.(.,„„ I, rKiWuo-Jiioiieouooeeertaiy. Wunoulu 
merelT ^ ™ r fe Entirely Neus, 


JOiix a. WOLF, Blamifaciuvcr 

And Wholosalo and Kolall Dealer in 






e>,,,r; v, v. ■ h '■,;,„ I,. 1 , '^s 


menorjs ftini^hcl on &pp»c3ti[>r- 

- Seeds! Seeds! Seeds! 

"VST r-*t\-c,l <■• Ijijcv, ,i l.irj*ii«,:.rt.i.c 
K1LI.1- =.,.1 i.AIU'LN SEEDS, ai 

Field and Qarden u 

no., Ties ieSi>, Canary, Hemp, Htllet, Eapo 

and Maw seeds, Herb suds, Front 

Sogar-Bcet leed, Chinese Bugar.Cann 





."V, L1015BS, GILMOLtE ,t CO., , 


mm or i 

Market street, Beale and Jr&»'» 

CoJifontia Steam N aTigatinn Company, 

cAnnruo uhtted states mail. 

'Bed '0 luffs. 


J„r ,11.1/ftif !./ a'g.lj|-l?iVi,7» 

1-' L 


| Harness, Saddles, Bridles, &g 



IsTontori and Bole Hanufaemrora of the 

Patent Antl-Frlctlon Aslc Grease 

f\>r Coaches, Wagons, $c. 

Cordage Manufactory. 


Premium Marble Works ! 


sackamekto, cal. 

MarblaJIaoteliond Qrato*, Slonnuidnu, Tomb aoi 
.. Ti.Ho ami Conlfr Tn[-. MarMo aud Fr-e- 

*D roiuooablD 

] lii'iitlcb 

Contra Costa Ferry Notice. 

i Oorutr ol Broader and Darin lira all. 

i new and .Undid etmnar CONTRA 

s MINTPRS. Aaent. 

Presents Toe tlie Ilolidars ! 


Importer of and Wholesale and Botail Dealer 




Of all Kinds Constantly on Hand. 


No. 125 Montgomery Street, 

• .in.t fr.:r.| 


1 I'.IH 

HOTELS, &c. 


Ha5 ptcvanlcd rooch BuQtring among the poor ill 
thu large cities, and haiboena Godsend to nearly 
all classes. Work is becoming more generally 
the rule than the exception. Many of our maou- 
lacluring eslabliihments aro coniiutccing Ihcir 
irork again j tome with half the usual number of 
hands, but most of tbcm with n fill complement 
The mouey market Is easier, which renders 
miscellaneous things generally more satirf ici<,ry. 
A sharp correspondenca has taken place be- 
tween Gen. Wool, late of California, and Senator 
Davie, from Mississippi, There roay yet bo a 
call for ''pistols and coffee for two." 

Cyrus W. Field, Esq., has left for Eogland 
will) an able engineer, lo make }-rcpsri<;<jriG for 
laying tbo Atlantic coble early in the 6pring. 
May tho attempt protu entirely cucoe^ful, the 
next trial- Xbo company engaged io this great 
work will have the sympathy and tbc best wishes 
of every intelligent citiien in eccry coontry on 
the globe. 

A fen days since Ihero was completed a con- 
tinuous line of tbc electric wirea between Ibis 
city and Now Orleans, more than two thousand 
miles in length, being the longest 
in this country or Europe. Messages 
each way so promptly and rapidly that before 
the last words of a sentence tell from the lips of 
the 5|ititer in Now York, the Oist words 
same wero beingread in Now Orleans, All praiw 
and honor to such noble achierements. I 

moil EDnopfl, 
The news is highly InleiertlDg, though not of uq. | 
usual importance. Tbc laonoy panic had passed 1 
away, and financial matters generally were In a 
healthy and solisCiclory condition. Spain sceiua 
determined to haie war with Mexico at all haz- 
ards. Santa Ana is said lo bo wailingin Cuba, 
to go to hla old borne, and plunge into the troubled 
waters of (trife now rolling inn devastating Uuod 
over thai distracted country. There seems lo bo 
no other way, than for Uncle Samuel to dandle 
Cobs and Mcaico upon his parental kneoand pacify 
them, and then send them out with a Yankee hoe 
and spado to earn their own living; posting op 
notices all around thorn; "potitiail-i no admit- 
tance." That will be nice, cool, and comfortable 
BndsaveSpain[romaflercequ»ncl|andSa n taAnB. 
perhaps, from losing his other leg. Through nil 
Europe, except in the Ncapolelan Slates, there 

A [tclauraht fepnrtraei 


3k, NO. US 

C JAMES, Praprtiwr, 


Large Single and Double, and Snib of Rc-oias, 

-„, |„. ,.,,..,,1,1 ilHtli' lv 

,„ ,-ur- 

1, .I..I..I. ,.] i.ill -1 ■.. it 
,. ■„!. i i ........ :;.... y.,,1; 

|, .,,,!■, 

!.,.],■ Ill, 1 

'-' W .m'im, 

To Seedsmen, Planters 

fruit Trees. 
■arden, Field and 1'innn- Seed: 

Foreign and Oaiaeitit Seedt, Trees, ifc, 
to. 80 J itreot Bacraiaont^ 

The Laigest Family Grocery Slwu in lliisUily. 


T^7~E hnv ? «=olo repleniihcil oar dock, nod an now 



New and Rare Plants, Vines, &c, 

J Hew Rochetle, or Lawton Blackberry ; 

Li ■ B'lllillvL ; ' '■ ■!■. .! I l.i •■<.!, •<. 

Concord Grape, &e. be. 


Hnrdware; fair 

s' Platform and Counter Scalea, 



No, 140 North aidB of 


J£g ■Washington street, 


PiJMEEB ! AT T E N T I N ! ! 


Arc Itaporun and Drauonin orerj- deicripUoa of 

Hardware, Crockery, Glass andWoodenware, 
Agricultural ^^ax^? ^ Mining 

Pioneer Hardwaro and Agricnllnrnl Emporinm, 


Manaraeturar ami D t ™lorin Bcaa.ffl 
[jB,|,.C>u, ll 1 .rirev, t .,,Sh«»!>. r » 
Comfiirlsra, and nvarjtbinf In tha/Y 

mvo d.ol, lurnlj In 

:■* TBJT Xj -WJ 9 

.!:"..!. r'..'v i't'Tl.Ird Ui "(Tcrit at Wboleial™ 

C.'iw.utl"..'n tmi'S/'llnir, Mou, Wool, nr 
. Fur t-,1- al tbo lovreil pricoi, xhulojalo a, 

119 Jaokfoo >t».t (3d door balow Koarny,, 

.WLy..| 11 ..,i„.,li. J [nl,-r.,: lt i..n.,M!..l r l 





oj'pciiut Itc UukeL 

PnopniEion or the Qbhuaioown Nobskbcss, 
Qermantown, Philaddphia, Pa. 
f^Inclnata In uis hnslocss tlio colleetlon anil 
— *— importation of 

Every Klud or Tree SccdM 

rim -uvi-ii- ■■! i*i:."i! -i;!-!!' ,,'! 

cjob J ..ii ! .|,Li.,.i 11 i ■;:, i .. : „, ,„ 
5 loaii'Ji uro ordered. 


Tin and Coppcrware, Sheet Iron, Hardware 

ScC, ScCJ., 
SI'»(K!(I.\. (al, "* '' 

i--" '\ ir ''r,''i,-'"'-!'i"'.i."-''-[.'!- '\ ,J "' ,T " 1 ""' 1 ofCooklDjr, Pir- 

ii ...I,,.--, p.,l,!m, ■ ..( .,,-, ,-- .| ... r i (i;jl)I1 UuB0 Word0Ti io 




i '.Ji:i i ". 

ir chj I ■ -lfi Lit 

■ t "li'.-iin lli.ii], nr,.) ,Jv] '-r.j 

ledonbllh'al !!>!■' . i,.'|. ..!'h«- '„'* '-'.'■':'- 
|.,i.,h.-„. ;,-: it idc-jHidotiiibcea u- 


Jtoidy for Cuing. t8' 

When j-ou visit the Str.tes, reaiembor ■■ Oak 
Hall," tiro Piouoor Clotliiig Houso, established 
in Boston. Muss., in 16-1 1, where you will Soil 
ever}- nrticlo of Clothins and Furnishing Gnodg 
(ou the oue price system), necessary to com- 
plete a geutot-l JrL-~.i, f. .r (Lo duincstlc circle, 
the drawing room, or tho church. T)in stock is 
daily rfpleuUhr.-d with flood* niniiufnctured for 
iho Wbolesale niul Retail trade, and offers great 
imliM ■■■!!ui-ute to purchnsera. 

Kos. 28, 30, 82, 34, 36 and 38, North street, 
BOSTON, Mass. y7-141t 


jsros. •& ^.isria e 

ourl 611... K, Clay atrcei 

Broom- Corn Wanted. 

ALAF.fiE LOl i.iF HlHiu.M-CullN will he porobafed 
by tbo un,!^:!:,,,.! S Jli: ,.i, . „| tlio urn- can to 
foririrded tj £xi<I«>;, In JOHN A WOLF, 

The Victoria Regie. 


S3 to Sr S ip ai s ai (Q a oj 

i si a <n s s s<> 



Oj California J'arinn 

ra- Ailvrrll.riiii nt» nnd SnbMi-ljiIloni mtu 

Tee Demands' at Agriculture lu Calllornln. 

EntTORS FAaiTEB : While ii 
and foreign countries there i 
lessons, resulting from their iner 
which lend (o establish the nt 
that a certain amount of Sclent 

the older Sta 

many ovidi 
using populatii 

1 common holiel 
is indispens 

in the cultivation or the soi 
B denso population in California, and the abut 
dance or good Isnd. incline us at the first view 
conclude that, with us, the camp amount of scie: 
HGe knowledge is not wonted, for profitably ai 
satisfactorily cinyingon Practical Agricultur 
Bnt second thoughts must convince every prodei 

Is, and foot 

of tb 



)rnin farmo 



enter portion is no 
bj many, as to 
livable of much s 




s the r. 

which it WlsJ.and tho necessity of so far obviating 
theso difficulties in cultivating our fields in the 
nsuol way, nnd planting them with crops adapted 

guson when b 
of the starry 

he sugges 

I of 
hi* own brain, while tendine his employer's Bock* 
he heaths of Scotland, and 
ole Lawrence, without n mas 
h by the most accomplished were recognized 
aMcrpieces ; and Yankee ingenuity 


J kno-,1 

ii »o fir 


lhat it is one of the principal adducihle in It* 
support. Ferguson btcamo a distinguished 
astronomer, and as a (dentine lecturer was the 
Lardncrof his day; and Lawrence, president of 
the Royal Academy of England, and one of the 
most distinguished painters of the ago. But bow 
did tbey 7 Sol by continuing, unaided and tin- 

Their unusual attainments marked them out u 
prodigies, and procured for them the pilronoge ol 
those who were able and willing to advance their 
Studies. The result showed that tho upniecii- 
tion or their capabilities irascorrcct. And ought 
not, for similar reasons, the nptilude for Inven- 
tions as called forth hy circumstances, so largely 
possessed hy our citizens, to mark them out as 
descrvingand demanding crcry aid which previous 
science and skill in agricultural knowledge are 
capable of affording J especially when our peculiar 
circumstances are taken into account, and tho 
benefits to be derived from following such a rule 
so self-evident ! Taking a more glance at Nature! 
we find the plants of nnc zone bearing lililo re- 
semblance to those of onolher; and (in the 
tropical regionstspecially) a very different species 
of plants growing on the tops of mountains, 
from those at their base. In both cases, this is 
]1 " cd f0f . speaking generally, from the 

from their original location, to places, tho circum- 
stances of which are considerably different, is apt 
to giro them s difference of character — in some 
instances bettor, in somo worse— and that in al- 
most i nil Cases, by being taken under tho imme- 
diate supervision of man as cultivated plants, 
their qualities undergo considerable change, and 

To proceed further, wo End that temperature 
ili>r~ (nit ili'i'did L'Titiniy cm latitude or altitude, 
nnd that by means of cultivation nnd artificial 
shelter (he natural temperature may bt 
proved, and plants made to grow luxuriantly 
in situations whore otherwise tliuy could barely 

All these ai 
importance to Culifoi 
son why" of tit 
ooghly unders 
knowledge thu 
practical agriculture. 

So long as wo remained nf our native homes, 
wo did not stand so much in need of such 
knowledge. The Agriculture of uuy country is 
of all tho arts practised in it the least mysteri- 
ous. Tho blacksmith, tho weaver, tho cabinet- 
maker, severally, does his work io-doors. Tho 
fanner works in open day. tho observed of all 
observers, end ns he merely adds a wheeler two to 
thi' grand Machinery of Knture, forms properly 
n part and parcel of herself, and is so looked 
upon. No one in passing through a strange 
land hut directs his nttentiou to tho people at 
work in tho fields, and what they are doing, us 
naturally us ho does to tho aboriginal trees. 
Tho Agriculture of bis own State ho knows in- 
motoly. Tho veriest cockney in existence has 
i>t an uncle or cousin in the country whom ho 
isits on the holidays, and on other occasions 
hen he has on opportunity. And thoogli tho 
practice of these formers may not in somo cases 
bo of the most scientific character, it always 
npproiimates towards It ; for os Gay soys of 
Ills shepherd philosopher, 

They are pretty nearly right in all tho more 
important branches of their profession. But 
take those simple men to California, and how 
'■an limy cEp.'i.a lull in many things to he thrown 
aback I Their experience lias been gathered 
under other circumstances, and is nut applicable 
here. They have in many things to learn anew; 
and in many eases, instead of finding no almost 
perfect system as they bod soon established 
where they previously lived, find prnoti 
adopted which they have knowledge onoogl 
perceive must eventually produce a very 
f'inil'.'riiilihi result. 
■Wo havo different ideas of tho imporiuuet 

exact proportion as wo havo studied, 
i is nt the bottom of this. Tho ful 
!y kind of knowledge cannot bo ex 
o appreciated by a person to when 
own. But it may be of groat value, 
notwithstanding. Let us think seriously 
facts whieh I hnvo enumerated before wo discard 
them as useless. Wo moy dnrivo some good 
from doing so. and it can do no harm; and if w, 
that tboy are really of importance, w L 
making our knowledge 

Winner of Ibo Grst prize of his ago and class, al 
tho Monmouth County Show, bold at Freehold 
and also tho first prize of his age and class ai 
tho New Jcrsoy State Show, held at New Bruns- 
wick, in tho year 1857. He is tbo property of 
James 0. Taylor.of Holmdel, Monmouth County, 
Now Jersey, and was bred hy Col. Morris, sired 
by tho celebrated buck 'Young York," his dam 

a celebrated imported ewe, selected hy Mr. Jonas 
Webb, to breed to "Young York." The above 
sheep was purchased by his present own 
tho Mount Fordham sale, in June, 185.6, then 
four months old, and brought tho highest p 
of any lamb at tho sale; and Colonel Morris 
hesitatingly says that he is tho best ram ho 

tcred, and wo know we havo often earnestly fri- 
lled their attention to ibis matter. Wo hopo 
iff, after they shall havo read'tho valuable let- 
r which follows, and which wo know all will 
be glad to sec that they will act upon it : 
Wheat Cultivation in California. 

Si* Smucntco, Fob 23(1, IBS. 
Editors Farheb; In conformity with your 
•equest, I give an account of the method of culti- 
vating Wheat on tho Indian Reservations, in this 

Tho ostent of land cultivated on the Indian 
farms must, ucccssaril}-, be largo, end my niton, 
ion was, at an early day, directed to tho impor- 
auco of adopting the best method or producing 
ho largest quantity or grain, with a given an 
f force in teams, plows, etc. 
Lands in California cannot bo plowed ii 
umrocr, and the ordinary modo of putting i 

the rains 

In si 

for plowing for dajBi 

<, -If. ..■>(■■, 




inlely, v 


. which havo a direct influencr 
their production and growth, and which, thi 

affect it In tbeii 

result of temperature, 

., -nly 
■n to a limited extent, though 
they materially modify tho relationship of ,,lanW 
to tho eoTernl temperatures in which they are 
found growing, or where they might otberwiwho 
"petted to grow bnt are found wanting. The 
Mudy of this portion of Natural History is of 
■ouch imparlance in a Stale liko ours, and must 
6«uj io uimim.l, us.jltsj ei F .,i,i|,. rit ;. ;„ 
«B»rd to the acclimating of many plant.,,-. I.,, b 
■ R. hot : WljinpD, lo California, ^lo, th j, 
«*lMlmStf Plant. Is a fact v,!,!.-!,! ., ,.'|| I- „ ,,, 
-'-■ '"Wby-kM, Nature submits to bend 
re seldom inquired into 
■o which occlimatation 
nvestigated. Then 
s of soils, and on 

! altered i 

Important Facts for Farm era. 
: present to tho Farmers of California the 
ing valuablu practical essay upon true Cali- 
fornia farming. Wo feel under great obligations 
to the writer, Col. T. J. Heoley, the Agent of In- 
dian Affairs, for this very valuable document. 

Our readers will well remember that we havo 
ofien called their attention to these most im- 
portant truths; but this letter comes to us and 
them with the Full force of a practical illustration. 
To any scientific mind, the climate and soil of 
California plainly tell that tho kind of cultiva- 
tion which Col. Uenley has adopted so success- 
fully, and which ho recommends, must be tho 
true nay, and we trust his lotlcrwill bccarefully. 
perused, and his recommendation promptly foi- 

ls the time of actio: 


can profitably he conducted 

Dgain, we find groat variel 

analyzing them find that the 

in their "composition, and that while fa some"! 

eertafa plants grow luxuriantly, iher C are ol ] 

In which the same plants languish ; and 

Muljxfag plants o find that their compon. 

•re os various as the soils on which they grow" I is 

Bull more, we Bail that tbo removing of pUnts ' Si 

if the 
auoceumi cultivators, upon this plan, is I. D. 

"»<"■!■■>■. nuir |. 3 (Jjan^ county. Wo 
vitiM In, t ,. v „nd, l. is t Aug Uf ,t,on our way to 
»« » «»tta Falls, and Mr. Morloy was then 

1 :'"''"; """ PS u "* n ll,e la "'J Plpwcd ami sub- 
solled the autumn nnd Bprin g pr „ ious iy aud Lis 
Crops wcil ropayed the labor. 
We hope, therefore, th.t not only will tho far- 

— Stale eiatnino and practice the plon 

' >PO, too, they will give 

of Col. Henley 

us all their practical rem! 

—■ uitu, and all others, nnd It is not our fault ir 
they will not act ujKin the suggestion or Col II 
and write. We know how backward farmers are 
lo give due thought and lime to this matter- it 
' or the highest moment to them, and to 'tho 
ate, that all these facta should bo widely seal- 

defeated. At other 1 
quantities and tbo si 
is to render tho land unlit 
1 sometimes weeks togeth- 
er, until the season for sowing is almost post by. 
Again, by this method of farming much or the 
land Is plowed when it Is too act— it bakes upon 
tho seed, and the result is a deficient crop, 

In traveling through tho country fa tho months 
of May and Juuo, you frequently sen fields of 
wheat, oats and barley upon land equal in fer- 
tility to any in the Slate, and yot not worlh har- 
vesting. It has been tho wonder of all not ac- 
quainted with tho subject, why this is so, in a 
country, the productiveness of which is so moch 
tho boast of its citizens. 
This failure of crop can ho easily traced to its 
ue cause. Tho soil is good; a sufficient amount 
labor and seed has been expended upon ft 
but tbero is no crop. Now what is the cause and 
tho remedy 7 It is plain and simple, Tho labor 
been performed at tho wrong season of th! 
r- Tho rains hare prevontcd tho plowing uf 
the land until the season is too far advanced- 
as been sown in February or March 
instead of November and December, and tbo dry 
season, which, tike the tide, waits for nu man. is 
at hand— tho crop is cut short, and the far- 
wonders why it is ha cannot raise such 
crops as wo " read about." Ho has been indus- 
ious, and has lost no time— has plowed all the 
mo tho weather would admit of it, and 
times exposed himself to wet and cold, and still 
havo failed. But what is the remedy 1 

It 13 simply this. Pto, 

which you intend foi 
year. It is the proper 

this process of farming. Plow all your laud this 
spring that you intend to plant next fall The 
crop for the present year is now in ; your loams 
havo hut little else to do. They may he worke< 
moderately, and will improvo in condition— a 
the grass will bo good during the plowing season 
Start your plotts now and keep them running a: 
long as the land is in suitable condit.on to plow 
ihat will ho until some time in tho month o 
May, and will enable you to prepare a large m,an 
tity of land for cultivation. The land thur pre- 
pared should bo sown in tbo fall before tbo rain; 
requires only to bo well hor- 
eaoh way. This secures U" 
bonebl of all the rain, and you are certain of a 
good crop In any urdfaary season 
Wheat requires a certain length of time to 

and harvesting is from November to June, inclu- 
sive, eight months. In tho winter it groiys bul 
little. But during that period it is taking root - 
Its principal time of growing is from tho middle 
of March until harvest. The roots grow during 
the first three or four months, and after that tho 
slalk shoots op and grows rapidly for two 
months; within the last mnnth tbo grain forms 

Any ono can mako tho calculation that chooses. 
Our seasons give us time enough (but there is 
none to spare) for making our crops. Thon those 
who depend upon plowing the same season they 
SOW will bo restricted fa tho amount they culti- 
vate, driven for want of time, annoyed by tne 
delays of bod weather, and exposed to tho inclem- 
encies of a California winter. But ho who pre- 
pares bis land tho previous seasop, and has It 
sown before the rain commences, is not subject 
to theso annoyances, and has tho consolation 

soDtimcnt between tho farmers of the different 
sections of tbo State, Is indispensable. You 
havo tho mennH to accomplish this, and your 
journal can bo mado much moro useful by tbo 
insertion of eommamoutlons from the different 
localities, describing tho ohuraoter of tho eoil, 
tho tlmo of planting, modo of cultivation, and 
tho result of tho crops. 

I have myself felt tho ftnnt of such informa- 
tion, and would bo pleased to sen it much moro 
extensively given through the columns of your 
paper, Ifoor ob't, serv't., 

Titos. J. Henley. 

Cnltlt'QtlQQ of the Bweet Potato. 
EniTons Fabmehi As 


As no one appeared Ii 
your last issue to give '•Subscriber" any informa- 
tion with regard to tho cultivation of the Sweet 
Potato, and as it is now near time to mako pre- 
parations Tor a crop tho ensuing season, I have 
concluded to give him tho benefit of what little I 
know about It, hoping that soino olhors, moro 
experienced in tho business, will como out and 
enlighten him further. 
I hato bad hut ono year's experience fa their 
Itivation, in California, hut tho success which 
iad induces mo to believe that I pursued sotne- 
ing near tho right course. In the first place, I 
iko a hotbed, by nailing four slabs or planks 
together, fifteen inches wido and eight by sirtccn 
feet long (larger, if you cultivate more exten- 
'ely). I All fa with half-rotted stable manure, 
the depth of eight or ten inches j on this put a 
vering, four inches thick, of good rich soil ; then 
split your potatoes, and place them on this covcr- 
r them three inches with good soil. In 
mths, the plants will 

r pressed for 

w that his 

Tho difference between the two modes of fare 
ing is this : tho man who pursues the one, driv. 
his business before him; is n 
time; hns always a day [ spin 
and is certain of good results, 
sues tho other, is driven by his 
ways pressed for time; has no' 

and the results, ifcertafaat all, 


is our object, on the Reservations, to pro- 
duce as much grain as possible, our plan is to 
plow during tho entire rainy season, and until 
ipped by the dry season ; and to sow 
all that is thus plowed before (ho raiun becin in 
tba fall. I would also mention, that the land 
■hiehls plowed in the spring, and iniou,|,.:l f. lf 
wheat In the fall 

n, and if planted early (a 
"t it) will produi " 

'S« L) 

planting it 

thirty bushels to the acre, without irrigation 

If tho Innd is situated so it cau be irrigatPtl, 
bettor yield may ho oipeotod. Tho ' 
of wheat I hav 
upon i 

about six we 

bo ready for transplanting. 

Having selected my ground, in which to trans- 
plant them, 1 plow, barrow, and roll it, thoroughly 
ling the soil j after which I run two far- 
irowing the dirt out; in these I ran tho 
tahsailplow back and forth several times; then 
w these two furrows back together, adding 
moro, thus forming n considerable ridge, 
done, I proceed to run other rows in tbo 
manner as at first, making them four fed 
vide. After finishing with the plow. I take a 
hoo, and draw the earth from the middles on to 
tbo ridges ; and, when I am ready to put in my 
plants,! takeaiine-toothed rake, and rake tho 
tops of theso ridges off, until they are not over ten 
inches high. I sot my plants about fifteen, inches 
opart. I plow and hoo twice, using the subsoil 
plow. Tho last hoeing, I draw tho earth up on 
tho ridges. I find by irrigating that they grow 
larger, but they are no* as meet as those wheio 
hut little or no water was used. 

Tho yield of my crop was about 350 busheU to 
the acre. They should be dug before frost kills 
the vines, as tho potato is very easily iojurcd by 
frost. Seventy-five pounds of potatoes will pro- 
duce plants sufficient to sot an ncre of ground. 

As to the best modo of kooping them I have 
not learned. 1 put somo in dry sand, but thoy 
all spoiled. I should" he glad to learn the proper 
way of putting the. a wnv-K,r,vinu.T .,■:,- .■„■,.!. J, i 
J have said all which is necessary, with tho 
-ptiou „r naming the lime of putting them out, 
-■'■ oflho 

.l.ich, I j. 


I.,],. I. . 

n this country, i 

a narrow, before nny rain had fallen. This 
principle is equally applicable to tho cultivation 
of bronmcorn, potatoes, pumpkins, melons 
beans and peas (in drills), nnd in foot overy de- 
scription of vegetables. All land thus cultivated 
may bo sown in mli-nf ™:.i. -_.=__ . 
of a good crop. 



I propose to gii 
tho method uf culliration which wo have adopted 
for tho land upon tho const, which is aubjoot 
the influences of tho f,>£ 
upon tho descript 
their character, soil ant] olimato. 

California probably possesses n greater diver- 
sity of eoil nnd olimato, than any otbor country 
of tho samo extent known to oivilimtian. Ou 
tho const tho land is furlilo, Iho climate cool and 
subject to heavy fugs. In tho valleys nnd nonr 
the streams of water, tbo land is equally fertile; 
during- tbo day theao localities are subject to 
extreme heat, which is changed to n cool and oven 
chilling toiuporotum nt night. Ono plnoo pro- 
duces wild oats, another clover, n third herds- 
grass, or red-top, aud a fourth bunoh-gri 
nuoh opparontly tho notural 

State.' In thevaileyspwhoro'thTfr... ._ 

n bo got out much cnriierThan 
year, about tho 

whnt liitl,>l have said will induce 

i yi.Jilk'.l m ivritu than myself, 


"8 Bitooii Maxufactoky- 
tg of Brooms fa California 
important item in homo manufactures. At tho 
iitato Fair at Sacramento, in 1855, California 
Brooms were exhibited f or tho first timo, pub- 
holy. Theso were samples from M B ry HV illo and 
from Sacramento, both very handsome speei- 
quautity of broomcora grown 
small mitf tho number of brooms made very 

trifling. Now it has hoc 

portnnco, nnd brooms nro i 

lions of tbo Stnto to a largo 

» to preclude tho s 
Jl. Th 01 

s of im 

>u.-h ,■ 

essity of importing any al 



■ ^['"lll'lllr.,!]. 

a quality of tho 

low. In the East tho period between sowing ' farming. ' To this end 

produot of tho soil; tho result of s. 
r oburnatcriatio or imh 
ii in that puxtioulnr toonii™ 
It is evident then that the peculiarities of soil 

"' l0 "oh of cultivation, should ho 

order to a successful 

naulted, j. 

.1 system of 
interchange of 

onufuotoryof J. A. Wolf, e 
to and Drntnm streets, is 
cess of homo manufacture!, 
morcoscd more Hum nun l>undr.-,i per 
do year. Mr. Wolf ouIimuN f„ r t |„, 

growing of several liu,„lr.,l m,i- 1' l. t .„> -„ 

tho present year. Tl.reo humlrej ,),.-,.„ | iriJ „ m . 
per month at this factory, and thoy 
iperior to any that nro imported ; the 
iging from 84 50 to $5 5U and SO 50 
i, according to the size, fineness ond 

ii-i i.-r 


made in Cal- 

ifornia, and mode goc-d n 

wereVeS f", "T"'^ ^ «*"** " W« 

■ '", ■'" !: "«f.»"«-rfri., 1 dW..lf's 

turcra and a pioncor in tho trade. 




ftalifmriiia jUUs- 

ICopjrijh! Socorei] 

In California aai Uie) World. 

(OUT uracil.] 

Io a went work on South Africa, oolitic^ 
"Lake Ngami." •»=•. °y Charles J. Anderson, Lon- 
don, 1850—1 vol, 550 pap's, post 8v 
describes tho Locusts'of that country, 
1352: "The day after our departure no imi 
with vast numbers of tho lame of the Locust 
(Gryllns devastator, Lich.) commonly called by 
the Boers, 'voct gangers,' literally, fooigoers. In 
somo places they might bo seen packed in lay- 
several inches ii 

crushed and maimed by our wagon 
Towards nightfall they crawled on to 
and ihrobs,mar.y of which, otflng w their • 

during his visit to that country In 1843, vide vol. 

1, psgo 74: , . 

'On tho following day (Glh November) I h™ 

tho pleasure of beholding tho Brst flight of Lo- 

that I 
colony. Wo were standing 
plain of unlimited length, 

• I observed them advancing. 

i either hotrod down to the 
ground, orTrotcn short off. They were of a 
oddish color, with dark markings ; end as they 
hung ibus suspended they looked like clusters of 
rich fruit. These Toet goers' are justly dreaded 
by the colonists, as no obstacles seem capable of 
staying their progress. The Orange river is cron 
no obstacle, the drowned insects affording n bridge 
for their headlong survivors to pass. Fires aro 
eitinguished by their numbers, and to diminish 
their numbers woold appear like attempting to 
drain the ocean with a pump. 

"is we travelled on, next morning, wo encoun- 
tered the Locust itself, and in such masses as 
literally to darken the air, 



FlnnscJ trim 


Of ii "ili oe 

11 billow 

iD the i 

arrival In the 
,„g [nine middle of a 
.and about five rmles 

... . i;l L . ..:i,,-.v.'l 

irds from 
Etood, looking at Iheal.nt'tilthr-' 

flnow storm, Hying, el 
steady, about a hundred J.-ds from the 

'■Our wagon, or any other equally conspicuous 
object could positively not be distinguished at the 
distance of one hundred paces. In a partici ' 
spot, within tho circumference of a mile, they had 
not left a panicle of any green thing, 
cral columns that crossed our path, in 
of tho day, must have, each, have been many 
miles in length and breadth. 'Cho noise of their 
wings was very great; not unlike that caused by 
a gale of wind through the shrouds of a ship at 
anchor. It wos interesting to witness, at a dis- 
tance, tho Locust rise abruptly inn compact body, 
is if propelled by a strong gust of wind ; then, 
suddenly sinking, they would disperse into 
smaller battalions, like vaporson a hillside at early 
morn. Or they would resemble hogo columns of 
sand and smoke, changing. every minute, their 
shape and evolutions. 

•'During their flight, norobers were constantly 
falling like large flakes in a snowstorm. At the 
approach of night they encamp, and woo to the 
spot they select for a resting place! for on the 
rising of tho sun, places preciously rich in vege- 
tation are left as bare and naked as tho Sahara. 

."'When a swarm lights on a garden,' says tho 
Kev. Mr. iloffitt, 'or even fields, the crops, for 
OEOseason.are destroyed. Ihavaobsenedaficld 
ofyoungmoiie devoured in the spaccof two hour?. 
They eat not only tobacco, but also flannel and 

"To the poor Bushmen of the desert, who have 
no crops to lose, their arrival is a cause of rejoic- 
ing. Pringie, in his song of the wild Bushman, 
has the following lines: 
■ Yes, oven ma . 

slow and 

_ ,., .!,„ „„, awhile tho plain on which 

flll »d became densely covored with them. 

as my eye could reach— east, west, north, 

sooth— Iboy strotohod in ono unbroken 

1- end more thou an hour elapsed before 

■ devastating legions had swept by. I was 

particularly struck with this most wonderful nnd 

interesting sight; nnd, I remember at tbo timo," 

j feeling was ono of Eel f-gratu lotion at having 

sited a country wbero I could witness such a 

The present U. S. Treasury Agent for tho Pa- 
cific Coast, in his ■■ Journal of a Whaling Voyago" 
■Now York, 1848-mentions tho uso of Locusts, 
an article of food, mixed with rice, among tho 
people of Madagascar. In a conversation with 
this gentleman, in August, 1857, it would Ecom 
■ ■ of the Locusto to Madagascar, and 
tho Portuguese settlements of Mozambique, are 
not unfrcquont. This of course would follow 
from tbo proximity, ond tho similarity to the toil 
and climate or tbo Cape Colonies and settlements. 
In tho "Utah and tho Mormons," by B. Q. 
Fcrris-I vol., Svo, 347 pages, Now York, 1S54, 
mention Is thus made of tho visitation of tho Lo- 
cusia, in the Salt Lake country, on page 143 : 

'-The year 1S4S was one of privation nnd suffer- 
ing, prior to tho maturing of tho growing crops. 
Among other discouraging incidents, a curious 
kind or 'cricket 1 mode its nppanrnnce, in myriads, 
manifesting all the destructive properties of East- 
ern countries. All vegetation was swept clean, 
before its frightful progress, as effectually- as tho 
grass before tho scorching fury of a prairio con- 
flagration, and the crops, put in with eo much 
loiL and on which so much depended, were fast 
disappearing. Suddenly, however, flocks of white 
ills floated over the mountain tops, with healing 
their wings, and stayed this withering deslruc- 
in by fuasling on the destroyer. It is no tnat- 
r for wonder that tho lenders should place Ibis 
in tho list or miraculous interpositions in their 
that tho mass or tho saints should im- 
plicitly believe tbat the gulls were batched into 
sudden maturity Tor the occasion; but it is a 
little strange that ode, of tho ovident intelligence 
or Col. Kane, should speak of theso fowl as 'bo- 
fore strangers to tho valley.' The crickets and 
tho galls have been annual visitors since, as they 
were before, the bnoe and the antidote together." 

y take shelter. Thoy hang in such donso 
;s upon tho ends of tho bongha that thoy 

break down ( 


But It 

ulsbij uMIml 


"On the present occasion we found a great 
number of Hottentots, as also Hill Damn rat, busy 
collecting tbo Locusts by diking fires or dry fjel 
directly across their path, and os they posset" 
tho flames their wings were 6coichcd and they 
Tell helplessly to the ground. They aro also ed- 
it etc J iiv cinloids at night, when they have re- 
tired to rest. The Locusts, after being partially 
roasted, are eaten fresb, or they are dried in tho 
hot ashes and stored away. Thoy are also ro- 
docod to powder and mised with water to a kind 
of thick soup; I have tasted them, prepared in 
various wave, but never found ihcm palatable. 
But they must contain a rait deal of nourish- 
ment, tince the poor people thrice wonderfully on 

"Birds of almost otcry description, more espe- 
cially storks nnd kites aro seen devouring them 
greedily. The great enemy, however, is the 
Locust Bird, or "spring hang vogel" of tho col- 
onists— a species of thrush [tbo same family and 
character as our California thrush and blackbird 
—a. s. t.), about the siseof a swallow.and which 
is n constant attendant on the Insect, which more- 
Over prey on each other when crippled, Its com- 
panions instantly devouring it. Tbo Locust of 
South Africa is said to be different fro 

"The Capo Colony has been particularly sub- 
ject to this dreadful scourge, which in invariably 
followed by famine. Their inroads aro periodical; 
according to Pringle, onco in about every fifteen 
years. In 1808, they made great wnslo and dis- 
appeared, not roturning until 1824. Thoy then 
ramnined for several years, but in 1330 took their 
departure. Tbo proper homo of tbo Locust is 
yam mystery. Experience lolls us, in South 
Africa, that they come southwards, flying from 
the north. Thoy rarely appear, in any numbers, 
except in years of abendnnce. Wo encountered 
them almost every day, /or several months, in 
innumerable swarms, until we crossed the Ornogo 
river, when we lost sight of lhtn>."_Vido chap- 
ter 23. 

Gordon Cumming, in bis "Lion Hunter in 
South Africa," 2 vols., Svo, London, 1855, gj TM 
the following description or a swarm of Locusts, 

of Grasshoppers in 1S55 and '56, in Kansas, Ne- 
braska, and Minnesota Territories, which caused 
such injury (o tho crops of the Indians. In the 
travels of Jonathan Carver, in the northwest 
parts of tho 'Mississippi and Lake Countri 
vol., Svo, London, 1770, the following moot 
lade of tho Locust or Grasshopper: "I must 
ot omit (o mention that tho Locust is a septcn- 
ial insect, as thoy are only seen, a small numbei 
of strnge,lers excepted, every seven years, when 
they infest theso parts, and tho interior colonics, 
largo swarms, and do a great deal of mischief. 
Tho years when they thus arrive are den- 
the Locust years." — Page 404. 

But it woold bo useless to continue theso oc- | 
counts or the Locusto. as there is scarcely a 
writer who bos written Oo D^vpt, Palestine, 
Turkey in Alia, and Turkey in Europe, nil the 
Meditcranean countries, South Africa, Java, tho 
Phillipiocs, Persia, Arabia, Ohina, and tho dry 
interior countries of Hindostau, and of Central 
Asia, rrom the sacred writers tu tbe profane 
writers of Greece nod Home; of Herodotus, 
Strata, and Diodorus ; tbo Chronicles of tho 
Crusci) -rs ar-.d ui the Monks of lb« Holy Land ; 
or Marco Polo, ol Sir Jobn Maundeiillc, and of 
innumerable other authors, poetic, dramatic, his- 
toric, and geographic; tho extracts from which 
would form a hook of the greatest interest and 

The followiog extract from Ln Gironiero's 
Twenty Years in the Pbillipincs, 1 vol., five, Har- 
per's English edition of IS54, will show the ter- 
rible .jill-.t.'j r>[ J,,, |j, .;nlhr Locusta of that orchi- 
pelngo of islands. The Locusta may have its 
of the volcnnicnnd arid districts 
or that country, effected by droughts, but its rav- 
ricbly wooded tropical countries are smnll 
cd to such districts as Egypt and Cali- 

tba stoutest limba from tho 
trees. Daring tho night, from tbo spot where 

they are reposing, there issues a continual croak- 
ing and so loud » noise thut one scarcely believes 
it to ho produced by so small an insect. Tbo fol- 
lowing morning thoy Icavo at daybreak, and tho 
trees upon which thoy have reposed nro left 
stripped and broken, as though the lightning had 
swept tho forest in every direction ; they pursue 
their course elsewhere, to commit fresh ravages. 
At certain periods thoy remain on vast plains, or 
on fertile mountains ; where, elongating tho ex- 
tremity of their bodies in tho form of a gimlet, 
ibey picrco tho earth to tho depth of an Inch and 
upwards, todeposit their eggs. The operation of 
laying being completed, thoy leave tbo ground 
pierced like a sieve and disappear, for their exis- 
tence has now reached its termination. Three 
weeks afterwards, bowover, tho eggs open, and 
myriads ofyonng locusts swarm tho earth. On that 
tho spot whore they arc horn, whntover will servo 
them for food is quickly consumed. As soon as 
thoy hnvo acquired sufficient strength thoy aban- 
don their birthplace, destroy all kinds of vegeta- 
tion that comes in their way, and direct their 
course to tho cultivated fields, which thoy deso- 
late until tho period when their wings appear, 
when thov take flight to devastate other planta- 
tions."— Vido pages 229, 30 and 31. 

Tho Grasshoppers made their appearanccogain. 
in 1356, in Oregon, Utah, and Califorr" 
Texas, near Austin, ond westward, but 
diminished numbers, nnd so as not to 
sive barm, except in partial localitict 
seems, from the periodical press, tbat i 
per Mississippi (Minnesota, etc.) thoy committed 
great injury in the fall of that year, as the follow- 
ing extract will show : 

"At Little Palls, saya tho St. Anthony Express, 
thoy destroyed corn, oils, wheal, and everything 
of the grain kind which canto in thei 
Elk river they appeared in a perfect 
lighting upon aeomflcldoftwcnty acres, destroyed 
tbe wholo crop in a short space of time. At 
Crow Wing, on the farm of Isaac Moulton, thoy 
destroyed 500 bushels of oats. 

Their ravnges extended along tho first central 
mesas or steppes ; bordering eastward tho Rocky 
Mountains, covering tho dry soils of Texna, and 
away down into tho south of Mexico. In tbe 
vicinity of Cordova, in the Stale of Vera Craz, 
tho people mado "a regular campaign against 
them, and succeeded in destroying ono hundred 
and ninety-two arobas, computed as numbering 
four hundred millions of Grasshoppers. In tho 
Stale of Guerrerro thoy also committed great 
injury, particularly within tho districts around 

It would seem that tho Locusta makes its de- 
structive appearance within the boundaries of tho 
O. S. territories, west of the Mississippi, in some 
portion or other, nearly every year. The follow- 
ing extract, from a correspondent of tbe New 
York Tribono, dated Fort Kearny, 31st August, 
1S5T, and who was in the expedition of Colonel 
Sumner against the Cheyenne Indians or tbo 
upper branches of the Missouri, shows thi 
of the rc-appcaranco of tho plague in a strung 

"Tho grass along our route has been short nnd 
scanty, although refreshed by the recent rains. 
It is injured by myriads of "Grasshoppers, somo 
of which ore monstrous in size. I have noticed 
several between three nod four inches, and many 
nearly three inches long. Last Friday, n swarm 
pasted over the Curt, which darkened lite sun so 
as to render it impossible to gaze at it with the 
■ nuked eye. Vi'v taw this sunrni at a distance of 
I ten or twelve miles, at which it resembled a cloud 
pr Smoke." 

In tho colebrated old Bomnn work of Pliny, (ho 
elder, on tho Natural History or the World, pub- 
lished about tbo year 77 of tho Christian Era, 

ituato so tow down that it seems to be attached 
J tho breast. With it tbo inseot extracts tho 
juices of leaves and stalks —Commentators]. 

'The corslet itself forms a kind of pipe ; and it 

is by means or this tbat tbo Achclm utter their 

already meotionod. Beyond this they 

vlscorn in tho abdomen. When surprised 

they spring upward, and eject a kind of liquid, 

which, indeed, is our only proof that they live 

doff. This also is tho only animal that bos 

Hot for the evacuations of the body. Their 

powers of sight aro so bad, that ir a person con- 

his finger, and then suddenly extends it 

oloso to them, thoy will come upon it just as 

though it were a loaf. Somo nuthors divide- those 

animnls into two kinds, the surcufana (or twig 

Grasshopper.— Com.) which is tho largest, and 

tho frumonlario (or corn Grasshopper), by many 

known as tho armaria (or oat Grasshopper. 


'The Grasshopper iB nt 


lotlolr frlor 


e ,:>f tr 

i of countries 

cient Lybia), 
>ign countries, 

e oity of Oyri 
nor is it in fact produced 

or in cool nnd shady thickets. They will take to 
some places ranch more reodily than others. I 
ibo district or Miletus (in Asia Minor), they oi 
only to bo found in somo few spots ; and in Cepht 
lenin (Ionian Islands), there is a river which 
runs through the country, on ono sido of which 
they aro not to bo found, while on tho other they 
exist in vast numbers. In tho territory or Rhc- 
gium (in Italy, opposite Sicily), they have no 
note, while beyond tho river in the territory or 
Locri, thoy sing aloud. Their wings aro formed 
similarly to those or bees, but are larger 
portion to tho body." 

"Book xi, chap. 35, on Locusts. — Those 

which have feet move sideways. Some of them 

have the hind feet longer than the fore 

curving outward, the Locust for oxnmple. Theso 

crenlurcs lay their eggs in Inrgo masses in the 

autumn, thrusting tho end of the tail into holes 

which they form in the ground. Theso eggs re- 

ound throughout iho winter, nnd in 

the ensuing year, at the close of ftpriog, small 

Locusts Issuo from them of a hlack color, nnd 

ing without legs nnd wings. (This is t 

Ito, as the young Locusts are not destitute 

of feeL— Com.) Honco it ia that a wet spring 

destroys their eggs, while, if it ia dry, they multi- 

in great abundance. 

Some persons maintain that thoy breed twice 
ear, and dio tho same number of times ; that 
thoy bring forth nt tha rising of the Virgilto 
(7th or May), and dio at tho rising or the dog 
star (18lh of July), after which others spring up 
In their places. According to somo it is at tho 
Betting of Arcturus (Ilth or May), tbat the 
second litter is prodoced. Thnt the mothers die 
the moment they have hrought forth, is a well 
known fact, for a little -worm immediately 5-rDirs 
aootif ffte throat which chokes them. At the lanic 
time too, tho males perish as well. This inseot 
which thus dies, through a cause apparently so 
trifling, is able to kill a serpent by itself, when it 
pleases, by seizing its jaws with its teeth. (Cuvicr 
treats the story as purely imaginary.) Locusts 
ily produced in Champaign places, that nro 
full of chinks and crannies. In India it is said 
that they attain the length of three feet (which 

bcon found 
that tho Indian 
ilics ore ours. 

Largest and Most Select Collection of 
ier offered in this State, 

At Reilnctrt Prtccil 
Tbo ritUIT TREES offered by as nro alt grown „ j 
orkoil la the Nur-arv bye;, from varialU* obtained 
om tho celebrated MOUNT HOPE ^DRSErUES, o 
KoohBfter, moitof whleh weburofrnitedlnonrOrebardi, 

t adapted to this ellmala. 

24000 APPLE TltF-Ea, of two ycori 1 gran!!), -large ,llp f 
1.000 Odd jt.i from Brsft. 

.060 Tl^^^•■5m^. , jr.,.-.-IM. him !ir---.\ tin-: Tr^-'. .- nil. ■-'■!■■.■ 
lur pbjillr 1L - ill YM-rln i.i.'l .-Ji.l-n-, ■nil ."I'll ili t,[.[iot 
bo oblotdof to onj olher HurlCiT In UioSIato. 
i,TO0 PKAH THEB8 on VarlUxlt, one and two jean" 

1,1-10 CHKRKY TK.EKS, ,,! r.t,-mvriv<- b-st variolic*. 
t,000 PEACH, of IwCDtjuilnlM.oncsCM-fnmJboJ. 
1,000 PLUM, attimljhMiiclcctnjYsrirtlo*. 

APBICOTS, riiiarictlH. 

Ifloa OHAPE VINES, Lw AnfElM, 1,3 teas ran' oW. 

GOOSEBERRY, 6TH.1 Will. lilt Y. 
Catalogues can bo obtained on application at tho I 

All urJor* from a distance cnrofullj attended to 

cnrtlv )::-:a-.1 :il,.) ?hi] jv.Ui. liir.r >-..rl..hl).j:H;iu-,.-.' 

i Mr ir-fi:,.. m.. ,.- i Ii. ..r HhnrtcT'.--lii, oo approved n- 
. „ . ],![,!, r,-,if Hi" Trn!»'. iljoNunery. 

E V |,li,-i." ,lir..-.-!i--n.- I - , r mutkin.' :.ul tii T -|.in- •!, 

... ■.„„| ,n. DiiLh r.Mc-r, 11» 
i.-.i.u I. .-it.. wtiisli-.T :.[!■! 

.,,1. u -ui.;. I. in caeo tho ti 
!■.. ,■„,„■ iruvirii-l.jii* Ii ■■ 
l-in ; «ilh ibo h 



ISOZ -Wjr ««. ^ JSH2 -aWL "W « 



18,000 :■«.«» ss 3E3 ss . 




noir patrons. 

' All Orders will be proi 

i tlii= 

a of 

l them 

•iifto^perj. Somoofliia history, 
rather qoeer to Unlifornlans, but 
j Lo- 

rim,' ■■ 

"How often at Jala-Jalo did I behold hurri- 
canes and Inundations destroy tho fine harvest 
that I had protected with so much labor against 
tho buflilos, tho wild hoars, monkeys, and the 
Locust — an insect still more destructive than oil 
the other pests which I have mentioned— one of 
tho plagoes of Egypt, ueeiniu;:ly tr;,h-.|.-irt.-,l into 
this province, which almost regularly every aevon 
years leave the islands of tbe south in clouds, and 
fall upon Luzon, bringing desolation end often 
famine. Il Is indeed necessary to hovo witnessed 
this desolation to bo able to form any idea oi it. 
When tho LooubU arrive a fire cloud is perceived 
tbo horizon, formed of countless myriads of 
these destructive insects. They fly rapidly, often 
covering, in a closely packed body, a space of two 
or three leagoes in diameter, and occupy from 
five to six consecutive hours in pissingovcr head. 
It they pcrceivo a Quo green field thoy pounce 
down upon it, and in a few minutes all vcrduro 
has disappeared, tho ground is stripped com- 
pletely bare; Ihoy then continue the ir i!i..-l,t , L .|,:, : . 
wbero, bearing on their wings doalroclion end 

"Aliening, It is In (ho force Us, on tho trees, 

free on board tb 

K O S E ! 

casta will be proved, as most faithful to nature. 

The Edition wo qnoto from is that of Bostock 
and Riley, published by H. O. Bohu, London- 
vols., 1850. In book 23, chapter 30, Pliny sayt], 
"that tho smaller kind of .Locusts, destitute of 
wings, arc called Attaleha, and are reputed a 
good remedy for the sting of Scorpions." 

"Book 11, chapter 32. Tho Cicada (geocral 
ancient name for Grasshopper, as Cuvler assumes, 
in his notes on Pliny), also lives on dew and 
F.|iiikrp nuil is divided intn two kinds. The 
smaller kind are born tho llrst and die tho last, 
and are without a voice. Tho others are of the 
flying kind and havo a note ; there are two sorts 
those known as Ackasta, and the smaller ones 
called Tdtigonittj theso last have the loudest 
voico. In both of these last-mentioned kinds, it 
is the male that sings, while the female is silent. 
There aro nations in tho East that feed upon, 
these insects— the Par thi an s, even, wealthy 
and alllucnt as thoy are. Thoy prefer the 
male before it bos had sexual intercourse, 
and tho female after; and thoy take their 
eggs which aro white. Thoy engender with 
tha belly upward. Upon tho back they have a 
sharp edged instrument, by means of which thoy 
execute a holo in tho groood to breed in. Tho 
young is at Qrst a small maggot in appearance, 
after which the larva assumes tha form In which 
it is known as tho tettigometra (or mother of the 
Grassliopp cr.— Com.) It bursts its shell about 
tbo time of tho summer solstice, and then takes 
to flight, which always happens In tho night. 
Tbo insect at Qrst is black and hard. 

"This Is the only living oreaturo tbat has no 
mouth; though it has something instead, which 
bears a strong resemblance to tho tongues of 
those insects which carry a sting In tho mouth. 
This organ is situated in thebtcastof tho animal, 
and is employed by it In sucking, up tho dew. 
[The trunk of tho Grasshopper, Ouvier says, la 

more (ban a foot in length), and 
dry the tegs and thighs and 
oil [Hero isafineold yarn— I 
It is pleasant to read such afla 
if-fact times ; it smocksof Siiibad 
tho sailor, which mou and women will half be- 
lieve, if for no other purpose tbon for tho jollity 
and fun of getting out of tho tyranny of facts, 
and of what is called absolute truth. What a 
pleasant thing it is to lose oneself now and than 
in tho mazy wanderings of tho mystic forests and 
tho illimitable plains of visible nature, or in the 
region of clouds and of airy imagination, where 
no argument or logic holds tha value of a 
ilaco ; for there the weary tniud can fling 
off its slavery of vile cares and anxieties. Wo 
hope ono of these days to see one of tho saws 
made of Locust's legs.— a. b. t.] 

"There is another mode also, in which these 

creatures perish : tbo winds carry them olT in 

vast swarms, upon which they fall Into the sea or 

standing ivstere, and not as the ancients supposed, 

because their wings hovo boon drenched by tho 

dampness of the night. Tho mm o authors havo 

also stated thnt they are unable to fly during tho 

night, In consequence of the cold, being ignorant 

of the fact, Mat they travel over lengthened tracts 

of sea for many days together, a thing more to 

wondorcd at, os thoy havo lo endure hunger 

all tho time as well, for this it is which causes 

them to ho thus seeking pastures in other lands. 

is looked upon as a plague inflicted by 

tho gods (alluding lo tho ravages coin mi I ted hy 

tho migratory Loeust, Griltut mygratorius of 

); for os thoy fly they appear to bo larger 

than thoy really aro, while thoy make such u 

with their wings, that thoy might bo 

of quite 



00,000 FBUIT 

readily supposed to bo winged 

another species. Their nnmbors too 

that they quite darken tho Hun j while (l„: ... :,|,|.i 
below aro BQxIously following them Kill, ih,- ,-, ■ 
to »'.; if thi'y aro about to make a dentin, and 
so cover their Inndu. After all thoy havo tho 
i- ■'I'li-H-.'Uiergics for their flight; and as tbouirh 

it had been but a trifling ™ - -«= "-- 

seas, thoy «'»™ 

-V then 

clouds which bodu destruction 
torching numerous objects by 
- thoy oat away everything 

to tho harvests, 

their very coutc.. 

with their tcolh, tho very doors of the houses 

"Those from Africa are tho onoa which chiefly 
devastate Italy. More than onco tho Roman 
|.->|. • l„iu- beou obliged to have recourse to the 
BybHImc Books, to learn what remedies toompluy 
under their ousting apprehensions' of impeudirjg 



i, l'oiir, fluru, Chorrr, 
1 Ibo ncodoi kinds of 


'roprlotorcf tbisMtcos 
,-, Informs [he public It 

DafUei n tnrjo stocls of 

. Gooseberries, 
and about ii.OOti Grape Vines. 
600 lbs. China Sngar-Cano Seed, 

i'.i [irr.nnnlv ; , 
rofgbt nlll be ■: i ■ - ■ r i- 

L. A.O0TJLD, 1 


t)I;immotll Sqillliill. 

Choice Iscoala. 

oi™ nuortmeat uf OMI 



SEVER HOI.L) M.ll.Klv 

ad tbo nlghl-inadoJ •" rtr,r 

nod dapl" "ho™ I " 1 nlT 

uhing mar bur iho tni ipark, 

break oat in laodnfc: 



oldi or 1*° 

ho Mill Of A BDakG- 



ullco ! » u 



g nail of bot Wood, 

cacrtih the 


. mapon n: 

dOf in 



up with In .due, 

la bo feared thus lb 


lieu* la 

toent to *Q 

uid nhen II em. 


iliee! diil! 

• IfjC-Bvrill, 


aiaanity h 


Hot as 

lumau, mm 



• *.U»r»bo», 

lions lo 

ploidbf fur loro — 

daro, i 


aod, jctden 

To the Cldiana of California. 

S!es9rh. Eoitohs : I hercn-itb forward lo yon 
■ continuation of thn article sunt you by Ibo 
steamer of tho 5th January. Hoping tbat this 
may accord n-ith yonr views and find a placo in 
yonr journal, I send it forth. 

In my last I promised to stale (o yon my "" 
sods for believing Ibat Capt Randills's New Lino 
of Steamships rrould bain immediate and per- 
manent benefit to California. 

The first advantage I propose to consider is 
the decided moral influence it will exott upon 
her own citizens and opontho world. For Stales, 
na well as individuals, have a moral or immoral 
character aad influence. It is wall, while the 
indicidaal or Slate is young, to lake the right 
direction. Beginning right, lays tho foundation 
of immediate and prospective stability in well 

How often has it been said of young men of 
wealth, "that they were very clever, and that they 
might as they thco were, live respectably ui 
comparatively useful ; but why should ibey, with 
all their endowments, their wealth, and social 
position, spend their whole life in puerile 
litityJ Why do they not como out aad do 
something, worthy their name, their Stan 
their country and iheir race i" Let them t 
high stand on the side of morality, virtue 
humanity. Lot a young man, thus situated, 
strike boldly from his compters, who are cor 
to fallow any who will lead. Lot him perfo: 
noble, magnanimous and benevolent act, and 
tinoe in a coarse of well doing, and the prestige 

tbat mill produce as great a change within tho 
neit ten years In tho comfort, speed and safely 
of travel, as has been witnessed since Fulton first 
In his pet boat steamed up the Hudson river. 

It may be said tbat alt this is very well, bot 
does not immediately, or only very remotely, 
benefit us. 

Now my lecond reason is, that it will imme- 
diately put money in your pockets, and that at 
tho end of tho year j'ou Trill have some Dvo mill- 
ion' in "iv money thin you would otherwise pos- 
sess. Toe ships will ,:o,t out. million of dollars, 
out of pocket; very well. You will save tho five 
hundred [thousand dollars per month, In hard 
cash, DOW raid lo fnroie;ii i:oni| nail*, and what is 
more valuable still, uianv precious lives. You 
will pay Sl-OiW.i'i'i' f-jr stem. -hips, and in one 
year after they are built you will have sis mill- 
ions saved to ihe Slate, nr Si, WJ.CUW above what 
bus been expended, and still own the best stock 
in the world. It is unnecessary for ma to point 
out to you, tho great good that this money yearly 
saved by oli classes, might do, in enriching tho 
Sioto, in improving the land?, building manufac- 
turing establishments, in iiml'i.-iiv-r tiio ran- ma- 
iL-rjal. iji-.ning new sources of wealth scarcely 
yet dreamed of, In establishing schools, cotlcgej, 
■iri'l rem marks of I i.-.t. r 1 1 i ri ;jt , in nurturing and sus- 


il link appreciated, 
ower, bow to grasp 
is so long devoured 
is teeth, and cut off 

), char 

mind the admiration of all, and from the im- 
pregnable position ho occupies, mast necessarily 
become irresistible, and sweep away every barrier 
opposing it. So with a young Slate, starting out 
Upon her radiant path of honor, fame and im- 
mortal glory. California is yet young, not 
having even entered her teens. But she is rich, 
surpassingly rich in gold, rich In agricultural 
products, in a glorious climate, rich in physical 
beauty, in tho magnificent grander of scenery, 
but richer for in the sterling integrity, the intel- 
ligence, activity, .iit.;r|Tk'_- r ::::]| and perseverance 
of her population. Why should she not nnw 
with a graceiul bound como into the brilliant 
circle of the sisterhood of Stars, and ware, hiefacr 

r the 


the elements of 

bin herself. She has tho 

, taleni, the Lone, muscle 

mrel c 


of a glor 

wnrld. All t 

■f the grand- 

traiedond rightly 


should he com 
Why should she 
that will add ra- 
ms than alt tho gold 
Let her build these 
splint, or mainly so, 
to her in a moral and financial view, [han may at 
first appear. 

It wonld sorely be a work or hnmanity to build 
shi|.n tl,„t ivill be faf.,, swift am) tou, ,-„>.„,(, i.. ,., 
]>ly It Orcein New York and San Franci-co,' so 

ay travel safely and 
is long been charged 
e safety or her citl- 
,nnd wipe away ibu 
>w tho case. Show 

potrcr.yflt scarcely ki 
You thus hate it in j 
the lion by the mane, t 
your rubilance, lo pull 

his claws, and if you do not now do it, he may 
devour you also, Will you not weigh this matter 
well, and act with tho decision, and energy, bo- 
ning citizens of tho most glorious Sloto ou 
ich tbo sun ever shone 1 
u the third place, it will benefit you by adding 
some one hundred thousand annually to the pop- 
ulation of tho Slate from tbo very classes which 
you wish lo ho there. Miners, farmers, mechan- 
ic-, trruk'smen, merchants and profe.— ion;,! men. 
will bo able then to send for their families, or go 
Tor them even, without spending tho earnings of 
years, to gel them safely there. From San Diego 
to Oregon, from tho Pacific 10 the N'evifh-. the 
whole laud will begin to swarm with intelligent, 
honest, and hardy pioneers. Many will carry, 
large ca pi lols with them, few will brm^ c.ipital 
away. Railroads will be constructed ; splcndit' 
in ,r).: -.nil wind mnong the valleys, and climb u; 
tbo mountain sides. Tbe home of a happy, bus; 
and prosperous population, will cheer all tin 
land. Countless spindles wilt be in motion, 
thousands of looms will weave webs, the wnrp 
and woof of which, tvere |,i.,-li,r.i-d upon tho soil, 
which may well compare with England's duiieeit 
fabrics, or the most celebrated looms of Franco. 

„ i marker c 
e world be insufficient to meet tho demand, yo 
i plant roar seed, harvest your crop, and ■' 
- -* — j port ir ■' - 


t on d cheaper, tb: 
by any State on this side of tho Rocky Moun- 
■aias. Thus yon can, if you will, control tho 
;ro>n markets of tho world. 

There i3 no land whera sheep 
note immediately and permanently profitable 
han in Colifurnia. Vast coal-fields underlie many 
lortiotis ,,f ibe State, which will, sooner or l.ii-.r. 
io opened. Marble, as rare as any imported 
rom Italy or Egypt, exists in manr portions of 
ho State. Iron ore enough to keep scores of 
melting furnaces in constant and profitable opern- 

To render all these adventitious advantages, [■r.-'iii.ilik, tbeie should t, L . at k.isi I,.', It- 
million more of the right kind of citizen- added 
) your present nuniber. Tliis can easily bo 
one in less than five years from tho time your 
learners commence running. You will 
unii.; il,,..s, (He veai- <, at least six millions of 
ollars per annum within voursclvcs, which you 
ow pay to foreign capitalists. Who can tell 

argciy i 

nl .f ilic :, 


J each year! 

a, d ,. l0 

pleasantly, also 

ucing icekless as to 


Stand fo 

lb, I heg y 

very si 


s, thai 

ailo c 


jhof lhlu,, v i ■■: 

be led forth as sheep for tho slaughter to reed 

tl.e l,u„ t -ry maw f the monsters of t]„- de,n. 
lrft_ Ibis work t.e done and it will U hoii thit 

f_,lr :,_,,■„..,„„„. <,,;.[,!{,„ oiM ,„ t ,„./,. ,-,.,., (%ili _ 

!->"M ,,.- ,(:,-, „, Iwdfwut to the world. 
'■■-■■ '" I'- l.iA, u.auy ,e,lly l,el a liltle jealous 

~T r Pl °,^, lQ br ''°fi ° ul ''° "-ccessful 

" "'" h 'ncnt this grand enterprise. Do Ibis 

aural inuVnco as a Stale will ho far 

stronger lbs ... 

Stranger* wi.'liini; to 
know not, always prefer 
-' morality combined 
ajsical comeliness. 

.villi t 

to wilh thofo they 
"ovcahlgh sense 
■ Dl r 'igor, and 

e seeking i 


also thi _. 
far-distout SlAlo, wish and 
'tuly jjr.-fur that Ibo State as such should 
a high-ioned moral characler and infill- 
'1.. i,„t r.ij- yon cannot bo moral ailhoiU 
1 that wUh it yon will w ) e [d a far mightier 

vould be a work that wonld 
C.lifornians will b'^thMeepi^ • W - beDd °'" 

liui,--n n „,- ,vin 8 begun and finished 

'"'" '" l"--"' ! - ■■■■■" H.y ivork, ami tl„. ;,, 
| l : "' ll ;;'l'"''-'-' : '.alled lurlb to accompli, 
- aV T l '"- ■ ' ■->■■ 

61 KI'" ground and accomplish greater work 
In.-, o „,..,.,. .. irv .„..e, 1 „,,aio, 1 t 0( . 
you wnat this cntcrnnao iwiw-. >^ .*. r ^» 

as they have been published 

must of llieolherr 

try. If the work 

e reason to regret it. If others performTt 
will W.heopportunity of leading ibe world' 
»» "f the grandest enterprises of (T 

in'boF inM£a 

"- •""■"< J" ,|r noloofibecc. 

It dono by you, you will ni 

have reason to regret it. If olhi 

the Stale one of III 
in the whole TJnioi 
hi carrying forward this enterprise 

uieiely bui'.-lli the i-liandnjlijer;., who 
from your own cilizens, but also set 
ihosc mighty impulses that will work 
i grander destiny Ihon hos ever fallen to the' lot 
)f any country. Onward is tho wai..b.v.,r.| [1,^ 
N nu'soutrr..,,, i1,,liv „,, „ w ,,sall over tl,e land. 
Ibe multitude is swayed to and fro by thi 
tne current of tlio-.cht flaming out to enlighten 
and benefit mankind. In tho mighty strui ' 
for wealth and renown that is now cotnmene 
yuung as your Slate is, you may take tl„- l. : .„] j,'- 
yon will, and the liviDg lido of immigration roll- 
ing over all your land, will enable yon to plant 
y'."ir..i:.n,l J ,d and unfurl vour banner uj.-.n Hi. 
Sierras snowy i.iiu.tml, n,.| ih. :r ..-it. should evei 
wave, teen nud adinired by tho whole Amcricai 
and re-pecltd l,v the eivili;;...J world 
■ : ' permancnl benefit thai 

Dutch and Gorman emigration will commence 
early in tbo spring, and that those proposing to 
como to thia country ore mostly farmers — somo 
mechanics and merchants — nearly all of whom 
will bring more or less capital with them, and 
they iiil'tid to invest their money in lands, or 
in mnnuracturing establishments in somo of tho 
new Slates or Territories of our dnion. There 
will boa Eieamslii|i precise! v like the California 
Bteainors, connected with thein, running from 
New York to Havre, Bremen, and Southampton, 
thus enabling passengers lo pay from any of 
thoso porls ou tho Oomiueut lo California if they 
wish so to do. Now I ask you in alt candor, if 
It is not worth a strong effort to secure a largo 
portion of that population. They will not go un- 
less you have the means of carrying them, wilh 
their household treasurer, tiieit .liver and gold, in 
safety. Our hoit States ond Territories are even 
now forming plans, and making cxlcusivo arrange- 
ments lo turn that mighty lido as Foon as it 
touches our shores, to their own borders. Thoy 
are building railways and, construct- 
ing roads and bridges, and doing all in their 
power to reader their respective localities desirable 
places for a pleasant and permanent residence. 
In this they are right; I commend them for it 
end so wilt otery right- thinking man. 

Whatever California may think of doing in 
this matter should bo done quickly, for tbo 
heavings of lhat mighty tide are oven now per- 
ceptible on the other side ot tho water. It will 
be far easier to give il a direction towards Cali- 
fornia at Jint, than to dim ils rushing and im- 
petuous power, after it bos fairly begun to Cow in 
io the r direction. 

If no exertions ore undo to this end, I do not 
y that California u ruined, by no means. Bat 
I would simply ask, what you will do 1 You have 
the talent, tact mul rjue-r-jty tie l ..-ssarv to transact 
" a million or tnore. Y.\--t\ .L-mm-i- 
nf dalt times. Why so dull, wilh 
i habits, capital and facilities pos- 
sessed by you! Simply beaiaso your pupuhiiou 
' — small that il is all somi supplied wilh the 
ssarics and even the luxuries nf life. Then the 
only movement in tho business world there, in just 
enough to beep ii IY"m entire ,md nuiulute stagna- 
'"- Clipper ships nro constantly arriving, an. I 



NUESEEY, ■^ a 

; S» mllci rroin Hie 
SttnmUont tertc, 


•TMIE ProprlBtor bai tho pleasaro of olTorlair to tho 
-*-Patraaj of Iho above ejtablljhineatllioproseatMiujoo, 
Iho florr.t eolloctlun of TREES thai will bo nfforod to Ibo 
publlo, both a> to Ado illo nnrl unporior boauty oflbo trooi 
Ibcauolrm, and aim tho mrsl oJtoodvoiu to number ol 
Tits wilmn- ornbraolOE as Ihoy da 
And also an unusually fine crop of 
IjH SEEDS. r.'-j 

All of which no offer upon as re 




n. ItEMICK-Clrclovlllo, Plckawiy Co. 

-fcjra]oi,.:liijl.-:,n(.T I .ji,.i,.. Iiret-1-M 
!:, •■ .SH'iKJ-H' 'U:, CA'll'l.l:. v., I 
lo» na Hick of lie same merit eat 
IvVil-'m.L-l ■ u above 



.s tliey c; 




j^jOni Peach, Apple, Cherry, Apricot,3jj 
2—- Keotaxme, and Plnm Treea. ^S 

landing upon tho -,vh 

c of ttings lead 

ulniion. What will 

if yoar supplies in- 

your consumers? I 

the problem, believing that 

yonr figures will not lie, 

There is another point in relation to your posi- 
tion, in regard to tho Eastern Continent. Japan 
is DOW desirous of entering into u e-onm. --ti-ijl 
trvaty with tbe United .Stnles, und no dnubt a 
treaty, based upon a reciproeity of interests, will 
he laid before the pre^tii (.Jonsress, in such form 
as will bo satisfaui.iry in all p.irtii^. Whenever 
any treaty may be ralilitd by both governmental 
tho true importonce or California will he sevn by 
:,l wor]di Then \he greater yonr in- 

lijjriirul'.- '.i-e.dth, the Iniire fit ..■!;■ ji">U 

Another itnmediato, 
would aarely arise fro_ ._. 

Sle-il],i,lli|,:,, ivill be Ihe ■■■ ■ urili.r ,,|" " 

tbat wtll l, u .l-l ..p the be-t mlercata-gf human 
te-jiety. ,\.,i;...ine peil idijeclion urged by many 
•gainst going there, is, that there is not - ' 
Oneraent, virtue, and polish thcra that 
Hie tMi.j.ine., of ihose leaving the homesand tho 
h-meen.le., in (he East. Even in the larger 
Bidet, society has not assumed that Qaed and 
■ibljle i.:l.-,r-...ter tl,,r ii ],^ L - ,,i,»..,y..,i iii othar lands. 
tamiliei an unwilliti- I.) teaie the elegancies ond 
comforts of established homes until [hoy are as- 
!d at least that thero will bo onoued, r. Lined 
now homes pleasant. No 
io willing to token family 

lety tor. 

bo cut off fron 

J the domestic "fireside. Yai 

. ould 

held socred 

) tber 

my of the choicest spirits gathered from 

.1 land.,, but to ivrdely dissevered, that thoso 
dieady there eanne. liml r.|,, ,,,,,,,,-i^ wj(h wn ; cb 
- rwr und udorn lliu great social fabric. They 
ice't uiany, very !„.„._,. j-uUl-Iil] stones for tbat 

tbe j or , de B f UClU ' ' ^ '""• " ln0 -»™ <" 
r" pr !V e w "try irue American heart, and chal- 
adnnratioa of all. Tho lato financial 
in 1 ""'i 1 " ^ P rjncinil l civiliicd 

storm has s 

't the , 


_ strong giant it 
«King the monetary world toils 
With iron heel, crushed into tho 
pilars of lliutemplesof wealth 
" ■ E^PPmwitu' 
t,i,.ir rilled 

id driven forth their ...„, 
ihe stern realities tbnt clusti 
Oh, will I'm not use 
_ tottad'them W your shores \ Uowmwh 

"f mtellectn..! ive.uh, of l>u:,ine,, na and talont. 
"I meei li .,.ie.-,l skill, of agricultural and horti- 
'■ "Um.:,I l:ii,,„|,;dL-e, could JOU 'lee.jre; v.|i:,t v.nt 
literary attainments to guide, elevatu, n[1 d purify 
suntment arising from tbo new combinatious 
slantly place. 

hero ib anoihor thought connected with this 
Her, that should havo great influenco with all 
j OalirornUni. It is stated that an immenso 


derived fr 

;th tbat vast and po pal ons empire. 
_. vantage ground over all other 

^!...(. , iii ihe Union, every land carrying on trade 
with that country, China or India, nud the ridjii- 
i:ei.t i-liissil;, dj.1 1 1 1 : ■ :- ueeess.-irir,- hee-.iine inl.- 
utaries to your wenllb. You nro ten thou.tuud 
miles nearer the countries nnmed thau Xew York 
This will at ouco suggest to you tbe importance 
of a direct and speedy means of visiting ihe e 
conntries. Tnhine- the Lj.1 in this enterprise now 
lefore yoei-eeiiiiininiiy, you ivill he l.,r better aide 
to jead in, or carry through, another gteanlic work 
of immense importance to the ■.■■mmereiid inter. ,r ; 
oui country. If a treaty thoul.l ho tillered into 
v.ith thai eoutilry within twelve moulhg from tho 
present time. I pre-diel lint htl'iirt- the ni-sl i'r.-.d- 
dent of the Uniltd Slates lutes his seal in the 
White House, there will be a lino of four-nhi ,]._.] 
['..ii.: hi]. i in operation between Japan. Iliim, 
■■■' '~ J - and ban Francisco. Capt. Randall's 
itractcd with u vieiv to tarry coal 
voyages. Think of it, a lino of 
luropc to New York, thence lo 
itill onward to (ho glorious 
'graphical position, Tier elf- 
nia must necessarily become 
. — i well us an agricultural and 
manufacturing Slato. If you now one mil. 
Ing this line with two ships, tbun 
increase inB nnmbor ns Tast as they earn the nc- 
ccasary meam ; yoa will soon have a lino of lino 
:-liip.-, ivhieh in one year will earn enough (.. I,„il,t 
three or four m.-.rtj for Ihe '■Uri..rit.d.'r l dir..r-i,i;, 
and New York Steamship Company." Other linr-s 

Neotarino, arid Plum Trees, 
■y large-sized, many of thi 
, moklns it an object to po 
mako plnatalioni of larffo-sliod tro 

tho frjlb-rinescaloi 

is vrb^. dosi 



noklnB thoir 
' irl-h, as folio- 

ito 7f.ot!iteh: 

at acr lajt State Fair; and all Iho or 

aiwlr.f thwoallaoStat* Folrjof C 
EKQ, Indiaon. Miwueri, Wi-eeri'iu a 


o 6p«t variollei, aurl of nhleh wo can 

from Sboop raised by mo, and «old lo 

of taovoryfiaon 

Of which I will gelt a 


K tlflS. Pp.1' 
• umiLptJf al'.eo 


Shcop in America, nod am confident, that noothorpcr- 

AI(or n r(nloI!i:]UvM['ii;l'M.. I |''!:.-s , i..\'l'lVi^..,i ;S,. 
boat hlood, from Col. Monals' iniiorlalinnj. 
rorfartioruifinDailon— :,i I, ■ 

a. c, xATtoit, 

jiiltraJiYua my ttoe 

Freacli Merino Sliecp. 

B HAt'T\n bnpn fluea^ed in importing aod 

I :-]Ui;]N'.l -l!!.i I'm, -,■■. 


and India, 
ships will be i 
enough for li 

steamers from 

San Francisco, and s 

East. From her gi 

and soil, Calife 

s, bat yi 

will, bo first In the field bl . 

advantages, and become tbe leading coi 
the great comni ere ial movement linst ., 
-1 -- opening of this now uud important 

ill Si.'.:eei.-J 

.., channel of 

trade to our citizens. 

It remains wilh you to say whether California 
Shall be the first and principal oclof, or bo con- 
tent with an unimportant and subordinate part 
and that onfy bttauso her ports and territory ;re 

neeeiisiry adjuncts in securing the, I...-I,, -,{ | 

most lucrative position to thoso who will carry 
away tho spoils, leaving California lo glean tbo 
fields after thVgoldon sheaves havo been jti,. „ ,| 
and carried away by those who make a ,™,i„i- 
.Jiir. of your advantages to enrich Ihemsilve.-i 

Ponder these things well, I entreat you ond 
forget not that now everything is in favor of your 
immediate and prompt action. Commence tho 
work, and it will be completed. Time will not 
pause for yon to consider longer. Interests of 

'''" ' I grave and important character are now 

I'l' lhi> enterprise u|...ri tl,., attention of tho 
' ■'■"iiiiiurmy. Onward rushes the tide of events 
1 hu clashing interests of ihe few, or tho indiffer- 
<">™ and irresolution of the many, will not turn 
ido. Those who are ready and willing to 
g trom their moonnga, and venture out upon 
"telling wiv,., will ,i,co.vf while ibosa who 
! "ehb°n "" lrelnbl0 ' Wi " '" """P 1 Q «°J- ''J 
The P ac r B c iS"n rol d will be an important and 
profltablo aumliary to your work, when com- 
pleted. Iho greater tbe number of Railroads 
from lie East to California, tbo bolter It will 
a, uielly Lolo. all; for the tendency of all these 
fi. iluiL ,; for traveling will increase tbo number of 

In every point of vioiv, California will bo tbo 
great gamer, by carrying out ,,,,,, .,.| itj . lMs „ orb- 
He, r. .im; impertnnce lo the commercial iv.-.Hd ■ 

the pride- and ■ J ,ol„l„,„ i „,„| ,. .,. .j mlur , :iil , „,'■ 

her adopltd ciliieus, alike urge wise, prompt, and 
energetic action, in a mMier „,,;..■!, ,!„....',.. ,...: 
ino.t viU.1, i.e-rnmnenti,,,,.,-,,,,,. M n} - your action 
l,.:::mhi,Mv,ll ,,,„,„ tllu ^ ; od 

grenteu number, and wlie^l tho hrilliaut slar of 
four destiny higher „nd higher iuto ihe moral 
.eavons, until ilsholi flame out with a dairMn.- 
iplendor that shall Indnco all lo ack now ledge il 
is the brightest in the magnificent constellation, 
hat Is ot once the admiration of ail lauds, and 
tho hopo of tho oppressed in every country. 

In the department of 

Shade and Ornamental Trees, 

'nhavo avoryJSno itcelt of all tho loading vortetii 
■rao vory Coo oitra largo trees or tbo 

irllciilarly iho latter, wo havo a iMgo lot of from 10 
I feat high. 

of iho Editor., of ilic O.iLiioti.-iA FAniiEB. 
:i m low as the stmt mclity eaa bo iiurohuedof 
lor porMa. ood ShCEn delivered io Non York, free 

WESTFtELD, Claauiifitc Coliniy, NEW YORK. 

Fanny To wis for Sale, 

lined 3cbrl;l,t 
■liced airi-lil 

to cfio eolufsctloa totWo wl 


SS !S°""- "*™ "•»-*■""•« ->■ j*4 


a r^rw 


;-.:.. r^..M , I.,.. 1 I,.,.,, --,..,., | Illr .on.M(.y L. G. Slnrrij, Elq. 

ivqnalod by anytblog or that iort la tho State. 

Garden Vegetable Seeds, 
this year's crop, duo and of first quality, put 
'da to tho trade, W*i 

v Onto log ue, 

land iv 

2 0,000 


■■.;■■ lii-.J I -, r:.iy .V.:i,ll.,',: h, 
' ,..Jt 1,t Clarlua; bo by Hod. 











runS"?, ^"f CaUfoml. Fmll. 

J- j:.,od,' U , ,h. FnglrS^'l^K "l 'thrSU^H; 



Clje (ErttUfurma farmer. 



CalKominus All Coming Book. 
"Let well enough olono!" Wo ""^ bcon 
permitted to make uso °f tbo ««™sed !*«« 
from Michigan, addressed to a, friend in Napn- 
In this letter, wo hovo the evidence of tbo great 
odvantagos Wfl have in California, for all the 
comforts and blessings of life. Tho writer of the 
letter Is on old Califoraiun, bat left here four 
years since to better himself on the Atinutio aide. 
He booght afurm and settled down— but ho tolls 
his own story, und it speaks volumes. Ho is 
homc-stok. and wants to como back. Lot 
farmers bore, that over dnro to complain of 
prices, read this letter, and compare tho amount 
usually grown per noro in the Eoslcra States, 
with tbo toil to raise it, and theo wilwio the 
crop. How will it compare with California . 
Wheat, 15 and £0 bushels per sore, and 45 cents 
per bushel; Barley. 25 bushel* per acre, and 35 
cents per bushel ; Oats, 25 and 30 bushels per 
acre, and 15 to 17 cents per bushel. Thus wo 
sec that tho dual crops yield $9 per sore, 
barley $5 75, oats SH to S5 per aero ; quite a 
contrast to California. We hope these foots ■' 

would like to know, if 

create a spirit of cc 

g tboao who think 

Imposition Fpoa tho PubMo. 

3 have often csutioned all who desire to ob- 
tain good and reliable trees &«., against tho mass 
rf trash peddled in oor streets in city and country 
md forced off at auction. There I, . species of 
imposition now practiced, that should receive 
check, or great evil will result from ft. It « ^ 
-aciice now to announce almost all the salsof 
cc, ibrubs, fe, forced of at tabm, as from 
premium nurseries, Grst premlui 
ipecial premium ourserl" *' 

Now, in all reason, "< 
a person obtaining a premium yoars .go upon 
irticles then in eUstence, and long since gone is 
,|ways to father upon a State Agricultural So- 
ciety all the blame that results in years' accumu- 
lation of trash. Is everything a man has on his 
m a premium article, because ho took a 
■mium for his calf: then as well might a man 
I lilacs and pinks, and call them premium, as 
claim it for them, when his premium only 
rested upon a poach, pear, apple or plum tree. 
We hope the truo legitimate nurseryman, and all 
Others will look to this mailer. It looks like the 
fashion abroad nf "shoemaker to ber Mnjosty." 
Dt-maker to her Majesty," *o. Where pro- 
of great merit receire premiums deservingly, 
that fact, published in a legitimate card, is enough; 
but to handbill it for everything thi 

of leaving, and prompt them to renewed effort : 


Tisimu*, Japaarj 10th, 1E6& 

Fmesd $ : I am bore yet in this land of 

prairies ; but should not have been hero had not 
fha times turned against me. so that I could net 
sell ; but I havo concluded to reduce my price 
us low as I can afford, and try to sell in tho 
spring or eummer following. It is impossible 
to make much calculation, ahead, here. Ever 
einco I made up my mind to go back to Califor- 
nia tho limes huvo been continually growing 
worse, so that it has been next to impossible to 
sell. Grain is very low, wbeut 45 cents, barley 
35 cents a bushol; and they both havo come 
down from gl 50; so you see tho effect it must 
have on tbo country. Oats aro 15 and 17 cents 
a bushel. 

I do not eipeot to make anything hero if I 
should stay, and I daro not make too mooh 
sacrifice in selling, for fear it will take too long 

to get it back. 

I see by tbo papers that Napa Valley is get 
ting to bo one of the places. Now my opi 
Is, that any one that was ever in California long 
enongb to learn the advantages of tho State, 
a fool to try to live in any other State in I 
Union; and I find that most of the relumed 
CuUformnus art' i>f iho farm.' opinion, but soma 
aro situated as I am, and some another way, 
and so on, but by and by you will get us all 
back thcro again, oicopt what starvo or frocio 
to death these hard times; though by tbo by 
wo are having a very mild winter. 

I see by }"ur ['fipiTr, that you are beating the 
world in raising fruit; but it seems to mo that 
tome of it must bo a liltlo miied. Do you 
thiufc tipples are going to do well there 1 I did 
not used to think that they would, but you can 
judge, belter at this day. than I could when I 
was there ; further, 1 did not toko any interest 

in the subject at that time. I think F will 

sell, too, and retorn to California us soon as be 
Can. Write and let me know something about 
the price of stock with you, horses, cottlo, etc. 

Wo aro all as well as usual, but my health is 
not as good here as it was in California. 

Yours with much respect, J. M. L. 


a gross impositioi 

ind should be i 


Well-merited Compliment 
o happy to lay tho following honest ai 

We i 

generoas expression of feeling towards Agricola, 

from a farmer, boforo our readers. Ho is only 

of a thousand, however, of thoso who will 

ys feel grateful to Agricoln for his most 

and scientific efforts to promote tho cause 

of Agriculture : — 

Siciasiwto, Feb. 15. 1SJS. 
Editors Fahstec; I am a subscriber to 
jur paper. If you think proper to send mo a 
puree! of your Seeds, I will make good ueo of 
m. I might stato hero, with regard to yoor 
rati, that on landing ia San Francisco, last 
June, from tho States, my first object was to 
look np fi good work on Agriculture, Horticul- 
ture, etc., und I was informed there was no work 
of that kind oitant, as yet, in California. 1 
finally got bold of tho California Farmer, 
and read an article signed by Agriculn. 

This was tho very thing that I wanted, so I 
subscribed for your paper, forthwith; and Inow 
declare, to yon that nothing affords 
pleasure than my walk to tbo Sacramento Post 
Offioo every Saturday aftoi 
valuable journal. Let Agricela tour Lbut there 
is one tbat wishes the blessing 
nouoced npon Humboldt, by his King and 
friend ; ''That his days and strength be long 
amongst us, to teach us tbu practical workings 
of Nat 


General Directions for CnlUvaUne Flower- 

KSfJ in,!"!. «,, .«.'• 

"Of all kinds of Dowers," remarks Mrs. London, 
"tbo ornamental garden nnnnnts are perhaps tbo 

most ■ "-■ 


! pufHIllt. 

is iisloni-hin; 

To Odb He, 

Wo tender our 

who are so kind as to fnrnish us (acts in either 
department of the science i a which we are en- 

As wo remarked in our las. I iiouc, ive shall now 
soon close the history of ibe Locisla, and ire can 
then present n greiler opportunity for the appear- 
ance of oor numerous correspondents and friends 
The truly hcautiful letter from our correspon- 
dent 'Saliie," is worthy tho special nolfce of all 
who love home influences. This is a [heme lhn> 
we sincerely bopo will receire morn alttmlloi 
from those, ready writers of the present day. 
Home is the great corner stone of all our best 
institutions; it is the key-stone which must be 
placed in the triumphal arch which secures 
human happiness. 

Tbe second of the scries of Musical Entertain- 
ments has been received. 

Wo regret that we are obliged to defer any 
article sent from our friends ; but wo know they 
will pardon ns when ihoy see our crowded 

T7e received by tbo Golden Ago, thil came so 
suddenly, valuable manuscript from our friends. 
"Building Anew," a prose sketch of remarkable 
beauty, and "Than or I," a gem for iho poel't 
corner, both from our aecouinlishel correspond. .nl 
"Florence Percy." 

TVo received from Mrs. E. W. Farnhflm, 
New York, a valuable letter, which will appear 

We received, also, valuable leltcra from the 
cier icvly pen of B. 

Letters on the Crops.— Thanks, friends, thanks; 
your valuable favors shall all havo place. 

Tho Little Pilgrim camo to our sanctum (a 
bnodle of them), in order we beiiere. to remind 
us of a duly. We shall send lncsc . ^^ [q IU om 
who d*sirc them ; and wo hope that all who wish 
a valuable newspaper for their children will 
and sub scribe. 

Another Important Latter. 
Although the following was Strictly a private 
letter, yet tho character of it, its importance to 
.he varied interests of our State, especially that 
if Mining aod Agriculture, as alluded to by our 
:or respondent, and the bint tbat the subject of 
igricolturc among the mining distrieii ii. brjtin- 
ling ro reeeivc that attention which its value to 
.he/e dir-.trkts demands, urge us to publish the 
utter, in the hope of calling out many facts from 
those who are practically engaged in agriculture 
in all these localities. We shall bo most bfcppy 
to hear from Ibem all. We thank our corre- 
spondent for his letter. Tho sect) has gone for- 
ward, and wo trust many years hence to still And 
him among our enrolled subscribers and corr 

Messes. Warden & Co.— Gentlemen : 
notice in the farmer on olTer of rare am) «1 ._ :-iiai.l, 
seeds to new and old subscribers who desire to 
have them. I hardly know to which class you 
will decide I belong. If, however, I am not an 
old Kiili-crilier, I intend lu be. 1 hope this in- 
tention will entitle mo to receive your present of 
feeds. 1 should esteem it a great favor also to 
reeciTO a copy of tbo Potent Office Reports. 
Could a copy bo sent to mo by Wells, Fargo &. 
Co's Express 1 

Although mining is by far th 

.i.-iidl) , a-sv 


" says tlu samo excellent, i'IiuW rruri'li beauty may be displiyu] ii 
little garden only a Tew yards in extent, by a toj. 
fnl arrangement of ornamental annuals. Many of 
tbo [towers now grown in our gardens aro not 
worth culture, but tli>.-y art' gri'wn year after year, 
because their l;now ilum, and do not 
kn..w iinvlhing Ittrtter." 

The culture of annuals has two great ndvanta- 
tres over the culnin- u( all dihtr lioivers wbatover. 
In the first place it ii attended witli less eipenso 
than any other description of dower culture ; aud, 
in tin: -eeund, nil tin: enjoyment of which it is suf- 
ceptible is obtained within the compass of sis Or 
tidil monlhs. The seeds of annual Sowers cost a 
mere trifle, and tbo OKncnsO of stirring tbo soil, 
sowing them, ami thinning them when they come 
up, is also very lilile ; while Ihe effect produced is 
as great or greater than that of many bulbs or 
tubers, and most perennials. 

Tho flowering planL", which are denominated 
hardy, are such in me c.i|nhle of enduring ntiy nr- 
diiuiry weather incident lo our climate, such as 
fnisty morniuRS ; |.roviJed. always. Iliat the plants 
bo advanced hey.inl their seed-lcif, when esLposed 
to sharp frost, i.lherwh.e the hardiest may coanco 
to be cut off, as we have seen the young leaves of 
the oak destroyed by un accidcotal frost in Iho 
early part of Enniuier, in Ihe northern climate. 

As one of the chief points in the cultivation of 
annuals is to havo ihu seed germinate well and 
quickly, nnd to get the plants in their second leaf, 
it U obvious th.U u ;;oJl either very lielil and dry, 
Or very heavy and wet, will be alike unfueorulile 
in ordinary sims-mus ; Weanse in tiyliL, dry soils, in 
a cold dry spriii;;, the s'.vJs Inive neilher enoufjli 
of warmth or moisture to dissolve their alhumeo 
and climulutc the embryo ; nnd in heavy, wet se 
Ei.iir, the eml.yro is rend'ered dropoeal nnd [n:ri:-lii 

These evils must be ol'viatvl i- lir n po.= = il 
by i-uitulile ilipjpin^, or by nrlifi.-inl shelter. T 
sludge from a pund or a canal, if it can be pro- 
cured, or in lien o| this, some well-rolled dung "" 
leaf mold, dug into a soil loo light or dry, K 
tend to make it retain water, more particularly if 
it be mked very line. In heavy, wet soils, lojuin, 
an opposite war;'. 1 mint l.e pur-ucd, by repeat: dly 
ruie-ii iliL'L f iiiL-. by avoiding lino raking, and by 
ili'.'.-im.' in lime and allies, ho of not til overload llie 
the soil with them. In v,.rv v.el -oil: il n.i-lit l.e 
advissblo to roife little hillocks about a ' " ' 
ameier, and less or more than a foot 

The best time for sowing Iho seeds of annuals 
will in some cisv.- depend upon the lime when the 
plants are required to blow, and in others on th 
species. Tho middle or end of February is th 
In-ji time for general sowing, and even this ii to 
early for some sorts. Successio'iiB may be sow 
every I'ortnighl, which will, of course, produce 
sucees-ion iii the fluwerini:. llo'ii^h, as the seaso 
advances, tbe latest sown ones, owing to th 
greater wnrmlb of tbo weather, will make such 
rapid advances of growth us greatly lo diminish 
the intervals of flowering. 

The mode of towing is to make circles or from 
four to twelve ineln = in ilium. -ter, according to 
size of the sorts along the borders, making the : 
smooth, scattering the He.-.d-; evenly, and not 
thick, and cover-in.- ili.m lightly by sifting mold 
over them. The rnke is not a convenient imple- 
ment id these sowings. 

An excellent mol.-i.f protecline tho iMedlings ol 

tbev have beeu sown, flower nols of pronon 
size, raised above Ihe soil by means of a 
wood or brick, lo tin- height of an inch or more, to 
admit air. In case of severe weather, they may 

be plueed d.inii on the -nrruce. and Ihe hole covered. 
The flower pots over the seeds, after the first teo 
days, ought to he examined every two days, and 
a.i soon us the feed leaves are -ten pointing tlir.mgU 
the eround, lifht end air rlmuM be admitted by 
raising the rim of ibe pot lo tho hicht of two Or 
three inches, tin the plan Is gelling into their sec- 
ond leaf, and uc.piirine a linle vii^.r, the pots may 
bo removed altogether, iinle.-^lhe weather prove 
bleak, when ihey may he replae. d, as I lay '.liniild 
always be during Ihe uiglil, where the trouble ol 
doing so is not an objection. At this singe of 
ll.eir ;:rov.'lh. slugj uml .naili mn,( be watebed. or 
they will frequently devoor all the yonng plunts. 
These flower-pot [iruteetors are verv adv.nilageuiii 
for keeping the v:*U in I lie dark, And thcdoil snf- 
hcierilly moisl till ^erminalion commences ;—ror 
kevping. Ihe ;ee,l-: iv.,nuer, by preventing the Iush 
of beat ibroogb evaporation aud radiation from 
the soil, and eon .'■' ntrat in.- ihe ,=un'.; beat throu-l ; for war dine' '■ll'.u'ei.l.mml ir,..os.,ind, v.-lli'i 
is no important, our li,::ie V raini. which ofli 
v.a-h Ihe tod off the se.d, and i-veu Ihe sued away 
from the depredation 

about Ihrrc month) in adva 
tho Northern States, and i 
February with u 


o.l P 

,.( (lie elim 

;nn onlculat 
to May thorn : 

■nlniib].- guide ... 

urge, however, tint in all our Gnrdoniri| 

"Vina, wo should bear in mind our ilitj 

id that dicp cultivation is of tbo higl 

portauco to tho gurJonorandomuteurcu 

Post Offiob.— Wo waitt to say a word f> 
id Post Office, and for all interested in it, 
lis our city — wo should say tho great oommo 
iol city of California. Col. Wollor, tbo prose 
lOutnbout, with his Assistant, Mr. Forgusn 
have now been long engaged in bringing tl 
i into n perfect sluto of discipline; and wi 
Col. Pry, tho Moil Agent, tho Post-offioo mi> 
ters of tho Slate are approaching to a wise ai 
wholesome order. Wo havo often been prose 
It tho reooption of moils and Rt tbo hour of d 

* tbei 

and deoision of notion that tend to con 
success. We trust that no cry of "rotut 
offico," or ony other ory, will bo raised, 
movo those who havo labored long and fait 
for tho goJd of tbo public. Wo trust 
friend of a good system will mtiko their i 
knoivn, and that tho present officers, Po.itm 
Assistant nnd Clerks, who cannot bo bet 
may bo continued, and permitted to go o 
improving fur tho public weal. 

Loss of a Splendid Fhekcii Merino 
Ono of thoso largo and superior full-b 
Ranis, imported by Samuel Brannan. 
somo timo since, nnd placed on bis ranch 
silo Nicolaus, on Iho Feather river, disnp 
very suddenly within tho presant week, 
has become of him is unknown. Ho wa 
by the herdsman half an hour before ha 
bring thorn up. Wbetbor ho fell from th> 
of tho river and perished, or wandered 
other flocks, or was stolen, is unknown ; 
events wo mako this notice to call tbo ntt 
of all persons to tho root, and to nviak- 
solicit tho attention of any porsons that mi 
hear or know, of this animal, dead or 
This Hum was a full-blood, horns 
having grown into tho bead tho past yea 
have been cut off at tho poiat; nook very 
with monstrous donr-lnps. As tbo loss ol 
an animal is a public loss, wo ask of nil p 
in that vicinity to render us information 
animal, if possible. 

Directory of Advcrtiiemenu. 

Thanks.— Wo are indebted to Preen 
Co., and to Alia Eipross, with news frt 

To Kierski & Brothers, for copies < 
Stato Agricultural Society's Eoports. Wi 
speak of them noit woek. 

To Senator Gwin. many thanks for 
ments and Seeds from tho Patent Office, 
shall bo carefully sown for a good crop. 

A parcel of tbo fumed Wyandot Cor 
received by us from Geo. S. Bondoll, 
Ballimoro, Marylund. Wo shall ondec 
see it planted and report. 

Godoy's Lady's Book, oitro copies, ci 
us. Tbo first three numbers of the p 
year arc truly elegant, and this book sbu 
in tho bands of overy lady in tbo land, 
plates of embroidery and needlework nro 
' of tbo book. 

Wo n 

ruly r 

r lliuok- 

Harvcy, Esq., for tho basket of splondi 
matoos sent us. Tbcy wero a luiury, i 
Fresh Tomatoes in February. What e 
fri.-ilda East to this! 

beginning to demand attention; and ther. 
of importance in connection wilh i 
lo our soil, climate, ond locality, which I 
think mijhl he reported nnd discussed in 
Valuable piper, and Lend largely to odvani 
interests of mountain farmers generally. 

Yours respectfully. p. [J. p. 


We spent a little lime very agreeably tho past 
greek, in the warehouse of the above named 
irorking merchant, and counts we were pleased 
wilh many fuels galbered, relative lo business 
and business prospects, ond especially thoso re- 
lating to improrenionts in Agricultural Imple- 
. Mr. Arthur has o large and excellent 
stock— largely beyond Ihe figi 


Iotkl.— This Hotel is gain- 
.vor every day, and has be- 
.t fashionable hotels in our 

nl— and 


lon.ull' nt 1 

elin-ed under tbo best s 

special attention to this 

rei'iin, which is a very 

wo have said Mr. Arlhm 

this wo know ; and wt 

sync" in California (tho years tbat tried tnor 

chants' souU), and Iben we saw our friend Arlhui 
"" coat, roll up Blcoves, and work, work, work 
i"'i il v:„ iron, thai ,]„,., f r ., m 
kuioll Beginning that his present large :,i.,.;k Iiil 

tricing merchant 
nber years "Ian 

. mdliL „ 
i and oslablisbcd. 
i rewarded. Weil 
ir columns. 


iueh industry will aln-ays 
ito attention to his card ' 

The Gallery op Abt.— Vunoo's C 
now tho most splendid exhibition eulli" 
Pacific Const; and far specimens of n 
as aro embraced in Photography, An 
and Daguerreotypes, wo boliovo a mo 
did collection bos novor been shown, 
gallery will bo seen all tho various styl 
ort in their highest perfection ; aud fuee* 
miliar as household words" to our oilizi 
bo seen truo to lifo. This gallery is 
place of popular resort. 





e see by 

record of the 


ol the 


insl., that 

Collegiate Ins 

i til It 

ltenicia a 

nd tbe Sn 

Olni-a College, 

ioiIi in 



ol young men thi 

ond decorum, 

.", i ;"! 


spini, ener 

and Iho Instil 





of birds, or mice, and of rai 

When Ihe inverted poLi aro not usd, it will be intu^. on-, il'lhe weather lie dry end not very 
e...ld nr Id-ill;, to eiv..- oei.-a-.ional 1 1 er 1 1 '. v.-aTeriiie-i, 
will, a Iine-u. ,■'..! jioi, liotl, before and ufler ihe 
plinils eome. up. The eveninp is the hesl lime fur 
■.'.■iilerin;.'. iluriii^ mild weal her ; the mnriiiiiL' \-> 
best when there ia frost during the iiijjht. As 
1 the plant r- ere about nn inch ln"-li. th.y 

c lea to' 

Little more is requisite during tho growth of 
tin plnnln than [o keep them free from woo,!-, 
ml, choulil they jjroiv to., eloneor ei..r.:.i..l 
bin them a second time. 


When tho nlmus, either reiu..l in tho indoors 
■ r in ii friune ..r hotbed, are lit for traiiHph.nlino, 
li« i. nl.. .r II,- ,n -h-ivcry weather ,li,,.,|d 1„> 
■le,.-cn; and if this ib.i.-i n, ,( i.oeor, Ihe after 

li,|..r „ 1.-.' 

n full leaf. Violet: 

ho samo as annual 
lor. The reader 
subject, for full at 


nsiderab'ly s 
cs of currants 

tld the 



buds of ros 


wo seo in th 
r able cotem 


rnal. Woll 

I}' tr 


J i sing^larTj 

bachelor- like editor 
; hut wo both mca 

msoof our patrons 
that sent their favors at tbo last monienl shall \„ 
ittuuded lo next week. Our readers mil ,,1,.-,.., 
iuok to our Met. * 

lially adapted (o the delii.iie con-iiiuiion' 
les siilfeiing from any derangement of tl 

ions. If iho paper on which 
vater-mnrked ''Uolloway, Ni 

io bouk 

and 1/jndon," tho medieii 

otherwise. In looking for Llie "i.ler-oia.k, ho|.| 

""■■ I'-'l'-'-Wlni.-n ihu evuMaud llie light. 

^oldat lhe„, :1 „„ra, : l.;H.,s.,\o.¥0 M.n.l..,,).,,,^ 
^ev.■ \ ink. i.imI No. -l\-\ Strand, homlon ; and l, v 
all druggists, at 25c, 024c, and §1 p Cr hox or pot. 

Ljwwr,D,. 1 cKi. t n,,v r A c ™^l|. nul0 nlorihe M Talua- 

M " '■■■-'■',■ irrj O'.i '111.., ci [],( i|-,,..„ .|, ,„ ,, '.' 

vooilonal hnmiie-n ' ■|..,i 1 ....| il,-..-. -n,'., '..'.''. i'i [U: '-,'., ',° : : 

" -, t.-.v,-, ,.l rl,..m ],.:;., r,c,, !ri 1, „„.] r ,.j„ L , ic .|, 

le lili t» their Ir, r, „„- ,.„, ,1,,,. l'l, ,£J. 

luiiIiT lifrani llie m..!. ■:■[ ill nr.ti-.i-, (r„lu tho loftrurd 

r 'h-.i,.l vi,-.,i, i [ 1U ,„uliii,i.|... .",,-V,,., ...iV:...,! ,; i,,' , e l 

lVocaiiout hcl|. .>.i„,iiii.,.- Ik i (I • u-j,„ I,/,',,',,,.'.],. [ 

..V -iu.. i, llv :..-■. . '■„-. I .,,1:., !■■■ :■ ' ,. 'll-,l':'!!,..:./ r "ir'Vr' 
uiont, noro iejnreil lo Ihe em, ,.,„! ,-.„„,| |, v [I,,, „, b , ,. 
IW..K b b cm J»nv i!m; lr-,ib ,.(,„. I, .,,, mi; r , ,„m, -.-.n 

nnJ ileclora lliat rii.m.r I, !■ n'. ..Li a,), ','f .'.n'l 'ilVil' 'ill' 
"Ojup|«10lol»vi,il.|,.;,„.| I ,,,.,11,1..;.,, ,:,,,„ I,!,,,,,,..,,,. 
N..I 1 rln- rr.-|-10:] I., .„l.,,.r,l,,. I., n-,-,, ,|,, „ IT . Kl , n „, 

i.....i,H,,ve Hi a the .i..,-|.i, n ..( i Ik, Tvorid on tho 

DS- Wb havo ju.t ie,„lv.:d fn.,0 Hk Kli it-mo of Iho 
ellel,;ll, 1 ii,|.,ll,« r „ K ^l.;,; llS orortwe lvcd 
in Cillfinnlsj ameuH- tr,.:,,, n m nil Invuico of Pure 
LA1VT0S UL,ACUIIKHIiY-llio„„|v],.linthoeouatrr, 
anil vfarrantcd ficjh and [.uro, crop of 1657. 

Tho oolleotlan nn inoda by Mr. J. Q. A. IVamn, and 

Also, oranlBs, r,o..„.[ r'l.HtLJT THEE SEEDS— Iho 

Tln-.i. .l<-ir,.ei.ntf,,i,-..|,., 
callatoneanUnr ,,iii, ;i ., I V H 

toT Lniilon Blncklmirj - Soea.— A : 
IM-' ■ rr^.1 nru now luidy, ocS can bo ) 



Hntcmsos 1 Maoamhb.— This truly Califor- 
nian monthly appears for March io mors ihan its 
usual elegance. It is embellished with portraits 
and sketches of character of the chief magistral!) 
Of our State, and tho principal officers of the- Slate 
comment, with an interralinE sketch ofTclllmn " 
tepee accorDp«Liicd with spirited engravings, and 
with much other excellent mailer, indlaling a 
growing pro^perilr to this mngmiiiB which we 

Steamer Neks.— Tho Golden Ago being 
Eign.iL'J ot (he time of going to press, we felt it 
a dot? to give oar readers a gleotn of aeire. It 


The Hihtort of the Locust Attn Qr, 
hopper. — This very important history, which 
has been published In a series of numbers in 
journal, will be completed, wo expect, in tho 
number; and we ah. II then publish it in a b 
soma pamphlet form. This will be the only 
■Toiiipltio lira wry of these insects ertr published, 
and must be invaluable; and for Intercast 
no w call Btlention to it, ns the edition wi 
bo large. Those who desire copies sboold send 
their nutuea early. Tho price of the work will 
bo fifty cents. This work has been prepared 
with creat care, and after untiring researe 
A. S. Taylor, E=q., of llonlerey, one of the 
indefatigable historic writers of the Pacific i 

CO, r»l»cd In l-illftirolt jro 

m requiring S^dj lo ijuintiii.-, 

Good. Dalem, «nj ot 

art, orJorwl N'tinery Stock ft 
.? fi i r ^ ^ r : t e J Lt Exr-rcsa, oho 
nit for the receipt of tho nine 

IR'S LEAD l>£.VC0.9_L«id 

fat nod t&dc, ami cdautcd . 

he dkh«7 firenrth, tmi jrtcldj 

■II dcilen, eieiywben!, br 23 cenu per BotU 
Proprietor! ud Pcrfiims™, 

PARK & WHITE. WbeJnale [ 

Vaacbw, California. 

dflucn of Iho Baton of H'iU Citrry ni 

eh cj'u-fil ilordro tic quicut by Ju rracmb 
i bottle 01 tLa ukninm need dm q 
iotmdreLi cm, >]«„, biVgund rnjy u , 

'»Ud(Ido iinwi, BoHon, P 

J pHr.u rum,) M ^ w ^ FlK . 
oluwUaltolBu 1 «,b,Dnij B uti 

1VII.LJV-! A. li.VM.IHi-.l.OI', 



Id TJ S X O , 

Genuine I (it! i;t ii Strings, 

Dollor. will do p 
63" Waolcuio 


m Homo, Itnlv. 

alii j before pur 

ITS Washington street, 

Import*, dlnwt from tho Midii fact Eton and Poblisht-r* 

Ed'crsicj^.ri INSTRUMENTS, 


f?/« Booti, Mosses. Oratorios, Operas, 

Jon Una Blna-ine: Bwkj, IodnictiGn Bonki for nil Ipstru- 


Fancy Articles and Toys, 

And wit*. WHOLESALE and RETAIL, tarcr loan 

.<v.y.;.h,T ^uUilKti,.! t;,L-> ; ,„.|. in ColLforola. 




»48 llrond.var, New Yortt. 

Agencies Uiroughoal the United State*-. 


Sau Francisco, California. 


jh the iltttul.-Ti ..1 ll,.> Vr:., .-li,,;: I'ul.l!., 



ricultui-al I m piemen 

i Goods well adapted v 





Martin, Wood and'eiato Berlr. 

BII-LlARD"' L iuE. 

Churns! Churns si Cuurns I I [ 

u^uiJ San Tim, M, nrJJ a .,d L.ibor. 
"piIE Djjdor.laiiiKl li bow to.l[in B iho Mlebmted 


'I'V^'i'.''""' ,|, ;"'';v' ! " 1 --»:'"' '■■":"■!' PSEMtDM 
-f tho r^ple " ChDra lh " h " Bua ""■ »l'i.™toii m 

m oolticeu Bayli anj Dnua. 


No. 183 Clay street, 

Neap, the cohs-eh r or Keabky, 


Oil Clot li, 

Upholstery Goods, 
Paper Hangings, 

Vi in tin'.-. Shades, 
Gilt Cornices and Mouldings, 

Partlaj from loo country will Cod It to thoir fnttsrert (o 
call, before porcbaiiaj. 

And tbc Clicapeat Houso on tho Pacifio Coast, 
nS-Doo't forcel ibo number: 


relr the SUPEUIOH A 


For Fnmiliia or Single Gentltmen, 

thif eltj. 





TTi.-IIHi l j,|.ITi:!t\Ti.ii(l-;. Ai(;jC3. 

J urine III! 

Ihe "j:;Ti:ii:.'.\T[i.':-.';] 

i COACH," QDdor tho iuporintondeoce u 
HITH, lalo Stago Agtatal Sacramento City, ia It 




Best and Most Extensive in (he Slate, 








WATElt COl^nS, ifcc, Aw, 





A Splendid Assortment or 


uO,O0O volumes 




Journal of Rural Art and Eiiral Taste. 

Conducted bj J, JAY SaOM, Editor of tho North 
American Sylva. 

I'll:: In.rr.-ir,-.' |.,-... ,T Kr.:..| !.[-.■ 3,r . ; 

' '■ '■.-■■ '.'..■ .,; |'U!t.., 1,1..] li I. l:.-l|. ..-.-.. ii il: L . 

' " ' '■■ r """ ,:i '■'"". 'I". ■". L. :..-. il-r 

[i -.ii -■ ny .... ■ r- t..-r!. .it ,1 f-.i, I.-..! .. r , :r ].v in i;;-. .-.r 

V'VV 1 




'vL-nv i' ; ' : - 1";;;:;;. 1 ''; ;;: ■ i "■" ■ -"'^■^ ^ d tb ™*< 

Z. IVliEELER, aonerlatemleot. 
„. Ar-tioN RAsai. Dca yi 1B3T 

m.l-i. lotfrrirv, I!, -,!,-■,. J, : ,v.- !„...„ „ „.. .,,,;.■". ,, 
■"I ■" : ','' I |',',V ■,',i i ■■!' 1 ' l ; , " J,l ": :,|,, -"" ll - ,, " v --"ri<'.fo"'U.s 

i. CAHLSdCS.iilii.'t All. H loins Co. No. 1 

I"!.. "I'KIl'Ulll.t.:,;,!.!,, ..].,, [i,,...., ■,,!,. ,, ,,„ IIN) tlj „ [!lf . 


Regular Ui Npu tcii Liu 


Jg- THE Clipper B„ t KlijfSV BtAJOR, 

™onmo.f«^« n 7 l «J'll^ ^ [o' , * B ' e,,, h """^' , "i : ^'- : "'^°'' 

■l.l....!:U-, ru .„ 

< J. i jIl. .1 iii ,,„ ■,„ i ii;,., !.,,„],, 

Tl FIK8— TtroDoltaHajBarj Foot Copta for Six OdI- 

--I1, i J",.:.n , ;.. '',,.',, J i-, 1 :.', j.Vf.'i r.'.'.f,.-! In [Ac OEH tltfa 
;.^-.\l| ...l..'.-,i|.i'.i:. ,ni-'i 1,.- i„i,lr. -■■ .! to the Acimu, IT 

a l;itn:i,|- t: iii-i.ii.[. linrvil 

Not IV, IS, „od Jl Minor nmt, PlilIiJclBbli. 

WAHilES i CO., A.-, tit! f„rftestMiveworlr for (Mifti. 


Prodnco CoomijBlon Morolianta, 

Stongo taken »i lowat mist io Firs-P.oof awrw o 

e^ N. REYNOLDS & CO., 

jS.Ptodneo and General Commission Marchanta, 

'' '-■''lT-1 H«0„ C.,11,,, 

Ehonhom. ou 

Tj 1 1 ■ n -u .; h -li rc.1 A jnbln do 

dtapotj taaiubJacE, AJdcoi 

S WARJU-N Jfc CO., Call F.nner Olbco, 

KS- RE3ISTRY OF STOCK.-AH rrlio aro [nlorerlad 
inthopunho-oaoil (ala o( St*-!;, of "v,.T ? ,k,Ti|.M.„, 
Kill flnil a Rccitto, k tl ,t „i our Offlm, Tor Ibo air; ol all 
Stock for iale, Ba d tholr.fall and correct [^dlercoi- x, 
but r-or.™ 1,1,., bav*Sloskf,.rralft,ot wl,li to pturhafo 

i. 'Jhoie in i 

nolfnil Stock Droetloii 



'" I'-'-'-Tl.nftiH.fAnrit 

««-. ^Horw ud HorJema^lfp of *e . 

■k D( the I 

G. P. L0UC1CS, 
'i. P "S™vSrf laini ™ Mctel " ult 

I.' o! si.™';, i^ 1 " ?««!«„. H. E. Harp.r, 

^ L00.11IS, HARPER 4 STEWARir^ 




£ lilies' StjartKnt. 

Ki jo Fral, 
And nhln 

[For thu CaliluniH Jmnwr.) 
khto FILOST. 

Did, <Ulki 




Of iiu-... . 

ThOT hue coal "J "™ "■ 

Ob Ibe I*" W* brootb t " blonj, 

.And It cblltitbeir blood. 
Id (t Ibo broken windows, 

Throngh the ihakj doors, 
lTboro lho orphans are, nno nidoirt. 

No warn. elotBM there repel bio, 

Camber from him p>; 
They dihiI broitbo his bri 

All th.lonr, "hill "ielerr 

Toils he In the cold, 

Homo Influences. 

NioUT bus follaa, bnt instead of drairing boi 

tjnblo eurtains, flhe bas thrown aver the earth i 

soft drapery of silvery aboon, and the moon- 

bunmi fall silently over each frozen stream otic 

aistiblo yearning towards tha spot where tlioso 
loved ones ore sheltorod. 

When- misfortuDD comes, and m& P'fw' 
hand scatters tbo board by ua so oarefolly "°" 
oumtiliited, or when disease, subtil'', '"^^j 
iiroya ilium our vitale and robs us of our 
,„.:„,.<!,. iifuoing laogoor and decay *b«° nil 
™. f.,rm..rly vi Vanity and power; «!«* "»> 'V- 
;,-,.,„, Muiw of the .aolti.ud. ^eo, t-ru-d 
into sneers of derision; ob! bo~ camt-slly dp 
the "enry one faqr far tbat boar^ympatby. 
and solace, Moh is cnly Mtoodod m .he at- 
uinJiiljiTB of home. 

To von, tliBU, I appeal. MOlivoit .wus ' A..d 

gaotlo dausWew of ° uc lanJi n " d b ^ a " lho 
consolation their love has trrought, by tho in- 
numerable ills from which they bavo shielded 
yoa, implore you to remember, that one com- 
mandment, with promise, "Honor thy futhor and 
thy mother." And to you, brothers, I would 

cherish tenderly tho frail blossoms nrhioh 
nourish beside you ; thrust not rudely away tho 
tendrils by which thoy cling to you for support; 
and their love, arising as a perfumo from the 
flowers they resemble, shall float over along 

pathway, and subside only when those 
hearts shall bo pulseless in death. Sisters tread 
warily; loving- May no iuipetu- 
word unkindly spoken, estrange from 
you that heart on whinb you onn most undaubt- 
ingly rely ; tbe arm npon which yoa can confi- 
dently lean; and never distrust its kind support. 

arcs you mny light.-.". bi> Kri.'fs you mny 

>, his perplexities relieve, olid in rut urn bn 
1.1,-t.hI with such counsel us only a brother can 
bestow. "Among those of one household 
blessed bo harmony." Sai.UK. 

s for ci 


A fitting 
ing to draw tho tbooghls from earth, and cause 
them to dwell in tho regions of imagery ; or to 
the pure in heart it speaks of a land ever thus 
peaceful, and far more gloriously lighted by 
beams from the throne of God. 

We have nfioin ehoaen homo, and homo influ- 
ences, for our theme, hoping thereby to awaken 
fund recolleations in many hearts, and to nronso 
tho attention of Home Slater spirit, who with 
thoughts mora eloquent, and pen moro power- 
ful, shall aid in portraying tho blcjsinjt.-i an J 
beauties with whioh tlisil sacred s pot ought over 
to abound, and thus lead the hearts of oar own 
soito high resolves and active efforts towards 
enhancing tho happiness, and rendering more 
gentle aud holy those dear ones by whom God's 
Providence surrounds os. And as no havo al- 
ready written of tbo mother's influence, we will 
now consider those relations which »hildr?o of 
one household ought mutually to bear towards 
each other, and the kindly obedience which a 
child ought ever to render those, who tender) y 
che risking the frail, tiny Sufant, havo reared it 
to manhond or girlhood's prime; shi.ddiii.!: its 
pathway, and bearing it gently over life's trou- 
bled waters, until the feeble arm has gained 
strength, and tho infant mind expanded into 
muturo wisdom. No lovelier typo of heavenly 
hl.'~sedm-j.-i i:iii earth [iri-.-i-nt. than n homo over 
which tho father presides with patriorchial dig- 
nity and power; whero tbe mother is treated 
with tender reverence, and each son and daugh- 
ter lika pillars, and ornaments to tho temple, 
support, embellish and beautify, the honored 

Sueh a homo is tbe nursery where good 
aro fonnd, whero wisdom doaennds to earth, 
whero "peace like a brooding dove" ever main- 
tains her sittings. It is a garden for tho soul, 
where it may eipond and bloasotn, and prepare 
for the glorious fruition of Heaven. It is a 
refuge from every ill below, for although thorns 
may pierce tho flosh, yet then a a consoling 
bairn and soothing .iraui.-l.t ..mlnti' etched by the 
band of love. Such u refuge and protection 
ought homo over to become; such it is in our 
power to render it. 

Alas! that it -k.uilil ro ofinn bo defiled ; that 
the fire on it- u 1 1 : 1 1- should ( , _• i-.ijiT.T^d toeipiro; 
tho unwillingness to sacrifice our own selfish- 
ness, so often lead to the destruction of life's 
most noblo ends, nnd of earth's most reliable 

Seriously, then, ought young hearts, while 
Mossed with putintsl guidance and lovo, strive 
to ctdticata those taared home affections, and 
exert that holy influence, whioh, like a halo 
surrounding tho orbs of light, emanates from 
every good sister and true-hearted brother. 

A brother whose heart abounds b noblo im- 
pulses, and well regulated acts of lovo must 
exert n powerful influence over oven tho most 
giddy and wayward of sisters. In his disap- 
proval she fears that of his soi generally, aud 
his high standard of thought and clear discrimi- 
nation of character give tone to her mind, on. 
largo her understanding, and develop tho most 
noblo faculties of her soul. 

So too in tbo dopths of her heart is a fountain 
of lovo unfathomable, pore nnd holy, whoso 
waters aro over sweet, and gosh spontaneously 
forth, falling in gentle spray over the evergreen 
islet of irMimnl affection. Powerless is tho pen 
in portraying a eister's love; yot actions may 
moko it manifest, and good deods recount it 
daily. And what heart, uncontnminntcd by an 
evil world, would willingly resign ,ho pleasures 
and bJcesiugs wrought by ihete haly home-lovcs, 
f.T all the pump and pageantry of earth, for 
emolument, fame or applause? And who that 
baa ouca ci.juyod parental and fraternal sympa- 
thy, and solicitude, does not over after iwau 
amid tho smiles of strangers, turn with an bra 

Hope and tho Death Angel. 
[Welcome again, Daughter of the sonny South. 
Thv pure thou^hn will bid a ready greeting from 
the many friend* thy ro-'nt visits have already 
made, Kena will always be welcome ; her truth- 
ful portraits will find a ready admowledgmeflt in 
every in I elk' dual mind :] 
Tis night upon the earth, tho dew is on tho 
owers, and the bright moon sails high, reflecting 
ilver radiance o'er lake and hill. Within a. homo 
of choicest wealth, a fair but fragile girl is passing 
tbo world of spirits. Her golden hair now un- 
counted, falls in clustering ringlets on her snowy 
■ deeply blue are dim and luster- 
less, and her marble brow is marked wilh heavy 
iffering. An old man weeps beside her, 
weeps sad, bitter tears. His step is feeble, his 
locks have turned to gray, his days are well nigh 
numbered, and the "recording augels" will noon 
have r..-eri.-1'Ji'Tl In; unine fmoLln'r saint iu Heaven. 
'Tis for his child those tear.drops start, for her 
tbe bright ond beautiful of earth. The dtitroytr 
ics to breathe wilh icy coldness and destruction 
the flower his age so cherished, and bis heavy 
heart is crushed with bitterness and grief. And 
yet she shiinks not from the .ir.-ad'.-d me.— i. n^e-r, for 
with bis summons suffering will end, and in 
iinoiher world a Mijilnr'" amn are open to receive 
her. The "Angel of Hope" is hovering at her 
iidi.-, '■vlii--]i-iiri^' ..,[" i kit r,'iliu where tsmid Litem j] 
day, and pointing to the spirit-laud where Swells 
Eternsl peace. Asmile has wi'iilh..-d her lip-, a 
brightness kindles in her eye; she takes oul- lin- 
gering look of earth, then wings ki-r flight to 

A noblo manly form is standing by the couch of 

death. His h'jjftf nnd dreams lone foraered up, 

are blasted in an instant ; for bhe whose pure ami 

penile -pirit ppuk.: U. liin in juvon't uecenLs, luv..-'s 

fond tale, is silent in the cold enibraco of death, 

The lily band which he so oil bus pressed with 

love's warm fervency, like marble sculpture lied 

her virgin breast ; her lips, now mute and 

eolorle.-:-. will ne'er ,i;.lui return the pr(-=.sureof hi.s 

. The fond deep vows unchanged by lime 

tre nihil: ne'er again upon her tongue, 

her eyes again reflect the pure'devotiou mirrored 

umong lho hospitable nnd generous hearted ones 
there, yot our golden shores onn offer as fnir 
aud as happy homes to denisons of other States, 
as any laud in the world | and Our fair corres- 
pondent wnuld ho joyously wolcomnd hither 
with her kindred, whero thoy will find worm 
hearts to rccoivo them : 

Dbab Fkiuxd : Tho announcement of your in- 
tended departure for your new home, on tho shores of 
tho far-dislont Pncifio, awakens in mo o remem- 
brance of tho onoo happy time it wos my good 
fortune to enjoy, under your kiud guidance, ond 
iu your sweet society. Many cireumatonooB 
havo conspired to prevent my writing to you 
oro this time. This is tho only reason nnd 
apology I can offer for my aoomiug nogloot and 
forgetfnlnoss of yonr very warm and disinter- 
ested friendship, uud for tho non-porformanoo 
of a fluty, to whioh I was prompted alike by 
unfeigned pleasure and a flood of grateful 

But I throw myself upon tho generosity of 
your ,kind nature, with tbo assurance of a full 
forgiveness of a fault which was of tho head Bnd 
not of the heart. Your contemplated move has 
thrown a mantle of gloom over all of our fumily 
circle. It is true your new homo is within tho 
bounds of oor own loved land, yot it seems like 
sovoriog (bo chain of nffection whioh binds us 
all to you. Not alono thoso who havo boon 
blest with mi opportunity of nssoointing with 
you, but in tbu hearts of every member of our 
family, your oamo is enshrined with a lovo that 
willlivooa lo"^ .l- memory cnu point to onooher- 
ished inoident of tho' past. Need I assure you 
of tho deep nnwely wo all have to see you oro 
your departure. It would indeed bo a pleasure, 
hut fate's relentless bund seems to havo sot its 
seal upon n "consummation so devoutly wish- 
ed," lest you should in the spring run onto 
"Old Virginia," when wo will promise you a 
welcome as warm as our genial cliino, and as 
sincero as loving hearts con offer. 

You will doubtless boor from nil of our family, 
for enoh and all seem desirous of sending you 
somo expression of regret nt your separation, 
and of giving utterance to a heartfelt prayer for 
a safe and prosperous voyage to you, and n 
happy meeting with your beloved husband. 

You will do me a favor by giving ray lovo to 
Mr. G. I., also to your dear children. 

I will now olose with sincero prayer, that the 
golden gates of California may Open to you 
El Dorado of happiness 1 , and that your future 
may bo ns bright as the glittering soil of your 
new home. Be assured there aro uono who 
more fervently pray for thai future continued 
brightness {however dim her own), than your 
Sincere little friend. BBC. 


Thin choMojt nil who mini,- trait, 

Poor, blinded ilnoi, la thee! 

The last rorowell is spoken, tbo last look or love 

been given, with a bruised and bleeding heart he 

bow3 to stern Fato's decree. Then from amid bis 

sorrow oad despair comes a form with Angel 

beauty steals upon his anguish withiis 

spiritual presence, and bids him look beyond this 

hanging earth, to a land where nil is harmony 

md joy. He tecs life's journey toilsome and eru- 

hi.Uere'1, death's parage dark and terrible; the 

a'..! i.-ilil m„l jjli-my ; but b-voiiil, :i liiimt illn- 

ued by the brie/lilness or tbe ever-shining sun. 

'i longer will he mourn lor earth's, nhon-lived 

hardline-, 'tis but Ik: i.-l i unn.-riiiL; of a joy uurl 

Ixauiv of (he I ,e above, n„ r w ill he inuurn kr 

the chii'te- (liiril who has tied |>,,in earth, I,. ].-. u J 
hi., thimiihl" lo Heaven. 

ilj..J oer.iphs ne.'lle qhv.- their ivine-i umi siv. II 
tbe eoi-riin^ melody. A tiiler com.;; |,i join tl,e 
elinenu- band, ami r-on^ ul" prae.e no- tlii,,„ L 4i 
the vniills of Eden. A bright nnd ^liit.-rmj; 
erov.n i.. ready li.r her brow, tin: [.-early j'aie- ai 
o]i:N, a, id \;,A receive! his child. Bma. 


-' -' ' - >■ ;■ 'I::h. ; hi :■! in. .-f:;i:.-s 
LiTjU* „ Dd i 


Port itlonunivs, racket Knives, 

And Ibat I me; mako a SPEEDY clearance, and clojo 
overythiDg onl oj ojrlra* po-e'llile, f l,.i j , .■ ilo'erniinei ..n 
moklns GREAT REDUCTIONS, nnd trill eell evory- 
IhlnE at nearly OSE-IIALF tho prieei the umo soods 

of furoliblne vonr Libraries, and lurpljlac joawalroj 
with oil klndi or Fancy ond Staple Stationery, ot a eoja- 
paralivoly trifllnr; eoit, n. they 


My itoek couliK of all Uioda of Coolu, suc b as 
Histories, Biographies, Travels and Adrenturcs; 
Theological. Poetical,, Agricultural, 
ScientiDc, College, School, and Text Books ; 

Novels, &c. 

Elanfc Books ; Letter, Cap and Nolo Paper 

of all kinds. Envelopes, Inks, 

Gold and Steel Pens. 

In .hart, everything In the lino. Ai an earnest of m 

Intention., I (ubjobi a lift ot prlcej of o. few Items on 

; Boolllng Boob, - 

A Noblo Proof of Truo Friendship. 
Wb have been permitted tho perusal of tbe 
following most friendly opistle, from a beautiful 
and accomplish,,,! Indy from that land of glori- 
ous spirits (Old Virginia), to n lady thou in 
Now York, about [o nornD w California. This 
letter breathes tbo 
which are a proof u 

-ted tin, l,on.. 

id frosh thoughts 
.'rity, Thoy wore 
out wo havo boon 
I tho letter before 

tho tail no shall have the j 

jur readers. Whore aueb 

lies, wo w6uld hope wo might lie 

rtrny. Fair and beautiful as are tho sunny 

ilopes of Virginia, and wo have enjoyed much 

in of thought 


re hnvo upneidi of Pive Tlnndred dUTon 
ileri of I 

illVdeipbi." " 

Sow In (i,o time for Bargains. 

OOME Ejft.RL-2-I 

_ lEOWn.hin.rtonrtreet.aei.doortoA.Eohler. 


SSnief Third lu( B f M:KE R8, 

Receive Special ano Ouuul 'd'f n.-i." 

Pay tb. H, Bl „., Pll «, , or 0oll , DMt . 

lloko advaneei or, GOLD DUST rMel , d ,,„ a,,,. „ 

Coi BaK o at lho (loiwd-sinc) JIbu 


AUea.J M Odleclioo,. aI1 .l T ril[I .„ 1( , ., ,.„„„„. „„..„, 


Seeds 1 Soedfi I Seeds ! 

JUST received l. v Linie-.'.a Inrec n"onmentef rnni 
t'If.1,1. tiii.l KAMJiB.N 5KK!W, ami will mmliioil 
ncolvo by ovorj . '. r r.:.: i..r th- -n^a, from lho be, 

sty wlti DOnBisneo on nay feeds they may purchaj 

All Mi.l-r.. fmin ibo eoiirurr.nnniunMlest with tbo coil 
ill tie ollonilod I,., and f.illhfullv tic.:ui,d .1, .v.utii is] ,.|„ ,,.■ |i,-.mi:i;.'. i.:j'j[...^.'- i fur 

u„i..,i ■,..': j.'-li.'-i'. \v'lat,.',"u':'.'l ^.,ll,,..- 

Unl.l.j;v. of wrii. Carrot, of «rU. 

II,. While Sllciliin. I'.-,| .Mnnselw l«l. 

CaulifloBcr, of (oris. Sreeestl, of torn. 

e weds, of difforont (oris— Oioje Orange, Black 

_.„ «i»s — Tlninlhy, Ky. B I an put Bed-Ton, 

l.i.n mi. I l!y..-_T..-., i 'lover (Ued and Wblto), Winter 

ft-,-''[.i '■! t'liii' fmin Ihe Atlanuo Slate! nn. 
•"'■'"Eurfi.v, adilitionj lo hlj nlrondy Isrg 
nontef cholee 
Field and Garden Meds, Flower do., Fruits 
da., Troo seeds. Canary, Hemp, Mil let, Bspe 
and Maw secdi, Herb seeds, French 
Sugar-Sest feed, Cbinesa Eagar-Cano teed, 
■hlch ho offora to tho Famjon and to tho trade throngb- 

m ill" .-l,.!.. "11 lil.-r;,l S.ti.i- Til c ..|.| iin i vvi.l,.-.] rv.ll 

,., n -I i hi' II. ■»■-.: -ffornishir ' ' 

In the 1 

ind Ear 

■'■- 'Jiirdon Svcdi nrc Mi-od nnd |iut mi by sh-j Sim!;.:- 
.■« I,,.r,, Koirl'Mlr, 
11 — IMrlk) itLihinir -umll iinnort of SeodjforM 
can havo tho earao funrnrdod by rnnil (wan 
|, by f.irwurdiot- the cn,h, al 111., rate of S Mill- [ . . 
:; ohvi, hiicliau'C! of FlonerSce.JBfontnrdod through 

ta tootles fomlshod, on application, with prii 

, wholesale end retail, bv 


rii;v«i-r-\!].l !'..:.l.:r in Miu-li-. .ic, 
r,o.HOf'iilif..n,i-.-l .-:..!. i ™-i»n. 

To Seedsmen, Planters, &o. 

rruK. i::: - r. ■....-.,, v.'i, .•.-. \,-i; - 1 1.1.-..1 v..- K . 

ltoou/Dounlo 6ari"ln^^.,r Vlh.;t"lV?l l -V;". , j,' 

J. H. Tli'oJlUmiM 'll I".' ■f''-'.'.'j'm ... .'..'.:.' 

Gstrdcn, Field and Flower Seeds. 

.-. J. R. . BAY, JB( 

2 i.,.™,.»ij..,„i. ffi 

Foreign and Domestic Satis, Trees, $c., 
No. flO J itront ■ Sacromontc 

Gnrdcn, Field, Flower and Tree Seeds, 
Fruit nnd Ornamental Trees and Shrubs, Ac. 

fry Oipeu, per M.11 or EitprcH, prompUj nllended to. 

New and Bale Plante, Vines, Sec, 
a i;..-'-v Rochelle, or lawton Blackberry ; 

i,-." Hh.ili.iib; .. I---., ii. "rljn. ■'-.■] ' y : f y- r> ■ -1 

)■:. I.'..'. .......■! ■.■■.:.. 1- I !'■■ V|.-!-.,n, ,.,.l ■ I. .vli , :.-l. 

Concord Grape, tic. &&. 



Pnoi'itiETon op tub Qkehakiowh Nuesbeies, 
Qemumtown, Philadelphia, Pa. 
^Includes in his business the collection and 
-*— importution of 

Gierj iviiui or Tree Seeds 

iurroal of «or T™ il°r. lisd "^'.. '-1 ...'■- \-. I,',"b ' r\. ! " .■„/. 
.Hi- b, .ibininH with toriiiinly, i- U-uod orerj Mnv, 
drncjo of tho lemon of rli^nlny, so as to afford p 
hosura an opportunity to forward thoir orders on 
nullah Iu ^crihuii, iu prime ec-uon; fresh, and in 



. Tho M,||.l f ... I'K.IU .fK 
nli_ii. |.... ■ ui.j.lltJ ,i! •.-, ,.(.., |, 

Novomnor 18. 1BST. 



a. l. kblloq a, 

(Faracrlt of I. M. UoonE It Co., CaUftnil* tlrca 

TIT Calling public attcotltin looqrNEW SEEf STORE 

-i-^brnr.Jnnli ctL Diio«;-arj.. II,; V , ,;].| 
aiiirtl) -iiit., ihilour 

Stock i« Entirely Nea, 
And wo (hall keep n full assortment of tbe 

<;i...v,r. ii v i xi i nn::ir:i;u , i.'i.i'iV.i'tuJij bl1 1(ju , 
to the hojineij forolsbcd 

ir liuLBOUS 

Chinese Sugar-cano Beed, 

SM 1 " n " a *•"«•?— ' B ' 


Rare Melon and Cucumber Seed. 

Alfalfa Seed. 

T u 2wta,^™i;^i^.?^7ed LPA H:i 

a WAiuiEK i co„ wo WuhiuatoB it ( op n 




Ho.«OHorli"lde of E 


gWashlnpon street, 





Aro Imports "ml t>™iera tn cvoiy dmcrlpllon of 

Hardware, Crockery, Glass and Woouenware, 

Agricniniral "j^ ^t^^i and Mining 


Pioneer Bardvore and A i;ri cultural Emporium, 


draff of Miin oaJ til DaroAo Mtti*, 




So, 170 Jackson It reel {Third Boor below Kearny), 


Manufacturer end Doalnrln 

■■-I .•■-■■; M .nr.- ..-.,. SI,!-.. i . P-, 
.rten.aad orerythlng in tho/Tl 

Retail, at tbo bejt rntoj In the oily 

,U-o-C-.n.-',ilT ..n hr.nd.nnlr, Mon, TTool, n 
Fonthors. For tale at tho lowcit price;, nbulr : ;ilc a 



Tin and Cbpperware, Sheet Iron, Hardware, 

ScC, £c<D., 
Briolc Stare, Plain ulrcct, Diljolnlnrr ttlo Tlicalrc, 


■ — J -snt of Cookbi, T'jt- 

... .ii.i.i. 



■ ■ri|.|i--.ii d< 






:JjT..-|j=, UUHHS. tlll.MUKE i CO., ^^ 

fei MA! ™ FA ^ TlJItEIlS fj^Jl 


Market tlrul, httwttn Btale. nnd Main ttrc< 


a Harness, Saddles, Bridles, fe 


ended lo.— Good u 


Inventors ami Sole Uannfnatnrerg of t 

Patent Autl-Frlcttou Axle Grease 
For Ooaehei, Wagons, ojc. 

Cordage Mannfaotory. 

\\>- '■'■■' ,: '.- '■" I'"|-l' W..I.K in .....vlWiodnr 

mr,nulnciL,nu; Ciil;|ili',t ,.( ,(.,, (,, ., .|. J: ,,„, | r()la 

Premium Marblo Works ! 

K street, earner Sutli, 

Marble Man toll ond fJrntoi, UonunienU Tomb nnd 

All lib. 1 1 ,,f fimaninnijinV"r. r v ,i ni. , .1, 

_o-ii«,. oujsr? ess. ;,r "* "sg \ m 


JOHN A. hols, Mauuractui'Vr, 

And \lfhoJosttlB and R.,,11 Donlar In 




IRON "WORKS, flc. 




Stills, Worms, Brow Kettles and Heatera, 

Lift and Force Pomps, Brass Work, 

No. 80 Jack 

HARVEST, 1858! 



Market Eqnato. comer of Bnih and Mulct streets 

u'it.'k .i'-vh'm .,1m : :';'■;:.■" !';'.', i : ' ,; 

ir*iiio .ill orde